the hero or villain of legendary tales in the handbooks on witchcraft
1

Agrippa, Henricus Cornelius. De occulta philosophia libri tres. Lyon, Godefroid & Marcellin Beringen, 1550. Lyon, Godefroid & Marcellin Beringen, 1550. 8vo. (20), 586 pp., 1 bl. f., (4) pp. With several woodcuts in the text and 7 tables on 4 folding plates. Fine contemp. blindstamped pigskin with ms. spine label.

EUR 2,000.00

Early edition of this principal work by the Cologne occultist Agrippa (1486-1535), first published thus in 1533 (the first part had already appeared in 1531, the publication of the remaining two parts was delayed by the Inquisition until July 1533). "Whatever its defects, Agrippa's 'De occulta philosophia' gave a more general presentation of the subject than could be found elsewhere, at least in print. Partly on this account, partly because of its daring enunciation of certain suspect doctrines such as that of a world soul, partly because of advertising which it received by being placed on various lists of prohibited books and Indexes, it found a number of editions and readers during the next two centuries [...] Agrippa became the hero or villain of legendary tales in the handbooks on witchcraft" (Thorndike V, 136).
¶ Adams A 387. Baudrier III, 49. Coumont A15.6 (citing only 2 folding plates of tables).

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The Vice of Dice
2

Augustine of Hippo, Saint. Sermones de verbis domini [and other works]. [Austria], 1448. [Austria], 1448. Small folio (235 x 314 mm). Latin ms. (gothic book cursive) on paper. 550 pp. (page numbers addeed in pencil, c. 1900, written on 547 pp.). Leaf size 210 x 295 mm, written area mainly 140 x 190 mm. 2 cols., mainly 30-31 lines (but final gathering: 41-43 lines), partly rubricated with red chapter headings and ends; numerous red Lombardic initials. Contemp. Blindstamped Gothic calf binding over wooden boards. Wants the fittings and clasps.

EUR 45,000.00

Fine late mediaeval manuscript, principally comprising sermons of St Augustine (pp. 1-410), but also containing four shorter treatises of his slightly older contemporary, Gregory of Nazianzus (pp. 411-523); dated "1448" at the end. Bound after this are 12 additional leaves, apparently penned slightly later by a different scribe, with theological writings of the early 15th century, namely two treatises by the French mystic Jean Gerson (pp. 527-540) and the treatise on the vice of dice by the Vienna canon Johann Geuss (pp. 541-550). - Contents: A) St Augustine. 1-121: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Mattheum (with a table of contents, followed by "Evangelium audivimus ... agite penitentiam"); 122-181: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Lucam (inc. "Petite et dabitur"); 182-344: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Johannem (inc. "Capitulum Evangelii quod lectum est"); 345-347: Sermo de verbis domini evangelio secundum Lucam de verbis apostoli, omnes nos manifestari oporte ante tribunal Christi (inc. "Omnium Christianorum spes"); 348-410: Liber de spiritu et anima (inc. "Quoniam dictum est mihi", expl. "quem cernere finis est doloris"). - B) Gregory of Nazianzus. 411-470: De urbana vita [ad Pronianum; tr. Rufinus] (inc. "Proficiscenti mihi ex urbe magnopere iniungebas Aproniane fili"); 470-487: De nativitate domini [oratio XXXVIII] (inc. "Christus nascitur"); 487-506: De luminibus et secundis epiphaniis [oratio XXXIX] (inc. "Iterum Jesus meus et iterum"); 506-523: De pentecoste [oratio XLI] (inc. "De sollemnitate huius diei pauca dicenda sunt"; expl. "et potestas in spiritu sancto in secula seculorum. Amen"); followed by date: "et finitus est liber anno etc. 1448"; 524-526 vacant. C) Johannes Gerson: 527-537: Tractatus de trepidantibus accedere ad celebrationem misse post pollutionem in sompniis habitum (inc. "Dubitandum est aput me"); 537-540: De duplicii stuatu in dei ecclesia, curatorum et privilegiatorum (inc. "Pax quam omnibus"; expl. "inveniri. Deo gratias. Deo gratias"). D) [Johannes Geuss]. 541-550 [Sermo de ludo alearum] (inc. "Confundatur sorcium distributio scribitur Numeri ultimo. Hec verba possunt intellegi de sortilegio lusorum et confusione ipsorum"; expl. "unam libram et sic posset fieri recompensatio" (lacking the final four columns of text). - Occasional addenda and marginalia by a roughly contemporary hand in the wide blank margin throughout. The 12-leaf quire bound at the end (watermark: type Piccard V [libra], section V, no. 294 ["Vienna 1461"]) must originally have been followed by a now-lost final leaf of text. Binding rubbed and bumped; small crack to upper cover; traces of a pasted grey paper wrapper. Occasional slight browning to manuscript; insignificant waterstain near beginning. Slight tear to first 3 ff. (not touching text), loss of corner to first leaf (loss of page number and a 17th century monastic ownership "Conven[tus] C[...]").

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Unknown Beethoven sketchleaf
3

Beethoven, Ludwig van, composer (1770-1827). Autograph sketchleaf to op. 117, "König Stephan" ("Ungarns... erster Wohltäter"). [Teplitz, 1811]. [Teplitz, 1811]. 2 pages in ink and pencil on 16-stave paper (322 x 234 mm), with two folds. Formerly sewn on the left margin, leaving three punched holes. Accompanied by two autograph letters signed from Friedrich Wilhelm Künzel in Leipzig to Fred M. Steele of Chicago, dated July 16th, 1886, discussing the acquisition and certifying the authenticity of the present leaf.

EUR 450,000.00

A densely-used two-sided autograph sketchleaf containing music to opus 117, "König Stephan" or "Ungarns erster Wohltäter" ("Hungary's first Benefactor"), the front showing, among other motifs, the opening cello/bassoon line for the beginning of the first movement chorus, "Ruhend von seinen Thaten" (Andante maestoso e con moto, C major), and the verso with material from the end of the movement, all over with various freely written passages in ink and pencil, mostly on single staves, some with text underneath, containing many holograph corrections and instances where ink is written over pencil. - The present sketchleaf, apparently hitherto unknown to scholarship, belongs to a book of sketches that Beethoven used while writing his stage music "König Stephan" in 1811. Beethoven created his own book from various paper on hand and used it while at the spa in Teplitz from late 1810 into mid 1811. He finished "König Stephan" between 20 August and mid-September 1811. The sketches are of the first chorus (after the overture). The musical play was commissioned for the opening of the new theatre in Pest along with "The Ruins of Athens". First performed on 9 February 1812, it was published as op. 117. King Stephen I founded Hungary in 1000. Emperor Francis I of Austria commissioned the new theatre, and Beethoven was chosed as the composer to honour the occasion of the opening. The Austrian Emperor was honouring Hungary's loyalty, thus the subject matter on a text by August von Kotzebue. - The Beethoven-Haus in Bonn holds four other sketches from this sketchbook (viewable in their digital online archive, as entries HCB Bsk 2/50, 3/51, 4/52, and Mh 81), all of which share the same three holes punched on the left-side margin of the present sketch. We would like to thank Dr. Carmelo Comberiati, professor of Music History at Manhattanville College, for his assistance in cataloguing this lot. - Provenance: Friedrich Wilhelm Künzel, Leipzig, before 1886; Collection of Fred M. Steele, Chicago, purchased from the above, 1886. Offered in the "Collection of Important Autographs in the estate of Mrs. Ella P. Steele, widow of Mr. Fred M. Steele" (Philadelphia, 1918). Acquired from the purchaser's descendants, last located in Greenwich, CT.
¶ For an in-depth discussion of the pages this sketch belongs to, see Douglas Johnson, Alan Tyson and Robert Winter, "The Beethoven Sketchbooks", p. 201-206.

