English Bible Manuscript
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[Biblia latina]. Latin manuscript on vellum. Northern France or England?, ca 1300. Northern France or England?, ca 1300. 4to (150 x 195 mm). 440 ff. (quires: a-f16, g18, h-x16, y12, zA-D16, E10; recent pencil foliation). 55 lines, 2 columns (written space ca. 75 x 125 mm). Miniscule gothic bookhand in blank ink; emphases in red, page captions, chapter numbers, rubrication and Lombardic initials in red and blue, numerous red and blue initials with elaborate penwork in complementary colours. 16th century auburn morocco on four raised double bands, gilt spine ornaments, both covers with fleurons to corners, multiple rules along the edges, and gilt coat of arms (quarterly, a goat rampant and a sheaf of corn; inescutcheon a lion rampant; not in Olivier), dated "1587" on upper cover. 4 modern cloth ties. Stored in custom-made half morocco case.

EUR 175,000.00

A beautiful, complete mediaeval Bible written in a miniscule bookhand on extremely delicate vellum, probably copied in England or commissioned from there. As is common, the Bible is prefaced with the epistle of St Jerome to Paulinus (53: "Frater Ambrosius [...] moriturum", fols. 1r-3r), followed by Jerome's prologue to the Pentateuch ("Desiderii mei [...] in latinum eos transferre sermonem. Amen"); the text of Genesis begins on fol. 4r. The Second Book of Kings is followed by the Book of Isaiah (139v) and the Prophets; on fol. 227r follow the Book of Job and the Poetic Books; 287v ff. contain the Books of Chronicles and the historical books to 2 Maccabees; the New Testament begins on fol. 351r. - Some page headings and penwork flourishes slightly trimmed, still an uncommonly wide-margined specimen. Occasional flaws in the vellum were carefully avoided by the scribes. The margins contain numerous contemporary and later annotations in what appear to be four different hands (a number of which are also very slightly trimmed), some exceedingly delicate: one 8-line annotation measures no more than 10 mm! The early marginalia would appear to be in a 15th century English hand; at least one (at the lower edge of fol. 41v) is an extract from the Psalm commentary of the Yorkshire mystic Richard Rolle (d. 1349). Furthermore, the plummet lines along many of the earliest marginalia, but also the order of the Old Testament Books, uncommon for a French Bible, suggest an English provenance. As the continental hands of the later annotations show, the Bible must have reached France or Germany in the later 15th century. - Professional repairs to spine-ends and one corner of the fine Renaissance binding. First and last quires a little browned and dust-stained, very slight worming to beginning, occasional, largely insignificant waterstains to margins, a few edge cuts and cut-out sections in the blank margins. An old edge repair to fol. 155, fols. 310-323 as well as a few others more strongly browned and wrinkled, but generally in fine state of preservation. - Provenance: Karl & Faber, sale 81 (1962), no. 3.

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Appointment as administrator of Lezhe
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[Venice - Foscari, Francesco, Doge of Venice (1373-1457)]. Comissio egregii et nobilis viri domini Jeronimi Lambardo... honor provisoris Alesii. Venice, 2. IX. 1433. Venice, 2. IX. 1433. 4to (ca. 175 x 248 mm). Latin manuscript on vellum. 8½ pp. on 6 leaves (the first four numbered, the last blank). 33 lines, per extensum. Contemporary vellum binding with two later handwritten spine labels. Stored in custom-made half morocco case.

EUR 7,500.00

The doge Foscari appoints the Venetian nobiluòmo Girolamo Lambardo for two years as provveditore (administrator) of Castrum Alesii (Alessio) in Albania. The modern-day town of Lezha or Lezhë, then an important base for the salt trade with Serbia, had been a Venetian possession since 1393 (in 1468, Skanderbeg would die and be laid to rest here). Lambardo's appointment includes a detailed list of his duties, some of which are based on instructions going back to the years 1404-27. - A wide-margined, clean manuscript. The lower corner of the lined but otherwise blank final leaf is clipped. - Provenance: front pastedown bears engraved armorial bookplate (Gelli 390, 2 or 3, fig. 646) of Amedeo Svajer (1727-91), Venetian merchant and bibliophile of German descent. After his death, parts of his library were acquired by the last doge, Lodovico Giovanni Manin (1726-1802), whose typographic bookplate is likewise present. While most of Manin's collection appears to have been transferred to the Bibliotheca civica "Vincenzo Joppi" in Udine in 1949, the present document was kept in an Austrian private collection as early as the turn of the century.

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''Intraboque torum, nuda puella, tuum'': manual for the Holy Mass, including a manuscript about a wayward nun, "assolutamente oscena"
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[Manuale parochialium sacerdotum]. Manuale parrochialium sacerdotu[m] multu[m] perutile. (Add: Latin manuscript)... [Dissertatio monialis et juvenis]. [Reutlingen, Johann Otmar, ca. 1492]. [Reutlingen, Johann Otmar, ca. 1492]. 4to. (12) ff. Several initials in brown ink; party rublicated in red. The blank verso of the final leaf has a contemporary manuscript [Dissertatio monialis et juvenis] (Latin bastarda, 27 lines per extensum). Modern half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 12,500.00

Fairly early edition of this manual for the Holy Mass, first published ca. 1483. Copies attested in 19 holding institutions worldwide, only one in the USA (Bryn Mawr College, Goodhart Medieval Library). - Title-page browned and a little stained; old library shelfmark in brown ink. Removed from an old made-up volume with early handwritten pagination (197-220). The blank verso of the final leaf contains the contemporary manuscript copy of a Middle Latin poem also known as "Versa de monachis et clerico", a specimen of the literary topos of the wayward nun: a total of nine distichs form the dialogue ("monialis dicit" / "juvenis respondet") between a nun and a pious young man. The text has been preserved variously, with occasional departures: it is to be found in a 13th century vellum manuscript in the British Library (MS Cotton. Cleop. B. ix, fol. 13) as well as in a 14th century manuscript in the Bürgerbibliothek in Berne (Cod. 434, fol. 49v-50r; cf. Hagen, Catalogus codicum Bernensium [1875], p. 381, no. 434.22); an edition from a Bohemian manuscript was prepared by J. Feifalik in the Proceedings of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, historical class, vol. 36 (1861), p. 168. It was probably first printed, with an English translation, in London in 1636 within the anonymous collection "Fasciculus Florum" (no. 794: "Pulcherrima dissertatio monialis et juvenis"). In this poem which appears so ill suited to a liturgical manual, the nun recommends herself through her affection, beauty, and youth, offering to throw off her black habit for the young man and enter his bed with her naked, snow-white body ("Deponam velum deponam caetera quaeque / Intraboque thorum nuda puella tuum"). He rebuffs her: she is already the bride of Christ, he says, and to break marriage vows made unto the Lord Himself is a doubly grievous crime ("Nupsisti Christo [...] / Uxorem violare viri grave crimen habetur / Sed gravius sponsam te violare Dei"). Ultimately, the nun's passion is vanquished by the young man's words, and she submits to his wisdom: "Gaudeo quod verbis sum superata tuis". In spite of the demure ending, the unknown author seems clearly more fascinated with depicting a sensual woman than a virtuous man, and as late as 1892 the Italian scholar Umberto Ronca pronounced the poem (which H. Hagen had edited from the Bernese manuscript in his "Carmina medii aevi maximam partem inedita" [1877], p. 206f.) to be "assolutamente oscena" (Cultura medioevale e poesia latina d'Italia, p. 159). Its survival as part of a manual for priests must appear as an ironic quirk of history.
¶ H 10725*. Goff M-220. GW M20701. BMC II 587. Proctor 2717. BSB-Ink M-141. Bod-inc M-075. Sheppard 1985. IA 10729.

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Early vernacular edition, splendidly illustrated and coloured
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Bertholdus. [Horologium devotionis, germanice - Zeitglöcklein des Lebens und... Leidens Christi]. Das andechtig zittglögglyn des lebens und lidens christi nach den xxiiij stunden ußgeteilt. (Reutlingen, Michael Greyff, ca. 1494). (Reutlingen, Michael Greyff, ca. 1494). 8vo (114 x 149 mm). 170 (instead of 186) ff. With coloured title woodcut, 25 coloured woodcuts in the text, mostly raised in gilt, coloured title borders, 337 coloured text borders and numerous coloured initials, some heightened in gilt. Contemporary pigskin over wooden boards, 9 (out of 10) brass fittings, and 2 clasps. All edges goffered.

EUR 58,000.00

Early vernacular edition of the devotional known as the "Horologium devotionis", written around 1350 by the Dominican friar Bertholdus and first published in 1488. All German editions are considered extremely rare. GW records no more than five copies in public collections, of which three are also incomplete or mere fragments. - In appealing contemporary colour throughout. Of the 38 fine woodcuts in the text, the present volume contains: fol. d5r: circumcision; c2v: flight to Egypt; g1r: baptism of Christ; h5v: washing of the feet; i1v: betrayal by Judas; i5v: Gethsemane; k2r: kiss of Judas; k4r: scourging; k7v: Christ before Caiaphas; k8v: Christ mocked; l2r: concil of the priests; l7r und m5r: Christ before Pilate; n1v: disrobing of Christ; n5v: crowning with thorns; o1r: Pilate washing his hands; o3v: Simon of Cyrene; p2r: crucifixion; q7r: Christ on the cross; r4v: the same, a different view; r8v: fainting of Mary; s3r: deposition from the cross; s6r: burial of Christ; t1v: harrowing of hell; x1r: ascension of Christ. - The pretty borders which surround nearly every page are printed from a total of eight wood blocks, showing birds, animals, hunters, puttos, angels, flowers, etc. - Wants ff. a7, a8, b6, c1, c7, d1, f1, g3, g4, g8, h4, n3, p7, q3, t6 und y1. Slightly browned and fingerstained; occasional slight paper flaws with insignificant loss to text and images. Bound before and after the printed matter are 6 and 5 leaves, respectively, with a total of 22 pages of German prayers written in a slightly later Swabian bastarda. The first page has a handwritten ownership by Johann Alois Weinheppel, dated Hochaltingen (near Nördlingen in Swabia), 1786. - Covers somewhat rubbed, showing slight worming. Lacks central brass boss on the lower cover; spine and endpapers repaired by an earlier collector. Front pastedown has autograph ownership by the collector Otto Hupp (1859-1949), inscribed to his wife, dated 1897, with his drawing and bibliographical note. - Provenance: Hartung & Karl, sale 52 (1986), lot 161.
¶ GW 4170. Goff B-514. BSB-Ink B 394. Schramm IX, figs. 639-683. Schreiber 3450. Not in Hain, Proctor, Oates, Polain; not in BMC or IGI.

