First Arabic edition of an important eyewitness account of the life of Tamerlane
1

Ahmad ibn Muhammad (ibn 'Arabshah). [Kitab 'Aja'ib al-maqdur fi aghbar Timur] Vitae &... rerum gestarum Timuri, qui vulgo Tamerlanes dicitur, historia. Leiden, Elsevier, 1636. Leiden, Elsevier, 1636. 4to. (8), 448 pp. With half-title printed in dark blue and red, title-page printed in red and black within woodcut borders and and leaf *3 printed in red, dark blue, and black. Later stiff paper wrappers, manuscript title on spine.

EUR 25,000.00

First Arabic edition of an important eyewitness account of the life of Tamerlane (Timur), the successful and barbaric 14th-century Turkish conqueror, printed entirely in Arabic. "An interesting feature of the book is the use of blue ink for the printing of the word 'Tamerlanis' (between two red lines) on the half-title, as well as for one typographical ornament on leaf 3 recto" (Smitskamp). The text is based on the original Arabic manuscript, completed in 1437-1438, by the Syrian author Ahmad lbn 'Arabshah, secretary of Sultan Ahmad of Baghdad. In the 16th century Timur was made famous in Europe through Christopher Marlowe's play Tamburlaine (1590). The present work was edited and prefaced by Jacob Golius. The Arabic manuscript used by him is still preserved at Leiden University library and contains many notes in his hand. A French translation by Pierre Vattier appeared in 1658. - With an unidentified library stamp on the title-page. Some leaves heavily foxed and a few small spots. Overall a good copy.
¶ De Nave 90. Fück 81f. Lambrecht 1774. Schnurrer 166. Smitskamp 313. STCN (8 copies). Willems 434. Not in Atabey or Blackmer.

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Dos-à-dos friendship album, with an entry in Chinese by the famous traveller Schmalkalden
2

Album amicorum. Dos-à-dos double album of Anton Günther Kirchberger and... his son Johann Günther Kirchberger. Augsburg, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Gießen, Hamburg, Jena, Tübingen, Magdeburg and other places, 1608 to 1660s. Augsburg, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Gießen, Hamburg, Jena, Tübingen, Magdeburg and other places, 1608 to 1660s. 8vo. A total of 488 ff. with 382 entries, 54 coloured coats of arms (some raised in gilt), 3 costume illustrations, 2 allegorical illustrations, 1 coloured drawing and 1 lightly coloured pen-and-ink sketch. - I: 219 ff. with 218 entries, including 32 coats of arms (one on the reverse of the loose marbled endpaper), 2 costume illustrations (a fragmented), 1 allegorical illustration and 1 example of musical notes (f. 208). - II: 269 ff. with 164 entries, 22 coats of arms, 1 costume illustration (Livonian peasant couple, f. 220), 1 coloured landscape, 1 allegorical illustration, 1 pen-and-ink drawing, party coloured (2 Chinese costumes, inscribed in Kanji, f. 266). Dos-à-dos binding in full brown calf over wooden boards with owners' initials ("AGKAT" and "IGKLT") within giltstamped borders.

EUR 25,000.00

Anton Günther Kirchberger (b. 1588, d. after 1652) began this album around the age of 20 (adding a full-page autobiographical introduction in later years). He served as municipal secretary and court clerk in Langensalza (Thuringia) from 1619 to 1632, later entering the services of Duke Wilhelm IV and Duke Ernst I of Saxony-Gotha. The second album, which is bound dos-à-dos with the first, belongs to his son, Johann Günther Kirchberger (1628-1674), consistorial secretary in Gotha. In 1666 he married Elisabetha Sophia Marterseck, née. Glass. As the second album is dated "1650" on the cover, it is likely that Anton Günther Kirchberger was respondible for having this unique double friendship album bound: the leaves of the first album have been slightly trimmed by the binder (with insignificant losses to some letters near the edges). - Anton Günther's album is remarkable chiefly for the great number of Gießen scholars who count among the University's founding professors: the theologian Balthasar Mentzer (1565-1627), hailed as as "father of the University of Gießen", and the anatomist Gregor Horst (1578-1636), but also the classicist and Lutheran theologian Johann Debelius (1540-1610), the theologian Gregor Schönfeld the elder (1565-1627), Heinrich XVIII "the Read-Headed" Reuß zu Obergreiz (1563-1616; with coloured coat of arms), Johann Caspar Baron Schönburg-Penig (1594-1644; with coloured coat of arms), Johann Stephan Count Auersperg (1594-1620), Andreas III Baron Auersperg (1597-1632), the brothers Sigismund Friedrich Baron Herberstein (b. ca 1595) and Christoph Leopold Graf von Herberstein (1593-1667; with coloured coat of arms; a third member of the family, Georg Andreas von Herberstein, was previously unrecorded), and Simon Malfius (1585-1648), the statesman and chancellor of the Magdeburg Abbey, who had travelled 5000 miles in diplomatic capacities, including visits to Vienna and Denmark, and Ehrenreich von Weltzer (1589-1623), son of the like-named Ehrenreich Welzer (1560-1606) and nephew of the later commander of Vienna and Neustadt, Bernhard von Welzer (1573-1636). - Among the entries in the second album, that of Caspar Schmalkalden (1616-73) stands out: having visited South America and East India as a soldier in the Dutch army, he had authored an account of his journeys containing valuable geographical and ethnological observations with descriptions of the flora and fauna. Schmalkalden's entry is decorated with a gifted ink sketch of two Chinese men in local costume, inscribed in Chinese.
¶ W. Klose, "Stammbücher - eine kulturhistorische Betrachtung", Bibliothek und Wissenschaft, 1982, vol. 16, p. 65ff., containing an extensive discussion of this album with a special focus on university history. - R. Seeberg-Elverfeld, Revaler Eintragungen im Stammbuch des Johann Günther Kirchberger, in: Ostdt. Familienkunde, vol. 7 (1974-1976), pt. 2.

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3

Andersen, Hans Christian, Danish poet (1805-1875). Autograph letter signed. [Denmark], 31. III. 1870. [Denmark], 31. III. 1870. 8vo. 2 pp.

EUR 18,000.00

To General Christensen, in Danish. Andersen states that it has been a "peculiar pleasure" to make his correspondent's acquaintance, remarking "There are men to whom we feel drawn at once at the first meetings, and who become dear to us, and you are such a man. It is wonderful to me to think of, that we will probably never meet again, for I don't think I will ever come to America, although I am certainly not wanting in the desire". The author further adds that he promised Christensen's wife a small bouquet, "but the flowers must be fresh; it is the colour grouping that has an effect, if the flowers are dried the effect is mostly gone. I must therefore choose such colours that will keep best, but the appearance at best is not promising; yet it is flowers and greens from Danish soil, and my cordial greeting, and remembrance of the land of your birth, you must take as an evidence of my sincere good will" and also writes "You will soon depart for the great land beyond the ocean, bring my friends, old and young, my heartfelt love, and if you meet Mr. Marcus Spring and his wife Rebecca, remember me to them [...] Remember me also to the publishers of the Riverside Magazine and my dear friend there, Mr. Horace C. Scudder [...]". - Accompanied by a contemporary English translation in the hand of Christensen and also including an A.L.S. by Christensen, two pages, 8vo, Copenhagen, 7th April 1903, to Miss. M. D. Holliday in Brooklyn, New York, in English. Christensen states that he is anxious to meet his correspondent's wishes, as a proof of his friendship, and sends her "a letter which I received [from] Hans Christian Andersen more than 32 years ago, on my first visit to my native city after 20 years absence", further commenting "It is a valuable memento indeed - the signatures of the roy[al?] persons are very difficult, almost impossible to obtain [...] But Andersen's letter is worth them all!" - Marcus Spring (1810-1874) American Cotton Merchant, creator of the Raritan Bay Union, a utopian community in New Jersey. Husband of Rebecca Buffum (1812-1911) from 1836. - Horace Scudder (1838-1902) American Man of Letters and Editor, best known for his children's books. - All three letters are slightly worn to the edges, evidently a result of them having been removed from an album, only very slightly affecting a few words of text, but not the signatures.

