In Constantinople with Schachmann: album on ebru paper
1

Album amicorum of Leonhard Lang from Durach (Bavaria). Mainly Constantinople, but including Bursa (1), Iznik (1), Komárom (1), Prague (1), and Vienna (3), 1587-1593. Mainly Constantinople, but including Bursa (1), Iznik (1), Komárom (1), Prague (1), and Vienna (3), 1587-1593. 8vo (140 x 95 mm). Friendship album. German, Latin, Greek, French, and Italian handwriting almost entirely on Turkish marbled or ghost paper (ebru). 213 leaves comprising 114 entries and 24 illustrations in gilt and colours (22 of which show coats of arms). Contemporary Turkish calf, covers inlaid with giltstamped floral ornamentation to corners and centre with two pendants.

EUR 65,000.00

The owner of this exceptionally interesting friendship album, Leonhard (Lienhart) Lang, a native of Durach in southern Bavaria, was a member of one of the several embassies to the Ottoman Porte sent by Emperor Rudolph II, though is is not known in which capacity he accompanied the mission. Appropriately, the entries in his album are mostly by diplomats, military officers, merchants, translators and highly-placed officials in the Imperial service, such as Jakob von Mollart (b. 1565), later governor of what is today Upper Austria; Ulrich Reutter (b. 1566), steward of the Imperial War Exchequer (his own friendship album is kept at the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, Hs 121.165), or the later chancellor of King Christian IV of Denmark, Jacob Ulfeldt (1567-1630). Remarkably, contributors also include several well-known Middle Eastern travellers such as Georg Christoph Fernberger (b. 1557), the Augsburg canon Otto von Rietheim, a native of Eichstätt who would die on Sinai in 1589, and the great patron and collector Bartholomaeus Schachmann (1559-1614) who would go on to serve as mayor of Danzig (his own album was recently the subject of a major exhibition at the Orientalist Museum of Qatar; cf. below). Schachmann's humanist contribution, "written for the sake of friendship and memory", praises virtue as man's truly immortal quality: "Vivit post funera virtus". Other notable names, some of which are known to scholarship from other friendship albums compiled in the Middle East, include: Brauchitsch von Brauschdorf, Castelletto, Derflinger, Egarter, Einsiedel, Fuchs von Birnbach, Geyer von Osterberg, Gleichen-Tonna, Hayden zu Dorff, Herter von Herteneck, Kinsperger, Kokors, Kollonitsch, Löbl, Mican von Klinstein und Rostock, Mitrovic, Nostitz von Schochau, Pollner, Radotzky, Raisinger, Rauschenberger, Reitgartler, Rindsmaul, Ritzansky, Rotenhan, Spiller, Steinbach, Tettauer von Tettau, Weiss, Wolffskeel von Reichenberg, and Wostrowitz. - The Turkish flavour of the album is perfectly captured by its uncommonly rich assembly of Turkish decorated papers, known as ebru. These were largely unknown in Europe until they began to be imported in the 16th century and were especially favoured for inclusion in the alba amicorum that had become fashionable among students and travellers. As they were an expensive enhancement to a volume, only a few leaves were usually included. There was a street in Constantinople that specialised in their sale, and it is likely that Lang bought the paper for his album there. The papers are of two general types: either those in which the untreated paper had been dipped in several colours to produce marbling, or the highly attractive pages with a ghostly floral or ornamental design that had been applied with the help of thin leather stencils. Part of the reason for their high cost was the fact that after manufacture the leaves were treated with a solution of animal and vegetable bindes to stabilise and seal the paper, which was then left to mature for several years. - The present specimens include floral, grass, and half-moon designs (among many others). Some of the marbled examples are signed in gold paint by the manufacturer. While most of the miniatures show coats of arms, there are two charming ones with oriental motifs, showing an odalisque and a veiled Turkish lady. - The spine and covers of this pretty oriental binding have been professionally repaired (unobtrusively restoring some loss to the upper cover's top corner as well as a small portion of the lower cover). Traces of moisture affecting most of the volume, not always conspicuously, though one armorial painting is smudged. Some fraying to edges; one a few leaves have been removed, and one leaf is torn through (with loss to the entry). A charming survival.
¶ Not in: Röhricht, Deutsche Pilgerreisen nach dem heiligen Lande (1900). For Schachmann and his own album amicorum cf. the exhibition catalogue: Bartholomäus Schachmann (1559-1614) - The Art of Travel (Milan/Doha 2012).

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With entries by Celsius and Doppelmayr
2

Album Amicorum of the Nuremberg classical scholar Nikolaus Weber, with... 51 entries by scholars, scientists, and artists of the time, including Andreas Celsius, Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, and Christoph Jacob Trew. Nuremberg and Altdorf, 1717-1749. Nuremberg and Altdorf, 1717-1749. Oblong 8vo. 179 ff. with 51 entries and Weber's autogr. note of ownership on fol. 2r. Contemp. brown calf with richly gilt spine and covers. Brocade endpapers. All edges gilt.

EUR 25,000.00

Unique scholars' album of the philologist Nikolaus Weber (1699-1751), headmaster of the Nuremberg Holy Ghost school, with entries by scholars mainly based at the Universities of Nuremberg and Altdorf. One of the most important among the contributors to this volume, almost all of which are biographically recorded, is the Swedish astronomer Andreas Celsius (1701-44), who on 22 July 1733 penned these lines: "Problema: Unam eandemq[ue] theologiam et religionem per universum terrarum orbem propagare. - Resolutio: Doceatur ubiq[ue] gentium Philosophia certa et solida" (Problem: How to spread the same theology and religion throughout the entire world? - Solution: Teach all peoples a certain and solid philosophy). On behalf of the Swedish king, Celsius had visited the principal observatories of Europe in 1732/33 to form an opinion of the current developments in astronomy. His scientific "Grand Tour" had also led him to Nuremberg, where he had spent three months at the home of the astronomer Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (see below) and had regularly participated in the specialist discussions hosted by the physician Christoph Jacob Trew (see below). 1733 is also the year of Celsius's "316 Observationes de Lumine Boreali", the first comprehensive treatise on the Northern Lights, published by Endter in Nuremberg. That year, Celsius also performed the first exact geographical measurement of the town's dimensions. - Celsius's host Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (1677-1750), known for his 1750 "Atlas coelestis", contributed his entry many years before Celsius: on 17 July 1717, he dedicated a quotation from Seneca ("Animum sursum vocant initia sua", Epist. 79). The two opposite pages by Celsius and Doppelmayr are connected by a caption (by one of the two scientists): "Sic pagina jungit amicos" (Thus a page links friends). - Another important entry is that of the physician and botanist Christoph Jakob Trew (1695-1769), who had studied medicine in Altdorf and then undertook a three-year tour through Germany, Switzerland, France, and the Netherlands. In 1720 he settled in Nuremberg as a general practicioner and became a member of the most important scientific academies; his library, encompassing more than 34,000 volumes, was considered the greatest collection of naturalist literature of its time. No less important was Trew's autograph and correspondence collection with its natural-scientific focus, containing more than 19,000 letters by polymaths from the early Renaissance to Enlightenment (including Albrecht von Haller, Conrad Gesner, and Lorenz Heister). Today, Trew is frequently associated with his principal botanical work, "Plantae selectae" (1750-73). - For many entries, Weber later added the date of the contributor's death (if he outlived them), which in several cases offers a more precise date than hitherto available. - Other contributors include Siegmund Jakob Apin (writer, pedagogue, and classical scholar, 1693-1732), Andreas Christian Eschenbach (theologian and classical scholar, 1663-1722), Johann Wilhelm Feuerlein (theologian, 1689-1766), Christoph Fürer von Haimendorf (poet, 1663-1732), Gottfried Engelhart Geiger (pedagogue, 1681-1748), Johann Jakob Hartmann (theologian, 1671-1728), Georg Jeremias Hofmann (teacher of oriental languages and theologian, 1670-1732), Johann David Köhler (historian, 1684-1755), Michael Friedrich Lochner von Hummelstein (physician and polymath, 1662-1720), Bernhard Walther Marperger (theologian and Lutheran poet, 1682-1746), Jonas Meldercreutz (mathematician and bibliophile, 1713-85), Gustav Philipp Mörl (theologian and librarian, 1673-1750), Johann Heinrich Müller (physicist, astronomer, and mathematician, 1671-1731), Joachim Negelein (theologian and classical scholar, 1675-1749), Johann Heinrich Schulze (physician and classical scholar, 1687-1744), Christian Gottlieb Schwarz (classical scholar and historian, 1675-1751), Gottfried Thomasius (polymath and physician, 1660-1746), Johann Siegmund Wernberger von Wernberg (jurist, 1678-1737), Justin Wetzel (preacher and professor of history and politics, 1667-1727), Georg Karl Wölker (jurist, 1660-1723), and Johann Wülfer (classical scholar and professor of church history, 1651-1724). - Decorative binding insignificantly rubbed, otherwise splendidly preserved autograph album of enormous value for the history of science. Autographs by Celsius, Trew, and Doppelmayr are of the utmost rarity. - Detailed list available upon request.

