Editio princeps
1

Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi, Muwaffaq al-Din / White, Joseph (ed.). Abdollatiphi compendium memorabilium Aegypti. Arabice. Tübingen, Johann Georg Cotta, 1789. Tübingen, Johann Georg Cotta, 1789. 8vo. VIII, 157, (1) pp., final blank f. Contemporary unsophisticated wrappers.

EUR 2,500.00

First edition. - Abd al-Latif's graphic and detailed "Account of Egypt" in the original Arabic, here edited by Joseph White (1745-1814). The Baghdad-born Abd al-Latif (1162-1231), a celebrated physician, historian, Egyptologist and traveller, was one of the most voluminous writers of the Near East in his time. One of the earliest works on Egyptology, this crucial work contains detailed descriptions of ancient Egyptian monuments, as well as a vivid description of a famine caused, during the author's residence in Egypt, by the Nile failing to overflow its banks. On this occasion Al-Latif had opportunity to observe and examine a large number of corpses - one of the earliest examples of a postmortem autopsy. - The Arabic manuscript was discovered in 1665 by Edward Pococke and preserved at the Bodleian Library. Pococke published the Arabic manuscript in the 1680s, and his son translated the work into Latin, though he was only able to publish less than half of his work. Joseph White subsequently published it with his own additions. - Occasional slight browning. Contemp. ownership "J. Venturi" to title page.
¶ GAL I, 481. Schnurrer 176. Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 2. Brunet I, 9. Graesse I, 3. NYPL Arabia coll. 18. OCLC 25338325.

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Signed by Moses Mendelssohn
2

Album amicorum of Johann Christoph von Selpert. Berlin, Bremen, Dresden, Hamburg, Göttingen, Lausanne, Leipzig, Meißen, Regensburg, Zurich, 1768-1774. Berlin, Bremen, Dresden, Hamburg, Göttingen, Lausanne, Leipzig, Meißen, Regensburg, Zurich, 1768-1774. Oblong 8vo (200 x 118 mm). 86 ff. with 93 entries, 5 full-page illustrations (1 washed pencil drawing, 4 gouaches), and a watercolour flower in the text. Contemp. vellum with coloured lacquer decorations to covers and spine. Bronze varnish paper; edges goffered and gilt.

EUR 15,000.00

Uncommonly beautiful friendship album belonging to the law student Johann Christoph von Selpert (d. 1817), later councillor and delegate of various cities at the Regensburg Imperial Diet. Among the various contributors are many important scholars of the late 18th century, including Moses Mendelssohn, Johann Bernhard Basedow, Salomon Gessner, A. F. Büsching, and Christian August Clodius. - The earliest contributors are mostly Regensburg relatives of Selpert's, including Johanna Elisabetha née Harrer, wiife of the local merchant and freemason Ludwig Leonhard Schkler (1738-1807), but also the 13-year-old Benedikt Friedrich Springer (1756-1803), later a preacher of note. Soon, more important personages are added whom Selpert met during his University years at Leipzig: the Rosicrucian Adam Michael Birkholz (1746-1818), who published under the pen name "AdaMah Booz", the preacher and hymn poet Johann Gottfried Schöner (1749-1818), the later law professor Christian Rau (1744-1818), as well as the historian Johann Gottlob Böhme (1717-80), the law scholar J. H. Wilmerding (1749-1828), later the mayor of Braunschweig, the educator Johann Bernhard Basedow (1724-90), the poet and philosopher Christian August Clodius (1737-84), the theologian and classical scholar Johann August Ernesti (1707-81), director of Leipzig's Thomasschule, and the city captain Johann Christian Krappe (1709-91). In Berlin, Moses Mendelssohn signs himself (in Hebrew) on 25 Iyyar 5532 (i.e., 28 May 1772), as does the geographer Anton Friedrich Büsching (1724-93); a Hamburg contribution is by the Linné student Johann Christoph von Heidenstam (1739-74); others, from Göttingen, are by Johann Heinrich Prieser (1749-1801) and Johann Jakob Besserer (1753-1834), both of whom soon would make their careers in Augsburg as concillors and even as mayor. Further journeys lead Selpert to Dresden, Meissen, and Bremen. Contributions from Lausanne (1773) include the physician and chemist Heinrich Struve (1751-1826), the naturalist Jakob Samuel Wyttenbach (1748-1839), and the jurist Samuel Porta (1716-1790); in Zurich the poet Salomon Gessner (1730-88) signs, as does the physician and writer Johann Kaspar Hirzel (1725-1803). - Selpert's coat of arms (an ink drawing on strong wove paper) is inserted loosely. A title page and some four leaves were removed from the album, apparently at a very early date. Spine somewhat sunned. A complete list of all contributors is available upon request.

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Ein Konvertit aus dem Umkreis Mozarts
3

Album amicorum des Johann von Henikstein. Wien, Dresden, Triest, Hamburg, Danzig, Riga, Breslau, Berlin u. a., 1796 - 1799, einige spätere Einträge bis 1818. Wien, Dresden, Triest, Hamburg, Danzig, Riga, Breslau, Berlin u. a., 1796 - 1799, einige spätere Einträge bis 1818. Titel, 345 num. SS. (es fehlen die SS. 56/57, 66/67, 76/77, 87/88, 89/90, 106/107, 248/249, 278/279, 309/310, 329/330) und 11 nn. Bll. Lederbd. d. Zt. mit Deckel- und Rückenvergoldung. Qu.-8vo.

EUR 4,500.00

Johann von Henikstein war der Sohn des Großhändlers Abraham Hönig (1745-1811; 1784 geadelt; ab 1807 Ritter/Edler von Henikstein) und seiner Frau Karoline Josefa, geb. Seligmann (1748/53-1823); 1781 trat die Familie vom Judentum zum katholischen Bekenntnis über. Johanns Bruder Joseph erwarb sich Verdienste als Direktor der Oesterreichischen Nationalbank und als eifriger Förderer der Musik, als der er in seinem Haus regelmäßig Konzerte veranstaltete und zu den Freunden Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts gehörte. - Das mit 30 meist sehr sauber ausgeführten Federzeichnungen, Aquarellen u. a. versehene Stammbuch umfaßt etwa 120 Einträge in deutscher, französischer, italienischer und englischer Sprache. Unter den Einträgern finden sich: Dr. v. Anreitter, Christoph v. Schrötter, Friedrich Pelikan, Therese v. Schrötter, Joseph Sauter, Vinzenz Zay, Alexis de Cappa, Julius v. Henikstein, G. Haeseler, D. Loehr, Daniel Abegg, Elise v. Jonak, Anton v. Uhl, Lisette Hoenigfeld, J. Loewe, Gottfried August Lutteroth, Graf Castiglioni, Ignaz Schumann v. Mansegg, Rosina Haen, Charlotte v. Specht, Therese und Felix Gourcy, Catharina Chiappone, Elisabeth v. Henikstein, Joseph v. Henikstein, Gräfin Eleonora Hendl, Philip Salomon, Fanny v. Koerber, J. Mendelssohn u. v. a. - Innen tlw. etwas fleckig; mit umlaufendem Goldschnitt; Deckel etwas beschabt und bestoßen bzw. angeplatzt.

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Mit einem Eintrag Hebels
4

Album amicorum des Johann Heinrich Scherber. Jena und Erlangen, 1779-1781. Jena und Erlangen, 1779-1781. 143 Bll. (pag. SS. 27 bis 346), 11 Bll. Register, 1 Bl. 283 Einträge mit 13 Scherenschnitten/Silhouetten, 3 einmontierten Kupferstichen (einer davon koloriert) und 1 kolorierten Zeichnung (Studenten beim Billardspiel). Lederband der Zeit. Qu.-8vo.

