931

Godefroy, Henri. Traicte et remonstrance a tous chrestiens, et specialement... au peuple de Paris, pour detester & delaisser l'usure: avec ample resolution des cas & difficultez d'icelle. Paris, Nicolas Chesneau, 1577. Paris, Nicolas Chesneau, 1577. 8vo. (32), 382, (2) pp. Fine printer's mark on title and several decorated initials. Contemporary limp vellum, spine with traces of former calf reinforcement.

EUR 2,500.00

First and only edition. A rare treatise against usury written "for all Christians and particularly for the people of Paris". The author launches a vehement attack on luxury in general and on the taking of interest as one of the greatest of all sins, forbidden by all laws, and against the law of nature. He discusses the prohibitions by Mosaic law, the Prophets, Jesus Christ, the Apostles, canon law and civil law and quotes from the proclamations against usury and usurers issued by the Paris parliament in 1565, by Charles IX in 1567 and by Henry III in 1577. The second part of the book provides more detailed information about the various types of usury, how to approach them, how to treat usurers, etc. As an example of God's hatred of luxury and usury, the author reminds the reader of the dreadful fate of the city of Antwerp, "one of the richest and most prosperous cities in all Christianity", which was sacked in the "Spanish Fury" only a year before the publication of this book, causing the end of Antwerp's prosperity. Godefroy calls himself "Parisien, profez en l'Abbaye S. Denis en France, & docteur en la faculté de Theologie à Paris". - Binding worn, both covers nearly detached. Upper margin of first and last leaves stained, some leaves spotted. Old ownership to title-page (dated 1681); additional early annotations to verso of final leaf. Very rare.
¶ OCLC 492381754. Not in Adams or BM-STC French. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Masui. WorldCat locates 4 copies only (Mazarine; Sainte-Genevieve; Lyon; LMU Munich).

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From the library of the Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
932

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Zur Farbenlehre. Nebst einem Hefte mit sechzehn Kupfertafeln. Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1810. Tübingen, J. G. Cotta, 1810. 8vo and 4to. 2 vols. and volume of plates. XLVIII, 654 pp. XXVIII, 757 pp. With 17 plates (12 in colour; with the extra plate after no. II). Contemp. half calf with giltstamped Saxon arms on covers. Edges marbled.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition of Goethe's principal scientific work, the "Farbenlehre", including the quarto-sized "Erklärung der zur Goethe’s Farbenlehre gehörigen Tafeln". "Goethe's first publication on optics culminated in his 'Zur Farbenlehre', his longest and, in his own view, best work, today known principally as a fierce and unsuccessful attack on Newton's demonstration that white light is composite" (DSB V, 445). The plates are of various sizes, showing this to be the earliest impression of the 17-plate set, but do not have the manuscript corrections present in some copies (cf. Hagen, p. 170). - Bindings somewhat rubbed; occasional brownstaining due to paper. A fine, complete copy in its first binding, originally in the library of the Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: gilt Saxon arms on the marbled covers; armorial stamps to all titles. Most famously, Duke Karl August was Goethe's friend, lord, and benefactor.
¶ Hagen 347, 347 d. Goedeke IV 3, 583 (46). Kippenberg I, 386, 389. Hirzel A 288. Speck 2289/90. Schmid 55-58. Brieger 733. WG² 79.

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Er aber, sags ihm, er kann mich im Arsch lecken.
933

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Götz von Berlichingen mit der eisernen Hand. Ein... Schauspiel. [Darmstadt, G H. Eylausche Erben (J. G. Wittich) für Merck im Selbstverlag], 1773. [Darmstadt, G H. Eylausche Erben (J. G. Wittich) für Merck im Selbstverlag], 1773. Small 8vo. 206 pp. Contemporary half calf, with two labels to spine, stored in a two-piece leather slipcase.

EUR 28,000.00

Rare first edition, self-published by Goethe and Merck in a very small press run. This first impression of the play about the maverick adventurer-poet Götz von Berlichingen contains the hero's famously profane "Swabian salute" unexpurged (p. 133); it was truncated in later editions. In spite of sluggish initial sales, the play enjoyed a sensational success, making the author instantly famous and calling forth severe criticism as well as praise. - Some brownstaining and fingerstaining. Provenance: handwritten ownership "Louis Prèschamps" (ca. 1880) on title-page; an old annotation on the final leaf has been removed. Acquired from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015), a specialist in economic, commercial and insolvency law.
¶ Hagen 46. WG² 6. Goedeke IV, 3, 143, 2. Kippenberg I, 348. Brieger 682. Hirzel A 33. Speck 712. Goethe-Bibliothek Meyer 23.

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934

Graswinckel, Dirck. Placcaten, ordonnantien ende reglementen, op 't stuck vande... lijf-tocht, sulcx als de selve van outs tot herwaerts toe op alle voorvallen van hongers-noot en dieren-tijdt beraemt zijn ende ghedaen publiceeren [...]. (With:) Aenmerckinghen ende betrachtinghen, op de placcaten, ordonnantien, ende reglementen, &c. over 't stuck van kooren ende greynen [...]. Leiden, Elsevier, 1651. Leiden, Elsevier, 1651. Folio (295 x 312 mm). (12), 203, (1), 175, (1) pp. Contemporary half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 2,800.00

First and only printing. A treatise on the economy of the grain trade, one of the principal economic works of the 17th century. According to Van Rees, it contains "many pages whose content would have done honour to the writings of Turgot or Adam Smith". The first part collects all regulations concerning the grain trade in the Netherlands from 1501 to 1634. It is printed in double columns, with the text of the regulations and Graswinckel's Latin translation. The second part contains Graswinckel's commentary on the grain trade, with marginal notes in Latin. Graswinckel (1600-66) regarded agriculture as the country's principal source of wealth. He advocated free grain trade and high prices for agricultural products, wishing export restrictions to be kept to a minimum. He also fought other obstacles to free trade, such as prohibitions on buying future harvest (pre-purchase) and on sales without immediate delivery. Also, he proved shrewdly to have understood the causes of the 17th century grain price increase, which he linked to the influx of gold and silver from the West Indies. Schumpeter notes that while Graswinckel's insights were not new in 1651, he had a better understanding of the underlying price mechanisms, and that many would place him (with his contemporary Pieter de la Court) above his English contemporaries on the basis of his liberal views on domestic and foreign trade, finding that both writers should occupy a prominent position in a history of economic thought. This copy has the Dutch title; other copies, otherwise identical, bear the Latin one. Flyleaves, half-title and final leaves slightly frayed without loss of text.
¶ Goldsmiths' 1201. Dekkers p. 66, 7. Willems 694 (Dutch) & 695 (Latin). Liesker p. 61 & 262. Schumpeter 197 & 368. Van Rees I, 326. Laspeyres p. 205 & no. 178. Palgrave II, 256. Not in Kress.

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The rare first edition of the foundation work of modern international law
935

Grotius, Hugo. De jure belli ac pacis libri tres. In... quibus ius naturae & gentium: item iuris publici praecipua explicantur. Paris, Nicolas Buon, 1625. Paris, Nicolas Buon, 1625. 4to (240 x 169 mm). (36), 506, (2), 553-586, (8) pp. Title printed in red and black, roman and italic type, a few words or phrases in Greek type, shoulder notes. Woodcut printer's device on title, woodcut head and tail-pieces and floriated initials. Contemp. French calf, spine with 5 raised bands richly gilt in compartments and with gilt-lettering in 2nd compartment (extremities rubbed, corners bumped and worn, boards rubbed, foot of spine little chipped), marbled endpapers, red-sprinkled edges.

