From the library of the Dukes of Bavaria at Tegernsee castle

Sanquirico, Alessandro. Raccolta di varie decorazioni sceniche inventate e dipinte... per l'I. R. Teatro alla Scala. [Milan, no printer, 1818-1829]. [Milan, no printer, 1818-1829]. Oblong folio (485 x 405 mm). T. p. and 62 engr., hand-coloured etchings by A. Sanquirico (all on paper with watermark "J. Whatman, Turkey Mill"); tissue guards (watermark "FB") preserved throughout. Contemp. green boards with elaborate gilt neo-classical decoration. In same-coloured original slipcase.

USD 75,000.00

First edition of Sanquirico's synoptic collection of his work, complete in 62 plates, never sold in the regular book trade and presented by the artist only to the highest dignitaries. "La grandiosa collezione del Sanquirico, in fogli di grande formato, stampati e colorati con estrema cura, era evidentemente destinata a clienti 'facoltosi'" (Ferrero). In 1818 Sanquirico set out to publish all the theatre decorations he had executed. The inked and coloured series of etchings was completed in 1829. Sanquirico is considered the best stage designer of his time. From 1817 to 1832 he was "scenografico unico" at the Milano "Scala", where he was much admired for his inexhaustible production of new creations. "He is a master of perspective, and a painter of the finest taste; capable of creating magical effects through colour and light. Every one of his decorations is possessed of a unique magic and rich versatility of invention. There was not an opera in which Sanquirico, apart from the celebrated singers, did not also celebrate his triumph" (Nagler). "La sua attività coincise con uno dei periodi più interessante della lirica italiana, quando ai nomi ormai famosi di Mayr, Mozart e Meyerbeer si alternavano quelli di Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti e Pacini, e il balletto italiano trovava la sua nova espressione nelle pantomime eroiche" (Enc. dello Spettacolo). For this present album, Sanquirico used the best paper available, the strong velin made by the Turkey Mill on which James Audubon also printed his 'Birds of America' (cf. Bannon/Clark, Handbook of Audubon Prints, 35). The colouring is masterfully executed, showing exceptional brilliance. Hundreds of fine hues - in the tropical flora, in the precious costumes of the exotic peoples, in the luminescent pink clouds over the evening landscapes - lend these scenes a unique beauty and atmospheric splendour. - Immaculate, entirely spotless copy in the original boards as issued. Merely the matching slipcase shows traces of restoration, otherwise entirely untouched. - Removed from the library of the Dukes of Bavaria at Tegernsee castle.
¶ Wurzbach XXVIII, 196. Nagler XVI, 135. Enc. dello Spettacolo VIII, 1483. M. V. Ferrero, La Scenografia della Scala nell'età neoclassica, Milan 1983, 91-140.



Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Il Flauto Magico. Dramma per musica […] Die... Zauberfloete. Grosse Oper in zwey Ackten. Bonn, N. Simrock, [1814]. Bonn, N. Simrock, [1814]. Folio (264 x 325 mm). Engraved title page, 1 p. of engraved dramatis personae, pp. 3-363 engraved notes. Plate number 1092. Contemp. red half morocco with giltstamped spine and cover title.

USD 18,500.00

First edition of the full orchestral score, with the libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. In the "Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung" of 13 September 1815, the publisher Simrock claimed that it was "in accordance with Mozart's own wishes". First shown on 30 September 1791 at Schikaneder's Freihaus-Theater, the opera today counts among the most popular and most frequently performed ever. - Slight browning; occasional pencil annotations; a contemporary stitch-hole throughout the upper left corner. The highly appealing binding is insignificantly rubbed in places. Provenance: first in the library of the Berlin composer and musical educator Carl Friedrich Rungenhagen (1778-1851), a close friend of Zelter's, with his autograph ownership on the title page: "Von Fr. H-d am 13. 9br 1822 an C. F. Rungenhagen". Later in the collection of the classicist and musical scholar Friedrich Spiro (1863-1940) with his autograph ownership on the reverse of the title page (dated Berlin 1886) and stamps. Latterly in the collection of Pierre Bergé (1930-2017) with his bookplate inside the front cover.
¶ KV 620. RISM M 4772. Clément 1172. Riemann 616. Sonneck 119. Towers 680. Hirsch II, 681.


