A photographic pioneer in the Middle East, "the first completely realized photobook" (Parr/Badger) ever published

Du Camp, Maxime. Égypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie: dessins photographiques recueillis... pendant les années 1849, 1850 et 1851, accompagnés d’un texte explicatif et précédés d’une introduction. Paris, Gide & J. Baudry, 1852. Paris, Gide & J. Baudry, 1852. Folio (447 × 315 mm). 125 mounted original salt-prints, letterpress captions to mounting leaves and tissue-guards, 3 small engravings to the introductory text, double-page engraved plan of Karnak, single-page plans of Medinet-Habu and the island of Philae. Recent half brown cloth, marbled boards, original spine, brown hard-grained morocco laid down, title gilt direct, low flat bands with dotted roll gilt, double fillet panels to the compartments, new endpapers, original marbled free endpapers retained.

EUR 350,000.00

Extremely rare first edition complete, illustrated with 125 salt prints from wet paper negatives (Blanquart-Evrard process) mounted one to a page. Maxime Du Camp’s monumental survey, "Égypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie", was the first of its kind, the first travel album to be completely illustrated with photographs of archaeological monuments. - A young man of independent means, Du Camp learnt the craft of photography from Le Gray in 1849 in preparation for his second journey to North Africa. By the time he came to Abu Simbel in March 1850 to explore the rock-cut temples built by Ramesses II (reigned 1292-1225 BC), Du Camp was thoroughly at ease with the medium. With official backing from the French Government, and travelling in the company of the novelist Gustave Flaubert, Du Camp returned with over 200 paper negatives of the antiquities of Egypt and the Near East, of which 125 were published in the present work. The illustrations were produced at the photographic printing works of Louis-Désiré Blanquard-Évrard at Lille and their distinctive cool neutral tones are due to the prints being chemically developed rather than merely printed-out in sunlight. - Distinguished as it was, Du Camp’s photographic career was short-lived. After the completion of his magisterial survey of the antiquities of the Near East, he abandoned photography entirely in favour of literary pursuits. - Soundly bound, presenting well on the shelf, front hinge slightly cracked towards the head at the first blank, some foxing throughout, varying from light to moderately heavy but the prints themselves fairly lightly touched when at all, remains very good.
¶ Parr/Badger, The Photobook, I, 73. QNL Inaugural Exhibition (2018), 153.

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Very early photographic record of Constantinople by one of its first photographers, James Robertson: one of the largest and most significant Constantinople albums

[Turkey - early photographs.] Robertson, James D. Album of early photographs of Constantinople. Constantinople (Istanbul), 1853-1857. Constantinople (Istanbul), 1853-1857. Oblong folio (488 x 292 mm). 1 leaf (calligraphic ink title), 21 salt paper print photos including two panoramas. Near-contemporary Qajar lacquered papier-mâché binding, likely Persian, with court motifs on both panels, front flyleaf with sticker of "E. Picart, Papétier, 14 Rue du Bac, Paris". Pink and silver decorative floral endpapers.

EUR 50,000.00

Early, uncommonly extensive album of photographs of Constantinople (including some of Athens and Crimea), most signed by the photographer, James Robertson, created during his stay in Istanbul between 1853 and 1857. Of the 21 photographs present, no fewer than 14 show Constantinople and Scutari: they include a magnificent panorama of the city and across the Golden Horn, seen from Camp Daoud Pasha, sweeping views of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, the Hagia Sophia and other mosques, the ancient hippodrome with its obelisks, views of the Seraglio, Nusretiye Mosque and Tophane Square, the Fountain of Ahmed III, Süleymaniye Mosque, street scenes, etc. Comparable albums with Constantinople photographs by Robertson are located at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (including the magnificent four-volume album of the Comte de Paris), the Getty Research Institute, Harvard (12 photographs, of which only a few show Constantinople), and other institutions with loose prints such as Princeton (four photographs, one of Constantinople) and the State Library of Victoria (31 photos, of which only four are of Constantinople). In all this is one of the strongest albums known with Constantinople content. The five photographs of Athens include a view of the Acropolis, the Tower of the Winds, the Erechtheion, the Parthenon, and the Temple of Hephaestus (Theseion); the latter two photographs are also in the large Robertson album at the Getty. Two final images show Sevastopol in Crimea (the docks and a large, cloth-backed panorama). Each image is accompanied on the opposite leaf by a handwritten French caption of the place recorded. - Far too little is known about the pioneering Scottish photographer James Robertson (1813-88), who moved at an early date to Constantinople to take the position of Chief Engraver for the Royal Mint, as part of the modernization of the country. He was related by marriage to the younger Felice Beato, a pioneer of 19th century photography, with whom he later opened a studio and recorded the Crimean war, the earliest conflict to be thus recorded. It is possible that the Beato brothers - Felice and Antonio - learnt their craft from Robertson; this album, however, pre-dates that partnership, as the photographs are signed by Robertson only. From 1853 onwards, a collection of Robertson's photographs was published with the title "Photographic Views of Constantinople" (by Joseph Cundall at the Photographic Union). - Upper cover shows severe chipping to polychrome lacquer; lower cover in better condition though also with defects. In excellent condition internally, photographs in general in good to very good prints, a few a little faded.
¶ N. Perez, Focus East: Early Photography in the near East (1839-1885), New York, 1988, pp. 210f. R. Taylor, Impressed by Light: British Photographs from Paper Negatives, 1840-1860, p. 363. J. Hannavy, Encyclopedia of 19th Century Photography, pp. 1200f.

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112 photographs of Cairo and Egypt by two of the most distinguished photographers of the Muslim world

Béchard, Henri and Pascal Sebah. [Binding title:] Egypten. [Cairo & Istanbul, ca. 1870-1880]. [Cairo & Istanbul, ca. 1870-1880]. 3 oblong photo albums (31 x 45 cm), containing 112 stunning photographs of Egypt (mostly measuring: 20.5 x 26.5 cm, some slightly smaller: 20 x 25 cm and some slightly larger: 26.5 x 21 cm), all mounted on paperboard leaves measuring 30 x 42 cm. 49 photos are signed, in the negatives, by Béchard, 35 by Sebah and 28 are unsigned, and several have numbers and titles as well. The photographs in each volume are numbered in a later hand on the leaves (48, "19"[=21], 43).Near contemporary gold-tooled black half morocco, with title in gold on front boards, boards with richly gold-tooled morocco corners, marbled pastedowns (nonpareil pattern, similar to Wolfe 147, dated 1840-1870). Kept in matching half morocco boxes, gold-tooled spines, identical title on front boards, the same marbled paper used for the edges.

