Let us now praise Imperial armaments

Agricola, Georg. Oratio de bello adversus Turcam suscipiendo, ad Ferdinandum... Ungariae Boemiaeq[ue] regem, & Principes Germaniae. Basel, J. E. Froben, 1538. Basel, J. E. Froben, 1538. 4to. 36 pp. With woodcut printer's device on title page, repeated on reverse of final leaf. Early 19th century marbled boards.

EUR 6,500.00

First Latin translation of Agricolas "Oration, Anred und Vermanung Herrn Ferdinandum zu Ungern" (Nuremberg, Peypus, 1531), an anti-Ottoman pamphlet of the Turkish wars in Hungary which began with the siege of Vienna in 1529 and lasted well into the 1550s. "A quite unneccessary, broadly garrulous oration, probably never delivered as a speech but disseminated in print only. Agricola gives a long-winded account of the Turks' cruelties, and of Germany's great power since ancient Roman times, and warns that Germany is now threatened by the Turkish forces which had besieged Vienna 'with guns' the previous summer. Hungary must be given every assistance etc." (Kertbeny, p. 89). "No writer has so praised the superiority of the Imperial armaments over the apparently weak Turkish weaponry as did Agricola (1490-1555), the father of mineralogy. In particular, he stressed the vastly superior arms of the German mercenaries who fought with sturdy spears, protected by solid helmets, while the Turks had but flimsy pikes, 'like little knives'. Victory over so poorly equipped an enemy, he promises, is therefore nothing less than certain. Agricola even seems convinced that a general insurrection of all the peoples subjugated by the Turks is imminent. His oration was written a few months after the siege of Vienna, which may explain his excessive optimism" (Göllner I, p. 208). - Some browning and waterstaining throughout (more pronounced in title page). Rare; only three copies in libraries via VD 16 (BSB Munich; Staatsbibliothek Preußischer Kulturbesitz Berlin; Austrian National Library).
¶ VD 16, A 924. Adams A 340. BM-STC German 8. Göllner I, 617. Apponyi 268. Ballagi 450. Hubay 165. Cf. Kertbeny 412 (German ed.).

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Editio princeps of the Arabic text

Al-Razi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya / Channing, John (ed.). [Kitab al-Gadari wal Hasbah]. De variolis et morbillis,... Arabice et Latine; cum aliis nonnullis ejusdem argumenti. London, William Bowyer, 1766. London, William Bowyer, 1766. 8vo. XIV, (2), 276 pp. Contemp. sheepskin with gilt cover borders; leading edges gilt; red label to richly gilt spine. Mabled endpapers.

EUR 6,500.00

First printed edition of the Arabic text (with Latin translation on facing pages) of al-Razi's treatise on smallpox and the measles. This work gained great popularity in Europe and was also translated into French, English and German. While Brockelmann states it saw some 40 Latin editions between 1498 and 1866, it received focal attention in the 18th century when European interest in inoculation or variolation was beginning to soar, especially after Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, wife of the Ambassador Extraordinary to the Turkish court in Istanbul, had published a description of the procedure as she had witnessed it in Turkey. - Al-Razi (also known as Rhazes; 850-923 or 932) is considered the greatest mediaeval physician next to Avicenna; he also conducted alchemical experiments. According to his biographer al-Gildaki, he was blinded for refusing to share his secrets of chemistry. - Some browning throughout due to paper. Contemporary private shelfmark to flyleaf. Hinges beginning to split, but generally a well-preserved copy in an otherwise highly appealing binding.
¶ Wellcome I, 515. Blake 316. ESTC (RLIN) T92871. OCLC 14321396. Cf. GAL S I, 419, no. 3. Cf. M. H. Fikri, Treasures from The Arab Scientific Legacy in Europe (Qatar 2009) no. 45 (a 1747 work on the same subject, with a Latin translation of al-Razi's treatise appended).

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Inscribed by the editor

Baumgarten auf Breitenbach, Martin von. Peregrinatio in Aegyptum, Arabiam, Palaestinam, & Syriam [...].... Studio et opera M. Christophori Donaveri, Ratisponensis. Nuremberg, Paul Kauffmann, 1594. Nuremberg, Paul Kauffmann, 1594. 4to. (4), 173, (3) pp. With the author's woodcut arms on verso of title page. Modern full calf with giltstamped red spine label. Marbled endpapers. All edges red.

EUR 18,000.00

Rare: the first and only separate edition of one of the most important early descriptions of a journey through the Middle East. An English edition appeared in Churchill's "A Collection of Voyages and Travels" in 1704, a Russian edition was published in 1794. Martin von Baumgarten (also: Baumgartner, 1473-1535) from Breitenbach in Austria visited the Middle East from April 1507 to July 1508. He set off from Kufstein to Venice, then travelled via Croatia to Corfu, Crete, Cyprus, Egypt, Palestine, Damascus and Beirut, then back to Cyprus and returned to Kufstein by the same route. His account includes a report on the dexterousness of the Arabian youths in handling boats, of the capacity for swimming among the Arabs, and of Muslim circumcision. "The account of his travels was compiled from his diary and that of his servant" (Cox) by the Regensburg theologian Christoph Donauer (1564-1611), who also provides a biography of Baumgarten in the preface. - Upper hinge and slight paper flaw to fol. E4 professionally repaired. At the foot of the title page, the present copy is inscribed by Donauer to the Regensburg senator Georg Sigmund Hamman (1562-1627): "Ornatissimo viro, domino Georgio Siegismundo Hammano etc. compatri meo dilecto offero M.C.D." (the initials written as an elegant humanist monogram). An appealing copy.
¶ VD 16, B 914. BNHCat, B 165. Röhricht 579 (p. 167). Tobler 65. Blackmer 95. Cox, I, 223. Howgego B49. Cobham-Jeffery 3. Gay 36. Aboussouan 71. Not in Atabey.