A splendid leaf from the "Rosenkavalier"

Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, Austrian poet and playwright (1874-1929). Draught for "Der Rosenkavalier". Autograph manuscript with autograph... lines by Richard Strauss on the reverse. [Rodaun, June 1909]. [Rodaun, June 1909]. Oblong 4to. 1¾ pp.

USD 28,000.00

Hofmannsthal's early draught for the lovers' duet between Sophie and Octavian, from Act II of the "Rosenkavalier", after the silver rose is presented: both lovers sing twelve lines each which oppose and yet complement each other: "Sophie. Dahin muss ich zurück / Dahin und müsst ich völlig sterben auf dem Weg [...]". - "Octavian. Ich war ein Bub / Wars gestern oder wars vor einer Ewigkeit [...]". As evidenced by the caption, this is the "addendum to page 6" (of the libretto) which Richard Strauss had requested and Hofmannsthal had supplied with his letter of June 26. It was used for the final version of the opera, albeit in an abridged and revised form. The present text corresponds to the suggestions which Strauss made in his letter to Hofmannsthal written on July 9, 1909 for a revised version of Act II. - A precious document of the collaboration between Strauss and Hofmannsthal on what remains one of the most successful operas of the 20th century. - Provenance: from the collection of Strauss's biographer Willy Schuh.


Alhazen’s optics: the exceedingly rare first edition of a milestone in Arabic science

Ibn al-Haytham, Abu 'Ali al-Hasan (Alhazen). [Kitab al-Manazir, latine]. Opticae thesaurus. Alhazeni Arabis libri... septem, nunc primum editi. Eiusdem liber de crepusculis & Nubium ascensionibus. Item Vitellonis Thuringopoloni libri X [...]. (Ed. F. Risner). Basel, Eusebius Episcopius & heirs of Nicolaus Episcopius, (August) 1572. Basel, Eusebius Episcopius & heirs of Nicolaus Episcopius, (August) 1572. Folio (248 x 350 mm). 2 parts in 1 vol. 1st blank f., (6), 288 pp. (8), 474, (2) pp. With 2 different woodcut printer's devices on t. p. and colophon, half-page woodcut on reverse of t. p. (repeated on half-title of pt. 2), and numerous diagrams in the text. Near-contemporary full vellum binding with giltstamped red spine label. All edges sprinkled in red.

USD 125,000.00

First edition of "the most important work of its kind in Arabic literature" (cf. Poggendorf). Ibn al-Haytham (965-c. 1040), known as Alhazen in the Latin tradition, has been hailed as "the greatest Muslim physicist and one of the greatest students of optics of all times [...] The Latin translation [...] exerted a great influence upon Western science. It showed a great progress in experimental method. [Alhazen's book contains] research in catoptrics, [a] study of atmospheric refraction, [a] better description of the eye, and better understanding of vision [as well as an] attempt to explain binocular vision [and the] earliest use of the camera obscura" (Sarton). "This combined edition served as the standard reference work on optics well into the 17th century, influencing scientists such as Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, and Descartes" (Norman). "The Arab physicist Alhazen preserved for us all that was known by the ancients in the field of optics and added some contributions of his own. His book remained a standard authority thru the 1600s. He understood that light emanated spherically from a point and greatly improved on Ptolemy's uncertain rule for refraction which, he showed, held true only for small angles. He covered many cases of reflection and refraction and his explanation of the structure and function of the eye was followed for 600 years" (Dibner). "Ibn al-Haytham's Book of Optics is now a thousand years old. It revolutionized optics and had great impact on science in Europe, being cited by Roger Bacon and Johannes Kepler, among others" (AR, p. 99). "It is remarkable that in the Islamic world the 'Optics' practically disappeared from view soon after its appearance in the 11th century until, in the beginning of the 14th century, the Persian scholar Kamal al-Din composed his great critical commentary on it [...] By this time the 'Optics' had embarked on a new career in the West where it was already widely and avidly studied in a Latin translation of the late 12th or early 13th century, entitled 'Perspectiva' or 'De aspectibus' [...] The Latin translation was published by Frederick Risner at Basel in 1572 in a volume entitled 'Opticae thesaurus', which included Witelo's 'Perspectiva' [...] Risner's Latin edition made [the 'Optics'] available to such mathematicians as Kepler, Snell, Beeckman, Fermat, Harriot, and Descartes, all of whom except the last directly referred to Alhazen", though Descartes "employed [the work] in his successful deduction of the sine law" (DSB, p. 194-197). The 'Liber de crepusculis', the work on dawn and twilight included in Risner's 'Opticae thesaurus' and attributed to Alhazen, is actually the work of his contemporary Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad ibn Mu'adh al-Jayyani (cf. Norman; DSB, p. 208). The optical study by the Polish scholar Witelo, likewise here included, is "a massive work that relies extensively on Alhazen [and] offers an analysis of reflection that was not surpassed until the 17th century" (Norman). - Variously browned due to paper, but altogether quite a crisp, wide-margined copy, with an apparently contemporary handwritten ownership to the title page (deleted some time in the 17th or 18th century), a very few inconspicuous repairs to the edges, a faint waterstain to the lower margin and some slight worming to the lower gutter. Binding tight and well-preserved, with 17th or early 18th century library shelfmarks to front pastedown. An unusually fine specimen of a principal work of Arabic science as received in the West.
¶ VD 16, H 693 (H 692, V 1761). Adams A 745. BM-STC 383. Dibner 138. Norman 1027. Honeyman I, 73. DSB VI, 205. GAL I, 470. Poggendorf I, 31. Duncan 113. Sarton I, 721. Carmody p. 140. Thorndike/Kibre 803, 1208. Vagnetti D62. BNHCat A 241. IA 103.705. Brunet I, 180. Arabick Roots Doha AR79.


