The Ottoman state and its officials in contemporary portraits
1

Arif Pacha, Muchir. Les Anciens Costumes de l'Empire Ottoman, depuis l'origine... de la monarchie jusqu'a la reforme du Sultan Mahmoud. Paris, Lemercier, 1863. Paris, Lemercier, 1863. Folio (548 x 400 mm). Vol. I (all published). Lithographic portrait of Arif Pasha, on India paper mounted, drawn on stone by M. Julien, 16 tinted lithographic plates after Arif. (Lacking lithographic title, toning to text). Contemp. black half morocco over black cloth-covered boards with gilt title to spine.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition of the valuable and beautifully illustrated survey of the costume worn at the court of the Ottoman Empire, published with the text in both French and Turkish. Ministers, state officials and military officers (including intelligence service) are shown in full costume with their functions captioned in Arabic and French below. Although the lithographic title states 'Tome 1er', no further volume was published in either language. - Arif Pasha fought against the Greeks at Athens and at Euboea (1826-28), and in Syria against Mehmet Ali. His career included a number of missions for the Sultan and his appointment in 1861 as governor of the province of Silistria.
¶ Atabey 30. Blackmer 43. Lipperheide 1440m. Colas I, 148.

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By the Queen of France, about an exchange of gifts with Sultan Murad III
2

Catherine de' Medici, Queen of France, wife of King Henry II of France (1519-1589). Letter signed ("Caterine"). Chenonceau, 2. IX. 1584. Chenonceau, 2. IX. 1584. Folio (34 x 24 cm). 1 p. on bifolium. Brown ink on paper, written in a clear gothic hand. Folded for sending and addressed on the outside, with a slot for a ribbon and traces of a red wax seal. Watermark: B [crowned heart] P, (with the feet of the letters toward the centre of the sheet).

EUR 12,500.00

An informative letter written by the French regent Catherina de' Medici concerning the exchange of gifts between France and the Ottoman Sultan. Written in French, from Catharine's favourite palace, Château de Chenonceau in the Loire valley near Tours, to Jacques de Germigny (d. 1587 or 1596), French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. Catherine, mother of King Henry III, last of the Valois kings of France, was a powerful and colourful figure (familiar in literature from the historical novels of Alexandre Dumas), often running the government for her son. In the present letter she arranges an exchange of gifts with the Ottoman Sultan Murad III (1546-95). Germigny had written to her on 17 July concerning various items he had selected, and she asks him to send the gifts from the Sultan to André Hurault de Maisse (1539-1607) at Venice, who was France's ambassador there. She also suggests a change in one item they are giving the Sultan: "J[']ay receu v[ost]re l[ett]re du xvij de juillet avec la liste des presens que ma faict la sultane mere du grand seigneur lesquelz vous me mandez avoir retenuz par devers vous pour me les faire apporter quant vous partirez de par dela pour venir trouver le Roy monsieur mon filz. Et pour ce quil pourra passer plus de temps jusques la que je ne le vouldrois et que je seray bien ayse d[']avoir plustost lesd[its] presens je vous prie de les envoier au Sr de Maisse ambassadeur du Roy monsieur mon filz a Venize lequel me les fera tenir par apres. Au surplus j[']ay a vous dire touchant Le Rouge que desire recouvrer de moy lad[ite] Sultane semblable a celluy que je luy ay cy devant envoie quelle trouve meilleur, et mieulx faict que celluy d[']Espaigne, que je n[']en ay plus maintenant, et ne seay en sorte du monde la recepte et facon de le faire qui est cau[s]e que je ne puis contenter a p[rese]nt lad[ite] Sultane de ce qu[']elle desire de moy en cest endrent, dont du suis bien marrye mais j[']adviseray si j[']en pourray avoir le moien par cy apres dont je vous advertiray [...]". Counter-signed by her Secretary of State, Pierre Brulart, and addressed to "Mons[ieur] de Germigny, ch[eva]l[ie]r de l[']ordre du Roy monsieur mon filz, son con[seill]er et amba[ssa]deur en Levant". The two-leaf folio was folded twice on horizontal folds, then briefly once more on a vertical fold without a sharp crease for sending. A cut through the sixteen layers would have had a ribbon through it and one can see traces of red sealing wax around the slot on the back. The letter was stored folded horizontally, and eight small worm holes run through the eight layers, but they barely touch an occasional letter of the text. There are also a few small marginal tears. In very good condition and with the whole sheet of paper untrimmed.

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3

Churchill, Winston S., British statesman (1874-1965). Typed letter signed. 10 Downing Street, 27. XI. 1951. 10 Downing Street, 27. XI. 1951. 4to. 1½ pp. on 2 ff.

EUR 7,500.00

To Mrs Cowper, written on his re-accession to power in 1951: "I have been preoccupied with national problems since becoming Prime Minister so that it is only just recently that I have been able to consider my personal affairs, and how they affect all the people who have been working for me over the past years [...] I know how efficiently and happily you have looked after my affairs and interests in my constituency over the past years, and I wish you to know how much Mrs Churchill and I have valued your services and your loyalty [...]. - On engraved headed paper bearing the seal of the Prime Minister and blind-stamp of George VI, filing-hole at head.

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Complete copy of the second folio edition
4

Diderot, Denis & d'Alembert, Jean Le Rond. Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts... et des métiers, par une Societé de gens de lettres. Mis en ordre & publié par M. Diderot [...]; & quant à la partie mathematique, par M. d'Alembert [...]. Paris [i. e., Geneva], "1751-1772" [i.e., 1771-1776]. Paris [i. e., Geneva], "1751-1772" [i.e., 1771-1776]. Folio. 17 text vols., 11 plate vols., 5 vols. of supplements. Without the 2 index vols. Altogether 33 vols. with 3129 plates (doubles and triples counted as such) and the engraved frontispiece. Contemp. marbled calf, gilt, with double spine labels.

EUR 75,000.00

Complete copy of the second folio edition, issued simultaneously with the final volumes of the original edition and even reproducing its predecessor's imprint down to the original years of publication. It can be distinguished from the first edition only by the missing accent over the word "Mathématique" and two additional composition errors in the title, for which reason the trade usually offers it as the original edition: indeed, among the more than fifty "Paris" folio editions of the "Encyclopédie" auctioned during the last decades, not a single one is identified as the Geneva reprint, although this edition's press-run was fully half as great as that of the Paris original. - The supplement volumes, which "had no formal connection with the original 'Encyclopédie' and involved a new group of contributors" (Darnton 33), are here present in the 1776-1777 edition published in Paris and Amsterdam, which is generally treated as part of the Paris first edition.
¶ Lough 15-21 & 52-110. Darnton 34. Cf. PMM 200.