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A Stettin merchant's education
3

[Album amicorum]. Fautoribus patronis atque amicis offert A. Barthold. Stettin, Berlin, Hamburg and other places, 1767-1782. Stettin, Berlin, Hamburg and other places, 1767-1782. Large oblong 8vo. 53 written and ca. 50 blank ff. with a total of ca. 50 entries. Coloured title page on vellum, 4 armorial miniatures and 5 coloured illustrations; one pen drawing in red ink. Contemporary calf binding with spine label, covers and spine elaborately gilt, all edges gilt.

EUR 7,500.00

A very charming album. The owner, Andreas Barthold, was born in 1752 into a wealthy merchant family from Stettin. He attended the school of mathematics established by pastor Johann Julius Hecker in 1747, which he left at the age of about 16 years, and was further educated at the Hamburg Academy of Commerce, founded in 1768. In 1773 he returned to Stettin, where he worked as a merchant, became a citizen in 1778, and married the following year. After this, his trail disappears. - Most of the entries in this album are from teachers and classmates at the Realschule in Berlin; another group of entries is by Hamburg merchants. Apart from the identifiable contributions (some 15 entries), the importance of this album lies in its very appealing colour illustrations, some of which are by known artists: this includes a view of a channel with ships by Christian Gottfried Mathes (1738-ca 1805), dated 1768, and a coastal landscape by Johann Carl Wilhelm Rosenberg (1737-1810), dated Stettin 1781. - Slight chipping to spine label; lower cover rubbed; bumped and chafed. Several leaves have been removed. Occasional slight staining and browning; very attractively bound.

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Rare news of Albuquerque's conquests in the East
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[Albuquerque, Afonso de] - Manuel I, King of Portugal. Epistola potentissimi ac invictissimi Emanuelis Regis Portugaliae et... Algarbiorum etc. de victoriis habitis in India et Malacha. (Vienna, Hieronymus Vietor & Johannes Singriener, 16. IX. 1513). (Vienna, Hieronymus Vietor & Johannes Singriener, 16. IX. 1513). 4to. (8) pp. Modern brown half calf over marbled boards with gilt spine title.

EUR 48,000.00

A highly important letter by King Manuel to the Pope Leo X, reporting on the great victories of Don Afonso de Albuquerque in India, especially the conquest of Malacca in 1511. Albuquerque (1453-1515) advanced the three-fold Portuguese grand scheme of combatting Islam and securing the trade of spices and the establishment of a vast Portuguese Asian empire. He was the first European to enter the Arabian Gulf, led the first voyage by a European fleet into the Red Sea, and was also the first westerner to reach the coast of South-Eastern Arabia. This very rare Viennese edition (the fourth altogether) was printed in the same year as the original Rome edition. The preface states that the text from which it was set was sent from Rome to Georg Slatkonia, Bishop of Vienna. "Of this edition, copies must have been so rare even as early as the late 16th century, that neither Andreas and Franz Schott nor Pistorius had knowledge of it. Necessarily, this increases the value of the present edition" (Denis, p. 83). - Some dampstaining in the margins; lower edge shows slight paper flaws. Old ownership in ink, dated 1600, in margin of final page. Latterly in the library of Swedish antiquarian bookdealer Björn Löwendahl (1941-2013).
¶ VD 16, P 4374. Denis p. 82, no. 86. Not in Adams or BM-STC German.

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Afonso de Albuquerque's conquest of the Molucca Islands
5

Argensola, Bartolome Leonardo de. Conquista de las islas Malucas. [Madrid, Alonso Martin, 1609]. [Madrid, Alonso Martin, 1609]. Small folio (222 x 296 mm). (12), 407 (but: 411; 316-319 numbered twice), (1) pp. Engraved figurative title (lower border cropped with loss of imprint, as common). 18th century red gilt morocco, boards with richly gilt floral décor, gilt edges of covers, richly gilt spine in seven compartments with raised bands, black title label, speckled edges. Marbled endpapers. In modern custom-made chemise of auburn cloth and a cloth case with spine in red morocco and five raised bands, title in gold.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition of the author's principal work, very rare, especially with the engraved title. The book mostly discusses the Philippines and the Moluccas, but also deals with China, Java, Sumatra, and Ceylon, with references to "los estrechos Persico y Arabico" (p. 12). The Portuguese naval commander Afonso de Albuquerque had conquered Malacca in the early 16th century, several decades after Arab merchants had introduced Islam to the islands. - "Few narratives are written with so much judgment and elegance [...] One of the most important works for the history of the Philippine islands [...] The book also contains matter relating to Sir Francis Drake and American voyages, and to the history of Spanish and Portuguese exploration in the Indies" (Cox). "Very lucidly and elegantly written" (cf. Ebert). "Copies with the engraved title are rare, and still more difficult to find are copies in which the printer's name and date of printing are preserved at its bottom" (cf. Salvá). "For the compilation of this work, the author had the command of all authentic manuscript relations, which were either in official custody, or in private hands, besides the testimony of such persons then living as had been eyewitnesses to any part of what he delivers" (Griffin). - Boards somewhat worn and rubbed, a few spots, some small cracks in the joints, slight defects at head and foot of spine, but altogether a beautifully preserved copy. Final leaf laid down, some small, inconspicuously repaired wormholes near headlines. Some occasional foxing and browning; pages 65-68 with a remargined flaw at the edge (no loss to text). Provenance: Engraved bookplate of Jeremiah Hill (early 18th century). Later in the famous library of Sir Thomas Phillips (1792-1872, with shelfmark and inscription "MHC" in pencil). Sold at Sotheby's June 23, 1988 for £3,800 (lot 110); latterly in the private collection of the Swedish antiquarian bookdealer Björn Löwendahl (1941-2013).
¶ Palau 16089. Cat. Nederl. Scheepv. Mus. 494. Cox I, 284. Brunet I, 419. Ebert 994. Graesse I, 193. Griffin/Ph. 23. Penney 304. Maggs (Spanish Books) 54a. Pardo de Tavera 121. Reiss & Auvermann 40 (Travel & Exploration) 408. Sabin 1946. Salvá 3349.

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First printed record of Abu Dhabi and Dubai
6

Balbi, Gasparo. Viaggio dell'Indie Orientali. Venice, Camillo Borgominieri, 1590. Venice, Camillo Borgominieri, 1590. 8vo (100 x 147 mm). (16), 159 (but: 149), (23) ff. With woodcut title device, woodcut foliated initials and woodcut navigational diagram on fol. 144. Contemporary full vellum with handwritten spine title (traces of ties).

