A famous tract against Islam
901

Alphonsus de Spina. Fortalitium fidei in universos christiane religionis hostes Judaeorum... et saracenorum [...]. (Lyon, Jean Moylin for) Etienne Gueynard, (11 Oct. 1525). (Lyon, Jean Moylin for) Etienne Gueynard, (11 Oct. 1525). Large 8vo. (8), CCCLXXI, (3) ff. Title printed in red and black with woodcut illustration and numerous woodcut initials and marginal illustrations repeated throughout the volume. Contemporary full calf over wooden boards with blind-tooled ornaments and remains of clasps, rebacked in the 19th century with new spine and marbled endpapers.

EUR 9,500.00

This "Fortress of the Faith, against all the enemies of the Christian religion, restraining the rage of Jews and Muslims", written c. 1458, is the principal work of the baptized Spanish Jew de Spina. It is considered the "methodical and ideological foundation of the Inquisition. The book, divided into five chapters, targets chiefly Jews and Muslims" (cf. LMA I, 408f.). Of the five books, "the first [is] directed against those who deny the Divinity of Christ, the second against heretics, the third against the Jews, and the fourth against Islam and the Muslims, while the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell. In this last book the author dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demons, etc." (Catholic Encyclopaedia). "Ouvrage fort curieux de ce théologien espagnol [...] il était dit-on d'origine juive, c'est pour cela que son 'Fortalicium' pèut ètre classé dans une bibliothèque kabbalistique" (Caillet). Part 3, on the iniquities of the Jews, is a veritable encyclopaedia of mediaeval antisemitic libel, containing numbered lists of Jewish "cruelties" and refutations of the Jews' supposed anti-Christian arguments. The section on Islam lists the numerous Saracen wars, while the fifth book is devoted to the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell and its resident demons, whose population the author calculates at over 133 million. - Block loosened in places. Clasps missing; binding rubbed but original blind-tooling of boards remains recognizable, even though partly obscured by the 19th century leather that replaced the spine. A fine post-incunabular edition, the final one to appear, embellished with numerous woodcut illustrations.
¶ Adams S 1593. BM-STC French 170. Coumont (Witchcraft) S84.7. IA 103.849. Caillet 10306 ("Incunable gothique rare").

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The "Wunderhorn" in contemporary morocco
902

Arnim, Achim von / Brentano, Clemens. Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Alte Deutsche Lieder. Heidelberg, Mohr & Zimmer, 1806 and 1808. Heidelberg, Mohr & Zimmer, 1806 and 1808. 8vo. 3 vols. 470 pp. (4), 448 pp. (4), 253, (1), 103, (1) pp. With 3 engr. title pages as well as an engr. title and frontispiece to the appendix. Contemp. full calf with giltstamped spine labels. Spines lightly sprinkled red.

EUR 8,500.00

First edition of the principal work of German romanticism, one of the era's most beautiful and best-known publications. Includes the frequently-lacking appendix and all half titles. Without the printed main title page to the first volume, which was probably never published at all: Mallon notes that he was unable to verify a single copy containing it, adding that most copies lack both a main title and a half title. The half titles of vol. 2 and 3 have been mounted before the respective engraved titles. Due to their size, these beautiful engravings as well as the frontispiece to the appendix (all after and by W. Grimm and E. L. Grimm) are frequently found trimmed by the binder's knife, but they are intact in the present copy. Some slight occasional foxing due to paper, but altogether a very appealing and apparently entirely complete set. - Provenance: from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015), a specialist in economic, commercial and insolvency law.
¶ WG² 6 (Arnim) & 9 (Brentano). Goedeke VI, 73, 12. Mallon (Arnim) 27, 36-38. Mallon (Brentano) 17, 25-27.

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Equestrian sketch album
903

[Artaria, Carl, artist, engraver, art dealer and publisher (1792-1866)]. Album of 71 mounted pencil and pen-and-ink drawings,... mainly showing horses. No place, ca 1827-1836. No place, ca 1827-1836. Small folio (235 x 290 mm). 20th century calf.

EUR 3,500.00

A fine collection of sketch leaves by Carl Artaria, often dashed off on the reverse of old letters or forms, later cut out (likely by a 20th century member of the family) and thus assembled in the present album. Some of the sketches are dated (1827, 1828, 1833, 1836 etc.), others signed with the artist's "CA" monogram. The dominant theme is that of equestrianism and horsemanship (including many drawings of horses without riders, in landscapes or in military contexts, etc.), but there are also occasional hunting scenes, a caricature of a Turk firing a blunderbuss, etc. - Carl Artaria was a son of the long-established art seller and publisher Domenico Artaria from Mainz who in 1793 moved the business premises to Mannheim. Carl took over the company in 1816; it flourished until 1867. In the course of his business, Carl Artaria met many of Germany's great writers and illustrators, including Goethe. "In his youth he created etchings after W. Kobell und Boissieu [...] In his old age he began to draw the beauties of Mannheim's environs in meticulous watercolours" (cf. Thieme/Becker). - Occasional insignificant traces of handling, but in excellent state of preservation.
¶ Cf. Thieme/Becker I, 159.