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4

Après de Mannevillette, Jean-Baptiste d'. Routier des côtes des Indes Orientales et de... la Chine. Paris, Ch. J. B. Delespine, 1745. Paris, Ch. J. B. Delespine, 1745. Large 4to (203 x 260 mm). (6), LVIII, 254, (2) pp. Title-page printed in red and black. With an engraved headpiece. Contemporary full calf, spine rebacked and gilt to style. Leading edges gilt, all edges sprinkled in red. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 4,500.00

Extremely rare pilot guide to the East Indies, reduced to a single quarto volume from the author's great "Neptune Oriental", published simultaneously. One of the greatest maritime atlases in the history of French cartography, the "Neptune" was devoted to exotic regions (the Middle East including the Gulf, the African coasts, the Indian Ocean and East Indies, Southeast Asia, parts of the Chinese coast, and the Pacific islands). It was compiled by Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Denis d'Après de Mannevillette (1707-80), hydrographer to the French Navy, supported by the French East India Company and the Académie des Sciences. "It was at once hailed as a major achievement and welcomed by navigators throughout the world" (Cat. Nat. Mar. Mus.). Of the present text-only reduction, OCLC lists no more than nine copies worldwide, only one of which in the the U.S. (University of Chicago). - Corners bumped; modern spine gilt in 18th-century style. A good, wide-margined copy. Provenance: 1) From the library of Sir Francis Lindley Wood, 2nd Baronet, of Barnsley (1771-1846), with his bookplate on the pastedown. 2) By descent to his son Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax (1800-85), sometime Chancellor of the Exchequer, with handwritten ownership on the flyleaf. As President of the Board of Control of the English East India Company, Sir Charles Wood was instrumental in spreading education in India. 3) Acquired from the Portuguese trade.
¶ Jöcher/Adelung II, 622. OCLC 41102601. Not in Cordier (Sinica), Brunet, Graesse, etc.

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5

Balzac, Honoré de, French writer (1799-1850). Autograph letter signed ("de Balzac"). No place, [February 1835]. No place, [February 1835]. 8vo. 2 pp. on bifolium.

EUR 14,000.00

Letter of recommendation to Baron Gérard for the Swiss painter Louis-Aimé Grosclaude: "J'ai vu hier un artiste dont le nom n'est pas encore célèbre en France quoiqu' il ait beaucoup de talent, c'est M. Gros-Claude de Genève. Il désire, avec cette ferveur qu' inspire votre talent, vous faire voir ses tableaux qu' il expose au musée. J'ai osé faire les honneurs de votre bienveillance, et il doit venir vous les apporter entre midi et une heure aujourd' hui, car le terme de rigueur expire demain pour l'admission; il n'a rien autre chose à vous demander que votre avis, et celui de mademoiselle Godefroid. Il est grand ami de Schnetz et professe pour vous cette admiration que nous avons tous [...]" ("Yesterday I saw an artist whose name is not famous in France yet, although he has great talent, it is M. Gros-Claude of Geneva. He desires [...] to show you his paintings, which he exhibits at the museum [...] he has nothing else to ask of you but your opinion, and that of Mademoiselle Godefroid. He is a great friend of Schnetz [...]"). - Louis-Aimé Grosclaude (1784-1882) was a student of Jean-Baptiste Regnault, and exhibited at the Salon de Paris since 1833. Balzac had made his acquaintance in Geneva the previous year. Gerard was to write to Balzac that Grosclaude was "quite simply a man of talent". - Contemporary numbering in upper left corner. In excellent condition.
¶ Published in: Balzac, Correspondance I, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, no. 35-21.

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6

[Beijing, Shanghai, Chongquing & Hangzhou]. Photograph album. Beijing, Shanghai, Chongquing & Hangzhou, late 19th / early 20th century. Beijing, Shanghai, Chongquing & Hangzhou, late 19th / early 20th century. Large oblong folio (470 x 308 mm). Contemporary half-sheepskin album of 119 photographs. Various sizes; largest 278 x 216 mm.

EUR 14,000.00

A photograph album, comprising 119 photographs, some of a personal nature and showing the life of the Schröder family and their friends in China, for example at their Shanghai residence at Bubbling Well Road (now Nanjingxi Road) and during their travels in Hangzhou and through the Three Gorges to Chongqing, including an image of the Confucius Temple in Chongqing and several of the cliff dwellings in the gorges. These photographs are particularly poignant as many of the landmarks and sceneries here shown are now submerged due to the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. There are also professional photographs taken by Thomas Child (1841-98), including several shots of the Beijing Observatory. - Some foxing throughout, mainly confined to margins. Spine flaws and extremeties professionally repaired. Provenance: From the collection of Johannes Gottfried William Schröder (1870-1942). Born in India, the brother of the German poet Rudolf Alexander Schröder grew up in Bremen, trained as a merchant and visited India, China, Japan, and America. He established his own business in Shanghai in 1906. His intimate knowledge of East Asia led him to embrace the philosophy of anthroposophy.

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7

Buck, Pearl S., American novelist, Nobel Prize winner (1892-1973). Autograph manuscript signed twice ("P. S. B."). No place, ca. March 1941. No place, ca. March 1941. 4to. 9 pp. on 9 ff.

EUR 18,000.00

A series of book reviews for Asia magazine. First comes a brief note on "The autobiography of Jawaharlal Nehru [...] entitled Toward Freedom [...] the new edition, which contains a valuable new chapter that brings it up to date [...]". With Buck's "Asia Column", a book review, in which she writes, "Out of the Night, by Jan Valtin, is a book like none other that has ever been written. It is difficult to define exactly its unique quality and significance, but it has both these. The material is not in itself new. It is, superficially, the story of a German communist who was sent to work in underground activities for communism in many countries [...] among which were the United States and China. The book contains no propaganda. It is the story of a man so shaped by the circumstances of his time [...] that he was captured by communism [...] [For Communism] might be substituted almost any other impersonal power which has laid hold of human individuals and used them and dehumanized them [...]". - After a discussion of the book's contents, she concludes that "It all makes a book which everyone ought to read who believes in the dignity of the individual [...]". She next turns to "Workers Before And After Lenin by Manya Gordon [...] an examination into the conditions of the Russian labor for the last fifty years, and a comparison of the conditions of working people in that country now [...] The book begins with an account of the gains which labor was making before the revolution [...]". Rebelling against oppression and exploitation, "[...] The unions did not at once realize that they would be in exactly the same relation to the Soviet government as they were to their former capitalist employers [...] with one difference. Under the old system they could strike and arbitrate and negotiate. Under the new regime they lost all such rights [...]". She writes of the author's conclusion, "[...] If she is right and if the people of Russia are once more fighting for liberty [...] it brings them back into the world of peoples [...]". She reviews two other works more briefly, "Chinese Homes and Gardens [...] a joy to possess [...]" and "The Maori People Today", a collection of symposium essays. She notes that "[...] it has been taken for granted that the white man in New Zealand has treated the Maori with unusual justice and mercy [...]" but the collection shows there was "[...] no unusual goodness on the part of the white conquerors [...]". - Buck signs her initials after each of these last two reviews, the first in pencil. With numerous pencil and ink revisions. All pages stapled together in upper left corner. Binder holes at left edge. Age-toned, especially at edges, with some breaks in binder holes of first page, otherwise in very good condition.

