1

Al-Shidyaq, Ahmad Faris. Abda` ma-kan fi suwar Salatin Al `Uthman. Album... des Souverains Ottomans. Istanbul, Matba`at al-Jawaib & Garte in Leipzig, [c. 1885]. Istanbul, Matba`at al-Jawaib & Garte in Leipzig, [c. 1885]. Small 4to. Lithographed title page and index; 34 photo-lithogr. plates, hightlighted in gilt and red. Original red and gilt cloth.

EUR 12,500.00

Only edition of this lavishly produced series of portraits showing the Ottoman Sultans from the 14th to the 19th century. Captioned in French and Arabic. The editor, Ahmad Faris al-Shidyaq (1804-87), was born in Lebanon to an Arab Maronite family. He converted to Islam in 1860 and spent much of his later life in Istanbul as the editor of an Arab language newspaper, "El-Jawa’ib". In recent years, scholars seem to have taken a renewed interest in Ahmad Faris al-Shidyaq and his role in the "nahda", or Arab renaissance of the 19th century. Several biographies have been published recognizing his struggle to modernize the Arabic language and educational system, as well as his defence of Arabic culture and language against the Turkization movement across the 19th century Ottoman Empire. As such he is considered one of the founders of modern Arabic literature and journalism. - Minor foxing to reverse of plates, otherwise in perfect condition.
¶ OCLC 15623629.

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2

Altenberg, Peter, Schriftsteller und Literat (1859-1919). Autograph letter signed. Apparently Vienna Large 4to 1 p.

EUR 1,500.00

To the Viennese Children's Relief Organisation, making a proposal in view of the growing number of child abuse. - On headed paper "Graben Hotel" where Altenberg resided from 1913 until his death.

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The Vice of Dice
3

Augustine of Hippo, Saint. Sermones de verbis domini [and other works]. [Austria], 1448. [Austria], 1448. Small folio (235 x 314 mm). Latin ms. (gothic book cursive) on paper. 550 pp. (page numbers addeed in pencil, c. 1900, written on 547 pp.). Leaf size 210 x 295 mm, written area mainly 140 x 190 mm. 2 cols., mainly 30-31 lines (but final gathering: 41-43 lines), partly rubricated with red chapter headings and ends; numerous red Lombardic initials. Contemp. Blindstamped Gothic calf binding over wooden boards. Wants the fittings and clasps.

EUR 45,000.00

Fine late mediaeval manuscript, principally comprising sermons of St Augustine (pp. 1-410), but also containing four shorter treatises of his slightly older contemporary, Gregory of Nazianzus (pp. 411-523); dated "1448" at the end. Bound after this are 12 additional leaves, apparently penned slightly later by a different scribe, with theological writings of the early 15th century, namely two treatises by the French mystic Jean Gerson (pp. 527-540) and the treatise on the vice of dice by the Vienna canon Johann Geuss (pp. 541-550). - Contents: A) St Augustine. 1-121: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Mattheum (with a table of contents, followed by "Evangelium audivimus ... agite penitentiam"); 122-181: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Lucam (inc. "Petite et dabitur"); 182-344: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Johannem (inc. "Capitulum Evangelii quod lectum est"); 345-347: Sermo de verbis domini evangelio secundum Lucam de verbis apostoli, omnes nos manifestari oporte ante tribunal Christi (inc. "Omnium Christianorum spes"); 348-410: Liber de spiritu et anima (inc. "Quoniam dictum est mihi", expl. "quem cernere finis est doloris"). - B) Gregory of Nazianzus. 411-470: De urbana vita [ad Pronianum; tr. Rufinus] (inc. "Proficiscenti mihi ex urbe magnopere iniungebas Aproniane fili"); 470-487: De nativitate domini [oratio XXXVIII] (inc. "Christus nascitur"); 487-506: De luminibus et secundis epiphaniis [oratio XXXIX] (inc. "Iterum Jesus meus et iterum"); 506-523: De pentecoste [oratio XLI] (inc. "De sollemnitate huius diei pauca dicenda sunt"; expl. "et potestas in spiritu sancto in secula seculorum. Amen"); followed by date: "et finitus est liber anno etc. 1448"; 524-526 vacant. C) Johannes Gerson: 527-537: Tractatus de trepidantibus accedere ad celebrationem misse post pollutionem in sompniis habitum (inc. "Dubitandum est aput me"); 537-540: De duplicii stuatu in dei ecclesia, curatorum et privilegiatorum (inc. "Pax quam omnibus"; expl. "inveniri. Deo gratias. Deo gratias"). D) [Johannes Geuss]. 541-550 [Sermo de ludo alearum] (inc. "Confundatur sorcium distributio scribitur Numeri ultimo. Hec verba possunt intellegi de sortilegio lusorum et confusione ipsorum"; expl. "unam libram et sic posset fieri recompensatio" (lacking the final four columns of text). - Occasional addenda and marginalia by a roughly contemporary hand in the wide blank margin throughout. The 12-leaf quire bound at the end (watermark: type Piccard V [libra], section V, no. 294 ["Vienna 1461"]) must originally have been followed by a now-lost final leaf of text. Binding rubbed and bumped; small crack to upper cover; traces of a pasted grey paper wrapper. Occasional slight browning to manuscript; insignificant waterstain near beginning. Slight tear to first 3 ff. (not touching text), loss of corner to first leaf (loss of page number and a 17th century monastic ownership "Conven[tus] C[...]").

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4

Bembo, Pietro, cardinal, scholar, poet (1470-1547). Letter signed. Padova, 14. VI. 1528. Padova, 14. VI. 1528. Folio. 1½ pp. on bifolium.

EUR 18,500.00

Unpublished letter of condolence to Conte Brunoro da Gambara in Brescia, whose father, Gian Galeazzo Gambara, had died on May 24, leaving seven sons: "Cortesemente havete adoperato S. Conte mio a me quanto figliuol caro, a farmi intendere per vostre lettere la morte del S. Conte Galeazzo vostro padre. Percioche amando io et tutta la vostra illustre et honorata casa tanto, quanto si sa, senza che io il dica; et voi particolarmente quanto stimo esser vi assai chiaro; ragionevole cosa é, che io sia da voi tenuto per tale, quale veggo mi tenete: cioè per huom, che partecipi di tutte le fortune vostre o prospere o averse, che elle siano, al pari di qualungue altro amico et congiunto vostro [...]". - In a hand-captioned early 20th century collector's folder. The Humanist scholar Bembo, born into an eminent Venetian family of patricians, was an outstanding figure in the development of Tuscan as a modern, codified literary language during the Italian Renaissance. He is equally famous for his affair with Lucrezia Borgia in 1502/1503; their love letters (now in the Ambrosiana in Milan) were hailed by Byron as "the prettiest in the world". In 1538 he was created cardinal by Pope Paul III. - Rare.

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5

Beuys, Joseph, German Fluxus, happening and performance artist (1921-1986). Autograph letter signed. Düsseldorf, 8. IV. 1982. Düsseldorf, 8. IV. 1982. Large 4to. 1 p. Some addenda.

EUR 4,500.00

To Peter Czerwonka in Maintal, sending his "Aufruf zur Alternative", a donation appeal for planting 7000 oak trees as his contribution for the documenta 7. - On headed paper.

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Coloured copy of Blaeu's atlas of China, in richly gold-tooled contemporary vellum
6

[Blaeu, Joan]. Martini, Martino. Novus atlas Sinensis a Martino Martinio [...] [Nieuwe... atlas van het groote rijck Sina, …]. Including: Golius, Jacob. [Drop-title:] Byvoeghsel van 't Koninckryck Catay. [Amsterdam, Joan Blaeu, 1655]. [Amsterdam, Joan Blaeu, 1655]. Super royal folio (340 x 510 mm). 210, (20), XVIII, (40), (4) pp. With engraved title-page (lacking the letterpress title-label: "Nieuwe atlas van het groote rijck Sina") and 17 double-page engraved maps, all coloured by a contemporary hand. The maps include 16 maps of China and 1 general map of Japan, with richly decorated cartouches often showing several Chinese in traditional garb. The preliminaries bound at the end. Contemporary richly gold-tooled, slightly overlapping vellum, remains of ties, gilt edges.