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Building the largest masonry dam in the world
904

[Aswan Dam Construction]. A collection of more than 250 vintage photographs... of the construction of the Aswan Dam. Upper Egypt, ca. 1899-1910. Upper Egypt, ca. 1899-1910. A total of 267 photographs of construction work on the Aswan Dam. Comprises 190 large photographs (ca 25 x 30 cm), frequently with captions in the negative, mainly by D. S. George but also including A. Gianny and G. Kemble Bolam of Cairo (56 tipped in to an album and captioned, 21 loosely inserted within another album, 108 stored loosely within a portfolio, and 5 separately matted). Also, 77 smaller photographs (gelatin prints) of the dam and its environs, ca 15 x 18 cm (including a few duplicates), in an envelope.

EUR 9,500.00

An impressive collection of photographs detailing the construction and opening of the Aswan Low Dam between 1899 and 1902 and of the work to raise it in 1907-1912. The images (frequently captioned in English on reverse) include views of the navigation channel in various stages of completion, the countless hundreds of local workers toiling in the unfinished West Channel and on the masonry of Bab el Maroum, the locks, trenches, Asyut Barrage, the accumulator house, the inauguration ceremony, but also a friendly football match between the "10th Soudanese Regiment (Blacks)" and the "Whites" (final score: Blacks 0, Whites 5). A stark panoramic shot shows the solar eclipse of 28 May 1900 above the Mohammed Ali Channel, seen from Awad. - Owing to its rainless climate Egypt has always depended on the annual flooding of the Nile for irrigation. The Aswan dam was designed by eminent British engineers to provide storage of annual floodwater and to augment dry season flows; construction about 1000 kilometres up the river from Cairo was begun in February 1899 by the London-based contractor John Aird & Co. Nothing of its scale had ever been attempted; on completion, it was the largest masonry dam in the world. It created an artificial lake extending 200 miles up the valley, partly submerging Ptolemy's temple on the island of Philae. The 1.25 mile-long dam with 180 sluice gates cost 3 million pounds sterling. It was opened by the Khedive on 10 December 1902. Originally limited in height by conservation concerns, the dam worked as designed but provided inadequate storage capacity for planned development and was raised between 1907 and 1912. The heightening still did not meet irrigation demands, and in the 1960s the Aswan High Dam was built 6 kilometres upstream. - A few nicks along the edges, some gelatin prints somewhat faded and with occasional creases. Mats generally foxed, with some foxing to the matted images, but on the whole an outstandingly preserved ensemble printed in rich, crisp detail.

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The Vice of Dice
905

Augustine of Hippo, Saint. Sermones de verbis domini [and other works]. [Austria], 1448. [Austria], 1448. Small folio (235 x 314 mm). Latin ms. (gothic book cursive) on paper. 550 pp. (page numbers added in pencil, c. 1900, written on 547 pp.). Leaf size 210 x 295 mm, written area mainly 140 x 190 mm. 2 cols., mainly 30-31 lines (but final gathering: 41-43 lines), partly rubricated with red chapter headings and ends; numerous red Lombardic initials. Contemp. blindstamped Gothic calf binding over wooden boards. Wants the fittings and clasps.

EUR 45,000.00

Fine late mediaeval manuscript, principally comprising sermons of St Augustine (pp. 1-410), but also containing four shorter treatises of his slightly older contemporary, Gregory of Nazianzus (pp. 411-523); dated "1448" at the end. Bound after this are 12 additional leaves, apparently penned slightly later by a different scribe, with theological writings of the early 15th century, namely two treatises by the French mystic Jean Gerson (pp. 527-540) and the treatise on the vice of dice by the Vienna canon Johann Geuss (pp. 541-550). - Contents: A) St Augustine. 1-121: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Mattheum (with a table of contents, followed by "Evangelium audivimus ... agite penitentiam"); 122-181: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Lucam (inc. "Petite et dabitur"); 182-344: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Johannem (inc. "Capitulum Evangelii quod lectum est"); 345-347: Sermo de verbis domini evangelio secundum Lucam de verbis apostoli, omnes nos manifestari oporte ante tribunal Christi (inc. "Omnium Christianorum spes"); 348-410: Liber de spiritu et anima (inc. "Quoniam dictum est mihi", expl. "quem cernere finis est doloris"). - B) Gregory of Nazianzus. 411-470: De urbana vita [ad Pronianum; tr. Rufinus] (inc. "Proficiscenti mihi ex urbe magnopere iniungebas Aproniane fili"); 470-487: De nativitate domini [oratio XXXVIII] (inc. "Christus nascitur"); 487-506: De luminibus et secundis epiphaniis [oratio XXXIX] (inc. "Iterum Jesus meus et iterum"); 506-523: De pentecoste [oratio XLI] (inc. "De sollemnitate huius diei pauca dicenda sunt"; expl. "et potestas in spiritu sancto in secula seculorum. Amen"); followed by date: "et finitus est liber anno etc. 1448"; 524-526 vacant. C) Johannes Gerson: 527-537: Tractatus de trepidantibus accedere ad celebrationem misse post pollutionem in sompniis habitum (inc. "Dubitandum est aput me"); 537-540: De duplicii stuatu in dei ecclesia, curatorum et privilegiatorum (inc. "Pax quam omnibus"; expl. "inveniri. Deo gratias. Deo gratias"). D) [Johannes Geuss]. 541-550 [Sermo de ludo alearum] (inc. "Confundatur sorcium distributio scribitur Numeri ultimo. Hec verba possunt intellegi de sortilegio lusorum et confusione ipsorum"; expl. "unam libram et sic posset fieri recompensatio" (lacking the final four columns of text). - Occasional addenda and marginalia by a roughly contemporary hand in the wide blank margin throughout. The 12-leaf quire bound at the end (watermark: type Piccard V [libra], section V, no. 294 ["Vienna 1461"]) must originally have been followed by a now-lost final leaf of text. Binding rubbed and bumped; small crack to upper cover; traces of a pasted grey paper wrapper. Occasional slight browning to manuscript; insignificant waterstain near beginning. Slight tear to first 3 ff. (not touching text), loss of corner to first leaf (loss of page number and a 17th century monastic ownership "Conven[tus] C[...]").