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8

[China]. Photograph album. China, 1910-1917. China, 1910-1917. Oblong folio (306 x 252 mm). Contemporary half leather album of 230 photographs (average size 9 x 12 cm).

EUR 18,000.00

A remarkable collection of photographs showing China during the 1910s, the vast majority captioned in English. They include Shanghai, the Yangtze River, life outside Shanghai, Hong Kong, the River Canton, the canal between Shameen and Canton City, Canton, the five-storey pagodas and graveyards outside the Canton walls, Cheefo, Wei-hai-Wei, old Taku Forts and junks on the Pei-ho River, Changli station, Pei-tai-ho, Chien-Meng gate in Beijing, Chien-Men, the wall of Beijing, shelter for man guarding crops, kiaolang and soya crop near Beijing, the Beijing bell tower, the Race Club, yew trees, Temple of Heaven, the Pagoda at Yu-Chuan-Shan near Beijing, the Terracotta Pagoda and hills east of Beijing, the hills west of Yu Chuan-Pu, camel-back bridge in the gardens of Ya Choan-Shan, temples and lake in the summer palace, the Lama Temple courtyard in Beijing, the Pond Summer Palace, the Marble Bridge Summer Palace, looking up beginning of Pass Kalgar, foot of pass: carts and bullocks, the great wall on hills, camels waiting to be loaded at foot of pass, the riverbed forming a road; ascending the Nantow Pass, Messrs. Brisker, Hawkshaw and Horsely with the Lama Temple in the background, a view from the train near Kalgar, Men-Tou-Kou, a coal mine near Beijing, the Shan-Hai-Kwan hills, junks, fishing boats, a bluff seen from the harbour, Chinwantao, the old walled town on way to Hot Springs, the Great Wall of China at Shan-Hai-Twam, a steamer going down the river, a pontoon bridge to a Russian concession, Peizus waiting on tee to take passengers down the river, gardens, the Tientsin Club and station, the Tientsin Golf course, a fire at Liddell Bros., British soldiers leaving Tientsin for Tsingtau, international manoeuvres at Tientsin (spring 1914) showing Russian, British, French, Japanese, German troops, an icebreaker at Tientsin, the river near Canton, inside the Forbidden City of Beijing, Tai-Ho-Tien Forbidden City, a grotto temple near Shan-hai-Kwan, 13 photographs of Japan, a dam in the course of construction (Li-Shu-Shcen), the Regent Emperor (12th July 1917), Manchu troops in Beijing, zthe funeral of Yuan Shih-Kai in 1916, northern troops outside Tung Hua, Chang Siens soldiers, a flooded Chinese city, as well as eight photographs of Russia. - Album bumped at extremeties and lacks spine, a few leaves loose but interior very well preserved altogether.

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9

[China]. Photograph album. China, ca. 1919-41. China, ca. 1919-41. Oblong folio (440 x 292 mm). Contemporary cloth album of 535 photographs. Various sizes, ranging from 5 x 5 to 13 x 22 cm.

EUR 12,500.00

A vast trove of photographs showing China throughout the 1920s and 1930s to the early 1940s, mostly captioned. Includes views of Beijing, the Summer Palace, canal, gardens, moat, Imperial Ancestral Temple, Pei Hai from the West, T'Ang Shan & Hei-Lung T'An (1922), Shih-Ching-Shan, Dagoba, Iron Cow, Goddess Kwan-Yin, Beijing 1940 P'ai Lou, Wang-Fu-Chin Ta Chieh, the funerals of Feng-Kuo-Chang and of Prince Pu Lun, Pei-Hai in winter, General Chang-Tso-Lin retreating from Beijing and Chian-Kai-Shek's troops entering in 1928, Shansi troops entering Beijing, celebrations of the Nanjing government taking over Beijing, skating on Pei Hai, aeroplanes, the Yellow Temple in Beijing, scenes at the Liu-Li-Ch'Ang Fair at New Year 1941, masked dancers at the Devil's Dance, Lama Temple, Chinese Games Beijing, the Princess Tomb near Beijing, Coal Hill, Beijing Club and Skating Rink, Europeans in Beijing 1937-40, Beijing Golf Club, Pa-Pao-Shan Course (1939), skating on the Pei-Hai, the West and North Gate, the Great Wall, house at 32 Ta Juan Fu Hut'Ung (1921), the British Embassy at Beijing, the Pagoda at Pa-Li-Chuang, Nian-Niagn-Miao Temple, Lung-Men-Ssu, Chien T'ai Ssu, Miao-Feng-Shan (1922), Pei-Hai and Dragon Screen, the Western Hills on the way to Miao-Feng-Shan (1932), the Citroen Haardt Trans-Asiatic Expedition, the Seann Expedition to Jehol ("up Nankou Pass by six wheeler 1930"), the bridge at Mi-Yun-Hsien, the Chin-Shih-Ling Pass, Ku-Pei-K'ou, the Potola Jehol, palace grounds, General T'Ang-Yu-Lin Governor of Jehol Province, officers of Jehol Army 1930, "to Shih-Chia-Chuang by Road with Major Lovat-Fraser 1929", Nank'ou Pass and Great Wall (October 1919), Ming Tombs, P'ai Lou, temples and fortress at Shih-Ching-Shan, Shan-Hai-Kuan views on the Shih-Ho, Grotto temple, Europeans and landscape at Shan-Hai-Kuan, ruins of Yen-Ming-Yuen, Beijing, destroyed by Anglo-French troops in 1860, the River Temple, "to Chai-T'ang with A. O. Buckingham 1919", Yung-T'ing Ho, Fo-Tzu-Ling, Pei-T'ai Ho (1938), the River Temple at Shan-Hai-Kuan, the Tower and Ocean Palace at Beijing, camels bringing coal to Beijing, etc. Also includes 7 loose photos of Ming tombs and 9 of ornate antique Chinese furniture, along with 24 photographs of the Phillippines and 16 of Japan. Finely preserved.

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Unique and previously unknown: a founding document of communism
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Engels, [Friedrich] / Schapper, Karl. Der Congreß an den Bund. (London, 15 December "1848" [recte: 1847]). (London, 15 December "1848" [recte: 1847]). 8vo. 8 pp. Disbound; Japanese paper spine. Stored in custom-made red half morocco solander case.

