Marx, Karl, philosopher and economist (1818-1883). Collection of six unpublished autograph letters, all signed... in full. London and Oxford, 30 Jan. 1872 to 21 Oct. 1876. London and Oxford, 30 Jan. 1872 to 21 Oct. 1876. 8vo and small 4to. Altogether 7¼ pp., some on bifolia.

Six unpublished letters to the French publisher Maurice Lachâtre (1814-1900), living in exile in Spain, Belgium, and Switzerland, as well as to Lachâtre's son-in-law Henri Oriol, discussing the ongoing publication of "Das Kapital" in French. Detailed descriptions available upon request.
¶ Not in: Marx/Engels, Werke vol. 33 (Briefe Juli 1870-Dezember 1874) / vol. 34 (Briefe Januar 1871-Dezember 1880).


A fine presentation copy of the first edition in French

Marx, Karl. Le Capital. Traduction de M. J. Roy, entièrement... revisée par l'auteur. Paris, Maurice Lachatre et Cie, [1872-1875]. Paris, Maurice Lachatre et Cie, [1872-1875]. Tall quarto (277 x 194 mm). Contemporary black quarter roan, dark brown pebble-grain cloth over boards, green page marker. 2 engraved title pages, 1 engraved portrait frontispiece with autograph, facsimile autograph letter from Marx to the publisher, dated 18 March 1872, with Lachatre's reply to verso, engraved head- and tailpieces. Text in two columns.

First edition in French, first issue, a fine presentation copy, inscribed by Marx to the Frankfurt banker Sigmund Schott, with whom Marx exchanged ideas central to his philosophies and work: "Mr Sigmund Schott, de la part l'auteur, Londres, 3 Novembre 1877" to the first engraved title page. Presentation copies of Capital are exceptionally rare, with only seven others having been offered at auction in the last 60 years, just two of those being the first edition in French as here. Sigmund Schott was a German bank director and journalist. He was also a literary critic, bibliophile, and corresponded with the some of the most important intellectual figures of the epoch. In certain editions of Marx's correspondence, Schott was misidentified as the German politician (1818-1895), with whom he shared the same name. As a result, the importance of the relationship between the young banker and the philosopher has perhaps been underexposed. Schott and Marx wrote to one another on a number of occasions over several months, and in the letter that originally accompanied the present volume - and bears the same date as the inscription: 3 November 1877 - Marx details his approach to constructing Capital. "Dear Sir," Marx begins. "My best thanks for the packages. Your offer to arrange for other material to be sent to me from France, Italy, Switzerland, etc. is exceedingly welcome, although I feel reluctant to make undue claims on you. I don't at all mind waiting, by the by, nor will this in any way hold up my work, for I am applying myself to various parts of the book in turn. In fact, privatim, I began by writing Capital in a sequence (starting with the 3rd, historical section) quite the reverse of that in which it was presented to the public, saving only that the first volume - the last I tackled - was got ready for the press straight away, whereas the two others remained in the rough form which all research originally assumes." Marx then goes on to mention the volume now offered: "I enclose a photograph herewith, because the copy of the French edition that goes off to you at the same time as this letter only contains a very far from flattering likeness done from a London photograph by a Parisian artist. Your most obedient Servant, Karl Marx." This letter, so frequently referenced in critical treatments of Capital, not only sheds light on the genesis of one of the most significant philosophical works to emerge in the last two centuries, but also underscores the author's openness and perhaps