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Pre-fabricated ornamentation
4

Beunat, Joseph. Recueil des dessins d'ornaments d'architecture de la manufacture... de Joseph Beunat. A Sarrebourg, et a Paris, Rue St. Avoye, no. 63. Contenant tout ce qui rapport a la decoration des apartments [...]. Sarrebourg and Paris, [c. 1814]. Sarrebourg and Paris, [c. 1814]. Large 4to (324 x 250 mm). Engraved throughout. 86 plates (including decorative title-page) with many hundreds of different designs. Contemp, German tree calf, flat spine with contemporary ink lettered paper label; bound with are the original dove grey printed wrappers, entitled "Sammlung der Zeichnungen sämmtlicher Architektur- und Meubles- Verzierungen aus der Fabrike von Joseph Beunat, zu Sarreburg in Lothringen".

EUR 6,500.00

An important trade catalogue of furniture ornament and interior decorative designs manufactured by a patented process at Beunat's factory in Sarrebourg in the Alsace. Beunat was the first to manufacture and distribute pre-fabricated moulded elements of ornamentation. His designs were in the French Empire style, pioneered by the architect duo Percier and Fontaine. Beunat's trade catalogue shows about 800 decorative designs of friezes, panel ornaments, pilasters, capitals, mouldings, candelabras, vases, heads, mythological figures and motives, rosettes, frames for pictures and mirrors, door surrounds, etc. There are also a handful of designs of entire rooms together with floor plans. The designs were offered in plasterwork as stucco decorations for interiors, but some must also have been offered in bronze as furniture ornament. The plates are finely detailed and drawn with measurements. This copy bears proof of Beunat's international ambitions. The plates and title-page of the trade catalogue are French, while the wrappers give all the necessary information in German. There is a German summary of the designs contained in the catalogue, as well as practical information indicating that the measurements are in French with a scale. There is also a reference to Beunat's "Erfindungs-Patent". We could not locate another copy with the German wrappers. Some of the plates are dated "1812", some "1813", the latest date is "18 December 1813". Plates nos. 83 and 85 have neat ink ms. additions. Some of the plates were engraved by Louis Marie Normand, August Montferrand, or A. P. Giraud. - An excellent copy, clean and crisp, from the Donaueschingen Fürstenberg library (their small stamp to verso of title-page).
¶ Kat. der Ornamentstichslg. Berlin 1387 (72 plates, dated 1812).

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Emperor Maximilian's Copy
5

Cervantes Saavedra, [Miguel de]. El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha... [...]. Nueva edicion corregida por la Real Academia España. Madrid, Don Joaquín Ibarra Impresor de Cámara de S.M. y de la Real Academia, 1780. Madrid, Don Joaquín Ibarra Impresor de Cámara de S.M. y de la Real Academia, 1780. 4to (296 x 220 mm). 4 vols. With 4 additional engraved titles, portrait of the author and 31 plates after Carnicero, Barranco, Brunette, Del Castillo, Ferro and Gil, engraved by Ballester, Barcelon, Fabregat, Gil, Mol, Muntaner, Salvador y Carmona and Selam, double-page engraved map, engraved ornamental initials and head- and tail-pieces, occasional light soiling and staining, contemporary mottled sheep, sides with gilt roll tool borders, gilt panelled spines with red morocco labels and floral tools (skillfully restored with later endpapers). All edges gilt.

EUR 70,000.00

A fine large copy of one of the great monuments of Spanish typography. "Magnífica edición y superior en belleza artística a todas las que hasta entonces se habían hecho en España y en el extranjero" (Palau); a book which, according to Richard Ford, "no grand library should be without". The idea for an edition illustrated by the best Spanish artists of the day, members of the Academia de San Fernando, was conceived in 1773 by Vincente de los Ríos (1732-79), soldier and Cervantista, and Francisco Antonio de Angulo, secretary of the Academia Real. Some 1600 copies of the work were printed, on special paper from the Guarro mill in Catalunya and with specially designed type cast from matrices made by Jerónimo Gil. The text is that of Juan de la Cuesta's 1605 second edition, which at the time was thought to be the first edition. - Provenance: José Maria Andrade (1807-83, Mexican bookseller); Emperor Maximilian of Mexico; Laurent Veydt (1800-77, Belgian Minister of Finance), bookplates; Jules Malou (1810-86, Belgian Prime Minister and Minister of Finance), letter recording the presentation of the volume to him (Brussels, 1876). Maximilian I was the younger brother of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph. Sent out to rule Mexico in 1864, he was captured and executed by rebels three years later. He had acquired the present volume in 1865 when he bought part of the library of the bookseller Andrade, hoping that this would form the nucleus of a national Imperial Library. However, he hadn't paid Andrade for the collection at the time of his death, and it was hastily packed up by the owner during the last days of the Empire and transported on mule-back to Vera Cruz, from where it was shipped to Europe and sold by public auction in Leipzig in 1869, fetching over $16,500. Many of the rare printed books and pamphlets on Mexico were acquired by the American historian Hubert Howe Bancroft and now form part of the Bancroft Library in the University of California.
¶ Palau 52024. Cohen/de Ricci 218f.

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Three rare architectural and garden ornament works
6

Danreiter, Franz Anton. Lust-Stück der Gärten. Parterres ou Broderies des Jardins.... Augsburg, Johann Andreas Pfeffel, [1728], [1740s]. Augsburg, Johann Andreas Pfeffel, [1728], [1740s]. Oblong folio (245 x 375 mm). 2 engr. title pages and 22 + 20 engr. plates by Pfeffel after Danreiter. (Bound with) II: Steingruber, Johann David. Architecture civile. Erster Theil [= all published]. Architecturally engr. title-page, engr. preface (misbound before title-page), and 25 numbered engr. plates by J. D. Ringlin after Steingruber; explanatory text engraved within the plate in German and French. - (Bound with) III: Charmeton, Georges. Plans de divers edifices et corniches choisies. Abriße unterschiedener Gebälcke und Kronwercke. 12 engr. plates, including the title-page. Contemp. German half vellum over paste boards and beige paper covers (a little foxed); slightly faded red stained gilt lettered label tooled directly onto spine. Red speckled edges.

EUR 18,000.00

A remarkable sammelband of three rare architectural and garden ornament works (the first in two parts), all of which were published by the important Augsburg print publisher Johann Andreas Pfeffel. I: First and only edition of a very scarce ornamental garden pattern book by the newly appointed court gardener and inspector of the Salzburg gardens, Franz Anton Danreiter (1695-1760). In 1728 Danreiter was appointed court gardener and inspector to related buildings by the ducal bishop of Salzburg. He translated Dezallier's "La Theorie et la Pratique du Jardinage" into German and became one of the more important mediators of French garden design to the German-speaking countries. His own designs issued in the present work, in two parts, with the second part particularly rare, show more than 100 ornamental and fanciful planting patterns on 42 plates. This was his first and rarest model book with garden plans for parterres. They show that far from endlessly repeating the strict symmetrical canon of French Baroque garden design, Danreiter developed a never-ending variety in ornamental designs which herald the German rococo. Danreiter served five successive bishops in Salzburg. Between 1727 and 1735 he also engraved a number of large-scale views of the city which represent a unique documentation of Salzburg in its 18th century baroque glory. - II: First edition of Steingruber's first published architectural book, showing designs for town houses and palaces. In total Steingruber shows seven scaled designs from a garden pavilion in an aristocratic park (2), several ever more lavish town houses for the haute bourgeois (4), and finally a ducal residence (1). Each design is shown in as much detail as possible with elevations and plans, but also several sections. The grander houses are shown with views of street and garden elevations; some designs have differently laid out plans. The architect J. D. Steingruber (1702-87) was appointed court architect by the Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach in 1734. In the course of his near sixty-year tenure of this position he was able to transform the townscape of Ansbach after his own designs. He is best remembered for his playful "Architektonisches Alphabet" (1773), a remarkable series of designs in which each building has a ground plan based on a different letter in the alphabet. - III: Scarce 18th century copy of Charmeton's rare "Diverses corniches choisies sur l'anticque", originally issued in 30 plates in c. 1670 (cf. Guilmard, 68). Pfeffel decided to issue only a selection of the designs. - Very rare: the only three complete copies of Danhauser's work located in libraries worldwide are at Augsburg (cf. KVK), Dumbarton Oaks (cf. OCLC), and the National Gallery, Washington (cf. Millard, Northern, no. 18). The Bavarian State Library and the British Library have only the first part; Olschki, Choix, 645 offered a copy with the second part, but lacked 2 plates in that part. - First leaf with near-contemporary aristocratic illegible ownership stamp. A fine architectural sammelband in excellent fresh condition with the plates in strong impressions, all printed an thick paper.
¶ I: Kat. der Ornamentstichslg. Berlin 3332 (wrong collation). II: Kat. der Ornamentstichslg. Berlin 2006. Cicognara 676. OCLC records copies at Avery and Getty; as well as 4 copies in Germany (including Berlin). III: Kat. der Ornamentstichslg. Berlin 3929.