EUR 450,000.00

The only known copy of this founding document of communism, the final stepping stone towards the Communist Manifesto. The eight-page leaflet is a circular addressed to the “Bund der Kommunisten” (“Communist League”) by the participants of its second and final congress. The League, a revolutionary, socialist secret society, had been formed but a few months previously as a successor to the “Bund der Gerechten” (the “League of the Just”). The pioneering new name was adopted under the guidance of its new members Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels at the League’s first congress, held in London from June 2 through 9, 1847. Their ideas re-framed the League as an international organization with a coherent programme. Although the League would be formally disbanded in 1852, it is considered the precursor of the International Workingmen’s Association, the first Marxist political party, and the nucleus of all later communist parties. - The League’s second congress was held in Brussels from November 29 to December 8, half a year after the first. On both occasions the respective accounts were published under the heading "Der Congreß an den Bund": the former on June 9 and the present, latter one on December 15 (“1848” being a misprint for 1847). No copies of either of these two publications are recorded in library catalogues or in the usual bibliographical reference works. Only one or two copies of the circular of the First Congress are known: one in the estate of the Hamburg socialist and “Bund” member Joachim Friedrich Martens (SUB Hamburg, acquired in 1912); the other, apparently, in the Stiftung Archiv der Parteien und Massenorganisationen der DDR im Bundesarchiv (formerly in the Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus beim Zentralkomitee der SED, but not currently listed in the SAPMO’s catalogues). While this first circular was republished in 1969 (in Bert Andréas’s collection "Gründungsdokumente des Bundes der Kommunisten"), the present circular of the Second Congress has so far remained unknown to scholarship. As the Bund was still a secret society, the first circular was pseudonymously signed “Heide (Sekretär)” and “Karl Schill (Präsident)”, standing for Wilhelm Wolff and Karl Schapper, respectively. While the name of Schapper, the president, is given undisguised in the present second circular, it may therefore be more than a simple typographical error that the secretary’s name is here rendered as “J. Engels”. - In his article "On the History of the Communist League", written and published in 1885, nearly four decades after the event, Engels provides what has become the received version of the genesis of the Communist Manifesto: “[at the Second Congress Marx] expounded the new theory in a fairly long debate [...] All contradiction and doubt were finally set at rest, the new basic principles were unanimously adopted, and Marx and I were commissioned to draw up the Manifesto”. It is reasonable that Engels’s account should be a retrospective condensation of a more complicated process, albeit one of which few contemporary documents have survived. Interestingly, the use of the term "Manifest der kommunistischen Partei" is not entirely consistent throughout the circular: it is stated that a work so titled, which was to replace the "Communist Creed" passed at the First Congress, had already been compiled, drafted, translated into various languages, and even enacted (p. 1 f.), but had yet to be published. Also, it was decided at the Congress that such a "Manifesto" should appear annually in various languages (p. 7). The "Manifesto" of 1847 is said to have been drafted by taking into account all suggestions submitted by members of the League (p. 7); it is also said already to have given the Communist movement its proper expression (p. 2). The present circular as here published is referred to as the "organ of the League in its new appearance" (p. 8), and the forthcoming issue thereof is promised to contain the text of the Manifesto, which all subscribers are asked to disseminate as widely as possible, as it is to embody a brief summary of the Party’s position and will serve as a guideline to the Party’s propaganda, proving to the world that the communists are aware of their own position, as of those of all other proletarian parties (p. 8). - These passages shed new light on the development of the famous text, fleshing out Engels’s compressed narrative. And yet his account remains fundamentally accurate: at the Second Congress Marx took on the assignment to develop the Communist Manifesto into a publishable text, working from whatever sources or previous drafts he may have had, and together with Engels completed the task within several weeks. This December 15 publication, giving the final account of the plans and decisions of the League before the publication of the "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei" two months later, just in time for the February Revolution of 1848, must be regarded as a founding document of Communism, recording the very moment when the great motor of the Manifesto was ignited. - It is very likely that this circular, the only known specimen in the world, was originally in the collection of a revolutionary who was - at least for a time - close to Marx: previously bound up with a collection of pamphlets apparently assembled by a German radical democrat in English exile (arguably Karl Blind, 1826-1907), including a first edition of "Herr Vogt" with Marx’s autograph corrections, it was removed from this volume for conservational reasons and is now stored within an acid-free portfolio.
¶ Not in Rubel, Stammhammer, Erstdrucke Marx Engels etc. No copies recorded in OCLC or KVK. Not in the 700-page catalogue of the books owned by Marx and Engels published in MEGA.

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With an autograph letter signed by Fourier
11

Fourier, Charles. Traité de l'association domestique-agricole. (Includes:) Sommaire du traité... de l'association domestique-agricole ou attraction industrielle. Paris, London, Bossange père, P. Mongie ainé, M. Bossange et Comp., 1822-1823. Paris, London, Bossange père, P. Mongie ainé, M. Bossange et Comp., 1822-1823. 8vo. 3 vols. LXIV, 592 pp. VIII, 648 pp. (2), 8, 8B-8E, 9-16, (1329)-1398, B1398-1398E, 1399-1448, (1) pp. Contemporary green half calf, spine gilt in compartments, gilt lettering, corners, gilt fillets on sides (some very light browning, first four leaves of the second work with a dampstain in the lower outer blank corner).

EUR 35,000.00

First editions of Fourier's principal work, together with the very rare supplement. The first volume is signed by Fourier on verso of the half title. This is Fourier's most important work, containing "the essence of Fourier's doctrine" (D. O. Evans, Social Romanticism in France 1830-1848, p. 129.) The main thesis of the work is the discovery of "harmonie": the entire work endeavors to prove how this harmony can be established and how life and society should be designed so as to ensure success. In an attempt to garner further attention for his ideas, he published the "Sommaire du traité" in 1823, a supplement often lacking. Indeed, the work went virtually unnoticed. Although Fourier is often seen as a dreamer and fantasist, he anticipated Marx in many of his ideas: the theory of poverty and exploitation and their relation to the means of production can already be found with him, and the Marxist concept of the "all-round man" is an idea on which Fourier elaborately worked and which is the most important result of his "harmonie". Fourier was "emphatically a serious social thinker who contributed much of permanent value, not only to socialist and co-operative ideas, but also to the solution of the entire problem of work and of the incentives and human relations connected with it (cf. Kolakowsky, History of Marxism; Quack, de Socialisten, and G. D. H. Cole, A History of Socialist Thought). Numerous Fourierist communities were established, chiefly in the United States, where the way had been prepared by Robert Owen. Fourierism was introduced to the U.S. by Albert Brisbane, whose "Social Destiny of Man" appeared in 1840. Brisbane had studied in France under Fourier in 1834. In 1842 the New York Tribune, then edited by Horace Greeley, placed at his disposal a column in which for over a year he popularized Fourier's doctrines. - Contains, bound before the title page, the leaf "Instructions pour le Vendeur et l'Acheteur", and on the last page the "Appendice aux Conclusions" as well as two inserted quires, the first, B8-E8, containing "Banques Rurales", the second, B1398-1398E, "Carton à placer entre 1398 et 1399. Antienne du chap. III. La 4e phase de civilisation, I, 159". Extremely rare in this complete state, conforming with the details given by Del Bo. Bound in the "Sommaire" is an autograph letter signed by Charles Fourier, dated 9 Oct. 1836, written on paper of "La Réforme Industrielle ou Le Phalanstère" (2 pp. on bifolium with integral address panel, to Madame Caroline Thibaut, rue St. Victor, no. 76 in Paris). Fourier writes about his having met a lady friend of the recipient's: "[...] est une jolie femme, je m'en suis fort bien aperçu, et si j'avais eu 30 ans de moins je lui aurais dit ce que j'en pensais; mais j'ai trop à redouter que de pareils aveux ne soient indifferens à qui en serait l'objet [...]".
¶ I: Del Bo 5. Kress C.864. Goldsmiths 23694. Einaudi 1960 (both works). - II: Del Bo 6. Kress C.1060. Goldsmiths 23997.

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12

[Fourier, Charles]. Théorie des quatre mouvemens et des destinées générales.... Prospectus et annonce de la découverte. Leipzig [i. e. Lyons, Pelzin], 1808. Leipzig [i. e. Lyons, Pelzin], 1808. 8vo. (4), 425, (3) pp. With large folding table "Tableau du cours du mouvement social". Slightly later calf-backed marbled boards, flat back lettered in gilt, edges marbled to match boards.