EUR 150,000.00

First edition of this travelogue by the Venetian state jeweller and merchant, containing much information useful to the contemporary merchant, including rates of exchange, duties, travel routes and distances as well as a detailed account of the pearling grounds in the Arabian Gulf. As only recent research by B. J. Slot (cf. below) has revealed, Balbi was "the first writer to record the place names between al-Qatif and Oman that are still in use today" (UAE: A New Perspective, 74). Thus, the present volume constitutes the earliest printed source for the history of the UAE, Qatar, and Oman. Balbi's "interest in the area lay in the pearls that came from the oyster beds of which the most extensive are those in the waters around al-Bahrayn, those off the Qatar peninsula and especially those in the western waters of Abu Dhabi. Either taking his information first-hand from a local individual or using a navigator’s list, Balbi recorded place-names along the coast of modern Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of Oman [...] he is the first to refer to many of these places using the names by which they are known today" (G. King, cf. below). According to Slot, "practically none of the names of places on the coast between Qatar and Ras al Khaima occur in other sources before the end of the eighteenth century" (36). The present work is also of the utmost significance for "includ[ing] the first European record of the Bani Yas tribe" (UAE yearbook 2005, 46) - the first printed mention of the largest and most important tribe of the Arabian Peninsula, from which emerged both the Al Nahyan and the Al Maktoum dynasties, today's ruling families of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. - Rare: the present original edition is recorded in no more than some 20 copies worldwide (only two in the U.S., according to OCLC); most libraries hold only the Rome 1962 reprint or the microfiche edition (New Haven 1974). An Arabic translation was published in 2008 (OCLC 298925737); an English translation has not been prepared to this day. - Contemporary accession number "2953" in ink and 20th century pencil notes on flyleaf. Bookplate of Jean-Paul Morin (b. 1946), former director of the Saatchi & Saatchi and Publicis agencies, grandson of the painter Jean Sala, and himself well known as a traveller.
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 3930. BM-STC Italian 68. Howgego I, B7. Cordier Japonica 112. Brunet I, 618. Graesse I, 279. Goldsmiths' 251. Kress library of economic literature S 276. Ibrahim Al Abed, Peter Hellyer. United Arab Emirates: A New Perspective. London 2001. Slot, B. J. The Arabs of the Gulf, 1602-1784. Leidschendam, published with the support of the Cultural Foundation Abu Dhabi, 1993. Geoffrey King. Delmephialmas and Sircorcor: Gasparo Balbi, Dalmâ, Julfâr and a problem of transliteration. In: Arabian archeology and epigraphy 17 (2006) 248-252. United Arab Emirates yearbook 2005 by Ibrahim Al-Abed, Paula Vine, Peter Hellyer. London 2005. The Heritage Library, Qatar, p. 17. Not in Adams. Carter, Robert A. Sea of Pearls, p. 79.

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la chère bande à Godot
7

Beckett, Samuel, Irish writer and Nobel laureate (1906-1989). 19 autograph pieces (lettercards, picture postcards, calling cards... and [1] letter] signed ("Sam Beckett" or "Sam"). Paris, London, Algeria, Morocco, 1972-1989. Paris, London, Algeria, Morocco, 1972-1989. Altogether appr. 14 pp. Various formats. With 10 autogr. envelopes.

EUR 12,500.00

To the German actor Stefan Wigger, who had played the character of Vladimir in Beckett's Berlin production of "Waiting for Godot" in 1975. During the following years, Wigger had sent him congratulations, books or messages of various content, and Beckett answered him in a friendly way. - "[...] Bien reçu hier les deux livres dont je me promets beaucoup de plaisir et votre gentille carte de voeux. Je suis très touché que vous ayez pensé à mon anniversaire et vous remercie de tout coeur. Je pense souvent aux amis du Schiller et leur dis à tous un grand Grüss Gott! [...]" (13. IV. 1972). - "[...] Retour de voyage je trouve avec le beau livre du cher vieux Fontane votre gentille carte de voeux [...]" (23. IV. 1974). - "[...] Als Stock absagte, wollte ich Sie. Mir wurde geantwortet, Sie seien nicht mehr frei. Jetzt ist es mit Fernau abgemacht. Ich bedaure sehr [...]" (18. VIII. 1975). - "[...] Un grand merci pour votre toi-toi-toi. Le travail ici s'est bien passé. Retour à Paris cette semaine [...]" (10. X. 1976). - "[...] Many thanks for your card from Dublin. Hope all went well & no casualties [...]" (25. IV. 1977). - "[...] J'ai peur que le théâtre ne m'ait fait ses adieux. Moi qui aimerais tant pouvoir jouer encore une fois avec la chère bande à Godot. Bolli, Klaus, Carl, embrasse-les bien fort à ma place [...]" (12. IV. 1980; Becket refers to the "Godot"-performers in Berlin, Horst Bollmann, Klaus Herm and Carl Raddatz). - "[...] I feel my theatre days are over - as director at least. TV perhaps not yet quite. I often think of you all & of our times together - with fondness & nostalgia [...]" (6. IV. 1983).

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Unknown Beethoven sketchleaf
8

Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). Autograph sketchleaf to op. 117, "König Stephan" ("Ungarns... erster Wohltäter"). [Teplitz, 1811]. [Teplitz, 1811]. 2 pages in ink and pencil on 16-stave paper (322 x 234 mm), with two folds. Formerly sewn on the left margin, leaving three punched holes. Accompanied by two autograph letters signed from Friedrich Wilhelm Künzel in Leipzig to Fred M. Steele of Chicago, dated July 16th, 1886, discussing the acquisition and certifying the authenticity of the present leaf.

EUR 450,000.00

A densely-used two-sided autograph sketchleaf containing music to opus 117, "König Stephan" or "Ungarns erster Wohltäter" ("Hungary's first Benefactor"), the front showing, among other motifs, the opening cello/bassoon line for the beginning of the first movement chorus, "Ruhend von seinen Thaten" (Andante maestoso e con moto, C major), and the verso with material from the end of the movement, all over with various freely written passages in ink and pencil, mostly on single staves, some with text underneath, containing many holograph corrections and instances where ink is written over pencil. - The present sketchleaf, apparently hitherto unknown to scholarship, belongs to a book of sketches that Beethoven used while writing his stage music "König Stephan" in 1811. Beethoven created his own book from various paper on hand and used it while at the spa in Teplitz from late 1810 into mid 1811. He finished "König Stephan" between 20 August and mid-September 1811. The sketches are of the first chorus (after the overture). The musical play was commissioned for the opening of the new theatre in Pest along with "The Ruins of Athens". First performed on 9 February 1812, it was published as op. 117. King Stephen I founded Hungary in 1000. Emperor Francis I of Austria commissioned the new theatre, and Beethoven was chosed as the composer to honour the occasion of the opening. The Austrian Emperor was honouring Hungary's loyalty, thus the subject matter on a text by August von Kotzebue. - The Beethoven-Haus in Bonn holds four other sketches from this sketchbook (viewable in their digital online archive, as entries HCB Bsk 2/50, 3/51, 4/52, and Mh 81), all of which share the same three holes punched on the left-side margin of the present sketch. We would like to thank Dr. Carmelo Comberiati, professor of Music History at Manhattanville College, for his assistance in cataloguing this lot. - Provenance: Friedrich Wilhelm Künzel, Leipzig, before 1886; Collection of Fred M. Steele, Chicago, purchased from the above, 1886. Offered in the "Collection of Important Autographs in the estate of Mrs. Ella P. Steele, widow of Mr. Fred M. Steele" (Philadelphia, 1918). Acquired from the purchaser's descendants, last located in Greenwich, CT.
¶ For an in-depth discussion of the pages this sketch belongs to, cf. Douglas Johnson, Alan Tyson and Robert Winter, "The Beethoven Sketchbooks", p. 201-206.

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The inventor of the telephone to the inventor of wireless telegraphy
9

Bell, Alexander Graham, eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator (1847-1922). Typed letter signed. Beinn Bhreagh, Victoria County, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, 9. X. 1902. Beinn Bhreagh, Victoria County, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, 9. X. 1902. 4to. ¾ p. Addendum.

EUR 18,500.00

The inventor of the telephone sends a telegraph message to Marconi in the mid-Atlantic, less than a year after Marconi himself had sent the first trans-Atlantic message from England to Canada (12 December 1901) and two months before the first such signal was to be sent from Canada to England (5 December 1902). To the "Manager | Marconi Wireless Telegraph Station | Sydney, C. B.", i. e. R. Norman Vyvyan: "I see by the newspapers that Mr Marconi is on his way across the Atlantic, and that he expects to receive messages from his Cape Breton Island Station. If this is so, I should be very glad if you would send him a message on the Atlantic inviting him to visit me in my Cape Breton home [...]". - Accompanied by a page from Leslie's Weekly for 2 September 1902 containing an account by Everett Wilkes of visits to both Vyvyan and Bell. Of his visit to Glace Bay he writes: "Mr Marconi was absent at the time of my visit, but his personal friend and chief of staff, Mr Vyvoyan [sic], to whom I presented my letters of introduction, received me cordially and talked freely on the great subject which he and his employer have nearest at heart. I was allowed to take pictures of the exterior of the station, but not of the interior of the receiving room, the most important part of the plant. During Mr Marconi's absence nobody is permitted to enter this apartment except Mr Vyvoyan [...] Mr Vyvoyan stated that the delay in commencing commercial operations was due to Mr Marconi's anxiety to have his system thoroughly tested before offering it to the public'. Our reporter then made a call on Professor Graham Bell 'which required a not very long journey to Glace Bay [...] There, for the last five years, during the summer months, he has been experimenting, and the goal to which he is looking forward is the construction of a dirigible flying-machine [...] It is perhaps an unfortunate thing for science that Professor Bell is now a wealthy man; otherwise he might work a little harder' [...]". - On headed paper, light dust-staining and creasing at right-hand side.