Fine Ottoman costume watercolours, with distinguished provenance

[Costume drawings]. An album of eight fine watercolour drawings depicting... the costume of Constantinople and the Ottoman World. Constantinople, later 16th century. 4to (168 x 212 mm). 8 watercolour drawings, some heightened with white or gold, captioned in German in a late 16th-c. hand, on 8 leaves and a further 24 blank leaves (for the watermark cf. Briquet 917: Nuremberg 1554 or 1565-82). Contemporary limp vellum without ties.

USD 75,000.00

An album of eight splendid costume paintings, by a talented, unidentified artist who may have been a member of the entourage of a German ambassador to the Porte. The subjects in this collection are captioned: "Der Kriechen Patriarch" (the Greek Patriarch); "Der Türckisch Keiser" (the Turkish Sultan); "Der Türckisch Babst" (the Grand Mufti); "Türckische weiber wie sie pflegen auf der gaßen zu gehen" (Turkish women, as it is their wont to dress in the street); "Also sizen die Türckischen weiber" (Thus sit the Turkish women); "Ein Epirotische frau wie sie in Iren Heusern zu Galata pflegen zu gehen" (a woman of Epirus, as they walk about in their houses in Galata); "Ein Kriegische fraw" (a Greek woman); and "Ein Armenerin" (an Armenian woman). - Great attention to both accuracy and details is shown: indeed, the suite may be related to another set of similar drawings in the Gennadius Library (A896 B), dated to about 1573 (cf. Blackmer Cat.). There is also some resemblance in style and presentation to certain of the costume illustrations in Nicolas de Nicolay's Navigations (1568, and later editions). Although Nicolay travelled in the Levant in the 1550s and was long thought to have drawn his costume subjects from life, doubt has been cast on this view, and it is now generally considered that he drew his subjects from the work of other artists and illustrators. - A little light dust-soiling, binding with minor wear, soiling and wormholes. Provenance: from the collection of Ferdinand Sigismund Kress von Kressenstein (1641-1704), councilman of Nuremberg whose father signed the Peace of Westphalia treaty (his armorial bookplate on the front pastedown). Later in the library of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906-89), with his armorial bookplate on the flyleaf. Latterly in the collection of Henry Myron Blackmer II (1923-88), with his bookplate to the pastedown, sold at Sotheby's in 1989 (Blackmer sale, lot 80) and purchased by Herry W. Schaefer (1934-2016).
¶ Blackmer 1887 (with two illustrations: p. 42 and frontispiece facing p. 1). Cf. Haydn Williams, "Additional printed sources for Ligozzi's series of figures of the Ottoman Empire", in: Master Drawings, vol. 51, no. 2 [Summer 2013], pp. 195-220; Metin And, Istanbul in the 16th century: the city, the palace, daily life (Istanbul, 1994).



Gaspar de Saõ Bernardino. Itinerario da India por terra ate este Reino... de Portugal com a discripcam de Hierusalem (...). Lisbon, Vicente Alvares, 1611. Lisbon, Vicente Alvares, 1611. 8vo. (7), 130 ff. (including engraved title page). 19th century calf with gilt cover borders and gilt spine. Marbled endpapers.