EUR 18,000.00

Der Inhaber des vorliegenden Stammbuches, Johann Heinrich Scherber (1759-1837), war Pfarrer von Bischofsgrün und später dann von Selb. Die Einträge entstanden ausschließlich während der Studentenzeit in Jena (Immatrikulation am 23. X.1777) und Erlangen (Immatrikulation am 03. V. 1779). Hervorzuheben ist ein bislang nicht bekannter Eintrag des Dichters Johann Peter Hebel (S. 102) und daß einige Beiträger einen Bezug zu Goethe haben, so etwa der "Onkel von Christiane von Goethe", Justus Herrmann Deahna, andere zu Jean Paul, etwa Johann Nicolaus Apel oder der Schwiegervater von Jean Pauls jüngster Tochter Odilie, Christian Hake. Unter den Eintragungen finden sich u. a.: 1) Erlangen, 27.06.1779. Friedrich Gustav Metzger (1762-1782) aus Rothenburg; in das Stammbuch des früh Verstorbenen hat sich Johann Peter Hebel eingetragen; der von Metzger mit einem Kommentar versehene Eintrag des Dichters ist wiedergegeben bei Pietsch. Das Stammbuch liegt im Museum für Angewandte Kunst in Frankfurt a. M. - 2) Erlangen, 21.09.1780. Johann Nicolaus Apel ( 1757-1823), deutscher Autor, Naturforscher, Konstrukteur und Politiker. Stand u. a. in Briefkontakt mit Jean Paul, der von seinem Vater, dem Pastor Johann Apel (1726-1779) getauft worden war. - 3) Erlangen, 16.10.1780. Georg Christian Elias Erb (1759-1826), Pfarrer in Schornweisach, später in Neudrossenfeld. War als Feldprediger 1782-1784 bei den Bayreuther Regimentern in Amerika und nahm dort an den Kämpfen der Amerikanischen Revolution teil. Verfasser einiger Predigten. - 4) Jena, 14.03.1779. Johann Wilhelm Schmidt (1760-1816), Pfarrer, zuletzt in Buggingen. Freund des Dichters Johann Peter Hebel, der sich gleich zwei Mal in sein Stammbuch eingetragen hat, das in der Badischen Landesbibliothek in Karlsruhe liegt. - 5) Erlangen, 1780. Johann Gotthard Gericke (1759-1783), Theologiestudent aus Riga, der auf der Heimreise nach Riga ertrank. Sein Stammbuch ist erhalten geblieben, in dieses haben sich Goethe, Wieland und Herder - mit einem Gedicht - eingetragen. - 6) Erlangen, im März 1779. Johann Peter Hebel (1760-1826) mit einem Gedicht: "Fehlt innen Ruhe nicht, was fehlet meinem Leben. | Als was entberlich ist, und unentberlich scheint? | Solt ich bei iedem Unfal beben, | und weinen, wan die Torheit weint | Zum Andenken der ungeheuchelten Freundschaft von deinem treuen Freund J. P. Hebel [...]". Der vorliegende bislang unbekannte Hebeleintrag zitiert - wohl aus dem Gedächtnis - eine Strophe aus dem Gedicht "Glückseligkeit" des Dichters Johann Peter Uz. - 7) Erlangen, 04.05.1779. Johann Friedrich Plitt (1761-1823), ab 1803 "von" Plitt, Dr. iur., Hofrat, Minister-Resident usw. - 8) Erlangen, im May 1779. Ludwig Sebastian Zehelein (?-?), bis 1803 Conrector des Lyceums, ab 1803 Rector der Lateinschule in Tirschenreuth, Bruder des Lyrikers Ludwig Sebastian Zehelein. - 9) Erlangen, 07.05.1779. Ehrenfried Hans Friedrich Ferdinand Busch (1756-1816), als Secondeleutnant bei den Ansbacher Jägern in den Jahren 1781-1783 in Amerika kämpfend (in derselben Einheit wie die Einträger Erb und Deahna), später Hauptmann und Stadtvogt in Crailsheim. Busch "verliess Erlangen am 14.May in der Hoffnung, sein Glück als Officier in Amerika zu machen. Der Himmel begleite deinen Entschluß, gute Seele!" - 10) Erlangen, September 1780. Philipp Adolf Besserer von Thalfingen (um 1756- 1779), Sohn des Ratsältesten Christoph Erhard Besserer von Thalfingen, ertrank 1789 bei Bövingen, mutmaßlich Suizid. Sein Stammbuch liegt in der HAAB in Weimar (StB128). - 11) Erlangen, Nov. 1780. Sebastian Andreas Balthasar von Hößlin (1759-1845), bedeutender Stadtbaumeister der Stadt Augsburg. - 12) [Erlangen], 1779. Martin Heinrich Friedrich Pilger (1760 Wetzlar-1838 Charkov), zuletzt Ordinarius für Veterinärmedizin in Charkov. Nach einer militärischen Karriere veröffentlichte der Autodidakt Pilger zahlreiche Aufsätze zum Thema Veterinärmedizin, dies unter Nennung seines Offiziersranges als Hauptmann. Daneben veröffentlichte Pilger 1791 die sog. "Wezlarische Annalen", die ihn als echten deutschen Aufklärer zeigen, der sich mit buchstäblich allen anlegt. Bis heute von hoher Bedeutung seine Abhandlung "Ideen über die Behandlung der Juden in Deutschland", die ihn als Vorkämpfer der Juden-Emanzipation ausweisen. Der Ruf an die Universität Charkov in der Ukraine war Diskussionspunkt bei J. W. v. Goethe. In Charkov hat sich dieser streitlustige Mann dann mit allen überworfen. Zu ihm wird bemerkt: "Dies wenige mag von dem Charakter dieses Ehrenmannes zeugen | war zu nichts anderes tüchtig als zur Tragung der Flinte" und "General aller Schisser und dummen Jungen". - 13) Erlangen, Merz 1781. Ludwig Steinbrenner (1759-Großbödungen), Theologe. - 14) O. O. u. D. Justus Herrmann Deahna ( 1758-1825 Bayreuth) zuletzt Justiz- und Regierungsrat in Bayreuth. Nahm als junger Mann als Leutnant der Ansbacher Jäger für ca. 2 Jahre an dem Unabhängigkeitskrieg in Amerika teil. Seine Tochter Helene heiratete 1801 Christian August Vulpius, den Schwager Goethes, die andere Tochter Rosalie den Bankier Falkner. Deahna wird wegen dieser verwandtschaftlichen Beziehungen, die ihm Tischeinladungen mit Goethe einbrachten, in der Literatur als "Onkel von Christiane von Goethe" bezeichnet. - 15) . Erlangen, Mai -79. Justus Friedrich Zehelein (1760-1802), Schriftsteller, Lyriker, Komponist, Radierer. Friedrich von Matthisson hat ihn mit seinen Werken in Band 14 seiner Lyrischen Anthologie aufgenommen. - 16) Erlangen, 10.11.1780. Peter Adam Freiherr Liebert von Liebenhofen (1759-1818), Augsburger Bankier, Sohn des (weitaus berühmteren) Benedikt Adam Liebert, des Erbauers des Schaezlerpalais in Augsburg, in dem Marie Antoinette angeblich ein Paar Schuhe durchgetanzt hat. - 17) Erlangen, 17.08.1779. Christian Heinrich Gottlieb Harke(?-nach 1823), bayerischer Appellationsgerichtsrat, Verfasser eines Kommentars zum Bergrecht mit dem Titel "Commentar über das Bergrecht" (1823) und eines Lehrbuches zum Bergrecht. Sein Sohn, der spätere Hauptmann Friedrich Harke (1797-1873) heiratete 1829 die jüngste Tochter Jean Pauls, Odilie Richter. Auf den Briefen Friedrich Harkes basiert im wesentlichen das Buch von Christiane Pritzlaff "Geliebt und vergessen: Odilie Richter - Jean Pauls jüngste Tochter" (2013). - 18) Erlangen, 28.11.1780. Immanuel Gottlieb Koch (1762-1788 in türkischer Gefangenschaft), war ab 1788 dem österreichischen Infanterieregiment Nikolaus Esterhazy zugeteilt, geriet dann in türkische Gefangenschaft. (Das Regiment hatte 1788 die Festung der Osmanen in Schabatz, heute: Sabac/Serbien, gestürmt.) - 19) Erlangen, Mai 1779. Christoph Ludwig Schreiber (1758-1839), zunächst Deputierter der Stadt Heilbronn in den napoleonischen Kriegswirren, später badischer Hofrat, in der Zeit von 1817-1820 in Korrespondenz mit dem Freiherrn von Stein. Führte häufig Protokoll bei den Experimenten seines Freundes Eberhard Gmelin, v. a. bei der Behandlung der Caroline Heigelin, dem (so wird vermutet) Vorbild für das "Käthchen von Heilbronn" von Kleist, der seinerseits mit Schreibers Kommilitonen Georg Christian Wedekind nahe befreundet war.

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Rare printing from Cairo
5

[Almanach]. Annuaire de la République Française, calculé pour le... méridien du Caire, l'an IX de l'ère française. Cairo, de l'Imprimerie Nationale, an IX [1800/1801]. Cairo, de l'Imprimerie Nationale, an IX [1800/1801]. Small 4to. 68, (2), 48 pp. Title-page printed in red. Contemp. half calf with gilt spine.