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Exposing the African slave trade to the Anglo-Saxon world
10

Berlioux, Etienne Félix. The Slave-Trade in Africa in 1872. Principally carried... on for the supply of Turkey, Egypt, Persia, and Zanzibar. London, (R. Barrett & Sons for) Edward Marsh, 1872. London, (R. Barrett & Sons for) Edward Marsh, 1872. Small 8vo. VIII, 64 pp. Later blue cloth with giltstamped spine title.

EUR 1,500.00

Abridged English version of the author's more extensive treatise "La Traite Orientale: histoire des chasses à la homme, organisées en Afrique depuis 15 ans pour les marchés de l'Orient", aimed at exposing the African slave trade to the Anglo-Saxon world. "The author distinguishes three principal areas of man-hunting: the first is the from the Sudan and the Valley of the Nile to Morocco; the second, the Valley of the Nile itself; the third, the eastern coasts of Africa. Sales concentrate on three markets: the Mediterranean borders of Egypt; the island of Zanzibar; and finally, Arabia" (cf. Gay). E. F. Berlioux (1828-1910) was Professor of History at the Lyceum of Lyon.
¶ Ibrahim-Hilmy 65. OCLC 5664313. Cf. Gay 153. Not in Wilson.

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The Sultans, illustrated
11

Boissard, Jean Jacques. Vitae et icones sultanorum Turcicorum, principum Persarum aliorumque... illustrium heroum heroinarumque ab Osmane usque ad Mahometem II. Frankfurt am Main, Theodor de Bry, 1596. Frankfurt am Main, Theodor de Bry, 1596. 4to. 5 ff., 356 (but: 353), (5) pp. Engraved title page and 47 full-page portrait engravings by Jean Jacques Boissard (all in the pagination); numerous woodcut vignettes and initials. 19th century vellum, bound to contemporary style, with ms. spine title.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition of this work, the high artistic quality of which is due to the participation of Georg (Joris) Hoefnagel. "This beautiful book contains portraits of the Sultans from Osman I to Murad III and also contains portraits of Scanderbeg and his family, Tammas Khuli Khan, Barbarossa, Roxelana thw wife of Suleiman the Magnificent, and pashas of the Ottoman Empire (Cario etc.) [...] The portraits were engraved by Theodore de Bry after drawings by Hoefnagel who apparently took them from medals brought from Constantinople. The portraits are circular within elaborate borders composed of fruits, animals and grotesques within a strapwork frame" (Blackmer). "The text is a very diligent compilation and treats the Hungarian wars extensively. But the principal interest in this book must lie in the masterful portraits and unique borders showing flowers, insects, birds and other animals" (cf. Apponyi). "Ce volume rare et assez recherché" (Brunet). - Several mispaginations. A very slightly browned copy showing barely any foxing. Some 18 portraits are rather deftly coloured in places. A fine, well-preserved copy of this rare work.
¶ VD 16, B 6463, B 6465-66 & L 2459. Adams B 2345. Blackmer 159. IA 121.336. Cioranescu 4269. Göllner 2185. Apponyi 1923. Hollstein IV, 50, 207-254. Graesse I, 475. Lipperheide I, 1401 (Lb 10). Brunet I, 1609.

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12

Braun, Wernher von, German rocket engineer (1912-1977). Signed and inscribed photograph. No place, c. 1962. No place, c. 1962. 265:204 mm.

EUR 1,500.00

Black-and-white studio portrait of v. Braun in a suit jacket before a curtain, signed on the image. - Accompanied by a letter from Bart J. Slattery Jr. at NASA in Huntsville, Alabama, fulfilling the request for a signed photograph.

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A week before the death of her sister Anne
13

Brontë, Charlotte, English novelist (1816-1855). Autograph letter signed. [Haworth], 21. V. 1849. [Haworth], 21. V. 1849. 8vo. 2 pp. on bifolium.

EUR 45,000.00

A poignant, unpublished letter by the author of "Jane Eyre", written on mourning paper (after the recent deaths of her sister Emily and her brother Branwell) to her close friend Ellen Nussey in Birstall near Leeds, but a week before the death of her last remaining sibling, Anne (author of the novels "Agnes Grey" and "The Tenant of Wildfell Hall"). She recounts her sister's "difficulty of breathing" and makes plans for shopping together in York while acknowledging that the project resembles "a dreary mockery", considering her sister's state of health: "Dear Ellen / Your offer of doing anything for us in Leeds is very kind - but I think we had better leave our little purchases till we get to York - Mrs Henry Clapham was here yesterday - she recommmended two milliners[,] a Mrs Cook and a Miss Peach - she preferred the latter - her house is in the same street as the Inn where we shall put up. I wish it seemed less like a dreary mockery in us to talk of buying bonnets etc. Anne was very ill yesterday - she had difficulty of breathing all day - even when sitting perfectly still - to-day she seems better again. I long for the moment to come when the experiment of the sea-air will be tried. Will it do her good? I cannot tell - I can only wish. / We will leave all other topics till we meet. / Yours truly / C Brontë". - As Anne Brontë's illness had grown worse (she suffered from consumption, as did all her siblings), it had been suggested that she be taken to Scarborough on the North Sea, and arrangements were made with Ellen Nussey, who was to accompany Charlotte and Anne. Indeed, Anne died only three days after arriving in Scarborough and was buried there. - The blurb to the "Letters of Charlotte Brontë" asserts that "[d]espite Charlotte Brontë's entreaty to her lifelong friend Ellen Nussey to burn her correspondence, very little seems to have been destroyed", and happily, most of what has survived is now published. The present letter, however, was considered lost, and only the envelope has survived at the Brontë Parsonage Museum in Haworth (property of the Brontë Society, 104/33.5). From the extant correspondence it could be inferred that the letter "no doubt [was about] making the final arrangements for meeting E[llen] N[ussey] in Leeds" (Letters 2, p. 213), and the present rediscovery permits us greatly to expand upon this conjecture. The helpful Mrs Henry Clapham mentioned is Mary Clapham, née Robinson; her husband was a brother of Robert Clapham, fiancé to Ellen's sister Ann (and their brother John was a partner of the Nusseys in Brookroyd Mill). In spite of Anne's increasing weakness, the sisters had planned a brief shopping tour of York: Charlotte had even prepared a shopping list that included a bonnet, corsets, black silk stockings, a dress, gloves, and a neck ribbon (cf. Letters 2, p. 210; ultimately, they would spend £2. 14s. 6d. on bonnets only), and it is to this end that they sought Mrs Clapham's advice. The "Gazetteer and Directory of the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire" for 1840 lists the milliner Jane Peach at 24 Coney Street in York (while the milliners Cooke & Watson were located at number 3), confirming that it was indeed, as W. Gérin has already "argued persuasively", the "select George Hotel in Coney Street [number 19], not the Old George Inn in Whip-ma-Whap-ma Gate" (Letters 2, p. 212) where the three stayed at York. - Traces of folds; gutter professionally reinforced. Some insignificant ink smudging; the name "Clapham" is somewhat rubbed. Ink annotation "168" at upper left of first page in the recipient's hand.
¶ Cf. Margaret Smith (ed.), The Letters of Charlotte Brontë, vol. 2: 1848-1951 (Oxford, Clarendon, 2000), p. 213 ("missing letter").

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Adieu donc, P. Cézanne
14

Cézanne, Paul, French painter (1839-1906). Autograph letter signed. Jas-de-Bouffan, 5. VII. 1895. Jas-de-Bouffan, 5. VII. 1895. 8vo. 1½ pp. Framed.