EUR 48,000.00

Separately published edition, with the text in Dutch, of Blaeu's atlas of China, the first atlas and geography of China to be published in Europe. "The seventeen maps are noteworthy not only for their accuracy, remarkable for the time, but also for their highly decorative cartouches featuring vignettes depicting regional Chinese dress, activities, and animals [...] In addition, it is one of the first true Sino-European publications, based on Chinese land surveys but presenting geographic data in a highly visual European cartographic format" (Reed & Demattè). The first map is a general map of China (including Japan and parts of Korea), followed by 15 maps of the provinces of China and a general map of Japan. - The maps are based on Chinese cartographic sources collected by the Jesuit missionary Martinus Martini's (1614-61), among them a copy of the manuscript atlas by Zhu Siben (compiled 1311/12) with revisions from the printed atlas by Lo Hongxian. Martini compiled the maps himself and convinced Blaeu to postpone the work on other volumes and publish the present atlas of China. It was published in 1655, in five different language editions, as a separate atlas and as the sixth volume of Blaeu's celebrated Atlas Maior (only differing in the engraved title-page). Martini also added a lengthy preface with an account of the compilation process, geographical descriptions of the provinces of China and Japan, a list of towns with their geographical co-ordinates and a history of the Manchurian war, earlier published as De bello Tartarico historia (1654). - Golius, as a result of his fruitful contact with Martini, wrote his Byvoeghsel van 't Koninckryck Catay, on the Chinese reign, which is published here for the first time as a supplement to the atlas, containing numerous woodcut Arabic and Chinese characters. In it Golius "identified the names of the "Catayan" duodenary cycles as Chinese. These names were first published [...] in Arabic letters [...] This resulted in the first printing if Chinese characters (from wood) in Holland, and of the first properly formed characters in Europe" (Smitskamp). - Lacking the letterpress title-label on the engraved title-page, two tears in the outer margin of pp. 193f. and 211f. and small corner off p. XI torn off; a very good copy. Binding also in very good condition, with only the spine slightly soiled and the tooling on spine slightly faded at a few points.
¶ V.d. Krogt, Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici II, 2:521A. Reed & Demattè 25. For Golius's supplement: Smitskamp, Philologia Orientalis 313c.

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32 magnificent views of China
7

Borget, Auguste. La Chine et les Chinois. Paris, Couplet & Vibert (letterpress printed by Schneider & Langrand and the lithographs by Lemercier, Bernard & Co.), 1842. Paris, Couplet & Vibert (letterpress printed by Schneider & Langrand and the lithographs by Lemercier, Bernard & Co.), 1842. Imperial folio (385 x 555 mm). 26 pp. text. With lithographed title-page (textual), tinted lithographed title-page (illustrational), 2 lithographed dedication leaves, lithographed list of plates and 32 tinted lithographed plates on 25 leaves, by Eugène Ciceri after drawings of Borget. Contemporary half tanned sheepskin, cloth sides; recased, with modern endpapers.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition of a series of 32 magnificent views of China after drawings by the notable French artist Auguste Borget (1808-77), who travelled through Asia from 1838 to 1840, including views in the area of Hong Kong (4), Macao (13) and Canton (12). "The feeling of superiority to the Chinese, so characteristic of accounts from the 1840s, is absent here. The artist observes with a fresh eye" (Lust). Explanations to all views are found in the letterpress text in the form of letters by Borget. A second edition in English was published in the same year as Sketches of China and the Chinese. - Washed, but with some foxing still visible; professionally restored tears in the margins both title-pages and plates 1 and 4 and more crudely restored tears in the letterpress text leaves; a fair copy, the illustrations are however still in very good condition. Binding restored and recased and with most of the leaves mounted on new stubs. Rare.
¶ Abbey, Travel 540. Cordier, Sinica, 79f. Cf. Lust 2111 (English ed.). Not in Walravens.

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The Don Quixote of Mexico
8

Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha... [...]. Nueva edicion corregida por la Real Academia España. Madrid, Don Joaquín Ibarra for the Real Academia, 1780. Madrid, Don Joaquín Ibarra for the Real Academia, 1780. 4to (295 x 220 mm). 4 vols. including additional engraved title-pages, portrait of the author, 31 engraved plates after various artists, and 1 double-page engraved map. Bound in contemporary mottled sheep, richly gilt with tooled borders and spines and with red morocco title labels. Sympathetically restored with later endpapers. With the bookplate of the executed Emperor of Mexico, Maximilian, on pastedown. Additional bookplate of Laurent Veydt (1800-77, Belgian Minister of Finance), as well as letter recording the presentation of the these volumes to Jules Malou (1810-86, Belgian Prime Minister) in 1876.

EUR 70,000.00

A large copy of the most famous edition of "Don Quixote" ever produced, with a remarkable provenance. The "Ibarra" edition of 1780 was described by Palau as "magnificent, superior in artistic beauty to all others produced in Spain or abroad"; Richard Ford declares that "no grand library should be without it". Undoubtedly it was on these merits that Ibarra's edition was famously cast in Roman Polanski's 1999 thriller "The Ninth Gate": in the exposition of that film, Johnny Depp's character (an enterprising if vulture-minded rare book dealer) swindles an unwitting couple, heirs to a library to be dispersed, out of what in fact was their pièce de résistance - a set of Ibarra's "Quixote" which he claims is worth "no more than four thousand dollars". - The present copy was purchased (for an unknown sum in pesos) by Emperor Maximilian of Mexico during his brief reign (1864-67) as part of what he hoped would become the nucleus of a National Library; after his execution by firing squad his books were salvaged and sent by mule-back to Vera Cruz, in order to be sold at public auction in Leipzig. - Among the thousands of books amassed by Don Maximiliano, his copy of Don Quixote holds a special place. Younger brother of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I, Maximilian was sent to Mexico at the tender age of 32 in order to provide a figurehead for the French invasion of that country begun in 1861. Dashing and charismatic, Maximilian would ride into battle in full Mexican regalia, with a large white sombrero, the Order of the Mexican Eagle around his neck, and two revolvers and a sabre. The picture was completed by his frisky horse Orispelo and his very own 'Sancho Panza', his secretary Jose Luis Blasio, who rode a tame mule beside him. It is easy to see why modern historians often call the Viennese-born, self-proclaimed Emperor of Mexico a 'Quixotic' figure; even during Maximillian's lifetime one of his critics in French parliament, Jules Favre, mercilessly derided him as a 'veritable Don Quixote'. Such comparisons were undoubtedly justified; yet the romance of Maximilian's tragic misadventure in Mexico is only heightened by the physical evidence that he once owned a personal copy of Cervantes' great novel - in a spectacular and highly sought-after edition, no less. - The Ibarra edition was prepared at great expense over the course of seven years for the Real Academia, printed on deluxe paper in a specifically-designed typeface and illustrated by the foremost Spanish artists of the time. To this day it remains a monument of Spanish printing, and a fitting tribute to what many regard as the first modern novel in the Hispanic tradition. - The dispersal of Maximilian's library itself forms a fascinating chapter in the present volumes' history. Rebels under the command of Benito Juarez captured and shot the emperor on the 19th June 1867. Likely at the instigation of the Mexican bookseller José Maria Andrade, who had yet to be paid for Maximilian's purchases, the books were packed onto mules and dispatched to Vera Cruz, from whence they sailed for Europe. Their sale in 1869 was one of the greatest of the 19th century - and perhaps the greatest sale of Spanish Americana of all time. Hubert Howe Bancroft was a strong buyer of early Mexican imprints at the sale; and thus many of Maximilian's books are today found in the Bancroft Library at Berkeley. Another major spender was J. F. Sabin. According to the results published later that year, the present volumes made 33 thalers - a very respectable sum, but by no means the highest price paid in those rooms. As the bookplates show, they soon made their way into the possession of the Belgian Minister of Finance, Laurent Veydt, who in 1876 presented them to his Prime Minister. We hope that the noble lineage of this set may be continued!
¶ Palau 52024. Cohen/de Ricci 218f. Ebert 3928 ("A masterpiece of typography"). Cf. also the sale catalogue by Andrade & Deschamps, Catalogue de la riche bibliothèque (Leipzig, List & Francke), no. 772.

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We have finally perfected the method on which we have been working for so long
9

Cori, Carl Ferdinand (1896-1984) and Gerty Theresa (1896-1957), Nobel Prize winners in Medicine 1947. Collection of 163 (147 autogr. and 16 ts.)... letters and postcards by Carl Ferdinand and 72 mostly autogr. letters and postcards by Gerty Theresa Cori. Various places, 1920-1954. Various places, 1920-1954. C. F. Cori: 379 pp. (21 of which in his wife’s hand); G.T. Cori: 201 pp. (2½ of which in her husband’s hand). Also includes 69 ff. mostly ts. carbon copies of letters and telegrams by C. F. Cori’s father C. I. Cori, 243 ff. letters and postcadrs of third parties to Cori sen. and jun. as well as 54 ff. miscellaneous documents. Various formats.