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Spectacular late 18th-century Italian manuscript on fireworks, illustrated throughout
5

[Fireworks]. Arte Pirotecnia. [Italy, late 18th century]. Large 4to (270 x 195 mm). 36 ff. With 72 very interesting pen-and-ink drawings, partly coloured in brown, yellow and reddish washes. Contemporary marbled boards. In custom-made cloth portfolio.

EUR 27,500.00

Spectacularly illustrated manuscript describing and illustrating many moveable and rotating pyrotechnical units and machines, including rockets. The title-page, bearing the name of a former owner (Valentino Vieri, who probably also added some probationes pennae), is followed by a description of the first 62 coloured drawings, beginning with the "Giuoco della Luna e Sole" (games of moon and sun), including all sorts of revolving, spouting, exploding and firing units, rockets, and other gadgets: On fol. 20r three objects are illuminated: an aloe vase, a tree, and a coat of arms, inscribed "Dini". Fols. 20v-23r show full-page installations, including a "Colona Trionfante" with a winged angel on top, a Lion of St. Mark, the symbol of the free Republic of Venice, holding an open book with his right paw (displaying the text "Pax tibi Marce Evangelista meus"), an oval on top of a balustrade, bearing the text "W. Gesu Giuseppe e Maria", a "Piramicia Egiziana", and a cupola with lanterns and fire pots. Fols. 23v-25r contains two double-page war scenes: the first, a fortified castle by a coast, with a vessel and a galley at sea; the second, a fortified tower and an army camp with tents opposite, with symbols of war and military equipment in the foreground. The final fols. 25v-36v contain indexes and instructions for fireworks: (1) "Indice delli Giuochi di Fuocho" (the various units and rockets; fols. 25v-26v); (2) "Regole Generali": 84 numbered instructions for construction and operation of fireworks (fols. 27r-35r); (3) "Indice delle Misture" (fols. 35v-36r); and "Catalogo de Generi ed Utensili" (fol. 36v). - There may be a connection between this manuscript and the Papal Master of Ceremonies Msgr. Giuseppe Dini (d. 1799). The Library of the Getty Research Centre possesses a ms. written by Dini ("Relazione o sia diario di tutto quelle che e stato osservato in Roma nelle venuta del Re delle due Sicilie Ferdinando IV e la Regina Maria Carolina Arciduchessa d'Austria", 1791) containing biographical and historical notes, including descriptions of the preparations for the royal visit with details about the route, the number of soldiers guarding the visitors, and the costs of the entertainment (including operatic performances and fireworks). At the back of that manuscript are printed announcements of the firework display and official appearances by Pope Pius VI. - In 1782 Dini - as that Pope's Master of Ceremonies - published a diary of the Papal journey, via Venice, to Vienna (undertaken with an aim to mitigate the social and ecclesiastical reforms enacted by Emperor Joseph II). Perhaps the ms. with its explicit references to the Republic of Venice can be connected with this 1782 journey (a German edition, "Vollständiges Tagebuch von der Reise des Pabsts Pius VI. nach Wien", appeared in Breslau in 1783). Another possibility is a connection with the election of the new Pope Pius VII in March 1800 in Venice, after a very difficult conclave in Venice that began in December 1799, soon after the death of Pius VI and just before the death of Dini on 2 November 1799. - Spine slightly damaged; some browning. In good condition.

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Extremely rare example of the largest globe engraved by Malby (45.5 cm diameter), with lines of magnetic variation, London 1848, showing "Debai" (Dubai)
6

[Globe - Terrestrial]. Malby & Co. Malby's terrestrial globe, compiled from the latest &... most authentic sources, including all the recent geographical discoveries. manufactured and published under the superintendance of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge […]. [London], Malby & Co. (engraved by Chas. Malby), 1 January 1848. [London], Malby & Co. (engraved by Chas. Malby), 1 January 1848. Diameter: 45.5 cm (18 inch), height in stand: 64.5 cm. An engraved terrestrial globe with 12 gores and 2 polar caps over a plaster-covered core, and the engraved horizon ring on the wooden stand, all coloured by a contemporary hand. In a contemporary wooden stand with 3 turned legs supporting the horizon ring, and 3 turned stretchers with a cylindrical centrepiece with a knob on the underside. Further with a contemporary brass hour circle and a slightly later iron meridian ring (and probably the axis pivots).