EUR 15,000.00

Rare Cairo imprint. Includes navigational tables, a concordance between the Muslim and the French Republican calendar, and a comparison of French and Egyptian units of measure. Of particular importance is a table of French army in the Orient, showing the members of the administration, of finances, of the Commission of Sciences and Arts, of the Institute, etc. - Only in October 1798 had J. J. Marcel arrived in Cairo with his employees and types to organize the Imprimerie Orientale, thus introducing modern printing to the Arab world. "The expedition of Napoleon Bonaparte to Egypt from 1798 until 1801 was a prelude to modernity. It was to change permanently the traditional Arab world [...] The French brought Arabic typography to Egypt, where it was practised under the supervision [...] of Jean Joseph Marcel [...]. Only a few days after the French troops landed [...] they set up the Imprimerie Orientale et Française there. It was an extraordinarily important turning point. For, leaving aside the Hebrew printing presses in Egypt of the 16th to the 18th centuries, until this date announcements and news adressed to Arabs there, as well as in other parts of the Arab-Islamic world, had been spread only in hand-writing or orally, by criers, preachers or storytellers" (D. Glass and G. Roper, cf. below). - Careful repairs to binding. From the library of the British physician and army surgeon Sir Robert Alexander Chermside (1787-1860) with his bookplate. Rare; only 3 copies in France (Paris, Strasbourg, Lyon).
¶ Geiss 17. De Meulenaere 17. OCLC 492265052. Deschamps, L'Imprimerie hors l'Europe, p. 69 & 28. Guémard, p. 25 & 46 ("C'est lui [J. J. Marcel] qui édita […] les précieux annuaires de l'an VIII et IX"). Cf. D. Glass/G. Roper, The Printing of Arabic Books in the Arab World, in: Middle Eastern Languages and the Print Revolution (Gutenberg Museum Mainz 2002), p. 177-225, at 182.

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Should never be disclosed - from the archives of Aramco's General Counsel
6

[Arbitration between Saudi-Arabia and Aramco]. Ray, George W., jr. Arbitration between Saudi Arabia and Arabian American Oil... Company. Geneva, Albert Kundig for Aramco in New York, [1958]. Geneva, Albert Kundig for Aramco in New York, [1958]. Large 4to. 6 volumes: Part 1, Statesmanship in Arbitration; Part 2: Award; [Part 3] (4 vols.): Sessions of the Tribunal - Verbatim Transcript. Bound in full auburn morocco with gilt fillets to covers; gilt titles to spines; all edges gilt.

EUR 25,000.00

Complete transcript of the Arbitration sessions, 27 January 1955 to 6 November 1958, and an extra 10 typed pages of details and comments by the General Counsel for the Arabian American Oil Company, George W. Ray, jr., dated 24 February 1959, included in the first volume, inscribed and signed to his wife Bonnie Dowd Ray (this volume and volume 2 have "Bonnie Dowd Ray" in gilt lettering on the lower spines). This special ten-page insertion in the first volume, on Ray's headed Aramco stationery, notes that "the contents of these pages, except annexes 9, 10, and 11 [i.e., the text of the Award in Arabic, English, and French], should never be disclosed". The typed insertion is inscribed "Dearest One" in Ray's own hand, with his postscript: "And to you, Dearest One, my love and thanks. I cannot begin to tell you how great and how timely year help was. I don't need to - because you know. I love you. George". - The subsequent 4 volumes, all in full leather, have the name of "George W. Ray, jr." in gilt at the lower spine of each volume. This is an important collection that documents in full detail the efforts by the Arabian American Oil company to keep control of the distribution of Saudi Arabian oil. The Arbitration was a result of the Saudi Arabian Government's decision, in 1954, to award a right of priority for Saudi oil transportation to the shipping company of Aristoteles Onassis. Aramco argued that this decision infringed upon their own exclusive right, granted by the Saudis in 1933 for a term of 60 years, to export the oil for which they drilled: in essence, the Onassis agreement prohibited Aramco from using their own ships. The Arbitration ruled in Aramco's favour. Consequently, the Saudi Government refused to enter into any further arbitrations and would agree only to extend Aramco's privilege for another ten years. By 1980, Saudi Arabia would take full control of their oil and its distribution; since 1988, the company has been officially known as Saudi Aramco. - Elegantly bound and in excellent state of preservation throughout. This documentation of the Arbitration process was published in a very limited press-run, with all copies going to the parties involved (Aramco and the Saudi-Arabian Government) and selected libraries. While a number of copies of the Session Transcripts are listed in library catalogues (including the Award and not infrequently additional volumes labelled "Memorials"), only the Cambrige University library is listed as holding another copy of the "Statesmanship in arbitration" volume. From the personal possession of Aramco's General Counsel, George W. Ray, jr., and his wife.
¶ OCLC 56152161; 12823218; 1958718.

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Original watercolours of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
7

[Austria-Hungary]. An album of watercolours of military scenes and... soldiers in uniform. [Germany or Austria, c. 1870]. [Germany or Austria, c. 1870]. Folio. 85 large watercolours (200 to 255 mm x 280 to 360 mm). Mounted on laid paper sheets; each watercolour captioned in German and numbered (not in sequence) at foot. Early 20th century half calf over green roan, spine in compartments, gilt lettering.

EUR 35,000.00

An extraordinary collection of original watercolours, apparently unpublished, celebrating the creation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire through various military episodes, as well as the uniforms of the various nations and regiments involved. The events depicted span the 1750s to the 1850s and include scenes from the Battle of Wagram, the skirmish at the Spinnerin am Kreuz near Vienna, and the rebellion in Transylvania (Siebenbürgen). Officers in uniform from every corner of the Empire are shown: Hungarians, Austrians, Poles, Czechs, Croats, Dalmatians, and Bosnians, with a few examples of local militias and foreign army regiments such as the Prussians, French, Turkish, Russians and British ("Scottish Grenadiers at Waterloo"). While the uniforms are described in great detail, with vivid and bright colouring, the overall style is naïve, with facial expressions and poses sometimes caricaturesque and even grotesque, reminiscent of the celebrated prints by the French "Imagerie d'Épinal". The numbers at the foot of each image, which in some instances exceed 500, suggest that the present selection was assembled from a larger collection, probably prepared for a publication that was never realised. - Occasional short marginal tears, stains and other minor blemishes to watercolours, but generally in excellent condition; binding rubbed. Provenance: the Von Lindeman-Just family, Dresden (bookplate on front free endpaper and lettering on spine); gift from the Baroness Von Lindeman-Just to a relative in Italy (inscription dated 1962 on front free endpaper).

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William of Orange, Prince Eugene of Savoy, Cornelius Jansen, Tilly, and many others
8

[Autograph album]. Album with 60 mounted autographs by European rulers,... noblemen and military men. Prob. assembled in Great Yarmouth, 1820s; contents date from c. 1525-1775. Prob. assembled in Great Yarmouth, 1820s; contents date from c. 1525-1775. 12 unnumbered ff. (1 blank), 60 numbered ff., 64 blank ff. With 56 armorial drawings in watercolors (1 in India ink) and 40 decorative grisaille cartouches washed in India ink. Late 18th c. calf with gilt spine, gilt-tooled border on boards and star-shaped center panel on both boards. Leading edges gilt. Oblong 12mo.

EUR 18,000.00

Remarkable collection of autographs from the library of the English botanist and antiquary Dawson Turner (1775-1858) with his autogr. ownership entry on first leaf (dated 1825). Dawson, who had published on botany and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1802, turned his interests to antiquities in the 1820s. He and his children were taught to draw by their good friend, the renowned Norfolk artist John Sell Cotman, who resided in Yarmouth from 1812 to 1823. - The signatures, mostly clipped from letters and other documents, are from historic French, German and Dutch personages, including William, Prince of Orange (1533-84); Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736); Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, commander of the Imperial forces in the Thirty Years' War (1559-1632); Cornelius Jansen, theologian and later cardinal, founder of Jansenism (1585-1638); Philip de Montmorency, Count of Hoorn (1524-68), and Lamoral Count of Egmont (1522-68, opponents to Spanish rule in the Netherlands, executed); Johann Casimir, Duke of Saxe-Coburg (1564-1633); August the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, founder of Wolfenbüttel's Herzog August Library (1579-1666); Johann Wilhelm von der Pfalz, Elector Palatine (1658-1716); André-Hercule de Fleury, Cardinal (1653-1743); Fredrick, landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege (1617-1655); Floris van Pallant, Count of Culemborg (1537-98); Froben Ferdinand zu Fürstenberg-Mößkirch (1664-1741), and many more. Most names are accompanied by a skilled armorial illustration in full colour painted on the opposite page; forty of the signatures are bordered by decorative washed cartouches with specially designed figurated, landscape and allegorical ornaments, sometimes rather ingeniously incorporating the signature's pen flourishes and very likely prepared by members of the art-loving and gifted Turner family, possibly with help from Cotman. - Occasional slight brownstaining; book block loosened. Corners bumped; defects to upper spine end and lower third of spine. A remarkable (and remarkably presented) ensemble of autographs, forming a striking early 19th-century showpiece.