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A 15th-Century Vernacular Account of a Pilgrimage to the Holy Land
906

Barbatre, [Pierre], Norman priest (b. 1525). Account of a Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1480. [France, after 1480, circa 1490-1500]. [France, after 1480, circa 1490-1500]. 4to (209 x 165 mm). Middle French decorated manuscript on paper (watermark "licorne sanglée", pointing to Normandy: similar to Briquet 10387 & 10390 - Coutances 1497 and Frene d'Archeveque, 1499). 116 pp., collation: i1, ii8, iii8, iv8, v8, vi8, vii8, viii10; complete save for loss to the lower corner of the final leaf, concerning 9 lines of text on the last page but one. Incipit: "In nomine domini Amen. 1480. L'an de grace mil quatre cens octante, le mardi IIIIe jour d'apvril apres pasques, je, Pierre Barbatre, prebstre, aagé de LV ans ou environ, me party de la ville de Vernon pour et intencion d'aler en Hierusalem visiter le sainct sepulchre Nostresegneur Jesuschrist et les aultres sainctz lieulx de la terre saincte"; explicit: "et la feusme attendans passer a Ravennes, pour tirer a Ancone a cause que avions loué une barque a Venize pour nous passer la mer jusques audit Ancone. Et nous coutoit le passage de maistre Nicole, de Sainct Omer, mon frere et moy .x. marcelins". Bound in a parchment leaf from an 11th c. codex, containing fragments of the "Passio Pauli" attributed to Pseudo-Lin and a fragment of the "Life of St Ethbin", both in Latin (lower cover poorly legible). Stored in custom-made half morocco case.

EUR 185,000.00

Rare document containing a first-hand vernacular account of a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1480, the only expedition allowed to leave Venice for Palestine in that year. - The priest Pierre Barbatre relates the story of his journey, which he begins at the age of ca. 55 years at the Norman town of Vernon on the Seine. He travels south via Chartres and Orléans, Savoy, Turin, Leghorn, Milan (where he reports on the ongoing construction of the cathedral), Brescia, Vicenza and Padua to Venice; here, he spends a month, giving details of Venetian life, including the great festivals. On 6 June 1480 he embarks on the "Contarina" - the only pilgrim galley to make the voyage to the Holy Land that year, for the Ottoman-Venetian War of 1463-1479 had led to a sharp drop in the numbers of pilgrims, and boats were strictly controlled. Only about sixty pilgrims would return from the journey. Barbatre gives accounts of the various places he visits during the voyage - especially Rhodes, which he portrays with much precision - before the ship reaches Jaffa on 24 July 1480. He describes his exhilaration at finally beholding the holy places of Palestine and visits Ramla, Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Jericho as well as the Dead Sea; his story provides much information about the relic cult, local customs and the political situation after the recent Turkish offensive. - It appears that Barbatre did not manage to return to France after his pilgrimage, for his account of the return journey ends abruptly with the embarkation for Ancona. In spite of much research having been dedicated to his text, too little is still known about its author. While the present manuscript constitutes the sole witness for Barbatre's travelogue, scholarship is lucky to possess three further accounts of this same 1480 pilgrimage by other authors: that of Sancto Brascha of Milano, chancellor to Ludovico Sforza, whose "Itinerario ... alla santissima città di Gerusalemme" was published at Milan in 1481; the account by Félix Faber (Schmidt), a Dominican from Ulm who was Barbatre's travel companion (ed. C. Hassler, Stuttgart 1843-49), and an anonymous report by a Parisian traveller, published in Paris in 1517 as "Voyage de la Saincte cyte de Hierusalem en l'an mil quatre cens quatre vingtz". - Provenance: a fair copy prepared in France, likely in Normandy, by a professional scribe after 1480, probably following the author's own notes. Rediscovered in 1972 by the French physician Dr. Lemonnier in the estate of his grandmother Henriette Rooy, née Masmoudet, whose father had been an educator at Athis-Mons (Orge) (cf. Pinzuti/Tucoo-Chala [1973], p. 8). Previously in a collection owned by the Duguet family, connected with the painter Eugène Fromentin. - Binding tattered, some writing on parchment faded, but stitching tight with the manuscript in excellent condition and well legible throughout.
¶ N. Pinzuti & P. Tucoo-Chala (eds.), Le voyage de Pierre Barbatre à Jérusalem en 1480. Edition critique d'un manuscrit inédit, in: Annuaire-Nulletin de la Société de l'histoire de France, 1972/73 (1974), pp. 75-172. The same, "Sur un récit inédit de voyage aux Lieux Saints sous Louis XI", in: Comptes rendus des séances de l'Academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, 117:1, 1973, pp. 188-204. Europäische Reiseberichte des späten Mittelalters II (1999), no. 23. P. Cantoni, Les pelerinages a Jerusalem et au mont Sinai du XIVe au XVIe siecle, diplome d'archiviste paleographe, Ecole nationale des chartes (Paris 1972), pp. 33-42. Dansette (1977), p. LXXI. Esch (1984), pp. 384-416. Crouzet-Pavan (1984), pp. 489-535. Ashtor (1985), p. 211. Chevallier (1987), pp. 366, 370f.