EUR 95,000.00

An extensive set of stunning photographs of Egypt by two of the most distinguished photographers of the Islamic world: Henri Béchard and Pascal Sebah. The collection is very well preserved and unusual in its scope. The volumes are thematically divided: the first album shows Cairo and daily life in the city, the second shows antiquities outside the city (pyramids, temples, funeral chambers, hieroglyphics etc.), and the third shows cities other than Cairo, e.g. Karnak, Louqsor, Bal el Molouk, Thebes, Edfou, Assouan, etc., along with ruins and other sites from those places. The photographs therefore not only show us the famous views and antiquities, but also give an acute portrayal of Egypt as a country and its everyday life at the time, which is not common in the usual touristic photo albums. Henri Béchard (active 1870-1880) was awarded the Gold medal at the Universal Exposition in 1878. His studio was in the Ezbekiyeh Gardens, Cairo. "His work is distinguished by the superb quality of his prints and the generally spectacular presentation of even the most common sites, such as the pyramids. His studies of people and costumes are even more interesting and point to a very personal involvement of the photographer in the life and customs of the country. His cityscapes and urban scenes were mostly taken from unusual angles in an attempt to cope with the narrow and confined spaces" (Perez). Pascal Sebah (1823-1886) was a leading photographer based in Constantinople, who catered to the Western European interest in the exotic "Orient" and the growing numbers of tourists visiting the Islamic world who wished to take home images of the city, ancient ruins in the surrounding area, portraits, and local people in traditional costumes. "Sebah rose to prominence because of his well-organized compositions, careful lighting, effective posing, attractive models, great attention to detail, and for the excellent print quality" ( Saretzky ). Only an occasional speck on the album leaves, otherwise a fine copy, with the photographs of a very high quality. The bindings also fine, only the boxes have some very minor wear along the extremities.
¶ Cf. N. Perez, Focus East (1988); G. Saretzky, History of photography (online).

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A fundamental book on Egypt: the first illustrated catalogue of the first Egyptian Museum

Mariette-Bey, Auguste. Album du musée du Boulaq comprenant quarante planches... photographiées par MM. Delié et Béchard, avec un texte explicatif rédigé par Auguste Mariette-Bey. Cairo, Mourès & Cie, 1872. Cairo, Mourès & Cie, 1872. Folio. 3 unnum. leaves, 40 original photographs on albumenized paper (approx. 245 x 180 mm) on stiff cardboard mounted on hinges, and 42 unnum. leaves of explanations. Publisher's half brown hard-grained morocco, blind stamped calico boards, with gilt title and figures, raised bands. Edges gilt.

EUR 35,000.00

Beautiful photographic album made in Cairo, the first illustrated catalogue of the first Egyptian Museum. While copies dated 1871 exist, both copies preserved in the French National Library bear the date 1872. The photographs by Hippolyte Délié and Émile Béchard show the halls and antiques of the Bulaq Museum, founded in Cairo in 1863 by the great Egyptologist Auguste Mariette (1821-81). The Museum was created by Auguste Mariette, who in 1858, following his appointment as head of the Antiquities Service, moved the banks of the Nile, in Bulaq, where he assigned four rooms in his residence for exhibitions. Mariette obtained permission to settle in Bulaq in the abandoned offices of the River Company. On these dilapidated premises, where he lived with his family, the "Director of the Historical Monuments of Egypt and the Cairo Museum" converted the first four exhibition halls with the assistance of his faithful assistants Bonnefoy and Floris. The period photographs, published in this 'Album du musée de Boulaq', show the low buildings by the river, almost completely devastated during the flood of 1878. In the preface dated November 1, 1871, Mariette explains the origins of this monumental album: "Mr. Hippolyte Délié and Mr. Béchard requested permission from the Directorate of the Bulaq Museum to reproduce by photography some of the monuments on display in our galleries. Not only the application [...] was explicitly welcomed, but the Director of the Museum feels he must promote the work of the great photographers from Cairo, opening up for them the cabinets of the Museum and choosing among the objects it contains those that appeared to him most worthy of inclusion in the proposed Album. Mr. Délié and Mr. Béchard have followed, for the classification and arrangement of their proofs, the order adopted in the Notice sommaire, which is for sale at the entrance of the Museum. The three plates showing the interior and exterior of the Museum serve as an introduction to the Album. The monuments are then classified into religious, funerary, civilians, historical, Greek and Roman sections. The photographic Album [...] is thus an illustrated catalogue of the Museum. The remarkable execution of the plates allows us also to recommend to everyone this album by Mr. Délié and Mr. Béchard. Travelers will indeed use it as a souvenir of their visit to the Bulaq Museum. Scholars will find the hieroglyphic texts reproduced with such clarity as if they were in direct presence of the monuments. Finally artists will not study from any other work on Egyptology as well as from the beautiful proofs delivered from the apparatus used by Mr. Délié and Mr. Béchard, the difficult problems that relate to the history of art in Egypt". The French photographer Émile Béchard was active during the years 1869-90: "Béchard arrived in Egypt probably together with his partner Délié. He collaborated with him in the production of the Album du Musée Boulaq and in the carte de visite photographs of native types and costumes. There is little information on the life of Béchard. It is known that he was awarded a first class gold medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1878 in Paris, and his images appear in many of the travel and topographic albums until almost the end of the century. His major achievement was no doubt his monumental album of photographs of the most important archaeological sites and antiquities of Egypt […]. It is worthy to note that Béchard did have a great deal of talent in picturing architecture. The neatness of the execution and printing of the final image adds tremendously to the monumentality he was able to reflect in them" (cf. Perez, p. 123). "Délié arrived in Egypt the year the Suez Canal was opened and settled in Cairo. Until the mid-1870s he was in partnership with Émile Béchard. The two collaborated on a major photography album on the Boulaq Museum that was very highly praised as one of the most luxurious and finely printed books of the period. […] Délié's photographs were known already in 1869, and some of them were used that early for woodcuts illustrating articles in Le Tour du Monde. In 1876, he became a member of the Société Française de Photographie, and in 1878 he was awarded a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle in Paris. For some reason, Délié's images, although equal in quality, are much rarer than those by Béchard, even though both continued to work after they dissolved their partnership. His photographs are exclusively of Egypt, mainly ruins, antiquities, and cityscapes, with a few genre studies" (p. 153f.). Perez also devotes a long notice to the archaeological activity of Mariette, a familiar to photography: "Best known as Mariette Bey, this famous Egyptologist became an archaeologist almost by chance. He was a young schoolteacher in the provincial town of Boulogne-sur-Mer, writing bad novels and chairing the local fishing-club, when he happened across the papers of a relative, Nestor L'Hote. L'Hote's writings of Egypt aroused Mariette's interest, and he turned to the study of Coptic writings and hieroglyphs. He published a number of papers that attracted the attention of Charles Lenormant, who sent him to Egypt in 1850 to hunt down Coptic manuscripts, which were at the time actively collected by British scholars. He remained in Egypt four years, during which time he realized the importance of finding and saving the archaeological treasures still buried in Egypt. Mariette shared his conviction with Ferdinand de Lesseps, whom he met in 1857. The latter appealed to the Viceroy of Egypt, and Mariette was appointed head of the department of Antiquities, a post he created and held until his death in Cairo in 1881. During his years there he displayed an unusual instinct in finding excavation sites; his contribution to Egyptology is invaluable. He was also founder of the Boulaq museum. Photography became an inseparable part of his activity. He mainly employed professional photographers such as Délié, Béchard, and Brugsch, but he himself also photographed, using an 8x10'' camera, newly found artefacts and ancient structures in remote parts of the Egyptian desert. It is interesting to note that, although technically not perfect, Mariette's photographs have a certain precision of angle and composition that makes the image 'right' and authentic. This is no doubt the result of his love and understanding of the objects he was photographing" (p. 194). - Spine scuffed, some foxing.
¶ Cf. Nissan N. Perez, Focus East, 1988. On Mariette cf. also J.-M. Carré, "Voyageurs et écrivains français en Égypte", p. 223-249.