EUR 75,000.00

Only recorded copy of the 1848 edition (preceded only by one recorded copy of 1846 edition) of Malby's 18 inch (45.5 cm) terrestrial globe, the largest he engraved and much rarer than his 12 inch globe. It shows small pieces of the Antarctic coast, noting sightings and explorations from 1831 to 1841. In Africa it shows Lake "Nyassi" (Nyasa or Malawi), discovered by Candido José da Costa Cardoso in 1846, but most of equatorial Africa and the Congo remain uncharted territory, with Burton and Speke's most important discoveries still a decade in the future and Stanley's even further. "Oregon", officially made a United States territory in 1848, shows the boundary with "British America" agreed at the 1846 Oregon treaty. Alaska is still "Russian America", not to be purchased by the United States until "Seward's folly" in 1867. Texas is part of the United States, reflecting the demise of the "Lone Star" Texas Republic in 1845/46, as are California and most of Arizona, which Mexico ceded in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on 2 February 1848. The Revolution of 1848 has not yet affected the boundaries of the Austrian Empire. "Debai" (Dubai) is shown on the Gulf coast, only 15 years after the al-Maktoum dynasty took charge of it in 1833. The globe seems to be intended especially for navigational use, with not only a grid of parallels and meridians (with the prime meridian through Greenwich), but also the irregular curved lines indicating the variation of magnetic from geographic north ("isogones"), at 5 degree intervals. From these one can clearly see where the magnetic poles were. Edmund Halley produced the first world map with isogones in 1702, but the Pacific had to wait until Nicolaas van Ewyk's 1752 map of the northern and southern hemispheres. Malby cites Peter Barlow in the 1833 Transactions of the Royal Society for his data. Where these lines run at least partly north-south, mariner's could use them to help determine longitude. The discovery that they were nearly horizontal in many parts of the East Indies and Pacific, and that they could also change over time, lead to their declining use after John Harris's chronometer came into use beginning around 1772. Malby seems to be the first and almost the only globe maker to show them. The engraver signed the present globe "Chas. Malby" and signed the 12 inch globe of 1845 described by Dekker "C. I. Malby". He must therefore have been Charles Isaac Malby (1816-post 1868), born in London, the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Malby. Thomas Malby, Charles's brother, born in London in 1808, first set up as a globe publisher around 1839 and was trading as Malby & Co by 1841. Charles may have engraved nearly all of his globes. In 1848/49 Thomas took his son Thomas Henry (born 1828) into partnership as Thomas Malby & Son and the firm traded as Malby & Son, to about 1880. They issued a 36 inch (92 cm) globe in 1849, but did not engrave it themselves, having acquired the plates of John Addison's ca. 1825 globe for that size. The earliest Malby globe known to survive is dated 1842, but his earliest recorded 18 inch globes are a pair at the Mariners' Museum in Virginia: the celestial globe dated 1843 and the terrestrial globe dated 1846. The Austrian National Library has an 18 inch Malby terrestrial globe dated 1850, but we find no further example until 1872. The present 1848 example appears to be unique. The Willis Museum in Basingstoke, England, and Dartmouth College in New Hampshire have examples of Malby's 18 inch celestial globe dated 1848, but neither is accompanied by a terrestrial globe. The horizon ring has an owner's stamp on the printed surface, nearly due east, apparently a coat of arms in a wreath, but difficult to make out. The horizon ring and globe have a dozen small cracks repaired and a few small gaps in the surface image, some repaired, but are otherwise in good condition. Extremely rare and lovely large globe, with the fascinating and unusual graphic presentation of geomagnetism.
¶ Cf. British Library on-line cat. BLL01013005847 (12 inch, 1869 & 18 inch, 1872); Dekker, GLB0081 (12 inch, 1845); Dunn & Wallis, British globes up to 1850 (1999) 209 (18 inch, 1846, 1 example) & 443 (18 inch celestial globe, 1848, 2 copies); KVK & WorldCat (18 inch, 1850 & 1872, 1 example of each); World in your hands (Rudolph Schmidt coll.) 7.12 & 7.13 (12 inch, 1843 & 1860); (18 inch celestial globe, 1853); Yonge, Early globes (1968), p. 46 (18 inch, 1846, same example as Dunn & Wallis).

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Extremely rare
7

Herring, John Frederick, Sr. Portraits of the Winning Horses of the Great... St. Leger Stakes. From the year 1815 to the present year inclusive. London, L. Harrison for S. and J. Fuller, 1829. London, L. Harrison for S. and J. Fuller, 1829. Large folio (60 x 42 cm). Letterpress title with engraved vignette, list of subscribers, winners of the St. Leger 1776-1814, 14 hand-coloured aquatint plates by T. Sutherland and R. G. Reeve after Herring, each with letterpress description of riders and winners of other races and the St Leger stakes for each year. Bound in recent half burgundy morocco with contemporary drab boards with large printed label on upper cover.

EUR 95,000.00

Extremely rare (Tooley). Second edition of Herring's finest work, the outcome of his fascination with horse racing and the St. Leger in particular. "In the writer's estimation, the first series of the St. Leger winners contains the very best of Herring prints [...] they were engraved by Sutherland, a more competent aquatinter and colourist than his successors who handled these race-horses" (Siltzer). Herring spent the first 18 years of his life in London, where his father, an American, was a fringe-maker in Newgate Street. Having married against his father's wishes, he went to Doncaster, where he arrived during the races in September 1814, and saw the Duke of Hamilton's horse, William, win the St. Leger. The sight inspired him to attempt the art of animal-painting, in which he subsequently excelled. He painted Filho da Puta, the winner of the St. Leger in 1815, and for the following thirty-two years painted each winner in succession. "Herring's series of Portraits [...] were painted annually and quickly reproduced in large showy aquatints, the horses made literally glossy by the application of varnish to the paper" (Diana Donald, Picturing Animals in Britain 1750-1850, New Haven, CT [2007], p. 215). This is the second edition of this series of wonderful racehorse portraits. It was first published as a suite of 10 plates in 1824 by Sheardown and Son of Doncaster; S. and J. Fuller of London purchased these in 1827 and continued to publish, periodically, the St. Leger winner series up to 1845. The earlier plates were all re-captioned with Fuller's imprint. Plates watermarked 1825-28; the first plate in the present work, "Filho da Puta", is on paper watermarked 1827. - Very slight offsetting to text. Extremities rubbed; otherwise a superb example of this rare work.
¶ Siltzer 139-146. Mellon Horsemanship, 128.

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Tell him I saw the fraudulent Abdulla, the other day. Exactly as he was, body & mind. Now, that's the way
8

Lawrence, T[homas] E[dward], British explorer, intelligence officer, and writer (1888-1935). Autograph letter signed ("TE Shaw"). Southampton, 18. VII. 1934. Southampton, 18. VII. 1934. 8vo. 2 pp. and 2 lines on bifolium.

EUR 28,000.00

Dear Lady Young I wonder if you (and His Ex.) are still there? Your letter to me sat at 2 Smith Square (Sir H. B. not knowing my whereabouts) till last night, when I called and collected it. I am sorry. Most of my addresses are like that. Would you be so good as to register / T. E. Shaw / Clouds Hill / Moreton / Dorset / as my likeliest spot, in future? It represents my cottage on the heath, which will be home after March when the RAF bring themselves, not reluctantly, to dispense with my help? I'm sorry not to have seen you. I wanted, while you were yet in Nyasa-land, to beg of His Ex. The rectangular skin of a small (1 sq. yard) lion, for my hearth-rug. But Ronald Storrs whom I saw at Southampton about a month ago told me you had been promoted to his province, and that there were no lions. Ronald was physically a very sick man. Mentally he was fighting hard to keep brisk… too hard for his health, I fear. The wreck of an old companion is too near a sight for sorrow, even. I hope Africa suits, after your trial of Asia and Europe. My respects to the Governor! Tell him I saw the fraudulent Abdulla, the other day. Exactly as he was, body & mind. Now, that's the way. / Yours sincerely TE Shaw / A poor letter: but I picture you again in Africa, and my squib spluttering in the void. - Between 1916 to 1918, Abdullah I of Jordan worked with the British guerrilla leader T. E. Lawrence (with whom he had actually never jarred), and played a key role as architect and planner of the Great Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule, leading guerrilla raids on garrisons. From 1921 until his assassination in 1951, Abdullah ruled Jordan, first as Emir under a British Mandate from 1921 to 1946, then as King of an independent nation from 1946 onwards.