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Complete copy of the second folio edition
7

Diderot, Denis & d'Alembert, Jean Le Rond. Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts... et des métiers, par une Societé de gens de lettres. Mis en ordre & publié par M. Diderot [...]; & quant à la partie mathematique, par M. d'Alembert [...]. Paris [i. e., Geneva], "1751-1772" [i.e., 1771-1776]. Paris [i. e., Geneva], "1751-1772" [i.e., 1771-1776]. Folio. 17 text vols., 11 plate vols., 5 vols. of supplements. Without the 2 index vols. Altogether 33 vols. with 3129 plates (doubles and triples counted as such) and the engraved frontispiece. Contemp. marbled calf, gilt, with double spine labels.

EUR 75,000.00

Complete copy of the second folio edition, issued simultaneously with the final volumes of the original edition and even reproducing its predecessor's imprint down to the original years of publication. It can be distinguished from the first edition only by the missing accent over the word "Mathématique" and two additional composition errors in the title, for which reason the trade usually offers it as the original edition: indeed, among the more than fifty "Paris" folio editions of the "Encyclopédie" auctioned during the last decades, not a single one is identified as the Geneva reprint, although this edition's press-run was fully half as great as that of the Paris original. - The supplement volumes, which "had no formal connection with the original 'Encyclopédie' and involved a new group of contributors" (Darnton 33), are here present in the 1776-1777 edition published in Paris and Amsterdam, which is generally treated as part of the Paris first edition.
¶ Lough 15-21 & 52-110. Darnton 34. Cf. PMM 200.

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On board the flying Viking Ship
8

Dietrich, Marlene fehlt, German-American actress and singer (1901-1992). Autograph letter signed. On board the flying Viking Ship, [May 15 or 16, 1960]. On board the flying Viking Ship, [May 15 or 16, 1960]. 8vo. 4 pp. on double leaf. With autogr. envelope.

EUR 5,000.00

To the Swedish film director Ingmar Bergman and his wife, the concert pianist Käbi Laretei (1922-2014): "Ich hätte 10 Minuten länger bleiben können. Ganz dumm habe ich auf dem Flugplatz gestanden [...] Bitte, bitte tuen Sie nichts mit Amerika [...] Vergessen Sie nie das Sie Amerika nicht brauchen. Amerika braucht Sie!! Und, bitte, verfügen Sie über mich! Ich kann meine Verehrung für Sie doch nicht sagen - weil es zu dumm klingt [...] Dank und wieder Dank für so Vieles, das Sie mir schon gaben ohne es zu wissen und für heute | Marlene". - On stationery with printed SAS letterhead.

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Erlass mir weiteren Schmus
9

Dix, Otto, German painter and graphic artist (1891-1969). 29 autograph messages and one autograph letter signed... ("Dix"), two of which have hand drawings. N. p., [c. 1950]. N. p., [c. 1950]. Various formats.

EUR 9,500.00

Highly perfunctory letter, probably to the violinist Hanni Rocco (1896-1990), whom Dix had met in the 1940s in the Höri artists' colony and who had lived in Hemmenhofen with her friend Maria Proells until 1953. Dix informs her that she can obtain his work from the Klihm Gallery and requests her not to bother him with trifling matters, in view of his laziness and copious correspondence. - The messages, most of them rather short, are probably to Roccos companion, the pianist and painter Maria Proelss (1892-1962), and concern forthcoming visits, various requests, etc. (with occasional references to "Miss Rocco"). Some of these are written on clipped slips of paper (including 3 military letters and 2 fragments of cigarette boxes); one postcard bears the drawing of a little girl with a flower.

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Dos-à-dos-à-dos
10

[Dos-à-dos-à-dos binding]. Biblia germanica. Biblia, das ist: Die gantze heilige Schrifft, verdeutschet... durch D. Martin Luther [...]. Lüneburg, Johann Stern, 1685. Lüneburg, Johann Stern, 1685. 12mo (70 x 130 x 65 mm). (8), 664 pp. 423, (1) pp. 302, (5), 5, 8 pp. With engr. frontispiece and 3 engr. title pages. Contemp. brown calf. Marbled endpapers. All edges gilt.

EUR 15,000.00

Pretty Lüneburg-printed Luther Bible in small pocket format, bound as a "dos-à-dos-à-dos binding", a superlative triplet version of the dos-à-dos binding. The latter is described as "a binding structure in which two separate books are bound together such that the fore edge of one is adjacent to the spine of the other, with a shared lower board between them serving as the back cover of both". Von Arnim states that "this gimmick first seems to have appeared in the 1560s [...] Gruel noted that these curious bindings almost exclusively contain Protestant functional writings. It would seem that sober Protestantism here yielded to a luxurious whim, as it were, a substitute for the Catholics' bibliophile Books of Hours. Dos-à-dos bindings were particularly popular in England, especially for the small-format editions of the New Testament and Psalms so common there [...] Of nine dos-à-dos bindings in the British Museum, six are embroidered" (Bibl. Otto Schäfer, no. 79). "These twin bindings, or dos-à-dos bindings, were used frequently for religious books of the 17th and 18th century, but very few have survived" (Sonntag, Boerner Cat. 21, no. 63: an embroidered English dos-à-dos binding). Bound between the first and second parts (Genesis through Song of Solomon; Prophets) is the third part (New Testament), with shared inner boards. A few old ms. notes; first part wants flyleaves. Some professional repairs to the binding's extremeties.
¶ VD 17, 23:672727F. Darlow/Moule 4221. Württ. Bibelslg. E 906 (dos-à-dos binding; Josias Lorck copy).

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On a Generalization of Kaluza’s Theory of Electricity
11

Einstein, Albert, German-born physicist and Nobel laureate (1879-1955). Autograph manuscript signed ‘A. Einstein’. No place or date (1938 or earlier). No place or date (1938 or earlier). Folio (277:225 mm). 1 p. on fine thin paper ("Pendrift Bond").

EUR 75,000.00

An important working manuscript apparently representing Einstein’s notes for a paper entitled “On a Generalization of Kaluza’s Theory of Electricity” which he wrote jointly with Peter Bergmann, and which was published in the Annals of Mathematics, vol. 39, no. 3, July 1938, pp. 683-701. Although the manuscript differs in many details from the published article (written in English), there are enough correspondences in wording, and also with respect to the equations to the section of the article headed "The Space Structure" to suggest very strongly a link between it and the 1938 paper. In sum, the manuscript details part of Einstein’s attempt to construct a unified theory of electromagnetism, gravitation and quantum mechanics based on a curved five dimensional spacetime with five spacetime coordinates x1, x2, x3, x4, x0 and four spatial coordinates, one of which, x0, is periodic. Through every point it is assumed that there passes a closed geodesic given by x1, x2, x3, x4 constant. This particular approach is sometimes referred to as "Projective Relativity" and is a type of unified theory pioneered by T. Kaluza and later by O. Klein in the 1920s. Kaluza's and Klein’s ideas play a key part of modern Super String theory and are currently being extensively pursued by theoretical physicists. - After obtaining his doctorate at the German University in Prague in 1936 under the direction of Philipp Frank, Peter Bergmann (1915-2002) collaborated with Einstein, as his research assistant, at the Institute for Advanced Study between 1936 and 1941. In 1942, Bergmann published a textbook on General Relativity, Introduction to the Theory of Relativity, which contained a foreword by Einstein. We understand that Einstein presented this manuscript to the daughter of Luther P. Eisenhart, Chairman of the Mathematics Department at Princeton University. - Remains of mount on verso, light browning towards edges.