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Sebah, P[ascal] / Beato, [Antoine] et al. Photograph album. Egypt and Italy, mid-1870s. Egypt and Italy, mid-1870s. Large folio (ca 35 x 47 cm). An album of 87 albumen photographs, mostly ca 36 x 26 cm to 26 x 20 cm, of which 17 show Egyptian locations. Mounted on cardboard leaves, bound in heavy, relief-stamped full calf. White moirée endpapers. All edges gilt.

EUR 4,800.00

Among the Egyptian images (mostly unsigned, but several by Pascal Sébah and another by Antoine Beato) are a plan of the Suez Canal (with several inset images), Pompey's Column, the obelisk now known as "Cleopatra's Needle" (in New York City's Central Park), the Heliopolis Obelisk, the ruins of the ancient town of Hermonthis (Armant), the Sphinx, the Great Pyramid, a palm grove near Giza, groups of Arab men and women, street scenes, a panoramic view of Cairo, the Mosque of Muhammad Ali, etc. Loosely inserted are a large (19 x 28 cm) portrait of an Arab warrior in Bedouin costume and a composite photo of eight portraits of Arab men and women in various types of local costume, with a handwritten note by the owner: "Bought at Port Said July 1876". The remainder of the photos of this fine souvenir album shows views and sights in Naples, Pompeii, Capri, Salerno, Rome, Venice, Genoa, Florence, and Pisa. - Binding rubbed and bumped, but a well-preserved set.

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60 photographs by Bechard of Egyptians and Nubians

Béchard, Henri. Égypte et Nubie. No place or date (but ca. 1880). No place or date (but ca. 1880). 60 photographs on albumen paper, measuring 28 x 22 cm each, signed and captioned in the plate, numbered 1 through 68. Contemp. green half calf with gilt spine and title "Égypte & Nubie", initialed "B.C.D." on first plate.

EUR 45,000.00

Large and beautiful photographs by Bechard: excellent vintage prints, mostly in superior condition. They represent the popular Egyptian and Nubian types, frequently in close-ups. Nissan N. Perez states that this part of the work of a photographer specializing in views of sites and monuments "has escaped general attention" (cf. Focus East, p. 123, reproducing the photograph of water carriers resting). Includes: a scribe; a sheikh reading the Qur'an, merchants and grocers, a group of ulemas (religious scholars) reading the Qur'an, an Arab drawing water, whirling dervishes, Arab peasants (a fellah carrying water), a sheikh going to the mosque, a game of Mangala, water carriers, mat manufacturers, Sheikh Sadad, a descendant of Mohammed, a falconer, washerwomen, an Arabic singer, a young fellah, a Darabouka player, labourers, a public fountain, a beggar, Arabs at prayer, Arabic coffee, etc. - Béchard was active between 1869 and ca. 1890. "His work is distinguished by the superb quality of his prints and the generally spectacular presentation of even the most common sites, such as the pyramids. His studies of people and costumes are even more interesting and point to a very personal involvement of the photographer in the life and customs of the country. His cityscapes and urban scenes were mostly taken from unusual angles in an attempt to cope with the narrow and confined spaces" (Nissan N. Perez). - Binding repaired in places.

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Berggren, Guillaume (and others). Constantinople et Athènes. Istanbul and Athens, [1880s]. Istanbul and Athens, [1880s]. Oblong album (370 x 284 mm) with 47 large albumen photographic prints, generally ca. 20 x 26 to ca. 22 x 28 cm, mostly signed and captioned in the negative (in French), mounted on both sides of the album's leaves. Original half calf binding with burgundy cloth covers, title gilt to upper cover. All edges gilt.