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Drawings by the Princess

Clementine d'Orleans, Princess (1817-1907), daughter of Louis Philippe, King of the French; married to Prince August of Saxe-Coburg, mother to King Ferdinand of Bulgaria. Sketchbook/scrapbook containing drawings by the Princess and other... artists, including sketches by William Daniell. [France and England], 1827-1851. [France and England], 1827-1851. 13 watercolours and pencil and ink drawings mounted on 60 leaves of white and brown-toned paper. Splendid red morocco binding by Alphonse Giroux of Paris with covers and spine gilt and inlaid (wanting the fore-edge lock). Small oblong folio (340 x 245 mm). Red moirée silk endpapers. All edges gilt.

EUR 4,500.00

A magificently bound, early album containing sketches by the artistically gifted princess as well as by other artists. It was not until the year of her birth that her father Louis Philippe, the Duke of Orleans (1773-1850), who had had to leave Europe after the French Revolution and spent several years in America, returned to France, where in 1830 he accepted the crown, following the deposition of Charles X. Until the February Revolution of 1848 and his emigration to England he reigned as "King of the French". - The present album contains three unsigned portrait studies in pencil attributable to the princess, probably based on details from an old master painting (possibly a Crucifixion or Lamentation of Christ). In her youth, Clementine is known frequently to have copied details from Dürer, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Holbein, and Titian. Two of the present studies are dated "1831", when she was but fourteen years old: among the earliest of her known works, they show off her remarkably developed talent. - Among the other drawings in the album is a watercolour still life with fowl, signed "D. Pedro 1850" and inscribed, "Offert À Son Altesse Royale Madame La Duchesse de Saxe Cobourg Gotha le 3 Juin 1851", while a similar still life is signed "D. Suid [?] fecit / 20 Set. 1850". Other drawings include four pencil sketches by the English painter and engraver William Daniell (1769-1837), who had accompanied his uncle Thomas Daniell to India in 1784 and subsequently produced a wealth of highly regarded landscapes and scenes of Indian life (including work for the famous "Oriental Scenery" volume), many of which are in the Royal collections (cf. Thieme/Becker VIII, 361f.). His signed contributions are two boating scenes (1827, one entitled "Patience in a Punt"), an Indian riverside scene (1827) entitled "The Plantane tree, Bengal", and an "Indian Bull" (1830, inked and watercoloured). Another particularly finely executed watercolour shows a beach scene at Ingouville (in Normandy), dated August 1839 and signed "L. Laurent". In addition, there are three skilled but unsigned pen-and-ink sketches, apparently also by a trained artist, showing a watchman with a shouldered musket, the Falls of Clyde in Scotland ("Chute de la Clyde / Lanarke 11 Juillet 51"), and the profile study of a lady (all but the latter washed in ink). A few torn stubs show the album to have formerly comprised several additional leaves, while the faint nature-printed impressions left by plants between two leaves prove that the album was once also used to preserve botanical mementos. - The princess grew up in the Palais Royale in Paris. In 1843 she was married to Prince August of Saxe-Coburg; in 1861 she would give birth to Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg, who in 1887 accepted the crown of Bulgaria, against the wishes of the European Powers and indeed those of the house of Coburg. Having long lived under the same roof with the similarly aged Victoria of Kent, later Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Clementine maintained a lifelong correspondence with the Queen of England, and her more than 600 letters are now in the Royal Archive in Windsor. Also the Hoover Institution at Stanford University keeps material from the estate of Princess Clementine within the so-called "Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria papers". Her artistic productions have remained enduringly popular: in 1990, one of her pencil drawings ("Etude des chiens") sold for 20,000 Francs (Paris, Tajan, 5 Dec. 1990, lot 23).

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Avicenna on corals

Gans, Johann Ludwig. Corallorum historia, qua mirabilis eorum ortus, locus natalis,... varia genera, praeparationes chymicae, quàmplurimae, viresque eximiae proponuntur. Frankfurt a. M., Lucas Jennis, 1630. Frankfurt a. M., Lucas Jennis, 1630. 8vo. (16), 174 pp. (lacking final blank, as common). With printer's woodcut device on t. p. and large (nearly full-page) engraving of a precious coral on the final page of the preliminaries. Late 19th century half calf with marbled covers and gilt title to spine. Edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 9,500.00

Extremely rare first edition of the first monograph ever published on corals. Gans's study covers the natural history of coral as well as its chemical and medical applications. At the beginning of the book, Gans provides a list of authors whose work he has used as sources. Among these, the great Arab polymath Ibn Sina (Avicenna) is easily one of the most frequently and extensively quoted authorities: Gans relies on him for his account of the corals' prevalence, and in particular for his discussion of their chemical properties and medical uses (especially as a stomachic). But Gans has also received the work of the Middle Eastern physician Yuhanna ibn Sarabiyun (Serapio), as well as that of the then-recent Italian botanist Prosper Alpini (1553-1617), who had spent three years in Egypt studying botany and hygiene as a companion to the Venetian Consul Giorgio Emi. Alpini was a well-chosen authority, as he is counted among the first physician-botanists of the 16th century to examine plants outside the context of their therapeutic uses. - Among the eleven chapters in Gans's work, Duveen lists no less than six that are of of chemical interest. "The most famous description of the medical application of corals has been given by Gans and it also included an extensive selection of recipes with extracts from corals, mainly focusing on the red coral. The 'spiritu vitrioli antepileptico' formulation prepared by him is used even today" (Muller et al., "Traditional and Modern Biomedical Prospecting: Part I - the History" in Ev. Comp. & Alt. Med. 1.1 [2004]). - From the library of the British-born U.S. literary scholar, Rossell Hope Robbins (1912-90), with his ownership stamped on front pastedown. Robbins, a collector mainly of works on Middle English and medieval studies, is best remembered as the author of the classic "Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology". Paper slightly browned but a very good copy. No copy in international auction or trade records since 1950.
¶ VD 17, 12:000513B. Duveen 235. Brüning 1519. Krivatsy 4540. Wellcome 2676. Ferchl 171. Neu (Chemical, medical and pharmaceutical books) 1568. Waring (Bibliotheca therapeutica) 386 (the first book listed on the subject). OCLC 14320766. Cf. Eales 402 (1669 ed. only in Cole Library, but 1630 first ed. referenced in note).