EUR 150,000.00

First edition of the "foundation of modern international law" (PMM). A prodigy in his youth, Grotius became a statesman and thinker of the greatest integrity whose influence on modern European thought can scarcely be overestimated. In 1619, cutting short a successful career in the law and diplomacy, Grotius was sentenced to life imprisonment in the Louvestein fortress in Holland by order of the stadtholder, Prince Maurice of Nassau, for having attempted to orchestrate a compromise between the Calvinist and anti-Spanish party, led by Maurice, and the more moderate Remonstrant party, who advocated self-government of the Dutch states in matters of religion. After a dramatic escape two years later (his wife smuggled him out of jail in a book trunk), Grotius took refuge in France, where he survived on meagre pensions, settling in 1623 in the country house of the President de Meme near Senlis, close to the property of de Thou fils, who gave him free access to his father's splendid library. There Grotius began writing his master work, "De jure belli ac pacis". Many of the ideas developed therein had been outlined in an unpublished work of his youth, "De jure praedae", the manuscript of which he had brought with him, enabling him to finish the treatise in under a year. The fundamental importance of the mature work is its attempt, a century before the spread of the Enlightenment, "to obtain a principle of right, and a basis for society and government, outside the church or the Bible" (M. Pattison, art. "Grotius", Enc. Brit. 1911, v. 12, p. 623). "The distinction between religion and morality is not clearly made, but Grotius' principle of an immutable law, which God can no more alter than a mathematical axiom, was the first expression of the 'droit naturel', the natural law which exercised the great political theorists of the eighteenth century, and is the foundation of modern international law" (PMM). - Buon commenced printing the work in November 1624. By using two or three presses, a few copies, presumably of the first state (Ter Meulen/D., p. 565), were ready to be sent to the Frankfurt fair in March 1625. This first state (of which Ter Meulen and Diermanse record only one copy, at the Bodleian) contains no table, indices, addenda or errata; all but the errata were added, constituting a second state (Ter Meulen/D. 565'), copies of which are also extremely rare, as it appears not to have been published. Both first and second states contain substantive textual variants, principally in bifolium 3Q2.3 and in quires 5E-5G, which were modified under the author's supervision, probably in the course of printing, forming a third and final state. While 3Q2.3 appear to have been entirely re-typeset, other corrections or revisions, according to Grotius's bibliographers, appear erratically in different copies. States II and III have title in red and black, in both, book 3, ch. 24 begins on p. 781 and text ends on p. 786, and both are complete, except that state II lacks the errata. Our copy conforms to state III, with the following points present: mis-signing 3 as o3 and 3C2 as 3C3, misprinting of p. 212 as 213, 407 as 707, 410 as 41, 456 as 458, 492 as 462; gathering 3C2 (pp. 385/386-391/392) has double page numbering to fill up the count preceding 393 on 3D1r; that sequence continues through 464 (3M4v), then reverts to the actual count beginning with 461 on 3N1r. Book 3 begins on leaf 4A1r (p. 553), as if preceded by A-3Z? (which would end with p. 552), indicating that its printing was begun before completion of the preceding text. State III leaves 3Q2-3 (p. 487-490) are a resetting of states I and II, with incorrect headline "LIB. III" on p. 489 (perhaps an unmodified re-used headline from book 3), though it has not been determined whether the inner bifolium 3Q2.3 only, or the whole of 3Q, was reprinted. - Leaves a3 and a4 loose, short tear in blank margin of p. 213, little occasional spotting and browning of text, small wormhole to lower corner of first few leaves. Occasional light pencil annotations, text markings and corrections in contemporary hand. Provenance: M. de Kernier (bookplate to front pastedown), De Lherbetti, Lieutenant Criminel au Chateau du Loire (inscription on title-page). An outstanding, clean and completely unsophisticated copy.
¶ PMM 125. Ter Meulen, Liste bibl. de 70 editions et traductions du De lure belli ac pacis, p. 9-10. Ter Meulen/Diermanse, Bibliographie des écrits imrimés de Hugo Grotius, La Haye, 1950. Books That Made Europe p. 86.

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First edition of a voyage to China and the Philippines, with 92 engraved illustrations and 6 engraved maps
936

Guignes, Chrétien-Louis-Joseph de. Voyages a Peking, Manille et l'Île de France,... fait dans l'intervalle des années 1784 à 1801 [...]. Paris, l'Imprimerie Impériale (J.J. Marcel) for Treuttel and Würtz, 1808. Paris, l'Imprimerie Impériale (J.J. Marcel) for Treuttel and Würtz, 1808. 3 text volumes (8vo) & atlas volume (folio). The atlas with 92 engraved illustrations on 61 leaves by De Guines after Deserve and 6 engraved maps (4 folding) by d'Houdan. Contemporary gold-tooled tree calf with marbled endpapers (text vols.), modern gold-tooled half sheepskin, marbled sides (atlas). The atlas untrimmed, leaving deckles intact.

EUR 15,000.00

First edition of an esteemed and well-illustrated account of China and the Philippines by the French sinologist and lexicographer Chrétien-Louis-Joseph de Guignes. De Guignes lived in China for 17 years, partly as Resident of France in China and consul at Canton. He was attached as interpreter to the Dutch embassy to Beijing (1794-1795), led by Titsingh and Van Braam. His engaging travelogue recounts his experiences in China, with illustrations after sketches that he made on the spot. De Guignes's narrative provides an interesting and personal perspective on the embassy to Beijing. - De Guignes was the son of the distinguished sinologist Joseph de Guignes, and a correspondent for the Académie des Sciences and the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. He authored an important dictionary, the "Dictionnaire Chinois-Français et Latin" (1813). A German translation of the "Voyages" appeared in Leipzig in 1809-1810. - Slightly browned, plates in the atlas spotted and slightly dirty, the bindings slightly worn, otherwise in good condition.
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 2351f. Gay 3307. Löwendahl 738. Lust 336. Morison II, 104. Reed & Demattè 11.

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937

[Hoernigk, Philipp Wilhelm von]. Oesterreich über alles, wann es nur will; das... ist: wohlmeynender Fürschlag, wie, mittelst einer wohlbestellten Landes-Oeconomie, die Kayserl. Königl. Erb-Lande in kurtzem über alle andere Staaten von Europa zu erheben [...]. Zu welchem noch ein Anhang, von unpartheyischen Gedancken uber die Oesterreichische Landes-Oeconomie [...]. Neueste Auflage. Frankfurt & Leipzig, no printer, 1750. Frankfurt & Leipzig, no printer, 1750. 8vo. (10), 420 p. With an engraved frontispiece. Contemporary sprinkled boards with giltstamped label to spine.

EUR 1,500.00

A well-received edition of one of the major works of mercantilism, with many valuable suggestions for improvements to the Austrian economy. First published in 1684, the work achieved great popularity and by 1784 had been reprinted some fifteen times. It was, however, never translated (and Carpenter explains that "one need look no further than the title to ascertain one of the reasons"). The present edition, the thirteenth according to Carpenter, is the first to contain the "Impartial Thoughts About the Austrian Economy" (pp. 317-420), with a separate title-page, "compiled from the papers of an experienced cameralist", possibly the anonymous publisher of this edition. - Ownership stamp of the lawyer Dr. M. Florer, Erfurt, to title. A nice copy.
¶ Carpenter VI, 14. Humpert 82. This edition not in Kress.

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Rare series of 50 views of Russian customs and costumes
938

Houbigant, Armand Gustave. Moeurs et costumes des Russes, représentés en 50... planches coloriées, exécutées en lithographie. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817. Folio. (4), 20 pp. text. With wood-engraved illustration on title page and 50 numbered lithographed plates in the publisher's hand colour. Modern half calf, with part of the original lithographed wrappers mounted on front.