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With two woodcuts by Albrecht Dürer
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Celtis, Konrad. Quatuor libri amorum secundum quatuor latera Germaniae [...]. Nuremberg, Sodalitas Celtica, 5. IV. 1502. Nuremberg, Sodalitas Celtica, 5. IV. 1502. 4to (193 x 252 mm). (8), X-LXXIII, (46 [instead of 49]) ff. With 9 full-page (instead of 11 full-page and 1 double-page-sized) woodcuts (2 by Albrecht Dürer) and small printer's device, all in contemporary hand colour. Later brown leather over wooden boards, using parts of the original blind-and gold-tooled binding. Upper cover has giltstamped title "Conrad Cel. Amores / Norimb. Scrip.".

EUR 35,000.00

Rare first edition of one of the finest and most interesting German woodcut books of its age. "Als Frucht der Erlebnisse während der zehnjährigen Wanderungen 1487/97 durch Deutschland erschien 1502 das Kaiser Maximilian I. gewidmete lyrische Hauptwerk des Celtis, 'Quatuor libri Amorum secundum quattuor latera Germaniae': vier kleine in sich geschlossene lyrische Liebesromane, zyklisch verbunden in architektonisch-gesetzmäßigem Aufbau, bebildert mit Holzschnitten Dürers und aus der Schule Michael Wolgemuts [...] Celtis gilt als der deutsche Erzhumanist. Er war die stärkste poetische Begabung der humanistischen Bewegung um 1500" (NDB III, 182f.). - The "Amores" are the second of only two verified products of the "Sodalitas Celtica", the society founded by Celtis with the support of Willibald Pirckheimer (the printer remains unidentified). Two of the woodcuts are by Dürer: an allegory of Philosophy and the dedication (showoing Celtis presenting the book to the emperor). "Die Seltenheit erhaltener Exemplare wie das Fehlen eines Faksimiles erklären, warum die 'Amores' als herausragendes Werk der Buchkunst im Sinne der Dürerschen 'Wiedererwachung' erst in neuerer Zeit wirklich gewürdigt worden" sind (Schoch/M./Sch.). Occasionally even the title woodcut has been ascribed to Dürer; the remaining, somewhat less delicate but no less impressive woodcuts are variously attributed to the workshops of Wolgemut, both Peter Vischers, Hans Süss von Kulmbach, or simply a "Celtis master". Wants fol. IX (b1) with the Elegia prima (replaced by a blank leaf), the unnumbered bifolium between m2 and m3 with a view of Nuremberg after Schedel and the city's three coats of arms on the reverse, and the final leaf r6 with a full-page woodcut of Daphne and Apollo (replaced by a blank leaf). The contained woodcuts are all in especially fine contemporary colour, as are the colophon and printer's device. Printed on strong, very wide-margined laid paper. A few leaves near the end show light waterstains in the margins, otherwise a nearly spotless copy. Title has old stamp "EB"; lower corner remargined with slight loss to woodcut; fols. p8r and r5v also stamped in the blank margin. Insignificant worming to gutter of final gatherings. - The present variant of the first quire departs in several details from the copy of Hartmann Schedel kept at the BSB in Munich: a3r, headline "Ad Maxmil. Regem" (BSB: "Ad Maxmyl. Regem:"); a4v, headline: "Panegyri: Pars Prima" (BSB: "Panegyr. Prima Pars"); a5v, first line: "interuisse carmia & quae castas inoce[n]tu[m] adolesce[n]tiu[m]" (BSB: "centuadolesce[n]tiu[m] aures ledat & iebriet. Fatebimur"), etc. The present variant corresponds to the copy in the SSB Augsburg, formerly owned by Daniel Carnerius. - Provenance: Hartung & Karl, sale 53 (1986), lot 617.
¶ VD 16, C 1911. IA 135.114. Brunet I, 1730 & Suppl. I, 231. Dodgson I, 264 & 279ff. Ebert 3903. Graesse II, 101. Meder 244f. Murray 106. Muther 459 & 835. Panzer VII, 441, 17. Proctor 11029. Reske/Benzing 660. Schoch/M./Sch. 269. Strauss 66-68. Not in Adams.

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Hus's first printed work
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[Hus, Jan (ed.)]. Christi ab incarnationis usq[ue] ascensionis gesta succinctim posita... omni sacerdoti habenda bene revisa atq[ue] correcta. (Nuremberg, Johann Weißenburger, 8 December [150]7). (Nuremberg, Johann Weißenburger, 8 December [150]7). 4to. (10) ff. With title woodcut and 3 woodcut Lombardic initials. Modern half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 6,500.00

Extremely rare: the first gospel harmony printed in the 16th century, according to Hain the first work ever printed by the Czech national hero Jan Hus, who was burned at the stake as a heretic. Two incunabular editions had appeared as early as ca. 1472 and 1495. In 1514 Weißenburger, by then based in Landshut, would publish a second edition, which is vastly more common. "The concentration of the text into such a small number of pages is achieved by not quoting the gospel pericopes in full, but rather by condensing them into a few words or short sentences, referencing the chapters of the gospels where the respective episode is to be found [...] Strictly speaking, this is the epitome of a gospel harmony" (cf. Wünsch, Evangelienharmonien im Reformationszeitalter [Berlin 1983], p. 22, with a discussion of the long tradition that attributes this redaction to Hus). - The title woodcut shows the infant Jesus sitting on a pillow, holding the Holy Cross, Holy Lance, and Holy Sponge, surrounded by medallions of the evangelists. - Occasional light brownstaining (more noticeable on the title page); a single sanguine mark to the colophon, otherwise quite clean. Very rare; no copy in auction records; only ten holding institutions worldwide, of which no more than three are outside Germany (Austrian National Library, Budapest University Library, Sutro San Francisco).
¶ VD 16, B 4628. Panzer VII, 445, 44. OCLC 258326067. Not in Knaake or Kuczinsky. Not in Adams or BM-STC German.

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Earliest prints of Jewish customs & ceremonies
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Pfefferkorn, Johann. Libellus de Judaica confessione sive sabbato afflictionis. (Nuremberg, Johann Weißenburger, [150]8). (Nuremberg, Johann Weißenburger, [150]8). 4to. (20) pp. With a title woodcut and 4 woodcuts in the text (repeating the title cut). Later quarter vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 35,000.00

The rarer of two Latin editions of the "Judenbeichte", both published in 1508, after the "Judenspiegel" the second treatise by the fanatical convert Johann Pfefferkorn (1469-1522/23), in which he discusses his former brothers in the Jewish faith and their celebrations, asserting that the Jews were more corrupting than the devil himself and petitioning the Christian authorities to force all Jews to convert or emigrate. The woodcut illustrations in Pfefferkorn's work are the earliest prints depicting Jewish customs and ceremonies. They include a Kapparot scene, ritual bath, matzo preparation, jumbled together with imaginary representations of Jews telling their sins to crows and a Tashlich service during Rosh Hashanah when sins are cast into water. - Pfefferkorn was a German Catholic theologian and writer. Born Jewish, possibly in Nuremberg, he moved to Cologne after many years of wandering. After committing a burglary, he was imprisoned and released in 1504. He converted and was baptized together with his family. Pfefferkorn became an assistant to the prior of the Dominicans at Cologne, Jacob van Hoogstraaten, and under their auspices published several libellous pamphlets in which he tried to demonstrate that Jewish religious writings were hostile to Christianity, and argued for the destruction of all copies of the Talmud. As late as 1509, Emperor Maximilian empowered Pfefferkorn to confiscate all Hebrew writings in Jewish hands and destroy any he found dangerous. After wide-scale protests, the humanist scholar Johannes Reuchlin was commissioned to give an expert opinion on Jewish writings, which led to a long-running battle of pamphlets between Reuchlin and Pfefferkorn, who was defended by the Dominicans. - A single red pencil annotation to the colophon, otherwise entirely unmarked.
¶ VD 16, P 2311. Panzer VII, 447, 53. Goedeke I, 452. Freimann 263. BNHCat P 429. Cf. Graesse V, 248. Fürst III, 82. Not in Adams or BM-STC German (only the Cologne edition).

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The life of St. Francis in contemporary colour
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Bonaventura (Saint). Die Legend des heyligen Vatters Francisci. Nach der... Beschreybung des Engelischen Lerers Bonaventure. Nuremberg, Hieronymus Höltzel for Caspar Rosentaler in Schwaz, 7 April 1512. Nuremberg, Hieronymus Höltzel for Caspar Rosentaler in Schwaz, 7 April 1512. 4to (158 x 198 mm). (106) ff. Title-page with large woodcut vignette of St. Francis receiving the stigmata, 57 woodcuts in total (including duplicates) by Wolf Traut, 5 of which full-page, all with fine contemporary hand-coloring. Contemporary full pigskin over wooden boards with bevelled edges, panelled and decorated in blind. Spine with raised bands in four compartments. Remains of clasps. Edges stained blue.

EUR 18,500.00

The rare first German edition of Bonaventura's life of St Francis ("Legenda major beati Francisci"), printed by Höltzel on behalf and at the expense of the Tyrolean benefactor of the Franciscan church in Schwaz, Caspar Rosenthaler. - This volume, a remarkable copy in contemporary colour, is also the first to incorporate Wolf Traut's striking woodcuts, ranking among the artist's masterpieces (while some are dated, none are signed). The Nuremberg artist, a student of Albrecht Dürer's, completed 51 woodcuts for this work, which would prove to be his greatest contribution to illustrated books. Traut was in Dürer's workshop from 1505, or possibly earlier, when he produced woodcuts for Pinder's "Der beschlossen Gart des Rosenkrantz Marie". - Binding somewhat rubbed and bumped. F3 and V1 with marginal repairs, L1, O1, and T4 torn and restored with loss of text. Some minor spotting or staining, one or two instances of marginal worming. - Provenance: Paul Kramer (contemporary ink signature and motto, "Omnia cum deo", to front free endpaper). Virtue and Cahill Library of Portsmouth Cathedral (oversized bookplate to front pastedown, with number 8363), dispersed in 1941 after German bombing and subsequently preserved in the Presbytery at Winchester; deaccessioned by the Bishop and Cathedral Chapter "for better care and to the advantage of scholars" in 1967 (stamped over bookplate). - A masterpiece of German book illustration, rarely encountered complete even in an uncoloured state.
¶ VD 16, B 6559. BM-STC German 140. Dodgson I, 502f., 1. Not in Adams. Cf. Einhorn, "Die Holzschnitte des Wolf Traut zur 'Legend des heyligen vatters Francisci' nach Bonaventura, Nürnberg 1512", in: Franziskanische Studien 60 (1978), pp. 1-24.