even his humour. Additionally, it offers an important contextual background for the presentation copy at hand. Given the nature of other examples of correspondence between the two men, it would seem that Schott and Marx regularly exchanged ideas pertaining to banking and social economy. In a letter sent from London, and dated 29 March 1878, Marx wrote to Schott: "I have, though somewhat belatedly, obtained Volume IV (Industrieactien) of the Saling, to which you so kindly drew my attention. I did not wish to reply to your letter until I had at length had time to run through the thing, and have found it very useful… Finally, I have one more thing to ask of you, namely to be so kind, provided it is not too time-consuming, as to let me have a list of the names of Perrot's published writings on the subject of joint-stock companies, etc." Given the tenor of this letter, it would seem that Marx quite relied on Schott for information relating to the financial theories of the day, and that Schott was eager to supply Marx with literature relevant to his work. Le Capital was published in France in 44 "livraisons" between August 1872 and May 1875. Marx began revising Capital for the second German edition in December 1871, which was also the month in which Lachâtre agreed to publish a French edition. In January 1872 Marx recruited Joseph Roy to prepare a French translation and concluded a publishing agreement with Lachâtre. As well as making important revisions for the second German edition, Marx began "to revise, indeed rewrite, the translation" (Draper, p. 174) over the next three years. While the second German edition was published in 1873, Marx continued to exert strict control over the French edition, making additions and corrections to the galley proofs for the parts even as they were being published (Draper, p. 190). He was very clear about its unique value as distinct from the second German edition and strongly advised that even those familiar with the German language editions consult the French edition for further accuracy. For this reason these changes were "taken into account when at length the first English translation, by Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling, appeared in London, in 1887, four years after Marx's death, under the editorship of Engels" (PMM). When the final fascicule was printed in November 1875, the complete set was published in 10,000-11,000 copies. From certain indications found in the correspondence of Marx, it seems likely that the French government, who must have frowned upon the appearance of Das Kapital in French, tried to prevent its publication, which for a certain time was interrupted by the authorities. When the publication was finally completed, rumours abounded that its sale was to be forbidden and the publisher Lachâtre hesitated to sell copies. As noted, any presentation copy of Capital is exceedingly rare. - The volume present here ranks among the finest of these presentation copies. The correspondence surrounding it yields a particularly unique and significant sense of historical context, offering an important point of association related to one of the most significant works on economic philosophy, in the translation which many consider to be the definitive text of Capital as authorised by Marx. - Bookplate of Sigmund Schott to front pastedown and his ownership signature to front free endpaper, "Sigmund Schott, Roedelheim". - Spine and corners professionally repaired; a few small tears to a few edges, not obscuring text. Paper strips used to guard and reinforce a few leaves. Contents lightly foxed and toned, but still a very good copy.
¶ Draper ST/M15. Einaudi 3770. Rubel 634. Cf. Hal Draper, The Marx-Engels Chronicle, vol. I. New York: Schocken Books, 1985. PMM 359.