EUR 35,000.00

Printer's issue of the rare first edition of a series of hand-coloured views of Russian customs and costumes, executed by the French artist Armand Gustave Houbigant (1789-1862) in collaboration with the artist Hippolyte Bellangé and the early experimental lithographer Charles de Lasteyrie. With 20 pages of letterpress text giving descriptions of the plates. Most of the plates are (in part) copies from Atkinson's "A picturesque representation of the manners, customs, and amusements of the Russians" (1803-04), but are here executed in typical chalk lithographs instead of Atkinson's aquatints. - Regular issues were printed with the names of the publishers: Paris, Treuttel & Wurtz, and Strasbourg, "même maison de commerce". A second edition was published in 1821, and 30 of the plates were published in "Recueil de trente croquis lithographies representant des scenes et costumes Russes". - Each leaf mounted to modern stubs, some occasional spots, title-page slightly browned, and some of the impressions of the plates a bit weak, the colouring still very good. A very good copy, wholly untrimmed.
¶ Bobins Collection 195. Colas 1496. Hiler 448. WorldCat (7 copies). Cf. Lipperheide 1352f. (1821 ed.). For Houbigant see Thieme/Becker XVII, 554.

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Unique scrapbook of rare engravings and original drawings, including works by J. E. Ridinger, Pieter van Laer, Jost Amman, Matthäus Merian, and Wenceslaus Hollar
939

[Hunting and horses]. A 20th century collector's privately compiled scrapbook of... engravings, etchings, drawings, and watercolours. Various places, 15th to 19th century. Various places, 15th to 19th century. 21 drawings and watercolours and 59 engravings and etchings, all mounted in an album with 65 leaves numbered in pencil. A folio volume (251 x 337 mm) bound in 18th century red morocco, finely gilt (a remboitage) with modern label "Ridinger Hunde" on spine. Marbled endpapers. Stored within a custom-made marbled slipcase.

EUR 15,000.00

A fine scrapbook album of original artwork and early prints with a focus on horses and the art of hunting dating from the early Renaissance, privately compiled by the German entrepreneur Hans Dedi (1918-2016). The very first of the many fine drawings is a pencil, ink and wash hunting scene, dated 1759 (p. 1): the original design for the title of the monumental Baroque plan showing the "Parc d'Eisenstatt" by the Esterházys' engineer and architect Nicolaus Jacoby, signed by the artist (the engraving was subsequently prepared by Martin Tyroff). Most of Jacoby's work for the Eisenstadt palace is kept in the palace archives, making this a rare item. It is followed by an appealing, unsigned ink hunting scene, ca. 1700 (p. 5) and a pencil and wash greyhound, signed by the Dutch-Roman painter Pieter De Laer, ca. 1640 (p. 6). Also, three ink and wash scenes (horses, hunter, hare) on one sheet (p. 7): patterns for metalwork by a German master, ca. 1570, signed "Hanns Lederschmid [changed soon after to: Hanns Jakob Vogel] ist dieses ghüs [i.e. Gehäuse, frame]" (from the collection of Eugène Rodrigues, 1853-1928, his stamp: Lugt 897; sold as no. 76 in the catalogue of F. Muller, Amsterdam, 12/13 July 1921). Pages 8-9 comprise a total of eight watercolour deer and shooting scenes on 2 sheets, ca. 1800; p. 10 shows a cut out ink and wash design for a gun wheellock with a hunting scene. An ink and wash scene of a bear at bay after Jost Amman, ca. 1600, adorns p. 22; p. 31 bears a gouache on vellum (large boar in rocky landscape), attributed to Johann Christoph Dietzsch, ca. 1760; p. 32 has a a scene of hunter and dog (cut out pencil and wash on vellum, decoration for a snuff or pill box); p. 33 shows a pen and ink wash of trapping birds. On page 34 is a large Persian watercolour, ca. 1460/80, depicting the Persian ruler Bahram Gur shooting a lion and a wild ass with a single arrow (from a MS of Nezami's "Haft Peykar"); p. 47 shows an ink and wash of a stag set upon by hounds, by Joseph Georg Winter (with later attribution on verso). - The prints are consistently of a similarly high quality. They include the complete publication of Johann Elias Ridinger's set of canines, "Neues Thier Reis-Büchl. Erster Theil, allerley Art Hunde vorstellend" (Augsburg, 1728) comprising the title and 11 plates (ZBI 3409; Th. 725-736). Other engravings worthy of mention include two woodcut riding scenes from Theuerdank, 1517 (p. 2-3, including an early proof without text on verso); an engraved boar hunting scene by Augustin Hirschvogel, 1569 version (p. 4); four engraved hunting scenes after Bartholomaeus van Lochom, ca. 1640 (pp. 14-17); two woodcut hunting scenes after Jost Amman (p. 18); two engraved hunting scenes by Johann Siebmacher, ca. 1600 (p. 23); a woodcut of King Henry the Fowler with a falcon, 1621, representing the relief in Regensburg's Dollingersaal (p. 24); six engraved hunting scenes by Aubry after Matthäus Merian (pp. 25-30); a hunting scene (Hercules and the Ceryneian Hind, Bartsch 95, Holstein S 50) by Heinrich Aldegrever, 1550 (p. 33); 12 engraved hunting scenes by Claude Savary and B. Gaultier, from the collection of William A. Baillie-Grohman (1851-1921) with his stamp, Lugt 370 (pp. 35-46); a stag by Wenceslaus Hollar, 1649, after a drawing by Albrecht Dürer from 1518 (p. 61); Hollar's large hunting still life after Peter Boel, from the collection of the counts of Fries with Franz Rechberger's signature (1802) on verso (p. 62); a hunter with rifle and hounds, by Johann Jakob Biedermann, ca. 1820, with stamp of the Öffentliche Kunstsammlung im Museum zu Basel, Lugt 222a (p. 63); and a stag hunt scene by Pierre Firens, ca. 1620 (p. 64), with several others. - Binding a little rubbed in places. A fine anthology, personally compiled over several decades through private purchases in the trade and at auction, frequently drawing on material formerly in notable 18th, 19th and earlier 20th century collections, by the Swiss-born German merchant and entrepreneur Hans Dedi, chairman of the "Quelle" mail order concern and the Schickedanz business group, with his bookplate on the front pastedown and his handwritten annotations and acquisition notes on loosely inserted sheets.

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A manual on horses, illustrated with 21 large miniatures
940

[Indian Care of Horses]. Shalihotra Samhita. North-west India, 19th century. 4to (230 x 180 mm). Illustrated manuscript on paper in Hindi. 110, (4) pp., ruled in black and red. With 21 painted miniatures, partly heightened in gold and silver. Bound in modern Indian cloth.

EUR 15,000.00

A strikingly illustrated 19th c. manuscript excerpt of the "Shalihotra," a classic of Ayurvedic hippiatry attributed to the legendary founder of Indian veterinary science. Horses were a vital part of Indian culture, and a tradition of hippiatry developed in parallel to human medicine: the sage Shalihotra was said to have been educated alongside Agnivesha - one of the earliest authors on Ayurvedic medicine. Shalihotra's treatise on the care and breeding of horses was translated into many languages and edited into many recensions. This manuscript contains 21 detailed illustrations of horses in various states of distress, with one - depicting a horse being led by a male figure - heightened in gold. It is written in at least four hands and may represent a "core" recension of the text with additional medical knowledge added over time. Several later manuscript annotations in blue ink and pencil record herbal recipes for analgesics and other cures, while the upper corner of one leaf bears a talismanic square made up of an Arabic prayer. - Some leaves bound upside down; light dampstain affecting first 30 leaves, marginal paper repairs affecting text on 14 leaves, but still overall a very appealing manuscript. - From the library of Jay Snider, with his bookplate loosely inserted.