USD 12,500.00

First edition. - The author, a Franciscan monk, was shipwrecked on his journey from Goa to Portugal near the isle of S. Lourenço. He was resued and describes his travel from Mombasa through East Africa and Persia. Arabia and the Kingdom of Ormus are treated especially in chapters 10 and 11. "Della prima edizione ne incontrai un esemplare nella pubblica Bibliotheca città di Barcelona. Ed io aggiungo, che è interessantissimo sia per la natura del viaggio difficilissimo che quel Padre compi, sia per le avventure d'ogni maniera per terra e mare, che vi sono descritte, mentre è un magnifico episodio delle Missioni Francescane nell' India" (Civezza). "Livro interessante e de muito merecimento a vários motivos, incluido na lista dos nossos livros antigos considerados clássicos, e por isso duplamente estimado, mesmo até no estrangeiro. Os exemplares sao presentemente muitissimo raros" (Sousa da Câmara). - Old ownership on title page obliterated (paper flaws from ink corrosion); old stamp "M. Osorio, Quinta das Lagrimas, Coimbra". Binding a little rubbed. A good copy.
¶ Wilson 78. Brunet V, 107. Streit V, 153. Palau 290.134. Innocencio III, 124. Salvá 3818. Sousa da Câmara 2850. Civezza 664 ("Rarissimo"). Cf. Macro 1006 (1953 reprint only).


The Sack of Cyprus: Barberini Dedication Copy

Graziani, Antonio Maria. De bello Cyprio libri quinque. Rome, Alessandro Zanetti, 1624. Rome, Alessandro Zanetti, 1624. Small folio (184 x 250 mm). (8), 330, (28) pp. Architectural title page engraved (Cl. Mellan sculps.). With woodcut printer's device on final page and several initials, head- and tailpieces. Contemporary full red morocco, lavishly gilt, with the arms of the Barberini family on an inlaid shield of different-coloured leather on both covers. All edges gilt.

USD 15,000.00

First edition, dedication copy. - One of the fundamental sources for the Ottoman conquest of Cyprus in 1571, when the Turkish forces invaded the island with 400 ships and some 100,000 men, massacring Nicosia's 20,000 inhabitants. Thus wrested from the Venetians, Cyprus would remain under Ottoman rule until 1878, when it was ceded to Britain as a protectorate; Ottoman sovereignty continued until the outbreak of World War I. - A. M. Graziani (1537-1611) studied the law at Padua before becoming secretary to Pope Sixtus and, in 1592, bishop of Amelia (in Umbria). Pope Clement VIII sent him as his nuncio to the Italian princes and states to unite them in a league against the Ottomans. Graziani having died in 1611, his account was published only posthumously: it was edited by his son Carolo, who dedicated the book to Cardinal Francesco Barberini, nephew of Pope Urban VIII. Barberini was created a cardinal in 1623; in 1627 he became librarian of the Vatican, and in 1632 vice-chancellor. The engraved architectural title (by Claudio Mellan after Antonio Pomeranci) shows History, "magistra vitae", seated atop an elaborate Baroque structure which incorporates Barberini's arms. This is the dedication copy bound for Cardinal Barberini himself: both covers show the crowned bee arms of the Barberini family on dark green leather, enclosed within borders of blind rules and double fillets with corner fleurons and two different bee cornerpieces, all set within a wide floral border and double gilt fillets. Even the spine is richly decorated with bee tools running up and down between a floral railing. - Corners insignificantly bumped, joints barely starting at foot. Some browning and slight waterstaining throughout, also visible on covers, but endpapers replaced with old paper. Later armorial bookplate of the collector John Stafford Reid Byers (1903-84), of Waterfoot House, Newcastle, County Down, to pastedown.
¶ Blackmer 726. Cobham/Jeffery, p. 24. Bruni/Evans, Italian 17th-c. books in Cambridge libraries STC 2547. NUC 211:420. BMC 91:156. Maggs, Cat. 697 (1940-1), no. 114 (this copy). Not in Atabey or Aboussouan. Not in Brunet, Ebert, or Graesse.