The Most Powerful Book of the Century - Translator's Copy

Marx, Karl. Das Kapital. Kritik der politischen Oekonomie. Erster Band.... Buch I. Der Produktionsprocess des Kapitals. Hamburg, Verlag von Otto Meissner, 1867. Hamburg, Verlag von Otto Meissner, 1867. 8vo (153 x 224 mm). XII, 784 pp. Contemporary half cloth with green marbled boards. Marbled endpapers.

First edition of one of the most influential books ever published, the personal copy of the book's first French translator, Charles Keller (1843-1913), whose unfinished work was ultimately taken over by Joseph Roy (the French version was finally published in 1872). The trained engineer Keller, a member of the Paris section of the International Workingmen's Association, had been put in contact with Marx through the latter's son-in-law, Paul Lafargue, who recommended the "young, enthusiastic, intelligent" man who had previously translated medical literature for the publisher Baillère and whose "boundless energy" captivated Lafargue. Keller received the author's commission. He worked on "Das Kapital" from October to December 1869 and sent his manuscript to Marx, who returned it with revisions. Although work progressed well and Keller coined several happy translations (such as "survaluation" for "Verwertung"), he abandoned his efforts after the first three chapters (pp. 1-291, rather more than a third of the entire volume, though Laura Marx-Lafargue speaks of his having completed close to 400 pages in April 1870) in favour of a translation of the more directly political "Le 18 Brumaire", which likewise remained unfinished. The present volume contains many of Keller's characteristic markings in red and blue pencil with his occasional annotations in the margins, mainly in chapters 3 and 4, with a reference to the situation in Keller's native Mulhouse on p. 227 and an annotation at the head of p. 195, apparently marking his progress: "Mardi. 2 Novembre [1869]. - Grania". - The first volume of "Das Kapital", copies of which remain rare on the market, was the only one to be completed by Marx in his lifetime, while the second and third volumes were completed posthumously by Engels from Marx's papers (1885 and 1894). "The history of the twentieth century is Marx's legacy [...] Within one hundred years of his death half the world's population was ruled by governments that professed Marxism to be their guiding faith. His ideas have transformed the study of economics, history, geography, sociology, and literature" (Wheen). "Marx himself modestly described 'Das Kapital' as a continuation of his 'Zur Kritik der politischen Oekonomie', 1859. It was in fact the summation of a quarter of a century's economic studies, mostly in the Reading Room of the British Museum" (PMM). - Corners slightly bumped; some browning and brownstaining; a few duplicated leaves bound between pages 656 and 657 (643/642, 647/646, 651/650, 655/654 - each twice). Keller, an early associate of Elie Reclus and Mikhail Bakunin, participated as a delegate in the Paris section of the First International and in the Second Congress of the League of Peace and Freedom in Berne. As a member of the Commune, he was injured fighting on the barricades in 1871 and escaped to Basel. Returning after the amnesty and settling in Nancy, he established himself as a poet and writer of workers' songs.
¶ PMM 359. Rubel 633. Wheen, Marx, p. 299 ff. Books That Made Europe, p. 238. Cf. J.-P. Lefebvre, "La première traduction française du Capital", in: La Pensée 233 (May/June 1983), pp. 85-99, at p. 87.


119 Annotated Portraits of Communards, From the Library of the Chief of Police

[Commune de Paris]. Photo album of wanted Communards for the use... of French police detectives. [Paris, 1871]. [Paris, 1871]. A total of 119 photographic portraits of 74 Communards, captioned in black ink by police officers. 63 & 56 photographs mounted on tabs and assembled in alphabetical order, bound in 2 contemporary half calf 12mo volumes on four raised bands with gilt titles to spines. Portraits are mainly by the photographer Ernest Appert (1830-90) and captioned on front, reverse, or both.