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12

Elisabeth, Empress of Austria (1837-1898). Autograph telegram draft. No place, [25 August 1863]. No place, [25 August 1863]. 8vo. ¾ p.

EUR 5,800.00

To her mother, in German: "The Empress to Her Royal Highness the Duchess Luise in Bavaria in Possenhofen near Starnberg. I kiss your hands with the most profound and best wishes". - With drystamped monogram; slight traces of mounting on reverse; dated by a contemp. hand.

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the first important translation (DSB)
13

[Euclid]. - Proclus Diadochus. In primum Euclidis elementorum librum commentariorum ad universam... mathematicam disciplinam principium eruditionis tradentium libri IV. Padua, Grazioso Percacino, 1560. Padua, Grazioso Percacino, 1560. Folio (215 x 300 mm). (16), 272, (24) pp. With woodcut device on t. p. (Minerva and Mercury holding the wing tips of a rising phoenix), woodcut portrait on reverse, and printer's device on final leaf, as well as numerous mathematical diagrams in the text. Contemp. Italian limp vellum with ms. spine title.

EUR 18,000.00

First Latin edition of one of the major works by Proclus Lycaeus (412-485), founder and head of the neo-Platonic school of Athens: a commentary on the first book of Euclid's "Elements of Geometry", the "oldest mathematical textbook in the world still in common use today" (PMM). Includes the text of the theorems, set within ornamental woodcut framings, and the geometrical diagrams. The editor and translator Francesco Barozzi (1537-1604) taught at the University of Padua. He was later charged with sorcery (in particular, he was said to have caused a torrential rainstorm over his native Crete) and condemned by the Inquisition in 1587. "Barocius' edition of Proclus' commentary on the first book of Euclid's 'Elements' was the first important translation of this work, for it was based on better manuscripts than previous efforts had been. The translation, published in 1560, was completed by Barocius at the age of twenty-two" (DSB). His portrait on the reverse of the title page is cut within a magnificent border. - Old ms. ownership on flyleaf obliterated (probably in the early 19th century); old ownership stamp over title woodcut erased, replaced by a different coat of arms in ink, very likely that of the Italian comital family Antico (insignificant bleeding to reverse). Occasional slight waterstaining, still an exceptionally appealing, clean copy.
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 33726. Adams P 2138. BM-STC Italian 540. Mortimer 403. Honeyman 2543. DSB I, 468. Brunet IV, 895. Riccardi I/1, 82, 1 ("Bella e rara edizione"). Cf. PMM 25.

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The only known copy with the Imperial privilege
14

Fendt, Tobias. Monumenta sepulcrorum cum epigraphis ingenio et doctrina excellentium... virorum aliorumq[ue] tam prisci quam nostri seculi memorabilium hominum: de archetypis expressa. [Breslau, Crispin Scharffenberg], 1574. [Breslau, Crispin Scharffenberg], 1574. Folio. Engr., ill. title page, (10) pp., 129 plates (numbered 1-125 and 3*, 13*, 21*, and 22*). Half vellum, bound c. 1700. All edges gilt.

EUR 7,500.00

First edition of the principal work of the Polish artist and engraver, containing depictions of tombstones and funerary monuments from antiquity to the 16th century. Commissioned by the Imperial councillor Sygfried Rybisch from Breslau. Very rarely encountered with all 129 plates. The present copy bears an Imperial privilege on the title page, added in contemporary ink calligraphy, which protected the work against reprinting for the duration of eight years ("Cum Gratia et Privilegio Caes[aris] Ma[jes]t[atis] at VIII annos") - a statement not to be found in any copy available for comparison (in printed or written form). - Binding rubbed; interior occasionally slightly bronstained and waterstained. From the collection of the Nuremberg jurist Johann Konrad Feuerl(e)in (1725-88). A catalog of his vast library was published during his lifetime in two volumes (Schwabach, 1768-79; cf. Bogeng III, note 240); after his death, two sales catalogs appeared (1793 and 1803). Not in ABPC; only two complete copies at German postwar auctions (1959 und 1999 [Donaueschingen]), the latter certainly without the present privilege.

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About the Nobel Prize, Shakespeare, and Moses
15

Freud, Sigmund, founder of psychoanalysis (1856-1939). Autograph letter signed ("Freud"). [Vienna], 5. XI. 1935. [Vienna], 5. XI. 1935. 4to. 2 pp. On stationery printed "Prof. Dr. Freud Wien, IX., Berggasse 19".

EUR 45,000.00

To Stefan Zweig, about the Nobel Prize, Shakespeare, and his "Moses and Monotheism", thanking him for his letter and for the cutting from the Sunday Times, observing that his article is the declaration of a friend, noting his surprise to learn that he has been awarded the Nobel Prize on the promptings of the Vienna University, referring to the opposition to him when he was awarded the Frankfurt Goethe Prize in 1930, reproaching himself for expatiating during his visit on the contents of his Moses, instead of letting him talk about his work and plans, stating that Moses shall never see the light of day again, concluding in a postscript by asking him whether he is interested in the debate concerning the identity of Shakespeare, and admitting that he is virtually convinced that Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, was in fact Shakespeare. - Despite the views expressed by Freud here, "Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion", his last completed book, was in fact published four years later, in 1939. Although nominated twelve times for the Nobel Prize for Medicine, Freud was never awarded that honour, the Nobel committee being of the opinion that his work was of no proven scientific value. Romain Rolland's nomination of him for the Literature Prize in 1936 was also unsuccessful. - Horizontal fold, some light creasing and slight damage to edges.

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Saxonian Archimedes
16

Gärtner, Andreas. Langwirige Lampen, oder Sonderbare [...] Erfindung, Lampen auf... eine leichte Arth also zuzurichten, dass sie geraume Zeit [...] fortbrennen. [...]. Nebst angehängter Nachricht von denen Antiquen [...], vorgestellet von J. G. G. Hübschen. Leipzig & Frankfurt, 1725. Leipzig & Frankfurt, 1725. (6), 110 pp. With engr. frontispiece (M. Rein sc.). Modern marbled boards. 8vo.

EUR 2,500.00

First edition in book form (parts had been published in 1720 in the periodical "Berlinische und Cölnische ordinaire Post-Zeitung"): descriptions of lamps capable of burning for prolonged periods without having to be refueled, invented by the Saxonian court mechanic Andreas Gärtner (1654-1727). Gärtner, a cabinet maker and mechanic, had learned his trade over twelve years travelling throughout Germany and Italy (Venice, Bologna, and Rome). By 1686 he was royal cabinet maker to the Dresden court, and later also royal mechanic. Delighting in complicated machanical models and devices, he soon became known as the "Saxon Archimedes". Unfortunately, most of his works perished in a fire at the Wackerbarth Palace in 1728. Gärtner's famous world clock (c. 1700), boasting 365 dials, has survived and still draws crowds at the Dresden Zwinger. The frontispiece shows some of his newly-invented lamps. - Rare; KVK locates 4 copies in Germany (Erlangen, Augsburg, and Munich); OCLC locates no copies in the U.S.; not in COPAC. - Insignificant browning. A very good, clean copy.
¶ Thieme/Becker XIII, 37ff.

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to establish a general theory of the geomagnetic field deserving of the name
17

Gauß, Carl Friedrich, German mathematician (1777-1855). 4 autograph letters signed. Göttingen, 1836 to 1849. Göttingen, 1836 to 1849. 25 Jan. 1836. 2 pp. Large 4to. - 27 Feb. 1839. 2 pp. Large 4to. - 28 Dec. 1841. 3½ pp. 8vo. - 6 Jan. 1849. 3 pp. Large 4to (altogether 10½ pp.). All written on bifolia; the first two letters bear seals with the autograph address on the reverse of the counter-leaf.