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The birth of modern anatomy: a coloured copy of the first edition, used by the surgeon of the Duke of Saxony
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Vesalius, Andreas. De humani corporis fabrica libri septem. Basel, (Johannes Oporinus, June 1543). Basel, (Johannes Oporinus, June 1543). Folio (319 x 456 mm). 355 leaves and two folding sheets. Roman and italic types, occasional use of Greek and Hebrew types, printed shoulder notes. Woodcut pictorial title, author portrait, and printer’s device; 7 large, 186 mid-sized, and 22 small woodcut initials; more than 200 woodcut illustrations, including 3 full-page skeletons, 14 full-page muscle men, 5 large diagrams of veins and nerves, 10 mid-sized views of the abdomen, 2 mid-sized views of the thorax, 13 mid-sized views of the skull and brain, and numerous smaller views of bones, organs and anatomical parts. All woodcuts and initials up to page 165 in full contemporary hand colour. Contemporary blindstamped leather over wooden boards with bevelled edges, on five raised double bands, with two clasps. In custom-made solander box.

EUR 950,000.00

A truly outstanding copy of one of the greatest and most appealing books in the history of science. Preserved in its original binding with the blindstamped initials of its first owner, the German physician Caspar Neefe (1514-79), and with his handwritten annotations throughout, the present copy is partly coloured by a contemporary artist (including the iconic woodcut used as title page and all anatomical illustrations up to page 165). Caspar Neefe, who later served as personal physician to Duke Albert I of Saxony, acquired the precious volume only a year after its publication and obviously consulted it extensively throughout his career as a medical practitioner. - With the publication of "De humani corporis fabrica" (when he was only twenty-eight) Vesalius revolutionized both the science of anatomy and how it was taught. In his preface he describes his disappointing experiences as a student in Paris and Louvain, stating his intention to reform the teaching of anatomy by giving in this book a complete description of the structure of the human body, thereby drawing attention "to the falsity of Galen’s pronouncements". Vesalius also broke with tradition by performing dissections himself instead of leaving this task to assistants: the striking and dramatic title illustration shows him conducting such a dissection, his hand plunged into a female cadaver (striking in itself, as only the cadavers of executed criminals could be dissected legally and female criminals were rarely executed), surrounded by a seething mass of students. - The "Fabrica" is also revolutionary for "its unprecedented blending of scientific exposition, art and typography" (Norman). The woodcuts by artists of the school of Titian are both iconographically and artistically important. The series of fourteen muscle men show landscapes that, when assembled in reverse order, form a panorama of the Euganean Hills near Padua, a scenery well known to Vesalius while he was at work on the Fabrica. - Of the few copies of the first edition to have come to the market in recent decades, only two were in a contemporary binding. Apart from Vesalius's dedication copy to Emperor Charles V (Christie's New York, 18 March 1998, lot 213: $1,652,500), only a single other partly coloured copy was previously known, a list to which ours must now be added as the third known copy in contemporary colour. - Acquired in 2017; previously in a Tyrolean private medical collection, where the book rested for three generations (erased circular library stamp in the blank lower margin of the title page): an outstanding copy hitherto unknown to scholarship (cf. the recent census published by Dániel Margócsy, University of Cambridge, below; further relevant correpondence with Dr Margócsy is available upon request). Occasional waterstaining to margins, the splendid binding a little rubbed and bumped, but altogether a wonderfully crisp, wide-margined copy of the first edition. Unquestionably the most desirable copy of a milestone in the history of science still in private hands, and likely the most important medical book obtainable for decades to come.
¶ PMM 71. VD 16, V 910. Durling 4577. Cushing VI.A.1. Eimas 281. Norman 2137. Wellcome 6560. Graesse VI.2, 289. Cf. D. Margócsy, M. Somos, S. N. Joffe: "Vesalius' Fabrica: A Report on the Worldwide Census of the 1543 and 1555 Editions", in: Social History of Medicine Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 201–223. For Neefe cf. A. Lesser, Die albertinischen Leibärzte (Petersberg 2015), p. 71-74.

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16th century military manuscript
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[German military manuscript]. Military treatises. No place, 1554-1562. No place, 1554-1562. Folio (206 x 297 mm). Three parts written by two different hands on the same paper stock (watermark: hound with a collar). A total of 270 pp. including 5 full-page pen-and-ink illustrations, with geometrical footers to each page. Later half vellum over marbled boards (ca. 1900).

EUR 18,000.00

A pretty composite manuscript of the mid-16th century, in the main following closely or styled after the gunsmith manual repeatedly printed by Christian Egenolff between 1529 and 1597. The preface (14 pp., dated "1554" at the end) consists of "Eine lehr so Keiser Maximilian in seiner Jugent durch erfarne treffliche seine Kriegsräht zugestelt ist", an instructional work for Emperor Maximilian also found in Egenolff's book from its 1534 edition onward. This is followed by the first main section: "Büchssenmeysterei von Geschoß, Büchsen, Pülver Salpether und Fewerwergk &c eigentlich zuzurichten, Büchssenmeystern und Schützen zuwissen nötigk" (70 pp.), likewise directly taken over from Egenolff's compilation. The second part is a legal treatise (as in Egenolff's book, though with different content) discussing martial law, entitled "Gerichts Hendell unnd Cautele in malefich Hendelnn Schüldtrechten unnd gastrechten" (72 pp.). The third part is an extensive treatise on a soldier's duties and the oaths to be sworn by the various ranks ("Artickel darauff die Hauptleut [...] unnd gemeine knecht der Ro. Kay. Maj. unserm aller gnedigisten Herrnn gelobenn und schwerenn sollen S. K. M. zu dienen", 114 pp.), going substantially beyond its counterpart in Egenolff's handbook. This is written in a different hand and contains copious explanations as well as five full-page illustrations showing military equipment and devices in red and black ink (fiery arrows, "Wie man eine glüende Kugell inn Holtzwerck schiessen soll" etc.). At the end, the manuscript contains an index, military multiplication tables, and legal addenda by various hands, dated 1562, with elaborate geometrical borders. - Provenance: bookplate of the English explorer, horseman, and big game hunter Col. J. Hamilton Leigh (1867-1944) of Stockport. Later in the collection of the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research.
¶ Cf. Jähns 653 (Egenolff's manual, 1597 ed.).

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The first Western eyewitness description of Mecca: an excellent, entirely complete copy with fine provenance
11

(Varthema, Lodovico di. The Navigation and v[o]yages of Lewes Vertomannus, Gentelman... of the citie of Rome, to the regions of Arabia, Egypte, Persia, Syria, Ethiopia, and East India, both within and without the ryver of Ganges, etc. In the yeere of our Lorde 1503. Conteynyng many notable and straunge thinges, both hystoricall and naturall. Translated out of Latine into Engylshe, by Richarde Eden). London, Richard Jugge, 1577. London, Richard Jugge, 1577. 4to. (10), 466, (6) ff. With historiated woodcut initials. Splendid modern full navy blue morocco, bands on spine with title showing faded gilt, covers double-ruled gilt.

EUR 265,000.00

The first English edition of Ludovico di Varthema's famous travels to Arabia, Persia, and India: the highly important and adventurous narrative containing the first recorded visit of a westerner to Mecca. All early editions of Varthema’s "Itinerario" are exceedingly rare (even the 2013 Hajj exhibition at the MIA, Doha, only featured the 1654 reprint; cf. below). - Varthema, a gentleman adventurer and soldier from Bologna, left Venice at the end of 1502. In 1503 he reached Alexandria and ascended the Nile to Cairo, continuing to Beirut, Tripoli, Aleppo and Damascus, where, adopting Islam and taking the name of Yunas, he joined a Mameluke escort of a Hajj caravan and began the pilgrimage to Mecca. Varthema was amazed by what he observed: "Truly I never saw so many people collected in one spot as during the twenty days I remained there", he begins, and arriving at the Great Mosque, continues, "it would not be possible to describe the sweetness and the fragrances which are smelt within this temple." Thanks to his knowledge of Arabic and Islam, Varthema was able to appreciate the local culture of the places he visited. Impressed and fascinated, he describes not only rites and rituals, but also social, geographical, and day-to-day details. "I determined, personally, and with my own eyes", he declares in the prefatory dedication, "to ascertain the situation of places, the qualities of peoples [...] of Egypt, Syria, Arabia Deserta and Felix, Persia, India, and Ethiopia, remembering well that the testimony of one eye-witness is worth more than ten hear-says." His good fortune did not continue unabated, however: after embarking at Jeddah and sailing to Aden, he was denounced as a Christian spy and imprisoned. He secured his release and proceeded on an extensive tour of southwest Arabia. Stopping in Sanaa and Zebid as well as a number of smaller cities, he describes the people, the markets and trade, the kind of fruits and animals that are plentiful in the vicinity, and any historical or cultural information deemed noteworthy. Returning to Aden, and after a brief stop in Ethiopia, he set sail for India. In addition to visiting Persia, Varthema explored the coasts of Malabar and Coromandel, including a stay at Calicut at the beginning of 1505. He also purports to have made extensive travels around the Malay peninsula and the Moluccas. Returning to Calicut in August 1505, he took employment with the Portuguese at Cochin and, in 1508, made his way back to Europe via the Cape of Good Hope. - First published in 1510, Varthema's account became an immediate bestseller. In addition to his fascinating account of Egypt, Syria, the Arabian Peninsula, and the holy Muslim cities, "Varthema brought into European literature an appreciation of the areas east of India [...] which it had previously not received from the sea-travelers and which confirmed by firsthand observations many of the statements made earlier by Marco Polo and the writers of antiquity" (Lach, I. i. 166). "Varthema was a real traveller. His reports on the social and political conditions of the various lands he visited are reliable as being gathered from personal contact with places and peoples. His account of the overland trade is of great value in that we are made to see it before it had begun to give way to the all-seas route. He even heard of a southern continent and of a region of intense cold and very short days, being the first European probably after Marco Polo to bring back the rumor of Terra Australis" (Cox I, 260). - Published as an extensive part of "The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies" - one of the first English versions of the significant collection edited by Pietro Martire d'Anghiera (Peter Martyr, 1457-1526). The first independently published English translation would not appear until 1863: Varthema's travelogue was included for the first time in the present translated edition of Martyr's "History". The translation, with some omissions, is that of Decades I-III of "De Orbe Novo" by Martyr, with additions from other sources, edited by Richard Eden and Richard Willes. Willes was a member of the Jesuits from 1565 to 1572 and was familiar with Maffei, the Jesuit chronicler whose account he drew on for this work. Under the benefaction of the Earl of Bedford, Willes expanded Eden's translation to include, apart from Varthema's travels, four Decades and an abridgement of Decades V-VIII; Frobisher's voyage for a Northwest Passage, Sebastian Cabot's voyages to the Arctic for the Moscovy Company, Cortez's conquest of Mexico, Pereira's description of China, 1565, Acosta and Maffei's notices of Japan, 1573, and the first two English voyages to West Africa. Also, this is the first account in English of Magellan's circumnavigation, as well as the first printed work to advocate a British colony in North America. - Sympathetically washed but not pressed; some minor repairs to title not affecting printed surface. Some remaining toning and staining in small areas of a few leaves. Generally a wide-margined and appealing copy. - Provenance: Acquired from Quaritch in 1975 by Gregory S. Javitch (1898-1980), a Russian-born, Canadian leader in the land reclamation sector in Ontario. Javitch formed an important collection of 2,500 items entitled "Peoples of the New World", encompassing both North and South America, which was acquired by the Bruce Peel Special Collections at the University of Alberta. It was considered the finest such private collection in Canada at the time and formed the cornerstone of the library’s Special collections. The present volume remained in Javitch's private collection was acquired directly from his heirs.
¶ Howgego M65. Brunet I, 294. OCLC 5296745. LCCN 02-7743. Alden, European Americana 577/2. Church 119. Streeter Sale 24. Arents 23. Borba de Moraes, p. 33. Hill 533. BM-STC 649. Sabin 1562. Cordier, Japonica 71. Field 485. Cf. exhibition cat. “Hajj - The Journey Through Art” (Doha, 2013), p. 90 (1655 Dutch ed. only). Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 2239f. (other editions only). Not in the Atabey or Blackmer collections.