EUR 12,500.00

First edition of the author's first book, containing the essence of his principle of Association (or the union between men), driven by universal human passionate attraction but hampered by the forces of civilization. According to Fourier, an important precursor to Marx, social harmony can only be based upon this principle, and he was convinced that material abundance would be its result. The application of this principle by his followers in various utopian communes was little successful, but the impact of Fourier's profound insight into human nature and civilization on social and socialist theory can hardly be underestimated. While Marx and Engels severely criticized Fourier's thought as unhistorical, they praised him for his attacks on 19th century moralism as "impuissance en action". - First and last leaves mildly duststained; marginal edge flaws to last and another leaf without affecting text.
¶ Del Bo p. 5. Kress B. 5351. Goldsmiths' 19750 (2 copies). Not in Einaudi. En français dans le texte 218.

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13

Francke, Johann. Veronica Theézans id est collatio Veronicae Europaeae cum... Theé Chinitico. Accedit mantissae loco coniectura de Alysso Dioscoridis ad virum magnificum D. D. Jo. Georgium Klosterbaur [...]. Leipzig & Coburg, Pfotenhauser (literis Pentzoldi Hilperh.), 1700. Leipzig & Coburg, Pfotenhauser (literis Pentzoldi Hilperh.), 1700. 12mo. (14), 158, (10) pp. With separate engraved title page and 3 engr. plates. Contemporary marbled boards with handwritten spine label. Edges sprinkled red.

EUR 3,500.00

Second edition (previously published in 1693). "Rare work on growing tea and on its application" (cf. Horn/A.). A comparative study by the physician Johann Francke zu Ehrenpreis from Ulm, examining Veronica officinalis (heath speedwell, or "European tea"), Chinese tea, and Alyssum, with illustrations of all three plants. The frontispiece shows a European and a Chinese with their respective native plants. - Lithographed Hungarian bookplate "Máriássy Ferencz Könyvtára" on flyleaf; Japanese bibliographical pencil notes on front pastedown.
¶ VD 17, 14:693722D. STC F 797. Krivatsy 4314. Wellcome III, 60. Pritzel 3022. Mueller 82. Horn/A. 133.

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To Emperor Guangxù
14

Grévy, Jules, President of the French Third Republic (1807-1891). Document signed. Paris, 6. VII. 1886. Paris, 6. VII. 1886. 622:473 mm. 1 page.

EUR 9,500.00

Large-format letter of recommendation to the Chinese Emperor Guangxù for Ernest Constans, former Minister of the Interior, who was to serve as ambassador to China in 1886-87 with a view to strengthening trade between the two countries.

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The "founder of modern international law" (PMM) to a 17th-century warlord
15

Grotius, Hugo, philosopher and jurist (1583-1645). Autograph letter signed ("H. de Groot"). Paris, 28 March 1642. Paris, 28 March 1642. 4to. ½ p. on folded double leaf. With autogr. address and traces of a seal.

EUR 15,000.00

To the Swabian military leader Christoph Martin von Degenfeld (1599-1653), under whom Grotius's son had served in the Swedish army and to whom Grotius pledges his allegiance: "Nous touts qui sommes icy, moi, les Dames, le filz et la fille remercions vostre Illustrete de la souvenance qu'elle a de nous: et la prions de croire que ce qui a manque au traittement deu a ses qualitez est supple par l'affection qui a este, est, et sera toujours tres sincere [...]". - Degenfeld, who had distinguished himself in Wallenstein's force, later fought for the Swedish side; after the Emperor's victory in 1634, he had to flee to Strasbourg. He became High General of foreign cavalry in French services, but fell out with Cardinal Richelieu in the year of this letter and entered Venetian service as Governor-General of Dalmatia and Albania. This is probably Degenfeld's new "lieu de repos" to which Grotius refers in his present letter. Grotius himself was at the time serving as Swedish ambassador in Paris; his principal work, "De jure belli ac pacis" (1625), laid the foundations for international law. - Letters from Grotius's hand are of the utmost rarity; the present one is the only one established at German auctions since 1950 (Robert Amman collection, Stargardt, 16 Nov. 1961, no. 353).

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Signed by the composer
16

Haydn, Joseph. Ariana a Naxos. Cantata a Voce Sola. Accompagnata... col Clavicembalo o Forte-Piano. London, John Bland for the author, [June 1791]. London, John Bland for the author, [June 1791]. Oblong folio (335 x 239 mm). 18 pp., engraved throughout Contemporary coloured paper wrappers. Signed by Haydn on the title page.

EUR 15,000.00

Termed the "original first edition" by Hoboken. A secular cantata composed around 1789, the first edition proper was published by Artaria in 1790. The publisher Bland had visited Haydn at Eszterháza; he was instrumental in bringing Haydn to London and provided his first lodging there in January 1791. "Arianna" was performed in London in February by the soprano castrato Gasparo Pacchierotti, with Haydn accompanying on the harpsichord: "On 18 February [1791] Haydn made his first appearance in a concert in which he accompanied his cantata 'Ariana a Naxos' on the pianoforte. The success was such that the cantata's performance needed to be repeated a few days later" (cf. Huss, p. 146f.). Haydn later would regarded the two periods he spent in the British capital (1791-92 and 1794-95) as the happiest of his life. - Beautifully preserved.
¶ Hob. II, 298. RISM H/HH, 2584. Hoboken cat. 9, no. 1583 (fig. 17). Eitner V, p. 68.

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17

Hedin, Sven, Swedish explorer and geographer (1856-1952). Autogr. portrait postcard signed. Stockholm, 21. I. 1942. Stockholm, 21. I. 1942. Oblong 8vo. 1 page.

EUR 650.00

To Ms. Baumgartner, thanking for her letter.

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18

Heidegger, Martin. Was ist Metaphysik? Bonn, Friedrich Cohen, 1929. Bonn, Friedrich Cohen, 1929. 4to. 29, (3) pp. Contemporary boards (dated 1929) by Eva Aschoff, including the original wrappers.

EUR 7,500.00

First edition of Heidegger's inaugural lecture, inscribed copy in a master binding. Inscribed to the singer Walburga Hedwig Elisabeth Gaehtgens (1915-2002) on the half-title: "Frau Walburga / zur Erinnerung / (24. Juli 1929) / Martin Heidegger". The date is that of the lecture. Gaehtgens married the classicist Ernst Zinn (1910-90) in 1938. Zinn's own ownership, dated 1929, is pencilled into the upper right corner of the half-title. He also added a note on the on the inside wrapper cover: "Binding: Eva Aschoff, Freiburg im Breisgau, 1929". Thus, Zinn acquired the copy in 1929, and it was likely signed by Heidegger in or after 1938. Heidegger and Zinn knew each other since 1929 and kept in contact until the philosopher's death in 1976. - The binding, commissioned by Zinn, is a work by the artist and master bookbinder Eva Aschoff (1900-69), decorated with blue and black circles, lines, and coloured spaces. An additional note by Zinn, dated 1961, is added in blue ink at the lower edge of the half-title. - Binding Einband leicht gebräunt, berieben und bestoßen, an einer Ecke etwas geknickt. Innen teils leicht stockfleckig bzw. gering gebräunt.

