Snouck Hurgronje, C[hristian]. Mekka in the Latter Part of the 19th... Century. Daily Life, Customs and Learning. Leyden & London, E. J. Brill & Luzac, 1931. Leyden & London, E. J. Brill & Luzac, 1931. Large 8vo. VI, 309, (3) pp. With 20 half-tone plates, folding plan of Mecca, and plan of the Haram. Original blue cloth.

EUR 1,250.00

First English edition of the 2-volume German work published in 1888-89. The Dutch orientalist Snouck spent a year in Mecca and Jeddah during 1884/85 and was married to a Mecca woman. He was the first non-Muslim to visit the city outside the annual pilgrimage. The photographs, taken by himself and an Arabic physician, are among the earliest to show Mecca and its pilgrims. - Extremeties rubbed and bumped; spine rebacked. Interior slightly browned, but clean and well-preserved. Contemp. ms. ownership to flyleaf.
¶ Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 1238. Cf. Fück 231. OCLC 1088989.

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Investigation into the sanitary and health measures during the Hajj in the late 19th century, with 19 photographs of Mekka, Medina, Jeddah, and more

Soubhy, Saleh. Pèlerinage à la Mecque et à Médine. Précédé... d'un aperçu sur l'islamisme et suivi de considérations générales au point de vue sanitaire et d'un appendice sur la circoncision. Cairo, Imprimerie Nationale, 1894. Cairo, Imprimerie Nationale, 1894. 8vo. 129, (3) pp. With 19 plates with reproductions of photographs. Modern green cloth.

EUR 5,000.00

First and only edition of a report on the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina written by the Egyptian doctor Saleh Soubhy. Soubhy worked as a health inspector at Cairo, and was appointed by khedive Abbas Hilmi II (1874-1944) to investigate the sanitary conditions of the Egyptian pilgrimage caravan to Mecca and Medina. Soubhy travelled to the Hijaz in 1888 and 1892, and published his experiences in the present work. "The French-educated doctor, Soubhy, wrote for a foreign audience in order to show both the sanctity and orderliness of the Hajj, regulated by quarantines and public health measures through which a great number of pilgrims flowed" (Sheehi). With this work, "a carefully composed defense of Islam" (Marmon), Soubhy also tried to portray Islam is as an acceptable religion to his European colleagues. The book also includes some important early photographs of Mecca and Medina, taken by Muhammad Sadiq Bey (1832-1902), the first to photograph the holy cities, and al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Ghaffar (active 1880's). - With a bookplate on paste-down. Upper outer corner of half-title restored, tiny piece of the same corner torn off from the title-page, browned throughout, half-title smudged, and a few plates slightly thumbed, otherwise in good condition.
¶ S. Marmon, Eunuchs and sacred boundaries in Islamic society, p. 103. S. Sheehi, The Arab imago: a social history of portrait photography, 1860-1910, p. 166f.

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Tamisier, Maurice. Voyage en Arabie. Séjour dans le Hedjaz. Campagne... d'Assir. Paris, Louis Desessart, 1840. Paris, Louis Desessart, 1840. 8vo. 2 pts. in 1 vol. (4), 399, (1) pp. (4), 402 pp. With folding engr. map. Contemp. marbled half calf with giltstamped title to spine.

EUR 2,800.00

First edition; rare. - The work of a sympathetic observer who made an extraordinary journey. Tamisier accompanied the Egyptian forces to Arabia in 1833/34 as chief of the Medical Corps. Bearded and in Arab dress, he visited areas never seen by a westerner before. The author describes Jeddah and the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina from different parts of the Muslim world, as well as Ta’if, the Asir region, the Bedouins of Outeiba and Khamis Moushait, etc. Tamisier was offered the post of secretary to the chief medical officer of the punitive expedition against the Wahhabis. He focuses on the country he saw and the people he encountered on his journey from Jeddah into the Nejd and south to the borders of Yemen, taking particular interest in the medical conditions of the populace. - Binding slightly rubbed. The Burrell copy fetched £2,000 at Sotheby's in 1999 (lot 801).
¶ Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 2163. Weber IV, 279. Gay 3608. NYPL Arabia coll. 172. OCLC 2569222. Not in Atabey or Blackmer.

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About 135 lithographic paper cut-outs (not cut out) for a caravan to Mecca

[Trentsensky, Joseph]. Carawane nach Mecca. Vienna, Matthias Trentsensky (printed by E. Sieger), [ca. 1855]. Vienna, Matthias Trentsensky (printed by E. Sieger), [ca. 1855]. Oblong folio (400 x 250 mm). With 19 (of 24) numbered leaves containing about 135 lithographic pen-drawings of people, animals, equipment & gear and goods, from a caravan travelling to Mecca, each drawing including a base so that one can cut them out, paste them on card stock, stand them up and arrange them in three-dimensional scenes. Lacking leaves 1-5 (of 24). Loose leaves in a later paper folder.