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16th century illustrated Italian manuscript about the art of war in a fine contemporary binding
12

[Italian military manuscript]. Libro utillissimo et molto necessario di varii secreti... importantissimi per l'essercitio di guerra, come appare nela seguente indice. Italy, before 1581. Italy, before 1581. Small folio (210 x 277 mm). Title, (14) ff. of contents, 187 numbered ff. (a total of 202 ff.) with 60 coloured illustrations (mainly full-page, 7 on large folding sheets). Italian manuscript on paper (watermark: a bird on 3 hillocks, Briquet 12,250 [ca. 1566-1583]). 16th century red morocco (possibly German) with gilt-stamped border fillets, cornerpieces and centrepiece (dated "1581" on upper cover), lacking ties. All edges gilt. Stored in modern slipcase.

EUR 85,000.00

An unusual and attractive Italian Renaissance manuscript on the art of war, lavishly illustrated in colour and in a sumptuous contemporary binding. The text comprises eight chapters dealing with the duties of the captain, making gunpowder, siege-breaking devices, the deployment through artillery of artificial fire, smoke and poisonous fumes, the use of cannons, ballistics and artillerymen, and the logistics and practice of moving artillery and cavalry. - The title of the first chapter accords with that in an earlier manuscript in the Biblioteca Riccardiana in Florence (Ms 2525), "Il primo capo tratta universalmente dell'uffitio del capitano dell' Arteglieria, con che ordine, modo et diligenza egli habbia à procedure, ad ogni cosa appartinenti alla munitione dell' Artegl[eri]a et all' ufficio suo", dated ca. 1529-30 (cf. Mariano D'Ayala, Bibliografia militare-italiana [1854], p. 159). The third chapter contains illustrations of siege devices similar to those in Franz Helm's "Armamentarium Principale oder Kriegsmunition und Artillerey-Buch" (1625), which was originally written in around 1530. - Some paper (and text) loss through oxidation of the ink, restored and silked. Rebacked, retaining part of the old spine, by Joseph William Zaehnsdorf in 1919, according to old pencil note on flyleaf. - Provenance: from the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research. On a note pasted to the flyleaf, Cottesloe writes: "This was in the library of Wistow Hall, Leicester, during the lifetime of Sir Henry St John Halford Bt (1828-1897) but nothing is known as to how or when it came there" (dated Wistow, September 1945).

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The gruesome deaths of the martyrs: the only complete coloured example
13

Cavalieri, Giovanni Battista. Ecclesiae militantis triumphi sive Deo amabilium martyrum gloriosa... pro Christi fide certamina prout opera RR patrum Societatis Iesu collegii Germanici et Hungarici moderatoris impensa S.D.N. Gregorii PP. XIII in ecclesia S. Stephani Rotundi, Romae Nicolai Circiniani pictoris manu visuntur depicta [...]. Rome, Bartolomeo Grassi, 1585. Rome, Bartolomeo Grassi, 1585. Folio (235 x 325 mm). Engraved title and 35 plates (numbered 1-31 and 4 unnumbered plates showing Death as a skeleton with other figures) by Giovanni Battista Cavalieri, hand-coloured throughout. Contemporary limp vellum with traces of ties.

EUR 20,000.00

Second edition, following the first of 1583. An extremely rare hand-coloured example - the only such complete copy we have traced - of this remarkably gruesome cycle of martyrological deaths, depicting the torture of some 127 early Christian saints adapted for a Renaissance audience by the painter Niccolò Circignani ("Il Pomarancio", ca. 1517-97). Produced directly from Circignani's frescoes just after they were painted in 1582, Cavalieri's engraved suite is today considered an invaluable source for the reconstruction of the now-decayed scenes in the Church of San Stefano Rotondo in Rome. So far, literature has ignored the few known coloured copies - probably executed as such in the publisher's workshop - for clues as to the original colouring of the frescoes themselves, which were overpainted in the 18th and 19th centuries. - Following in the model of, but evidently composed as a reaction to, John Foxe's martyrology of 1563, the frescoes and engravings thereof are also known to have inspired the English Catholic Richard Rowlands's own "Theatre of the Cruelties of the Heretics of our Time" (1587). Current scholarship agrees that Circignani's "ambulatory cycle" - intended to be contemplated in sequence as the viewer walked around the circular church - was commissioned by the German-Hungarian Jesuit College with the aim of educating their novices. Many of them would return as missionaries to their home countries, and Noreen (1998) in particular has uncovered evidence that the present book would accompany them as a visual and perhaps even mnemonic aide-mémoire. The present copy bears an early ownership inscription of the Jesuit College of Modena, in Northern Italy, where the Reformation had made incursions during the mid-16th century. - Cavalieri's suite is noted for its striking depictions of violence and torment, which are represented as composite images with up to five subjects per plate, keyed with letters and identified in the captions beneath each plate. In plate 23, for example, soldiers pour burning lead on St. Erasmus while in the background St. Blaise is lacerated while tied to a tree; St. Barbara is depicted as being tortured by a flame applied to her armpits; and finally, St. Eustachius and his companions lie dead or burn on a pyre. On plate 21, the naked St. Lawrence is being grilled alive over open flames; on plate 16 St. Agatha is pictured tied to a column as her sliced-off breasts lie at her feet. One tourist struck by the frescoes was Charles Dickens, who visited the church in 1845 and described "such a panorama of horror and butchery no man could imagine in his sleep, though he were to eat a whole pig raw, for supper. Grey-bearded men being boiled, fried, grilled, crimped, singed, eaten by wild beasts, worried by dogs, buried alive, torn asunder by horses, chopped up small with hatchets: women having their breasts torn with iron pinchers, their tongues cut out, their ears screwed off, their jaws broken, their bodies stretched upon the rack, or skinned upon the stake, or crackled up and melted in the fire: these are among the mildest subjects." - When comparing Cavalieri's skilled engravings to the surviving frescoes in San Stefano Rotondo, it must be admitted that the engravings are preferable; the church suffered neglect over the centuries and restoration attempts in the 18th and 19th centuries led to much rather pallid overpainting; the panel featuring St. Polycarp (plate 11 here), for example, was entirely repainted in a Neoclassical style by Marcello Leopardi (1750-95). - The Getty's Art Research Library and UCLA's Ahmanson-Murphy collection of early Italian imprints both hold only an uncoloured copy of the 1583 edition with just 31 plates; of the present edition with a full 35 plates, we have been able to trace just one complete U.S. copy at the University of Pennsylvania (uncoloured). All other U.S.-held copies are seemingly defective: the Harvard, NYPL, Morgan, and Emory copies all contain just 31 plates, while the Yale copy contains 28; Columbia 29 (lacking 6 plates from the main series). The Sir Thomas Phillips copy also lacked 2 plates. Not one of these copies is noted as coloured. We are aware of a single other coloured copy, in a modern binding, which appeared in the Beltrame sale (Christie's, 2017), suffering from serious defects and lacking 4 plates. Further editions were published in 1587 and 1589 but in a greatly reduced (8vo) format, and none are known to have been coloured. - Dark stains at top of upper cover. Some marginal foxing and staining; a few small paper flaws in the blank lower margin of the title-page restored with a strip of Japanese paper. Provenance: early 17th century handwritten ink ownership "Collegii Mutinensis Societatis Jesu" under the title engraving; 20th c. stamp of Saint Gregory's University, Shawnee, Oklahoma, on top (repeated on pastedowns, edges, and in blank margin of plate 2).
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 10455. Mortimer (Italian) 126. Adams C 1181. IA 140.412. Cicognara, Libri d'Arte e d'Antichità I, 2008. On Cavalieri, cf. e.g. Francis Haskell, History and its Images: Art and the Interpretation of the Past (1993), p. 43 ("probably the single most significant figure of the whole sixteenth century to make visually accessible to a wide public throughout Europe the past personalities and glories of his adopted city"). Cf. also Kirstin Noreen, "Ecclesiae militantis triumphi: Jesuit Iconography and the Counter-Reformation", 16th Century Journal 29.3 (1998), pp. 706-45; Karine Tsoumis, "Giovanni Battista Cavalieri's Ecclesiae militantis triumphi: Jesuits, martyrs, print, and the counter-reformation" (McGill University thesis, 2005).

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The 1586 Regensburg shooting festival
14

Lerff, Caspar. Das Herrlich Freundlich und Nachbarlich Freyschiessen so die... Edlen, Ehrnvesten, Fürsichtigen, Ersamen und Weisen Herren Cammerer und Rath der Kayserlichen Freyen Reichsstadt Regenspurg gehalten haben, im Jar Tausent, Fünffhundert, achtzig und sechsten Sontag den letzten Julij, des alten Calenders [...]. (Regensburg, Johann Burger, 1587). (Regensburg, Johann Burger, 1587). 4to (160 x 200 mm). 54 ff. With coloured woodcut (coat of arms) to title and 10 full-page coloured woodcuts (costumes). Parchment (using old materials).