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First Arabic edition of Persian stories often added to the Arabian Nights
9

[Bakhtiyar Namah.] Knös, Gustav (ed.). [Kitab Qissat al-`asr wuzara wa-ma gara lahum ma`a... ibn al-malik Azad Baht]. Historia decem vezirorum et filii regis Azad Bacht insertis undecim aliis narrationibus. Göttingen, Heinrich Dieterich, 1807. Göttingen, Heinrich Dieterich, 1807. 8vo. (8); (1), (1 blank), 114, (2) pp. With swelled rules on the general title-page and a couple other pages. Contemporary half calf over marbled boards; gilt spine title.

EUR 3,000.00

First Arabic edition of a series of Persian tales known as "Bakhtiyar-namah", a frame story deriving partly from the ancient Sanscrit Panchatantra (known in Arabic as Bidpai) and often added as a supplement to the Arabian nights. It was published in French as Nouveaux contes Arabes, ou Supplement aux Mille et une nuits (Paris 1788), and William Owseley produced an English and Persian edition as The Bakhtiyar Nameh, or, Story of Prince Bakhtiyar and the ten viziers (London 1801). The present edition is based on an Arabic manuscript discovered in Cairo: a Latin translation with annotations followed (in dissertation form) in 1814. It is an elegant little book, well-printed on excellent laid paper with a very slight greenish cast. The Swedish scholar Gustaf Knös (1773-1828) studied in Göttingen and (under Silvestre de Sacy) in Paris. He held the Uppsala chair of oriental languages from 1814 until 1828. He is best known for his large Syriac chrestomathy and his present edition of the Bakhtiyar-namah. Later, following a spiritual crisis, Knös lost all interest in philology and produced no more publications. - The pages of the main text, in Arabic type, progress from right to left like an Arabic book, beginning with an Arabic title-page without imprint, but the 8 pages of the prelims in Latin progress from left to right like a Western book, beginning with a general title-page with imprint, so that the book can be opened from either side. - Binding insignificantly rubbed; some unobtrusive browning throughout. Pencil notes in Arabic to Arabic title. A lovely and elegant first Arabic edition of a famous set of Persian tales.
¶ Chauvin VIII, p. 13 (note). Schnurrer 419. Brill, EI1, II, 603. Kayser III, 371. NYPL Arabia coll. 193. OCLC 186765709.

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The cradle of Dadaism
10

Ball, Hugo, German artist (1886-1927). Zur Kritik der deutschen Intelligenz. Bern, Der Freie Verlag, 1919. Bern, Der Freie Verlag, 1919. 8vo. 327 pp. Publisher's original printed wrappers. Inscribed by the author.

EUR 9,500.00

First edition, inscribed to the managing director of the "Freier Verlag" (whose name has been effaced): "[Herrn Hans Huber] / In treuer Kameradschaft / Hugo Ball". Three years previously, the author had co-founded (with Hans Arp, Tristan Tzara, and Marcel Janco) the famous "Cabaret Voltaire" in Zurich, regarded as the cradle of Dadaism. In his present book he provides a historical analysis and critique of the "idea of the German state", which he held responsible for destroying "German thought". Prophetically, he writes: "It is my steadfast conviction that the destruction of the Prusso-German arbitrary power, as postulated by President Wilson in his famous address at Mount Vernon, will not be sufficient to protect the world from another German assassination [...]. It is of the utmost importance for the envisaged League of Nations to become fully aware of the historic strength of this foiled German plot, of the moral depletion of a people that has suffered for a thousand years under to most terrible theocracy [...]". The radical Ball, influenced by the great theorists of Anarchism, had spent most of the War years in exile in Switzerland, where he died in 1927, aged 41. Presentation copies of his books are rare.

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Subskriptionseinladung für die Missa Solemnis an Friedrich August von Sachsen
11

Beethoven, Ludwig van, Komponist (1770-1827). Brief (Fragment) mit eigenh. U. ("Ludwig van Beethoven"). Wien, 23. VII. 1823. Wien, 23. VII. 1823. 1 S. Qu.-schmal-8vo (80:192 mm). Unter Glas gerahmt.

EUR 85,000.00

Schlußteil eines von einem Sekretär geschriebenen Briefes an (den ungenannten) König Friedrich August I. von Sachsen mit der eigenhändigen Unterschrift Beethovens mit vollem Namen: "dürfen, so würde derselbe den günstigsten Erfolg für seinen Ruhm sowohl als auch für seinen Vortheil voraussagen können [...]". Wie aus dem Datum des Schreibens zu erschließen, handelt es sich um die Subskriptionseinladung auf die "Missa solemnis" für den König von Sachsen, die am 25. Juli 1823 an Graf Hans Heinrich von Könneritz nach Dresden gesandt wurde. - Zuletzt 1979 im Handel (Stargardt 618, 711).
¶ Ludwig van Beethoven, Briefwechsel Gesamtausgabe, Bd. 5, S. 195, Nr. 1710 ("in deutschem Privatbesitz").

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Benn schenkt sich Melancholie zu Weihnachten
12

Benn, Gottfried, Dichter (1886-1956). Eigenh. Widmung mit Namenszug in: Christian Morgenstern: Melancholie.... Neue Gedichte. Berlin, Bruno Cassirer, 1906. Berlin, Bruno Cassirer, 1906. (4), 84, (8) SS. Marmorierter Pappband mit eingebundenem OUmschlag und Rückenschildchen. 8vo.

EUR 7,000.00

Gottfried Benn / schenkt sich dies Buch Weihnachten 1906. - Innendeckel mit montiertem Exlibris des Pianisten, Komponisten und Musikpädagogen Gottfried Galston.

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Laws governing the administration of the Palestine Mandate
13

Bentwich, Norman (ed.). Legislation of Palestine 1918-1925. Including the Orders-in-Council, Ordinances,... Public Notices, Proclamations, Regulations, etc. Alexandria, Whitehead Morris Ltd., 1926. Alexandria, Whitehead Morris Ltd., 1926. Large 4to (194 x 257 mm). 2 vols. XXII, 668, XXIII-XXXII pp. (2), VIII, 536, IX-XIV pp. Contemp. half calf with cloth covers.

EUR 5,000.00

Collection of all legislation issued in British Palestine since December 1917 which was still valid and in force in 1926. "The collection does not represent the whole of the Palestine Law, because the Ottoman Law which was in force at the outbreak of the War remains the basis of the legal system of the country" (vol. I, p. iv). The laws governing the administration of the Palestine Mandate which followed the Balfour Declaration constitute crucial documents for understanding the transfer of power and the gradual replacement of Ottoman, Islamic, customary law by British and eventually Israeli law. Bentwich (1883-1971), the British-appointed attorney-general of Mandatory Palestine, was a prominent Zionist and wrote widely on the establishment of a Jewish Homeland. - Slight foxing to endpapers; ownership stamp "M. Fitzgerald". A scarce work in a good set.
¶ OCLC 22644076.

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Editio princeps of the Gospels in Arabic (Darlow/M.)
14

[Biblia arabica - NT]. Evangelium Sanctum Domini nostri Iesu Christi conscriptum a... quatuor Evangelistis sanctis, id est Matthaeo, Marco, Luca et Iohanne. Rome, typographia Medicea, 1590(-1591). Rome, typographia Medicea, 1590(-1591). Folio. 368 pp. With 149 large woodcuts. Early 19th century auburn morocco with gilt spine, ornamental gilt borders and blindstamped cover ornaments. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 28,000.00

Rare first edition of the Gospels in Arabic; the first work to be issued from the Medicean Press, directed by G. B. Raimondi. Printed in Granjon's famous large fount, generally considered the first satisfactory Arabic printing type and appears here for the first time. Apart from the Latin title and colophon, the book is in Arabic throughout. Also in 1591 an Arabic-Latin edition was issued, more common than the present one and reprinted in 1619 and 1774. Illustrated with 149 large woodcuts from 67 blocks by Leonardo Parasole after Antonio Tempesta. - Some various browning throughout as common; slight waterstaining near end. Old ownership stamps of the "Collegium Missionum Nigritiae" on title page; includes photocopy of ownership transferral by the Biblioteca Seminario Vescovile of Verona. An uncommonly appealingly bound example. The Hauck copy fetched $75,000 at Sotheby's in 2006.
¶ Adams B 1822. Mortimer 64. Darlow/Moule 1636. Fück 54. Schnurrer 318. Smitskamp 374.