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Album of the Imperial blanket maker J. F. Hörmannsperger
907

Baroque pattern book and album of the blanket maker Johann Franz Hörmannsperger. Vienna, 1736. Vienna, 1736. Oblong folio (390 x 252 mm). 118 numbered ff. (but 115: ff. 96, 106, and 112 skipped). Calligraphic preface by Hörmannsperger, 58 full-page textile designs by the same, mostly in red, blue, green, and gilt (including one folded, double-page sized specimen and 4 ff. with 2 designs each), 7 splendid gouache washes raised in gilt and silver; bound in between these are a total of 52 engravings on 48 plates, all in splendid contemporary colour raised in gilt and silver. Contemp. marbled boards.

EUR 85,000.00

Unique, museum-quality document of late Baroque craftsmanship among the urban Third Estate: apart from 58 meticulously executed textile designs, the album contains seven large-format gouaches showing the self-assured author practising his trade in his workshop, advertising and selling his wares to customers, as well as playing music and even bowling, but also attending the general meeting of the Viennese blanket makers. The engravings which Hörmannsperger inserted between his own works all show mundane subjects (dwarves, soldiers, caricatures, etc.): thus, his autograph textile designs and gouaches are interleaved with some of the rarest and most charming pieces produced by the 1720's Augsburg school of engraving. - The album is introduced by a self-portrait of the 26-year-old Hörmannsperger in his workshop (with his compass and one of the later-included textile designs lying on the table); on the opposite page he offers a brief preface to the volume: "for true art speaks for the master: here is a book, all mine, with many drawings, as they will be seen, all drawn by me, though I say so myself, with much time, labour, and trouble [...] I, Johann Frantz Hörmansperger" (transl.). The captions to the splendid gouaches prove the author's humour (sometimes bawdy) as well as a trait of surprising self-confidence. Pitching his self-plaited blanket to a female customer, he addresses her: "My dear lady, here's a fine blanket for you - you may well stretch yourself under this: one and a half ells wide and two in length; perfect for flipping over with your husband underneath" (transl., f. 84). Another image shows him selling saddlecloths to military officers ("we'll have these and take them into battle", f. 86); yet another shows him bowling in a Baroque garden at the weekend ("All gay and jolly, for we are journeymen of the trade: and so the virgins may be; they will not be bored - here is red wine and white, so well we may make merry", f. 94) and dancing ("Be merry all. Musicians play! Thus do the blanket makers frolic and dance with pretty girls until their shoes may fall to pieces", f. 104). The final leaf shows an apprentice received into the society of blanket makers at their quarterly general assembly ("The blanket makers convene today to discuss what concerns the society: the young man must have learned his trade; he is not too tall nor too small. But he must put in his time, until he is made a journeyman", f. 118). Some of Hörmannsperger's ornamental designs, created with the use of a compass, include centerpieces showing armorial or figural motifs; one design (f. 113) is apparently a commission for Emperor Charles VI (bearing his monogram and Imperial insignia); according to the later caption, it was indeed executed for him. - Between his own works Hörmannsperger bound engravings by the great Augsburg masters of his age, all splendidly coloured and raised in gilt and silver: eight engravings from Elias Bäck's dwarf series (fencing school, drinking, gluttony, and tobacco addiction), a complete cycle of the seasons and the life stages of man by Martin Engelbrecht ("Der Menschen Jahr Veränderung"), a total of 19 of the famous engravings by Pfeffel, Schmidt, and Engelbrecht showing a soldier's life (two with movable parts), as well as a fine broadsheet by Albrecht Schmidt showing the seven Honest Swabians, and finally an untitled eight-page cycle showing the female tempers. - The Austrian and especially the Viennese bedclothes were known for their high quality throughout the continent. During their golden age in the 18th century they were exported to all European courts, as well as to Greece, Turkey, and many oriental countries. At the time this album was drawn up, there were ten masters of the profession in Vienna alone creating blankets and mattresses as well as backpacks and cuirasses. - Provenance: acquired in 1893 "from Mr Josef Lang's son-in-law" by the bedclothes merchant Josef Pauly, supplier to the Royal and Imperial court, and passed on by him to Mr. Junghofer, chairman of the bedclothes makers' cooperative, in 1896 (cf. Pauly's autograph dedication note on the flyleaf); last in an Austrian private collection. Boards imperceptibly restored at lower spine end; interior slightly fingerstained; slight tears to two leaves, but in excellent state of preservation altogether.