EUR 28,000.00

The correspondence of the two Nobel Prize winners with their Viennese family documents life and work of the renowned Austrian scientists Carl Ferdinand and Gerty Theresa Cori through more than three decades. The letters, frequently written by both, span the years from their first activity as physicians in Vienna in the early 1920s to the time after their winning the Nobel Prize, which Gerty Theresa Cori was the third woman to receive in a field of natural science (after Marie Curie and Irène Joliot-Curie). Their common research remains a central theme in the letters mostly addressed to Carl Isodor Cori (1865-1954). - "In subsequent work Gerty Cori used the enzymes involved in the biological cleavage of glycogen as tools for the chemical definition of its molecular structure. This was achieved in 1952, almost exactly 100 years after the discovery of glycogen by Claude Bernard [...] Gerty Cori's work thus demonstrated the central importance of the isolation and characterization of individual enzymes, both for the structural definition of the macromolecules on which they act and for the understanding of dysfunctions of metabolic processes in which these enzymes participate [...]" (DSB III, 416). - Detailed description available upon request.
¶ Cori, Carl Ferdinand, and Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori, in: American National Biography, vol. 5 (New York, 1999), pp. 513-514.

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when in the dead of the night the thought comes across me how I have been treated
10

Darwin, Charles, English naturalist (1809-1882). Autograph letter signed. Down, Beckenham, Kent, 13. I. 1881. Down, Beckenham, Kent, 13. I. 1881. 8vo.. 2 pp. Bound before: Krause, Ernst. Erasmus Darwin. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas. With a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London, John Murray, 1879. 8vo. IV, 216 pp. With a portrait frontispiece and a fullpage illustration. Full calf with marbled endpapers, all edges gilt, gilt inner dentelle, leading edges gilt. With Darwin's dedication pasted to endpaper, Leslie Stephen's autogr. ownership and notes above and below.

EUR 45,000.00

To the writer and critic Sir Leslie Stephen (1832-1904), whose copy this book is, responding to Sir Leslie's reassurances after having been attacked by the novelist Samuel Butler (1835-1902): "My dear Leslie Stephen. Your note is one of the kindest which I have ever received, & your advice shall be strictly followed. It was very good of you, busy as you are, to take so much trouble for me; but your trouble will not be thrown away, in so far as when in the dead of the night the thought comes across me how I have been treated, I will resolutely try to banish the thoughts, & say to myself that so good a judge as Leslie Stephen thinks nothing of the false accusation. The Litchfields & some of my other children are intensely curious to read your judgment. Believe me / yours ever gratefully / Charles Darwin. / I have written on opposite page my name if you think fit to paste it into the Life of E.D.; but I much wish that you would name one or more of the books, written wholly by myself, which I could treat in the same manner for you." Indeed, the dedication "From Charles Darwin / with kindest regards / Jan. 13th 1881" has been cut out and mounted on the flyleaf, and underneath Sir Leslie has added by way of explanation: "The letter upon the next page refers to a silly attack made upon Darwin by Butler of 'Erewhon' etc. I had given Darwin the obvious advice to take no more notice of the creature, D. having already made a sufficient acknowledgement of a trifling error. For details see 'Academy' of the period. LS. - Darwin afterwards sent me the 'Origin of the Species' & the Voyage of the Beagle." - The physician Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), Charles's grandfather, espoused an early theory of evolution all his own, which he sketched, obliquely, in a question at the end of a long footnote to his popular poem "The Loves of the Plants" (1789). Samuel Butler rejected Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection. In his 1879 book "Evolution, Old and New" he accused Darwin of having borrowed heavily from and distorted Buffon, Erasmus Darwin and Lamarck, trying to reinstate these earlier thinkers and with them, the design argument. - Provenance: By descent to Leslie Stephen's daughter, the writer Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), who left it to her husband, the writer Leonard Woolf (1880-1969). Woolf had the book auctioned at Sotheby's a year before his death (sale of Feb. 29/20, 1968, lot 279); acquired by a northern Swedish collector, whose descendants returned it to the trade.

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Precursor to the "Encyclopédie"
11

Della Torre (de Turre), Giovanni Maria. Elementa physicae. Tomus I (-VIII). Naples, Donato Campi, 1767-1769. Naples, Donato Campi, 1767-1769. 8vo. 8 vols. With engraved frontispiece and a total of 130 folding plates (several in the 6th volume loose). Contemp. marbled boards with giltstamped spine labels. All edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 4,500.00

Final, most extensive edition of this compendium of 18th century science, compiled by the naturalist Gianmaria della Torre (1710-82), a Somascan Father and professor of physics in Naples. The first two volumes treat general physics, the others are dedicated to special fields, including thermometry, geophysics and minerals, metals, magnetism, earthquakes and volcanism, electricity, hydrophysics with rivers and ice, hydraulics as well as navigation; botany, animal life, the human body, anatomy; atmospheric phenomena and the perception of sound, light, colours, optics, etc. Of particular interest are the numerous engraved illustrations, showing not only instruments and experiments, but also maps of the Old and New World (Europe, Africa, Asia, America), the Torne River on Finland's Arctic Circle, the English Channel, crystals, volcanoes (with several views of Vesuvius and its latest eruptions), pumps and pumping stations, diving bells, etc. "Della Torre was a man of wide culture and of wide scientific curiosity. His studies led him into the history of philosophy, optics, and microscopy [...]; in addition, he observed and recorded eruptions of Vesuvius [... His] most important work, however, was as an encyclopedist. His two-volume work, 'Scienza della natura' (Naples, 1748-1749; [...] a considerably enlarged Neapolitan edition appeared in 1767-1780 as 'Elementa physicae'), anticipated the more famous 'Encyclopédie' the publication of which began in 1751. [... Della Torre's 'Elementa'] presents a complete and ordered picture of the state of scientific knowledge in its time. Although Della Torre's work is almost forgotten today, he was strongly influential in establishing the scientific climate of 18th-century Italy" (DSB). - Bindings rubbed and bumped; variously brownstained and waterstained; a few plates loose; unappealing old collector's stamps to title pages. Almost never encountered complete (as thus): no copy in auction records internationally; even libraries rarely hold more than four or six volumes, while the eighth and last volume is almost never present (nine-volume sets - such as those in the libraries of Benevento and Veroli - collect all the illustrations into a single volume of plates).
¶ DSB IV, 26. Poggendorff II, 1118 ("9 vols."). OCLC 883699282. Cf. Engelmann (Bibl. hist.-nat.) 198 (first ed.).

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12

Donizetti, Gaetano, Italian composer (1797-1848). Autograph musical manuscript. N. p. o. d. Oblong folio. 4 pp. on bifolium. Later half calf covered with coloured paper and printed label.

EUR 25,000.00

Recitative and scene of "Ognor tu gemi?" from his opera "Buondelmonte", first staged in 1834.

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13

Fersen, Axel count, Swedish count and officer (1755-1810). Single page of notes. No place or date. 8vo. ¾ p.

EUR 15,000.00

Notes in Swedish recording the trial and execution of several persons between October 15 and November 10, 1793. The first of these is his beloved Marie Antoinette. - Hans Axel count Fersen had fought on the French side in the American Revolution; after his return to France in 1783 he had been made commander of the Royal Swedish Regiment in the French Army by Louis XVI. In the years from 1789 onwards, Fersen, long an ardent devotee of the Queen, soon became Marie Antoinette's sole remaining close friend, acting as a liaison between the royal couple and the Swedish monarch. When Louis and Marie Antoinette finally decided to flee with their children in June 1791, it was Fersen to whom they turned for help. He lent the King the necessary funds, obtained the coach and assisted in engineering the flight which so disastrously ended with the royal family's arrest in Varennes. The King and Queen were returned to Paris, and Marie Antoinette began a clandestine, dangerous correspondence with Fersen, who had escaped to Belgium. While there is no question that Fersen deeply loved Marie Antoinette (he probably became aware of a passionate side to his admiration only in 1790) and that his feelings were increasingly returned by the imprisoned Queen, popular tradition has styled Fersen as Marie Antoinette's long-time secret paramour - a myth debunked by Vincent Cronin in his biography of "Louis and Antoinette" (the single source for this story is an account in the highly biased and unreliable memoirs of the former minister Saint-Priest, whose own wife had indeed been Fersen's mistress for a while). However, Antoinette's loyal friend Fersen secretly returned to Paris in 1792 and spent the night in the Queen's prison-like apartment in the Tuileries, and several pieces of evidence suggest that the liaison, which had been forestalled by the events of 1791, was consummated on that night of 13 February 1792. After again escaping from France, Fersen continued to fight for Marie Antoinette's release - unsuccessfully. Fersen mourned her deeply. "The Queen's face, he wrote in his diary, 'follows me wherever I go. Her suffering and death and all my feelings never leave me for a moment. I can think of nothing else [...]'" (Cronin 392). He would never marry, but "lived quietly with his sister, remembering the past. He wished that he had accompanied the King and Queen on their flight and had been killed making possible their escape. The anniversaries of their deaths he remembered devotedly" (Cronin 394f.). - Slight brownstaining, but well-preserved. Provenance: Stafsunds-Auktionen, later sold at Kvalitetsbokauktionen 23 Nov. 1988, lot 6347. A unique association piece.
¶ Cf. V. Cronin, Louis and Antoinette (1974). A. Söderhjelm, Fersen et Marie-Antoinette. Correspondance et journal intime inédits (1930).