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More than 1000 volumes on horse breeding
9

A library on Arabian Horse Breeding. A library on Arabian horse breeding, including Stud... Books and General Reference. From the Le Vivier and Marcia Parkinson Collections, with Additions from the Library of Duke Maximilian in Bavaria. The largest collection of its kind in private hands. 250 works in more than 1,000 volumes. Mostly original or first editions. Published in Austin, Cairo, Chicago, Hildesheim, London, Marburg, Moscow, New York, Philadelphia, Riga, Tehran, Warsaw and other places in the years 1746 to 2007.

EUR 220,000.00

Amassed over the last fifty years and covering four centuries of relevant material, the present collection spans all aspects of the history and development of the breeding of Arabian horses. It comprises within itself many books from the Le Vivier collection: fine press books of racing and thoroughbred literature produced by Eugene Connett's famous Derrydale press, as well as numerous important items from the library of Duke Maximilian in Bavaria (1808-88), himself a great enthusiast of Arabic horses. Including items of exceptional rarity, such as the rare, beautifully illustrated first German edition of Friedrich von Eisenberg’s famous riding school (1747), which lauds Arabian horses as "the finest produced by the Orient". Also, we here find the early Arabian Horse Registry of America Stud Books, and many items also bear presentation inscriptions from the authors (Carl Raswan, Gladys Brown Edwards, etc.). The common practice in such a specialized field, most of the publications here were issued for a very limited circulation in runs of 1,000 or fewer individually-numbered copies. - As a reference library for breeding the collection is unparalleled: almost any Arabian horse's forefathers will be found amongst the exhaustive stud books and breeding serials from the 18th to the 20th century, from Australia, Poland, Spain, Russia, the USA, etc., often with accompanying photographs. Perhaps the most famous reference work is the Raswan Index, of which only 380 copies were printed (and many destroyed by a flood). Raswan became an expert on the Arabian breed through his lengthy trips to the desert, where he lived with the Bedouins and learned their language and customs. Several scarce early 20th century works also testify to the Western fascination with the Bedouin and desert roots of the Arabian horse: Homer Davenport's 'My Quest of the Arabian Horse' (1909) and Raswan's 'The Black Tents of Arabia: My Life Amongst the Bedouins' (1935). - Alongside modern surveys of the key centres of horse-breeding in the Arab world, the early Western classics are also found here in their scarce first editions. French and German authors are also well-represented, including the text and first French translation of the 'Hilyat al-fursân wa-shi'âr ash-shuj'ân', an abridgement of Ibn Hudhail's horse treatise, prepared around 1400. Finally, the owner's collection of notable catalogues and magazines paints a fascinating composite picture of the evolution, and heyday, of Arabian horse-breeding in the Arab world, Poland, America, and the United Kingdom. - Also contained in this magnificent collection are the classic reference works on Arabian and Anglo-Arabian racehorses and their breeding. These standard works and encompassing sets of specialised thoroughbred literature include not only the indispensable guides to horse pedigrees, the Racing Calendar, General Stud Book, Spanish, American and Australian Stud Books, Bloodstock Breeders' Review, and Prior's Register of Thoroughbred Stallions, in near-complete runs stretching back as far as the 18th century, but also British and international horseracing history, and several volumes of exquisite coloured plates. - The size and comprehensiveness of the present collection cannot be overstated; it is safe to say that it represents the largest private collection of its kind which has come up for sale in recent decades. Many of the items found here can be located in just a handful of public institutions worldwide. Such items come into the market so rarely (and have recently, like the Raswan Index and the AHRA Stud Books, commanded prices of five figures) that it would be impossible to build a comparable collection item-by-item; the volumes here represent a lifetime of serious dedication to the task. Yet the value of such a collection lies not simply in its impressive number of important publications, but in the vast amount of practical knowledge contained within. As the introduction to one manual expresses it, "The horses shown and described form the foundation ancestry of a major number of breeding programs being propagated today. They appear in every area of endeavour. Yet pictures and facts are not easy to obtain. A knowledge of what has been and is, what proved successful and what endured, is pertinent to the maintenance of type and quality in the Arabian. Whatever your chosen bloodline this is a worthy study." - Illustrated catalogue available upon request.

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The only complete copy on the market for decades
10

Luynes, Honoré d'Albert de. Voyage d'exploration à la mer Morte, à Petra... et sur la rive gauche du Jourdain. Oeuvre posthume. Paris, Arthus Bertrand, [1874]. Paris, Arthus Bertrand, [1874]. 3 vols. and 1 vol of plates. (2), II ff., 388 pp. (6), 222, (6) pp. (4), VI, 326 pp. With 14 lithogr. plates (4 in colour). Printed original wrappers. Folio (390 x 295 mm). Atlas: (4) pp., 85 plates (some double-page-sized), including 65 photogravures by Charles Nègre after Louis Vignes. Original half cloth portfolio. Ties.