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908

[Baudeau, Nicolas]. Idees d'un citoyen sur la puissance du roi... et le commerce de la nation dans l'orient. Amsterdam, 1763. Amsterdam, 1763. 40 p. (With:) De la dépense des deniers publics, & de la méthode la plus assurée d'y mettre de la clarté, del'ordre & de l'economie. 40 pp. Contemporary marbled wrappers.

EUR 5,000.00

First and only edition. One of the rarest works by Badeau (1730-92), an advocate of physiocracy: a plea for free trade with Asia and Africa, with suggestions for the administration of the Compagnie des Indes. While the book is complete with 40 pages in spite of ending on p. 40 with the catchword 'Chapitre II' (all known copies - BnF, BSB, Univ. de Poitiers, Bibl. Sainte Genevieve, Minist. Affaires étrangères - have 40 pages), a "Chapitre II" was published separately under the title "De la dépense des deniers publics". This extremely rare additional chapter, comprising another 40 pages, is present here, being loosely inserted at the end of the volume. While it for its part bears the catchword "Chap. III" on its final page, no such third chapter is known to have appeared. - An untrimmed copy.
¶ Kress 6073 (40 pp.). INED 282 (a similar copy, but bound with the third part of the quoted book). Not in Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

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909

Becher, Johann Joachim. Politische Discurs, von den eigentlichen Ursachen, deß Auff-... und Abnehmens der Stadt, Länder und Republicken, in specie, wie ein Land volckreich und nahrhafft zu machen, und in eine rechte societatem civilem zu bringen. [...] Zweyte Edition. Mit vier Theilen vermehret, worinnen viel nutzliche, wichtige und curiose Sachen begriffen. Frankfurt, Johann David Zunner, 1673. Frankfurt, Johann David Zunner, 1673. 8vo. (14), 1272, (22) pp., final blank. Wants frontispiece (which announced the work as "Dr. Bechers Commercien-Tractat"). Contemporary vellum with handwritten spine title.

EUR 6,500.00

Second, much expanded edition: the first available one. The major book of "the greatest representative of cameralism" (Roll). This is the best edition: the work was first published in 1668 as a diminutive volume of a mere 234 pages which, according to Humpert, was seized. Further editions appeared in 1688, 1721, and in an edition published and annotated by Georg Heinrich Zincke in 1754 and 1759. - Binding somewhat dust-soiled. Handwritten ownership "D. Karschulin", dated 14 May 1890, on pastedown. Faint stamps of the Vienna Academy of Trade on title and verso.
¶ VD 17, 1:068320R. Kress 1327. Humpert 73. Schumpeter 283f. Palgrave I, 128. Roll, A History of Economic Thought (1956), p. 66. Not in Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

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His first publication, inscribed
910

Bernhard, Thomas. Auf der Erde und in der Hölle. Gedichte.... Salzburg, Otto Müller Verlag, 1957. Salzburg, Otto Müller Verlag, 1957. 8vo. 125, (3) pp. Original limp synthetic binding.

EUR 4,500.00

Inscribed copy of Bernhard's first publication: "Herrn Dr. Möstl herzlichst [...] Thomas Bernhard / 9. XI. 63".
¶ WG² 1.

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911

Bernhard, Thomas. Verstörung. Frankfurt, Insel, 1967. Frankfurt, Insel, 1967. 8vo. 235 pp. Original cloth with paper label and dustjacket.

EUR 2,500.00

First edition. Inscribed: "Für / Ingrid / 23.5.69 / in Nathal / Thomas". - Dustjacket with slight damages to margins, small waterstains to cloth.
¶ WG² 10.

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A source for Copernicus: the first use of decimal fractions in Europe
912

Bianchini, Giovanni. Tabulae de motibus planetarum. [Ferrara, ca 1475]. [Ferrara, ca 1475]. Folio (242 x 340 mm). Latin manuscript on paper. 160 leaves (complete including four blank leaves at the beginning and six at the end). Written in brown ink in a neat humanistic hand, double columns, 37 lines to each page, numerous two and three line initials supplied in red or blue. With one large illuminated initial and coat of arms of the Scalamonte family flanked by floral decoration on first leaf, painted in shades of blue, green and lilac and heightened in burnished gold. With altogether 231 full-page tables in red and brown, some marginal or inter-columnar annotations, and one extended annotation on final leaf. Fifteenth century blind stamped goat skin over wooden boards, remains of clasps.