EUR 8,500.00

All but the first five leaves of a very rare lithographic print series issued in parts. Most copies were probably cut up (and perhaps coloured) by children and destroyed in play. The human figures to be cut out include Turkish, Arabic, African and Near Eastern men and women (black and white) in Islamic clothing, including both masters and servants, some of the men with a variety of firearms, spears, daggers, pipes (straight pipes and hookah water-pipes), prayer rugs, and other gear and goods, and servants setting up a tent. There are also camels (both single-humped dromedaries and two-humped Bactrian camels), horses and donkeys, often with their gear for riding or for carrying loads. The wild animals include wolves, a hyena and an ostrich. Inanimate objects include containers for water, an incense burner, baskets, chests, barrels, camel saddles and much more. The series must have provided many children and adults with their first notion of Islamic society and culture and is rich in authentic details, such as a dromedary with its left front leg bent up and tied around the knee. Kleine Welt des Bilderbogens dates the series ca. 1855, just after Sir Richard Burton's famous successful visit to Mecca disguised as an Islamic Afghan in 1853 (he was one of the few Europeans who had ever visited Mecca and lived to tell of it). The complete series of 24 leaves comprised four groups of leaves, each leaf with the title, relevant subtitle and imprint (without date) at the foot: 1-6: Die Ueberbringung des heiligen Teppich. 7-13: Die Reise durch die Wüste. 14-16: Das Lager in der Wüste. 17-24: Die Gefahren der Wüste. The artist is not named. The drawings are printed on unwatermarked wove paper. Since the paper is fairly thin and the drawn bases have no folding tabs, the publisher probably intended the cut-outs to be pasted onto card stock with a folding tab at the foot of the base so that they could stand with no other support. - With an occasional pencil mark. Lacking leaves 1-5 (all but the last leaf of the first group), but otherwise in good condition (remarkable good considering the wear and tear that most such items see) and with the other three groups complete. The whole is slightly browned and the edges somewhat tattered (1 small tear slightly affects one camel and another very slightly affects one drawn base). Richly detailed lithographic drawings for about 135 paper cut-outs for a Caravan to Mecca.
¶ Kleine Welt des Bilderbogens: der Wiener Verlag Trentsensky (1977), 111. Katharina Siefert, ed., Paläste, Panzer, Pop-up-Bücher: Papierwelten in 3D (2009), with a chapter, "Die Carawane nach Mecca", pp. 31-38. Not in KVK; WorldCat.

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The first European in Mecca

Varthema, Lodovico di. Hodaeporicon Indiae Orientalis; Das ist: Warhafftige Beschreibung der... ansehnlich lobwürdigen Reyß, welche der edel, gestreng und weiterfahrne Ritter, H. Ludwig di Barthema von Bononien aus Italia bürtig, in die Orientalische und Morgenländer, Syrien, beide Arabien, Persien und Indien, auch in Egypten und Ethyopien, zu Land und Wasser persönlich verrichtet [...]. Leipzig, Henning Groß, 1608. Leipzig, Henning Groß, 1608. 8vo. (24), 402, (22) pp., final blank f. Title page printed in red and black. With 21 folding engr. plates and woodcut device at the end. Contemp. vellum with ms. spine title. Traces of ties.