EUR 18,000.00

Very rare description of the Regensburger "Freischießen" in 1586, a festival featuring a target shooting competition where the winner could "shoot" himself free from taxes, gain prizes or other legal rights, written in humourous verses by the Augsburg Caspar Lerff, one of the fair's "Brutschenmaister" (masters of ceremonies). Five of the beautiful full-page woodcuts, accurately coloured by contemporary hand, show the standard-bearers Barbara Fugger, Maria Schiltlin, Fides Pichelmayer, Katharina Meisinger and Ursula Förstel. Three woodcuts show the virgins Katharina Waltmann, Cassandra Pürcklin and Susanna Wieland. 2 woodcuts show each two unnamed young boys bearing standards on which different prize money is noted (100, 80, 60, and 40 guilders). The title page shows the Regenburg coat of arms with laurel wreath. - Lipperheide mentions one edition in 8vo from the same year with divergent collation of which a proof cannot be established. - With sporadic small, partly repaired marginal flaws. With slight staining to title page, otherwise hardly any browning or staining. Binding ribbons partly preserved.
¶ VD 16, L 1288. BM-STC German 495. Goedeke II, 327, 11. Graesse IV, 171. Schottenloher, Regensburger Buchgewerbe 345. Weller, Annalen II, 327, 11a. See Lipperh. Te 6. Not at Adams, Brunet, Colas, Ebert, Hiler, Lentner or Pfister.

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An album amicorum interweaving De Bruyn's equestrian engravings and the handwritten entries of a Swabian pharmacist's learned friends
15

Album amicorum of Hans Georg Mergenthaler. Schintau and Melk, 1591-1597. Schintau and Melk, 1591-1597. 4to (146 x 192 mm). Latin and German ms. on paper. 86 ff. with 37 entries and 51 etchings from an equestrian costume book as well as 1 coloured coat of arms. Half calf binding (ca. 1800) with giltstamped spine label. Floral endpapers. Edges sprinkled red.

A fine late 16th-century friendship album using an interleaved set of equestrian engravings (from a series by Abraham de Bruyn) to form a pre-illustrated album into which the owner's friends and eminent acquaintances could inscribe their names. While the humanistic tradition of such "alba" would reach its height in the mid-18th century and continued well into the early 19th, the fashion for alba containing woodcut or engraved illustrations to nest among the entries was a phenomenon of the later 16th and early 17th century. They could be acquired ready-made from several publishers, but as often as not, an owner might choose to assemble his own from material at hand. In this case, the Swabian pharmacist H. G. Mergenthaler used a selection from De Bruyn's "Diversarum Gentium Armatura Equestris" (Lipperheide 2898), published in 1577, fourteen years before he began his album, to form a record that charmingly interweaves the portraits of horsemen from throughout the world with the handwritten entries by the learned friends and acquaintances he made during his journeys as a student. - The eldest son of a pharmacist in Göppingen, in the duchy of Württemberg, Hans Georg Mergenthaler (b. 1566) took up his father's profession and in 1591 established himself in the Hungarian village of Sempte (now Šintava, Slovakia) and later in Melk in Lower Austria. "Mergenthaler's album provides a window into the jaunty travelling years of a young journeyman pharmacist. He inserted empty leaves into a fragmentary costume book, the engravings of which depict cavaliers, noblemen and other horsemen of various nations, thus obtaining an 86-leaf small quarto volume which he used as a friendship album to commemorate his travelling years as well as his friendships in later life. Despite their brevity the inscriptions provide vivid evidence of his life and circumstances. Born in Göppingen, he arrived in January 1591 at the small market town of Schintau in the Hungarian county Nyitra, where his cousin Job Rieder lived, and soon rose to the position of pharmacist to Count Salm" (cf. Blümml). - Contents: fol. 1r Johann Marx Rieter from Kornburg, 16 March 1596, with a painted coat of arms; 5r "Jodocus Pinsintus Bambergensis", pharmacist, 20 June 1595; 9r Bernard Buzin from Brussels; 17r Gregor Hartner, 1591 (calls Mergenthaler "his dear son"); 19v Egidius Netsch von Wartperg, 1594; 20v Hans Heinrich von Hubegk, 12 July 1591 ("Frisch, frey, frölich / Arm vnndt erlich"); 26v Matthias Weihenmair, 30 March 1591 ("Veracht mich nit vnnd die Meinen / Beschau vor Dich vnnd die Deinen / Sihe an Dich, vnnd nicht mich / Thu ich Vnrecht, so hüet Dich / Vrteil auch nit, wie Du mich siehst..."); 44v Hans Elliot, 12 March 1597; 53v Job Rieder, 22 Feb. 1591; 57v Jörg Zneymer, 22 Feb. 1591 ("Vil Wunder im Weinfaß"); 58r Adam Vuechselmeyer, 24 Feb. 1591 (Mergenthaler's predecessor at Sempte, quoting Martial, with a riddle, "Si caput est currit, Ventrem coniunge uolabit / Adde pedem commedis, et sine ventre bibis", and the solution in cipher: "Muscatum"); 60v Christoph Lemmel, 26 May 1591 ("Spes mea in Christo"); 64v Thomas Mayr, 28 Feb. 1596; 73v Hans Gayer, 15 Jan. 1591 (the earliest entry, in verse: "Offt einer kriegt und suecht sein Nutzen / Bis im auff d: Hauben wüerd ein Schmutzen / Drumb es dem gar ein süeß Ding ist / Der Krieg erfuer zu diser Frist"); 82v Veit Heyninger, 1591; 84r Georg Börkh, 1595; 85r Georg Megklin from Kempten, 12 Feb. 1591; 86r Joh. Martin Pfeffer, 12 Aug. 1591 ("Virtute decet, non sanguine, niti"); 86r Luitprecht Hilenpegg, 1591 ("G.E.H.", treasurer of the lordship of Schintau). - Of the 76 engravings in De Bruyn's costume series, Mergenthaler used 51; they include 13 plates of oriental interest showing Arabian, Ottoman, and Persian horsemen. All leaves mounted on strong paper, many showing small tears to the borders and paper flaws, some leaves with more significant loss. Occasional fading to ink; some foxing and stains. Covers rubbed and bumped, edges irregular. A charming survival.
¶ Blümml, Das Stammbuch des Apothekers Hans Georg Mergenthaler in Melk (1591-1597), Wien 1919, in: Zeitschrift des Allgemeinen österreichischen Apotheker-Vereines no 1 & 2.

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A magnificent masterpiece of calligraphy and micrography for Princess Juliana of Hesse-Darmstadt
16

Johannes Kirchring the Younger, German calligrapher (fl. 1630-1645). German Psalter in the translation of Martin Luther. Oldenburg, 1634. Oldenburg, 1634. Small 8vo (100 x 148 mm). Calligraphic manuscript on vellum and paper. 112 ff. with various blackletter scripts in black, silver and gold, all with a full borders of knotwork, interlaced and geometric designs. Prefatory calligraphic and micrographic leaves, incorporating hymns, prayers and Biblical texts, with 5 pages of intricate micrographic text. 2 blank but bordered leaves at the front and 5 at the end, monogrammed "IKR" at end of index. Contemporary green velvet over wooden boards with silver clasps.

EUR 125,000.00

A splendid calligraphic manuscript on vellum and paper created for the 28-year-old Juliana of Hesse-Darmstadt (1606-59), countess of East Frisia, later in the collection of Victoria, Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and Albert of Saxe-Coburg. The micrographic text includes the liturgical calendar for 1634, the Psalms in mirror writing, verses in a maze-like composition, and an orb-shaped device. - Johannes Kirchring, one of the greatest 17th-century calligraphers, had settled in Oldenburg as early as 1592; he is last recorded in 1630 living with his son and successor, the painter and calligrapher Johannes Kirchring the Younger. The Kirchrings were superb exponents of the calligraphic skills developed in Germany during the 16th century, stimulated rather than extinguished by the demands of type design for printed books. Their micrography probably drew on the rich Jewish tradition of Bible decoration that was especially strong in Germany. Although Lutherans were not forbidden religious images, they shared with Judaism a great concern about the dangers of idolatry as well as great scholarly respect for the written word. Elaborate calligraphy and intricate micrography in elegant combinations of gold, silver and black were a splendid yet appropriate way of honouring the Word of God. - Another Lutheran Psalter, handwritten by Johannes Kirchring the Elder, was sold at Sotheby’s in 1994 and subsequently commanded £151,250 at Christie's in 2010 (The Arcana Collection Sale II, lot 18) - the only example ever to have been offered at auction. Apart from this, only four specimens of Kirchring's craft are known to exist, all in public collections (Stockholm Royal Library; Oldenburg State Museum; Halle University Library; Lübeck Municipal Library). A hymnal likely penned by Kirchring the younger in 1637 is known to have been owned by the brothers Grimm. - Provenance: Dedicated by the artist to Princess Juliana of Hesse-Darmstadt, wife of Count Ulrich II of East Frisia. The 19th century front flyleaf bears the ink signature of Princess Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa (1840-1901). Victoria, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and created Princess Royal in 1841, was German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III and mother of German Emperor Wilhelm II. - In perfect condition.

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Treatment of tumors, piles, sexual and infectious diseases
17

[Medical manuscript]. Recipe compendium of a barber surgeon. [Likely northern Germany and France, ca. 1650-1720]. [Likely northern Germany and France, ca. 1650-1720]. Tall 8vo (ca. 86 x 192 mm). German, French and Latin manuscript on paper in at least two or three hands. (342) pp., interleaved with 6 blank pages. Contemporary vellum.