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14

Flamsteed, John, English astronomer (1646-1719). Autograph document signed ("John Flamsteed, MR"). [London, probably 1 April 1712]. [London, probably 1 April 1712]. Oblong 8vo. 1 p.

EUR 12,000.00

Previously unknown payment certificate for his assistant Joseph Crosthwait, written to the Ordnance Office: "I doe hereby certify that Joseph Crosthwaite has been employed as an extraordinary laborer under me from the last day of December past to the last day of March of this present year 1712 at the Observatory in Greenwich Park by Order of the Board. Being 90 days at 18 d a day - 6.15.00". "A number of similar documents, certifying Crosthwait's quarterly pay at various times, survives in different institutions (though they should properly be part of the Public Records)" (Forbes, p. 931, citing a total of seven known specimens in the Library of the British Astronomical Association, London, Staatsbibliothek Berlin, Edinburgh University Library, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Columbia University Libraries, and at a 1983 Drouot Sale. - Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal, catalogued more than 3000 stars, accurately calculated the solar eclipses of 1666 and 1668, and was responsible for several of the earliest recorded sightings of the planet Uranus. Joseph Crosthwait was his longest serving assistant, remaining with the Observatory from 1708 until Flamsteed's death in 1719. At this point, the whole of the first volume of Flamsteed's "Historia Coelestis Britannica" had been printed together with much of the second. Crosthwait saw the second volume through to completion and organised the preparation and printing of the third.
¶ Cf. Eric C. Forbes (ed.), The Correspondence of John Flamsteed (Bristol/Philadelphia 2002), vol. 3, p. 930f.

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15

Freud, Sigmund, founder of psychoanalysis (1856-1939). Autograph letter signed ("Sigm. Freud"). London, 27. IV. 1939. London, 27. IV. 1939. Large 4to. 1 p. With autogr. envelope.

EUR 28,000.00

Short, but comprehensive letter to the Dutch writer and journalist Cornelis de Dood, on his last work, "Moses and Monotheism" which was just published. Freud excuses himself for not being able to write more about Dood's "interesting letter", but his poor health does not allow to do so. Moreover, he expresses his conviction that it is hard to believe that Moses found circumcision among Jews, since all accounts indicate that it was of Egyptian origin. - On headed paper.

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Deluxe issue of two print series illustrating the Chinese emperors and the life of Confucius
16

Helman, Isidore-Stanislas. Faits memorables des empereurs de la Chine, tirés... des annales chinoises [...] gravées [...] d'après les dessins originaux de la Chine [...] tirés du cabinet de Mr. Bertin. Paris, Helman and Nicholas Ponce, 1788. Paris, Helman and Nicholas Ponce, 1788. Wholly engraved series, consisting of a title-page, dedication, 24 illustrations and 24 text pages, all printed on one side of a leaf. (With) II: Helman, Isidore-Stanislas. Abrégé historique des principaux traits de la vie de Confucius célebre philosophe chinois [...] gravées [...] d'après des dessins originaux de la Chine envoyés à Paris par M. Amiot missionaire à Pékin [...]. Paris, Helman and Nicholas Ponce, [1788]. Wholly engraved series, consisting of a title-page, 24 illustrations and 28 text pages, all except 8 of the text pages, printed on one side of a leaf. 2 works in 1 volume. 4to. Later gold-tooled, mottled calf, gold-tooled spine, sides, binding edges and dentelles, gilt edges.

EUR 18,000.00

Deluxe issue, printed on wove paper, of two handsomely engraved print series, with each print accompanied by an engraved text leaf. - The first series is a radically revised version of Dijian tushuo, designed to appeal to educated Parisians. The Dijian tushuo, known in English as The emperor's mirror, was a very popular Chinese work with stories an illustrations of the praise-and blameworthy actions of Chinese emperors, originally composed for the instruction of the young Wanli emperor. A manuscript version of this work was sent to the French minister of finance Henri Bertin, after which Helman modelled his edition. Besides reframing the Chinese historical anecdotes for a French audience, Helman also completely reconceptualised the illustrations. Although Helman intended to publish four instalments, only the present first instalment appeared. "Published in Paris just a year before the French revolution, perhaps the volume was meant as a veiled criticism not only of Louis XVI's policies but also of his wife, Marie-Antoinette" (Reed & Demattè). - The second series is also based on a collection of drawings from the library of Bertin, who had received these from the French Jesuit missionary Joseph-Marie Amiot. Amiot wrote a lengthy biography of Confucius, which was published as Vie de Koung-Tsée, appellé vulgairement Confucius, together with the engravings by Helman, in 1786, simultaneously with the first impression of the present print series. The accompanying text to the plates are short "morales de Confucius" from Collection des moralistes anciens (1782). - As stated on the title-page, ad 1 could be purchased unbound, at 12 livres; in paper wrappers, at 13 livres and 10 francs; unbound on wove paper for 18 livres; on large paper to accompany the Batailles de la Chine and hand-coloured on "papier de Hollande". Both series are here printed on wove paper, and ad 2 (usually dated 1786) is, as such, clearly issued together with ad in 1788. - Isidore-Stanislas Helman (1743-ca. 1810), a student of Le Bas, was a successful engraver in service of the Duke of Chratres. In 1785 he had reproduced a then already extremely rare print series illustrating Chinese battles, that was commissioned by the Emperor of China in France. Helman would later engrave the major events of the French Revolution. - A couple occasional spots and some very minor foxing in the upper margins, otherwise a very good copy. The binding has some minor wear along the extremities of the spine, but is also very good.
¶ Cohen/De Ricci 479. Cordier, La Chine en France au XVIIIe siècle, pp. 59f. Cordier, Sinica, 587f. Journal de Paris, 9 oct. 1786, p. 1167. J. K. Murray, "Narrative and visual narrative across disciplines and cultures", in: A. Green, Rethinking Visual Narratives from Asia (2013), pp. 21-22. Löwendahl 647 & 654. Lust 729 & 1133. Reed & Demattè 21f. & pp. 43-45.

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Rare series of 50 views of Russian customs and costumes
17

Houbigant, Armand Gustave. Moeurs et costumes des Russes, représentés en 50... planches coloriées, exécutées en lithographie. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817. Folio. (4), 20 pp. text. With wood-engraved illustration on title page and 50 numbered lithographed plates in the publisher's hand colour. Modern half calf, with part of the original lithographed wrappers mounted on front.

EUR 40,000.00

Printer's issue of the rare first edition of a series of hand-coloured views of Russian customs and costumes, executed by the French artist Armand Gustave Houbigant (1789-1862) in collaboration with the artist Hippolyte Bellangé and the early experimental lithographer Charles de Lasteyrie. With 20 pages of letterpress text giving descriptions of the plates. Most of the plates are (in part) copies from Atkinson's A picturesque representation of the manners, customs, and amusements of the Russians (1803-04), but are here executed in typical chalk lithographs instead of Atkinson's aquatints. - Regular issues were printed with the names of the publishers: Paris, Treuttel & Wurtz and Strasbourg "Même maison de commerce". A second edition was published in 1821 and 30 of the plates were published in Recueil de trente croquis lithographies representant des scenes et costumes Russes. - Each leaf mounted to modern stubs, some occasional spots, the title-page slightly browned, and some of the impressions of the plates a bit weak, the colouring still very good. A very good copy, wholly untrimmed.
¶ Bobins Collection 195. Colas 1496. Hiler 448. WorldCat (7 copies). Cf. Lipperheide 1352-1353 (1821 ed.). For Houbigant see Thieme/Becker XVII, 554.