EUR 4,500.00

A rare souvenir album containing 40 photographs of Istanbul and 7 of Athens. The Turkish images are almost exclusively signed by the renowned studio of Guillaume Berggren (1835-1920), the Swedish-born photographer who had come to Constantinople in 1866 and remained there for the rest of his life. Berggren's photographs were particularly popular with Scandinavian, German and Austrian tourists seeking souvenirs of their Middle-Eastern journey. The present album includes landscapes and city views, famous sights such as the Galata Tower and Bridge, the Yeni Cami Mosque, the Hagia Sophia with its interiors, a "shadirvan" fountain for ritual ablutions in front of the Hagia Sophia, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Skutari Cemetery, views of the Golden Horn, street scenes, dervishes, the Bosporus, the French embassy in Tarabya, the city port, the steps leading up the Grand Street of Pera (where Berggren's studio was located), etc. The Greek views include Mount Lycabettus, a two-image panorama of the Acropolis, the Olympieion and the so-called Theseion (Temple of Hephaestus). - A few photographs show insignificant loss of contrast, but they are altogether in good condition, mostly preserving their original crispness. A few images captioned in pencil on the backboard. Corners of binding bumped; leather chafed and spine-ends more markedly flawed. A fine collection.

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Luxury Palestine Souvenir Album

(Bonfils, Félix). Jerusalem. (Palestine, 1880s). (Palestine, 1880s). Oblong album (445 x 315 mm) with 71 large albumen photographic prints, mostly ca. 22 x 28 cm, signed and captioned in the negative (in French and English), mounted on both sides of the album's leaves. Includes a three-part folding panorama of Jerusalem from Mount Olivet, measuring 82 x 21 cms. Ornamental endpapers printed in gilt. Original auburn morocco with gilt upper cover. All edges gilt.

EUR 18,000.00

A rare and unusually massive Palestine souvenir album containing 71 photographs by the renowned studio of Félix Bonfils (1831-85), the French-born photographer who had come to the Levant with General d'Hautpoul in 1860 and remained active in the East. Based in Beirut, Bonfils produced thousands of photographs depicting Palestine, Egypt, Syria, Greece and other parts of the Ottoman Empire. In the early days of western tourism to the Middle East, his works soon became popular as souvenirs. The photographs were available both separately and as individually arranged albums, but sets of this scope were uncommon, very few exceeding fifty images. The sumptuous binding which the owner chose underlines that this was a luxury souvenir for a more than ordinarily wealthy traveller. It features landscapes and city views, famous sights such as Jaffa Gate (Bab el-Khalil), sites sacred to the three religions (Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Church of the Flagellation, Al-Aqsa Mosque, Mosque of Omar, Wailing Wall), but also sights outside Jerusalem, including Hebron, Bethlehem, the Dead Sea, the River Jordan, Jericho, Wadi el-Kelt, Khan-el-Ahmar, Bethany, Nazareth, and Emmaus. - The photographs occasionally show some insignificant loss of contrast, but are altogether in good condition. A few edge flaws to the cardboard leaves, including a chafe mark across the lower edge where the paper has buckled. Binding in good condition, with occasional scuffing (more obvious on lower cover). A fine album of photographs of Palestine.

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Sebah, P[ascal] and others. Photograph album. Egypt and Switzerland. Egypt and Switzerland., [1880s-1890s]. Egypt and Switzerland., [1880s-1890s]. 4to (295 x 235 mm). 50 photographs of Egypt (albumen prints and cyanotypes), and approximately 40 albumen prints of Switzerland.

EUR 6,500.00

Impressively presented series of original photographs taken at various important sites and cities in Egypt, including Giza, Thebes, Karnak, Luxor, Abydos, Esna etc. The photographs show archaeological sites like the temple of Seti I at Abydos, the precinct of Ahmen-Rah near Luxor, the avenue of Sphinxes at Karnak, the Ramesseum and the Colossi at Thebes, the temple of Khnum at Esna, the Sphinx and pyramids of Giza and many more. Other photographs show the local population, doing a wide variety of activities, such as catching crocodiles on the nile, a Luxor barber shaving the head of a sailor, or a Bedouin camp in the Libyan Desert. - The Istanbul-based Sebah studio catered to the Western European interest in the exotic "Orient" and the growing numbers of tourists visiting the Muslim world who wished to take home images of the city, ancient ruins in the surrounding area, portraits, and local people in traditional costumes. "Sebah rose to prominence because of his well-organized compositions, careful lighting, effective posing, attractive models, great attention to detail, and for the excellent print quality" (Gary Saretzky, Photo history). Jean Sebah (1876-1947) took over the studio from his father Pascal after his death and signed his productions "J. P. Sebah" on the negative, putting his initial in front of his father's. - Some spotting and fading.

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Yemen and Egypt photographs

[Yemen and Egypt]. Photograph album. Yemen, Egypt and other places, c. 1889. Yemen, Egypt and other places, c. 1889. An album of 25 albumen prints (vintage), measurements usually c. 200 x 270 mm, one a double-page spread, many captioned in English. Bound in contemp. giltstamped auburn full calf (378 x 280 mm; spine rebacked). All edges gilt.

EUR 4,500.00

Photographic record of a journey begun in Australia and taken, via Aden, through the Suez canal and to the Mediterranean (and then on to England). While the first image shows the steamship R.M.S. Ormuz in the port of Sydney, three images (including a double-page spread) show the port of Aden in Yemen, the famous water tanks, and a native of the Southern Arabian region in a studio portrait. The majority of the album is dedicated to Egypt, showing Arabs on their camels, the Khedive's Ismailia Palace, the Suez Canal, Port Said, and members the local population, as well as the famous pyramids. The last few photographs show the final leg of the journey: Naples, and ultimately Gibraltar. Among the studios identified in the photographs are those of Hippolyte Arnoux and the Zangaki brothers, based at Port Said. A slightly later inscription on the flyleaf identifies this album as that of Edith Elkington: "Aunt Edith's voyage home to England about 1889". - Some foxing and waterstaining, but prints largely clean.

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The Levantine Expedition of Algernon Heber-Percy in Vintage Photographs

Heber-Percy, Algernon. Argob and Bashan. Moab and Gilead. Photographs from... Syria and Jordan. Syria & Jordan, 1894-1895. Syria & Jordan, 1894-1895. Folio (ca. 490 x 610 mm). (86 + 88 =) 174 large black-and-white photographs (14 ca. 95 x 120 mm, the rest ca. 250 x 300 mm). Mounted on cardboard leaves on cloth tabs. Handwritten English captions throughout. Bound for the photographer in two monumental full red morocco albums with giltstamped titles to upper covers. All edges gilt.