An exceptional pocket-sized rogues' gallery showing Communards, for the use of Parisian police detectives on the manhunt, from the estate of Edmond Louis de Nervaux, director of the Sûreté générale at the French Ministry of the Interior from 1871 to 1874. Among the many great and lesser men here portrayed for their involvement in the uprising are Bakunin, "chef de l'Internationale", Prosper-Olivier Lissagaray, later the historian of the Commune and sometime fiancé of Marx's daughter Eleanor (Tussy) Marx, the painter Gustave Courbet ("grand, gros, voûté, marchant difficilement à cause de douleurs dans le dos, cheveux longs grisonnants, air d'un paysan goguenard, assez mal vêtu"), Henri Rochefort ("taille élevée, cheveux noirs frisés, barbe noire, teint pâle, traces de variole"), and Jules Vallès ("taille un peu au-dessus de la moyenne, barbe et cheveux noirs à reflets rouges, teint légèrement basané, peau un peu ridée, marche assez lourdement"). The formulaic description of face, hair, eyes etc. entirely mirrors the usage that was common even under the Ancien Régime and that was given full expression in the prisoner lists compiled during the mass incarcerations under the French Revolution's "Terreur". The more colourful (and frequently unflattering) annotations, however, reflect an increasing demand for a greater degree of individual detail that would eventually lead to Bertillon's anthropometric system of physical measurements. In the present albums, many of these notes amount to rather picturesque nutshell psychological sketches: "air quelque peu ahuri" (Albert Breuillé), "figure fatiguée" (Jean-Baptiste Édouard Millière), "air souffrant" (Tony Moilin), "figure très commune, nez un peu chafouin" (Trabucco), "cheveux et barbe blond filasse, air fiévreux, yeux malins légèrement bordés de rouge, porte plus souvent un pince-nez en argent que des lunettes" (Marc Amédée Gromier), "air très militaire" (Jaroslaw Dombrowski), "se tient très droit, tournure prétentieuse" (Gustave Maroteau), "vêtu généralement d'habits bourgeois, coiffé d'un chapeau de feutre mou brun" (Gustave Paul Cluseret), or "habituellement coiffé d'un chapeau tyrolien, un peu voûté" (Ferdinand Gambond). - Some pictures are in duplicate or even in triplicate, with the same annotations on the back, though often by another hand, and some Communards are the subject of several different portraits. Although three photographs are on the studio cardboard of E. Flamant and F. Clement, and one (that of Auguste Rogeard) is even reproduced from a publication, the vast majority - though unsigned - apparently are the work of Ernest Appert, a prominent Parisian photographer who long had portrayed in his studio the conservative élite and republican-minded politicians alike. As Sotteau Soualle demonstrated in her 2010 dissertation on Appert, the artist began to cultivate a close relationship with the French police and judiciary in 1870, after the failed January uprising. These contacts allowed him now to photograph the accused revolutionaries and members of the International, as well as their defense lawyers, and thus to assemble an even more encompassing portrait gallery of the French political world. There is little formal difference between Appert's studio and court sittings: even in the 1860s, Appert had developed his definitive, reduced style, consisting of a half-length portrait against a blank background - a design that was easily reproduced outside the studio and even in jails with the use of a chair and a white sheet of cloth (also, the resulting images lent themselves well to photomontage, another specialty of Appert's). Many of the insurgents, put on trial in July 1870 and later released, came to play important roles in the Commune of 1871; other prominent Communards without a police record nevertheless had had their portraits taken by Appert in earlier years. Hence, when the National Assembly cracked down on the Commune, they had a wealth of negatives in the photographer's archives on which to draw for compiling their lists of wanted men. The pocket-sized volumes were clearly intended to be carried by police detectives in the field, the duplicates ensuring that a portrait could always be handed out to an informer, if necessary. Appert's well-known portrait of Louis Auguste Blanqui is not present, as the man whom Marx identified as the leader the Commune lacked was already in jail (where he would stay until 1879). On the other hand, the police was on the lookout for Bakunin, who in fact was hiding in Switzerland and did not participate in the Commune. - Spines very lightly rubbed, but an extremely attractive, unique ensemble. A provenance note on the flyleaf, dated 1909, states that the owner inherited the set from his aunt, the widow of Edmond de Nervaux, a high-ranking police officer during the uprising who rose to Chief of Police in November 1871.
¶ Cf. Stéphanie Sotteau Soualle, "Ernest Appert (1831-1890), un précurseur d'Alphonse Bertillon en matière de photographie judiciaire?", in: Pierre Piazza, Aux origines de la police scientifique (Paris, 2011), pp. 54-69.



Lachâtre, Maurice, French journalist and publisher (1814-1900). Un épisode de la semaine infernale du 21... au 28 Mai 1871. Manuscript with autograph revisions signed. [Likely San Sebastián, Spain, autumn 1871]. [Likely San Sebastián, Spain, autumn 1871]. 8vo. 13 pp. on blue squared paper, written on rectos only.