EUR 85,000.00

Collection of four long, unpublished letters spanning more than a decade, all to the Berlin physicist and geologist Georg Adolf Erman (1806-77), who had just returned from a long voyage around the world and was in the process of publishing his findings ("Reise um die Welt durch Nordasien und die beiden Oceane", 5 vols. of history [1833-42] and 2 vols. of physics [1835-41, with atlas]). Gauss was able to draw on Erman's empirical observations about earth's magnetic field. All four letters begin with thanks for gifts sent by Erman, then develop into extensive scientific discussions which even touch upon Gauss's thermogalvanic experiments. Also, Gauss mentions his attempts to obtain books of Russian fiction. - In 1836 Gauss thanks Erman for presenting him with the 2nd part of his "Reise um die Erde" ("Ortsbestimmungen und Declinationsbeobachtungen auf dem festen Lande"): "This work contains a great wealth of facts. I am particularly interested in your magnetic observations and therefore am glad that you decided to include in this early volume your compass declinations with their results. These, in connection with other observations, will serve to supply the gap left by Barlow's map of declinations [...] But now I dearly look forward to the publication of the second part which is to contain the intensities and inclination readings. Hopefully we will then soon possess a general map for the horizontal intensity, which is devoutly to be wished. Indeed, as things stand now, the entire intensity in most cases is to be conceived merely as a unit of calculation at which one cannot directly arrive with any degree of precision, but which is a mere function of immediately observable elements, such as one rarely will find together in a single place, and even more rarely with the same degree of reliability; and, even more importantly, there are precious few occasions on which the entire intensity will be of any use at all; what is really needed are those very separate elements themselves. To arrange the three coordinates in such a fashion that one of them represents the whole intensity would seem to me, considering the present state of affairs, like wanting to draw up a star index in longitude and latitude only, omitting right ascension and declination. Indeed, at close examination even this comparison proves misleading, as an astronomer ultimately needs latitudes and longitudes for planets and comets so as to establish a general theory, whereas to establish a general theory of the geomagnetic field deserving of the name it is indispensable to disassemble the whole intensity back into its components. To be sure, this statement, which you must not take as an off-handed remark but rather as the result of long and thorough deliberation, cannot possibly be explained in a letter, but this much I can add: that I am fully satisfied as to the method by which the establishment of an exhausting General Theory is to be attacked [...] You may be interested to learn that our recent thermogalvanic experiments have already succeeded in so amplifying an electric current that it is capable of setting even the 25 pound rods in violent motion after passing through a wire of a mile's length [...]". - In 1839 Gauss thanks for a "postcard from Kamchatka" and for the "full communication of Erman's declination readings": "I will be most happy soon to receive also the corrected data of your intensities, although there is no hurry about that. I am merely making mention of a few of your observations in an article intended for the 3rd part of the Findings of the Magnetic Society, the first sheet of which is now in the press. Should your corrected calculations for these 16 locations [followed by a table of 16 cities, including St Petersburg, Kazan, Moscow, San Francisco, and Rio de Janeiro] have yielded intensity readings departing from those published by Major Sabine, I would be able to include these changes in the proofs of the said article [...] According to the most recent news I received from England, our hopes that the government there might do something splendid for the study of the geomagnetic field have suffered a severe blow; but this is not for want of the scholars' diligence, and no blame can be attached to them if the government fails to act [...]". - In late 1841 Gauss thanks for the gift of the 2nd volume of "Reise um die Erde" ("Inclinationen und Intensitäten, Declinationsbeobachtungen auf der See. Periodische Declinationsveränderungen"): "Regarding your observations I can only agree with Sabine's judgment that they contain the most substantial and valuable contribution to the knowledge of magnetism ever made by anybody. It gives me pleasure to see that the new reduction of intensity readings for Tahiti differs considerably from the earlier one, approaching that of Fitz Roy, and nearly duplicating that of Belcher. The large difference, according to Sabine, is mainly due to local interferences [...] I am much pleased with your plans for a journal aiming at acquainting us with Russia's literary productions, the more so because I myself during the past year or two have begun to study the Russian language and find this occupation most agreeable entertainment. The only thing that rather spoils this hobby for me is the difficulty in obtaining Russian books [...] However, l'Appetit vient en mangeant, and in particular I should like to have more in the way of belles lettres. My fiction department so far is limited to Krylov's Fables, a few volumes of Pushkin, and the complete collection of the writings of your Yakutian friend Bestuyev-Martinsky. All my endeavors to obtain something through the German booksellers have been in vain; a single shop did not refuse me outright, but demanded, apart from other onerous conditions (such as that one must accept the shipment regardless of when it arrives, and whatever the charge), the absolutely precise titles of the books ordered [...]". - In 1849 Gauss thanks Erman for sending him various works, including the "3rd volume of the historical section of your travel account", and criticises an article that appeared in the "Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science": "Observations all made from points upon or near a single line encircling the earth are quite as hopeless for such a purpose as would be the attempt to determine all the lunar elements and equations from the observations of a single week, even if they were made continuously from a hundred observatories. One might go even further and say that, to a degree, the observation data must not only encompass most of the earth's surface, but must also be more or less evenly distributed across the same [...] Altogether, the correction of my constants will certainly prove a tough nut to crack (for posterity), one that will turn out to be harder than the teeth of many a coming scientist [...]". - Clean and well-preserved throughout. Three letters are written in neat Latin handwriting, while that of 1841 is in German script, written somewhat overly carefully at first, then becoming more and more fluent and finally descending into a rather loose style.

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Fine pocket-size prayer book
18

Prayer book. Latin ms. on vellum. Rhineland, early 16th c. (after 1503). Rhineland, early 16th c. (after 1503). 12mo (65 x 90 mm). 109 ff. (numbered i, 108 in pencil by a later hand); thus complete. Latin bastarda on vellum. With blue and red Lombardic initials throughout, a few (ff. 31r, 49r, 69r, 71v, 74v) with penwork decoration. Contemp. wooden boards (wants spine; lower cover cracked).

EUR 12,500.00

A pretty, pocket-size prayer book, not classifiable as belonging to any known collection. Based on the unsophisticated penwork and the litany, it was probably created in the (northern) Rhineland. Title (fol. 1r): "Exhortacio salutaris terrorem iudicii ac timorem incutiens divinem ul[tionis]; incipit "Expergiscere o miserabilis homo" (for the beginning, but not the remainder of the text, cf. Nicolaus de Saliceto, Antidotarius animae). Contains numerous indulgences, including (fol. 80r/v) one by Pope Alexander VI in honour of Saint Anne (1494; she is also the first female Saint mentioned in the litany, fol. 38v). As the indulgence granted by Pope Sixtus IV for performing the prayer "Ave sanctissima virgo" was doubled by Pope Julius II (1503-13) (cf. fol. 67r), the date can be assumed with a high degree of certainty as after 1503. The penitential psalms (fol. 31r ff.) are followed by the kyrie and litany (37v-38v: with SS. Gereon and Odila); fols. 88r-97v contain prayers to the Saints (including SS. Rochus [fol. 93v], Odilia [fol. 95r], Gertrude [fol. 95v], Apollonia [fol. 96r], Mary Magdalene and Ursula [fol. 97r]). - Later quotation from Maleachi 4:2 in the margin of the first page ("orietur vobis timentibus Deum sol iustitiae"); the blank verso contains a longer note "Dum quis intrat Ecclesiam Auffer a nobis quis Domine cunctas iniquitates nostras" etc.; some additional early modern marginalia. Ownership "Co[...] Rabenau" (2nd half of 18th c.) on inside upper cover. Wooden boards show traces of a former calf binding, with the impression of an armorial stamp on the upper cover; lower cover split near the binding. Right edge of upper cover, as well as lower edge, show traces of gnawing (no loss to text).

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poesy ... I am cruelly bombarded with it
19

Gluck, Christoph Willibald, composer (1714-1787). Autograph letter signed ("Gluck"). Vienna, 29. XI. 1776. Vienna, 29. XI. 1776. 4to. 1 p. on bifolium.