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From the estate of Abel Hugo: with autographs by Lucrezia Borgia, Gaetano Donizetti, and Victor Hugo
19

Hugo, Victor, French writer (1802-1885). A collection of three plays by Victor Hugo,... including "Lucrèce Borgia", enriched with additional collector's pieces, including a letter signed by Lucrezia Borgia, an autograph musical manuscript by Donizetti, and an original drawing by Victor Hugo. Paris, Eugène Renduel, 1832-1833. Paris, Eugène Renduel, 1832-1833. I) Lucrèce Borgia. 1833. (2), XI, (1), 192 pp. II) Le Roi s'amuse. 1832. (8), XXIII, (1), 183 pp. III) Marie Tudor. 1833. (6), IV, 214 pp. Each with frontispiece. All three bound in a single volume in slightly later half calf with giltstamped spine and marbled covers. A matching second volume contains: 1) Borgia, Lucrezia (1480-1519). Letter signed. Rome, 20 Nov. 1501. ½ p. Folio. 2) Hugo, Victor (1802-1885). Autograph ink caricature, mounted on backing paper. 10 x 13 cm. 3) Mocquard, Jean-François (1791-1864). Autograph letter signed. Paris, 15 Jan. 1853. 1 p. 8vo. 4) Fournier, Louis Edouard (1857-1917). Autograph drawing inscribed. 12.5 x 20.5 cm. 5) Donizetti, Gaetano (1797-1848). Autograph musical manuscript (fragment). 6 pp., ca. 33 x 12 cm. 6) Hugo, Victor (1802-1885). Two autograph instructions signed. 26 Dec. 1839 and 20 Feb. (no year). Oblong 8vo. 2 pp. Both volumes stored together in a matching calf-entry marbled slipcase.

EUR 75,000.00

A charming ensemble of three first editions of Victor Hugo's plays, each one inscribed by the author to his elder brother, the essayist and military writer Abel Hugo (1798-1855). When the set was auctioned at the sale of the library of the author's grandson Georges-Victor Hugo, it was acquired by Arthur Meyer, the director of the prestigious daily "Le Gaulois" and a passionate collector who was wont to enrich, or "truffle", his books with appropriate rare autographs and drawings. In this case, the addenda, bound in a matching half-calf volume, greatly surpass in value the works they accompany: 1) A precious letter by the Renaissance noblewoman Lucrezia Borgia, famous for her marriages and her affair with Pietro Bembo (signed "Lucretia Esteri de Borgia"), written in recommendation of Hector Beringero to the poet Antonio Tebaldeo (1463-1537), secretary to Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua (later Lucrezia's lover). Meyer had acquired this outstanding document from the collection of Alfred Morrison (cf. Catalogue of the Collection of Autograph Letters and Historical Documents Formed Between 1865 and 1882 by Alfred Morrison, 1883, p. 100). - 2) Almost equally striking is the original, highly expressive pen-and-ink drawing by Victor Hugo, showing the dark shape of a portly figure holding a candle (an illustration of Act III, Scene 1 of his 1843 play "Les Burgraves"), captioned by the artist in his own hand: "Mm. Mélingue criant: Caïn! de la Coulisse". In the original production, the actress Rosaline Mélingue had played the role of Guanhumara, providing the off-stage voice for the eerie scene. - 3) Also included is a letter by J.-F. Mocquard, chief-of-staff to Napoleon III, addressed to Auguste Romieu, the directeur des beaux-arts, concerning matters of theatrical censorship (including Hugo's play "Lucrèce Borgia"). 4) The associations are reinforced in an expressive charcoal drawing showing Victor Hugo reading to his brother Abel the first act of "Lucrèce Borgia", inscribed in pencil to the collector by the artist L. E. Fournier: "A M. Arthur Meyer très cordialement". 5) Finally, Meyer was able to include a fragment of Gaetano Donizetti's original manuscript of his 1833 opera "Lucrezia Borgia", which he had based on Hugo's play. 6) At the very end are two brief notes by Victor Hugo in which the author instructs his publisher Renduel to issue to the bearer copies of his works, including "Lucrèce Borgia". - Provenance: bookplates of Arthur Meyer and Jean Inglessi, as well as an additional monogrammed bookplate. Last in the collection of Pierre Bergé (1930-2017).

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20

Keynes, John Maynard. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. London, Macmillan, 1936. London, Macmillan, 1936. 8vo. XII, 403 pp. Original blue cloth, spine lettered in gilt.

EUR 6,500.00

First edition, first impression of what is generally considered the author's magnum opus, the book widely credited with creating the terminology and shape of modern macroeconomics. One of the iconic books in the development of economic thought by one of the outstanding economists of his generation. "The composition of this book", Keynes declares, "has been for the author a long struggle of escape, and so must the reading of it be for most readers if the author's assault upon them is to be successful, - a struggle of escape from habitual modes of thought and expression. The ideas which are here expressed so laboriously are extremely simple and should be obvious. The difficulty lies, not in the new ideas, but in escaping from the old ones, which ramify, for those brought up as most of us have been, into every corner of our minds" (Preface, p. VIII). "In 1936, although Roosevelt's 'New Deal' had utilized Keynesian prescriptions, 'The General Theory' ('on which', says D.N.B., 'his fame as the outstanding economist of his generation must rest') threw the economists of the world into two violently opposed camps. Yet eight years later Keynes was to dominate the international conference at Bretton Woods, out of which came the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank; and his influence during the ensuing decades, even on his theoretical opponents, has been such that a highly placed American official recently remarked that 'we are all Keynesians today'" (PMM). - Very light discolouring of upper margin (ca 3 cm) of front side, a fine copy.
¶ PMM 423. OCLC 167708.

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‘Manga’ in Captivity
21

Korean POW Archive. An Archive of a North Korean POW Camp. POW Camp at Geoje-Do, 1952-1953. POW Camp at Geoje-Do, 1952-1953. Remarkable archive of ca. 400 pieces, consisting of artwork and documentation from a North Korean Prisoner of War camp in South Korea from 1952-1953. Alongside approximately 350 pp. of administrative documents produced at the camp (many marked ‘Restricted’), we find a 28 examples of confiscated hand-made North Korean prisoner artwork, with many pieces in book or booklet form. Stored in two custom-made half morocco solander boxes with giltstamped spines.

EUR 75,000.00

This artwork provides a rare glimpse into the psyche of the North Korean soldier during this pivotal period. Reflecting on the conditions endured by the prisoners, it is remarkable to see the quality and ingenuity of work they produced - some of them were very skilled artists indeed. The materials range in form from simple one-page leaflets to a full ‘suite of illustrations’ (37 in all) painted onto flattened cardboard cigarette cartons. Such ‘re-purposing’ is a hallmark of all of these materials: the prisoners were evidently not given access to much paper, and often resort to brown packaging paper, shoelaces, and even metal wire to fashion together makeshift ‘comic-books’. In several cases, dozens of paper labels were collected and pasted together to form a single writing sheet. The main subject matter of the material is the tortuous treatment of North Korean prisoners. Many examples of this might legitimately be considered North Korean manhwa (manga), featuring narratives, speech bubbles, multiple frames, etc., while other drawings and writings are purely polemical and propagandistic. Other examples are apparently apolitical but speak to the prisoner’s simple desire to sketch the world around him day-by-day. - In this collection we truly enter uncharted territory: the personal lives of otherwise anonymous, unmemorialized North Korean soldiers desperately loyal to a confidently-memorized ideology. Just as striking is these soldiers’ conscious desire to record for posterity their unjust treatment at the hands of their American captors. Whether these materials were meant to change minds, restore ebbing faith, or merely to pass the time while waiting for repatriation, they offer a remarkable glimpse not only into the mind of the Korean War soldier but also of a basic artistic instinct which strives to express and create no matter the circumstances and no matter the resources at hand. - Provenance: Major George A. Scholl (stationed in South Korea).

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A description of Beijing, with six accurate plans
22

L'Isle (Delisle), Joseph-Nicolas de and Alexandre Guy Pingré. Description de la ville Peking, pour servir à... l'intelligence du plan de cette ville, gravé par les soins de M. de l'Isle. Paris, (colophon: J. Th. Herissant), 1765. Paris, (colophon: J. Th. Herissant), 1765. 4to. (2), 44, (1) pp. With woodcut vignette on title-page, and 6 engraved folding plans (16 x 12 to 23.5 x 25 cm). 19th century half sheepskin, marbled endpapers.