A long, unpublished manuscript recounting the horrors of the "Semaine sanglante" of May 21st through 28th, 1871, which saw the defeat and collapse of the revolutionary government of Paris. Originally drafted as a preface to a never-published sequel volume to Lachâtre's 1870 "Nouvelle encyclopédie nationale", what the author conceived as an apology for the book's long delay constitutes a powerful first-hand account of the "Bloody Week" and of his own persecution. The manuscript is written in a scribal hand but is extensively revised in Lachâtre's own, characteristically graceful handwriting, showing his deletions, insertions and various textual changes on almost every page. Lachâtre describes the Communards' heroic resistance, in which women fought on the barricades alongside their husbands, brothers and sons against the vastly more numerous and better equipped army. He deplores the atrocities which the Communards, too, committed in their desperation (such as the execution of no fewer than 123 clergymen and gendarmes who had been taken hostage), but his emphasis is clearly on the indiscriminate, ruthless cruelty with which the invading soldiers slaughtered men, women and children, the decrepit and infants alike, if they suspected them of any connection at all with the Commune: "Les Versaillais massacrent, fusillent, percent de leurs sabres - baïonnettes et par milliers tous ceux qui leur tombent sous leur main, innocents ou coupables, hommes et femmes, enfants et vieillards; la vapeur du sang les énivre, la soif de la vengeance les pousse à chercher de nouvelles victimes; ils parcourent les rues, envahissent les maisons, fouillent les demeures des citoyens, arrachent de leur lit les malades, tuent tous ceux qu'ils soupçonnent avoir été partisans de la Commune [...] Ceux là sont conduits par files innombrables, prisonniers de tous les âges, hommes et femmes, des mères tenant de petits enfants par la main, quelques unes allaitant un nouveau-né; ces longues files de victimes enchaînées vont s'engouffrer dans les cours des casernes dont les portes se referment avec un bruit lugubre, et où toutes sont massacrées, toutes, jusqu'à la dernière!!!" - Lachâtre himself barely escaped into hiding before a platoon of soldiers arrived looking for him and his associate Félix Pyat (1810-89), with whom he had published the radical papers "Le Combat" and "Le Vengeur": "Se décida à abondonner la place, laissant chez lui deux femmes, deux jeunes filles dont une de dix ans à peine, son enfant. Dans la maison se trouvait également le caissier de la librairie, M. Profilet, vieillard inoffensif, qui jamais ne s’était occupé de politique [...] On était au mercredi, 22 mai! Vers les deux heures de l’après-midi, moins d’une demi-heure après le départ du citoyen Maurice La Châtre, la maison est envahie par une troupe de soldats [...] Après une heure de mortelles angoisses pour le pauvre caissier, il est lui-même emmené prisonnier! Mr. Profilet était porteur d’une montre en or avec sa chaîne, et d’une somme de 400 fr en pièces d’or, quand il fut enlevé de sa maison… Où fut-il conduit par les soldats de 55e de ligne? Quel a été le sort réservé à ce vieillard inoffensif, absolument innocent de tout acte insurrectionnel? C’est ce que ni sa famille, ni ses amis n’ont jamais su! [...] Nous vous devions le récit de ces évènements, chers lecteurs [...] A vous, aimables lectrices, à vous, chers lecteurs, amis connus et inconnus, l’auteur adresse de la terre d’exil de salut fraternel". - Slight paper flaws to bottom edge of the final leaf, otherwise very well preserved. At the head of the first page, Lachâtre has inscribed the manuscript to his longtime collaborator Félix Pyat: "Maurice LaChâtre à Félix Pyat". A diplomatic transcription of the full text is available upon request.


Property is Theft!

Proudhon, P[ierre] J[oseph]. Qu'est-ce que la proprieté? ou Recherches sur le... principe du droit et du gouvernement. Premier mémoire. Paris, J.-F. Brocard, 1840. Paris, J.-F. Brocard, 1840. 12mo. XII, 244 pp. Contemporary gilt green half calf with marbled covers with giltstamped spine.