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Gründungsdokument der Anthropologie
15

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich. De generis humani varietate nativa liber. Editio altera. Göttingen, Abr. Vandenhoeks Wwe., 1781. Göttingen, Abr. Vandenhoeks Wwe., 1781. (6), 128 SS. Mit 2 gest. Tafeln. Halblederband der Zeit mit goldgepr. Rückenschildchen. Buntpapiervorsätze. 8vo.

EUR 1,500.00

Zweite Ausgabe des Gründungsdokuments der Anthropologie. J. F. Blumenbach (1752-1840) "is [today] chiefly remembered for his work 'On the Native Varieties of the Human Race', now considered as the foundation of the science of physical anthropology - the study of the origin and evolution of the races of men [...]. Blumenbach was able to develop the thesis that all living races are varieties of a single species, homo sapiens, and that their differences were small compared with those between man and the nearest animal; 'innumerable varieties of mankind run into each other by insensible degrees'. It is not surprising therefore that Blumenbach was opposed to the practice of slavery and the then current belief in the inherent savagery of the coloured races" (PMM). "Blumenbach was the founder of anthropology. In this, his dissertation, he classified mankind into four races, based on selected combinations of head shape, skin colour and hair form. In the second edition (1781) he found it necessary to expand this division into five races, but his famous terms 'Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, American, and Malayan' were not used until the third edition of 1795" (Garrison/M.). - Einband berieben; Ecken bestoßen; Rücken mit Fehlstellen. Innen gebräunt; alte gestempelte und hs. ungarische Bibliothekssignaturen.
¶ Blake 51. Garrison/Morton 156 (Anm.). Vgl. PMM 219. Waller 1153 (EA). Wellcome II, 183 (3. Ausg. 1795).

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Two rare Heidelberg-printed works on the Middle East
16

Brisson, Barnabé. De regio Persarum principatu libri tres. Editio altera... [ed. Sylburg]. [Heidelberg], Hieronymus Commelinus, 1595. [Heidelberg], Hieronymus Commelinus, 1595. 8vo. (12), 378 pp., final blank f. (Bound with): Sylburg, Friedrich. Saracenica, sive Moamethica. Ibid., 1595. (8), 152 pp. Both works have printer's woodcut device to title page. Contemp. blindstamped vellum.

EUR 4,500.00

I: An uncommon edition. The book was first published by Prevosteau in Paris in 1590 from the author's notes ("ex adversariis"). Essentially the sources drawn on are purely those of ancient writers, both Greek and Latin, from whom there is extensive quotation. Book I is concerned with the Persian rulers and their history, book II with religious and social life, and book III with military organisation and prowess, both ancient and modern. Brisson (1531-91) was a distinguished jurist and author of important works, notably the legal code of Henri III, but no traveller. He was hanged by the "Ligueurs" on 15 Nov. 1591. The "Typographus lectori" makes it very clear how difficult were the circumstances in which Brisson found himself, the very walls of the city being shaken by bombardment, and the shadow of death being seen everywhere, and the very opening paragraph of the text, in which Brisson speaks of "Regii nominis decus, imperii maiestatem, totumque regni statum", has contemporary resonance. Friedrich Sylburg, who acted as editor and proof-reader for the Commelin atelier, has added just a few notes at the end, the preface to these claiming that the original Paris edition of 1590 had been full of errors of transcription and editing. - II: Bound with this is the first edition of Sylburg's "Saracenica", a "theological compilation with many magical deliberations" (cf. Göllner 1878) providing a German Protestant apology against Islam based on works of the Oriental church. Contains extracts from the Panoplia of Zigabenus, a treatise against the "false prophet" Muhammad, the catechism for Saracene converts to Christianity, as well as extracts from Eutychius, Theophanes and Anastasius, printed in Greek and Latin parallel text. The "1591" edition cited by Göllner 1878 (a single supposed copy in Braunschweig) is a ghost, based on a misreading of the indistinct final digit of the imprint. - Binding stained; interior somewhat browned as common due to paper. Provenance: 1) Collection of the German historian Franz Dominikus Häberlin (1720-87) with his engr. bookplate on pastedown and monogrammed stamp on t. p. 2) Wilhelm Gesenius (1786-1842), German orientalist (his lithogr. bookplate on pastedown, with his acquisition note: "bought from D. Katsch [?] for 7 Silbergroschen"). 3) Franz Karl Movers (1806-56), German orientalist (his stamp on t. p.). 4) Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums, Berlin (stamp on reverse of t. p.; dispersed in 1942). 5) Swedish trade. Two additional 18th and 19th century ownerships ("C.S." and "Dr. Levin").
¶ I: VD 16, B 8335. Adams B 2851. BM-STC German 154. OCLC 23620760. - II: VD 16, S 10353. Adams S 2137. BM-STC German 846. Göllner 2068 & cf. 1878. Smitskamp, PO 48. OCLC 17199693.

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The turning point in the political history of the Arabian Gulf region
17

Castanheda, Fernão Lopez de. Historia do descobrimento e conquista da India pelos... Portugueses. Nova edição. Lisbon, typographia Rollandiana, 1833. Lisbon, typographia Rollandiana, 1833. Small 4to. 8 vols. bound in 7. Original cloth with giltstamped title to appealingly gilt spine. Marbled endpapers. All edges red.

EUR 9,500.00

An early history of the Portuguese discovery and conquest of India. Large portions are concerned with the exploits of Afonso de Albuquerque and Vasco da Gama, whose journey via Ormuz, Mucat (Mazcate), Qatif (Catifa), Bahrain (Baharê), Khor Fakkan (Orfacão), etc. is comparable in importance only to Columbus’s in the west, as it “opened the way for the maritime invasion of the East by Europe” (PMM 42). Da Gama’s pioneering sea voyage ranks amongst the greatest historic events of the second millennium and as “one of the defining moments in the history of exploration” (BBC History, online). It is also considered the turning point in the political history of the Arabian Gulf region, followed as it was by a prolonged period of east-west commerce, conquest and conflict. - The Portuguese historian and traveller Fernão Lopez de Castanheda (1500-59) accompanied his father, a royal officer, to Portuguese India and to the Moluccas. He spent the next ten years travelling through Asia. During this period he collected materials for his "Historia", both from personal observation and from the documents and reports of others. The work was first published in 1552-61. - Some occasional browning. Binding somewhat rubbed and bumped at extremeties, with minor worming. Provenance: From the library of Paulo Arantes with his bookplate and ownership (dated 1925) on title page.
¶ Howgego I, C67. OCLC 313028250.

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Trade treaties between the Habsburgs and the Porte
18

[Collection of treaty articles relating to commercial transactions of subjects of the Austrian state in the Ottoman Empire]. Avusturya devleti tebaasinin Memalik-i Osmaniyede ticaretlerine ait mevadd-i... ahdiyye mecmuasidir. Vienna, Dar tiba' al-imberaturiyy (k. k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei), 1846. Vienna, Dar tiba' al-imberaturiyy (k. k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei), 1846. Large 8vo. 88 pp. Printed in black with red headings, within printed gilt rules. Illuminated head-piece and 'unwan printed in three colours and gilt, in imitation of manuscript illumination. Gilt tail-piece. Contemporary green morocco binding with fore-edge flap, covers giltstamped with an oriental design. All edges gilt.

EUR 3,500.00

The full text of 19 trade treaties, in Ottoman Turkish throughout, closed between the Roman/Austrian and the Ottoman Empire between 1110/1699 (Peace of Karlovac) and 1259/1844. An Italian-language edition had appeared in 1844 ("Raccolta dei Trattati e delle principali convenzioni concernanti il commercio e la navigazione dei sudditi Austriaci negli Stati della Porta Ottomana"). - Occasional insignificant foxing; altogether very well preserved. A splendidly bound copy.
¶ Zenker, BO II, 805.

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Naval campaigns in the Ottoman Mediterranean
19

Corbett, Sir John, Royal Navy admiral (1822-1893). Middle East Campaigns. Watercolours and sketches from the... Bosporus, Syria, and Egypt, signed "J. C." Various places, c. 1837-1845. Various places, c. 1837-1845. Folio (290 x 441 mm). 23 watercolours, 11 pencil drawings, mounted. Brown quarter calf with contemporary marbled boards.