EUR 95,000.00

To his friend Franz Kruthoffer (1740-1815?), secretary at the Imperial Embassy in Paris and Gluck's de facto private secretary: a fine document of Gluck's shrewd business sense as well as of the high demand among librettists for music by the foremost composer of his age. For Kruthoffer's sake, Gluck promises to accomodate his publisher Peters with regard to royalties, but he makes it clear that in turn he will be asking extra voucher copies and will not let this one-off concession establish a precedent for future negotiations. Also, Gluck complains of the unsolicited opera librettos with which he is swamped by poets, and he forbids Kruthoffer to accept such submissions for him: "Wertester Freyndt / Ihren brief von 17 october habe rechtens Erhalten, in dem letzten Ersehe das begehren des Mr. [Johann Anton de] Peters, welches, weilen Er Ihr gutter freyndt ist, ich vor dieses mahl annehmen wiel, aber Etliche partitionen werde mir vor behalten, wie auch, das auß diesen wenigen, was Er geben wiel, keine consequentz vor zukünfftige opern gemacht wer den soll; der Courrier wiel abgehen, ich kan ihnen nichts mehr schreiben als Unser Compliments tres sinceres de la part de ma femme et de moi a vous, et a Mr. [Franz] de Blumendorff. Ich bitte ihnen auch kein pacquet an mich an zu nehmen Wo man mir wiel poesie schicken umb opern zu machen, dan ich werde grausamb desentwegen bombardirt [...]". - Folded horizontally, without an address: as mentioned in the text, the thrifty Gluck sent this letter - as most of his communications with Kruthoffer - by way of the diplomatic courier service just leaving Vienna for Paris. Kruthoffer has noted his response in the upper margin: "Beant. Paris am 18ten Dezember 1776". Extremely rare, especially when signed (as Gluck, using the diplomatic mail, usually omitted his signature from his letters to Kruthoffer). Kinsky's 1927 edition of Gluck's correspondence with Kruthoffer noted the loss of a letter of this date; it was not published until 1932. - Provenance: in the "autograph collection of Mrs E[milie] Sch[aup] in Vienna" (cf. Komorn, p. 674) in 1932; in an unidentified "private collection" (cf. Badura-Skoda) in 1963. Includes old collection folder.
¶ Not in Kinsky (but cf. note p. 26). Not in Müller v. Asow (ed.), The Collected Correspondence and Papers of Christoph Willibald Gluck (1962). First published: Maria Komorn, Ein ungedruckter Brief Glucks, in: Zeitschrift für Musik 99 (1932), p. 672-675, at p. 674. Facsimile: Eva Badura-Skoda, "Eine private Briefsammlung", in: Festschrift Otto Erich Deutsch (Kassel 1963), p. 280-290, at fig. 5 and p. 282f.

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From the library of the Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
20

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Zur Farbenlehre. Nebst einem Hefte mit sechzehn Kupfertafeln. Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1810. Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1810. 8vo and 4to. 2 vols. and volume of plates. XLVIII, 654 pp. XXVIII, 757 pp. With 17 plates (12 in colour; with the extra plate after no. II). Contemp. half calf with giltstamped Saxon arms on covers. Edges marbled.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition of Goethe's principal scientific work, the "Farbenlehre", including the quarto-sized "Erklärung der zur Goethe’s Farbenlehre gehörigen Tafeln". "Goethe's first publication on optics culminated in his 'Zur Farbenlehre', his longest and, in his own view, best work, today known principally as a fierce and unsuccessful attack on Newton's demonstration that white light is composite" (DSB V, 445). The plates are of various sizes, showing this to be the earliest impression of the 17-plate set, but do not have the manuscript corrections present in some copies (cf. Hagen, p. 170). - Bindings somewhat rubbed; occasional brownstaining due to paper. A fine, complete copy in its first binding, originally in the library of the Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: gilt Saxon arms on the marbled covers; armorial stamps to all titles. Most famously, Duke Karl August was Goethe's friend, lord, and benefactor.
¶ Hagen 347, 347 d. Goedeke IV 3, 583 (46). Kippenberg I, 386, 389. Hirzel A 288. Speck 2289/90. Schmid 55-58. Brieger 733. WG² 79.

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Handing over the Jena observatory
21

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, German poet (1749-1832). Letter signed ("JWVGoethe"). Weimar, 1819. Weimar, 1819. 2 pages, 4to, integral address panel, paper seal, crayon numbering to second page ("91.").

EUR 12,000.00

To Ernst Weller, concerning the Jena Observatory, instructing him to place into the charge of Professor Posselt, as discussed, the Jena observatory, as well the instruments, books, furniture and items contained in the garden house, and to consult Hofmechanikus Körner concerning the instruments, requesting him to give one of the two copies of the agreed inventory to Dr. Posselt, the other to be returned to himself, asking him to confirm Carl Lebrecht Hammer in his duties and to provide Dr. Posselt with a copy of the conditions of the former's employment, and concluding with the request that he prepare an exact report on these matters and that he submit it to [the undersigned], signed in Goethe's capacity as director of the "Großherzogl: S. Ober-Aufsicht über alle unmittelbare Anstalten für Wissenschaft und Kunst". - From 1816 Goethe was a minister of state and head of the supervisory office for culture and education in the Grand Duchy of Weimar. One of his various responsibilities was the observatory at Jena, founded in 1812 and built on the site of Schiller's so-called garden house (mentioned here). Johann Friedrich Posselt (1794-1823) was only the observatory's second director. Goethe's correspondent, the librarian and philologist C. E. F. Weller (1789-1854), was then at the start of his career, having been appointed the previous April an auxiliary official dealing with the supervision of the University of Jena. - Light spotting, small tears, and small damages to edges.

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From "this poor German bear who shuns society and who would well deserve to be forgotten"
22

Heine, Heinrich, German poet (1797-1856). Autograph letter signed ("Henri Heiné"). [Paris], "Mardi, 18 avril" [probably 1843]. [Paris], "Mardi, 18 avril" [probably 1843]. 1 p. on bifolium. 8vo. With autogr. address.

EUR 28,000.00

Letter to the Creole-born Maria Comtesse de Merlin de Jaruco (1789-1852), née Mercedes Santa Cruz y Montalvo, who ran a famous salon in Paris the 1840s: "I accept with much pleasure your invitation, for which I am most grateful. It is a marvelously kind and generous gesture to remember from time to time this poor German bear who shuns society and who would well deserve to be forgotten. I would not fear to exaggerate if I say you are as good as you are beautiful [...]" (transl. from the French original). - Subtle foxing, slight paper loss to upper right corner, and slight brushing to a single word, otherwise in fine condition.

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Dedication for Marie Buloz: "Mademoiselle bonne fortune est une fille très legère"
23

Heine, Heinrich, poet (1797-1856). Autograph manuscript, poem in German and French, signed... twice ("Heinrich Heine", "Henri Heiné"). Paris, 19. III. 1853. Paris, 19. III. 1853. Folio. 1 p. Ink and pencil on wove paper. Three edges gilt.

EUR 70,000.00

Heine's short, self-ironic poem "Das Glück ist eine leichte Dirne", probably written between 1848 and 1851 and published in 1851 in his late collection "Romanzero": an unknown version, departing from the published text, penned as a dedication for Marie Buloz, who had visited the ailing poet on 19 March 1853 with her husband François, editor of the "Revue des Deux Mondes". Beside the German text (in ink) Heine has pencilled a French translation. A remarkable document from Heine's final years in what he called his "mattress tomb", during which writing, especially with pen and ink, cost him the greatest of efforts and he almost entirely limited himself to the use of the pencil. The album leaf was considered lost and was known to scholarship only through an incomplete manuscript copy of the French translation only (by an unidentified scribe) in the Spoelberch de Loevenjoul collection, Musée de Chantilly, on which all critical editions base their text. - Occasional slight smudging to pencil; a small trace of red ink near the German text.
¶ Heine, Werke, Säkularausgabe, vol. 3, commentary, ed. by R. Francke (Berlin 2008), p. 244f. ("lost"). Heine, Historisch-kritische Gesamtausgabe der Werke, Düsseldorfer Ausgabe, vol. 3/2 (Hamburg 1992), p. 734f. ("lost"). French text first printed: Heine, Briefwechsel. Reichvermehrte Gesamtausgabe, ed. by Friedrich Hirth, vol. 3 (Berlin 1920), p. 334f., no. 990 (French text only, based on a ms. copy); reprinted: Heine, Briefe. Erste Gesamtausgabe nach den Handschriften, ed. by Friedrich Hirth, vol. 3 (Mainz 1952), p. 459f., no. 1189 (in French and German parallel text, German text supplied from the published version). Poem first published in: Heine, Romanzero (Hamburg: Hoffmann & Campe, 1851), p. 118.