Rare first edition of Proudhon's first and best-known publication ("What is Property? or, Investigations on the Principle of Law and Government"), in which he famously coined the phrase, "property is theft". By "property", Proudhon understood the sovereign right of property, "to use and abuse", which he contrasted with property as including the rights of liberty, equality, and security. Proudhon did not object to exclusive possession of labor-made wealth, but respected private property as an integral part of liberty, and insisted: "La propriété, c'est la liberté" ("property is freedom"). - The present volume, announced as "premier mémoire" on the title page, was followed by the author's "Lettre à M. Blanqui sur la propriété. Deuxieme mémoire" in 1841, while his "Avertissement aux propriétaires, ou, Lettre à M. Considérant sur une défense de la propriété" is often referred to as the "troisième mémoire". - While a census of the present first edition shows copies in 16 libraries internationally, it proved unobtainable for most of the great collections of Socialist literature; indeed, a number of auction and collection catalogues erroneously refer to the 1841 edition (Paris, à la Librairie de Prévot) as the first (cf. exhibition cat. "Geschichte des Sozialismus in Erst- und Originalausgaben", Vienna 1926; Antiquariat S. Martin Fraenkel, cat. 68 "Sozialismus" [1927], citing the 1841 edition as the "first edition, of the utmost rarity"; similarly in Antiquariat Sauer & Keip, cat. 8 [1961]: 1841 ed. announced as the "extremely rare first edition"). - Lower hinge professionally repaired. Interior somewhat browned and brownstained due to paper. An appealing copy from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015), a specialist in economic, commercial and insolvency law.
¶ Nettlau 17. Stammhammer I, 192, 58. OCLC 10833436. Cf. Strub II, 223; Kress C 5621; Goldsmith 32493 (1841 ed. only); Social Liberation 5599 (1867 ed. only). Einaudi 4570 ("Nouvelle édition" of 1880 only). G. Stavenhagen, Proudhon, in: HDSW 8, S. 638 ff. (citing 1841 ed. as the first).


Inscribed: the first practical statement of socialist doctrine

Owen, Robert. A New View of Society; or, essays on... the formation of the human character preparatory to the developement [!] of a plan for gradually ameliorating the condition of mankind. Fourth edition. London, Longman, Hurst, Ress [...], 1818. London, Longman, Hurst, Ress [...], 1818. 8vo. VIII, 176 pp. Modern half calf over red marbled covers with gilt label to spine.

Fourth edition, inscribed by Owen: "To Mrs. Smith with the kind regards of the author". - The book, which has been called "the first practical statement of socialist doctrine" (PMM), consists of four parts: an introductory essay, a second essay in which the principles are developed "and applied to practice", a third essay in which the principles are "applied to a particular situation", and a final essay in which the principles are "applied to government". The four essays were originally issued separately in 1813-14 and together for the first time in 1816 (as a "second edition"), and again in 1817. "[T]he vitality of the word 'socialism', first coined by Owen about 1835, is testimony to the enduring value of his work" (PMM). - Pencil and blue crayon markings on a very limited number of pages. Cancelled stamp of the "Centraal Bureau voor Sociale Adviezen" on title, with traces of an erased previous ownership (slight damage to paper not affecting text). A good, crisp and wide-margined copy.
¶ NLW p. 1. Kress C. 137. Cf. Stammhammer I, 166, 58. PMM 271.


A truly positive social science

Saint-Simon, Henri de. Mémoire sur la science de l'homme. Manuscript signed... ("Henry de St Simon"), possibly not in the author's own hand. [Paris, at end:] "Rue des maçons Sorbonne, chez Didot, imprimeur de la faculté de médecine", [1813]. [Paris, at end:] "Rue des maçons Sorbonne, chez Didot, imprimeur de la faculté de médecine", [1813]. Folio (205 x 315 mm). Manuscript on paper. 120 leaves in a well legible hand, sewn in gatherings with handwritten title to reinforced first leaf. Stored in a custom-made modern marbled slipcase.