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941

[India - photographs]. Collection of 57 albumen prints by Charles T.... Scowen, Lala Deen Diyal, and other photographers. Mounted on cardboard and with contemporary handwritten captions. India, 1886-1887. India, 1886-1887. Measurements of prints mainly between ca 155 x 195 and 225 x 280 mm. Cardboard measurements 285 x 359 mm. In stable leather box with brass snap-lock; covers and sides gilt; top with gilt lettering "Indien 1886-87".

EUR 18,000.00

A collection owned by the Austrian Imperial ensign Ferdinand Bublay, who was later to take part in the second circumnavigation of the world by the corvette "Fasana" (1893ff.). Contains 9 photos of Sri Lanka (Colombo, Kandy, Anuradhapura), 6 of Bombay (with the temple of Karli), 6 of Jaipur (and Amber), 3 of Delhi, 15 of Agra (of which 6 show the Taj Mahal), 4 of Lucknow, 1 of Benares, 6 of Calcutta, 5 of Darjeeling (and the Himalaya), as well as 2 pictures of natives (without precise location). Among the largely unsigned photographs are also several which can be attributed to important artists. At least three of the Ceylon photos are by Charles T. Scowen (fl. 1873-90); another of Jaipur is signed by Lala Deen Dayal (also: Diyal; 1844-1911); two others can be attributed to him due to his characteristic negative numbers. - Scowen arrived in Ceylon early in the 1870s, where he built up a successful studio within a few years. "His photographs have been judged technically and compositionally superior to the work of other British photographers working in the area. His prints show the natives at home and at work as well as the natural beauty of the island and its plant species" (National Galleries of Scotland). His pictures of the island are to be found in many important collections, among them the British Library, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Getty Museum, and the New York Metropolitan Museum. - Deen Dayal probably learnt the photography trade at the Thomason Civil Engineering College in Roorkee in 1863. After working for several years as an engineer and draughtsman in Indore, he in 1874 began his activity as a professional photographer (photo portraits of the Viceroy and the Prince of Wales, e. g.). His company remained one of the most important in India up until his death. "Much of this pre-eminence was accounted for by the sponsorship of both Europeans and Indians in high places: he was chosen to accompany Sir Henry Daly on his tour of the Bundalkund Agencies and in 1882 travelled through central India with Sir Lepel Griffin. The most important of these patrons however was the Nizam of Hyderabad who in 1884 appointed him state photographer and paved the way for his similar employment by a number of Viceroys" (Janus Archive Catalogue, Cambridge Univ.). - Very well preserved throughout in the original reddish-brown or purple, occasionally also slightly yellowish tone; virtually no signs of fading. Detailed list available upon request.

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The Hammer of Witches - editio princeps
942

Institoris, Heinrich. Malleus maleficarum. [Speyer, Peter Drach, before April 1487]. [Speyer, Peter Drach, before April 1487]. Folio (215 x 294 mm). 129 ff. (wants final blank). 48 lines, double-columned, gothic type. Rubricated, with lombardic initials in red and blue, occasional pen flourishes, paragraph marks at beginning of chapter headings, some capital strokes. 19th-c. white paper boards with printed paper spine label. Stored in custom-made full green morocco gilt clamshell box.

EUR 175,000.00

First edition of the notorious "Hammer of Witches", which laid down procedures for finding out and convicting witches. Due to the innovation of the printing press, it contributed significantly to the early modern witch craze. "The most important and most sinister work on demonology ever written. It crystallized into a fiercely stringent code previous folklore about black magic with church dogma on heresy, and, if any one work could, opened the floodgates of the inquisitorial hysteria [... it was] the source, inspiration, and quarry for all subsequent treatises on witchcraft" (Robbins, Encyclopaedia of Witchcraft and Demonology). The book was published and republished in at least 13 editions up to 1520, then revived from the late 16th century, undergoing at least 16 editions between 1574 and 1669, as well as numerous editons in German, French and English. Complete copies of the first edition are rare, and only a few copies are found in American institutions. - Upper cover stained and soiled, first three pages of text with some soiling and staining, neat repair to final printed leaf. All in all, a remarkably fine, clean copy from the famous Donaueschingen library of the princes of Fürstenberg with their printed spine title and shelfmark "298" on the spine label (repeated in pencil on recto of f. 1).
¶ HC* 9238. Goff I-163. British Library IB.8581 (acquired in 1867 but not recorded in BMC). ISTC ii00163000. Coumont I4.2. Danet 16. Graesse III, 425.

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A Complicated Incunable for a Bohemian Witch-Hunter
943

Institoris, Heinrich (Heinrich Kramer). Sancte Roma[n]e eccl[esi]e fidei defe[n]sio[n]is p[ro]pungnaculu[m] [!] Adversus... walde[n]sium seu Pickardorum heresim Certas germanie Bohemieq[ue] naciones in odium cleri ac enervacione[m] ecclesiastice potestatis virnlenta [!] co[n]tagio[n]e sparsi[m] inficientis [...]. Olmütz, Conrad Baumgarten, 20. IV. 1501. Olmütz, Conrad Baumgarten, 20. IV. 1501. Folio (220 x 315 mm). 128 ff. (a-b8, c-d6, e4, f6, g4, h-p6, q4, r-x6, y4; page count: [t.p.], iii, v, iiii, v-ix, v, xiii, xii, [2 ff.], xiiii, xvi-xliii, xlvii, xlv-cvii, cix-cxxviii), complete thus. With half-page title woodcut, full-page woodcut on verso, large woodcut initial, and printer's device at the end (all with contemporary touches of red ink), as well as numerous fleuronee and lombardic initials in red and green, including five figurated initials. Rubricated throughout. Contemp. blindstamped gothic binding: dark brown calf over wooden boards, remains of engraved brass clasps.