EUR 20,000.00

Stunning collection of paintings and drawings by Sir John Corbett, realized during his naval campaigns in the Ottoman Mediterranean. Corbett joined the Navy in 1835 and was promoted to the rank of Commander in 1852, then to Captain in 1857. He served in the 1856-60 Second Opium War, fought by Britain and France against the Qing dynasty of China, and was made Commander in Chief, East Indies, in 1877. An amateur painter, he regularly brought home drawings and watercolours from his travels. The present collection comprises his earliest such works, prepared between the ages of 15 and 22 during service in the Mediterranean - at the beginning of his career both as a sailor and as a painter. While the first series of the album, the work of a talented boy still honing his skills, is dedicated to Turkey and the Bosporus (1837-38), the second, showing the coasts of Syria, Mount Lebanon and Egypt (1840-1841), reveals a more fully developed draughtsman and colourist. The collection also includes sketches of Malta (1843), Tangiers (1845), Liverpool, and Lisbon. The sun-drenched coastal views of Middle East, the scenes of attack on Tortosa in Syria and of the English armada at Beirut to which he was a witness are mostly signed and captioned, sometimes on the reverse, sometimes with an additional label added later by the artist. A beautiful set.

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First comprehensive description of ancient and modern Egypt
20

[Description de l'Égypte]. Description de l'Egypte, ou recueil des observations et... des recherches, qui ont été faites en égypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée Française. Paris, C. L. F. Panckoucke, 1820-1829. Paris, C. L. F. Panckoucke, 1820-1829. A total of 36 vols.: 26 text vols. (4to) and 10 atlas vols. (elephant folio). With coloured frontispiece and 899 engraved plates and maps, many double-page-sized and folded. Slightly later English half calf, professionally repaired in places.

EUR 185,000.00

Second edition of this monumental work (the first was published from 1809 onwards), the first comprehensive description of ancient and modern Egypt. Commissioned by Napoleon during his Egyptian campaign between 1798 and 1801, this encompassing historical, archaeological, art-historical, and natural-historical account of the country was realised through the efforts of the Institut d'Egypte in Cairo. Its influence was enormous, establishing Egyptology as an intellectual discipline and nurturing a passion for Egyptian art throughout the Western World. Edited by some of the leading intellectual figures in France, the Description also includes contributions from celebrated artists such as Jacques Barraband, Pierre-Joseph Redouté, Geoffrey Saint-Hilaire, Jules-César Savigny and others. More than 150 scholars and scientists and some 2000 artists, designers and engravers were involved in its preparation. The success of the publication was such that work on the second edition (known as the "Pancoucke edition") began before the first was completed. The text was expanded into a greater number of volumes, now printed in a smaller format; new pulls were taken from the plates, and these were bound with many of the large-format plates folded into the new, reduced dimensions. - A splendid, clean copy, complete with all the plates. An incomplete copy of the second edition of the Description de l'Egypte sold at Sotheby's for £68,750 in 2016.
¶ Blackmer 526. Gay 1999. Brunet II, 617. Graesse II, 366. Cf. Monglond VIII, 268-343 (for the first edition). Nissen, BBI 2234. Nissen, ZBI 4608. Heritage Library, Islamic Treasures, s. v. "Art" (illustration).

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About establishing an Institute of International Studies in Rome
21

Einstein, Albert, German-born physicist and Nobel laureate (1879-1955). 2 typed letters signed ("A. Einstein"). Princeton, NJ, 28 July & 16 August 1951. Princeton, NJ, 28 July & 16 August 1951. 4to. 2 ff.

EUR 15,000.00

To Dr. Alessandro Cortese. The first letter (July 28) concerns Cortese's visit ("If convenient I suggest Wednesday afternoon"), the second (August 16) was written afterwards: "I am grateful for the informations [!] you gave me on your visit last week. The realization of your plan to establish a[n] Institute of International Studies in Rome seems to me desirable; because such an Institute could vitalize that supra-national point of view which is so important for the solution of the international problems and could reach those persons who are most influential in this respect [...]". An unsigned carbon copy is recorded at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Archival Call Number: 59-452).

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An 18th century transgender in the service of king Louis XV
22

Éon de Beaumont, Charles, French diplomat, spy, soldier and Freemason (1728-1810). An archive of 14 receipts or ledger pages... for household expenses, mostly unsigned. Tonnere, 1779-1785. Tonnere, 1779-1785. Various formats. Altogether 16 ff.

EUR 12,500.00

Including 7 autograph documents on large Folio sheets signed, partly with initials, and partly in the third person within the text, varying between "Mlle la ch're D'Eon," "La ch're D'Eon," and "D.". Ledger pages or receipts, listing prices paid or owed for firewood, lumber, food, clothing and other items, documenting the daily life of an 18th century crossdresser. - Éon de Beaumont was a French transsexual political adventurer, secret agent of Louis XV in Russia (1755), then minister to England. The term "eonism" denoting the tendency to adopt the costume and manners of the opposite sex, is derived from his name. Despite d'Éon's wearing a dragoon's uniform all the time, there were rumors that he was actually a woman, and a betting pool was started on the London Stock Exchange about his true sex. D'Éon finally claimed to be physically not a man, but a woman, and demanded recognition by the government as such. King Louis XVI and his court complied, but demanded that d'Éon dress appropriately and wear women's clothing. D'Éon agreed, especially when the king granted him funds for a new wardrobe. Overall, Charles d’Éon spent his first 49 years as a man, and his last 33 years as a woman. Upon death, a council of physicians discovered that d'Éon's body was anatomically male.

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Die Geburtswehen des habsburgischen Anspruchs auf die Szent Korona
23

Ferdinand I., röm.-dt. Kaiser (1503-1564), hier noch als Erzherzog. Gewaltbrief mit eigenh. U. Wien, 4. XI. 1526. Wien, 4. XI. 1526. 1 S. Qu.-Folio.

EUR 6,500.00

Umfassender Gewaltbrief für Christophorus Rauber (1466-1536), Bischof von Laibach (und 1529-30 Landeshauptmann von Krain), und den kaiserlichen Rat Siegmund von Dietrichstein-Hollenbach (1484-1533) hinsichtlich Verhandlungen mit Krsto Frankopan, Ban von Kroatien (gest. 1527), um die Krone von Ungarn, auf die Ferdinand aufgrund des Todes seines Schwagers Ludwig II. von Böhmen und Ungarn nach der Schlacht bei Mohacs (29. 8. 1526) Erbansprüche stellen konnte: "Wir Ferdinand von gotes gnaden e. kunig zu Beheim prinz unnd infant in Hispanien erzherzog zu Österreich herzog zu Burgund etc. bekennen als wir yezo dem erwirdigen fursten andechtigen unnd edlen unnsern lieben getreuen Cristoffen bischoven zu Laybach unnd administrator des stiffts Seggkau unnd Sigmunden von Dietrichstain freyherrn zu Hollenburg [...] bevelch unnd gewalt gegeben mit dem edlen unnserm lieben getrauen Cristoffen graven zu Frangenpan [...] auf etlich weg zu hanndeln betreffendt die cron Hungern, daß wir darauf demselben bischof von Laybach unnd Sigmunden von Dietrichstain zuegesagt unnd versprochen haben, unnd solches wissentlich in crafft dieß briefes, also, daß wir alles daß so sy von unnsern wegen angezaigter sachen halben mit bemeltem graf Cristoffen hanndlen practiern zuesagen versprechen und bewilligen, gnedigelichen halten volziehen, unnd sy auch des on schaden halten sollen unnd wellen, unnd ob sy merers gwalts dann hier innen begriffen ist, notdurfftig weren, so wollen wir inen denselben hirmit in grosser form auch gegeben haben [...]." Gegengezeichnet von Ferdinands Kanzler Leonhard Harrach und seinem Sekretär Johann Ferenberger. - Wie auch die Intitulatio zeigt, gelang es dem Haus Habsburg unproblematisch, seinen Anspruch auf den böhmischen Thron durchzusetzen: Nur Monate nach dem Tod Ludwigs, noch deutlich vor der erst am 16. 12. auf der Preßburger Ständeversammlung erfolgten Bestätigung seines Thronanspruchs (welcher am 24. 2. 1527 die Krönung folgen sollte), führt Ferdinand hier den Titel "erwählter böhmischer König", wohl eines der frühesten Dokumente für diese Selbstbezeichnung durch Ferdinand. In Ungarn dagegen begegnete er heftigem Widerstand: Am 16. 10. war der Fürst von Siebenbürgen, Johann Zápolya, zum Gegenkönig gewählt worden; am 12. 11. folgte die Krönung. Ferdinand ließ sich seinerseits am 16. 12. in Preßburg von einer Ständeversammlung zum König von Ungarn wählen. 1527 begannen die Kämpfe der beiden Könige, in denen schließlich Ferdinand obsiegte, doch erst 1699 sollte das Haus Habsburg mit der Niederlage der Türken und dem Frieden von Karlowitz seine Herrschaft in Ungarn eigentlich antreten können. - Von tadelloser Erhaltung.