EUR 35,000.00

An extraordinary letter in which Cézanne breaks with his old friend Francisco Oller, following a misunderstanding which occurred en route to Aix. Searching for Cézanne in the third class wagons of the train, Oller was unable to find his companion, as Cézanne had taken his seat in a wagon of the first class. Frustrated, Oller took the next train to Aix and there dared to lecture Cézanne, who retorted with this letter: "Le ton d'autorité que vous prenez à mon égard depuis quelque temps, et la façon un peu trop cavalière dont vous vous êtes permis d'en user envers moi au moment de votre départ ne sont pas fait pour me plaire. Je suis résolu à ne pas vous recevoir dans la maison de mon père. Les leçons que vous vous permettez de me donner, auront ainsi porté tout leur fruit. Adieu donc, P. Cézanne" ("The authoritative tone which you have taken towards me for some time now, and the overly cavalier attitude you have taken towards me since your departure, have displeased me. I have therefore decided not to receive you at my father's house. The lesson which I have learned from you has thus borne its fruit. Goodbye then, P. Cézanne").

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when in the dead of the night the thought comes across me how I have been treated
15

Darwin, Charles, English naturalist (1809-1882). Autograph letter signed. Down, Beckenham, Kent, 13. I. 1881. Down, Beckenham, Kent, 13. I. 1881. 8vo.. 2 pp. Bound before: Krause, Ernst. Erasmus Darwin. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas. With a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London, John Murray, 1879. 8vo. IV, 216 pp. With a portrait frontispiece and a fullpage illustration. Full calf with marbled endpapers, all edges gilt, gilt inner dentelle, leading edges gilt. With Darwin's dedication pasted to endpaper, Leslie Stephen's autogr. ownership and notes above and below.

EUR 45,000.00

To the writer and critic Sir Leslie Stephen (1832-1904), whose copy this book is, responding to Sir Leslie's reassurances after having been attacked by the novelist Samuel Butler (1835-1902): "My dear Leslie Stephen. Your note is one of the kindest which I have ever received, & your advice shall be strictly followed. It was very good of you, busy as you are, to take so much trouble for me; but your trouble will not be thrown away, in so far as when in the dead of the night the thought comes across me how I have been treated, I will resolutely try to banish the thoughts, & say to myself that so good a judge as Leslie Stephen thinks nothing of the false accusation. The Litchfields & some of my other children are intensely curious to read your judgment. Believe me / yours ever gratefully / Charles Darwin. / I have written on opposite page my name if you think fit to paste it into the Life of E.D.; but I much wish that you would name one or more of the books, written wholly by myself, which I could treat in the same manner for you." Indeed, the dedication "From Charles Darwin / with kindest regards / Jan. 13th 1881" has been cut out and mounted on the flyleaf, and underneath Sir Leslie has added by way of explanation: "The letter upon the next page refers to a silly attack made upon Darwin by Butler of 'Erewhon' etc. I had given Darwin the obvious advice to take no more notice of the creature, D. having already made a sufficient acknowledgement of a trifling error. For details see 'Academy' of the period. LS. - Darwin afterwards sent me the 'Origin of the Species' & the Voyage of the Beagle." - The physician Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), Charles's grandfather, espoused an early theory of evolution all his own, which he sketched, obliquely, in a question at the end of a long footnote to his popular poem "The Loves of the Plants" (1789). Samuel Butler rejected Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. In his 1879 book "Evolution, Old and New" he accused Darwin of having borrowed heavily from and distorted Buffon, Erasmus Darwin and Lamarck, trying to reinstate these earlier thinkers and with them, the design argument. - Provenance: By descent to Leslie Stephen's daughter, the writer Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), who left it to her husband, the writer Leonard Woolf (1880-1969). Woolf had the book auctioned at Sotheby's a year before his death (sale of Feb. 29/20, 1968, lot 279); acquired by a northern Swedish collector, whose descendants returned it to the trade.

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The first Latin edition of Balbi's account of the Gulf coast
16

De Bry, Johann Theodor. Petits Voyages. Pars I-XII. [Including:] Gasparo Balbi. Navigationis... ex Alepo ad regnum Pegui usque, novem continuis annis [...] absolutae descriptio. Frankfurt, Erasmus Kempffer, 1601-1628. Frankfurt, Erasmus Kempffer, 1601-1628. Folio (220 x 317 mm). 12 books bound in 4 volumes. With 10 engr. title pages, 252 engraved illustrations, 3 engr. views, 17 engr. maps, and 3 armorial engravings. Bound at the end are 5 extra maps and views (including a world map and a view of Jerusalem) from Marino Sanuto's 1611 "Liber secretorum fidelium crucis". Slightly later Spanish limp vellum with ms. title to spine. Ties.

EUR 150,000.00

All twelve books of Théodore de Bry's "Petits Voyages", the greatest single collection of material on early voyages to the East Indies and considered unique in its extraordinary wealth of cartographical and visual material on Africa, India, and South Asia. Notably, book seven includes Gasparo Balbi's groundbreaking account of the Middle East, first published in 1590 as "Viaggio dell' Indie Orientali" - a mere 16 years before this present issue, making this the second appearance in print altogether and the first Latin translation. Balbi, a Venetian jewel merchant, travelled extensively in the Arabian Peninsula in search of precious stones. From Venice he sailed for Aleppo, proceeding to Bir and from there overland to Baghdad, descending the Tigris to Basra, where he embarked for India. While in the Persian Gulf, he studied the pearl industry, noting that the best pearls were to be found at Bahrain and Julfar. He refers to islands in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (including Sir Bani Yas and Das) and to several coastal settlements that were to become permanently established, such as Dubai and Ras al Khaima. Balbi was the first to record the place names along the coast of modern Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Practically "none of the names of places on the coast between Qatar and Ras al Khaima occur in other sources before the end of the eighteenth century" (Slot). - A composite set, nine books in their first, the remaining three in their second edition. As several of the travellers were Protestants and their works banned by the Catholic church, this set was censored by the Spanish inquisition of Granada in 1708 (cf. vol. II, verso of title). Condemned authors are identified on the title pages, and various passages considered too crude or suggestive have been struck out or obliterated. In vol. X, a marginal note on p. 27 attempts to refute an account denouncing the cruelty of the Spanish in America. - Last in the library of Jean-Paul Morin, with his bookplate on the first flyleaf. Rather browned throughout, with occasional slight edge defects; two title pages are repaired. Wants a total of 11 plates, as well as the appendix on the Congo in vol. II and the Notice to the Reader in vol. IV. Balbi's section is complete and well preserved, with only two minor censorship marks. The only comparable copy in recent trade history is the Macclesfield set in contemporary gilt calfskin, auctioned off at Sotheby's in 2007 and currently offered by a U.S. dealer consortium for $150,000: that copy, however, is incomplete, wanting the final volumes XI and XII - the latter of which is "so rare that even Church lacked much of the text".
¶ Brunet I, 1334. Church 206, 207, 208, 211, 212, 214, 217, 219, 221-225. Cf. Howgego I, B7. Ibrahim Al Abed, Peter Hellyer. United Arab Emirates: A New Perspective. London 2001. Slot, B. J. The Arabs of the Gulf, 1602-1784. Leidschendam, published with the support of the Cultural Foundation Abu Dhabi, 1993. Geoffrey King. Delmephialmas and Sircorcor: Gasparo Balbi, Dalmâ, Julfâr and a problem of transliteration. In: Arabian archeology and epigraphy 17 (2006) 248-252. United Arab Emirates yearbook 2005 by Ibrahim Al-Abed, Paula Vine, Peter Hellyer. London 2005. The Heritage Library, Qatar, p. 17. Carter, Robert A. Sea of Pearls, p. 79.

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In refutation of Grotius
17

Freitas, Seraphim de. De iusto imperio Lusitanorum Asiatico. [...] Ad Philippum... IIII. potentissimum Hispaniarum, & Indiarum monarcham. Valladolid, Hieronymus Morillo, 1625. Valladolid, Hieronymus Morillo, 1625. 4to. (8), 190, (28) ff. Title printed in red and black with woodcut arms of Spain. Modern brown calf, gilt spine in five compartments with two red labels.