EUR 18,000.00

First edition of a description of Beijing, illustrated with six accurate plans. The French cartographer and astronomer Joseph-Nicolas de L'isle (1688-1768) had been corresponding about Chinese astronomy and geography with Jesuit missionaries for more than 30 years, collecting a vast amount of valuable information. The Jesuit father Patouillet asked him to compose a map of Beijing, based on these memoirs, to illustrate a description of the city he was preparing. Unfortunately, Patouillet was unable to complete his description, and De L'isle, assisted by the French astronomer and geographer Alexandre Guy Pingré (1711-96), continued and finished it. Astronomical observations helped them to determine the position of Beijing. The work starts with a description of the foundation of the city, the palace, other buildings and the suburbs, followed by some observations on the Li, also called the Chinese mile: the traditional Chinese unit of distance. - Some leaves slightly browned, some spots throughout and one plate with a small tear in the margin just touching the image. Binding slightly rubbed along the corners. A good copy, only slightly trimmed.
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 210f. Morrison II, 67. Löwendahl 537 (lacking 1 plan). Lust 187.

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23

Lasso, Orlando di. Magnum opus musicum [...] complectens omnes cantiones quas... motetas vulgo vocant [...]. Munich, Nicolaus Henricus, 1604 [but: 1603]. Munich, Nicolaus Henricus, 1604 [but: 1603]. 4to. 229 ff. With woodcut title border. Contemporary pigskin on 5 raised double bands, richly blindstamped. Wants clasps. Upper cover stamped "Bassus 1610".

EUR 18,000.00

Of the utmost rarity. - The first attempt at a collected edition, put forth by the composer's sons Ferdinand and Rudolph Lasso, containing 516 motets and with a two-page dedication to the ruling duke of Bavaria, Maximilian (dated January 1, 1604). A total of six voices were published in separate volumes with the music printed in letterpress, together forming one of the most famous works in the history of music publishing. - Two small paper flaws in the title page have been repaired without loss to text or to the fine woodcut border. Very well preserved.
¶ RISM L/LL, 1019. Eitner I, 59. Wolffheim II, 1842. Hirsch III, 886. Leuchtmann I, p. 59. Title of the Cantus illustrated in: Leuchtmann/Schaefer, O. di Lasso. Prachthandschriften u. Quellenüberlieferung (exhibition catalogue, Munich 1994), p. 63.

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Foreshadowing Computers
24

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. Ars combinatoria [...]. Frankfurt, Heinrich Christoph Cröcker, 1690. Frankfurt, Heinrich Christoph Cröcker, 1690. 4to. (3), 78 pp. With an engraved plate bound as a frontispiece. Contemporary marbled boards.

EUR 35,000.00

Second edition of Leibniz's groundbreaking work on combinatorics. It was first published in 1666 as "Dissertatio de arte combinatoria", expanded from the author's thesis "Disputatio arithmetica de complexionibus", with which he earned the venia legendi. This unauthorized re-release, produced 24 years later, caused Leibniz to respond with corrections in the Acta Eruditorum of 1691. Both editions are extremely rare; NUC lists no more than two copies of the present one. - This is Leibniz's earliest work in combinatorics, the branch of mathematics concerned with the study of finite or countable discrete structures. It thus constitutes an early and important contribution to the scientific foundations of modern computer engineering. "In this treatise, Leibniz undertook that part of his grand plan that aimed at achieving a complete set of possible connections of terms, and the mathematical conception of this problem he named 'ars combinatoria' - a name that would stick" (cf. Cantor). This early work of Leibniz is all the more remarkable for the "very modest specialized knowledge that he then possessed [and which] is reflected in the 'Dissertatio de arte combinatoria'" (DSB). - Somewhat browned throughout as common due to paper. Trimmed rather closely, with some professional remarginings at the top edge near the end of the book and repairs to the gutter of the title page (loss of a few letters at the very left, some unobtrusively supplied). A single copy in auction records (1998: Reiss 65, lot 583: 65,000 DM). Apart from the frontispiece, VD 17 cites 33 numbered plates - in apparent error, for no known copy contains more than this single plate.
¶ VD 17, 12:194409W. Poggendorff I, 1413. DSB VIII, 153 & 160. Cantor III, 43-45. NDB XIV, 122. Cf. Ravier 6.

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25

Magritte, René, Belgian surrealist artist (1898-1967). Original drawing on autograph postcard signed ("Georgette et... René Magritte"). N. p., 1955. N. p., 1955. 148:112 mm.

EUR 12,500.00

A New Year's greeting, showing a tree and some leaves, executed in black and green.

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26

Malevich, Kazimir, Russian painter and art theoretician (1879-1935). Autograph letter signed. Nemchinovka, January 7/8, 192[6]. Nemchinovka, January 7/8, 192[6]. 8vo. 3 pp. on 3 ff.

EUR 48,000.00

In Russian, to his third wife, Natalja, a lyrical letter on celebrating Christmas in Moscow (while she was in Leningrad) and how much he desires to live with her "in a new place", as "Leningrad has spoiled me" (transl.).
¶ Malewitsch über sich. Zeitgenossen über Malewitsch. Briefe. Dokumente. Erinnerungen. Kritik. Bd. 1, Moskau 2004, Nr. 1.

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Complete set of all resolutions of the Dutch States General regarding maritime matters (1597-1771)
27

[Maritime History - States General]. Recuëil van alle de placaten, ordonnantien, resolutien, instructien,... lysten en waarschouwingen, betreffende de admiraliteyten, convoyen, licenten, en verdere zee-saaken. The Hague, Jacob, Paul & Isaac Scheltus, 1701-1773. The Hague, Jacob, Paul & Isaac Scheltus, 1701-1773. 4to. 11 volumes. With a folding table in vol. 8. Contemporary vellum, numbered in manuscript on the spine, red sprinkled edges.

EUR 35,000.00

Complete set of a compilation of all resolutions, ordinances, treaties and other statements and motions by the States General of the Dutch Republic, regarding all maritime matters. The collection starts in 1597 with the establishment of the five admiralties in the Dutch Republic and ends in 1771, although a few resolutions from the period of Habsburg rule (the oldest from 1487) have been included. Most of the resolutions concern trade, including the trade with the Baltic, East and West Indies, North Africa and the Turkish Empire, but also fishery, the equipage of battleships and the administration of the colonies in the West Indies, including slavery. Several tables give interesting information regarding the costs of the building and outfitting of ships and the formation of regiments for the colonies. One very large table presents the tariffs for all sorts of products, including numerous types of wood, glass, porcelain, fish and furs. - A collection of resolutions had been previously published in two volumes in 1689 and 1694. In 1701 an expanded volume 2, present in the current collection, was published, with volume 3 following in 1721. Interestingly, a new and much expanded volume 1 was published in 1730. The present set, published during a course of over 70 years, includes these expanded editions of volumes 1 and 2. All indexes have been bound in the corresponding volume, instead of in a separate index volume. - With the bookplates of the collector Jan Willem Six de Vromade (1874-1936), a descendant of the politically and culturally significant Six family, in the first volume, and of the Dutch politician and historian Leonard de Gou (1916-2000) in all volumes. Bindings slightly smudged. Somewhat browned and stained throughout, most notably volume 8, and with a small tear in the front flyleaf of volume 6. A very good set of an important source for Dutch maritime history.
¶ Elliott, Maritime History in the John Carter Brown Library (revised ed.) 1093.