EUR 95,000.00

Two monumental albums with photographs from travels undertaken to Bashan, Argob, Moab and Gilead, presently Jordanian and Syrian territories, in the years 1894-95. Mounted on the album leaves are 174 photographs taken by the British officer Algernon Heber-Percy (1845-1911), recording two of his expeditions to the Levant. Most of the photographs show archeological sites, ancient ruins, structures, Druze and Bedouin villages and the residents of the villages that Heber-Percy visited in the course of his travels. - The first album, entitled "Argob and Bashan", contains 86 photographs of sites that are today in Syrian territory, specifically Trachonitis, Bashan and Jabal al-Druze, which the photographer visited together with his spouse and two sons in 1894. The sites include villages in the Trachonitis region (the Lajat) as well as in the cities of Qanawat, As-Suwayda, Bosra and other cities, and the road from Damascus to Beirut. The album also includes photographs of the region's Druze inhabitants. - The second album, entitled "Moab and Gilead", contains 88 photographs from sites that are today in Jordanian territory, visited by the photographer in 1895, including Beth Ba'al Ma'on, Dhiban, Umm ar-Rasas, Amman, Salt (Al-Salt) and Jerash. The album also includes photographs of the region's Bedouin inhabitants and three photographs showing a travelling circus of trained animals (a monkey, a goat and a bear) encountered by the photographer in the Madaba area. Heber-Percy also published on the expeditions recorded in these photographs: his account of his travels appeared in two books, "A Visit to Bashan and Argob" (London, 1895) and "Moab Ammon and Gilead" (1896), and some of the photographs in the albums were reproduced in these books. - Bound for the owner by Bennion & Horne, Market Drayton (their label to pastedown). Some foxing, mainly confined to flyleaves; occasional slight edge flaws. Bindings slightly scuffed at the extremeties, but in all a finely preserved, impressive set.

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A journey through Egypt in the spring of 1895

[Egypt]. Photograph album. Egypt (and Australia), 1895. Egypt (and Australia), 1895. Large folio (470 x 350 mm). A total of 52 albumen prints (36 from Egypt, signed Zangaki brothers, all 215 x 275 mm, and 16 from Australia, mostly signed Hitch & Co., 150 x 200 mm), all mounted on cardboard, each with handwritten identifying captions in French, German, and English. Dark brown morocco binding gilt on upper cover with golden corner fleurons and gilt title "Februar - April 1895" (signed in lower left corner: "C. Keuth, relieur, Anvers"). Moirée endpapers. All edges gilt.

EUR 8,500.00

A charming and sumptuously bound album commemorating a journey through Egypt in the spring of 1895. The photos include four views of Suez and the Canal, numerous impressive scenes of Cairo, its streets and palaces, with panoramic views, the Mosques of Muhammad Ali and of Sultan Hassan, the Citadel, the Tombs of the Caliphs, the Tombs of the Mamelukes, the road to the pyramids (with locals posing), the Sphinx and an ascent of the Great Pyramid, the statue of Ramses II at Saqqara and the Pyramid of Djoser, the Obelisk at Heliopolis, Pompay's Columns at Alexandria, etc. - The additional photos of Australia, dated February 1895, all show views from the Blue Mountains in New South Wales, including landscapes of the "Three Sisters", Nellie's Glen, Bride's Veil, and Negalong Gate, and interiors of the Jenolan Caves. - Some occasional fading, but generally in very good condition. The brothers Georgios and Constantinos Zangaki, originally hailing from Greece, set up their first studio in Port Said around 1870, and a second one in Cairo around 1895. After the inauguration of the Suez Canal in 1869, which opened Europe to Egypt and Eastern Asia, Egypt became a desirable destination for Western tourists. The brothers produced attractive images of Egypt for the growing market of European tourists, drawing on a familiar genre of orientalist scenes.

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Building the largest masonry dam in the world

[Aswan Dam Construction]. A collection of more than 250 vintage photographs... of the construction of the Aswan Dam. Upper Egypt, ca. 1899-1910. Upper Egypt, ca. 1899-1910. A total of 267 photographs of construction work on the Aswan Dam. Comprises 190 large photographs (ca 25 x 30 cm), frequently with captions in the negative, mainly by D. S. George but also including A. Gianny and G. Kemble Bolam of Cairo (56 tipped in to an album and captioned, 21 loosely inserted within another album, 108 stored loosely within a portfolio, and 5 separately matted). Also, 77 smaller photographs (gelatin prints) of the dam and its environs, ca 15 x 18 cm (including a few duplicates), in an envelope.

EUR 9,500.00

An impressive collection of photographs detailing the construction and opening of the Aswan Low Dam between 1899 and 1902 and of the work to raise it in 1907-1912. The images (frequently captioned in English on reverse) include views of the navigation channel in various stages of completion, the countless hundreds of local workers toiling in the unfinished West Channel and on the masonry of Bab el Maroum, the locks, trenches, Asyut Barrage, the accumulator house, the inauguration ceremony, but also a friendly football match between the "10th Soudanese Regiment (Blacks)" and the "Whites" (final score: Blacks 0, Whites 5). A stark panoramic shot shows the solar eclipse of 28 May 1900 above the Mohammed Ali Channel, seen from Awad. - Owing to its rainless climate Egypt has always depended on the annual flooding of the Nile for irrigation. The Aswan dam was designed by eminent British engineers to provide storage of annual floodwater and to augment dry season flows; construction about 1000 kilometres up the river from Cairo was begun in February 1899 by the London-based contractor John Aird & Co. Nothing of its scale had ever been attempted; on completion, it was the largest masonry dam in the world. It created an artificial lake extending 200 miles up the valley, partly submerging Ptolemy's temple on the island of Philae. The 1.25 mile-long dam with 180 sluice gates cost 3 million pounds sterling. It was opened by the Khedive on 10 December 1902. Originally limited in height by conservation concerns, the dam worked as designed but provided inadequate storage capacity for planned development and was raised between 1907 and 1912. The heightening still did not meet irrigation demands, and in the 1960s the Aswan High Dam was built 6 kilometres upstream. - A few nicks along the edges, some gelatin prints somewhat faded and with occasional creases. Mats generally foxed, with some foxing to the matted images, but on the whole an outstandingly preserved ensemble printed in rich, crisp detail.