EUR 280,000.00

The so-called Toledan Tables are astronomical tables used to predict the movements of the Sun, Moon and planets relative to the fixed stars. They were completed around the year 1080 at Toledo by a group of Arab astronomers, led by the mathematician and astronomer Al-Zarqali (known to the Western World as Arzachel), and were first updated in the 1270s, afterwards to be referred to as the "Alfonsine Tables of Toledo". Named after their sponsor King Alfonso X, it "is not surprising that" these tables "originated in Castile because Christians in the 13th century had easiest access there to the Arabic scientific material that had reached its highest scientific level in Muslim Spain or al-Andalus in the 11th century" (Goldstein 2003, 1). The Toledan Tables were undoubtedly the most widely used astronomical tables in medieval Latin astronomy, but it was Giovanni Bianchini whose rigorous mathematical approach made them available in a form that could finally be used by early modern astronomy. - Bianchini was in fact "the first mathematician in the West to use purely decimal tables" and decimal fractions (Feingold, 20) by applying with precision the tenth-century discoveries of the Arab mathematician Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqilidisi, which had been further developed in the Islamic world through the writings of Al-Kashi and others (cf. Rashed, 88 and 128ff.). Despite the fact that they had been widely discussed and applied in the Arab world throughout a period of five centuries, decimal fractions had never been used in the West until Bianchini availed himself of them for his trigonometric tables in the "Tabulae de motis planetarum". It is this very work in which he set out to achieve a correction of the Alfonsine Tables by those of Ptolemy. "Thorndike observes that historically, many have erred by neglecting, because of their difficulty, the Alfonsine Tables for longitude and the Ptolemaic for finding the latitude of the planets. Accordingly, in his Tables Bianchini has combined the conclusions, roots and movements of the planets by longitude of the Alfonsine Tables with the Ptolemaic for latitude" (Tomash, 141). - The importance of the present work, today regarded as representative of the scientific revolutions in practical mathematics and astronomy on the eve of the Age of Discovery, is underlined by the fact that it was not merely dedicated but also physically presented by the author to the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in person on the occasion of Frederick's visit to Ferrara. In return for his "Tabulae", a "book of practical astronomy, containing numbers representing predicted times and positions to be used by the emperor's […] astrologers in managing the future" (Westman, 10ff.), Bianchini was granted a title of nobility by the sovereign. - For Regiomontanus, who studied under Bianchini together with Peurbach, the author of the "Tabulae" counted as the greatest astronomer of all time, and to this day Bianchini's work is considered "the largest set of astronomical tables produced in the West before modern times" (Chabbas 2009, VIII). Even Copernicus, a century later, still depended on the "Tabulae" for planetary latitude (cf. Goldstein 2003, 573), which led to Al-Zarquali's Tables - transmitted in Bianchini's adaption - ultimately playing a part in one of the greatest revolutions in the history of science: the 16th century shift from geocentrism to the heliocentric model. - In the year 1495, some 20 years after our manuscript was written, Bianchini's Tables were printed for the first time, followed by editions in 1526 and 1563. Apart from these printed versions, quite a few manuscript copies of his work are known in western libraries - often comprising only the 231 full-page Tables but omitting the 68-page introductory matter explaining how they were calculated and meant to be used, which is present in our manuscript. Among the known manuscripts in public collections is one copied by Regiomontanus, and another written entirely in Copernicus's hand (underlining the significance of the Tables for the scientific revolution indicated above), but surprisingly not one has survived outside Europe. Indeed, the only U.S. copy recorded by Faye (cf. below) was the present manuscript, then in the collection of Robert Honeyman. There was not then, nor is there now, any copy of this manuscript in an American institution. Together with one other specimen in the Erwin Tomash Library, our manuscript is the only preserved manuscript witness for this "crucial text in the history of science" (Goldstein 2003, publisher's blurb) in private hands. Apart from these two examples, no manuscript version of Bianchini's "Tabulae" has ever shown up in the trade or at auctions (according to a census based on all accessible sources). - Condition: watermarks identifiable as Briquet 3387 (ecclesiastical hat, attested in Florence 1465) and 2667 (Basilisk, attested to Ferrara and Mantua 1447/1450). Early manuscript astronomical table for the year 1490 mounted onto lower pastedown. Minor waterstaining in initial leaves and a little worming at back, but generally clean and in a fine state of preservation. Italian binding sympathetically rebacked, edges of covers worn to wooden boards. A precious manuscript, complete and well preserved in its original, first binding. Provenance: 1) Written ca 1475 by Francesco da Quattro Castella (his entry on fol. 150v) for 2) Marco Antonio Scalamonte from the patrician family of Ancona, who became a senator in Rome in 1502 (his illuminated coat of arms on fol. 1r). 3) Later in an as yet unidentified 19th century collection of apparently considerable size (circular paper label on spine "S. III. NN. Blanchinus. MS.XV. fol. 43150"). 4) Robert Honeyman, Jr. (1928-1987), probably the most prominent U.S. collector of scientific books and manuscripts in the 20th century, who "had a particular interest in astronomy" (S. Horobin, 238), his shelf mark "Astronomy MS 1" on front pastedown. 5) Honeyman Collection of Scientific Books and Manuscripts, Part III, Sotheby's, London, Wed May 2, 1979, lot 1110, sold to 6) Alan Thomas (1911-1992), his catalogue 43.2 (1981), sold to 7) Hans Peter Kraus (1907-1988), sold to 8) UK private collection.
¶ Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabas, 'Ptolemy, Bianchini and Copernicus: Tables for Planetary Latitudes,' Archive for the History of Exact Sciences, vol. 58, no. 5 (July 2004), pp. 553-573. Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabas, Alfonsine Tables of Toledo (= Dordrecht-Boston-Londres, Kluwer Academic Publishers ("Archimedes, New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology" 8), 2003. José Chabás & Bernard R. Goldstein, The Astronomical Tables of Giovanni Bianchini (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2009). Thorndike, 'Giovanni Bianchini in Paris Mss,' Scripta Mathematica 16 (1950) 69ff. & his 'Giovanni Bianchini in Italian Mss.,' Scripta Mathematica 19 (1953) 5-17. Rashed, Development of Arabic Mathematics: Between Arithmetic and Algebra. Boston, 2013. Mordechai Feingold & Victor Navarro-Brotons, Universities and Science in the Early Modern Period. Boston 2006. R. Westman, Copernicus and the Astrologers. Smithsonian 2016. M. Williams, The Erwin Tomash Library on the History of Computing, 2008, 141. Simon Horobin & Linne Mooney, English Texts in Transition: A Festschrift Dedicated to Toshiyuki Takamiya on his 70th Birthday. Woodbridge 2014. Silvia Faschi, Prima e dopo la raccolta: diffusione e circolazione delle Satyrae, di Francesco Filelfo. Spunti dall' epistolario edito ed ineditio. In: Medioevo e Rinascimento. XIV, n.s. XI (2000), 147-166 (mentioning a connection between the Italian Humanist and Marco Antonio Scalamonte). C. U. Faye & W. H. Bond, Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (1962), p. 21, no. 12 (this manuscript).