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Rare manual of geomancy

[Geomancy]. Curieuse und gantz neue Art zu Punctiren. Aus... dem Arabischen ins Deutsche übersetzet von einem Liebhaber dieser Kunst. Leipzig, Groß, 1743. Leipzig, Groß, 1743. 8vo. (38), 97-144, (8) pp. Title page printed in red and black. With engraved frontispiece and folding letterpress table. Bound after this is a 10-page German manuscript by a contemporary hand in red and black ink, entitled "Continuatio curiosorum experimentorum collocatio". Modern half vellum with marbled covers and spine title. Edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 2,000.00

Later edition of this oft-reprinted but rare manual of geomancy, a divination system with Arabian origins. The term is derived from the ancient Greek "geômanteía", a translation of the Arabic "'ilm al-raml" - the "science of the sand", or the art of foretelling from dots or lines randomly marked upon the ground or on paper. The method, probably developed in the Near and Middle East, arrived in mediaeval Europe via North Africa. In the European context it was seen as an ancillary science to astrology and was attributed to Hermes Trismegistus. It was especially Robert Fludd's "Utriusque cosmi maioris scilicet et minoris metaphysica, physica atque technica historia" (1618) that made geomancy popular in the late Renaissance. "Pointing, or geomancy, was among the most popular of the divinatory entertainments of the 17th and 18th century" (cf. Daxelmüller, Zauberpraktiken, p. 200, with fig. 35). Purportedly translated from Arabic, this manual cites Cornelius Agrippa, Henry de Pisis, Trithemius, and Fludd as its authorities. The manuscript bound at the end of the volume treats of "Onomantia", or the so-called science of divining a person's future from their names - a method explicitly said to work not only with Christian names given at baptism, but also with any name bestowed by a similar process upon a Jew or Muslim. - Slightly browned, but well preserved. 1744 handwritten and stamped ownership of the Lieutenant Christoph Carl König on title page, with his initials and date at the head of the instructions to the reader.
¶ Graesse (Bibl. Mag. et Pneum.) 105. Not in Ackermann, Caillet, Dorbon-Aine, Rosenthal, etc.

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The First Edition of Indagine's Work on Palmistry

Indagine (Rosenbach), Johannes ab. Introductiones apotelesmaticae elegantes, in chyromantiam, physiognomiam, astrologiam naturalem,... complexiones hominum, naturas planetarum [...]. Strasbourg, Johann Schott for the author, 1522. Strasbourg, Johann Schott for the author, 1522. Small folio (190 x 258 mm). "30" (but: 32), "48" (but: 40), (1) ff., final blank f. With large woodcut portrait of Indagine by Hans Baldung Grien on title page, full-page armorial woodcut on final page, and 111 woodcuts throughout the text. Also, two large woodcut initials: 9-line G and 8-line S, the latter designed by Hans Weiditz (cf. A. F. Johnson, Decorative initial letters, XLI). Early 20th century quarter leather over grey boards, spine titled in gilt.

EUR 9,500.00

Extremely rare first edition of this important, profusely illustrated Renaissance work on the three occult sciences: astrology, physiognomy and chiromancy. Also called palmistry, chiromancy is the art of reading character and divination of the future by interpretation of the lines and undulations on the palm of the hand. Mediaeval palmistry was pressed into service by the witch-hunters; after a period of disrepute, it flourished again in the Renaissance, and a block-book on the subject was published as early as ca. 1480. Johannes Indagine (ca. 1467-1537, also known as Johannes Rosenbach, or von Hagen), a Carthusian Prior, was perhaps the most highly regarded German chiromancer of the sixteenth century and "an extremely learned man in many fields" (Gettings, An Illustrated History of Palmistry, p. 177). It is unknown where he gained his considerable knowledge of the natural sciences, namely of astronomy (to which he contributed the invention of two instruments) and chiromancy. He advised the Elector Albrecht von Brandenburg, Archbishop of Mainz, and it might have been Indagine's horoscopes which in 1519 caused the adjournment of the election of Charles V. - The present work was banned by the Inquisition, having been placed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum under the decree of Pope Paul IV in 1559 (cf. Thorndike). "Possevin holds that this was on account of the author's astrology, but the other astrologers are all in Class 2. Indagine was placed in Class 1 for his letter to O. Brunfels, published at the end of the volume (which had undoubtedly come to attention in Rome): for this, the author was considered a Lutheran" (Reusch). Illustrated throughout with woodcuts by several artists, including the splendid portrait of the author and his coat of arms, both by Hans Baldung Grien, 11 pairs of physiognomic heads (the pair on fol. 5r also by Grien) and 26 (some repeated) mythological designs representing the signs of the Zodiac attributed to Hans Wechtlin, as well as 37 chiromantic hands (one of fingers only) and 27 numerous astrological diagrams. The work had a great effect on the study of chiromancy and is quoted down to our own day, marking the first beginnings of the fully-fledged astrological chiromancy which was to develop steadily over the next century and a half. - A good, clean copy with remains of six thumb indexes which mark the various parts. Includes the frequently missing two-leaf dedication to Archbishop Albrecht after the title, as well as the final blank; leaf 6 of the first part misbound before the text as usual. Rebound around 1900, trimmed rather closely, with an old catalogue description of this copy (erroneously describing it as incomplete) mounted on the front pastedown: in fact, no index or "blank 4th leaf" are missing (cf. the digitized BSB copy). Of great rarity.
¶ VD 16, R 3108. Adams I 88. BM-STC German 429. Ritter 1264. Schmidt 68. Muller II, p. 82, no. 103. Chrisman, Strasbourg Imprints, S15.2.3. Sabattini 282. BNHCat I 23. Zinner 1180. Osler 3049. Oldenbourg (Baldung Grien) L 203. Mende (Baldung Grien) 458-460. Reusch I, 280, note 6. Cf. Caillet 5388-9 (only editions of 1556 and later); Thorndike V, 65-66,175-176; Hollstein, Baldun Grien, n. 263; Zinner 157, 414 f., 433. H. Röttinger, Jahrb. der Kunstslgg. des Ah. Kaiserhauses Wien 27, 1907-1909 (attribution of the illustrations to Hans Wechtlin); Durling, 2531ff. (only editions of 1531 and later).