EUR 3,500.00

Copious 17th century medical manual containing prescriptions for the treatment of various diseases, of tumors ("cartilaginose tumores"), haemorrhoids, skin diseases (tinea capitis: "Method de guerir la Tigne"), diseases of the eyes ("spots of the eyes", "pulvis oculorum") and ears ("pour la sourdite d'oreil"), sexual and infectious diseases (gonorrhoea, syphilis, malaria, spotted fever, dysentery), as well as of gangrene, scurvy, epilepsy, rheumatism, asthma, tapeworm infestation, hydropisia, with means to induce birth and to reduce menstrual bleeding. There are instructions for the production of plasters (emplastrum spermatis ranarum, santalinum, tacamahaca), ointments (balsamum peruvianum, sebum cervinum), tinctures, essences (tinctura Tartari, a heart-blood cleansing electuary, "Aqua Vitae contra Pestem, Melancoliam et Scorbutum"), powder ("Poudre de Cabaret", pulvis antepilepticus, pulvis asthmaticus, antispasmodicus hallensis), pills ("pillulaeanti febriles Heydemeyer"), purgatives or medicinal teas. In addition, there are brief treatises on the "Blut Regul", on the equipment of a barber surgeon, and on the unlucky days when medical interventions should be avoided ("Prognosticon D. D. Trunell of the unfortunate days of the year"). Occasionally the recipes seem to be based on written sources ("Ces remedes sont recomandes par Etmüller" refers to Michael Ettmüller, 1644-83; "Doctor Weissbach's famous eye salve" probably refers to Christian Weißbach, 1684-1715), but more often the writer's acquaintances are named as authors ("Doctor Keller", "Mr Beker, chirurgien a Paris", "Mr Charnée Directeur de La Tannerie", "Le Pere Ministre Trinitaire", "Frere Christian d'Arlon", "Mdmselle Marchant"). A characteristic feature of the medical practice of the age is the mixture of knowledge gleaned from books with practical knowledge and a familiarity with more recent pharmacological achievements (Glauber's salt, Tacamahaca, Quinine ("Cortex Peruvianus", "Vor das Fieber Chin Chin"), with alchemical approaches (lapis magnesarsenicalis, arcanum corallinum, tisane royale, boule de mars) and elements of folk medicine (curative mole blood) or astromedicine (the "Prognosticon"). - The manual would appear to have been begun around or slightly before the middle of the 17th century and was continued for about a century, probably by two or more generations of barber surgeons. While the first owner of the volume wrote exclusively in German, the subsequent owner travelled throughout France (Paris, Nancy) and present-day Belgium (Arlon). - Covers slightly warped; blue crayron scribbles to upper cover and flyleaf. Light browning and occasional inkstaining to pages. Provenance: Baron Ferdinand von Loën d'Enschedé (1833-99), Belgian senator and mayor, awarded the title of papal count in 1861 (his handwritten ownership of "Comte de Loën d'Enschedé" to flyleaf).

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Classic fortification treatise: author's presentation copy
18

Heidemann, Christoph. Architectura militaris. Munich, Johann Jäcklin, 1664. Munich, Johann Jäcklin, 1664. Folio (206 x 310 mm). 3 parts in one volume. (10), 98 pp., blank leaf. 62 pp., blank leaf. 26, (2) pp. With additional engraved title by Melchior Küsell and 27 double-page engraved plates. Contemporary full vellum (lacking ties). Coloured edges.

EUR 6,500.00

First edition of this classic 17th century treatise on fortification architecture. - Author's presentation copy for his immediate superior, the Bavarian Lord Steward count Maximilian Portia (d. 1679) from the Bavarian line of the counts Porcia and Brugnera, who hailed from Pordenone in Friuli, with Heidemann's full-page, elegant German inscription to the pastedown. Count Maximilian was descended from the military writer Jacopo di Porcia. - The engineer Heidemann served under the Elector of Bavaria and is regarded as a "firm adherent of Speckle's. Heidemann's construction was plainly reproduced in Sturm's 'Architectura militaris'" (Jähns). - Occasional browning and minor dampstaining. Vellum binding somewhat soiled and slightly worn at extremities. Provenance: Maximilian, Graf von und zu Porcia und Brugnara; latterly in the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research (purchased from Charles Sawyer, London, 21 February 1955, at £20).
¶ VD 17, 23:294435N. Jähns 1343. Cf. Ornamentstichkat. Berlin 3531.

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Instruction of bombardiers
19

[Artillery]. Instrucione a Scollari Bombardieri. 17th century Italian illustrated... manuscript treatise about artillery and cannons. [Italy], 1673. [Italy], 1673. Folio (ca. 210 x 305 mm). Ink manuscript on paper (watermark: eagle and coat-of-arms). 129 written pp. on 72 ff., paginated 5-98 (with lacunae) and 105-147. Numerous inserted leaves and illustrations. Contemporary carta rustica with title inscribed to front cover.

EUR 9,500.00

An extensive, illustrated manuscript treatise for the instruction of artillerists, couched as a dialogue between a apprentice bombardier and his master, entitled "Discorso fatto in dialogo trà il maestro e lo scollaro bombard[ie]re nel quale si comprende tutto quello che è necessario per saper ben maneggiare l'artiglieria". Written in brown ink in a single large gathering, including 15 pages of ink drawings laid into the manuscript, and a second section beginning on page 105 titled "Prattica del Can[on]e", in three smaller gatherings. Separate indices for the two sections at the end. The omitted pages 99-104 would appear to have been blank (as are pp 43-47 at the end of the second section), and while the page numbering in the first section is not entirely consecutive, the text appears entirely complete, with no references in the index to a unrecorded page numbers. - Browning to the laid-down drawings; some worming and several small holes and dampstains. From the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research.

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Museum-quality manuscript herbal
20

Schötz, Wolfgang, Swabian pharmacist (d. 1695). Flora delicians, sive icones plantarum ex hortis, pratis... et nemoribus nostratibus collectarum, artificisque penicillo exhibitarum studio Wolfgangi Schoetzij pharmacopaei Memmingensis. Memmingen, 1676. Memmingen, 1676. Folio (208 x 310 mm). Latin ms. and illustrations on paper. 184 ff. with gilt-raised title-page and a total of 292 watercolour and gouache plant illustrations (1 double-page), captioned and numbered 1-290 by a contemporary hand (nos. 45 and 149 assigned twice). 19th century green half cloth over marbled boards. Stored in custom-made half morocco case.

EUR 125,000.00

Unique, museum-quality manuscript herbal, previously unknown to research, compiled for the Memmingen pharmacist Wolfgang Schötz by an unidentified but obviously professionally trained artist. The nearly 300 watercolours and gouaches, all impressively accomplished, show the principal Central European medicinal, poisonous, spice and ornamental plants as they were to be found in the gardens, meadows and forests of the free imperial city of Memmingen: hollyhock, tarragon, snow pea, prunella, dandelion, spiked rampion (phyteuma spicatum), swallow-wort (asclepias vincetoxicum), echium, caper spurge (euphorbia lathyris), white bryony (wild hop, Bryonia alba), staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), poppy (papaver rhoeas), banewort (atropa belladonna), foxglove (digitalis), hemlock (Conium maculatum), as well as splendid tulips, irises and martagon lilies, Jacob's ladder (polemonium), rose, chrysanthemum, gentian, daffodil, barberry, etc. The shapes of the leaves and blossoms, often also of the roots and bulbs are rendered with extreme precision; occasionally, the illustration is enlivened with beetles, caterpillars and other insects, drawn with similarly meticulous realism. The Latin and German captions are apparently by two different writers; some of the Latin annotations may be in Schötz's own hand. The quality of the draughtsmanship and colouring approaches that of the roughly contemporaneous studies by Nicolas Robert, whose documentation of the plants in the French royal gardens, commissioned by the court of Versailles, were famous even then and remain so to this day. - The pharmacist Wolfgang Schötz (Schütz) also served as judge in the municipal court of his native Memmingen. Correspondence in his hand with the German physician and alchemist Johann Joachim Becker (1635-82) has survived in the latter scholar's posthumous papers in Rostock. Schötz was considered "the largest and strongest man" in town; when he died in 1695, ten men were needed to bear his mortal remains to the graveyard (cf. J. F. Unold, Geschichte der Stadt Memmingen [1826], p. 292). - Title-page somewhat duststained and rubbed. Leaves numbered 1-183 in pencil in the later 19th century, probably during rebinding; a few leaves transposed. A few edge flaws (some with early repairs); edges somewhat fingerstained and dampstained throughout with a larger dampstain near the end, but illustrations preserved in brilliant original colour. A masterpiece of botanical illustration.

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Newton's alchemical notes
21

Newton, Isaac, English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, theologian, and author (1642-1727). Sententiae notabiles expositae. Autograph manuscript. No place, end of the 1670s or 1680s. No place, end of the 1670s or 1680s. 4to (204 x 154 mm). 8 pp., of which 4 are written. 1 folded leaf (watermark: cor de postillon HG / MC), the 4 last leaves blank and uncut.

EUR 225,000.00

Interesting compilation of alchemical notes in Latin. It was the sale of Newton’s archives in 1936 that revealed the extent of his interest in alchemy, hermetics and unorthodox theology. Sources and quotes are indicated with great precision and denote an attentive reader. Many are taken from the "Septimana philosophica" of Michael Maier (Frankfurt, 1620), of which we know that Newton owned a copy (John Harrison, The Library of Isaac Newton, 1046). The "Symbola aureaea mensae duodecim nationum" by the same author (Frankfurt, 1617) are also a source (Harrison 1048; National Library of Israel, Jerusalem, coll. S. M. Edelstein), as well as the "Hieroglyphica aegyptio-graeca" (London, ca. 1614?). Michael Maier (1568-1622) was a German physician and alchemist who travelled to the court of Rudolf II in Prague and became his personal advisor. Upon Rudolf's death in 1612, Maier made his way to England, where he published a number of alchemical works and hermetic philosophy. - Newton's present "Sententiae" were composed with great care, and the writer corrected his work himself (note a few erasures). The first quote is taken from the "Turba philosophorum" (likely from the text published in "Artis auriferae", Basel 1610: Harrison 90; Trinity College, Cambridge), with an additional reference to the "Liber lilium tanquam de spinis evulsum" by G. Tecenensis, as found in volume IV of the celebrated "Theatrum chemicum" (published 1659-61): "Aes [corpus mortuum] non lingit nisi [spiritu tenui abstracto] lingatur [per extractionem animae et imbibitionem septenam] sed si lingitur lingit" (Turba p. 14, 25; Lilium de spinis p. 902, 903). - "Sulphura sulphuribus continentur, [i.e. condensa humidis, seu corpora spiritibus suis per imbibitionem septenam conjuncta]" (Turba p. 14, 22, 30). - An entry in the present manuscript found on page 3 reads: "Infantis philosophici parentes et nutrix [...]". This is actually a string of references from "Tab[ula] Smaragd[ina]", Grasshoff, "El Raymund in Theorica Testamenti" (Raymond Lull), the "Hierogl[yphica]" of Maier, and Laurentius Ventura. The difference in the colour of ink suggests that these references were added at a later date. - Other quotes are taken from Artephius and Nicolas Flamel (Newton spells the name "Flammel"), as found in the "Philosophie naturelle de trois anciens philosophes renommez", Paris 1682, that Newton owned in two copies (Harrison 1309-1310, Trinity College); from Rosinus (as found in "Artis auriferae", tom. I, pp. 158-204); and from the "Liber Abre" (p. 334 of the "Musaeum hermeticum", Frankfurt 1677: Harrison 1131, Trinity College). This reference allows for a terminus post quem date for the present manuscript of after 1677, likely in the 1680s. - Provenance: The Newton Papers (Sotheby’s, London 13 July 1936, part of lot 103), bought by Emmanuel Fabius; later sold again at Sotheby’s, Sir Isaac Newton. Highly Important Manuscripts (Sotheby’s, New York, 3 December 2004, no 502).