EUR 85,000.00

First edition of this polemic against the Bohemian Brethren, written by the author of the notorious "Malleus Maleficarum": a "Bulwark of Faith of the Holy Roman Church Against the Heresy of the Waldensians and Picards". Extremely rare: the present copy represents the hitherto unknown first impression of the first edition, still bearing a slightly different title; all other known copies printed that same year (three via OCLC, one in the Scientific Library of Olomouc, one in the Bavarian State Library), as well as the 1502 second edition, are entitled "Sancte Romane ecclesie fidei defensionis clippeum adversus waldensium seu pickardorum heresim, certas Germanie Bohemieque nationes in odium cleri ac enervatioe ecclesiatice potestatis virulenta contagione sparsim inficientes" (changing the - misspelled - "bulwark" into a "shield"). Quire signatures and pagination depart from those stated by OCLC in several details. In particular, the head-over-heels "u" in "virulenta" (here printed as "virnlenta", corrected in other editions), identifies the present variant as the earliest one. - In the year 1500, 15 years after he first published his "Malleus Maleficarum", Institoris had been installed by Pope Alexander VI as inquisitor to Bohemia and Moravia, where he was to take action agains heretics, sorcerers, and witches (cf. Tschacher). In the present work, his last to see publication, "he once more invokes his 'Malleus' and his earlier sermons against witchery and its doubters. The Bohemian Waldenses, he argues, had not only perpetrated numerous heresies, but also questioned the legitimacy of the witch trials. It is telling that Kramer, in his final polemic, would interpret the heresies of the Waldenses and witches as conjoined harbingers of the approaching apocalypse" (ibid.). The inquisitor who prided himself on having sent no fewer than 200 witches to the stake discusses other heresies as well: fol. 86ff. contains an entire chapter "De origine legis machometice". - One of the most extensive and technically ambitious works to leave the press of the itinerant German printer Konrad Baumgarten, active in Danzig, Olomouc, Breslau, and Frankfurt/Oder between 1498 and 1509. The page count is exceedingly confused, as in all copies. Indeed, only a single leaf in the entire "a" gathering bears a signature: the second, counted as "a iii" in error; thus agreeing with all copies available for comparison. The count of the first four leaves in our copy has therefore been corrected to "a i-iv" in red ink by a contemporary hand. - From the library of the disputatious Bohemian Franciscan friar John Aquensis, who in 1502 was to publish his own polemic against the "Picards", with his marginalia and his autograph ownership on the title page. "Although Johannes Aquensis, Jan Vodnansky in Czech, was one of the most active Catholic writers at the turn of the Middle Ages to the Age of Reformation, he has been largely ignored by scholarship so far. Born in Vodhany (some 30 kilometers to the north-west of Budweis and considered Utraquist) around 1460, he attended the school of St. Henry's in Prague since 1473, later studying Divinity at the University there. After obtaining his Bachelor's degree in 1480, he joined the Observant Franciscans and soon became one of the most vocal antagonists of the Utraquists, Begards, Waldensians, Bohemian Brethren, and other heretics. He disappears after 1534 [...] Most of his works, almost entirely ignored by scholarship but apparently marked by a curious mixture of erudition, bellicose dialectics, vivid imagination, and credulity, are known in manuscripts only; a very few were printed, and some must be presumed lost or awaiting discovery" (cf. Dietrich Kurze, Märkische Waldenser und Böhmische Brüder. Zur brandenburgischen Ketzergeschichte und ihrer Nachwirkung im 15. und 16. Jh., in: H. Beumann [ed.], Festschrift für Walter Schlesinger II [Cologne 1974], p. 456-502, at: 480). Some staining to first and last leaf; occasional insignificant waterstaining, otherwise very clean, showing very little browning. Altogether an excellent copy in its contemporary, original binding. The individual blindstamps could not be traced in the Kyriss or Schunke collections; the clasp hitches are engraved with an invocation of the Virgin ("MARIA AVE"). Text carefully rubricated throughout; the inhabited initials depict dragons and other mythical creatures, as well as the bearded head of an old man. - Of the utmost rarity: this present first edition is not listed in German or international auction records. The last copy of any edition in the trade was that formerly in the Broxbourne collection (1502 second ed.: Sotheby's, 8 May 1978, lot 408, to Breslauer).
¶ Not in VD 16 or ISTC. Cf. Panzer VII, 486, 1. Cf. OCLC 22369397. Zibrt III, 5181. Isaac 14475. Werner Tschacher, "Kramer, Heinrich (Henricus Institoris)", in: Lex. zur Geschichte der Hexenverfolgung, ed. G. Gersmann, K. Moeller & J.-M. Schmidt (historicum.net, ).

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First edition of Kant's most highly regarded work
944

Kant, Immanuel. Critik der reinen Vernunft. Riga, Johann Friedrich Hartknoch, 1781. Riga, Johann Friedrich Hartknoch, 1781. 8vo (205 x 123 mm). Engraved title vignette and a few small engraved vignettes in text. Contemporary marbled paper-covered boards, flat spine with orange label lettered in gilt, edges red. Modern cloth box, orange label.

EUR 40,000.00

One of the most influential works in the history of philosophy. In the preface to this first edition Kant explains what he means by a critique of pure reason: "I do not mean by this a critique of books and systems, but of the faculty of reason in general, in respect of all knowledge after which it may strive independently of all experience." Before Kant, it was generally held that truths of reason must be analytic, meaning that what is stated in the predicate must already be present in the subject (for example, "An intelligent man is intelligent" or "An intelligent man is a man"). In either case, the judgment is analytic because it is ascertained by analyzing the subject. It was thought that all truths of reason, or necessary truths, are of this kind: that in all of them there is a predicate that is only part of the subject of which it is asserted. If this were so, attempting to deny anything that could be known a priori (for example, "An intelligent man is not intelligent" or "An intelligent man is not a man") would involve a contradiction. It was therefore thought that the law of contradiction is sufficient to establish all a priori knowledge. "The influence of Kant is paramount in the critical method of modern philosophy. No other thinker has been able to hold with such firmness the balance between speculative and empirical ideas. His penetrating analysis of the elements involved in synthesis, and the subjective process by which these elements are realized in the individual consciousness, demonstrated the operation of 'pure reason'; and the simplicity and cogency of his arguments achieved immediate fame. Kant's achievements in other branches of philosophy were equally distinguished and fruitful [...] His methods [...] dominated western philosophical thought throughout the 19th century, as they do today" (PMM). - Provenance: Librarie Schlesinger, Vevey (bookseller's small ticket). - Some light marginal spotting, occasional light marginal browning or staining. Extremities rubbed, sides scuffed.
¶ Warda 59. Norman 1197. PMM 226.

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Long-lost contemporary portrait of Goethe's patron
945

[Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach]. Portrait of Duke Karl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. [Weimar, after 1775]. [Weimar, after 1775]. 590 x 460 mm. Pastel on vellum. Framed and glazed.

EUR 9,500.00

Unsigned, undated half length portrait of the Duke (1757-1828), Goethe's friend and patron, in his early twenties. The work of an unidentified Thuringian master is probably identical with that listed as no. 19 in Hans Wahl's census: "Pastellgemälde von unbekannter Hand. 1775-80". In 1925, when Wahl conducted his study, the painting was kept at Dornburg's Rococo Castle. Goethe frequently stayed at this Ducal palace when in Dornburg on business. The painting is probably based on the oil painting by Johann Ernst Heinsius (Wahl no. 14), but with softer contours and brighter colours, as common for pastel crayons. - Two tears of about eight centimetres each near top and bottom edge of paper, professionally restored. Occasional rubbing to colours; some overpaintings and staining. Ownership of the anthroposophical physician Karl Hanno Matthiolius (1923-91), dated Solingen-Landwehr, 28 Nov. 1945, on the reverse.
¶ H. Wahl, "Die Bildnisse Carl Augusts von Weimar" (Weimar 1925), no. 19.

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946

[Charles VII]. Vollständiges Diarium von den merckwürdigsten Begebenheiten, die sich... vor, in und nach der höchst-beglückten Wahl und Crönung des Allerdurchlauchtigsten, Großmächtigsten und Unüberwindlichsten Fürsten und Herrn, Herrn Carls des VII. Erwehlten Römischen Kaysers, [...] im gantzen Heil. Röm. Reich, und sonderlich in dieser Freyen Reychs- und Wahl- Stadt Franckfurt am Mayn zugetragen [...]. Frankfurt, Johann David Jung, 1742-1743. Frankfurt, Johann David Jung, 1742-1743. Folio (230 x 360 mm). 3 parts in one vol. (100), 306, 80, (2), 38, (4), 96, (10), 28 pp. (20), 128, 52, (2), 26, (2), 34, (2), 30 pp. (4), 20, 8, (2), 10, (2), 26, (48) pp. All 3 titel pages printed in red and black. With an engraved frontispiece, 19 engr. portraits, 18 engraved plates (some folding), 2 engr. plans and 17 headpieces (8 woodcuts, 9 engraved). Contemporary vellum with giltstamped spine title. Wants ties.