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[Italo-Turkish War]. Album collection of original photographs. Tripoli, Ain-Zara, Henni, Sidi Mesri, Sidi Abdul-Gelil, etc., Nov. 1911-June 1912. Tripoli, Ain-Zara, Henni, Sidi Mesri, Sidi Abdul-Gelil, etc., Nov. 1911-June 1912. Oblong 8vo (225 x 162 mm). 156 vintage black-and-white prints, various formats, mounted on sturdy green scrapbook leaves, all captioned by a contemporary Italian hand. Original tan cloth with "Album" printed on front cover.

EUR 3,500.00

Intriguing photo collection, apparently assembled by one of the ten thousands of Italian soldiers that poured into Libya in November 1911. Italy had declared its war on the Ottoman empire in September 1911, when the young kingdom was wracked with economic and social problems and colonial expansion seemed the answer. The largely unknown north-African country was fancifully depicted as rich in minerals, well-watered, and with a population hostile to the Ottoman Empire and friendly to the Italians. While the invasion of Libya was planned as little more than a "military walk", the operation soon encountered strong resistance from the local population, and when Arab cavalry nearly annihilated the Italian expeditionary corps in October, the troops were quickly enlarged to 100,000 men. The "Guerra di Libia", a significant precursor of WWI, is noted for numerous technological advances in warfare, notably the use of armoured cars and airplanes, often regarded as the earliest examples of aerial warfare: Italian dirigibles and Blériot-type planes performed reconnaissance missions and bombed Turkish positions. In the Treaty of Ouchy, signed on 18 October 1912, the Ottoman Empire surrendered Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica to Italy. - The present collection shows Italian troops in their positions, at camps and fortinos, and with their ordnance, horses, and "war dogs", as well as Eritrean Ascari soldiers, Meharists on camels, the local Arab population (as well as local Jews, Sudanese, etc.), bedouins, Tripoli street and market scenes, the port of Tripoli, views of the city, oases, desert expeditions, funerals, the railway, etc. No armoured vehicles are visible, but many army automobiles and - at the distance, a mere speck near the horizon - "in alto un dirigibile" (over the Tripoli port, March 1912). - Photos variously show strong fading or good contrast, frequently with some glue shading. Altogether complete and well-preserved.

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[Photograph Album]. Life in England and Military Snap Shots in... Iraq and Turkey. Iraq and Turkey, 1912-1920. Iraq and Turkey, 1912-1920. Approximately 120 mounted (usually 2-4 to a page) snap shots ranging in size from 60 x 40 mm to 120 x 100 mm. Brief captions in black ink under almost all the photos. 1/4 leather album. 4to.

EUR 850.00

The first half of the photos show middle class life in Edwardian England. The second, and more interesting half of the photos are snap shots that appear to have been taken by a British officer and include military subjects, scenes of Baghdad and the Euphrates, and views of the Bosporus. - Some photos are faded or have minor spots or light streaks. Wretched-looking lacking backstrip, with covers worn, discolored, and detached.

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[Photo Album - Alexandria]. Snapshot Album. Alexandria, 1914. Alexandria, 1914. 40 photographs. Slightly larger or smaller than 100 x 70 mm. One photo (230 x 150 mm) laid in. Brief captions inked beneath almost all of the photos. Album made of thin flexible card. 4to.

EUR 850.00

The compiler appears to have resided at 1 Rue Rosette. Some of the photos were apparently taken from his balcony which according to one of the photos must have been slightly up the other side of a street from the Mohamed-Aly Club. Some of the photos show the interior of the compilers residence (entrance hall, salon, porcelain cabinets). The large photo probably shows the compiler and his bride emerging from their wedding and passing under upraised sticks held by young soldiers or older Boy Scouts. - Some fading. Cover chipped around edges and creased.

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Arabians of Lawrence

Stirling, Walter Francis. Arab Types. Album of Arabian portrait photographs. Syria, c. 1918. Syria, c. 1918. 8vo. 15 black and white photographs captioned in white, plus one repeat in a smaller print. Original board album, acquired from "M. Arthur, Beyrouth". Paper label to upper cover: "Arab Types. Syria".

EUR 45,000.00

Small but fascinating collection of portrait photographs showing Arabian nobles as well as commoners, all captioned and the subject often identified by name and tribe. The photos, many of which are executed as highly expressive profile studies, were taken and assembled by Lt. Col. Walter Francis Stirling (1880-1958), Chief of Staff to T. E. Lawrence. While the present photographs were taken during his time with Lawrence, whom Stirling revered, it is not his British comrades but rather the striking features of the sheikhs and bedouins on which this collection is focused. Among the images are "Sheik Gawaileh of Nejd, one of Lawrence's Bodyguard", and "Sheikh Hamondi, Friend of Lawrence"; others are more ominously identified as "Yezidi Shepherd, Devil worshipper" or "Bad type of Hadadiyim Tribesman". Of many noble tribesmen here depicted, such as Fauraz ibn Sha'laan, Emir of the Ruwalla, or Sheikh Daham al-Hadi, Paramount Sheikh of the Shammar tribe, these probably constitute the only photographic record. - Stirling was trained at Sandhurst and served in the Transvaal operation during the Boer War before being seconded to the Egyptian Army in 1906. He spent five years patrolling with an Arab battalion on the Eritrean and Abyssinian borders. Throughout WWI he served at Gallipoli and the Palastinian campaign until he was appointed chief staff officer to Lawrence of Arabia, who called him "Stirling the imperturbable". In 1937, Stirling would reflect on his famous wartime comrade: "From then [early 1918] throughout the final phase of the Arab revolt on till the capture of Damascus, I worked, travelled, and fought alongside Lawrence [...] We sensed that we were serving with a man immeasurably our superior [...] In my considered opinion, Lawrence was the greatest genius whom England has produced in the last two centuries [...] If ever a genius, a scholar, an artist, and an imp of Shaitan were rolled into one personality, it was Lawrence." In 1919 Stirling became advisor to Emir Feisal and Deputy Political Officer in Cairo, then acting governor of Sinai and Governor of the Jaffa district in Palestine before moving to Albania in 1923 to take up a position advising and assisting in the reorganisation of the Albanian Ministry of the Interior.