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Early Heyinger publication

[Jerusalem - Franciscan Order]. Compendium oder gantz kurtze Relation der vornehmsten H.... Oerther zu Jerusalem, so wir arme Franciscaner in die 400 Jahrlang bewohnen, und mit allen Gottsdiensten versehen. [Vienna, Andreas Heyinger], 1692. [Vienna, Andreas Heyinger], 1692. 4to. (20) pp. All edges sprinkled in red. Disbound.

EUR 1,500.00

Only edition of this description of Jerusalem and the Christian holy sites under the care of the Franciscan order. - Some browning and staining; traces of old stitches. Removed from a collection; old number "24" on t. p. The types and woodcut decorations make this work attributable to Andreas Heyinger, whose press had only just began to operate (he would remain active until 1732). Very rare; a single copy known in library catalogues internationally (Austrian National Library).
¶ Not in VD 17. ÖNB shelfmark: 102258-B.

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The prettiest ladies in the Imperial Seraglio

La Chapelle, Georges de. Recuel [!] de divers portraits des principales dames... de la Porte du Grand Turc. Tirée au naturel sur les lieux. Paris, Antoine Estienne / chez le Blond, 1648. Paris, Antoine Estienne / chez le Blond, 1648. Folio (240 x 367 mm). Engraved title, 3 pp. of dedication, 12 leaves of text interleaved with 12 engraved plates, 1 leaf (Privilege du Roy), woodcut headpieces and initials. The plates, probably by Noel (not Nicolas) Cochin after La Chapelle, show costumes against a scenic background. Modern half calf over old marbled boards, giltstamped red spine label.

EUR 45,000.00

First edition, very rare. Georges de la Chapelle, a native of Caen, accompanied Le Haye, the French envoy to the Porte, and spent several years in the Levant, and his work is known to us almost exclusively through these engravings, showing what Thieme/Becker described as "the prettiest ladies in the Imperial Seraglio". In the introductory text included in this first edition, La Chapelle explains that the series was occasioned by a recent French edition of Chalcondyles, in which (as he complains) the depictions of female costumes were very poorly drawn. La Chapelle clearly had a special interest in female costume: "his own representations are highly detailed, with special attention paid to the fabulous jewels and fine needlework that adorn the garments of Levantine costume. (According to the preface, the accuracy of his drawings could be attested by Le Haye [...], in whose presence the drawings were executed.) To add verisimilitude to the plates, examples of Turkish, Persian, Tartar, Armenian and Greek costume are depicted against topographical backgrounds showing the areas in and around Constantinople in which the models were most likely to reside" (Atabey). Curiously, several of these backgrounds, when placed side by side, form a near-consecutive panorama of Constantinople and its environs. - In excellent condition.
¶ Atabey 648. Colas 1697. Thieme/Becker VI, 378f. Cf. Blackmer 935 (second edition). Not in Lipperheide or Cohen/de Ricci.

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The best edition

Lavater, Johann Caspar. L'Art de connaître les hommes par la physionomie.... Nouvelle édition, corrigée et disposée dans un ordre plus méthodique [...] par M. Moreau. Paris, Prudhomme, 1806-1809. Paris, Prudhomme, 1806-1809. Folio (229 x 296). 10 vols. With a total of 603 engravings, mostly on plates (some folding) and others in the text (many with tissue guards), many printed in sepia and some in several colours. Contemporary red half calf with gilt spines.

EUR 5,800.00

Second French edition, vastly expanded from (and much preferable to) the first, which had appeared in 1781-1803 in a mere four volumes. The set is considered one of the finest illustrated works of its time. It was in 1775 that the Swiss poet and theologian Lavater (1747-1801) had first gained widespread fame as well as notoriety through his "Physiognomische Fragmente zur Beförderung der Menschenkenntnis und Menschenliebe" (published in English as "Essays on Physiognomy" in 1789). His instructions on how to recognize traits of character by facial and body features contributed to the popularity of silhouette portraits in Germany during the second half of the 18th century. His theory of physiognomy - which he had first set out in 1772 in a slender volume - was vigorously discussed by contemporaries, among them Lichtenberg, Goethe, and Humboldt. Famous artists such as Daniel Chodowiecki, Johann Rudolph Schellenberg and Johann Heinrich Lips supplied him with illustrations.- Slight browning and brownstaining; the appealing bindings show occasional traces of bumping to extremeties. A good, wide-margined copy, including the frequently missing index volume (10) by Sue.
¶ Goedeke IV.1, 263f. Kippenberg 583. Schulte-Strathaus 109, 77e. Wellcome III, 459. Brunet III, 887 ("Edition d'un usage beaucoup plus commode que la precedente").