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One of the few known works of Marx inscribed by the author to a woman
28

Marx, Karl. Misère de la philosophie. Réponse à la Philosophie... de la misère de M. Proudhon. Paris & Brussels, A. Frank & C. G. Vogler, 1847. Paris & Brussels, A. Frank & C. G. Vogler, 1847. 8vo. (VIII), 178 pp. (without the errata leaf). (Bound after) II: The same. Der Achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte. Zweite Ausgabe. Hamburg, Otto Meißner, 1869. VI, 98 pp. Contemporary half calf with marbled covers. Stored in custom-made red half calf solander case with giltstamped spine.

EUR 400,000.00

Very rare first edition of Marx's famous text, directed against Pierre Joseph Proudhon and the utopian socialists, which led to a long and bitter feud between the authoritarian and the libertarian-anarchist wing. The half title bears Marx's autograph inscription to Anna Vivanti, née Lindau: "Madame Vivanti / Hommage de l'auteur. / Londres, 2 Marx 1872" (the final digit is slightly trimmed by the binder). Anna Vivanti (1828-80), a sister of the well-known German critic, writer and democrat Paul Lindau, had in 1853 married the wealthy silk merchant Anselmo Vivanti, an Italian revolutionary exiled in Britain. The families had known each other for a while: on Christmas Eve 1868 Jenny Marx had described Madame Vivanti in a letter to her sister Laura as "a strange little lady, ugly, deformed, but full of life and spirits [...] She is married to an Italian and is an ardent admirer of Dante, whose poetry she knows by heart. She reminded me so much of the woman Balzac depicts in his Recherche de l'Absolu" (Moscow Russian State Archive for Social and Political History, fond 7, opis 1, delo 11/3). In March 1870 Marx's daughter Jenny had been invited to Norwood to attend a function given by Madame Vivanti, and the 25-year old had a great success with a Shakespearean recitation; later that same year, in October, Anselmo, Anna and their little daughter Luisa had stayed with the Marxes in Hampstead. In 1872 Anna repeatedly tried to solicit from Marx articles for her brother's journal "Die Gegenwart". On 21 March 1872 she thanked Marx for his gift of the book: "[...] I would like to write you a few words about this exceptional book 'Misère de la Philosophie', which I am not a little proud to own, but I have a dreadful cold which makes my head heavy and dumb; also, I would fear to monopolize your valuable time with my silly writing [...]" (translated from German, IISG, D VIII 40 [12073]). - Bound first is the first independent printing of Marx's "The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon", originally published in the May 1852 issue of "Die Revolution". That both works were thus bound together for Anna Vivanti is evident from the binder's pencilled instructions on the final page of the "Misère": "Vivanti / ½ pelle". After Anna's death in 1880 the volume must have ended up in Milan with her widower Anselmo, who died there in 1890 soon after returning to his native country (previously, the widely admired hero of the Risorgimento had long served as President of the New York Chamber of Commerce). Four years later, the philosopher and socialist Antonio Labriola (1843-1904), one of the first propagandists of Marxism in Italy, acquired the volume for 25 lire at a Milan auction, as he reported to Engels in a letter of 3 August 1894: "Ho qui un volume legato, comprato a Milano auzione £25. Contiene oltre al 18 Brumaio, Misère d. l. Ph. originale, esemplare con dedica di Marx a Madame Vivanti (?) 2 (o 4) marzo 1873 (o 72, non chiaro)". It is this letter that led the editors of the Marx-Engels Gesamtausgabe falsely to assume that it was a copy of the "Eighteenth Brumaire" which Marx had inscribed to Madame Vivanti (cf. MEGA I, 11, p. 705). - Corners slightly bumped, but very finely preserved altogether. Both works somewhat browned, the first work more so, with some brownstaining to the title page and traces of an erased ownership stamp (possibly that of Labriola or a previous owner?). Contemporary pencil underlinings in the "Misère", perhaps reading notes by Anna Vivanti. One of the few copies of a Marx work known to have been inscribed by the author to a woman; among other female recipients of inscriptions by Marx are Luise Weydemeyer and Caroline Schoeler ("Das Kapital") as well as Natalja Utina (also the "Misère", with the author's corrections).
¶ Marx-Engels Erstdrucke 11 & 22. Rubel 55 & 215.

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29

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Il Flauto Magico. Dramma per musica […] Die... Zauberfloete. Grosse Oper in zwey Ackten. Bonn, N. Simrock, [1814]. Bonn, N. Simrock, [1814]. Folio (264 x 325 mm). Engraved title page, 1 p. of engraved dramatis personae, pp. 3-363 engraved notes. Plate number 1092. Contemp. red half morocco with giltstamped spine and cover title.

EUR 18,500.00

First edition of the full orchestral score, with the libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. In the "Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung" of 13 September 1815, the publisher Simrock claimed that it was "in accordance with Mozart's own wishes". First shown on 30 September 1791 at Schikaneder's Freihaus-Theater, the opera today counts among the most popular and most frequently performed ever. - Slight browning; occasional pencil annotations; a contemporary stitch-hole throughout the upper left corner. The highly appealing binding is insignificantly rubbed in places. Provenance: first in the library of the Berlin composer and musical educator Carl Friedrich Rungenhagen (1778-1851), a close friend of Zelter's, with his autograph ownership on the title page: "Von Fr. H-d am 13. 9br 1822 an C. F. Rungenhagen". Later in the collection of the classicist and musical scholar Friedrich Spiro (1863-1940) with his autograph ownership on the reverse of the title page (dated Berlin 1886) and stamps. Latterly in the collection of Pierre Bergé (1930-2017) with his bookplate inside the front cover.
¶ KV 620. RISM M 4772. Clément 1172. Riemann 616. Sonneck 119. Towers 680. Hirsch II, 681.

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30

Nieuhof, Joan. Het Gezantschap der neêrlandtsche oost-indische Compagnie, aan den... grooten Tartarischen Cham, Den tegenwoordigen Keizer van China [...]. Amsterdam, Jacob van Meurs, 1670. Amsterdam, Jacob van Meurs, 1670. 2 parts in one volume. Engraved title page, letterpress title in red and black, 2 armorial engraved plates, 2 ff. of dedication, 208 pp. 258, (10) pp. With 111 engravings in the text, 1 folding engraved map, and 35 double-page-sited engraved plates. Full calf, spine and covers stamped in blind, spine label. Folio.

EUR 9,500.00

Second Dutch edition (previously published in 1665) of this description of the 1655-57 embassy of Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, with a general account on China in part 2. The plates show views (including Batavia, Canton, Macao, Nanjing, and Beijing), plans, costumes, flora and fauna etc. - "The Dutch, being at the height of their power, having supplanted the Portuguese, desired to gain access to China and a portion of the Chinese trade. After much opposition the Government succeeded in sending merchants to try the pulse of the Chinese at Canton. Upon their report it was determined to despatch ambassadors from Batavia to the Court of Peking to solicit liberty to trade. This is the embassy written up by Nieuhoff, who was steward to the ambassadors" (Cox). - The selection of plates varies from copy to copy. The present one contains two engraved armorial plates not called for in the list of plates, but not the portrait (not mentioned there either) and also lacks the plate "Paolinxi". - Hardly browned of soied; insignificant edge flaws at beginning and end. Map wrinkled, waterstained and with repaired edge tears.
¶ Cat. Nederl. Hist. Scheepvart Mus. 499. Cordier, BS 2345. Graesse IV, 675. Tiele 800. Cf. Boucher de la Richarderie V, 297; Cox I, 325; Henze III, 612.

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