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[Photo album - Iraq]. British Soldier stationed at the Aircraft Depot in... Hinaidi. Hinaidi, 1935. Hinaidi, 1935. 90 photos inserted in corner mounts. Approximately 80 x 60 mm. Includes three real photo postcards of Rutbah Fort and R.A.F. Hospital at Hinaidi. About 20 photos missing. Oblong black album (240 x 170 mm).

EUR 1,800.00

The soldier's name and a list of his postings is written inside the front cover. The photographs show individual soldiers and a variety of other subjects, mostly military related, but also local scenes and inhabitants. A group of four photos of a wrecked plane captioned as a group: Vicker's "Victoria" Burnt out, Hinaidi Oct / 33. On the facing page are three other photos also from 1933 of another crashed plane from 1933 with a partially torn off typed caption (Crash at Mosul) beneath which is another (On way to Ser-Amadia). Another group of four photos (captioned Burial of King Faisal) show soldiers, a grave and a crowd.

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Photo album of a study trip to Libya, with 42 photographs

Duemlein, Ludwig. 2200 Kilometer durch Libyen. [Verso of title-page:] Bildbericht... über die Libia-Studienreise 1938. [Libya, 1938]. [Libya, 1938]. Album (180 × 140 mm) with 42 original photographs (ca. 14 × 9 cm), including a portrait of the author, a manuscript title-page with a drawing, two drawings of animals, a manuscript map, and 5 manuscript divisional titles (all written and drawn in white on the black album leaves), and 13 leaves with typewritten text. Contemporary half sheepskin.

EUR 3,250.00

Photo album of a study trip to Libya, containing 42 photographs, compiled by Ludwig Duemlein, who was accompanied on his travels by Wilhelm Völcker and Harald Froese. It also contains some leaves with descriptive text. The goal of the journey was to collect some zoological material and to bring some animals back to Germany alive where they could be observed in captivity. The album opens with a portrait of Duemlein himself, a manuscript title-page, two leaves containing a preface, a photograph of Tripoli, and a manuscript map showing Duemlein's route. The album is divided into five sections, each preceded by a manuscript divisional title-page. One section contains photographs of animals spotted during the journey, including a chameleon, agamid, gecko, camel and some dolphins. Other photographs contain portraits of locals, views of mountains, forests, trees and deserts, local merchandise and archaeological remains. The majority of the photographs are captioned, mentioning the photographer as well. The two drawings show animals Duemlein spotted on some Libyan silverware. - With a small note pasted on the back of the title-page. Binding only very slightly rubbed. Internally in very good condition.

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[Suez Canal]. Photos of the Suez Canal Area and British... Soldiers at the end of WWII. Egypt, 1944/1945. Egypt, 1944/1945. 65 photos. 170 x 240 mm to 106 x 60 mm. No captions or others identifying marks on the photos or in the album. Several photographs removed. Black oblong album. Later twine tie. Egyptian motif on covers (camel, pyramid, palm trees). 4to.

EUR 750.00

With a menu for the 1944 Christmas Dinner of the 111 Maintenance Unit of the Royal Air Force. Several photos show military personnel, probably from this unit, including one photo of what appears to be a whole unit standing at attention in front of one-story military buildings. There are also a number of photos of Egyptians. There is a photo of the top portion of the front page of the August 1945 issue of the "Egyptian Mail" which reported the Japanese Surrender to end World War II.

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[Photo Album]. Plaque for British Soldiers on Mount Camino paid... for by Moroccan Groums [Soldiers] in 1945. N. p., 1945. N. p., 1945. Seven photos and a mimeo letter mounted on four pages of a tied homemade album with paper covers. Photos approximately 160 x 110 mm. Inked caption beneath each photo. The rest of the album pages are blank. Oblong folio.

EUR 750.00

A mimeo letter from Headquarters, 169 (Lon) Inf Bde states that members of their brigade scaled Mount Camino and routed the Germans from an old Benedictine Monastery on the top in November 1943. When the Moroccan Goums arrived in the area in the Spring of 1944 they were so impressed with the mountain warfare of the British troops that they subscribed for a plaque to be placed on top of the mountain honoring the British soldiers. These seven professional quality photos which the mimeo letters says are "enclosed" were taken at the dedication of the plaque. The photos show Moroccan troops, the 8th Army commander, and the plaque.

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[Saudi Arabia]. - Aramco. Photograph album. Mostly Ras Tanura, 1945-1958. Mostly Ras Tanura, 1945-1958. Altogether 40 photographs (most 355 x 280 mm), of which four signed by Ilo "the Pirate" Battigelli (305 x 253 mm). Several addenda.

EUR 3,500.00

Unique collection of photographs showing the Ras Tanura refinery with one of four residential compounds built by Aramco in the 1940s and the only one located on the coast of the Gulf itself. The album also includes group photographs of the staff and depicts company celebrations, focusing on James G. Keck, District Program Engineer in Ras Tanura and Superintendent for Aramco. The four photographs titled and signed "Ilo the Pirate" show bedouins. Ilo Battigelli was a self-proclaimed "pirate" who lived in Ras Tanura from 1946 to 1954 - part of a large community of Italians from Eritrea who helped build the Ras Tanura Refinery. After serving as a photo-reporter in Eritrea, he moved on to Saudi Arabia, where he spent eight years as official photographer for the Aramco Oil Co. - Includes two brochures ("Management Problems for Executives", "Diversified. Engineering Inc."), a typescript titled "The air properties Table. Discussion and Examples", three tables, some newspaper articles and a negative.

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[Photo Album - Egypt]. Photos taken during R.A.F. Service. Egypt, 1946-1948. Egypt, 1946-1948. 67 photographs in two albums. The smaller album with scuffed leather covers contains 46 personal photos. The larger album (thin and black, tied with a cord and with most pages blank) contains 21 photos which seem to be standard commercial snapshots around 60 x 80 mm. All photos carefully captioned in white ink. With handwritten keys laid in.