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The Last Will and Testament of Louis XVI

Louis XVI / Silvestre de Sacy, [Antoine Isaac] (ed.). [Al-durr al-manzum fi wasaya al-sultan al-marhum]. Testament de... Louis XVI, Roi de France et de Navarre, avec une traduction arabe par M. le Baron Silvestre de Sacy. Paris, de l'Imprimierie Royale, 1820. Paris, de l'Imprimierie Royale, 1820. 8vo. 19, (1), 22, (2) pp. Contemp. grey wrappers.

EUR 6,500.00

First Arabic edition. "Silvestre de Sacy translated the Last Will and Testament of Louis XVI into Arabic and had the translation printed together with the French original in 1820, in hopes that it might prove a comfort and encouragement to the Christians of the Orient, while giving Muslim readers a demonstration of Christian submission and evangelical meekness" (cf. Fück). Three years previously, de Sacy had published the late King's Testament (together with the last letter of Marie Antoinette) in a luxurious folio edition. "Sacy never let his Christian convictions hamper his work as a scholar, for he saw religion as a personal matter. Although he revealed his faith at times, it was never to pose it as the strongest model against which to judge other religions. He was nevertheless very pious. There is no other way to explain his translation of the guillotined king, Louis XVI, into Arabic [...]. He apparently wished to show how devout, simple and charitable his beloved monarch had been" (Kamal as-Salibi, The Druze [London 2005], p. 20). - The orientalist de Sacy, a monumental figure in the development of oriental studies in France, began his career as professor of Arabic at the École des Langues Orientales Vivantes in 1796. In 1806 he was offered the chair of Persian at the College of France and in 1824 was appointed director of the school of oriental languages. He also acted as advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, translating political propaganda into Arabic, including the "Bulletins of the Grande Armée" (cf. Atabey 1134). - Occasional slight duststaining near margins, but a good, untrimmed and wide-margined copy, the central bifolium remaining uncut.
¶ Fück 144 (note 377). Bibliothèque de Sacy III, 4781f. OCLC 25217438.

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The first folio atlas published in the Islamic World

Mahmoud Ra'if. Cedid Atlas Tercümesi [= New Atlas, Translated]. Üksküdar/Istanbul, Tab'hane-yi Hümayunda / Mühenduishâne Press, 1218 H (April 1803-March 1804). Üksküdar/Istanbul, Tab'hane-yi Hümayunda / Mühenduishâne Press, 1218 H (April 1803-March 1804). Folio. Engraved, ill. title page, 79 pp. and 25 engraved maps (2 on 2 sheets joined), after William Faden, in contemporary hand colour. Bound in near-contemporary flexible boards with cloth spine.

EUR 180,000.00

Hitherto unrecorded, complete copy in contemporary colour of "the rare Cedid Atlas, the first world atlas printed by Muslims, of which only fifty copies were printed" (Library of Congress, An illustrated guide ). Several copies were reserved for high ranking officials and important institutions. The remainder was partially destroyed in a warehouse fire during the Janissary Revolt of 1808. "Based on several estimates and accounting for the single maps (torn-out from bound volumes of the atlas) sold or being sold worldwide, it is believed that a maximum of 20 complete examples could be present in libraries or in private collections [13] whereas some sources suggest that there exist only 10 complete and intact copies in the world. As such, it's one of the rarest printed atlases of historical value" (Wikipedia, s. v.). - This work, a prestigious project for the Ottoman Palace with the seal of approval of the Sultan Selim III, was one of the avantgardistic enterprises promoted by Mahmoud Ra'if to introduce western technical and scientific knowledge to the Ottoman state. Composed of 25 maps based upon William Faden's 'General Atlas', it is the first Muslim-published world atlas to make use of European geographic knowledge. On each of the maps the place-names are transliterated in Arabic.. Ra'if (cf. Turk. Biogr. Archive 221, 314ff.) had visited London in 1793 as secretary to the first Turkish Ambassador where he became proficient in both French and English. It was during this time in London that he acquired the copy of William Faden's 'General Atlas' used to compile the 'Cedid Atlas' (cf. Kemal Beydilli. Türk Bilim ve Matbaacilik Tarihinde Mühendishâne ve Kütüphanesi. Istanbul, 1995). The Atlas includes Raif's 79-page geographical treatise "Ucalet ül-Cografiye". - An excellent copy with a few marginalia and contemporary ownerships in Arabic, dated AH 1229 (Rüstem al-Hadj) and 1290 (Merhum Abidin), respectively. Only minor dampstaining in a few places, edges with occasional insignificant discolouring or tiny tears (restored). A severely defective copy recently commanded an auction price of USD 118,750 (Swann Galleries NY, 26 May 2016, lot 199).
¶ OCLC 54966656. Not in Philipps/Le Gear. Not in Atabey or Blackmer collections.

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Early Psychiatry: a Transylvanian Physician on Vampires

Martini, Martinus. Dissertatio inauguralis practico-medica de daemonomania et variis ejus... speciebus [...]. Vienna, Sonnleithner, 1782. Vienna, Sonnleithner, 1782. 8vo. (4), 73 [but: 63], (1) pp. Contemp. wrappers.