Complete run of this series of illustrated news sheets issued during the Great Turkish War: of the utmost rarity

[Lorck, Melchior (artist) / Happel, Eberhard Werner (ed.)]. Der Türckische Schau-Platz. Eröffnet und fürgestelt in sehr... vielen nach dem Leben gezeichneten Figuren [...]. Hamburg, Thomas von Wiering, (1683-)1685. Hamburg, Thomas von Wiering, (1683-)1685. Folio (210 x 340 mm). (12), 136 (instead of 138) ff. With one engraved folded map, one engraved folded view and 138 woodcut illustrations in the text (including 15 views). Contemp. full vellum with ms. spine title.

USD 75,000.00

A very rare and extraordinarily interesting volume published as a series of bi-weekly news sheets in the wake of the 1683 siege of Vienna, consisting of single sheets, each with a title ("Türckis. Estats- und Krieges-Bericht") and number, a woodcut on the recto, and from no. 76 onward a date (26 May through 22 Dec. 1684). This series of more than 130 large woodcuts by Melchior Lorck, the Danish draughtsman who only recently was hailed as "one of the sixteenth century's most original artists" and to whose life and work the publication of a five-volume monograph by E. Fischer (cf. below) paid ample tribute, provides us with the hitherto most extensive western-commissioned visual record of Ottoman society and Islamic culture in general. It is here published for the first time with the accompanying text written by the artist himself during two extended stays in Constantinople. Only two copies recorded at auction, the last one being incomplete, with three leaves missing, and heavily restored with the title-page and map partly supplied in facsimile (Christie's London, 13 July 2016, lot 188, £74,500). - The editor is suggested to have been E. W. Happel, an active miscellaneous writer of the period best known for his "Thesaurus exoticorum". In the introduction he states that the aim of the publication was to present a report on Turkish society, customs, beliefs, manners, as well as fortifications and recent battles. The work is prefaced by an account of the Battle of Vienna, including an engraved map showing the territories between Vienna and Constantinople and an engraved view depicting the siege. Lorck's illustrations fall into several groups: first, those of people and things, consisting of pictures of natives of different parts of the Ottoman Empire, different grades of person and trades, with a few plates of horses or things (no. 87: a Tartar covered wagon; no. 92: reproductions of Turkish coins). Then comes a group of views of towns, Damascus, Smyrna (93-98), portraits of lady sultans (99-104), followed by some more individual types (including a dervish), then views of the great mosques of Contantinople, including the Hagia Sophia and the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (113-122), then more pictures of animals (horses, including an Arab horse, camels), individuals and things such as Turkish standards (123-136). The accompanying text describes each image in some detail and is printed across the page. It is followed (printed in a smaller type and in two columns) by contemporary news dated from 2 September to 24 December 1684. - A complete, continuous run of the first 136 issues of these news sheets as issued from 1683 onwards and jointly re-issued with a general title-page and prefatory matter in 1685; the final, double page issue (no. 137, titled "Das Türkische Kirchen-Gemählde") was obviously never bound with this set. Variously browned; slight worming to pastedown, flyleaf and title-page. Old ownership of Friedrich Engl of Wagrain on title-page; later ownership "Seiffenburg" to flyleaf. Latterly in the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his ownership stamp. An excellent, genuine copy in its original binding, especially in comparison with the few copies traceable in libraries and the two recorded at auction.
¶ Erik Fischer, Melchior Lorck (2009), vol. III, passim. Atabey (Sotheby's cat.) 1594. Sturminger 2635. VD 17, 23:231261H. Not in Blackmer, Kábdebo, or Koc.



[Alphabeta]. Collection of 14 "Alphabetum" specimens by the Propaganda... Fide press. Rome, typis Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1771-1799. Rome, typis Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1771-1799. 8vo. 14 volumes bound in one. 19th century half calf over marbled sides with giltstamped spine title "Alphabeta Linguarum Orientalium".