EUR 15,000.00

Rare first edition. The principal printed justification of Portugal's imperial claims in the East Indies in the face of the attack posed by Hugo Grotius's "Mare liberum". Freitas's treatise is a powerful refutation of Grotius, claiming that the sovereign has the right to refuse admission of commerce or foreigners to his territory and forbid his subjects all trade and intercourse with them. - Calf somewhat worn. Some minor marginal dampstaining and foxing, with some 20 leaves quite heavily browned. From the library of Swedish antiquarian bookdealer Björn Löwendahl (1941-2013).
¶ Palau III, 275. Not in Kress or Goldsmiths'.

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To A. F. Pribram about religious faith and his "Interpretation of Dreams"
18

Freud, Sigmund, founder of psychoanalysis (1856-1939). 4 autograph letters signed and 3 autograph postcards... and lettercards signed. Semmering, Vienna, and Berlin, 1927 to 1935. Semmering, Vienna, and Berlin, 1927 to 1935. Various sizes. Altogether 8¼ pp. on 7 ff. On stationery with printed letterhead.

EUR 65,000.00

Amicable correspondence with a "dear friend", the historian Alfred Francis Pribram (1859-1942), mentioning an appointment before his departure for the U.S. (25 August 1927), recommending a young man "whose request you herewith receive" (27 February 1928), and communicating thanks from the Balog family (9 May 1928). The letter from 27 November 1928 is written after Pribram has left Vienna: "[...] There is something I dislike about your suggestion how to rectify the 'world order', that one ought to believe in reunion after death. My feeling is, whoever is no longer capable of such belief should not regret it. A few months ago I felt an impulse to make a public profession of non-faith. But why? I could not say. The result of this urge was a little book, 'The Future of an Illusion', a copy of which I have requested the publisher to send you. Not exactly for purposes of consolation, for which it is ill equipped, but because I love and esteem you as a friend. I can but give what I have [...]". - On October 28, 1829, Freud mentions his "Interpretation of Dreams": "[...] It comes as little surprise to me that your lectures are so successful. I am more amazed to learn that you are reading the 'Interpret[ation] of Dr[eams]', a difficult book which I have not touched in many years. Unfortunately I must at this very moment prepare an eighth edition and am vainly postponing the effort, ever hoping that Fortune will be kind to me in the meantime [...]". - Slight traces of handling, but well preserved on the whole.

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From Urbino to Constantinople and back
19

Gianni, Vittorio. Notizie, ed aventure veridiche di un viaggio intrapreso... da una persona di condizione privata [...] di Urbino [...], sino a Costantinopoli; e del ritorno suo [...]. Middle East, 1769-1770. Middle East, 1769-1770. Folio (235 x 170 mm). Italian manuscript in two parts with 29 original pen and ink drawings (15 and 14), written in black ink in a neat, legible hand, 28 lines to a page. (1), 95, (1) pp. (including illustrations numbered in pencil, upper right, but recto only). Collation, including illustrations: [1 f., 1 p.], [21 ff., 35 pp.], [6 pp.], [17 ff., 26 pp.], [5 pp.] (several sheets cut so that a tab only remains of the second page, and all illustrations tipped in). Contemp. half vellum over marbled paper boards. Generally written on both recto and verso, except for the two title-pages and the illustrations (recto only); all but first and last page enclosed with a single line border, in pencil for text pages and in ink for illustrations.

EUR 90,000.00

Unpublished manuscript giving a vivid and event-filled first person account of a journey from Urbino to Constantinople, well legible and beautifully presented with 29 equally unique pen-and-ink illustrations. - A unique account of a journey from Urbino to Constantinople and back, in 1769-70, hand-written and accompanied by 29 original drawings, which offer views of islands rarely if ever depicted in contemporary travel accounts or series. No counterpart has been found for the illustrations, which appear to have been prepared from eye-witness records. That the artist may have been the author himself is suggested by the fact that he makes no mention of a separate artist, and by the manner in which he introduces the first illustration: 'Il Paise è piccolo come vedrassi della figura, che di curiosita, ed intelligenza di lettori porro a piedi di questo capitolo' (p. 5v). The story of his adventure is equally idiosyncratic, incorporating both a record of foreign places, people and customs common to other such literature, and also an account of a personal tragedy and a dangerous sea-voyage. The manuscript falls within a tradition of cultural exchange and travel writing between Europeans and the Orient; but unlike Luigi Mayer, for example, employed to make drawings of the historical buildings of Constantinople by the English ambassador Sir Robert Ainslie shortly afterwards, or J. B. Hilair, whose paintings made on a trip throughout the Empire with the French ambassador Count Choiseul-Gouffier in 1776, and engraved and published in Gouffier's "Voyage pittoresque de la Grèce" (1778-82), Gianni appears to be an entirely independent figure. Though the manuscript is set out like a printed book and was presumably destined for wider distribution in that form as a money-making enterprise, Gianni does not seem to have been commissioned, nor to have hoped for patronage. His stated aim is simply to give a true account to his readers, in case they might wish to undertake a similar journey. His route takes him through great cities such as Venice, Athens, Smyrna and Gallipoli, ancient sites such as Troy and Heraklia, through the Peloponnesus and islands such as Mykonos, Corfu, Maitos and Skios, all of which he describes and depicts in detail. Meanwhile, although he says that he is not writing in order to leave "una viva ricordanza di me, come di soggetto qualificato", that is precisely what he does: the second part of the book recounts his search for his son from whom he had heard nothing but that he had married a Greek girl. Reunited with him through a doctor who has been helping the boy through an illness, he tries to persuade the young couple to return with him to Urbino, but this plan is thwarted by the machinations of the doctor. His journey home, alone, is enlivened by an encounter with corsairs, a near shipwreck, a boy falling overboard and a violent storm. The value of this book lies not only in the unique, unpublished text and illustrations, and legible and attractive presentation, but also in the combination of commonly-found themes such as dress and customs, with an entirely personal and richly-told narrative of one man's search for his son. - One illustration (Smirne) has been trimmed along the right edge after having been bound in. Etched armorial bookplate of an unidentified noble bishop on front pastedown.

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Rare festbuch: the Emperor's new wedding
20

Gualdo Priorato, Galeazzo. Lettera [...] all' [...] Cardinale Barberino [...] con... la quale da ragguaglio [...] di quanto è passato negli augustissimi terzi sposali di sua maesta cesarea [...]. Vienna, Johann Baptist Hacque, 1677. Vienna, Johann Baptist Hacque, 1677. Folio (224 x 340 mm). (4), 60 (misnumbered: 58) pp. With 7 engraved plates (some folding). Contemporary wrappers with marbled spine.

EUR 8,000.00

Only edition of this work published in celebration of the wedding of Emperor Leopold I to Eleonore Magdalene of Pfalz-Neuburg, Leopold's third (and final) marriage. The fervently Catholic Eleonore had previously turned down a proposal by the later King James II of England (himself a Catholic); among the couple's issue were future Emperors Joseph I and Charles VI. The plates show views of Neuburg on the Inn near Passau (the entrances of December 11 and 12, 1676), various triumphal arches (including that in Passau), and the great Vienna fireworks of February 2, 1677, in honour of the Imperial couple. The Italian diplomat G. Gualdo Priorato (1606-78), "officier supérieur, tacticien, diplomate et l’un des plus féconde historiens italiens" (NBG XXII, 307), served as historian to the Vienna court. - Occasional foxing and insignificant waterstains; contains four plates more than asked for by Mayer. Appealingly preserved.
¶ Mayer I, Nr. 1859. ICCU VIAE07631. Not in Ruggieri.

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A Muslim terrorist, writing from Terezín prison
21

Hadzi Lojo, Bosnian Muslim folk hero (i.e., Salih Vilajetovic, 1834-1887). Leaf signed in Arabic. [Theresienstadt, 1879]. [Theresienstadt, 1879]. Oblong 8vo. 1 page.

EUR 8,500.00

Two lines in Arabic. - The fanatical Bosnian Muslim Vilajetovic, popularly known as "Hadzi Lojo", repeatedly incited his fellow believers to violence agains Bosnian Christians and their churches. His fearless struggle for a conservative, backwards-oriented Islam and the old Bosnian freedoms, fought by way of murder, theft and plunderings which made him wealthy, spread his fame and made him a popular hero. His agitation against the "unbelievers" climaxed during the Austrian occupation of Serbia and Herzegovina, which the Ottoman sultan had relinquished at the Congress of Berlin in 1878. Hadzi Lojo led a mob to the pasha's residence in Sarajevo and called upon Muslims to turn against Ottoman rule and resist the coming of the Habsburg army. He was sentenced to death in 1879, but the sentence was committed to a short prison term in Theresienstadt (Terezin in Bohemia), as Emperor Franz Joseph did not wish to create a political martyr. In 1884 he was released and sent into exile, as which he chose Mecca.