EUR 450.00

The compiler appears to have been first at El Gedida where he was involved in a fellowship group at the station church in Heliopolis. Subsequently, he stayed at the Royal Air Force Station, Deversoir, M.E.F. in 1947-1948 during which he took several photos of activities of the Deversoir Free Church Fellowship. - In very good conition, only a few photographs browned and stained.

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The Jewish insurgency in Mandatory Palestine: "Only your reluctance to be killed for their faults will teach the Government that it is up to them to clear the position"

[Palestine] - Robert George Conway Poole, British brigadier-general (1902-1964). Photo album. "3rd Infantry Brigade Scrapbook 1946-". Palestine, 1946-1948. Palestine, 1946-1948. Oblong folio (242 x 307 mm). 285 original photographs (27 loosely inserted, sizes 160 x 397 mm and smaller) mounted on 59 leaves, together with newspaper clippings, letters, orders, settlement search map, Christmas cards and sport programme. Blue half morocco. Together with two other albums containing 332 photographs, mostly relating to Poole's family and his time in India, an official letter from the Lord Chamberlain informing him of his award of the CBE in 1949, and large-format loose portrait photograph.

EUR 25,000.00

An exceptional album containing a wide range of large-format images compiled by the Commanding Officer of 3 Brigade of 1st Infantry Division during the end of British rule in Palestine. The events documented take place before the background of the growing insurgent activity of Jewish paramilitary groups such as the Irgun, Lehi, and Haganah and the bitter Jewish-Arab fighting foreshadowing the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, immediately prior to the expiration of the British Mandate and Israel's Declaration of Independence. - The album begins in 1945/46 with a Rifle Meeting in Egypt before moving to Haifa and the establishment of Brigade Headquarters at the Lev Carmel Hotel. Several important photographs show the illegal immigrant ships in Haifa docks, with press clippings of "Operation Agatha" and the King David Hotel bombing, and associated photographs and maps culled from G.H.Q. Middle East Land Forces Weekly Intelligence Briefings, showing Jewish settlement searches, arrests of insurgents, discoveries of arms caches and Athlit Detention Camp for suspect terrorists. Other operations to curtail Jewish attacks are shown, including those of "Igloo" and "Elephant". With regard to the Arab population, there are some large-format images of the parade and "Presentation of the Ramad Gun to Nablus June 1947", which appears to be a large public relations exercise, and the "Programme of Visit of HM King Abdulla of Transjordan to 3rd Infantry Brigade", contrasting with photographs of the demolition of an "Arab's sniper's nest in Manshiya". There are photographs of major military exercises in Transjordan, as well as a visit with the Commander-in-Chief across the Allenby Bridge, while Poole himself can be seen directing operations involving tanks and infantry on the Mediterranean sea front. An original propaganda leaflet by the Irgun Tsvai Leumi warns British soldiers to "avoid getting mixed into the trouble with this country's men" rather than "risk [their] life every day so that the Government may have 10 more years to make up its mind to clear out of Palestine" ("picked up in Nathanya Mar, 1947"). The lighter side of the British officer's command, living under the frequently documented threat of death by mortars, bombings, and landmines, is reflected in a snapshot of Poole taking a dip in a lake (pasted above a "remarkable photograph" showing the burning King David Hotel) and the Monty-Pythonesque "Standing Orders" for the 3rd Brigade's "Goldfish Squadron" ("Intimidation of the Goldfish by tapping the glass sides of the tank or by making faces or by violently disturbing the water is forbidden"). - Poole was born into a military family and served with the Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry from Sandhurst in 1923. During World War II, he commanded a battalion in Burma before commanding brigades in that theatre. After 1945, Poole was posted to Palestine and Egypt, where he set a record by commanding 3 Brigade of 1st Infantry Division for over five years until 1952. The following year he was appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Queen. - Occasional light browning and dampstaining; 2 leaves show cuts (affecting one photograph). A few marginal tears, one leaf detached and loose. Covers lightly stained, extremities somewhat rubbed. A unique and important survival.

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The photo album of an Aramco pioneer

[Saudi Arabia]. - Aramco. Original photographs from the estate of Lester M.... Snyder (1905-2000), vice president and member of the board of Aramco. Saudi Arabia, 1950-1960s. Saudi Arabia, 1950-1960s. An album of 66 black-and-white photographs (gelatin silver prints), measurements between 7.6 x 7.6 cm and 35 x 28 cm. Includes additional memorabilia.

EUR 7,500.00

Unique photo album from the estate of Aramco pioneer Les Synder, memorializing his more than three decades with Aramco and Socal upon his retirement in 1963. The photographs focus on his final decade in Dhahran, including images of HRH King Abdulaziz and HRH King Saud, desert scenes, Badawin life, falconry, but also life at the Aramco compound at Dhahran, impressive aerial shots as well as details of the oil wells and the city, the Ras Tanura oil terminal, and even a few images of Mekka and the Kaaba. Four pages of signatures by Aramco team members bear witness to the high regard in which Snyder was held by his colleagues and employees, as do the included letters, telegrams and miscellaneous items regarding his farewell. A special "Sun and Flare" edition (June 1963), also included, honours Snyder and his wife Betty for their lifelong service and dedication to Aramco. - During his nearly three decades in Saudi Arabia, Snyder played a key role in the development of the kingdom's vast oil reserves. He joined Standard Oil of California as early as 1931 and transferred to the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc, later Aramco) in 1939, arriving in Dhahran in April, only a year after the discovery of what soon would be recognized as the largest source of crude oil in the world. He was present on May 1st when the tanker "D. G. Scofield" took on the first shipment of Saudi Arab oil ever to be loaded at Ras Tanura, an event also attended by HRH King Adulaziz. Snyder returned to San Francisco in 1943 to work on plans for the Ras Tanura refinery, but was back in Dhahran in 1952 when the site was made Aramco's executive headquarters, soon rising to the position of vice president and general manager for Operations. - A fine collection of photographs in excellent tonal quality throughout, wonderfully preserved in a somewhat worn album.

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