USD 8,500.00

A fine single-volume collection of the rare "Alphabeta" books issued by the Propaganda Fide press in the 18th century for the use of missionaries, including Ethiopian, Arabic, Armenian, Burmese, Sanskrit (Hindustani), Coptic, Greek, Tamil and Malayalam, Persian, Chaldean, and Tibetan. - 1) Alphabetum Aethiopicum sive Gheez et Amhharicum (1789). 32 pp. - 2) Alphabetum Arabicum (1797). 15, (1) pp. - 3) Alphabetum Armenum (1784). 32 pp. - 4) Alphabetum barmanum seu bomanum regni avae finitimarumque regionum (1776). XLIV, 51, (1) pp. - 5) Alphabetum Barmanorum seu regni avensis. Editio altera emendatior (1787). XVI, 64 pp. With a folding engraved plate. - 6) Alphabetum Brammhanicum seu Indostanum universitatis Kasi. (1771). XX, 152 pp. - 7) Alphabetum Cophtum sive Aegyptiacum [1799]. (8) pp. - 8) Alphabetum Graecum (1771). 15, (1) pp. - 9) Alphabetum Hebraicum addito Samaritano et Rabbinico (1771). 16 pp. - 10) Alphabeta Indica id est Granthamicum seu Samscrdamico-Malabaricum Indostanum sive Vanarense Nagaricum Volgare et Talinganicum (1791). 24 pp. - 11) Alphabetum Grandonico-Malabaricum sive Samscrudonicum (1772). XXVIII, 100 pp. (several leaves transposed). With 9 folding plates. - 12) Alphabetum Persicum (1783). 24 pp. - 13) Alphabetum Syro Chaldaeum cum oratione (1797). 30 pp. (quires transposed); pp. 19f. oversized as a plate and folded. - 14) Alphabetum Tangutanum sive Tibetanum (1773). XVI, 138 pp., with a folding plate. - These publications were important achievements both linguistically and typographically; they were prepared by able linguists such as Cassiano Beligatti, Giovanni Cristoforo Amaduzzi and Gaetano Mantegazza who had lived in the countries whose languages they set down. Many include as specimens the Lord's prayer, the Ave Maria, the Apostles' creed, an antiphony of the Virgin Mary, or the Ten Commandments in the foreign language and type. - Occasional light edge or corner defects (without loss to text), but altogether very clean. In two works, pages or quires are transposed, likely due to the 19th century bookbinder's confusion over the arrangement of the oriental-language text. Old stamps of the École Sainte Genevieve and of the Jesuit college of St. Aloysius, Jersey; old handwritten table of contents on flyleaf.


Manuscript of the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar

Ibrâhim Haqqi, Erzurumlu. Marifetname [The Book of Knowledge and Skills]. [Ottoman Empire], 1235 AH [1819/20 AD]. [Ottoman Empire], 1235 AH [1819/20 AD]. 4to (ca 180 x 270 mm). 333, (1) numbered ff. Ottoman Turkish on thin, polished, cream-coloured paper. Later 19th century half calf with giltstamped spine; cloth covers blindstamped and gilt.

USD 28,500.00

An uncommonly fine, early 19th century manuscript of the famous scholarly encyclopedia, predating by more than a decade the first printed edition, which appeared in Bulaq in 1835. The "Marifetname", or "Book of Gnosis" is a compilation of astronomical, astrological, mathematical, anatomical, psychological, philosophical as well as mystical religious texts. It is famous for containing the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar. - Ibrahim Haqqi Erzurumi (1703-80) is considered an outstanding figure of 18th century Ottoman Turkey. Based on an immense knowledge of the Sufi branch of Islam as well as his studies in Western science, he devoted himself to the domains of both religion and science, considering both a means of approaching God. - Binding rubbed and bumped at extremeties; interior exceedingly well preserved. Altogether a very appealing copy with the numerous illustrations showing fine detail.
¶ Cf. Zenker I, 1709. F. Gülen, "Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism," p. 106, n. 69. Z. Virk, "Science and Technology in Ottoman Sultanate".


The first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar, first printing

Ibrâhim Haqqi, Erzurumlu. Marifetname. Bulaq (Cairo), al-Matbaa ül-Kubra, 1251 AH [1835/36 AD]. Bulaq (Cairo), al-Matbaa ül-Kubra, 1251 AH [1835/36 AD]. Folio (226 x 337 mm). 23, (1), 563 (1) pp. With woodcut headpiece before the text and 23 text lithographs (17 page-sized) as well as several lithographed tables (some page-sized) in the text. Text is printed in the Ottoman Turkish version of the Perso-Arabic script type, within double ruled border. Bound in contemporary brown calf with blindstamped cover ornaments and fore-edge flap (traces of repairs).