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a vivid account of the pernicious influence of secret societies under weak governments, and of the hideous abuse of religion
22

Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph von. Die Geschichte der Assassinen aus morgenländischen Quellen. Stuttgart & Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1818. Stuttgart & Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1818. 8vo. VIII, 341, (3) pp. Contemp. half calf with gilt spine and labels in red and black; covers and edges marbled.

EUR 3,500.00

First edition. - The first extensive history of the medieval Muslim sect of the Assassins, a radical group from whose name the English term for a political or religious killer is derived. A fanatical branch of the Ismaili Muslims who viewed themselves as martyrs, the Assassins specialised in political murder (usually carried out with a dagger), often conducted in broad daylight and in full view of the public, so as to instill terror in their foes. Contemporaries found it incomprehensible that they entirely accepted the fact of their own death as a consequence, as they made no attempt to escape and exposed themselves to the revenge of the victim's followers. Acting from a strong ideological conviction, the Assassins aimed to re-establish a theocracy, the basic Islamic order bequeathed by the Prophet, as they felt their contemporary world order to be usurped by tyrants. Most of their victims were Sunni Muslims, especially the Seljuk rulers of the 12th and 13 centuries. - For this history, Hammer-Purgstall draws from a wide variety of mainly oriental sources (Ibn Khaldun, Jihannuma, Abulfeda, Persian and Turkish chronicles, with a small number of western studies included), all of which he lists at the beginning, and ultimately compares the mediaeval sect to the modern fanatics of his own day, particularly the Jacobin party of the French Revolution. Among the goals which he wishes to have achieved with his book, he writes, is to have "given a vivid account of the pernicious influence of secret societies under weak governments, and of the hideous abuse of religion for purposes of committing atrocities of unscrupulous ambition and unfettered despotism". - Slight browning, but a good, finely bound copy. Provenance: from the Thun-Hohenstein library in Decín (Tetschen) with their armorial stamp "Tetschner Bibliothek" on the reverse of the title page. When the castle was requisitioned by the Czechoslovakian army in 1933, the library was transferred to Prague and dispersed to the trade.
¶ Goedeke VII, 762, 47. Wurzbach VII, 274, I B 1. FRA 70 (1940), p. 572. Cf. Atabey 556; Blackmer 787 (English ed.).

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The most important work of its kind in Arabic literature
23

Ibn al-Haytham, Abu 'Ali al-Hasan (Alhazen). [Kitab al-Manazir, latine]. Opticae thesaurus. Alhazeni Arabis libri... septem, nunc primum editi. Eiusdem liber de crepusculis & Nubium ascensionibus. Item Vitellonis Thuringopoloni libri X [...]. (Ed. F. Risner). Basel, Eusebius Episcopius & heirs of Nicolaus Episcopius, (August) 1572. Basel, Eusebius Episcopius & heirs of Nicolaus Episcopius, (August) 1572. Folio (248 x 350 mm). 2 parts in 1 vol. 1st blank f., (6), 288 pp. (8), 474, (2) pp. With 2 different woodcut printer's devices on t. p. and colophon, half-page woodcut on reverse of t. p. (repeated on half-title of pt. 2), and numerous diagrams in the text. Near-contemporary full vellum binding with giltstamped red spine label. All edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 125,000.00

First edition of "the most important work of its kind in Arabic literature" (cf. Poggendorf). Ibn al-Haytham (965-c. 1040), known as Alhazen in the Latin tradition, has been hailed as "the greatest Muslim physicist and one of the greatest students of optics of all times [...] The Latin translation [...] exerted a great influence upon Western science. It showed a great progress in experimental method. [Alhazen's book contains] research in catoptrics, [a] study of atmospheric refraction, [a] better description of the eye, and better understanding of vision [as well as an] attempt to explain binocular vision [and the] earliest use of the camera obscura" (Sarton). "This combined edition served as the standard reference work on optics well into the 17th century, influencing scientists such as Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, and Descartes" (Norman). "The Arab physicist Alhazen preserved for us all that was known by the ancients in the field of optics and added some contributions of his own. His book remained a standard authority thru the 1600s. He understood that light emanated spherically from a point and greatly improved on Ptolemy's uncertain rule for refraction which, he showed, held true only for small angles. He covered many cases of reflection and refraction and his explanation of the structure and function of the eye was followed for 600 years" (Dibner). "Ibn al-Haytham's Book of Optics is now a thousand years old. It revolutionized optics and had great impact on science in Europe, being cited by Roger Bacon and Johannes Kepler, among others" (AR, p. 99). "It is remarkable that in the Islamic world the 'Optics' practically disappeared from view soon after its appearance in the 11th century until, in the beginning of the 14th century, the Persian scholar Kamal al-Din composed his great critical commentary on it [...] By this time the 'Optics' had embarked on a new career in the West where it was already widely and avidly studied in a Latin translation of the late 12th or early 13th century, entitled 'Perspectiva' or 'De aspectibus' [...] The Latin translation was published by Frederick Risner at Basel in 1572 in a volume entitled 'Opticae thesaurus', which included Witelo's 'Perspectiva' [...] Risner's Latin edition made [the 'Optics'] available to such mathematicians as Kepler, Snell, Beeckman, Fermat, Harriot, and Descartes, all of whom except the last directly referred to Alhazen", though Descartes "employed [the work] in his successful deduction of the sine law" (DSB, p. 194-197). The 'Liber de crepusculis', the work on dawn and twilight included in Risner's 'Opticae thesaurus' and attributed to Alhazen, is actually the work of his contemporary Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad ibn Mu'adh al-Jayyani (cf. Norman; DSB, p. 208). The optical study by the Polish scholar Witelo, likewise here included, is "a massive work that relies extensively on Alhazen [and] offers an analysis of reflection that was not surpassed until the 17th century" (Norman). - Variously browned due to paper, but altogether quite a crisp, wide-margined copy, with an apparently contemporary handwritten ownership to the title page (deleted some time in the 17th or 18th century), a very few inconspicuous repairs to the edges, a faint waterstain to the lower margin and some slight worming to the lower gutter. Binding tight and well-preserved, with 17th or early 18th century library shelfmarks to front pastedown. An unusually fine specimen of a principal work of Arabic science as received in the West.
¶ VD 16, H 693 (H 692, V 1761). Adams A 745. BM-STC 383. Dibner 138. Norman 1027. Honeyman I, 73. DSB VI, 205. GAL I, 470. Poggendorf I, 31. Duncan 113. Sarton I, 721. Carmody p. 140. Thorndike/Kibre 803, 1208. Vagnetti D62. BNHCat A 241. IA 103.705. Brunet I, 180. Arabick Roots Doha AR79.

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The documentation of a mining and smelting corporation
24

[Iron industry and mining in Silesia]. Vereinigte Königs- und Laurahütte 1871-1896. Photo album.... Huta Laura near Siemianowice Slaskie (now in Poland), 1871-1896. Huta Laura near Siemianowice Slaskie (now in Poland), 1871-1896. Oblong imperial folio (570 x 450 mm). Monumental photo album containing 34 photographs (365 x 280 mm each) on heavy cardboard, each with gilt title and borders. All edges gilt. Contemporary full calf binding with gilt title and borders, gilt bosses on lower cover; metal clasp.

EUR 15,000.00

The "Vereinigte Königs- und Laurahütte" (United Royal and Laura Smelting Works" was a mining and smelting corporation formed in 1871 by count Hugo Henkel-Donnersmarck (1811-90) by consolidating several pre-existing companies. With head offices in Berlin, the principal mining area was in the Upper Silesian Industrial Region around Katowice. The Royal ("König") Works near Beuthen (Bytom), founded as early as 1797, gave their name to the town of Königshütte (now Chorzów), and the town Laurahütte (today Huta Laura near Siemianowice Slaskie) is named after the local Laura Works (which took its name from Henkel's second wife Laura von Kaszonyi). After the company was incorporated, the "Vereinigte Königs- und Laurahütte" (to which many other smelting works were attached) succeeded in becoming one of Germany's most important mining and smelting companies. The present album contains numerous excellent photographs which provide rare documents of the company's heyday, showing the various works, their buildings, shafts, and furnaces.

