Tractaat van vreede en commercie, geslooten tusschen sijne Majesteit den Keiser van Marocco en de Hoog Mogende Heeren Staaten Generaal der Vereenigde Nederlanden. Gesloten in den jaare 1752.
4to. 26 pp. With woodcut device on title page and one initial. Red modern cloth with giltstamped spine title.
Renewal of the bilateral Treaty of Peace and Commerce of 1752 between the Netherlands and Morocco, then ruled by Sultan Abdallah IV (Moulay Abdallah ibn Moulay Ismail ibn Moulay Chérif ibn Moulay Ali of the Alaouite dynasty, styled "Keiser van de Ryken der Maroccen, Fez, Mequinez, Suz en Algarven" in Dutch). The renewal was signed at Salé, 29 June 1777, when the open-minded Mohammed ibn Abdallah was Sultan. In December same year, the Sultanate of Morocco became the first nation whose head of state publicly recognized the United States as an independent nation.
Since the late 16th century the Netherlands had been attempting to establish friendly relations with Islamic countries, such as the Ottoman Empire and Morocco, due to their common enmity with catholic Spain. The first "Treaty of Friendship and Free Commerce" between the two countries had been signed as early as 1610, offering "free access and friendly reception for their respective subjects with any need for safeguard or safe-conduct, no matter how they come to the others' territory".
Slight browning, but well-preserved.