EUR 38,000.00

First edition, very rarely encountered complete: only 2 copies sold at international auctions of the past decades (both incomplete; the last set wanting plate 44: Sotheby's, 15 Oct. 2003, lot 676, GBP 8500; only 40 plates from the set, including glass and collodium negatives, fetched 21,450 EUR at Sotheby's Paris [22 March 2003, lot 583]). - Rare travel report describing the scientific expedition to Palestine undertaken by the French archaeologist de Luynes (1802-67) in 1864. - The work is sought for its splendid illustrations based on photos by Henri Sauvaire and the Naval Lieutenant Louis Vignes. Vol. 1 contains the Duke's travel diary; vol. 2 contains the reports "De Petra à Palmyre" by L. Vignes and "Voyage de Jérusalem, à Karak et à Chaubak" by Mauss and Sauvaire; vol. 3 contains the "Géologie" by L. Lartet (with its own set of plates at the end). The atlas is divided into two parts with a total of 85 plates (thus complete): 67 plates pertain to the Duke's report (3 unnumbered and 64 numbered: 1 map and 1 itinerary in colours, 1 engr. double plate, and 64 photogravures by Charles Nègre after photos by Vignes (views of sites, towns, ruins, etc.); Mauss's report is illustrated by 18 numbered plates: 1 double-page-sized itinerary, 3 plans (2 in colour), and 14 lithogr. plates by Cicéri after photos by Vignes and Sauvaire (views of Karak, Zat-Raz, etc.). - Occasional slight foxing (esp. in vol. 3); plates clean and spotless throughout. A fine, complete set in the original printed wrappers as issued; text vols. are uncut and wide-margined.
¶ Röhricht (Bibl. Pal.) 515f., no. 2824. Röhricht (Pilgerreisen) 637, no. 872. Henze III, 312. Parr/Badger, The Photobook I, 33.

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Extremely rare set of chromolithographed views of Egypt and Nubia
11

Lynker, Anna / Sattler, Hubert. [Binding title (also at the head of each... plate):] Nil-Album. [Vienna, Leopold Sommer and Comp., Anna Lynker and Conrad Greve, ca. 1875]. [Vienna, Leopold Sommer and Comp., Anna Lynker and Conrad Greve, ca. 1875]. Oblong Imperial 1mo (53.4 x 70 cm). Album with 32 chromolithographed plates (26 measuring 25 x 35.5 cm; 6 measuring 36.5 x 60.5), mounted on paperboard leaves, each leaf with lithographed title "Nil-Album" (above), and caption, imprint and note that they were painted from life by Anna Lynker (30) or Hans Sattler (2). All chromolithographed by Conrad Greve. Printed by various Viennese printers: K. K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, E. Köke, M. Fein, Conrad Greve, Leopold Sommer and Comp. and Johann Haupt. [32] chromolithographed plates. Contemporary red half goatskin morocco, textured-cloth sides, the front board with the title "Nil-Album" (on the spine "Nil Album") in gold, watered-silk pattern endpapers.

EUR 95,000.00

An extraordinary and extremely rare album with breath-taking colour-printed views of Egypt and Nubia, made after watercolours painted from life at the sites. We have located only one other copy, and it has fewer plates than the present copy. Although there is no title-page, each plate and the contemporary binding have the title "Nil-Album" (Nile album). The plates show a dozen ancient Egyptian temples, the pyramids at Gisa, the two famous colossal statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III at Thebes (the Colossi of Memnon), and other ancient sites, some with hieroglyphic inscriptions. While the colour views of these sites as they were ca. 1870 would be of the greatest importance by themselves, the present album provides much more. These are not mere archaeological sites showing dead ruins, but views of living Egypt, with several mosques, merchants and others operating boats and rafts on the Nile, men smoking (both a straight clay pipe and a waterpipe) in a coffee house with children and a cat, four or five tubaned musicians performing while topless women dance, men hauling water at the Nile, a street scene with a camel and fully laden donkeys, a busy street scene in Cairo (also with a man smoking a pipe) and much more, as well as landscapes and riverscapes. Thirty of the original paintings were made by Viennese landscape painter Anna Lynker (1834-post 1909: some sources say 1893), who moved to the Middle East soon after completing her studies in Graz, Karlsruhe and Dusseldorf around 1865 and remained there to at least 1877, painting in watercolours and oils. Some of her paintings were brought back to Europe before she returned herself, so the present set may have been published while she was still there. The other two were painted by Hubert Sattler (1817-1904) from Salzburg, who painted in Egypt in the 1840s and 1850s. The production of the chromolithographs was overseen by the artist Conrad Grefe (1823-1907) for Leopold Sommer (1812-1880), whose firm traded as Leopold Sommer & Comp from 1868 to 1877 or possibly later. The only copy of the present series of prints that we have located is Staatsbibliothek in Munich and contains 30 plates. - Some spotting, a few leaves with marginal restorations, inner hinges reinforced, binding slichtly chafed and the joints slightly cracked, otherwise in very good condition.
¶ WorldCat (1 copy, 30 plates only).

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12

Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Bestowal of a pension signed ("Bonaparte"). Paris, "seize Fructidor l'an 8" [i. e, 3 Sept. 1800]. Paris, "seize Fructidor l'an 8" [i. e, 3 Sept. 1800]. Oblong imperial folio (376:508 mm). 1 p.

EUR 3,500.00

Assignment to pay a pension of 200 French Francs to Marie Anne Soiron, "Veuve de Jean Louis Lianna". - Counter-signed by Lazare, Minister of War, Comte Carnot, and Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano, Napoléon's first secretary. With lithographed letterhead; somewhat dusty; larger tears to folds reinforced, slight defects to edges.

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Immediately after the Fall of Toulon
13

Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (1769-1821). Autograph letter (fragment). N. p., [after 22 Dec. 1793]. N. p., [after 22 Dec. 1793]. 4to. ¾ p.

EUR 48,000.00

Final page of the broullion of a letter to an unidentified recipient, possibly to M. Perrier, director of the arsenal of Marseille, or Sucy, commissaire des guerres. The letter, which contained extensive instructions on the deployment of artillery, was obviously written at the end of 1793 or in early 1794, immediately after the Fall of Toulon, when the Republicans won an early victory over a Royalist rebellion and Napoleon was "inspecteur des côtes". The fragment preserved here begins with the words "Le fondeur est", which are struck out, then continues: "Roux, fondeur, ést venu me demander que l'on fixe le prix de sa journée. La municipalité doit fixer le maximum sur cet objet, comme sur tant d'autres. Je crois qu'il vaut mieux payer tant par quintal de balles que par jours. Vous pouvez, pour cela, faire fixer la journée qui doit toujours être l'élément de toutes les mesures". - Lower left corner torn off (not touching text); some brownstaining, otherwise a perfect sheet. Once in the collection of André de Coppet (1892-1953), now stored at Firestone Library, Princeton.
¶ J. Arnna, Pages de l’épopée impériale (no. 6, reproduced on pl. XIV). Correspondance générale I, p. 155f., no. 130.