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Und es klagen ihre Tränen
24

Fontane, Theodor, Schriftsteller (1819-1898). Das Fischermädchen, "Der erste Schnee" und "Guter Rat".... 3 eigenh. Gedichte. O. O. u. D. 12+12+16 Zeilen auf 1¾ SS. 8vo.

EUR 12,500.00

Und es klagen ihre Tränen: / Weit der Himmel, tief die See, / Doch noch weiter geht mein Sehnen, / Und noch tiefer ist mein Weh […] (aus "Das Fischermädchen"). - Aus dem Besitz von Fontanes Sohn Friedrich, der das Blatt in einem von ihm beschriebenen Kuvert (beiliegend) einem Herrn Cohn zu Weihnachten 1904 zukommen ließ. - Obgleich undatiert, entstanden die drei Gedichte in den 1840er Jahren ("Guter Rat", 1849; "Das Fischermädchen", 1844; "Der erste Schnee", 1841) und wurden 1851 gedruckt; "Das Fischermädchen" und "Der erste Schnee" weichen in der Druckfassung etwas von dem hier geschriebenen Text ab (vgl. Theodor Fontane: Sämtliche Werke XX, SS. 7, 15-16). - Mit kleinen Randläsuren.

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About the well-being of his favourite sister, Princess Anna Amalia
25

Frederick II, the Great, King of Prussia (1712-1786). 19 autograph letters signed and 1 letter signed ("Federic"). Potsdam and Charlottenburg, 1777-1785. Potsdam and Charlottenburg, 1777-1785. Mostly 4to. 23 ff. 4 letters on halved sheets; mostly folded. Addendum.

EUR 98,000.00

Highly interesting collection of personal letters from the last years of the King's life. In French, to Eléonore de Maupertuis, lady-in-waiting to Princess Anna Amalia of Prussia, Frederick's youngest sister. Eléonore was the daughter of the well-esteemed Prussian diplomat, scholar, and translator Kaspar Wilhelm von Borck(e). In 1744 she had married the French mathematician and astronomer Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, also a close confidant of Frederick's and head of the Prussian Academy of Science. After her husband's death in 1759 she concentrated on her office in the household of the Princess. - Since 1756 Anna Amalia of Prussia was Abbess of the Quedlinburg Convent but spent most of her time in Berlin. She is mainly remembered for her alleged affair with the Prussian officer and adventurer Friedrich von der Trenck. While the historicity of this anecdote is questionable, she was undoubtedly - and more importantly - one of the 18th century's few female composers of note. Her music collection ("Amalienbibliothek") contains many important prints and manuscripts, including the autograph of Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concerts. She spent her last years in seclusion at Berlin, always remaining in close contact with her brother, who visited her regularly. She survived Frederick's death on 17 August 1786 by just a few months, passing away on 30 March 1787 (cf. MGG I, 486f. and T. Debuch, Anna Amalia von Preußen, Berlin 2001). - There are but few sources for the life of Anna Amalia, many of which are dubious (such as Trenck's autobiography) or focus on Frederick the Great (such as the diaries of Count Lehndorff). Thus, the King's present letters to Eléonore de Maupertuis constitute a unique source for the last years of the Princess. They reflect Frederick's concern for Amalia's health after she suffered a stroke in 1773 and underscore the close relationship between the siblings: "Ma cher Madame, J'ai non recours a Vous pour ne point fatiguér ma bonne Soeur, Com(m)e je suis obligé de ma rendre demain au Parc pour des affaires je me propose des profités en ces Voisinages pour rendre visite a ma bonne Soeur [...]" (Charlottenburg, 2 May 1783). - "Je Vous prie Ma chere Madame, de Conjurer ma Soeur en mon nom de Voulloir prendre quelque Medecine, pour Luy facillitér L'expectoration [...]" (n. d.). - "Voici ma bonne Madame deux Sortes de Tabac pour ma bonne Soeur [...]" (n. d.). - "Je vous prie Ma chere Madame, de m'envoyer Le Nom de Soupes que Ma Soeur mange avant dinér, et une Liste des plats qu'elle aime et qui convienent le mieux en Sa Santé [...]" (n. d.). - "Je vous suis bien obligé, des bonnes nouvelles que vous me donnez de la Santé de la Principe ma Soeur, par votre lettre endate d'hier [...]" (6 March 1785). - Almost all letters close with the words "Votre (tres humble) Serviteur Federic". Most of the present letters are a quarter or half page in length and undated; a few are dated only by day but not year ("ce 6 May", "ce 22", "ce 25 Juin", etc.). One bears a note by another hand on the reverse ("[...] Potzdam, 1777, Von I. M. d. König"). Only two are dated in full: "Charlottenburg ce 2 May 1783" and "a Potsdam le 16 de Mars 1785". This last letter is written by a scribe's hand, bearing only an autograph postscript and signature by the King. This is also the only letter formally addressed "à la Gouvernante de Maupertuis, neé de Borck, à Berlin". Content and form, however, prove that all letters are from the same time and to the same recipient. - All letters written in brown ink on fine, clean laid paper, most with posthorn watermark. Includes a browned folio sheet (watermark St. Wolfgang, pointing to Georg Friedrich Meyer's Röthenbach paper mill) with late 18th-c. caption: "Collection de Lettres de Fredéric le Grand Roi de Prusse, de Sa main propre; à feüe Madame de Maupartuis Gouvernante de feüe la Princesse Amélie Soeur de ce Roi". - Exceptionally well-preserved collection.

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Eines der frühesten Werke über die Semiologie des Auges
26

Fuchs, Samuel. Metoposcopia & ophthalmoscopia. Straßburg, Theodosius Glaser für Paul Ledertz, 1615. Straßburg, Theodosius Glaser für Paul Ledertz, 1615. (16), 140 SS. Mit 24 Kupfer- und 2 Holzschnitt-Porträts. Halbpergamentband der Zeit. Dreiseitiger Rotschnitt. 8vo.

EUR 1,800.00

Seltene einzige Ausgabe eines der frühesten Werke über die Semiologie des Auges. "Samuel Fuchs, a native of Koslin in Pomerania, was professor of rhetoric at Königsberg. In this curious and little known work the author suggests a system for the estimation of character based on the shape of the head and eyes [...] Among the finely executed engravings and woodcuts are portraits of Cosimo Medici, Andrea Doria, Christopher Columbus, and Philip II, Duke of Pomerania" (Becker). - Papierbedingt wie stets etwas gebräunt bzw. braunfleckig; einige Blätter der Vorstücke angerändert. Zeitgenöss. Besitzvermerk (mit Verzeichnung des Kaufpreises und der Bindekosten) am vorderen Innendeckel.
¶ BM-STC F 1306. Krivatsy 4457. Waller 3303. Wellcome I, 2468. Becker Coll. 95. Hirschberg 483 (III, S. 20, 1). Sabin 26106. Caillet 4248. Graesse, Bibl. mag.-pneum. 104. Rosenthal 953 ("Piece fort rare").

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to establish a general theory of the geomagnetic field deserving of the name
27

Gauß, Carl Friedrich, German mathematician (1777-1855). 4 autograph letters signed. Göttingen, 1836 to 1849. Göttingen, 1836 to 1849. 25 Jan. 1836. 2 pp. Large 4to. - 27 Feb. 1839. 2 pp. Large 4to. - 28 Dec. 1841. 3½ pp. 8vo. - 6 Jan. 1849. 3 pp. Large 4to (altogether 10½ pp.). All written on bifolia; the first two letters bear seals with the autograph address on the reverse of the counter-leaf.