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First edition of Hus's most famous work
18

(Hus, Jan). Liber egregius de unitate ecclesiae, cuius autor periit... in concilio Constantiensi. [Basel, Adam Petri], (August 1520). [Basel, Adam Petri], (August 1520). 4to. (8), 231, (1) pp. With a large figurated woodcut "C" initial by Hans Holbein. 18th century half vellum with ms. spine title.

EUR 6,500.00

First edition of Hus's principal work, commonly known in English as "Treatise on the Church", ascribed to Adam Petri's Basel printshop on the basis of typographical features. Written in 1413 at the castle of one of Hus's protectors in Kozí Hrádek, near Sezimovo Ústí, the book evidences the author's strong intellectual and spiritual ties with the English reformer John Wyclif, whose like-titled "De ecclesiae" has been written in 1378 (Hus however, unlike Wyclif, did not reject the notion of transsubstantiation). "This treatise became Huss's 'apologia pro sua vita', the defense of the views which he had drawn from Wyclif and advocated. [... It] has a place of first importance among works on the church [...] It is the best known work on the subject issued from Augustine to the Reformation period [and] has had a permanent influence upon the development of the idea of the church" (Schaff, Introduction to the 1915 edition, p. xi-xxxi). - A little more than a century after Hus was burned at the stake in Constance, Luther was sent a manuscript copy of the work and, upon reading it, enthusiastically embraced Hus's central tenets, famously writing to Georg Spalatin in February 1520 that "without knowing it, we are all Hussites". But half a year later, two printed versions appeared almost simultaneously in 1520 - one under the original title used here, the other entitled "De causa Boemica" (printed by Anshelm in Hagenau; the precise order of publication remains unclear). These first printings "enabled others to evaluate (or even emulate) Luther's conclusion [... The text was presented] in a disinterested manner, thus allowing an unbiased judgment of its contents"; it was published without polemical introduction or prologue, and the title page, "which did not mention Hus by name, contained the simple epigraph: 'I beg you, my kind reader, to attend not to who speaks, but to what is said'" (Haberkern). - Occasional slight brownstaining; a few insignificant wormholes to blank lower margin near end; old library shelfmark in ink to front pastedown. Quires M and Q bound out of order (3-4-1-2), but a complete, well-preserved and wide-margined copy. Quite scarce: only three copies in action records internationally since 1975.
¶ VD 16, H 6173. BM-STC German 438. Adams H 1210. BNHCat H 630. Haberkern, Patron Saint and Prophet: Jan Hus in the Bohemian and German Reformations [Oxford 2016], p. 158.

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A Complicated Incunable for a Bohemian Witch-Hunter
19

Institoris, Heinrich (Heinrich Kramer). Sancte Roma[n]e eccl[esi]e fidei defe[n]sio[n]is p[ro]pungnaculu[m] [!] Adversus... walde[n]sium seu Pickardorum heresim Certas germanie Bohemieq[ue] naciones in odium cleri ac enervacione[m] ecclesiastice potestatis virnlenta [!] co[n]tagio[n]e sparsi[m] inficientis [...]. Olmütz, Conrad Baumgarten, 20. IV. 1501. Olmütz, Conrad Baumgarten, 20. IV. 1501. Folio (220 x 315 mm). 128 ff. (a-b8, c-d6, e4, f6, g4, h-p6, q4, r-x6, y4; page count: [t.p.], iii, v, iiii, v-ix, v, xiii, xii, [2 ff.], xiiii, xvi-xliii, xlvii, xlv-cvii, cix-cxxviii), complete thus. With half-page title woodcut, full-page woodcut on verso, large woodcut initial, and printer's device at the end (all with contemporary touches of red ink), as well as numerous fleuronee and lombardic initials in red and green, including five figurated initials. Rubricated throughout. Contemp. blindstamped gothic binding: dark brown calf over wooden boards, remains of engraved brass claps.

EUR 85,000.00

First edition of this polemic against the Bohemian Brethren, written by the author of the notorious "Malleus Maleficarum": a "Bulwark of Faith of the Holy Roman Church Against the Heresy of the Waldensians and Picards". Extremely rare: the present copy represents the hitherto unknown first impression of the first edition, still bearing a slightly different title; all other known copies printed that same year (three via OCLC, one in the Scientific Library of Olomouc, one in the Bavarian State Library), as well as the 1502 second edition, are entitled "Sancte Romane ecclesie fidei defensionis clippeum adversus waldensium seu pickardorum heresim, certas Germanie Bohemieque nationes in odium cleri ac enervatioe ecclesiatice potestatis virulenta contagione sparsim inficientes" (changing the - misspelled - "bulwark" into a "shield"). Quire signatures and pagination depart from those stated by OCLC in several details. In particular, the head-over-heels "u" in "virulenta" (here printed as "virnlenta"), corrected in other editions, identifies the present variant as the earliest one. - In the year 1500, 15 years after he first published his "Malleus Maleficarum", Institoris had been installed by Pope Alexander VI as inquisitor to Bohemia and Moravia, where he was to take action agains heretics, sorcerers, and witches (cf. Tschacher). In the present work, his last to see publication, "he once more invokes his 'Malleus' and his earlier sermons against witchery and its doubters. The Bohemian Waldenses, he argues, had not only perpetrated numerous heresies, but also questioned the legitimacy of the witch trials. It is telling that Kramer, in his final polemic, would interpret the heresies of the Waldenses and witches as conjoined harbingers of the approaching apocalypse" (ibid.). The inquisitor who prided himself on having sent no less than 200 witches to the stake discusses other heresies as well: fol. 86ff. contains an entire chapter "De origine legis machometice". - One of the most extensive and technically ambitious works to leave the press of the itinerant German printer Konrad Baumgarten, active in Danzig, Olomouc, Breslau, and Frankfurt/Oder between 1498 and 1509. The page count is exceedingly confused, as in all copies. Indeed, only a single leaf in the entire "a" gathering bears a signature: the second, counted as "a iii" in error; thus agreeing with all copies available for comparison. The count of the first four leaves in our copy has therefore been corrected to "a i-iv" in red ink by a contemporary hand. - From the library of the disputatious Bohemian Franciscan friar John Aquensis, who in 1502 was to publish his own polemic against the "Picards", with his marginalia and his autograph ownership on the title page. "Although Johannes Aquensis, Jan Vodnansky in Czech, was one of the most active Catholic writers at the turn of the Middle Ages to the Age of Reformation, he has been largely ignored by scholarship so far. Born in Vodhany (some 30 kilometers to the north-west of Budweis and considered Utraquist) around 1460, he attended the school of St. Henry's in Prague since 1473, later studying Divinity at the University there. After obtaining his Bachelor's degree in 1480, he joined the Observant Franciscans and soon became one of the most vocal antagonists of the Utraquists, Begards, Waldensians, Bohemian Brethren, and other heretics. He disappears after 1534 [...] Most of his works, almost entirely ignored by scholarship but apparently marked by a curious mixture of erudition, bellicose dialectics, vivid imagination, and credulity, are known in manuscripts only; a very few were printed, and some must be presumed lost or awaiting discovery" (cf. Dietrich Kurze, Märkische Waldenser und Böhmische Brüder. Zur brandenburgischen Ketzergeschichte und ihrer Nachwirkung im 15. und 16. Jh., in: H. Beumann [ed.], Festschrift für Walter Schlesinger II [Cologne 1974], p. 456-502, at: 480). Some staining to first and last leaf; occasional insignificant waterstaining, otherwise very clean, showing very little browning. Altogether an excellent copy in its contemporary, original binding. The individual blindstamps could not be traced in the Kyriss or Schunke collections; the clasp hitches are engraved with an invocation of the Virgin ("MARIA AVE"). Text carefully rubricated throughout; the inhabited initials depict dragons and other mythical creatures, as well as the bearded head of an old man. - Of the utmost rarity: this present first edition is not listed in German or international auction records. The last copy of any edition in the trade was that formerly in the Broxbourne collection (1502 second ed.: Sotheby's, 8 May 1978, lot 408, to Breslauer).
¶ Not in VD 16 or ISTC. Cf. Panzer VII, 486, 1. Cf. OCLC 22369397. Zibrt III, 5181. Isaac 14475. Werner Tschacher, "Kramer, Heinrich (Henricus Institoris)", in: Lex. zur Geschichte der Hexenverfolgung, ed. G. Gersmann, K. Moeller & J.-M. Schmidt (historicum.net, ).