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Pliny's Natural History, here edited by Caesarius, friend of Erasmus
14

Plinius Secundus, Gaius (Pliny the Elder). Naturalis historiae opus. (Cologne, Eucharius Cervicornus, 1524). (Cologne, Eucharius Cervicornus, 1524). Folio. (16), 311, (60) ff. Title-page and sub-title to index with ornamental woodcut border. Woodcut initials, head and tail pieces. Calf, gold-tooled ribbed spine with title-label. Sprinkled edges.

EUR 22,500.00

First edition of the "Natural history" edited by Johannes Caesarius (1468-1550), a humanist and close friend of Erasmus. The original text was by Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23 - August 25, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder. He was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian. The text in the present edition is decorated with woodcut borders and many woodcut initials. - The "Naturalis Historia" is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to Pliny. He claims to be the only Roman ever to have undertaken such a work. It comprised 37 books in 10 volumes and covered over 20,000 facts on topics including the fields of botany, zoology, astronomy , geology and mineralogy as well as the exploitation of those resources. It remains a standard work for the Roman period and the advances in technology and understanding of natural phenomena at the time. Some technical advances he discusses are the only sources for those inventions, such as hushing in mining technology or the use of water mills for crushing or grinding corn. Much of what he wrote about has been confirmed by archaeology. ''We know from Pliny that there were important pearl fisheries in the Gulf [...] Pliny identifies Tylos (Bahrain) as a place famous for its pearls [... He] attests that pearls were the most highly rated valuable in Roman society, and that those from the Gulf were specially praised [...] The pearl related finds at the site of El-Dur indicate the site was integrated into the maritime trade routes linking the Roman Empire, the Persian Empire, India and South Arabia'' (Carter). Book 6 holds a chapter that gives the first detailed account of the regions around the Gulf, including what are now Qatar, the Emirates and Oman. - Not only is it virtually the only work which describes the work of artists of the time, and has it become an important reference work for the history of art, due to the wide range of topics, the referencing system and index it became a model for later encyclopaedias. - With manuscript notes of multiple owners on pastedown (including written ex-libris by Antonii Mauritii Seguin 1713 and Mathon de la cour 1744). Some underling in text, and notes in the margins (partly lost due to trimmed edges). A very good copy with bookplate of De Ponsainpierre on pastedown.
¶ VD 16, P 3531. Adams P 1556. BM-STC German 704. Durling 3689 (imperfect copy). Hunt 23. USTC (11 copies).

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15

Pliny, the Elder. The Historie of the World, commonly called the... Naturall Historie. London, Adam Islip, 1634. London, Adam Islip, 1634. Folio (235 x 320 mm). 2 vols. in one. (58), 614, (42) pp. (12), 632, (86) pp. Elaborate woodcut device on title-page; woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces. Contemp. calf, spine in six compartments, tooled and lettered in gilt.

EUR 15,000.00

Pliny's renowned Natural History in its second publication in English (repeating, with corrections, the 1601 first publication), translated by Philemon Holland, the greatest translator of the Elizabethan age. The "Naturalis Historia" is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to the author. Pliny claims to be the only Roman ever to have undertaken such a work. It comprised 37 books in 10 volumes and covered over 20.000 facts on topics including the fields of botany, zoology, astronomy , geology and mineralogy as well as the exploitation of those resources. It remains a standard work for the Roman period and the advances in technology and understanding of natural phenomena at the time. Some technical advances he discusses are the only sources for those inventions, such as hushing in mining technology or the use of water mills for crushing or grinding corn. Much of what he wrote about has been confirmed by archaeology. ''We know from Pliny that there were important pearl fisheries in the Gulf [...] Pliny identifies Tylos (Bahrain) as a place famous for its pearls [... He] attests that pearls were the most highly rated valuable in Roman society, and that those from the Gulf were specially praised [...] The pearl related finds at the site of El-Dur indicate the site was integrated into the maritime trade routes linking the Roman Empire, the Persian Empire, India and South Arabia'' (Carter). Book 6 holds a chapter that gives the first detailed account of the regions around the Gulf, including what are now Qatar, the Emirates and Oman. - Binding rubbed; front hinge splitting. Includes the final printed leaf in vol. 2, containing the publisher's advertisement to the reader that all errors have been corrected in the present edition and the errata leaf (included in the same position in 1601) has become unnecessary rather than having been mistakenly omitted. Some slight browning and brownstaining, but an excellent copy removed in 1973 from the Royal Meteorological Society (Symons Bequest, 1900) with their bookplate on the front pastedown.
¶ STC 20030. Cf. Pforzheimer 496 (1601 ed.).

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Coloured de luxe issue
16

Prisse d'Avennes, Achille Constant Théodore Émile. Oriental Album. Characters, Costumes, and Modes of life,... in the valley of the Nile. London, James Madden, 1848. London, James Madden, 1848. Folio (382 x 522 mm). (6), 60 pp. With mounted chromolithographed additional decorative title heightened with gold, tinted lithographed portrait, and 30 hand-coloured lithographs. Numerous wood-engraved illustrations in the text. Contemp. red half morocco with giltstamped cover and spine title. All edges gilt. Marbled endpapers. Modern calf-backed marbled boards, spine gilt with morocco label.

EUR 75,000.00

First edition. Only a small portion of the press run - as the present copy - was coloured by hand, providing the utmost detail and atmosphere to the splendid plates showing bedouins, horses, local life and costumes. One of the most sought-after and earliest publications by Prisse d'Avennes, who spent many years in Egypt after 1826, first as an engineer in the service of Mehmet Ali. After 1836 he explored Egypt disguised as an Arab, using the name Edris Effendi; during this period he carried out archaeological excavations in the valley of the Nile. In 1848 he first published his "Oriental Album". This unusual visual collection of "characters, costumes and modes of life in the valley of the Nile" is augmented by a commentary by the renowned orientalist and Egyptologist James Augustus St. John. - The frontispiece portrait depicts the artist's friend George Lloyd in the robes of a sheikh reclining with a hookah, and camels in the background. Lloyd, a botanist accompanying the expedition, accidentally shot himself whilst cleaning a rifle. - Final plate with a few minor repairs to margins; final leaf creased and with marginal repairs. One or two other minor marginal defects. - While normal copies of the first edition regularly appear in the trade or at auctions, the present coloured de luxe issue with all the plates is quite rare. The Atabey copy fetched £36,000 (Sotheby's, May 29, 2002, lot 975); the Longleat copy commanded $59,200 (Christie's, June 13, lot 110) that same year.
¶ Atabey 1001. Blackmer 1357. Lipperheide Ma 30. Colas 2427. Hiler 772. Brunet IV, 885. Graesse V, 449. Cf. Heritage Library, Islamic Treasures, s. v. "Art" (illustration). Not in Cook (Egyptological Libr.), Fumagalli (Bibliogr. Etiopica), Gay, Abbey.