EUR 6,500.00

A complete copy of the most sumptuous of all imperial coronation diaries ever produced: the splendidly illustrated account of the coronation of Elector Charles Albert of Bavaria as Roman Emperor Charles VII on 12 February 1742, and of his wife Maria Amalia of Austria as Empress. Notably, Charles was the only person not born of the House of Habsburg to become emperor in over three centuries; it was only his early death in 1745 that once more cleared the way for Franz Stephan of Lorraine and the Habsburg succession through his wife Maria Theresa. - The large folding plates (after Lentzner, Funck, Lippold, Diehl and others) depict the coronation ceremony, entrances, the banquet, other celebrations on the square before the Römer, soldiers, wagons, structures erected for the pageant, the illumination etc., as well as the portraits of the Imperial couple and of the prince-electors. The notice to the bookbinder with the list of plates at the end of vol. 3 comprises only the plates in parts 2 and 3. - An extensive and important source, not least by virtue of its numerous supplements such as the long lists of guests to be entertained, providing hundreds of names, offices of the various retainers and large entourage, even giving the names of the cooks, bakers, and cellarers. "In questo assai grosso volume di circa mille pagine sono compresi tutti gli atti pubblici precedenti e susseguenti l'Incoronazione e l'Elezione. Cominciano le tavole col frontespizio, seguono 15 ritratti, e 18 grandi tavole intagliate [...] con molta e dispendiosa cura" (Cicognara). - From the collection of Karl Bacher with his fine, coloured bookplate on the pastedown. 1832 ownership of "Johannes Lang" on the verso of the frontispiece. Binding rubbed; some warping to vellum edges. Some light fingerstaining but largely unbrowned; upper corner of the flyleaf clipped. - Very rarely encountered complete as thus. Provenance: from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015), a specialist in economic, commercial and insolvency law.
¶ Lipperheide Sba 28. Kat. der Ornamentstichslg. Berlin 2898. Cicognara 1510. Kat. Sauer 259. Not in Ruggieri.

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With important provenance
947

Kleist, Heinrich von. Das Käthchen von Heilbronn oder die Feuerprobe. Ein... großes historisches Ritterschauspiel. Berlin, Realschulbuchhandlung, 1810. Berlin, Realschulbuchhandlung, 1810. 8vo. 198 pp., final blank. Contemp. half calf with marbled covers, giltstamped blue spine label and appealingly gilt spine. All edges dyed green.

EUR 9,500.00

First edition. - Prettily bound and well preserved: a crisp and wide-margined copy, only slightly browned with very occasional foxing. Inscribed on the flyleaf: "Meinem Freunde Eduard Ludolff für -- / W. Haering / Berl. d. 8ten Novbr. 1821" (probably by the writer Wilhelm Haering, known under his pen name Willibald Alexis, for his school-friend, the lawyer Eduard Ludolff [1797-1857], who squandered his fortune on the arts and artists and later drowned himself); with another ownership, dated 1908 (Achim von Steman?). Acquired from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015), a specialist in economic, commercial and insolvency law.
¶ WG² 7. Goedeke VI, 102, 6. Sembdner 21, 8.

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Signed by the author shortly before his suicide
948

Kleist, Heinrich von. Der zerbrochne Krug, ein Lustspiel. Berlin, in der Realschulbuchhandlung, 1811. Berlin, in der Realschulbuchhandlung, 1811. 8vo. 174 pp. (wanting final blank leaf). Contemporary blue wrappers. Stored in custom-made green morocco case with gilt spine and spine label.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition, signed by the author on the title page ("H. v. Kleist"). One of the most important comedies in the German repertoire, published in the year of the playwright's suicide on the shore of the Wannsee. Goethe had staged the first performance at the Weimar Hoftheater on 2 March 1808, but the play was hissed by the audience - a fiasco to which Goethe's decision to split the single-act play into three acts may have contributed. "After the botched Weimar première, Kleist published a few fragments of the play in the 'Phoebus'. For the book publication he thoroughly revised the manuscript; in particular, he radically pruned the lengthy conclusion which mainly had been responsible for the failure at Weimar. The original version is included as a 'variant' on pp. 145-174 [...] The publication was anonymously reviewed by Wilhelm Grimm in the 'Zeitung für die elegante Welt' [...] Goethe sent a copy to Johanna Schopenhauer, inquiring whether the play might be staged in this revised, abridged version" (cf. Sembdner). - An exceptional copy, wide-margined, untrimmed and in excellent condition. Provenance: Hauswedell & Nolte 436 (2012), lot 994 (with full-page illustrations on cover and plate 23: EUR 17,500 before premium); latterly in the collection of Pierre Bergé (his bookplate on the inside cover of the morocco case).
¶ Sembdner 11. Goedeke VI, 103, 8. Borst, 1138.

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949

Kuricke, Reinhold. Jus maritimum hanseaticum [...]. Hamburg, Zacharias Hertel, 1667. Hamburg, Zacharias Hertel, 1667. 4to. (8), 248, 120 pp. Title-page printed in red and black. - (Bound with) II: Böckler, Johann Heinrich / Binder, Friedrich. Civitas maritima [...]. Strasbourg, Simon Paulli, 1664. (2), 21, (1) pp. - (Bound with) III: Rhetz, Johann Friedrich / Weger, Albert. Disputatio juridica, de jure portuum, vom Recht der Meer-Haven [...]. Frankfurt an der Oder, no printer, 1671. (64) pp. Modern boards, spine with gilt lettered label.

EUR 3,500.00

First and only edition. An important book on the maritime laws of the Hanseatic League (Hanse), the commercial confederation of Northern European cities, Lübeck, Hamburg, Visby, Riga, and many other German, Swedish, Baltic and Dutch cities (including Zutphen in the Netherlands). It includes the text of the maritime laws as agreed in "Der erbahren Hanse-Stadte Schifs-Ordnung und See-Recht" (1614), here printed in double columns in German and Latin on pp. 1-76. This is followed by Kuricke's commentary and by a discourse on marine insurance. Kuricke was a jurist and secretary of the city of Danzig and the author of a valuable and voluminous history of that city, "Der Stadt Dantzig historische Beschreibung" (1687). - A few repairs to title, tiny and neat. A fine copy, bound with two contemporary dissertations on naval law.
¶ VD 17, 1:020124N. Goldsmiths' 1843. - II: VD 17, 23:237193P - III: VD 17, 12:166186H.

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A description of Beijing, with six accurate plans
950

L'Isle (Delisle), Joseph-Nicolas de and Alexandre Guy Pingré. Description de la ville Peking, pour servir à... l'intelligence du plan de cette ville, gravé par les soins de M. de l'Isle. Paris, (colophon: J. Th. Herissant), 1765. Paris, (colophon: J. Th. Herissant), 1765. 4to. (2), 44, (1) pp. With woodcut vignette on title-page, and 6 engraved folding plans (16 x 12 to 23.5 x 25 cm). 19th century half sheepskin, marbled endpapers.

EUR 18,000.00

First edition of a description of Beijing, illustrated with six accurate plans. The French cartographer and astronomer Joseph-Nicolas de L'isle (1688-1768) had been corresponding about Chinese astronomy and geography with Jesuit missionaries for more than 30 years, collecting a vast amount of valuable information. The Jesuit father Patouillet asked him to compose a map of Beijing, based on these memoirs, to illustrate a description of the city he was preparing. Unfortunately, Patouillet was unable to complete his description, and De L'isle, assisted by the French astronomer and geographer Alexandre Guy Pingré (1711-96), continued and finished it. Astronomical observations helped them to determine the position of Beijing. The work starts with a description of the foundation of the city, the palace, other buildings and the suburbs, followed by some observations on the Li, also called the Chinese mile: the traditional Chinese unit of distance. - Some leaves slightly browned, some spots throughout and one plate with a small tear in the margin just touching the image. Binding slightly rubbed along the corners. A good copy, only slightly trimmed.
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 210f. Morrison II, 67. Löwendahl 537 (lacking 1 plan). Lust 187.

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The argument for government ownership of railroads
951

Launhardt, [Carl Friedrich] Wilhelm. Theorie des Trassirens. Heft I: Die kommerzielle Trassirung.... - Heft II: Die technische Trassirung der Eisenbahnen. Hannover, Schmorl & von Seefeld, 1887-1888. Hannover, Schmorl & von Seefeld, 1887-1888. 8vo. 2 vols. IV, 112 pp. VIII, (2), 259, (1) pp. With a total of 42 figures in the text. Contemporary purple half cloth over marbled boards with giltstamped spine title.