EUR 85,000.00

Collection of four long, unpublished letters spanning more than a decade, all to the Berlin physicist and geologist Georg Adolf Erman (1806-77), who had just returned from a long voyage around the world and was in the process of publishing his findings ("Reise um die Welt durch Nordasien und die beiden Oceane", 5 vols. of history [1833-42] and 2 vols. of physics [1835-41, with atlas]). Gauss was able to draw on Erman's empirical observations about earth's magnetic field. All four letters begin with thanks for gifts sent by Erman, then develop into extensive scientific discussions which even touch upon Gauss's thermogalvanic experiments. Also, Gauss mentions his attempts to obtain books of Russian fiction. - In 1836 Gauss thanks Erman for presenting him with the 2nd part of his "Reise um die Erde" ("Ortsbestimmungen und Declinationsbeobachtungen auf dem festen Lande"): "This work contains a great wealth of facts. I am particularly interested in your magnetic observations and therefore am glad that you decided to include in this early volume your compass declinations with their results. These, in connection with other observations, will serve to supply the gap left by Barlow's map of declinations [...] But now I dearly look forward to the publication of the second part which is to contain the intensities and inclination readings. Hopefully we will then soon possess a general map for the horizontal intensity, which is devoutly to be wished. Indeed, as things stand now, the entire intensity in most cases is to be conceived merely as a unit of calculation at which one cannot directly arrive with any degree of precision, but which is a mere function of immediately observable elements, such as one rarely will find together in a single place, and even more rarely with the same degree of reliability; and, even more importantly, there are precious few occasions on which the entire intensity will be of any use at all; what is really needed are those very separate elements themselves. To arrange the three coordinates in such a fashion that one of them represents the whole intensity would seem to me, considering the present state of affairs, like wanting to draw up a star index in longitude and latitude only, omitting right ascension and declination. Indeed, at close examination even this comparison proves misleading, as an astronomer ultimately needs latitudes and longitudes for planets and comets so as to establish a general theory, whereas to establish a general theory of the geomagnetic field deserving of the name it is indispensable to disassemble the whole intensity back into its components. To be sure, this statement, which you must not take as an off-handed remark but rather as the result of long and thorough deliberation, cannot possibly be explained in a letter, but this much I can add: that I am fully satisfied as to the method by which the establishment of an exhausting General Theory is to be attacked [...] You may be interested to learn that our recent thermogalvanic experiments have already succeeded in so amplifying an electric current that it is capable of setting even the 25 pound rods in violent motion after passing through a wire of a mile's length [...]". - In 1839 Gauss thanks for a "postcard from Kamchatka" and for the "full communication of Erman's declination readings": "I will be most happy soon to receive also the corrected data of your intensities, although there is no hurry about that. I am merely making mention of a few of your observations in an article intended for the 3rd part of the Findings of the Magnetic Society, the first sheet of which is now in the press. Should your corrected calculations for these 16 locations [followed by a table of 16 cities, including St Petersburg, Kazan, Moscow, San Francisco, and Rio de Janeiro] have yielded intensity readings departing from those published by Major Sabine, I would be able to include these changes in the proofs of the said article [...] According to the most recent news I received from England, our hopes that the government there might do something splendid for the study of the geomagnetic field have suffered a severe blow; but this is not for want of the scholars' diligence, and no blame can be attached to them if the government fails to act [...]". - In late 1841 Gauss thanks for the gift of the 2nd volume of "Reise um die Erde" ("Inclinationen und Intensitäten, Declinationsbeobachtungen auf der See. Periodische Declinationsveränderungen"): "Regarding your observations I can only agree with Sabine's judgment that they contain the most substantial and valuable contribution to the knowledge of magnetism ever made by anybody. It gives me pleasure to see that the new reduction of intensity readings for Tahiti differs considerably from the earlier one, approaching that of Fitz Roy, and nearly duplicating that of Belcher. The large difference, according to Sabine, is mainly due to local interferences [...] I am much pleased with your plans for a journal aiming at acquainting us with Russia's literary productions, the more so because I myself during the past year or two have begun to study the Russian language and find this occupation most agreeable entertainment. The only thing that rather spoils this hobby for me is the difficulty in obtaining Russian books [...] However, l'Appetit vient en mangeant, and in particular I should like to have more in the way of belles lettres. My fiction department so far is limited to Krylov's Fables, a few volumes of Pushkin, and the complete collection of the writings of your Yakutian friend Bestuyev-Martinsky. All my endeavors to obtain something through the German booksellers have been in vain; a single shop did not refuse me outright, but demanded, apart from other onerous conditions (such as that one must accept the shipment regardless of when it arrives, and whatever the charge), the absolutely precise titles of the books ordered [...]". - In 1849 Gauss thanks Erman for sending him various works, including the "3rd volume of the historical section of your travel account", and criticises an article that appeared in the "Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science": "Observations all made from points upon or near a single line encircling the earth are quite as hopeless for such a purpose as would be the attempt to determine all the lunar elements and equations from the observations of a single week, even if they were made continuously from a hundred observatories. One might go even further and say that, to a degree, the observation data must not only encompass most of the earth's surface, but must also be more or less evenly distributed across the same [...] Altogether, the correction of my constants will certainly prove a tough nut to crack (for posterity), one that will turn out to be harder than the teeth of many a coming scientist [...]". - Clean and well-preserved throughout. Three letters are written in neat Latin handwriting, while that of 1841 is in German script, written somewhat overly carefully at first, then becoming more and more fluent and finally descending into a rather loose style.

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One of the most beautiful and most splendidly outfitted legal treatises of the 16th century
28

Göbler, Justinus. Der Rechten Spiegel, auß natürlichem, den bschribnen, gaistlichen,... weltlichen, und andern gebreuchlichen Rechten [...] zugericht. Frankfurt, Christian Egenolff, (1552). Frankfurt, Christian Egenolff, (1552). Folio (195 x 288 mm). (4), CCLXXV [= 275] ff. (lacking final blank). With large armorial woodcut on title page, two different full-page portraits of the author, full-page illillustration of an arbor consanguinitatis, and 36 woodcuts in the text by Hans Weiditz and Hans Schäufelein. Early 20th century vellum, bound to style using contemporary material, with handwritten spine title. 4 ties.

EUR 6,500.00

Second edition of this encompassing and abundantly illustrated manual of law in the Holy Roman Empire. Göbler's "Mirror of Laws" superseded the earlier collections compiled by Tengler, Perneder and others, incorporating new legal texts and often adding helpful commentaries. The work gained particular importance through the numerous fine illustrations which most reimpressions chose to omit but which make the present edition one of the most beautiful and most splendidly outfitted legal treatises of the 16th century, as well as one of the finest woodcut books of its age. The Strasbourg artist Hans Weiditz (1500-36) and his Nuremberg colleague Hans Schäufelein (1480-1540), two of the outstanding woodcutters of their day, had previously collaborated on the "Theuerdank" and "Weißkunig" books commissioned by Emperor Maximilian I. - Binding insignificantly stained. A few remargined edge defects to title page, some browning and very slight waterstaining throughout, otherwise very few noticeable paper flaws. Somewhat closely trimmed, occasionally touching woodcut borders and printed marginal glosses with minimal loss, but altogether a very fine copy from the library of the Frankfurt Banker Heinrich Stiebel (1851-1928), dispersed by auction in 1929 by Joseph Baer (this copy: vol. 2, no. 179), with his etched bookplate (showing a view of Frankfurt) and shelfmark "4466" on the pastedown.
¶ VD 16, G 2314. Stintzing/Landsberg I, 584. Benzing, Egenolff, 313.

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Goethe as Theatre Director
29

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, German poet (1749-1832). Manuscript memoranda relating to the accounts of the... Weimar Court Theatre (7 October 1794 to 28 March 1795), signed ("JWGoethe"). Weimar, 9. VII. 1803. Weimar, 9. VII. 1803. Folio (c. 42 x 35 cm). 4 ff.

EUR 18,000.00

Between 1791 and 1817 Goethe was Director of the Weimar Court Theatre, transforming it during this time from relative insignificance to a position of national importance. Set out on three openings (fols. 1v-2r; 2v-3r; 3v-4r), with title-page on fol. 1r ("Erinnerungen über die Theater Casse Rechnung vom 7 Octob: 1794 bis 28 März 1795"), comprising three columns, the first ("Erinnerungen"), in an apparently scribal hand, enumerating twelve points, the other two ("Beantwortungen" and "Resolutiones") responding to those points and annotated by at least three other hands, including those of Johann Seyfarth and Johann Lindenzweig, signed at the end by Goethe and Franz Kirms in the name of the "F. S. Hoftheater Commission" ...9. Laut der Autorisation vom 18 Junii 1794 sind für den Sänger Hn. Müller und dessen Sohn 11 rthl. wöchentlich auszuzahlen, seit dem 5ten October aber für den Vater allein wöchentlich 11 rthl. ausgezahlet worden..." - Some spotting and browning, central horizontal fold.

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Schreibmaterial für "Wahlverwandtschaften" und "Farbenlehre"
30

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Dichter (1749-1832). Eigenh. Schreiben mit U. ("Goethe"). Weimar, 14. IV. 1809. Weimar, 14. IV. 1809. ½ S. 4to. Auf blauem Papier (Wasserzeichen: gekröntes sächsisches Wappen im Kranz mit doppelstrichigen Antiquaversalien "JGH").

EUR 12,000.00

Übernahmebestätigung für Schreibmaterial: "Von herzoglicher geheimer Canzlei einige Schreibmaterialien erhalten zu haben bescheinige [...]". Während der Arbeit an seinem letzten Roman, "Die Wahlverwandtschaften", der noch im selben Jahr erscheinen sollte, sowie an seinem umfangreichsten Werk, der im Folgejahr erscheinenden "Farbenlehre". - Faltspuren. Wohlerhalten.

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