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The first Qur'an available to Western scholars
17

[Qur'an - Latin]. Bibliander, Theodor, ed. Machumetis Saracenorum principis, eiusque successorum vitae, ac doctrina,... ipseque Alcoran, [...] His adiunctae sunt confutationes multorum, [...] authorum una cum Martini Lutheri proemonitione. [...] Adiunctae sunt etiam, Turcarum, [...] res gestae [...] including: Confutationes legis Machumeticae, [...] and: Historiae de Saracenorum sive Turcarum origine, moribus, [...]. [Basel, Johann Oporinus, Nikolaus Brylinger, 1543]. [Basel, Johann Oporinus, Nikolaus Brylinger, 1543]. 2 editions (1 in 3 parts) in 2 volumes. Folio (28 x 20 cm). The Qur'an and auxiliary texts with 3 title-pages and woodcut decorated initials (4 series). Set in roman types with extensive use of Greek and of two of the first italics to include sloped capitals. Lacking 1 preliminary leaf in part 1 and 2 preliminary leaves in part 3 (removed by anti-Lutheran censors). The Philo with Adam Petri's woodcut device on the title-page and in a different version above the colophon (both showing a hand with hammer and rock as anvil, with a head in a cloud blowing on it), woodcut decorated initials (5 series). Set in roman type with shoulder notes in italic and occasional words in Greek and (above the colophon) Hebrew. [21 of 23], [1 blank], 230, [9], [1 blank]; 142, [1 blank], [1]; [8], 178, [2 blank]; "163" [159 of 163], [1 blank] pp. Uniform, tanned sheepskin (ca. 1795), sewn on 6 cords, gold-tooled spines, each with an orange and a green spine label in the 2nd and 3rd of 7 compartments, blind fillets on sides, red paste-paper endpapers, red edges. - Bound with: (2) PHILO OF ALEXANDRIA. Philonis Judaei Alexandrini, libri [1] Antiquitatum. [2] Quaestionum et solutionnum in genesin. [3] De essaeis. [4] De nominibus Hebraicis. [5] De Mundo. Basel, Adam Petri, 1527.

EUR 35,000.00

First Latin edition of the Qur'an and the second edition in any language (after Paganino's Arabic edition, Venice, 1537/38, which survives in a single proof copy), complete with the extensive commentaries (many attempting to refute Islamic teachings) and historical additions in parts 2 and 3. The text is based primarily on an Arabic manuscript acquired by Pierre de Cluny and Bernard de Clairvaux in Toledo in the 12th century. De Cluny had it translated into Latin by the Englishman Robert of Ketton (sometimes called Robert of Kent and perhaps the same as Robert of Chester), also in Toledo, who completed his translation in 1143. Martin Luther acquired a copy of Ketton's 400-year-old translation and had Theodor Bibliander edit and publish it. In addition to Ketton's Latin translation, Bibliander also consulted three other manuscripts for comparison. Although the text is now known to contain many errors, it was a remarkable pioneering effort to make the text of the Qur'an available among Western scholars. It long remained nearly the only source for any European who wished to study the Qur'an, whether out of interest in Islamic culture or (more often) out of an interest in fighting the influence of Islam. - Fearing the publication of the Qur'an would raise a storm of controversy, the Basel authorities seized the printed sheets and the type used to print them on 1 July 1542 and arrested Oporinus on 30 August. He was soon released, however, and Luther and Melanchthon tried to convince the authorities to allow publication. On 7 December, the Basel council agreed on condition that neither the place of publication nor the printer be named, that Luther add a preface, and that the book be sold only in Wittenberg. Part 2 contains a compilation of earlier writings about Islam and the Quran, some printed in Greek and Latin parallel texts, including writings by Savonarola and Nicolaus Cusanus. The third part contains writings about the Ottomans, Islam, and Tamerlane's Mongolian invasion. - Many of the printing types were cut by Peter Schoeffer the younger. The roman is a northern variant of the pre-Aldine "Venetian" style, and had been in use for decades, but the two italics used in the preliminaries broke with tradition by having not only the lowercase but also the capitals sloped. After one unsuccessful precursor this idea was introduced with the larger of these types in 1537 and quickly spread, gradually driving out the Aldine-style italics with upright capitals (the present Qur'an still uses an italic with upright capitals in the shoulder notes). - The USTC follows VD16 in distinguishing 6 different versions of what is probably a single edition, with various permutations of a few variations (VD16 provides links to scans of 4 of them, and all 4 appear to be the same edition). The printing of the preliminary quires alpha and/or beta vary (some with the note to the reader under Melanchthon's name and others with it under Luther's name, with little or no change in the text) and some copies add an additional preliminary quire gamma containing Luther's preface, presumably the addition demanded by the Basel authorities. The present copy does not include the later quire gamma and it originally had the note to the reader under Luther's name. It is an interesting example of anti-Lutheran censorship, because the single preliminary leaf with this 2-page note to the reader, and 2 leaves in the preliminaries of part 3 with another text by Luther, have been removed and the references to them and to Luther on the title-page and other pages have been struck through. The word "pontificis" has also been erased on one page. - The present copy has the first edition of five short works by Philo of Alexandria, a Jewish philosopher in classical Greece, bound after the text of the Qur'an in volume 1 (the auxiliary material in parts 2 and 3 of the Qur'an is bound in volume 2). It includes a work about Hebrew names, perhaps considered valuable to scholars studying the Qur'an. - With 3 early owners' inscriptions on the title-page, 1 dated 1696 and at least 1 of the others probably earlier, occasional annotations in the text and a few words (mostly references to Luther) struck through. The binding appears to be late 18th-century. Blank leaves inserted between the 2 works in volume 1 are watermarked: crowned Bohemian (double-tailed) lion with a circle under each hind foot = I.F.[?], similar to Eineder 1096 (which has different initials and no circles), from Lower Austria, 1794. With a few worm holes in the gutter margin of the last few leaves of both volumes and occasional minor water stains or other minor blemishes. Otherwise in very good condition. The binding has some worm damage in the spine but is otherwise also very good. The first Latin edition of the Qur'an and the source for nearly all early Western Qur'anic studies.
¶ Ad 1: VD 16, K2584 (cf. K2583, K2585, ZV1036, ZV16001, ZV18456); USTC 674633 (cf. 674629-674632, 674634); cf. Adams M 1889; Göllner 1792-1793; Benzing, Luther, 2766-2768 (various issues); Enay 102 (2nd ed., Basel 1550); ad 2: VD 16, P2490; USTC 683921.