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24

Hesse, Hermann, Swiss writer and Nobel laureate (1877-1962). Autograph picture postcard signed ("H. Hesse"). [Berne (Switzerland), 11 April 1938]. [Berne (Switzerland), 11 April 1938]. 8vo. 2 pp. With autogr. address.

EUR 1,000.00

A letter of condolence to Carlotta Richter in Florence, whose mother, the German writer Alice Berend, had died.

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Bound with a medical manuscript and a library catalogue
25

[Himels Lauffs Wirckung]. Him[m]els Lauffs Wirckung, und natürliche Influentz der Planeten,... Gestirn und Zeychen, auß grund der Astronomei, nach jeder Zeit, Jar, Tag und Stunden Constellation. In Nativiteten, zur Artznei, Wolfart, und allem Leben der Menschen zuwissen von nöten. Mitsampt astronomischer und mathematischer Instrument, als Astrolabien, Quadranten, Compäst, Sonnuhren, und Nocturnal, künstlicher Zurichtung und nützlichem Gebrauch. Frankfurt, Christian Egenolffs Erben, 1564. Frankfurt, Christian Egenolffs Erben, 1564. 4to. (8), 108 ff. With woodcut vignette to title, printed in red and black, and more than 140 woodcuts of various sizes throughout the text. (Bound with:) Late Renaissance medical manuscript. German, Latin, and Bohemian handwriting in black and red ink on paper. 64 pp. (And:) Schützen Regl. German ms. 11 pp. (And:) Catalogus librorum. Latin ms. 36 pp. Attractive 17th century blindstamped brown calf; one clasp of two preserved.

EUR 7,500.00

Second edition of this astrological manual on calendar computations, astronomical instruments, the zodiac, the humours, the weather etc., previously published by Egenolff in 1551. "Der Vorläufer dieses Buches ist der 1547 erschienene 'Calender, mit Underrichtung'. In beiden Büchern sind früher erschienene Schriften abgedruckt, im Druck von 1551 [und 1564] Dryanders Schrift über Köbels Nachtuhr von 1535" (Zinner, S. 214). All editions are considered rare, especially when complete: in particular, the double-leaf-sized illustration of the "quadrangular astrolabe" (p. 10-11) tends to be missing. No more than a dozen copies are known in libraries worldwide; no copy at German auctions since 1950. - Bound at the end is a medical manuscript by various hands containing recipes, mainly written during the 16th and early 18th century in German, Latin, and Bohemian. Recipes include ointments against the plague (a tincture for the mucous membrane based on garlic and rose vinegar), a milk preparation against swollen tonsils, ointments against gout pain and discoloured teeth, as well as household recipes for preserving vegetables and how to deworm horses. 40 paragraphs of manuscript rules for a Southern German marksmen's club are inserted near the end, and the volume is concluded by a ms. catalogue of a 17th century scholar's library, containing more than 430 works listed alphabetically in four departments (law, medicine, history, and theology), stating author, short title, and format. - Appealing binding with roll-stamped portraits of reformers and evangelists; blindstamped title "Ymelslauffs" (lower cover somewhat rubbed, otherwise well preserved). Insignificant browning; occasional fingerstaining and waterstaining. From the library of the Imperial counsellor and Bohemian notary Johann Franz von Goltz (his ms. ownership, ca. 1720, on title page and final flyleaf).
¶ VD 16, A 3970. Zinner 2331. Rosenthal 3424 (incomplete). OCLC 313098375. Not in Lalande or Houzeau-Lancaster. Not in Durling or Wellcome.

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To his publisher
26

Hoffmann, E. T. A., writer (1776-1822). Autograph letter signed ("Hoffmann"). Berlin, 21. VII. 1816. Berlin, 21. VII. 1816. 8vo. 1 p.

EUR 28,000.00

To his publisher Georg Reimer, about his tale "Das Sanktus", apologizing for the delay in sending this to him, stating that his friend Hitzig can testify to the fact that in the last three months an unusual mass of time-consuming work has made it impossible for him to think about anything else ("[...] Freund Hitzig kann es bezeugen, wie seit drey Monathen ein ungewöhnlicher Andrang von zeitraubender [...] Arbeit es mir als unmöglich gemacht hat, an etwas anderes zu denken [...]"). Hoffmann's famous tale "Das Sanctus" was published in the first volume of "Nachstücke" (1816). - With two manuscript annotations to verso, one possibly by the recipient. Overall browning with some damp-staining affecting text.

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The Hammer of Witches - editio princeps
27

Institoris, Heinrich. Malleus maleficarum. [Speyer, Peter Drach, before April 1487]. [Speyer, Peter Drach, before April 1487]. Folio (215 x 294 mm). 129 ff. (wants final blank). 48 lines, double-columned, gothic type. Rubricated, with lombardic initials in red and blue, occasional pen flourishes, paragraph marks at beginning of chapter headings, some capital strokes. 19th-c. white paper boards with printed paper spine label. Stored in custom-made full green morocco gilt clamshell box.

EUR 175,000.00

First edition of the notorious "Hammer of Witches", which laid down procedures for finding out and convicting witches. Due to the innovation of the printing press, it contributed significantly to the early modern witch craze. "The most important and most sinister work on demonology ever written. It crystallized into a fiercely stringent code previous folklore about black magic with church dogma on heresy, and, if any one work could, opened the floodgates of the inquisitorial hysteria [... it was] the source, inspiration, and quarry for all subsequent treatises on witchcraft" (Robbins, Encyclopaedia of Witchcraft and Demonology). The book was published and republished in at least 13 editions up to 1520, then revived from the late 16th century, undergoing at least 16 editions between 1574 and 1669, as well as numerous editons in German, French and English. Complete copies of the first edition are rare, and only a few copies are found in American institutions. - Upper cover stained and soiled, first three pages of text with some soiling and staining, neat repair to final printed leaf. All in all, a remarkably fine, clean copy from the famous Donaueschingen library of the princes of Fürstenberg with their printed spine title and shelfmark "298" on the spine label (repeated in pencil on recto of f. 1).
¶ HC* 9238. Goff I-163. British Library IB.8581 (acquired in 1867 but not recorded in BMC). ISTC ii00163000. Coumont I4.2. Danet 16. Graesse III, 425.

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The rarest of all works by the pioneer of witch-hunting, from the library of the Bohemian witch hunter Jan Vodnansky
28

Institoris, Heinrich (Heinrich Kramer). Sancte Roma[n]e eccl[esi]e fidei defe[n]sio[n]is p[ro]pungnaculu[m] [!] Adversus... walde[n]sium seu Pickardorum heresim Certas germanie Bohemieq[ue] naciones in odium cleri ac enervacione[m] ecclesiastice potestatis virnlenta [!] co[n]tagio[n]e sparsi[m] inficientis [...]. Olmütz, Conrad Baumgarten, 20. IV. 1501. Olmütz, Conrad Baumgarten, 20. IV. 1501. Folio (220 x 315 mm). 128 ff. (a-b8, c-d6, e4, f6, g4, h-p6, q4, r-x6, y4; page count: [t.p.], iii, v, iiii, v-ix, v, xiii, xii, [2 ff.], xiiii, xvi-xliii, xlvii, xlv-cvii, cix-cxxviii), complete thus. With half-page title woodcut, full-page woodcut on verso, large woodcut initial, and printer's device at the end (all with contemporary touches of red ink), as well as numerous fleuronee and lombardic initials in red and green, including five figurated initials. Rubricated throughout. Contemp. blindstamped gothic binding: dark brown calf over wooden boards, remains of engraved brass claps.