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''A series of instructive illustrations on artillery''
22

[Zurich New Year's Engravings]. [Sammlung der Neujahrs-Kupfer der Gesellschaft der Constabler und... Feuerwerker in Zürich]. [Zurich, 1689-1798]. [Zurich, 1689-1798]. Oblong folio (345 x 283 mm.). 109 engraved plates (some folding). Later mottled calf.

EUR 9,500.00

Extremely rare, complete series of the New Year's engravings issued by the "Society of Constables and Fireworkers of Zurich". A single comparable set is known in libraries and special collections (Berne University Library). "Durch die von 1689 bis 1798 fortgesetzte Herausgabe von Neujahrsblättern, welche eine belehrende Reihe bildlicher Darstellungen über das Artilleriefach, begleitet von zweckmäßigen Erläuterungen, enthalten, beurkundete die Gesellschaft der Constaffler und Feuerwerker in Zürich eine fruchtbringende Theilnahme an der militärisch-wissenschaftlichen Erziehung der Jugend; seit 1806 setzt dieser Verein auf ähnliche Weise seine anerkennenswerthen Bemühungen fort, obschon die äußern Merkmale einer militärischen Genossenschaft nicht mehr vorhanden sind" (Leemann, Abriss der Militär-Statistik der Schweiz [1839], p. 249). Other Zurich military societies issued similar series for the New Year. The splendid engravings show artillery, drill, maneuvers, fortification, guns, ordnance, and powder-making; engravers include Johann Balthasar Bullinger, Johannes Meyer, Johann Melchior Füssli, David Herrliberger, Johannes Lochman, David Scheuchzer, A. G. Schübler, Johann Heinrich Lips, D. Böyel, and Schellenberg. The 1751 plate ("Einleitung zur Artillerie-Wissenschafft") doubles as a half-title. - Traces of old folds to a few plates, occasionally somewhat stained in the margins or remargined altogether; one (for 1788) trimmed to the plate edge and rebacked. A fine, complete set from the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research.
¶ Spaulding/Karpinski 198. Lipperheide Qf 1 (only 89 plates: wants 1776-77 and 1780ff.)

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The second known copy, the only one to include the appendix on predestination
23

Pilarik, Stephan. Neuvermehrter, von der Hochlöblichen Theologischen Facultät zu Wittenberg... censirter, approbirter und recommandirter auch mit 35 schönen Kupfferstücken gezierter Catechetischer Lehr-Grund [...]. Budissin (Bautzen), Andreas Richter, 1693. Budissin (Bautzen), Andreas Richter, 1693. 8vo. 76, (4), 824 (not: 822), (24) pp. With engraved portrait frontispiece (by M. Bodenehr after A. Batlowsky) and 36 engraved plates (1 folding). Includes a loosely inserted appendix: pp. 519-542 "belonging to p. 518" as well as another engraved portrait (folded). Contemporary vellum with giltstamped spine title ("Pilarik. Catechet. Grund. Lehr. Vnd. Schvp. Svnd. Rohll."). All edges coloured.

EUR 3,500.00

Extremely rare third edition of Stephan Pilarik's Catechism: the second known copy, the only other one being kept at the Szécheny National Library in Budapest (shelfmark RMK III. 3787). Stephan Pilarik junior (1644-1720), son of the like-named Hungarian theologian István Pilarik (1615-93) and, like him, a Protestant exile in Lusatia (driven abroad by the Counter-Reformation, like so many non-Catholic subjects of Habsburg rule), had served as pastor in Hungary, Silesia and Saxony and was his father's substitute before becoming vicar of Klein-Röhrsdorf in 1695. His Catechism, originally entitled "Höchst-nöthiger, nützlicher und in mancherley Anfechtungen bestehender catechetischer Lehr-Grund", was first published in 1681 and then again in 1687, both times by Johann Christoph Jacob in Brieg (Brzeg). A fourth and fifth edition were to appear as late as 1714 and 1717, published by Schwencke in Dresden. The long autobiographical preface ("Historische Zuschrifft") to the present third edition is dated 10 November 1693, a mere nine months after the passing of Pilarik senior. The foreword mentions a locust plage that the author witnessed in Modor (now Modra in Slovakia) in 1685 and includes a large folding plate showing the locusts descending on the village. Remarkably, this plate has been extensively annotated by the book's contemporary owner: both the margins of the engraving as well as the blank reverse contain a closely written account of similar plagues that devastated the crops of Bramel (near Bremerhaven) during the Thirty Years' War as well as in 1710. This report is signed by Johannes Gödtkens (1658-1744), a native of Hamburg who served as pastor in Bramel from 1698 to 1711 before transferring to Grünendeich near Stade, where he remained until his death (cf. Bruhn, Die Kandidaten der hamburgischen Kirche von 1654 bis 1825 [1963], p. 139f.). Throughout the volume are numerous additional underlinings and annotations in Gödtken's hand, giving evidence of the pastor's close study of Pilarik's catechism. Loosely inserted at the end is an appendix of 24 pages, providing a more extensive treatment of a particularly thorny aspect of Protestant doctrine, namely predestination and how to determine who is among the elect ("Woran kan man abnehmen, welche die Auserwehlten seyn, und welche sind ihre Merk-Zeichen?"). This appendix appears to be missing from the Budapest copy, which also seems to contain a mere 11 plates (likely the frontispiece and the ten plates illustrating the Ten Commandments). An additional engraved portrait of Pilarik jr. (by Johann Tscherning, after a drawing by Moritz Lang) is inserted with the appendix. - Binding slightly rubbed and duststained; an old shelfmark label "2" to spine. The generously spaced lower inner hinge purposely leaves room for the inserted appendix.
¶ Cat. Bibl. Hung. Nat. Széch. (Suppl.) I, 448. Not in VD 17 or OCLC.

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Seventeenth-century illustrated Italian manuscript about geometry and artillery
24

[Artillery]. Di alcuni principi di geomettria, necessarij per intendere,... e sapere fare spedissam[en]te tutto quello, che si appartiene ad un valoroso bombard[ie]re. Italy, 17th century. Large folio (ca. 270 x 410 mm). Italian manuscript on paper. 60 ff. comprising 9 pp. of text and 54 plates (versos blank), with 8 additional drawings loosely inserted or pasted on the inside front cover. Contemporary carta rustica.

EUR 25,000.00

Comprising mainly 54 full-page plates executed in pen and ink, illustrating cannons, mortars, explosives, crossbows (with explosives), hoists, winches, ballistic trajectories, diagrams and artillerymen. Many of the drawings in this manuscript are modelled on the engraved plates in Diego Ufano's treatise on artillery, first published in Spanish (Brussels, 1612). There does not appear to have been an edition in Italian. - Binding worn with stitching working loose, some staining to lower corners. From the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research.

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''stands out as one of the defining, principal works of its time''
25

Fleming, Hanns Friedrich von. Der Vollkommene Teutsche Soldat, welcher Die gantze Kriegs-Wissenschaft,... insonderheit was bey der Infanterie vorkommt, ordentlich und deutsch vorträgt [...]. Leipzig, Johann Christian Martini, 1726. Leipzig, Johann Christian Martini, 1726. Folio (220 x 349 mm). (8), 20, 808, (40) pp. Title-page printed in red and black. With 63 engraved plates, mainly double-page, including additional title and portrait of the author by Pingeling, and 9 engraved vignettes. Contemporary full vellum with manuscript title to spine.

EUR 3,500.00

First edition. - One of the most finely illustrated German books of the Baroque era: "a copious, methodical encyclopedia" (Jähns) of all aspects of the Baroque military, "stands out as one of the defining, principal works of its time". The beautifully designed, vivid engravings depict recruitment, soldiers exercising, pipers, drummers, court-martial and execution, army surgery, the General Staff in the Map Room, fencing, equestrian vaulting, cannons, a Danse Macabre, etc. - Plates numbered A-Rrrr (listed at end). Occasional light browning, spotting and waterstaining. New front pastedown and flyleaf. Old ownership removed from half-title (repaired). Binding somewhat rubbed with upper hinge barely splitting. - Provenance: from the collection of Thomas Fremantle, 3rd Baron Cottesloe (1862-1956), commander of the Territorial Army and president of the Society for Army History Research (purchased from E. Parsons, London, 28 October 1922, £4/4s).
¶ Jähns 1455. Lipperheide Qda 1. Marini 227. Jordan 1213.

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A Silesian Grand Tourist in Italy
26

Morawitzky von Rudnitz, Johann Heinrich, Silesian baron and traveller (ca. 1677-1754). Technophylacium Germanico-Italicum oder die Deutsche und Italienische Kunst-Kammer... in welcher mancherley alte und neue memorabilia vorkommen wolte Johann Heinrich Freyherr von Morawitzky u. Rudnitz nach seiner Anno 1695 und 1696 abgelegten Reise durch die aller vornehmsten deutschen und italienischen Oerther, denen Lieben Seinigen und andern Liebhabern zum guten Andencken hinterlaßen. Boblowitz (Boboluszki), Upper Silesia, 19. I. 1730. Boblowitz (Boboluszki), Upper Silesia, 19. I. 1730. 4to. German manuscript in red and black ink on paper. (2), 1, (1), 2-78, 89 (but: 79)-100, 111 (but: 101)-190, 197 (but: 191)-208, 210-259 (omitting p. 209), (2), 3 blank pp. Unsophisticated contemporary boards.

EUR 9,500.00

Unpublished manuscript account of a German nobleman's Grand Tour of Europe, performed in 1695 and 1696. - The journey took the young Silesian baron Johann Heinrich Morawitzky von Rudnitz to Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Brussels, Hamburg, Bremen, Berlin, Dresden, Wolfenbüttel, Marburg an der Lahn, Augsburg, Nuremberg, Milan, Venice, Padua, Parma, Florence, Tivoli, Rome, and Naples. In all, the index cites 48 cities and towns. Morawitzky's descriptions tend to be succinct, focusing on the main attractions, such as architecture, paintings and objets d'art, monasteries, churches, commercial buildings, Wunderkammern, castles, and fortifications. Rome is covered quite extensively (some 72 pages), including a description of a visit to "Roma Subterranea" and the Catacomb of Priscilla. The description of Naples includes an excursion to Mt. Vesuvius (smoking and spewing forth lava), Pozzuoli and the Phlegrean Fields, as well as an early witness account of the notorious dog experiment in the Grotta del Cane near Lago di Agnano (famously also demonstrated to Goethe, Dumas, and Mark Twain). - Pagination irregular, but complete thus. Binding rubbed; spine professionally repaired. An early waterstain in the upper gutter throughout. This manuscript, prepared in 1730, many years after Morawitzky's return, is one of two known fair copies bearing the same date, the other owned in 1783 by Friedrich Heinrich von der Marwitz and now kept at the Leipzig University Library. As the latter specimen appears to be more consistently paginated and yet seems to contain a number of copyist's errors, it is arguable that the present copy is the earlier one, possibly even Morawitzky's original fair copy. - A rare survival, and a fine opportunity to study the reception of the "ars apodemica" by a late 17th century Grand Tourist from the eastern fringes of the Empire.
¶ Cf. T. Fuchs (ed.), Handschriften und Urkunden der Stadtbibliothek Leipzig, p. 98, Rep. IV 88s (Z334): "Reinschrift - 1730 [...] Erworben von Prof. F. Becker [...] Eine entsprechende Druckschrift konnte nicht nachgewiesen werden", accessioned 1927.