EUR 3,500.00

Only edition of this dissertation by the Transylvanian Saxon Martinus Martini (1750-1800), who later served as municipal physician in Sighisoara, dedicated to the Transylvanian governor Georg Bánffy de Losonz. The author classifies demoniac conditions threefold: as the true state of being possessed by the devil (considered extinct or beyond the limits of medicine); as imagined or feigned demonomania (simulated delirium); and as convulsive states which betray physical illnesses. Intriguingly, it is not the latter, but the second type with which this medical thesis concerns itself most extensively: pages 15 through 69 offer a wealth of material on confusional states among the sages, on the tradition of witches (including Walpurgis Night), and on vampires. This latter section forms an extensive chapter which identifies hysteria or incubus as likely roots of the 'vampire disease' and which provides an account of the epidemic 'vampire events' of Gradiska, Kisolova, Medvedia, Transylvania, and Silesia. While Martini draws strongly on the Jesuit Martin Delrio, his approach is primarily psychological, and he includes original bibliographical checklists on sorcery and vampirism. - Some waterstaining throughout; old Hungarian library stamp to front wrapper. Excessively rare: only six copies known in libraries (Austrian National Library, Vienna; Lucian Blaga Central University Library, Cluj-Napoca; Czech State Research Library, Olomouc; Biblioteca Civica Bertoliana, Vicenza; Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano; and Royal College of Psychiatrists, London).
¶ László András Magyar, "Die siebenbürgische 'Vampir-Krankheit", in: Comm. de Hist. Artis Med. 186f. (2004), pp. 49-62, at p. 58ff. (59 note 27). OCLC 878531197. ICCU VIAE38713. Not in Kayser. Not in Blake, Wellcome, Lesky, Waller or Osler. Not in Coumont, Rosenthal, Ackerman, Caillet, Graesse etc.

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Early Monograph on the Female Breast

Mencel, Franz Wilhelm (resp.) / Honert, Taco Hajo van den (praes.). Dissertatio inauguralis physiologico-anatomica de structura mammarum [...]. Leiden, Janssonius van der Aa, 1720. Leiden, Janssonius van der Aa, 1720. 4to. 32 pp. With a woodcut title vignette, headpieces and initials. Sewn. Edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 850.00

First edition. - Very rare anatomical dissertation on female breasts, constituting one of the first monographs on the subject. F. W. Mencel (1697-1773) had not only studied medicine, but also mathematics and physics; he would later serve as physician in his native Magdeburg as well as draw maps and architectural elevations in Prussia before going on to teach medicine in Halle and Zerbst (cf. Jöcher/A.). - In his introduction, the author states that humans at various ages favour different foods, but only at the youngest age can they draw nutrition from the human body alone, "for which purpose the female sex has been given two peculiar organs, which rise as prominences from the chests of young women and have been referred to by anatomists under the name of 'mammae', 'breasts', providing nourishment, called 'milk', to the tenderest of beings. These organs (as such) have not been hitherto dealt with frequently," for which reason he has chosen them as the subject of his thesis. Mencel elaborates on the classical derivation of the term 'mamma' before giving a description of the mammary glands, their different appearance in males and females, and their locale on the body. The author notes that there are usually two such glands, one right, the other opposite, on the left. The reason for this, says Mencel, is both functional and aesthetic: "for one thing, it is prettier that way, and for another, if one of them is injured or cannot produce sufficient milk, the other will serve" (p. 9). He goes on to discuss the varying size, shape, colour, and tissue density of breasts, "not the same in all women, but subject to their age, temper, and region": they develop some time before the first menstrual cycle, then expand (supposedly being bigger among married women than virgins), and are at their largest among pregnant women shortly before childbirth, while they tend to sag among the elderly - and even more so among the women of India and Senegal, where they are reported to droop to the stomach. Even in Europe, however, there are areas (says Mencel) where girls are so well-endowed that their breasts resemble pillows, indeed not little hills but enormous mountains. Mencel points out how it has often been observed that women with large breasts are more libidinous and more exposed to venereal disease, a fact reflective of the adage that "every excess turns into vice" (p. 11), then adds anecdotes about unusually buxom women from Utrecht, Elsinore and other places. Proceeding into anatomy proper, Mencel discusses the veins, arteries and nerves throughout the mammary glands, the milk ducts, and the nipples. Another chapter discusses the movement of the breasts during breathing, their "rise and subsequent fall, alternatingly, as we can observe in girls every day". The reason, he adds, "is not hard to guess, for as the breasts are situated on the thorax, so inhaling causes them to expand, and exhaling to constrict themselves", noting the health risks (including lung constriction) involved in the custom of breast binding (p. 26). After a final discussion of the human milk and lactation, Mencel concludes that much could be added on the subject, in particular about the inflammation of the breast, growths, breast cancer, excessive lactation, breast defects, and similar conditions, but his dissertation purposely omits these, as so many medical men have already written about them that to include them in his thesis would be like once more reheating leftover cabbage, and similarly likely to induce nausea, for which reason he will leave it at that. - Indeed, although Mencel's work is not absolutely the first monograph on the subject, nearly all previous studies had focused on diseases, specifically breast infection or cancer. Moritz Hoffmann had in 1662 published a 32-page dissertation "De naturali ac praeter naturali mammarum constitutione" containing an account of the healthy breast, but the book's second half was entirely concerned with pathology, while Johann Arnold Friderici's more general anatomical disputation "De constitutione mammarum" (Jena 1669) comprised a mere 18 pages. Mencel's dissertation, so frequently couched in a disarmingly coy tone, is thus the most extensive early monograph wholly devoted to the healthy female breast. It was reprinted in Franz Joseph Oberkamp's 1767 collection of excellent Leiden dissertations. - Browned throughout due to paper; final leaf somewhat wrinkled; old ink number annotated to title. Only three copies in the U.S. (National Library of Medicine; Cornell University; Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia).
¶ Waller 6462. Jöcher/Adelung IV, 1388. OCLC 14324433. Not in Blake or Wellcome.