EUR 1,500.00

First (vol. 1: second) edition. - Launhardt began his career as a civil engineer, later becoming professor at the Technical University in Hanover and its first rector. A specialist in the technology and economics of road and railway transportation, he gradually applied his insights to the more general problems of transportation networks. His fame as an economist is chiefly based upon his "Mathematische Begründung der Volkswirthschaftslehre" (1885), which gave Launhardt a prominent place in the history of economic analysis. His work is characterized as "Germany's most important and in fact only significant contribution to the 'marginal revolution' in the last three decades of the 19th century. In the economic analysis of transportation and location, this contribution was not surpassed until the 1930s. Available only in German, some of it in publications that are hard to find, it still has not found the recognition it deserves, and Schumpeter's references [...] are inadequate" (New Palgrave). - The present work on the "theory of network planning" consists of two parts: the first, on "commercial network planning", is a much revised and enlarged version of an earlier publication ("Kommercielle Tracirung der Verkehrwege", 1872), containing the derivation of efficiency criteria without regard to topography. The second part, on "technical network planning for railroads", applies economic efficiency criteria to curves and gradients imposed by topography. "The contributions to economics are found in Part I. This begins with a discussion of investment criteria. From a social point of view, networks should be planned in such a way that the sum of operating and capital costs is a minimum. Private capitalists, however, try to maximize the internal rate of return on their capital. Under perfect competition the two criteria would coincide, since the internal rate of return, if duly maximized, would equal the market rate of interest. In reality, however, since the railroad industry is inherently non-competetive, rates of return can be pushed above market rates of interest by keeping railroad investment below the social optimum. This was one of Launhardt's basic arguments for government ownership of railroads" (ibid.). - Binding insignificantly rubbed, spines sunned. Removed from the library of Vienna's Imperial and Royal Technical University, Chair of Railway Construction II ("K. k. Technische Hochschule in Wien, Lehrkanzel für Eisenbahnbau II") with gilt paper library label on spines, small library label on pastedowns, and cancelled library stamp on titles. Small repair to blank corner of title of first volume with some offsetting on opposite page, otherwise a good copy.
¶ New Palgrave III, p. 140 ff. Schumpeter p. 948.

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Number theory
952

(Lefèvre d'Étaples, Jacques). In hoc libro contenta epitome compendiosaq[ue] introductio in... libris arithmeticos divi Severini Boetii [...]. (Paris, Henricus Stephanus, 15 March 1510). (Paris, Henricus Stephanus, 15 March 1510). Small folio (205 x 285 mm). XLVIII pp. With wide woodcut title border and full-page woodcut (scribe) on verso of final leaf. (Bound with) II: (The same). In hoc opere contenta arithmetica decem libris demonstrata. Musica libris demonstrata quatuor. Epitome in libros arithmeticos divi Severini Boetii. Rithmimachie ludus qui et pugna numerorum appellantur. Paris, Henricus Stephanus, (7 Sept. 1514). (72) ff. With wide woodcut title border. Contemporary blindstamped brown calf.

EUR 25,000.00

Fine sammelband of two works edited by the leading French humanist. Lefèvre (1455-1536), a native of Étaples near Amiens and also known as Faber Stapulensis, had studied in Italy before teaching philosophy and theology in Paris, also publishing on matematical subjects. - I: An early edition of this work, mainly concerned with arithmetic and based on Lefèvre's studies of the works of Boethius. Another edition, radically abridged and without the commentary, is included as the third part of the following collection. - II: Second edition of this combination of works. "The greater part of this volume is devoted to the ten books on arithmetic by Jordanus Nemorarius, [the greatest mathematician of his time save Leonardo Fibonacci of Pisa], with the commentary of Jacobus Faber Stapulensis. The work of Jordanus is similar to that of Boethius, and is concerned only with theory of numbers. In particular, the Greek theory of ratios, as elaborated in the Middle Ages, is extensively treated. The second part consists of the work of Jacobus Faber Stapulensis on music, in four books. The third part is the Epitome of the Arithmetic of Boethius [...] The fourth part, consisting of four and a half pages, is a description of the arithmetical game of Rithmimachia, possibly by Shirewode (John Sirwood, Bishop of Durham, who died in 1494), but usually ascribed to Faber Stapulensis" (Smith, 62f.). "Books of this character, evidently intended as the bases of lectures to university students, show in what a hopeless state the Boethian arithmetic found itself at the end of the Middle Ages" (ibid., 82). - Both works feature a very wide title woodcut. Binding rubbed; extremeties bumped. Slight staining throughout. Extremely rare: neither work is recorded in the trade or at auctions of the last decades.
¶ I: Adams F 19. Cf. RISM B VI, 1, p. 492 (1511 ed.). - II: Adams J 324. BM-STC French 246. RISM B VI, 1, p. 492. Smith, Rara Arithmetica, 65. Cf. Smith, History of Mathematics I, p. 307.

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Foreshadowing Computers
953

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. Ars combinatoria [...]. Frankfurt, Heinrich Christoph Cröcker, 1690. Frankfurt, Heinrich Christoph Cröcker, 1690. 4to. (3), 78 pp. With an engraved plate bound as a frontispiece. Contemporary marbled boards.

EUR 35,000.00

Second edition of Leibniz's groundbreaking work on combinatorics. It was first published in 1666 as "Dissertatio de arte combinatoria", expanded from the author's thesis "Disputatio arithmetica de complexionibus", with which he earned the venia legendi. This unauthorized re-release, produced 24 years later, caused Leibniz to respond with corrections in the Acta Eruditorum of 1691. Both editions are extremely rare; NUC lists no more than two copies of the present one. - This is Leibniz's earliest work in combinatorics, the branch of mathematics concerned with the study of finite or countable discrete structures. It thus constitutes an early and important contribution to the scientific foundations of modern computer engineering. "In this treatise, Leibniz undertook that part of his grand plan that aimed at achieving a complete set of possible connections of terms, and the mathematical conception of this problem he named 'ars combinatoria' - a name that would stick" (cf. Cantor). This early work of Leibniz is all the more remarkable for the "very modest specialized knowledge that he then possessed [and which] is reflected in the 'Dissertatio de arte combinatoria'" (DSB). - Somewhat browned throughout as common due to paper. Trimmed rather closely, with some professional remarginings at the top edge near the end of the book and repairs to the gutter of the title page (loss of a few letters at the very left, some unobtrusively supplied). A single copy in auction records (1998: Reiss 65, lot 583: 65,000 DM). Apart from the frontispiece, VD 17 cites 33 numbered plates - in apparent error, for no known copy contains more than this single plate.
¶ VD 17, 12:194409W. Poggendorff I, 1413. DSB VIII, 153 & 160. Cantor III, 43-45. NDB XIV, 122. Cf. Ravier 6.

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The Foundation Work of Protectionist Trade
954

List, Friedrich. Das nationale System der politischen Oekonomie. Erster Band... [all published]: Der internationale Handel, die Handelspolitik und der deutsche Zollverein. Tübingen, J. G. Cotta'scher Verlag, 1841. Tübingen, J. G. Cotta'scher Verlag, 1841. 8vo. LXVIII, (2 pp. table of contents, verso also numbered LXVIII), 589, (1) pp., including 2 title pages. Contemporary half cloth over marbled boards with giltstamped spine title.

EUR 8,500.00

First edition. - Friedrich List's seminal advocacy of economic nationalism, derived from the nationalist and romantic ideas of Alexander Hamilton and Adam Müller, from whom List also adopted his opposition against the ideas of Adam Smith. List considered the principle of free trade detrimental to the national interest, to which the immediate interests of groups and individuals should be submitted. For List, the nation was an entity whose aim is not the creation of wealth by international exchange, but the development of its own economic and productive sources. "These views coincided so exactly with the reawakening of German nationalism that List's book caused a great sensation when it was published, and it remained for seventy years the theoretic gospel of the advocates of protectionist tariffs in Germany, Britain and the United States" (PMM). - Binding a little rubbed. Tiny defect to gutter of title leaves, usual mild browning throughout, a few leaves with a heavier, but mostly small brownstain to margins. A good copy.
¶ Kress C.5545. PMM 311. Books That Made Europe, p. 210 ("The undisputed manifesto of nationalist economics").