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My eyesight seems to be getting better lentissimamente
25

Joyce, James, Anglo-Irish writer (1882-1941). Autograph letter signed. Paris, 9. II. 1927. Paris, 9. II. 1927. Large 4to. 1 p. Letterhead "2, Square Robiac / 182, rue de Grenelle". With autogr. envelope.

EUR 25,000.00

To the young American musician Arthur Laubenstein in Nice, who had been the teacher of his son Giorgio at the Schola Cantorum in Paris, thanking him for congratulations on the occasion of his 45th birthday: "Many thanks for your kind telegram on my birthday. It was very good of you to remember me [...] Have you settled down altogether in Nice or is there any likelihood of your passing through Paris at any time: We might go south but my wife does not like Nice though I found it quite pleasant. We spent the summer at Ostende. Giorgio has taken up singing again. It is now fixed that he certainly has not a bass but a baritone or robust tenor. Lucia [his daughter] has danced in public here and in Brussels and is starting to teach. Tuohy was here for about two months (it seemed two years) to finish my face which will adorn the May salon. Thank goodness he left today. We still go to the Trianon where the female dog Cascade continues to proliferate. My eyesight seems to be getting better lentissimamente. Did you set any of those verses? I enclose copy of a protest issued on my birthday to the French, English and American press [...]". - The "protest" against the American publisher Samuel Roth (not included) was supported by 160 signatories who condemned Roth's unauthorised and castrated version of the "Ulysses" as a serial novel in his magazine "Two Worlds". Later that same year, Joyce's collection of poems "Pomes Penyeach" appeared (with Shakespeare and Co.), as did the first German translation of "Ulysses".
¶ Apparently unpublished.

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A Gift for Sovereigns, illustrated with 17 large miniatures
26

Kashfi, Sayyid Ja’far ibn Ishaq. Tuhfat al-Muluk. Iran, dated "1151" (i.e., H 1251 = CE 1835/36). Iran, dated "1151" (i.e., H 1251 = CE 1835/36). 4to (295 x 185 mm). Persian ms. on smoothed paper. 384 unnumbered ff., 21 lines to a page. With decorative, richly coloured 'unwan headpiece and 17 coloured miniatures, many raised in gilt. Highlighted words written or overscored in red. Contemporary half calf with coloured, lacquered gouache paintings to covers; inside covers show finely excuted floral designs on a red background.

EUR 45,000.00

Lavishly illuminated manuscript on the knowledge of the world and state philosophy, the title of which might be rendered as "A Gift for Sovereigns". This important treatise was composed in 1817/18 on behalf of Prince Muhammad Taqi Mirza, son of Fath Ali Shah, the second king of the Persian Qajar dynasty, and is the major work by the Iranian philosopher Sayyid Ja’far ibn Ishaq Kashfi (c. 1775-1850), who lived in Borujerd in western Iran. Prince Muhammad Taqi (c. 1791-1848) was the eighth son of the Shah. He was regent of Borujerd but was imprisoned after the death of his father in 1834. The present manuscript with its rich illumination and magnificent binding was begun during the last years of Fath Ali Shah and not completed until after his death. Peculiarly, the manuscript is written in Naskhi rather than in the usual Persian Nastaliq script. While most Persian calligraphers could prepare their work in Naskhi upon request, this may serve to indicate that the manuscript is not a copy by a professional scribe, but rather the manuscript of a scholar (possibly by Kashfi himself?). - The ms. is dated "1151" at the end of the text, which must mean 1251, i.e. 1835/36 C.E. Written on western laid paper with several watermarks, including - in the first half - a prominent one with an eagle above a circle. The typical Qajar enamel binding shows charming cover illustrations of lavish flower bouquets with three birds; the inside covers show more conventional, stylized floral ornamentation. Several late 19th-century. ms. notes to reverse of the first leaf. With occasional edge damage professionally repaired or showing repairs by a contemporary owner (including final leaf: insignificant loss to text); colours show some bleeding to reverse. Some rubbing throughout, with the occasional stain.

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27

Mahler, Gustav, conductor and composer (1860-1911). Portrait postcard signed. N. p., c. 1898. N. p., c. 1898. 8vo.

EUR 12,000.00

BN#46118

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I am completely starved
28

Malevich, Kazimir, Russian painter and art theoretician (1879-1935). Autograph letter signed. Moscow, 14. IX. 1933. Moscow, 14. IX. 1933. 4to. 3½ pp. on 2 ff. With autogr. envelope.

EUR 65,000.00

In Russian, to his third wife, Natalja, on a day he and Ivan Vassilyevitch Kljun spent together attending an exhibition of the Red Workers' and Peasants' Army and visiting officials. Kljun urged him to have his hair cut, as Malevich resembled a "savage". They failed to meet Lobanov, who wanted a landscape. "[...] You cannot imagine my sentiments. What else should I do, and how wait? I am completely starved, and although I have eaten quite well these two days at Ivan Vassilyevitch's, there is no way I might be satiated, and after all, I cannot live at his place, and there is nowhere for me to go. I still have no money to go to Nemchinovka and stay there overnight [...] It's simply a nightmare when the thought turns up that something might happen to me, a severe mental illness might afflict me. Tomorrow I will try to see mother, maybe I can raise some money there [...]". Also, Malevich mentions his difficult relationship with his brother, and that he avoids seeing him: "That's what it amounts to, when a man has not a penny, they all start to lecture you and call you a fool [...] Yes, this is hard indeed for me; when people find out that you have to money, they change their ways entirely. [...]" (transl.).

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The Ambulance of the Archduchess
29

Marie Therese, third wife of Archduke Karl Ludwig (1855-1944). 3 patent specification for the Archduchess. Vienna, Budapest, and Berlin, 1915. Vienna, Budapest, and Berlin, 1915. 4to and folio. 13 printed pages and 3 folding plates. Includes a photograph of the patented invention on cardboard with stamped signet of the B. Reiffenstein studio in Vienna. 113 x 150 mm. Patent specifications bound with coloured cords and secured in a limp cloth portfolio bearing the giltstamped crown of the Archdukes. Silk pastedowns.

EUR 3,500.00

The present patent specifications in German and Hugarian, protected in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the German Reich, describe an "apparatus for the shockless transport of casualties, or persons in general, in motor vehicles". - After the death of Crown Prince Rudolf, Marie Therese, née Princess of Bragança, Infanta of Portugal, and wife of the new heir apparent, Archduke Karl Ludwig, assumed a new role as "First Lady" of the Empire. She maintained this role even after her husband's death in 1896 (cf. Hamann, Habsburger, 349). During WWI she worked as a nurse under the name of "Sister Michaela". It is not widely known that the Archduchess also practised as an inventor; the relevant biographical literature makes no such mention. - Rare, uncommon document in excellent state of preservation; binding shows a minute defect.

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Upon her return to Scotland
30

Mary of Guise, Queen of Scots (1515-1560). Autograph letter signed ("Marie de Lorrainne"). Dieppe, 18. X. [1551]. Dieppe, 18. X. [1551]. Folio. 2 pages.

EUR 28,000.00

To her mother, Antoinette de Bourbon. A beautiful and rare letter, written when she was leaving France to return to Scotland. After a year spent in France, she returned to Scotland with her daughter Marie to take over the Regency of the kingdom, entrusted to the count of Arran. Through her brother, the cardinal Charles de Lorraine, she had received a letter of great consolation which her mother had written to him: "[...] presantement je fais mon anbarquement. Je croy on me metera en terre à la Rie [Rye, sur les côtes du Sussex] ung por d'Angleterre. Les navires de Flandre sont dehors a se que j'entens quy me fera prandre plustost terre. Le voyage sera de grande despanse et tou l'iver mais non sy dangereux si ne laisse aprocher mes voisins de ma poupe [...]. Quant à mes afair Mons. le Cardinal et moy an navons devizé anplement j'ai tout remis à vous et à luy [...]". - Some damage to edges; stained.

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