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In contemporary colour

Nieuhof, Johannes. Die Gesantschaft der Ost-Indischen Geselschaft in den Vereinigten... Niederländern, an den Tartarischen Cham, und nunmehr auch Sinischen Keyser, verrichtet durch die Herren P. de Gojern und J. Keisern. Darinnen begriffen die aller märckwürdigste Sachen, welche ihnen, auf währender reyse vom 1655. Jahre bis in das 1657. aufgestoßen [...] Itzund zum zweiten mahle hier und dar verbessert, und um ein guhtes theil vermehret, heraus gegeben. Amsterdam, Jacob van Meurs, 1669. Amsterdam, Jacob van Meurs, 1669. Folio (300 x 190 mm). Title printed in red and black. With the same engravings of the first Dutch edition of 1665: coloured engraved title page with the Chinese Emperor seated on a throne, his left arm resting on a globe and a convicted criminal at his feet, full-page coloured engraved portrait of Nieuhof with engraved poem by Jan Vos below, large folding map of China, 34 double-page engraved plates and views of Batavia, Canton, Macao, Nankan, Nankin, Beijing, etc., and 110 half-page engraved views and plates of ceremonies, costumes, animals, fishes and plants in the text all in contemporary colour. Contemporary blindstamped pigskin over wooden boards.

EUR 85,000.00

German edition. Very scarce coloured copy of the most important embassy to China in the 17th century. Nieuhof's celebrated account of the first trade mission undertaken by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) to the Imperial Court and the Emperor of China is one of the very few non-Jesuit sources of the period. First published in Dutch by Jac. van Meurs at Amsterdam in 1665, it soon became highly popular and was translated not only into German, but also into French, English and Latin. Today, it is regarded as the definitive account of the Dutch Embassy to Peking. - Johannes Nieuhof entered the service of the VOC after having travelled in the service of the Dutch West India Company through the West Indies and Brazil from 1640 to 1649. After two years of travels through the East Indies as a steward of the VOC, he was sent on this Dutch embassy to the Chinese Imperial Court, probably also because he was known to be an accomplished draughtsman. The embassy, together with embassies from the Mogols, the Tibetans and the South Tartars, was received in Beijing after a five-month journey from Canton. The object of the embassy was to obtain free trade throughout China. As common, it also served as a research expedition, and several scientists were members. They studied, described and drew from nature everything interesting they passed en route. Thus, the present account is not only written in a lively manner, but also richly illustrated with large views of all ports and places visited, starting with Batavia, whence the expedition sailed, and containing numerous text-engravings illustrating in detail 17th-century Chinese life and customs, including a beautiful series of engravings of the flora and fauna, all after Nieuhof's drawings. Also included is the famous double-page engraving of the Porcelain Tower, a 15th-century pagoda of nine storeys demolished in 1856 during the Taiping Rebellion, but soon to be rebuilt with the help of a billion-yuan donation by the Chinese businessman Wang Jianlin in 2010.
¶ VD 17, 3:606778R. Tiele 801. Graesse IV, 675. Cordier 2346. Cox I, 325, L. Blussé & R. Falkenburg, Johan Nieuhof beelden van een China-reis 1655-1657 (1987).

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On the State of Medical Science and on the Diseases of Turkey

Oppenheim, Friedr[ich] Wilhelm. Ueber den Zustand der Heilkunde und über die... Volkskrankheiten in der europäischen und asiatischen Türkei. Ein Beitrag zur Kultur- und Sittengeschichte. Hamburg, Perthes & Besser, 1833. Hamburg, Perthes & Besser, 1833. 8vo. XII, 143, (1) pp. Contemp. marbled boards with black, sparsely gilt spine and giltstamped red spine label. All edges coloured yellow.

EUR 2,500.00

Only edition. - Rare account of the state of medical science in the Ottoman-ruled parts of Europe and Asia, especially Anatolia and the Balkans (Albania, Bosnia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Rumelia). While an introductory section treats the Turkish baths, hair dyeing, spring cleanses, hair removal, cosmetics and makeup, as well as toothpaste and toothbrushes, there are separate chapters on the general state of health, children's and adults' diseases, mental illnesses, and the state of surgery, as well as on the legal framework of practising medicine and medical training in Turkey. Subjects discussed include midwifery and childbirth, diet and cuisine, riding and gymnastics, fistfighting, dancing, and age patterns in the population; inoculation, hydrocephalus, measles and the whooping cough; abortion, animal magnetism among dervishes, medical uses of pulverised mummies, pederasty, aphrodisiacs, and opium (including the author's report of a self-experiment); insane asylums, fanaticism among dervishes, and the rarity of suicide among Turks; also, amputations, operations and popular dislike for nudity, eunuchs, circumcision, eyeglasses, etc. - Oppenheim (1799-1852), a native of Hamburg, studied medicine in Heidelberg, thereafter serving as physician in the Russian army (he saw action in 1829 during the Russian-Turkish War). Subsequently serving in the Turkish army, he made a tour of the Ottoman Empire before returning to Hamburg in 1832. During his nearly three years in the East he learned the Turkish language and was permitted to live and practice his skills among Turkish families. His account of the state of medicine and manners in the Ottoman Empire during the first half of the 19th century is one of the most reliable available. - Extremeties slightly bumped; front hinge chipped; interior insignificantly browned. Discarded from the Library of the Hamburg Council of Sanitation with their bookplate and title stamp (cancelled). No copies in auction records since 1950.
¶ Hirsch/Hübotter IV, 434. Schröder 2879, 10. Waller 14470. Engelmann (Bibl. med.-chir.) 414. OCLC 14837246. Not in Wellcome.