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The cookbook of a noble Bavarian lady
27

Eckher von Kapfing und Liechteneck, Maria Anna Freifrau, née Baroness Belrupt. Ein shen und gutes wol approbiertes Kochbuech, worinnen... allerley schene gute und gerechte Speisen zu kochen sein, wie auch von allerley gallanderin Speisen, guten Confect, und schenen Frichten, gut und gerecht zu machen. [Probably Freising (Bavaria) or Sarns (South Tyrol)], 1730 (with somewhat later addenda). [Probably Freising (Bavaria) or Sarns (South Tyrol)], 1730 (with somewhat later addenda). 4to (160 x 206 mm). German manuscript on paper. (2), 522 (misnumbered 524) pp., 13 ff. of index, 30 pp. Contemporary full vellum.

EUR 5,800.00

Extensive cookbook compiled for a noble Bavarian lady, well legible throughout and rendered easy to use by an index. Divided into 12 parts, including soups, starters, poultry, roasts, pâtés, pastries; cakes, jellies, gingerbreads, and fruits. Signed by the scribe on p. 349: "Copied for your baronial grace your most obedient servant Joan. Casp. Josep. Hnltr." [= Hanalter?]; then continued by the same hand until p. 479: "Finis coronat opus"; continued by a different hand with additional recipes until p. 524. After the index, an 18th century writer has added a 30-page appendix of medical recipes. - The book's owner is named on the title-page: Maria Anna Eckher von Kapfing und Lichteneck had married into an old Bavarian noble family whose best-known representative was probably Johann Franz Freiherr von Eckher (d. 1727), bishop of Freising. The reverse of the title-page bears the handwritten ownership of Hedwig Elisabeth de Cazan (1745-1814), daughter of Anton Corbinian de Cazan and wife of Caspar Ignaz de Pallaus (1731-97) from Sarns near Brixen, who here calls Maria Anna von Eckher her mother. - Several additional recipes on loosely inserted slips of paper. Binding somewhat rubbed; extremeties and front hinge professionally repaired; modern first flyleaf. Occasional insignificant brownstains, but a fine survival nonetheless.

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A landmark in the literature of Portuguese expansion in the East: rare, almost all copies having perished in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755
28

Galvão, Antonio. Tratado dos descobrimentos antigos, e modernos. Feitos até... a Era de 1550, com os nomes particulares das pessoas que os fizerao. Lisbon, Officina Ferreiriana, 1731. Lisbon, Officina Ferreiriana, 1731. Folio (202 x 294 mm). (16), 100 pp. Title printed win red and black. With woodcut title vignette and full-page woodcut of the author at the end of the preliminaries. 19th century half cloth.

EUR 9,500.00

Second edition of Galvao's great history of exploration and voyages, including the Portuguese conquests on the Arabian coast, in the Gulf, and in the Kingdom of Ormus. The first edition, published in 1563, is considered virtually unobtainable, as only some five or six copies are known to exist. "This second edition, says Innocencio, 'has been equally rare for many years, since almost all copies were lost, in the house of a bookdealer, during the Lisbon earthquake'" (Borba de Moraes). Galvao's text was translated in 1601 by Hakluyt, who complained about the rarity of the first edition even then, and had to rely on a copy sent from Lisbon. - Born in 1503, Galvao was sent to India in 1527, and after distinguishing himself there, he was appointed governor of the Moluccas. He maintained a keen interest in military and religious affairs throughout his career, and spent the latter part of his life assembling accounts of the voyages that comprise this collection. He provides a relatively succinct chronological list of ancient and modern discoveries to the year 1550, including those by Columbus, Cabral, Cortés, and Pizarro. "Ce livre est divisé en deux parties: la première traite des premières navigations, y compris celles faites par les Espagnols et les Portugais dans l'océan Atlantique et aux côtes d'Afrique. La seconde partie contient toutes les découvertes faites par les Espagnols et les Portugais en Amérique et aux Indes jusqu'en l'année 1550" (Leclerc). "The author has been styled 'the founder of historical geography'. The book gives a good summary of the geographical explorations of the Portuguese and other important voyagers, including the English" (Hill). - Spine worn. Slight spotting and thumbing throughout, slight worming to lower blank margin of first 6 leaves, minor hole to blank margin of fol. M3.
¶ Sabin 26468. Borba de Moraes 289. Bosch 180. Rodrigues 1059. Palau 182.290. Leclerc 225. Innocencio I, 147, 720. Hill 670. Bibliotheca Americana 642. European Americana 731/89.

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Illustrated obstetrics manuscript
29

Winter, Franz Adam von, Bavarian physician (fl. 1740s). Opusculum, de Examine Obstetricum, Easque informandi Methodo, Quomodo... nimirum, tam in naturali, quam non naturali partu, ac Foetu mortuo existentese gerere debeant: Una cum Exigua Sectionis Caesareae Explanatione: Item de Gravidarum, & Pueperarum nec non Infantum Recens Natorum Regimine, & Affectibus [...]. Landsberg am Lech, 1744. Landsberg am Lech, 1744. 8vo. Latin manuscript (brown ink) on paper. Title-page, (3), (1 blank), 115 (not 111), (1 blank) pp., (4 blank leaves), (6) pp. of index. With 8 hand-drawn pen-and-ink, grey wash plates (some folding). Contemporary full calf chipped at extremeties with remains of a giltstamped spine label "...me Pueper". All edges red.

EUR 9,500.00

Unpublished obstetrics manual, handwritten and fully illustrated by a German physician of the 1740s. The meticulous calligraphy of the headlines, the justified margins and precise paragraph indentations imitate a book printed in a classical Roman typeface, while the text is written in an easily legible, educated and appealingly regular round Latin hand. - The book is arranged in two separate sections, or "treatises": the first, longer one includes all of the illustrations and is more overtly didactic, following a question-answer pattern, while the second one (entitled "De regimine gravidarum, puerperarum, nec non infantum, recens natorum; item, de morbis et affectibus illorum"), provides a more scholarly discussion of specific ailments and treatments of the mother and baby, including medical prescriptions. The various chapters are concerned with signs of pregnancy, how to turn breech babies, caesarean sections, stillbirth, teratology, but also morning sickness, piles, sciatica, and lactation; the fine illustrations include cross-sections of the womb showing the fetus in various positions, the placenta, and the female genital organs as well as a grown-up hermaphrodite displaying ambiguous genitalia, conjoined twins and other freaks of nature. - Franz Adam Wolfgang von Winter was born in Dingolfing, Southern Bavaria, likely some time before 1720. Already equipped with a degree in philosophy, he apparently practised as a physician at Landsberg, some 20 miles distant, before deciding to take the degree of Medical Doctor at the University of Altdorf near Nuremberg. Without previously having studied there, he matriculated on 10 December 1744 as a doctoral candidate and passed his viva five days later (cf. Die Matrikel der Universität Altdorf [Würzburg 1912], p. 582, no. 17465). His inaugural dissertation "De Cautione in Observationibus Physico-Medicis Adhibenda", an investigation of the caution that must apply in medical observations, was printed that same year by J. G. Meyer in Altdorf, with a congratulatory poem by professor Johann Jacob Kirsten. The examination would appear to have been little more than a formality; at least it does not seem to have overly preoccupied the medical student who almost simultaneously found the time to prepare the present manuscript: a long, lovingly illustrated manual abounding with a sort of practical detail quite absent from the same author's very generally worded 17-page dissertation. In the manuscript, Winter calls himself "Phil. & Med. Doct. Phys. t. t. & Practic. in Landsperg, Anno MDCCXLIV", which would date at least the completion of this text within the last two weeks of 1744 following his graduation from Altdorf. Winter's further career must remain the subject of further research: he is not recorded in the biographical dictionaries of noteworthy physicians such as Hirsch & Hübotter and may have died before the middle of the century. - Spine-ends chipped; corners bumped; hinges weak. First gathering loosened; insignificant brownstains to a few leaves, but very well preserved. A charming survival.

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2112 ½ lire: Mozart's fee for "Lucio Silla"
30

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, composer (1756-1791), and his father Leopold Mozart (1719-1787). Receipt signed by both ("Amadeo Mozart mp" and... "Leopoldo Mozart mp"). Milan, 29. XII. 1772. Milan, 29. XII. 1772. 4to. 1 p. on bifolium.

A receipt for 130 zecchini gigliati, or 2112½ lire, written by Ambrogio Galeazzi, treasurer of the Regio Ducal Teatro in Milan, and signed in their own hands by the sixteen-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his father Leopold: "Ho ricevuti io sottos.to dal Sr. Ambrogio Galeazzi, Cass.e del Teatro, Zecchini Gigliati numero cento trenta, dico #130, che a ragione di lire 16.5- formana lire 2112.10- per intero saldo del convenuto mio Onorario per aver composta la Musica della prim' Opera Seria, che si rappresenta nel corr.te Carnovale [...]". - Mozart received the money as remuneration for his opera "Lucio Silla", based on the history of the Roman dictator Sulla. (The Mozarts also enjoyed free lodging at the Theatre's expense.) Written for the 1773 carnival season, the work was commissioned as early as March 1771, following the great success of Mozart's "Mitridate", also at Milan. The libretto was by Giovanni di Gamerra, who incorporated changes suggested by Pietro Metastasio. The opera was first performed on the evening of 26 December 1772 at the Regio Ducal Teatro, three days before Mozart was paid. Although it was regarded a success, this was to be the last commission Mozart was to receive from Italy. - Light traces of old folds; a tiny pinprick hole in the left margin from registration. An uncommonly well-preserved document.
¶ Cf. Alberto Basso, I Mozart in Italia (Roma, 2006), pp. 29f. (note 46), 98.

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