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First edition of Kant's most highly regarded work
20

Kant, Immanuel. Critik der reinen Vernunft. Riga, Johann Friedrich Hartknoch, 1781. Riga, Johann Friedrich Hartknoch, 1781. 8vo (205 x 123 mm). Engraved title vignette and a few small engraved vignettes in text. Contemporary marbled paper-covered boards, flat spine with orange label lettered in gilt, edges red. Modern cloth box, orange label.

EUR 40,000.00

One of the most influential works in the history of philosophy. In the preface to this first edition Kant explains what he means by a critique of pure reason: "I do not mean by this a critique of books and systems, but of the faculty of reason in general, in respect of all knowledge after which it may strive independently of all experience." Before Kant, it was generally held that truths of reason must be analytic, meaning that what is stated in the predicate must already be present in the subject (for example, "An intelligent man is intelligent" or "An intelligent man is a man"). In either case, the judgment is analytic because it is ascertained by analyzing the subject. It was thought that all truths of reason, or necessary truths, are of this kind: that in all of them there is a predicate that is only part of the subject of which it is asserted. If this were so, attempting to deny anything that could be known a priori (for example, "An intelligent man is not intelligent" or "An intelligent man is not a man") would involve a contradiction. It was therefore thought that the law of contradiction is sufficient to establish all a priori knowledge. 'The influence of Kant is paramount in the critical method of modern philosophy. No other thinker has been able to hold with such firmness the balance between speculative and empirical ideas. His penetrating analysis of the elements involved in synthesis, and the subjective process by which these elements are realized in the individual consciousness, demonstrated the operation of "pure reason"; and the simplicity and cogency of his arguments achieved immediate fame. Kant's achievements in other branches of philosophy were equally distinguished and fruitful [...] His methods [...] dominated western philosophical thought throughout the 19th century, as they do today' (PMM). - Provenance: Librarie Schlesinger, Vevey (bookseller's small ticket). - Some light marginal spotting, occasional light marginal browning or staining. Extremities rubbed, sides scuffed.
¶ Warda 59. Norman 1197. PMM 226.

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Horse anatomy in contemporary colour
21

Lafosse, Etienne Guillaume. Cours d'hippiatrique, ou Traité complet de la médecine... des chevaux, orne de soixante & cinq planches gravées avec soin. Paris, (Seneuze for) Edme and the author, 1772. Paris, (Seneuze for) Edme and the author, 1772. Folio (350 x 500 mm). (6), XI, (1), XVII, (1), 402, VI pp. With 2 engr. frontispieces and 56 engr. plates, many folding, each in 2 states (thus, a total of 112 plates): black and white & hand-coloured (counted as 65 engravings, including frontispieces and 7 text vignettes). Contemp. brown calf with gilt spine label. Marbled endpapers. All edges red.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition of this remarkable book on horse anatomy: the famous "Veterinary Course, or Complete Treatise on Equine Medicine", the principal work of the French veterinarian P. E. Lafosse (1738-1820). Lafosse had considerable anatomical skill, coupled with a profound knowledge of horses and equitation, and his work ranks with Stubbs in the artistic realization of equine anatomy. "Ce livre est un véritable monument élevé à l'hippologie. Papier, impression, dessin, gravure sont également soignés. Il coûta, dit-on, plus de 70.000 livres à l'auteur" (Mennessier de la Lance). The plates, rendered with great skill by B. Michel Adam, F. A. Aveline, C. Baquoy, Benard, Ch. Beulier, L. Bosse, Prevost and others after Harguinier, Lafosse and Saullier, earned the production a long-standing reputation as the finest book in this branch of science (cf. Brunet). - Some plates repaired in places; binding professionally restored. A fine, wide-margined copy of this magnificent work.
¶ Brunet III, 765. Cohen/R. 587. Huth 46. Mellon 61. Mennessier de la Lance II, 20f. Nissen 2360. Brunet VI, 7727.

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One of 125 copies
22

Lanci, Michelangelo. Trattato delle Simboliche rappresentanze arabiche. Paris, dalla Stamperia orientale di Dondey-Dupré, 1845-1846. Paris, dalla Stamperia orientale di Dondey-Dupré, 1845-1846. Small folio. 3 vols. (2 vols. of text and 1 plate vol.). 288 pp. 256 pp. 64 plates. Contemp. half calf on raised bands, red morocco spine labels, black volume numbers. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition, one of 125 copies. - The learned Italian abbot and orientalist Michele Angelo Lanci (1779-1867) taught Arabic at the Sapienza in Rome. For his "Trattato", Lanci studied Islamic artefacts such as the famous "Vaso Vescovali" (now in the British Museum), of which he provided the first scholarly account. Includes engravings of inscriptions on talismans, amulets, arms and armour, metalwares and textiles. - Some foxing. From the library of the Ducs de Luynes at the Château de Dampierre: their bookplate reproducing the arms of Charles Marie d'Albert de Luynes (1783-1839), 7th Duc de Luynes, on pastedown. - Of the utmost rarity, no copies recorded at auctions since decades. No copies in the US.
¶ ICCU UBO3282249. OCLC 41653985. Cf. Gay 2094. Brunet III, 809. Graesse IV, 93 (1846 ed.).

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23

Le Corbusier, i. e. Charles Edouard Jeanneret, architect (1887-1965). Autograph letter signed and autogr. multi-coloured pen and... ink drawing. Buenos Aires, 29. X. 1929. Buenos Aires, 29. X. 1929. 8vo (letter) and oblong folio (209:308 mm). 5¼ pp. (letter) and 1 p. (drawing).

EUR 18,000.00

To the Frederick Henry Walton Foundation, City of Buenos Aires, confirming an agreement with his correspondent on the terms he is prepared to work with the Foundation; re refers to a course of 10 lectures on architecture and urbanism he has just given and to the reputation he acquired in the past two weeks, explaining the aim of the Foundation was to transform the architecture of Buenos Aires to be known as "Les grands Travaux de Buenos Aires - architecture and urbanism" and to be directed by the architect Antonio Vilar to promote an era of revolutionary town planning. - Le Corbusier attached a coloured sketch to his letter to illustrate his plan clearly; it outlines advanced technical an dfinancial possibilities for modernizing the surrounding suburbs, with references to plans for an airport, railways, underground trains, sewers and to a program for constructing magnificent skyscrapers. Stating he is certain that the development of Buenos Aires would one day be comparable to New York; he points out that his stay is limited to a few days, and he hopes his suggestions are of interest; asks his correspondent to maintain frequent and speedy contact to allow him to carry out the necessary decisions. - Le Corbusier's visit to Buenos Aires in 1929 was financed by the Asosiación Amigos del Arte, La Faculdad de sciencias exatactas y la Asosiacion, and Amigos de la Ciudad at the suggestion of his host, the intellectual socialite, Victoria Ocampo. He gave ten lectures to the local cultural elite later published as "Précisions sur un état présent de l'architecture et de l'urbanisation". - The letter on stationery of the Majestic Hotel in Buenos Aires; his drawing with small tears in foldings, and somehwat spotty.

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On classical writings and languages
24

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, philosopher and mathematician (1646-1716). Autograph letter signed ("G. G. Leibnitius"). Hannover, 27. III. 1715. Hannover, 27. III. 1715. 1 p. on bifolium with integral address panel.