First, manuscript edition, of the utmost rarity. Saint-Simon wrote his "Mémoire" at a time of utter poverty and could not afford to have his text printed; instead, he let the publisher Didot prepare a number of manuscript copies. They were sent to some 30 "outstanding philosophers and physicians". The book is an attempt to develop a truly positive social science based upon the methods of the natural sciences. Saint-Simon believed that society could be understood by examining its underlying natural laws, the resulting social science would supposedly be capable of constructing a perfect society. His arguments for the scientific organization of society have been seen as "the first example of pure socialism [...] understood as an economic system in which production is entirely carried on in common and the fruits of labour distributed according to some ideal standard" (R. T. Ely). Saint-Simon uses material collected by the physiologist and anatomist Félix Vicq-d'Azyr to argue that there is no specific quality in the human species, either a soul or a superior intelligence, that marks a fundamental difference between himself and the animal world. The specific solidarity of mankind is solely due to man's physical organization, and because human civilization is subject to a natural law of development, the past terms of which are to be known by close study, while the terms of the future can be spelled out. The text was first printed in 1858 in a collection with the "Physiologie religieuse d’Enfantin" (Paris & Leipzig, Masson), and then again in the following year within Volume II of the "Œuvres choisies", with a list of some 30 known recipients of the original "Mémoire". The text of the manuscript departs variously from the printed text: for example, it includes the "Resumé", omitted from the first printed edition but included in the "Oeuvres choisies" (vol. II, p. 141). - Some (mostly marginal) repairs to first and last leaves, final leaf shows loss of a few words of text which have been supplied by a modern hand in pencil.
¶ Mazzone 29. Walch p. 28 (listing MS 578 at the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle) and no. 82 (mentioning copies in the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal and the Bibliothèque Thiers). Fournel p. 13 (misdated "1811"). Dolléans & Crozier 6. Stammhammer I, 214, 53. Booth p. 24-30.


The first book-form publication of the "Marseillaise"

Rouget de Lisle, [Claude] Joseph. Essais en vers et en prose. Paris, P. Didot l'aîné, 1796. Paris, P. Didot l'aîné, 1796. 8vo. (4), 157, (1) pp. With engraved plate and 5 pp. of engraved notes. Half calf (ca 1900) with giltstamped spine title. Marbled endpapers.

First edition. - Pages 57 through 59 contain the first publication in book form of the Marseillaise, here entitled "Le chant des combats, vulgairement l'hymne des Marseillois". Since April 1792 the famous song had circulated only in numerous broadsheets. The additional steel-engraved frontispiece shows revolutionaries singing. - Binding insignificantly rubbed. A wide-margined copy, slightly foxed, occasionally cut somewhat roughly. The front endpaper contains a handwritten hymn to the "Marseillaise" by A. de Beauchesne.
¶ Cioranescu 54246. Martin/W. 29996.


The first printing of a famous Mozart cantata

Ziegenhagen, Franz Heinrich. Lehre vom richtigen Verhältnisse zu den Schöpfungswerken, und... die durch öffentliche Einführung derselben allein zu bewürkende allgemeine Menschenbeglückung [...] Mit 8 Kupfert. von D. Chodowiecki, und einer Musik von W. A. Mozart. Hamburg, (Ziegenhagen), 1792. Hamburg, (Ziegenhagen), 1792. 8vo. (10), 633 pp. With engr. frontispiece, 1 large folding engraved plate, and 6 engr. plates by Daniel Chodowiecki as well as a folded musical supplement (8 engraved pages of notes on 4 folding plates) by W. A. Mozart. Contemp. half calf with giltstamped label to richly gilt spine.

Rare first edition of one of the principal early works of utopian socialism, at the same time the first printing of the famous Mozart cantata "Die ihr des unermeßlichen Weltalls Schöpfer ehrt". - Ziegenhagen had amassed a considerable fortune as a cloth merchant before founding an agricultural reform colony in Billwerder near Hamburg in 1788. In his present work Ziegenhagen recommends building further colonies of this kind, based on common property, careful planning and collective life, which were to ensure their residents freedom, social security and general abundance. Ziegenhagen appealed to the gentry, wealthy citizens and the French convent to support his plans. - Excellent copy, entirely untrimmed on two edges, in an attractive contemporary binding, clean and spotless throughout. Endpapers and cover paper restored around 1910 by Ferdinand Bakala, probably Vienna's greatest bookbinder of the time. - Very rare, in contrast to the later editions.
¶ Lanck./Oehler II, 119-120 and 214. Rümann 1299. Schröder 4549, 1. Bauer 1551-54. Engelmann 664-667. Mozart: KV 619. RISM M 4161. Wolfstieg 4161. Not in Menger or Kress.