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An exhortation to fight the Turks, published in 1497
955

Locher, Johann Georg. Libro philomusi, Panegyrici ad Rege[m] Tragedia[m] de Thurcis... et Suldano Dyalog[us] de heresiarchis. Strasbourg, Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger, [not before 15 May] 1497. Strasbourg, Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger, [not before 15 May] 1497. 4to. 62 ff. 30-33 lines and heading line (Roman type 17:145G, 22:89G); several woodcut Greek interspersions (K6v & I3r). With full-page woodcut on reverse of title page, additional full-page woodcut on f. Jiv, and 17 half-page woodcuts in the text (with some repeats). Mid-18th-century boards using an 18th-century antiphonary.

EUR 15,000.00

First edition of the author's first important work, an exhortation to fight the Turks, couched as a Latin tragedy. Jakob Locher (1471-1528) had been created poet laureate but months before. The volume is concluded by a "Dyalogus" against all forms of heresy (and including encomia and dedicatory addresses to the Emperor and the nobles of court and clergy). - Contains fine woodcuts, some of which were used previously in the Strasbourg editions of Terence and the Ship of Fools; at least six blocks were cut originally for this book. "The opening woodcut depicts the author and newly crowned poet laureate" (cf. von Arnim). This is the earlier impression without the armorial woodcut on fol. B6r (as in Schramm); the final line of fol. J3r still reads "tekos" (for "telos"). Typographical errors "Jacboi" on fol. L2r; "Daum" (for "Datum") in final line of fol. L3r; colophone reads "anno christo". A pinhead-sized wormhole throughout the blank margin (not touching text). Top edge trimmed rather closely in places; a few underlinings by a contemporary hand. Altogether a fine, very clean copy. Extremely rare; last seen in the trade more than a decade ago (Shipperdson-Field-Nakles copy, Christie's New York, 17 April 2000, lot 22: $15,275).
¶ HC 10153*. Goff L-264. GW M18631. BMC I, 112. BSB-Ink L-206. Schreiber 4513. Grüninger 32. Schramm XX, 23. Slg. Schäfer 212. Goedeke I, 427, 9.

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956

Lueder, August Ferdinand. Ueber Nationalindustrie und Staatswirthschaft. Nach Adam Smith bearbeitet. Berlin, Heinrich Frölich, 1800-1804. Berlin, Heinrich Frölich, 1800-1804. 8vo. 3 vols. XXXII, 462, (2) pp. VIII, 623, (1) pp. VIII, 783, (1) pp. All volumes bound in contemporary half calf over marbled boards with gilt spines (though vol. 3 slightly larger and bound differently).

EUR 3,500.00

First edition. - The author's major book on economics. Lueder served as professor of history and politics at the Brunswick Carolinum; he was among the first to teach Smithian economics in Germany and hence played an important role in the transition of German economics from mercantilism to liberalism. While the present work is largely a paraphrase of Smith's "Wealth of Nations", it has been observed that Lueder deserves a place in the history of economic literature on his own account for his numerous corrections of and additions to Smith's work, particularly where geographical, ethnographical, agricultural and statistical issues are discussed, and for his emphasis on the influence of moral and intellectual factors on industrial development. - Two old (ca 1920s) library stamps on titles erased, slightly affecting paper but without loss of text, showing that the three books have formed a set for almost a century.
¶ Humpert 7672. Kress B.4225. Goldsmiths' 17851. Menger c.85. Not in Vanderblue.

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957

[Magic tricks]. Teufelselixir oder das Ganze der geheimen Magie. Oder... Der kleine Hexenmeister und Memotech[n]ik [!] (Gedächtnislehre). Karten- Physikalische- Chemische Kunststück. Germany, ca 1850s. Germany, ca 1850s. 4to (190 x 232 mm). German manuscript, brown ink on paper. 2 parts in one volume: Title, 25 pp. Title, 26 pp., with an incomplete table of contents on the inside of the lower cover. With numerous pen-and-ink sketches and tables, some lightly coloured in red. Contemporary pink half cloth over marbled boards with handwritten label (as quoted) to upper cover.

EUR 3,000.00

Highly interesting manuscript collection of magic tricks, divided into two parts: card tricks ("Der Kartenkünstler oder 50 leichte Kartenkunststücke") and physical, chemical, sleight-of-hand, and mnemonics tricks ("Physikalische-, Chemische- und Geschwindigkeits-Kunstücke [!] und Memotechnik [!]"). In spite of the title, the first part contains only 31 tricks, with a final number "32" showing that more were to follow before this collection was abandoned. The second part contains 37 effects, including such tricks as "Bosco's famous ball game", "The dead crab", "How to spirit a dollar through the surface of a table", "How to make a coin invisible in one's palm", "The magical Quodlibet", several rope and knot tricks, as well as a joke item: "How to eat three pieces of sugar and then spirit them under a hat" (namely by putting the hat on one's head). - Binding somewhat rubbed. Occasional slight brownstaining; the final few pages are supplied in a different handwriting. Numerous illustrations explain the knots and loops described.

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958

Mann, Klaus. Kind dieser Zeit. Berlin, Transmare, 1932. Berlin, Transmare, 1932. 8vo. 332 pp. Original cloth with title to spine and cover.

EUR 2,800.00

First edition. - Dedication copy: "'Tack för Sist' / (- and there are indeed / many 'sists' I have / to thank for!) - / to Lena Gedin, / very cordially, / Klaus / Stockholm, / 29 November 1947". - Fly-leaf and half title with stamped ownership "Lena I. Gedin". - Very good copy.
¶ Grunewald 197. WG (2. ed.) 13.

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Signed
959

Mann, Thomas. Das Gesetz. Erzählung. Los Angeles, Privatdruck der Pazifischen Presse (Plantin-Presse), 1944. Los Angeles, Privatdruck der Pazifischen Presse (Plantin-Presse), 1944. Large 8vo. (8), 79, (5) pp. Original half calf with giltstamped signature to upper cover and spine title.

EUR 2,000.00

First independent publication of Thomas Mann's contribution to the book "The Ten Commandments" (1943), much rarer than the edition published simultaneously with Bermann-Fischer in Stockholm. Signed number 20 of 500 copies (the first 250 of which were bound in half calf and signed, as here). Edited and privately printed by Ernst Gottlieb and Felix Guggenheim. - Binding slightly stained (brownstain on lower cover); occasional slight browning to the wide margins, otherwise a fine copy. Provenance: from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015), a specialist in economic, commercial and insolvency law.
¶ Bürgin 67. Potempa E.32.2. Dt. Exilarchiv 3859 (copy no. 33). Haack p. 176. Cf. WG² 90.

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Inscribed copy
960

Mayer, Julius Robert. Die Torricellische Leere und über Auslösung. Stuttgart, J. G. Cotta, 1876. Stuttgart, J. G. Cotta, 1876. 8vo. 16 pp. Original printed wrappers, bound within modern boards.

EUR 3,500.00

With the author's three-line-autograph inscription to his friend Friedrich Schwandner, with whom he had studied at Tübingen and formed an illicit students' union, the "Corps Guestphalia", for which reason the two had been arrested in 1837. Both works, "Über die Torricellische Leere" and "Über Auslösung", were separately published in 1875 and 1876 within the "Beilage des Staatsanzeigers für Württemberg".
¶ Eisert 29.

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