EUR 25,000.00

In Latin, with a Greek interspersion, to the "clarissimo et doctissimo domino Bühel" in Braunschweig, i.e., the theologian and scholar Johann Christian Biel (1687-1745), concerning classical writings and languages: "Vir Doctissime. Video me nondum tibi gratias egisse pro egregio specimine Hesychiano quo et doctrinam et diligentiam tuam satis ostendis. Quo pauciores in his oris tibi similes sunt, eo magis tibi favendum est. Nam vulgo valde frigent haec studia quae non sunt [pròs tà álphita]. - Laurentium [recte: Ludolphum] Custerum audio in nova Hesychii editione curanda Parisiis occupari. Quod si tibi liberet cum eo conferre, operam meam offero. Etsi enim mihi cum eo nullum sit per literas commercium, habeo tamen amicos qui libenter literas curabunt. - Rogo ut subinde annotes vocabula Scythica quae tibi forte in Hesychio aliisque Graecis scriptoribus occurrent. Fuere qui persica, indica, Aegyptiaca, phrygi[c]a, celtica collegere. Miror scythica neminem quod sciam curasse. Quod superest vale et me ama [...] P.S. Indicabis qua ratione recte literae ad te curentur et an suffciat Tabellarii offcio committi, quod nunc facio". The lexicon of Hesychius was an ancient reference tool for the study of Greek grammar; Biel was working on a publication of "all the scriptural glosses found in Hesychius". A new edition was apparently planned by the scholar Ludolph Küster, to be published at Paris, but Küster died suddenly in 1716, before the work was completed. Curiously, Leibniz mentions his interest in Scythia and asks Biel to let him know of any Scythian names or references he encounters in his work. Leibniz was at the time, one and a half years before his death, a political advisor and librarian to the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg in Hanover. - Several corrections and insertions by Leibniz. The address has been corrected by a Braunschweig postal official: "Biel / aufm Hagenmarkt zu erfragen". Traces of original folds. Small hole and edge trimming from removal of seal on address leaf, otherwise very fine.
¶ G. W. Leibniz: Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe, Transkriptionen des Briefwechsels 1715, S. 119f., Nr. 84 ("Privatbesitz [?]"). First published: N. Barkey (ed.), Symbolae litterariae Haganae ad incrementum scientiarum omne genus (The Hague, 1779), p. 483f.

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Early seventeenth-century oriental scholarship in Germany
25

Crinesius, Christoph. [Babel] sive Discursus de confusione linguarum, tum orientalium:... Hebraicae, Chaldaicae, Syriacae, Scripturae Samariticae, Arabicae, Persicae, Aethiopicae [...]. Nuremberg, Simon Halbmayer, 1629. Nuremberg, Simon Halbmayer, 1629. (16), 144, (4) pp. With woodcut printer's device on t. p., 3 full-page engravings in the text (including specimens of Arabic) and numerous ornamental woodcut initials and vignettes. - (Bound with) II: Hackspan, Theodor. Disputationum theologicarum & philologicarum sylloge [...]. Nuremberg, Johann Andreas Endter & Wolfgang Endter, 1663. (8), 616, (43) pp. T. p. in red and black. With several ornamental woodcut vignettes and head- and tailpieces. - (Bound with) III: Lipmann-Mühlhausen, Jom-Tob. Liber Nizachon Rabbi Lipmanni. Nuremberg, Wolfgang Endter, 1644. 4to. (14), 512, (24) pp. With additional engr., ill. t. p. Contemp. vellum with ms. title to spine.

EUR 4,500.00

Nuremberg sammelband concerning problems of oriental philology and text exegesis, written or edited by notable Protestant scholars. - I: Early scientific work of comparative linguistics, comparing Hebrew, Arabic, Aramaic, Ethiopian, Latin, Greek, French, etc. in great detail regarding grammar, lexicon, and phonetic inventory. Christoph Crinesius (1584-1629), an orientalist from Bohemia and "well versed in the Hebrew, Chaldaic, and Syrian languages" (cf. Jöcher), had studied and taught at Wittenberg before becoming a preacher in Gschwendt. After the Protestants' eviction from Austria he became professor of theology in Altdorf; the present work was first published in two parts in Wittenberg in 1610. - II: Collection of theological and philological disputations by Hackspan, who is considered "next to Salomon Glass the most important Hebraist of his age. He also studied the Rabbis closely and made use of the knowledge thus gained for theology. Furthermore, he was familiar with the Arabic and Syrian language" (cf. ADB X, 299). After delivering an excellent disputation, Hackspan was made professor of oriental languages at Altdorf although he held no degree. - Numerous passages in Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, and Syrian type. - III: The first printed edition of the Sefer nizzachon, the major work of the great apologist and cabbalist Jom-Tov ben Salomo Lipmann of Mühlhausen (fl. after 1400). In this "Book of Victory", written before 1410, Lipmann attacks "central Christian teachings, especially Christian interpretations of individual Biblical passages [...] The work, which presupposes a thorough acquaintance with the New Testament, created a sensation among Christians and provoked the Brandenburg Bishop Stephan Bodecker to respond with a treatise of his own" (cf. Jüd. Lex. III, 1119). Edited by the distinguished orientalist Theodor Hackspan (1607-59), who had by a dramatic feat acquired the work theretofore existing only as a secret manuscript circulating among the Jewish community: "Hackspan visited with several students a Jew in Schnattach, with whom he had frequently spoken of the Nizzachon, but from whom he had never succeeded in obtaining it. During the visit he made the Jew so trustful that he showed him the Nizzachon, and while the students, as had been planned, ensnared the Jew in arguments and discourse, Hackspan seized his chance, got in a ready coach with the Nizzachon and left the Jew standing. As soon as he arrived at home with his booty he cut up the book, and Schnell, Blendinger, Frischmuth and other men well versed in the Rabbinic language had quickly to copy it so that one could return it to the Jew, who came for it the very next day. And through this fine deceit this evil book came into the Christians' hands and later into print" (cf. Will). - The Hebrew text (constituting the major part of the work) was printed in Altdorf, the Latin text (likewise paginated from right to left) in Nuremberg. The appendix contains numerous passages in Arabic. - With autogr. owner's mark "Ex libris Maresii" [probably Samuel Maresius (1599-1673, Gröningen theologian)] on flyleaf. Front pastedown with autogr. owner's mark of M. D. Winter [i. e. Magister David Winter (1643-99, Wittenberg philologist)] and Hebrew-Yiddish owner's mark "Ha-Sefer jehert [A]dolf Mobring [?]"; a few underlinings in the text. Slightly browned throughout. T. p. of II (Crinesius) expertly re-margined. Occasionally slightly waterstained, otherwise a good copy of the rare major work of the cabbalist Lipmann in a contemporary sammelband.
¶ I: Jöcher I, 2198. VD 17, 14:053983L. - II: VD 17, 12:123782K. Will, Nürnb. Gelehrten-Lex. II (DBA I 452, 385). - III: Steinschneider I, 1411: 5854, 1. VD 17, 23:270299X. Will, Nürnb. Gelehrten-Lex. II (as above).

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An exhortation to fight the Turks, published in 1497
26

Locher, Johann Georg. Libro philomusi, Panegyrici ad Rege[m] Tragedia[m] de Thurcis... et Suldano Dyalog[us] de heresiarchis. Strasbourg, Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger, [not before 15 May] 1497. Strasbourg, Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger, [not before 15 May] 1497. 4to. 62 ff. 30-33 lines and heading line (Roman type 17:145G, 22:89G); several woodcut Greek interspersions (K6v & I3r). With full-page woodcut on reverse of title page, additional full-page woodcut on f. Jiv, and 17 half-page woodcuts in the text (with some repeats). Mid-18th-century boards using an 18th-century antiphonary.

EUR 15,000.00

First edition of the author's first important work, an exhortation to fight the Turks, couched as a Latin tragedy. Jakob Locher (1471-1528) had been created poet laureate but months before. The volume is concluded by a "Dyalogus" against all forms of heresy (and including encomia and dedicatory addresses to the Emperor and the nobles of court and clergy). - Contains fine woodcuts, some of which were used previously in the Strasbourg editions of Terence and the Ship of Fools; at least six blocks were cut originally for this book. "The opening woodcut depicts the author and newly crowned poet laureate" (cf. von Arnim). This is the earlier impression without the armorial woodcut on fol. B6r (as in Schramm); the final line of fol. J3r still reads "tekos" (for "telos"). Typographical errors "Jacboi" on fol. L2r; "Daum" (for "Datum") in final line of fol. L3r; colophone reads "anno christo". A pinhead-sized wormhole throughout the blank margin (not touching text). Top edge trimmed rather closely in places; a few underlinings by a contemporary hand. Altogether a fine, very clean copy. Extremely rare; last seen in the trade more than a decade ago (Shipperdson-Field-Nakles copy, Christie's New York, 17 April 2000, lot 22: $15,275).
¶ HC 10153*. Goff L-264. GW M18631. BMC I, 112. BSB-Ink L-206. Schreiber 4513. Grüninger 32. Schramm XX, 23. Slg. Schäfer 212. Goedeke I, 427, 9.

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Lorimer's Gazetteer, with Hunter's Map of the Gulf - The Washington British Embassy's Copy
27

Lorimer, J[ohn] G[ordon]. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, 'Oman, and Central... Arabia. Calcutta, Superintendent Government Printing, 1908-1915. Calcutta, Superintendent Government Printing, 1908-1915. 4to. A total of 4 volumes, as required (2 vols., with vol. 1 bound as 3 parts). Maroon half calf over red cloth. With 56 photoplates throughout vol. 2, F. F. Hunter's map of the Gulf (ca. 180 x 140 cm) in a pocket at the end of the volume, and 17 genealogical tables and a chart of the Gulf coast in vol. 1, part 3.