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Rare coloured copy of Roberts’s work on the Middle East
18

Roberts, David. The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia [...]. (And:)... Egypt & Nubia, from drawings made on the spot [...]. With historical descriptions by William Brockedon. London, F. G. Moon, 1842-1849. London, F. G. Moon, 1842-1849. Large folio (620 x 465 mm). 6 volumes bound in 4. Portrait of Roberts on India paper, 6 hand coloured titles and 241 superb hand coloured plates and 2 maps, with accompanying leaves of text, complete. Handsomely leather bound in half period morocco over marbled boards. All edges gilt. Binding by the London master Bennett Eedy (1799-1862) with his stamp to endpapers.

EUR 150,000.00

Both of Roberts' monumental works on the Middle East: a finely bound, coloured set of the standard folio edition. "One of the most important and elaborate ventures of nineteenth-century publishing and [...] the apotheosis of the tinted lithograph" (Abbey, p. 341). Roberts’ masterpiece was issued in 41 parts over seven years, beautifully lithographed by Louis Haghe, to whom Roberts paid tribute in glowing terms: “Haghe has not only surpassed himself, but all that has hitherto been done of a similar nature. He has rendered the views in a style clear, simple and unlaboured, with a masterly vigour and boldness which none but a painter like him could have transferred to stone.” - After an apprenticeship to the Scottish house-painter, Gavin Buego, David Roberts (1796-1864) became assistant scene painter at the Pantheon theatre in Edinburgh. He continued scene painting in Glasgow and finally, in 1821, was hired to work with Clarkson Stanfield at the Drury Lane theatre in London. In 1838 he made plans for a journey to the Near East, inspired by his passion for artistic adventure. He departed in August 1839 for Alexandria and spent the remainder of the year in Cairo and visiting the major tombs and sites of Egypt. The following February he journeyed to the Holy Land, making stops in Suez, Mount Sinai and Petra. He spent time in Gaza before entering Jerusalem and concluded his tour by spending several months visiting the biblical sites of the Holy Land. Roberts returned to England at the end of 1839 and submitted his drawings to F. G. Moon in 1840. Moon arranged to bring out a volume of Scripture history, paying Roberts 3,000 pounds for the copyright of the sketches and for overseeing Haghe's efforts. Both the exhibition of his original watercolours and the subsequent published work were an immediate success and confirmed his reputation as an architectural and landscape artist of the highest order. - Bookseller label of James Rimell, London, to pastedown. While not strictly contemporary with the date of issue, the colour in the present copy would appear to have been applied within the nineteenth century. The binder has altered the positioning of some of the plates to accommodate the original six volumes within the four-volume format. A very clean copy, occasionally showing the barest traces of foxing. A stunning set, and an economical alternative to the near-unobtainable luxury copies in hand colour issued by the publisher (a recent example, unbound in loose sheets, commanded $242,500 at Christie's in 2012).
¶ Ibrahim-Hilmy II, 176. Abbey Travel II, 272 & 385. Tooley 401. Lipperheide Ma 27. Cf. Hiler 753. The Heritage Library, Islamic Treasures, s. v. "Art" (illustration).

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His Royal Highness Saud of Saudi Arabia
19

Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1902-1969). Portrait photograph. Probably London, early 1930s. Probably London, early 1930s. Albumen print (vintage), hand-coloured and raised in gilt and opaque white. Matted (ca. 280 x 360 mm) and framed (ca. 530 x 640 mm). Signed "Lafayette" on the mat.

EUR 35,000.00

His Royal Highness Saud of Saudi Arabia, second son of and immediate successor to Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the founder of Saudi Arabia, as a young prince. A fine, splendidly hand-coloured portrait by Lafayette Studios, Photographers Royal and among the world's most prestigious studios of the early 20th century. - In immaculate condition.

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Vanderbilt's Hippodrome in Watercolour
20

Vanderbilt, William Kissam. Hippodrome de Carrieres-sous-Poissy, Seine et Oise, appartenant a... Mr. Vanderbilt W. K. Paris, Ch[arles] Robin, 1903-4-11. Paris, Ch[arles] Robin, 1903-4-11. Large hand-coloured four-sheet plan. Pen and ink, graphite and watercolour on paper laid on canvas. Framed and glazed. Dimensions: app. 90 x 170 cm (sheet); 105 x 205 cm (frame).

EUR 45,000.00

Large manuscript plan in beautiful colour; a unique witness to Vanderbilt's passion and ambitions. A member of the prominent American Vanderbilt family, William Kissam (1849-1920) managed railroads and was also a horse breeder. He was one of the founders of The Jockey Club and the owner of a successful racing stable. In 1896, Vanderbilt built the American Horse Exchange at 50th Street (Manhattan). In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS William K. Vanderbilt was named in his honour. - This impressive plan represents the horse-racing stable and track at the chateau, which Vanderbilt built in 1906, with the help of Henri Guillaume and Pierre Sardou, architects. He purchased in 1903 the land in an area of Poissy called Les Gresillons, 20 miles outside Paris. At the time, he ran a breeding operation in Deauville, making the location, also called "Carrieres-sous-Poissy", particularly convenient since it is on the way from Paris to Deauville. The hippodrome comprised three oval tracks, the outer of which measured 2400 metres, as well as a straight track. A long wall separated the racing areas from the Chateau St-Louis where the Vanderbilts lived, called the Chemin Plat, now known as Avenue Vanderbilt. With the beginning of World War I, the racing stables were shut down and eventually sold. The Chateau St. Louis is now the corporate headquarters for a local quarry, which spreads over the land previously occupied by the hippodrome. As of today, only the residential building known as "Chateau Grésillons" still stands and is currently being restored. - Provenance: Ralph Esmerian (New York jeweler).

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