EUR 28,000.00

Excessively rare first printing of Hieronymus Megiser's German translation: Ludovico di Varthema's famous account of travels to Arabia, Syria, Persia, Ethiopia, India and the East Indies; a highly important and adventurous narrative including his 1503 visit to Mecca and Medina, the first recorded visit of a European (probably of any non-Muslim) to the Islamic holy cities. "Varthema's Itinerario, first published in 1510, had an enormous impact at the time, and in some respects determined the course of European expansion towards the Orient" (Howgego). The 1510 edition, published in Italian at Rome, had no illustrations. The illustrations in this early 17th century edition include a map of the Arabian Peninsula as well as a separate one of only the Gulf (both identifying "Catura", i.e., Qatar), a view of Aden, riders on Arabian horses, a view of Damascus and the Arab costume as worn in Syria, an elephant, etc. - Ludovico di Varthema or Barthema (ca. 1468-1517) sailed from Venice to Egypt in 1502 and travelled through Alexandria, Beirut, Tripoli and Aleppo, arriving in Damascus in April 1503. There he enrolled in the Mameluke garrison and proceeded overland to Khaybar, Medina and Mecca, thereby becoming the first European to enter the two holiest cities of Islam. His travels took him further to South Arabia, Persia, India, Goa, Cochin, and supposedly the Malay isthmus, Sumatra, Banda, the Moluccas, the Spice Islands, Borneo, Java and Malacca. It has often been suggested, however, that he never came further east than Ceylon and that the account of the rest of his journey was assembled from stories passed on by others, but even in these regions much of his information appears to be accurate. Thanks to his knowledge of Arabic and of Islam, Varthema was able to appreciate the local culture of the places he visited. Impressed and fascinated, he describes not only rites and rituals, but also social and geographical aspects and details of daily life. He gives a detailed description of Mecca and the Islamic pilgrimage, and his description of the Hejaz (the west coast of Arabia on the Red Sea, including Mecca and Medina) is especially valuable as it pre-dates the Ottoman occupation of 1520. He finally returned to Lisbon in 1508. - Varthema's account became a bestseller as soon as it appeared in 1510 and went through about twenty editions in various languages in the next fifty years. It certainly provided many Europeans with their first glimpse of Islamic culture and of non-European cultures in general. This first edition of this translation is so rare that Röhricht doubted its existence. - Somewhat browned throughout due to paper. Several contemp. underlinings and marginalia in red and black ink. Contemp. ownership "Michael Thomas, Ao. 1635, 1 Octobris" on t.p. and note of acquisition ("const. 8 ggr") on flyleaf (with later ownership "A. U. D. S. 1715" and further provenance note "Aus des Vice Praesid. Fryers Erbschafft" on pastedown).
¶ VD 17, 39:129377V. Goedeke I, p. 379, no. 17, item 9 (note). Röhricht 574, p. 165. Cf. Cordier, Indosinica, col. 104 (1610 reprint only). Macro 2239f.; Gay 140; Blackmer 1719; Carter, Sea of Pearls, p. 68; Cox I, p. 260; Howgego, to 1800, V15 (other eds. only). D. F. Lach, Asia in the making of Europe I, pp. 164-166, 503, 593-594 & passim. Not in Atabey.

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A large-paper copy from the library of Cardinal Richelieu

Vien, Joseph-Marie. Caravanne du Sultan à la Mecque: Mascarade turque... faite à Rome par Messieurs les pensionnaires de l'Académie de France et leurs amis au carnaval de l'année 1748. [Paris, c. 1749]. [Paris, c. 1749]. Folio (368 x 255 mm). Etched and engraved title and 31 etched plates (numbered 1-30 and one unnumbered). Contemp. French red morocco gilt, arms of Louis-François-Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac on covers (Olivier 407, fer 15), within gilt border of Richelieu’s repeated motif of two crossed batons intertwined with an ornamental “R”, repeated with coronet within arabesques at the corners, spine gilt in compartments with same motif.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition; a large-paper copy with Richelieu's arms. Vien's charming series of etchings depicts the costumes worn by members of the French Academy in Rome for a "Turkish masquerade" held during the Carnival celebrations of 1748. This masque is an outstanding example of the influence the orient exerted on western style during the late-Baroque era, showcasing the degree to which cultural transfer was possible and even a matter of enthusiastic adoption by the west but little more than half a century after the siege of Vienna. The elaborate masquerades at the French Academy constituted an important fixture in the Roman calendar. As director of the Academy, Vien organised the masque of 1748, the fabulous costumes of which are presented here, designed, drawn and etched by Vien himself. The costumes in the present suite are "a curious mixture of authentic Turkish habits and European invention" (Blackmer), showing the stock figures of the Turkish court liberally enhanced with elements of Vien's own concoction. The fantastical nature of the creations is a far cry from the sober neo-classical style with which Vien is commonly associated (his pupils included some of the foremost artists of the period, notably Jacques-Louis David). Vien's original drawings and oil paintings for the Mascarade are held by the Musée du Petit Palais; they were exhibited in Berlin in 1989. - Some marginal dampstaining and foxing, binding rebacked retaining most of original spine, corners repaired. This copy commanded $26,000 at Christie's New York in 1997. Provenance: from the library of Louis-François-Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac (1696-1788), a close friend of Louis XV of France, though critical of Madame de Pompadour.
¶ Atabey 1288. Lipperheide Sm 10. Colas 3005 (suggesting the plates are un-numbered). Hiler 879. Le Blanc II, 122, 8-39. Cohen/R. 1014f. Brunet V, 1211. Cf. Blackmer 1730. Cf. Gay 3644. Graesse VI/2, 311 (Paris, Bassan et Poignan).

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