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First Edition of his Final Work

Paine, Thomas. The Cause of Yellow Fever; and the Means... of Preventing it in Places not yet Infected With it: Addressed to the Boards of Health in America. London, Clio Rickman, 1807. London, Clio Rickman, 1807. 13 pp. Disbound.

EUR 12,000.00

First edition of Thomas Paine's final work: his essay on the cause of yellow fever, written during the summer of 1805 while Paine was at New Rochelle. "As he explained, 'the fever breaking out in the city prevented my sending it for publication'. Although he had intended to let his house in New Rochelle 'to some New Yorker for the summer', the outbreak of fever in New York led to his spending most of the latter half of 1805 and the first half of 1806 at home" (Speck, A Political Biography of Thomas Paine, p. 190f.). Paine held that the illness (now known to be transmitted by the yellow fever mosquito) was generated by "the impure air or [pernicious] vapour [issuing] from the [...] new made earth, raised on the muddy and filthy part of the river". - One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Paine in 1776 authored the electrifying pamphlet "Common Sense", inspiring Americans to declare independence from Britain. The present treatise, first published in newspapers in 1806, bears witness to the strong scientific interests that Paine maintained beyond his many political activities. He died in 1809, his health having been failing for some time. - Very rare: WorldCat records only eight copies worldwide (seven in the U.S. and one in the National Library of Australia); no copy in British Library or COPAC. This copy removed from the Norwich & Norfolk United Medical Book Society (their stamp on title page), inscribed in a contemporary hand above the title: "Presented by the Hospital Medical Board".
¶ OCLC 228693752. Not in Wellcome, Waller or Osler.

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Shipwrecked off the coast of Oman: one of the earliest American descriptions of Arabia based on personal observation

Saunders, Daniel. A Journal of the Travels and Sufferings of... Daniel Saunders, Jun. a Mariner on board the ship Commerce, of Boston, Samuel Johnson, Commander, which was cast away near Cape Morebet, on the Coast of Arabia, July 10, 1792. Salem, MA, Thomas C. Cushing, 1794. Salem, MA, Thomas C. Cushing, 1794. 12mo. 128, 15, (1) pp. Contemp. calf with giltstamped red spine lable.

EUR 3,500.00

First edition. - Saunders was second mate on board the "Grand Sachem" out of Salem on a voyage to the Cape of Good Hope in 1791. He received a discharge from that vessel's captain and transferred to the ship "Commerce" at Isle de France. The journal records a disaster off the coast of Arabia, and desperate wanderings in that country. Of the seventeen white persons aboard, only eight survived the ordeal. The fifteen-page appendix contains a general description of Arabia. This is the first edition, and would seem to be one of the earliest American descriptions of Arabia based on personal observation. - Variously browned and fingerstained throughout; several corner or edge flaws (with slight loss to text on p. 23f.); pp. 41-44 loose. Provenance: ownership "Danforth Keyes his book 1795, 3 shillings " on front flyleaf. This appears to be the Colonel Danforth Keyes (1740-1826) whose "Danvers Regiment" fought in the Battle of Lexington and throughout the Revolutionary War, and who became a personal friend of General George Washington (correspondence preserved at the Library of Congress). At 16 he fought with his father in the French and Indian War, where his father was killed, and with Amherst in the captures of Isle aux Noix, St. Johns, and Montreal, now in Canada.
¶ Macro 2014. Evans 22136. Sabin 77172. Xavier Beguin Billecocq, "Oman", p. 154f.

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In forty-six languages

[Type specimens]. Regi Gustavo regis federici filio Suecis Gothis Vandalis... Imperanti praesides et alumni Collegii Christiano nomini propagando quod linguarum experimenta publicantibus indulgentissime adfuerit interumque ad officinae librariae cognitionem lyceo successerit honoris ergo litterarium formarum omnigenarum specimen laeti libentes dedicant [...]. [Rome], (typis Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, March 1784). [Rome], (typis Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, March 1784). Small folio (252 x 336 mm). (1), 23, (1) ff. (lacking first blank). With engraved medallion headpiece to first leaf. Modern marbled boards with giltstamped green title label to upper cover.

EUR 4,500.00

Only edition. - A set of congratulatory poems in forty-six languages to honour the visit of Gustaf III of Sweden to Rome. This multilingual album of type specimens is a remarkable showcase for the typographical versatility of the Propaganda Press in the later 18th century, shortly before the printing-house was "despoiled unmercifully" (Updike I, 183) in 1798 by the French Directory. Includes versions in Arabic, Armenian, Chaldaic, Chinese, Croatian, Classical and Modern Greek, Hebrew, Malabar, Persian, Serbian, Syrian, Tibetan, and Turkish. - Some browning and foxing throughout; a few edge flaws (with occasional loss of corner) repaired. A wide-margined copy. Rare; OCLC lists eight copies worldwide (six in U.S. research libraries).
¶ OCLC 20273705.

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Unique: an early investigation into the psychology of expression

Vittadini, Giovanni. Delle fisionomie dissertazione inaugurale. Pavia, Fratelli Fusi, May 1852. Pavia, Fratelli Fusi, May 1852. 8vo. 28 pp. Original green printed wrappers.

EUR 650.00

Very rare, curious medical dissertation on physiognomy - in particular, how emotions and traits of character express themselves in the human face. The study of physiognomy is mainly associated with Charles Le Brun and Johann Kaspar Lavater in earlier centuries (and their approach resounds in the present dissertation), but it is well worth remembering that Charles Darwin made his principal contribution to human psychology with his book on "The Expression of Emotion in Animals and Men" as late as 1872, a study of genetically determined aspects of behaviour. - Some slight waterstaining to the top corner of the first few leaves. Apparently printed with a minimal press-run: no other copy traceable in library or collection catalogues internationally.

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