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This Testament shall be Luther's German Testament: Luther's Definitive Text
913

[Biblia germanica - NT]. Luther, Martin. Das Newe Testament Mar. Luthers. Wittenberg, (Hans Lufft), 1530. Wittenberg, (Hans Lufft), 1530. 8vo (130 x 185 mm). (328) ff. (A-Z8, a-s8). With woodcut title border, 36 full-page woodcuts (including 3 repeats) and woodcut initials. Contemporary dark brown full calf, blindstamped with tendril designs framing a crucifix (upper cover) and four rows of tendril rolls (lower cover). Remains of clasps; spine on 3 raised bands, professionally repaired.

EUR 75,000.00

Exceptionally rare impression of Luther's New Testament in German, the original edition of the last text he issued before incorporating it into his first complete German Bible of 1534. Luther's first edition of the German New Testament, famously published in September 1522, had been a single-handed effort, the work of no more than eleven intensely laborious weeks which he had spent in hiding at the Wartburg. An expensive folio production, it nevertheless sold out in less than three months. During the following years Luther had moved on to tackle various books of the Old Testament, for the preparation of which he employed the help and advice of several friends whose knowledge of Hebrew he felt to be superior. In 1529 however, as part of his work towards a complete German Bible, he meticulously revised (with the support of Melanchthon) his earlier version of the New Testament, and the present edition went forth at Frankfurt's 1530 Easter Book Fair. For the first time it appeared in the pocket-size octavo format, containing several new woodcuts by Georg Lemberger which maintained the style of the Lucas Cranach illustrations. Notably, the woodcut of St. Matthew is a portrait of Luther himself. The 25th illustration of the Apocalypse introduces a surprisingly topical slant, picturing Gog and Magog as the Turkish army which had besieged Vienna the previous year: St. Stephen's Cathedral is clearly visible, and the city wall bears the inscription "Wien", lest even the most obtuse of readers miss the point (indeed, a marginal note in the text opposite spells out the identification). As for the edition's textual changes, "the improvements were grammatical, syntactical, and stylistic in nature, but often were also theologically motivated. In particular, the changes to the prefaces are of theological importance: Luther expanded the prologue to the First Epistle to the Corinthians; the Revelation's introduction was expanded eightfold and given a wholly new character, which was now closer to a true commentary - or rather to a polemic which drew its incisiveness from its capacity to bring up to date the interpretation of the Holy Scripture" (cf. Reinitzer, p. 153). Luther's translation "was of vital importance to the progress of the Reformation, giving a new impetus to the study of the scriptures in the vernacular all over Europe. It also was to have as profound an influence on the development of the German language as the King James Bible later had on English" (PMM 51). The verso of the title page bears Luther's sardonic warning to piratical printers and competing translators: "I beg all my friends and foes, my masters, printers, and readers, let this New Testament be mine. If they lack one, let them make one for themselves. I know full well what I am doing, as I am well aware of what others are doing, but this Testament shall be Luther's German Testament; for there is not measure nor end to fault-finding and second-guessing." The demand for the book proved enormous: by the time Luther's German Bible was published in 1534, over 80 editions of his New Testament had appeared, and by the time of his death the reprints numbered at least 330. Even the original 1530 Testament exists in two collations with three different title pages, all equally rare: earlier that the same year, the printer Lufft had produced a 412-leaf Testament with a significantly narrower printed space, which he then reissued with a changed title woodcut. The title page of the present, final variant, re-set with a wider printed space and a title border showing tendril-entwined columns at the sides and medallions at the top and bottom, is the one pictured in Reinitzer (fig. 81). - Insignificant browning and occasional light fingerstaining, with