USD 15,000.00

Rare first printing of the famous scientific encyclopedia, published more than half a century after the death of its author, the Turkish Sufi philosopher Ibrahim Hakki Erzurumi (1703-80). The "Marifetname", or "Book of Gnosis", completed in 1756, is a compilation of astronomical, astrological, mathematical, anatomical, psychological, philosophical as well as mystical religious texts. It is famous for containing the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar. "Sorte d'Encyclopedie, traitant successivement des croyances musulmanes, de la cosmologie, de l'anatomie etc." (Zenker). Among the astronomical and geographical illustrations are a world map in two hemispheres, a map of the poles, the lunar phases and diagrams showing the solar system and earth's orbit. - The printing office in Bulaq, near Cairo, was set up at the command of the Viceroy of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pascha (1769-1849). Almost all its productions were printed in Ottoman Turkish with Arabic types and are today considered very rare. - Slight waterstaining to margins near beginning; a few pages near beginning and end remargined. Binding expertly repaired; in all an appealing copy.
¶ Özege, Eski Harflerle Basilmis Türkçe Eserler Katalogu III (1975), p. 1025 no. 12259. Zenker I, 1709. OCLC 21607393. A total of 13 copies in WorldCat (3 in Turkey, only 1 in Europe [Munich], 9 in the U.S.).


The Statistics of Palestine

[Trietsch, Davis. Palästina-Wirtschafts-Atlas. Berlin, Orient-Verlag, 1926]. Berlin, Orient-Verlag, 1926]. 30 colour-printed maps and charts (380 x 250 mm), four of which folding. Contemporary paper portfolio (detached).

USD 15,000.00

Extremely scarce atlas with attractive graphic design, showing Jewish economic activity in Palestine. A fresh and vibrant copy of the second edition (the only one traceable in libraries). Trietsch (1870-1935) was born in Dresden, Germany, before moving to New York, where he studied Jewish migration. In 1895 he proposed the Jewish colonization of Cyprus. Later, in 1897, he attended the First Zionist Congress at Basel, where he was one of only four Americans in attendance and the only American delegate. In the early 20th century, Trietsch moved back to Germany and settled in Berlin where in 1901 he became co-founder of the Jüdischer Verlag (with Martin Buber, Chaim Weizmann, E. M. Lilien and others). He published much material, such as the present atlas, to promote the Zionist cause and emigration to Palestine. He was associated with the "maximalist" faction of political Zionism, which advocated immediate and massive rather than gradual colonisation of Palestine, though he himself settled there only in 1932. Only five copies can be traced in institutions (Stanford, Kiel, Gotha, Frankfurt and Vienna). The maps and charts cover Jewish workers in Palestine, Jewish land ownership in Palestine, population density of Palestine, overview of Jewish industries in Palestine, Palestine imports and exports, Jewish capital investment in Palestine, etc. - Original blue paper portfolio chipped at extremeties and front flap detached; maps and charts in excellent condition.
¶ Jüd. Lexikon IV/2, p. 1053. OCLC 976000885.



[Palestine - G.H.Q., M.E.L.F.]. Weekly Military Intelligence Review. [Jerusalem], General Headquarters Palestine, May-December 1946. [Jerusalem], General Headquarters Palestine, May-December 1946. Folio (345 x 210 mm). 12 vols., comprising issues 59, 62, 63, 66, 68-71, 80, 81, 87, 91. Cyclostyled typescript reports, coloured folding maps, one photograph of a discovered Jewish arms cache. Original printed stapled wrappers.

USD 6,500.00

Secret British military intelligence briefings on the political and military state of the Middle East issued in post-war Palestine. The geographical range covered is vast, from Libya in north Africa to Iran in the east, by way of Greece, Yugoslavia, and sometimes as far north as Romania. The Review carries both general overviews on such topics as postwar Berlin, as well as more detailed reports on searches of Jewish settlements in Palestine, and leftwing bandit attacks in Greece. Of particular contemporary resonance are discussions on the political makeup of Syria, "The Autonomous Kurdish Republic", and Iraqi treaty revisions with Britain and the impact on Anglo-Persian oilfields. The maps are supplied by 512 Field Survey Company, Royal Engineers, and include one of the major terrorist incidents in Palestine. Three appendices provide details of military incidents within the period of the rebellion involving ambushes on British convoys and an Air Force attack against the rebels. - A few leaves starting to be loose. Staples rusted, some rust marks from paper clips. Provenance: Assistant Director of Medical Services, 3rd Division (stamps on a few covers). Very rare: despite the imprint indicating a print run of 400 copies, none can be traced on WorldCat.