EUR 85,000.00

First edition of this polemic against the Bohemian Brethren, written by the author of the notorious "Malleus Maleficarum": a "Bulwark of Faith of the Holy Roman Church Against the Heresy of the Waldensians and Picards". Extremely rare: the present copy represents the hitherto unknown first impression of the first edition, still bearing a slightly different title; all other known copies printed that same year (three via OCLC, one in the Scientific Library of Olomouc, one in the Bavarian State Library), as well as the 1502 second edition, are entitled "Sancte Romane ecclesie fidei defensionis clippeum adversus waldensium seu pickardorum heresim, certas Germanie Bohemieque nationes in odium cleri ac enervatioe ecclesiatice potestatis virulenta contagione sparsim inficientes" (changing the - misspelled - "bulwark" into a "shield"). Quire signatures and pagination depart from those stated by OCLC in several details. In particular, the head-over-heels "u" in "virulenta" (here printed as "virnlenta"), corrected in other editions, identifies the present variant as the earliest one. - In the year 1500, 15 years after he first published his "Malleus Maleficarum", Institoris had been installed by Pope Alexander VI as inquisitor to Bohemia and Moravia, where he was to take action agains heretics, sorcerers, and witches (cf. Tschacher). In the present work, his last to see publication, "he once more invokes his 'Malleus' and his earlier sermons against witchery and its doubters. The Bohemian Waldenses, he argues, had not only perpetrated numerous heresies, but also questioned the legitimacy of the witch trials. It is telling that Kramer, in his final polemic, would interpret the heresies of the Waldenses and witches as conjoined harbingers of the approaching apocalypse" (ibid.). The inquisitor who prided himself on having sent no less than 200 witches to the stake discusses other heresies as well: fol. 86ff. contains an entire chapter "De origine legis machometice". - One of the most extensive and technically ambitious works to leave the press of the itinerant German printer Konrad Baumgarten, active in Danzig, Olomouc, Breslau, and Frankfurt/Oder between 1498 and 1509. The page count is exceedingly confused, as in all copies. Indeed, only a single leaf in the entire "a" gathering bears a signature: the second, counted as "a iii" in error; thus agreeing with all copies available for comparison. The count of the first four leaves in our copy has therefore been corrected to "a i-iv" in red ink by a contemporary hand. - From the library of the disputatious Bohemian Franciscan friar John Aquensis, who in 1502 was to publish his own polemic against the "Picards", with his marginalia and his autograph ownership on the title page. "Although Johannes Aquensis, Jan Vodnansky in Czech, was one of the most active Catholic writers at the turn of the Middle Ages to the Age of Reformation, he has been largely ignored by scholarship so far. Born in Vodhany (some 30 kilometers to the north-west of Budweis and considered Utraquist) around 1460, he attended the school of St. Henry's in Prague since 1473, later studying Divinity at the University there. After obtaining his Bachelor's degree in 1480, he joined the Observant Franciscans and soon became one of the most vocal antagonists of the Utraquists, Begards, Waldensians, Bohemian Brethren, and other heretics. He disappears after 1534 [...] Most of his works, almost entirely ignored by scholarship but apparently marked by a curious mixture of erudition, bellicose dialectics, vivid imagination, and credulity, are known in manuscripts only; a very few were printed, and some must be presumed lost or awaiting discovery" (cf. Dietrich Kurze, Märkische Waldenser und Böhmische Brüder. Zur brandenburgischen Ketzergeschichte und ihrer Nachwirkung im 15. und 16. Jh., in: H. Beumann [ed.], Festschrift für Walter Schlesinger II [Cologne 1974], p. 456-502, at: 480). Some staining to first and last leaf; occasional insignificant waterstaining, otherwise very clean, showing very little browning. Altogether an excellent copy in its contemporary, original binding. The individual blindstamps could not be traced in the Kyriss or Schunke collections; the clasp hitches are engraved with an invocation of the Virgin ("MARIA AVE"). Text carefully rubricated throughout; the inhabited initials depict dragons and other mythical creatures, as well as the bearded head of an old man. - Of the utmost rarity: this present first edition is not listed in German or international auction records. The last copy of any edition in the trade was that formerly in the Broxbourne collection (1502 second ed.: Sotheby's, 8 May 1978, lot 408, to Breslauer).
¶ Not in VD 16 or ISTC. Cf. Panzer VII, 486, 1. Cf. OCLC 22369397. Zibrt III, 5181. Isaac 14475. Werner Tschacher, "Kramer, Heinrich (Henricus Institoris)", in: Lex. zur Geschichte der Hexenverfolgung, ed. G. Gersmann, K. Moeller & J.-M. Schmidt (historicum.net, ).

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Johann Schmutzer's drawings of plants in Vienna's Imperial and Royal Gardens
29

Jacquin, Joseph Franz Frh. von, botanist (1766-1839). Verzeichnis der Handzeichnungen von Pflanzen-Arten welche für die... Privat-Bibliothek Sr Majestät, in den K. K. Gärten von Wien, von Johann Schmutzer, in den Jahren 1795 bis 1824 incl. verfertigt werden sind. Von J. Freih. v. Jacquin. [Vienna], 1824. [Vienna], 1824. Folio (345 x 230 mm). Autograph manuscript. Wrapper title and 8 pp.

EUR 2,800.00

A manuscript catalogue of Johann Schmutzer's drawings of plants in Vienna's Imperial and Royal Gardens prepared between 1795 and 1824 for the Emperor's private library. The medical doctor Jacquin, professor of botany (as successor to his gather Nikolaus Baron Jacquin) since 1797, was not only one of Vienna's most prominent physicians of the early 19th century but also served as keeper of the Belvedere gardens, enlarged the University's botanical gardens, and later became vice president of the Society of Gardening (cf. ÖBL III, 52). - Provenance: acquired by Vienna's Natural History Museum in 1988 from the rare book dealer Dr. Walter Krieg; recommendation for restitution to the heirs of Dr. Ernst Moriz Kronfeld in June 2011; returned to the rightful heirs of Dr. Kronfeld in 2014. - Some brownstaining and edge defects.

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With six-page entry by the "father of gymnastics"
30

[Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig]. Album amicorum kept by the Nauen superintendent Karl... Friedrich Ferdinand Tiebel, containing some 200 entries. Halle, Lenzen (Priegnitz), Magdeburg, Berge, Hillersleben and other places, 1795-c.1800. Halle, Lenzen (Priegnitz), Magdeburg, Berge, Hillersleben and other places, 1795-c.1800. Oblong 8vo. 1 f., 229 [but: 219] numbered pp. (87/88, 143-146, 187-190, and 223/224 skipped; 31/32 used twice), 3 ff. With 9 watercoloured pen-and-ink drawings (some in full-page format), 6 pen-an-ink sketches (4 washed), silk embroidery, and 2 silhouettes. Contemp. calf with label to gilt spine; front cover has monogram "K.F.F.T."; "K 1795 B" on back cover. Contemp. paper jacket and cardboard slipcase.

EUR 18,000.00

Filled with beautiful, often artistically and iconographically remarkable miniatures, this album amicorum is of particular importance for its provenance: drawn up by the circle of friends around the German gymnastics educator and nationalist Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), it illustrates the famous "Turnvater"'s hitherto largely unknown student days and contains a long autobiographical entry by the German "father of gymnastics" who founded the "turnverein" (gymnastics club) movement in Germany. Jahn was a fervent patriot who believed that physical education was the cornerstone of national health and strength and important for strengthening character and national identity. The owner of the album, Karl Friedrich Ferdinand Tiebel (1778-1835), superintendent and senior preacher at Nauen, was a close friend of Jahn's. - One drawing is inserted loosely. Occasional fingerstaining and traces of handling, rather severe scuffing to jacket and slipcase.

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