EUR 165,000.00

Classified as a secret document at the time of issue and still almost unobtainable in the original first printing, Lorimer's Gazetteer remains the most important single source of historical material on the Gulf States and Saudi Arabia up to the First World War. The set was compiled from 1903 onwards with the intention of providing British agents and policymakers in the Gulf, India and London with a "convenient and portable handbook to the places and interests with which they are likely to be concerned". Only a few dozen copies were printed for circulation to British government departments and agencies. The present set, issued to and bound for the British Embassy at Washington, bears the handwritten copy numbers 21, 98, 101, and 148. - The range of the Gazetteer is extensive and complex, with descriptive text supported by a variety of annexes and appendices, including historical analyses, texts of treaties and special essays on subjects of interest. The geographical and statistical section (vol. 2, issued first) describes much that did not change until the profound effects of the oil industry began to be apparent in the 1950s. This volume includes, in a lower cover pouch, the first (1908) issue of Frederick Fraser Hunter's famous, monumental map of Arabia, here still entitled "Map of the Persian Gulf, 'Oman, and Central Arabia". A revised version was released in 1914, retitled "Map of Arabia and the Persian Gulf" and minus the note that it was to accompany the "Gazetteer". A copy of this latter map, rare in itself, sold at Sotheby's for £8,125 in 2013. In its present, first state, issued only with the Gazetteer, it features a monumental key and Arabic index covering virtually all of the sea, the African mainland, and even parts of the southern Arabian Peninsula. - The historical volume was completed after Lorimer's death in early 1914. Even though it is primarily a British official handbook, based on British sources and written from a British perspective, it contains a sheer mass of factual information which no serious researcher can afford to be without. Many of the photographs here reproduced are among the earliest photographic images of the areas decpicted (including views of Doha's harbour, the Sheikh of Sharjah's Fort, the Fort of the Sheikh at Abu Dhabi, and the desert between the Hasa Oasis and Qatar, all taken ca. 1905). The third part features 17 enormous, folding genealogical tables (empty pockets as required by table of contents) which cover the complex kinship among the ruling tribes of the coast; a separate chart shows the location of the pearl banks along the Arabian shore from Abu Dhabi to Bahrain and beyond. - Bindings professionally repaired; some traces of age and handling, but a handsome set. Bookplates "Library of the British Embassy at Washington" to inside board; Embassy owership stamped to upper spine-end in gilt. Released by the British Government in the 1950s. Handwritten ownership of Sir John Gilbert Laithwaite (1894-1986), long a civil servant of the India Office, on the flyleaf of vol. 1 part 1; vol. 1 part 3 stamped "Arab Bureau, Cairo" on flyleaf. All volumes but the latter with cancelled note "Secret" printed in red to top left corner of title page. Of the utmost rarity; no other copy is known ever to have appeared in the trade.
¶ Macro 1488.

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28

Luther, Martin. Sammelband containing five first editions of Martin Luther's... works. Wittenberg, 1523-1548. Wittenberg, 1523-1548. 4to. I: Der Prophet Jesaia Deudsch. Wittenberg, (Hans Lufft), 1528. (74) ff. (final blank). With title woodcut. - II: Das LIII. Jesaia von dem Leiden und der Herrligkeit Christi. Wittenberg, (Nickel Schirlentz), 1539. (38) ff. (final blank). With woodcut title border. - III: Kurtz bekentnis vom heiligen Sacrament. Wittenberg, Hans Lufft, 1544. (28) ff. With woodcut title border after Lucas Cranach. - IV: Cruciger, Caspar. Von den Symbolis und Conciliis [...]. Geschrieben in der Auslegung oder das Symbolum Nicenum. Und aus dem Latein vordeudscht. Wittenberg, Georg Rhau, 1548. (24) ff. - V: Eyn Sermon uber Das Evangelium Johan. 4. Es war eyn konigischer des son lag kranck zu Capernaum etc. Wittenberg, [Hans Lufft], 1523. (8) ff. (final blank). With woodcut title border. Contemp. vellum with ms. title to upper cover. Traces of ties.

EUR 9,500.00

I: First edition of this translation. The title woodcut shows Isaiah's vision and appointment. - II: First German edition. "Luther had lectures on the Prophet Isaiah as early as 1527-29. It was not until 1535 that Spalatin undertook a partial translation of chapters 36 and 37. The present 53rd chapter is here presented in German for the first time" (cf. Stgt. Kat.). According to Koepplin-Falk (261), the woodcut border (Luther, TE 25) is a work of the Cranach school. - III: First edition. Luther's final word on the eucharistic controversy caused by letters from Schwenkfeld and others, as well as by Melanchthon's position on the Cologne Reformation. Luther takes a clear position against the Zurich scholars and their school. Border: Luther, plate 41. - IV: German extract from the "Enarratio symboli Niceni": a reformatory work on the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed, which describes the relationship between Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The appendix contains Luther's German translation, "Das Nicenisch Symbolon: durch D. Mart. Luther verdeudscht". - V: First edition. A fine, simple sermon which shows that faith is a work of God, not the result of good deeds, it was later to be included in the larger collections of Luther's sermons. The title border (Luther, TE 32) is attributed to Georg Lemberger by M. Geisberg, while Dodgson lists it under "School of Saxony, Anonymous" (II, 414, 1). - Binding somewhat duststained in places; occasional marginalia throughout the text; some brownstaining, mainly insignificant; loss of corner of leaf F1 in III (with slight loss of text).
¶ I: VD 16, B 3773. Kaltwasser, Lutherdrucke Coburg 684. Württ. Bibelslg. E 194. - II: VD 16, L 4989. Benzing 2989. - III: VD 16, L 5422. Benzing 3458. - IV: VD 16, C 5847. IA 147.030. BM-STC German 228. Benzing (Deutsche Buchdrucker) 468. Knaake III, 286. Not in Adams or Kuczynski. - V: VD 16, L 6241. Benzing 1497. WA X/3. CLXXI A. Kind 746. Kuczynski 3290 (erroneously citing G. Erlinger in Bamberg as the printer). Pegg 2485. Knaake I, 361: "Title border resplendent with figures".

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Inscribed by the author
29

Mann, Thomas. The Magic Mountain. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1946. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1946. (4), IX, (1), 716, (6) pp. Original cloth. 8vo.

EUR 4,500.00

Inscribed by the author on the flyleaf: "There are two paths to life: one is the regular one, direct, honest. The other is bad, it leads through death - that is the spiritual way, -" (says clever young Hans Castorp) / To Miss Carol Field Derby with kindest regards / Thomas Mann" (dated Pacific Palisades, 28 Jan. 1947). - Fine, clean copy; edges somewhat rubbed.

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Das Kapital - Kapital' - Le Capital - Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei - Manifest Kommunisticheskoj partii - Manifeste du Parti Communiste
30

Marx, Karl. Collection of the "Kapital" and the "Communist Manifesto"... in the German, Russian, and French first editions. Hamburg, London, Paris, Geneva, St. Petersburg, 1848 (1861)-1895. Hamburg, London, Paris, Geneva, St. Petersburg, 1848 (1861)-1895. A total of 9 volumes, all stored in custom-made half-morocco clamshell boxes or slipcases.

Two seminal historical documents ranking among the most influential books ever published: Karl Marx's groundbreaking "Kapital" and the "Communist Manifesto", which he wrote with his friend Friedrich Engels in the year of the revolution. A wonderfully preserved and magnificently presented collection of first editions in the German original and the highly influential Russian (1869, 1872) and French (1872, 1895) translations. The "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei", dated 1848, is present in its third and rarest variant, which was in fact produced in 1861. The almost unobtainable first Russian translation (prepared by the anarchist Mikhail Bakunin) was printed by the Polish emigré Ludwik Czerniecki in Geneva in 1869. The first separate French edition (an effort of Marx's daughter Laura Lafargue, revised by Engels) is the personal copy of the surrealist André Breton (himself the author of the "Manifeste du Surréalisme"). The German first edition of "Das Kapital" includes as a set the second and third volume, likewise in their first editions, which Engels published posthumously from Marx's papers. Detailed descriptions of all items are available upon request. An outstanding assemblage.
¶ PMM 326 & 359.

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