a few 17th or 18th century underlinings in brown crayon and occasional annotations in an early 18th century hand. The first of the final endpapers has writing on both sides, containing diary entries for the years 1731 to 1733. These notes (by one Johann Georg Rüger from Zell near Schweinfurt in Lower Franconia) are not without interest, as they record events such as the writer's unexpected assistance at a birth ("Heut tato den 17 Junii 1731 hab ich in schwein furth Ein Kint müsen heben, Martin Albrecht, ich Johann Georg Rüger"), the burial of the local shepherd (noting the pallbearers by name, as well as the passage from the Epistle to the Romans read at the funeral), or the transferral of the local priest and the arrival of the new one (noting the passage from the Acts of the Apostles read by Pastor Johann Englert at the investiture, as well as the writer's own participation in the ceremony as a trumpeter). A later pencil ownership ("Johann Valentin Hoffman 1779") in an uneducated hand on the verso of the final index leaf opposite. - No copy in auction records since 1950. VD 16 lists only two copies in libraries (Coburg and Wolfenbüttel), to which Pietsch adds a copy in Bamberg, as well as incomplete copies in Berlin and Hamburg.
¶ VD 16 B 4400. Benzing 1530.3. Pietsch 34. Reinitzer, Biblia deutsch, no. 85 (with fig. 81). Panzer 77, 14. Bindseil VI, p. XV, e15. Muther, Bilderbibeln 255; Bücherillustration 1609. OCLC 258150473. Not in Bibelslg. Württemberg (but cf. Abt. 2, vol. 1, E 232). Not in Darlow/Moule. Cf. Ursprung der Biblia Deutsch (Exhibition cat., Stuttgart 1983), IVC 2, no. 6.

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Illuminated with two miniatures
914

[Biblia latina]. Biblia latina. Nuremberg, Koberger, 14. VI. 1478. Nuremberg, Koberger, 14. VI. 1478. Large folio (280 x 360 mm). Including Menardus monachus. (1), CCCCLXI, (6) ff., with two coloured historiated initials. 16th century blindstamped pigskin binding over wooden boards, wants clasps.

EUR 50,000.00

Koberger's third Latin Bible, printed with the same types as the second: in the splendic Gothic typeface which Koberger used exclusively for his Bibles; at the same time, the earliest type he is known to have used (cf. Klemm, Bibliogr. Mus., 722). The initial on fol. i shows the evangelist Mark with the lion; the tendril decoration reaches from the upper edge (slightly trimmed) to the lower one, ending in a coat of arms bearing the monogram "S-A-B". The second historiated initial on fol. iiii shows the Fall from Grace (Adam and Eve in paradise, with the apple tree and the serpent in the centre); here, the tendrils reach as far as the lower third of the page and also end in a coat of arms. Very exactingly rubricated throughout; signed at the end: "91 Jo fec". Several handwritten ownerships to fol. A1r, some contemporary, others as late as 1876: the name and printed bookplate of "C. R. Earley, Ridgway, Pa." (1823-98). Several manuscript marginalia. Some slight browning to the gutter of the first few leaves, staining to upper edge of fol. i. Insignificant waterstaining to upper edge of several leaves; occasional foxing or tiny smudged inkstains. Handwritten marginalia trimmed in places, but altogether a crisp, wide-margined copy. Some staining to the hefty binding; edges as well as a crack to the upper cover have been unobtrusively repaired.
¶ Hain 3068. Goff B-556. GW 4232. BMC II, 415. Polain 648. Pellechet 2296. Oates 988. Hase 27.

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915

Blaeu, Joan / Martini, Martinus. Novus Atlas Sinensis. Le Theatre du Monde, ou... Nouvel Atlas […] Sixiesme Partie. Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, [1655]. Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, [1655]. Folio (560 x 364 mm). Engraved architectural title with French letterpress text label, 17 engraved double-page maps colored by a contemporary hand (no text on versos), mounted on guards. Modern calf.

EUR 48,000.00

First Latin edition of the first European atlas of China. Martini based his highly regarded survey on the Ming revision of the Yü t'u, unlike d'Anville's atlas which used Jesuit surveys. D'Anville notes in his Mémoire: "Martini made use of the maps which the Chinese possessed at the time. They do great honour to that nation and make them superior in this connection to any other Asian people" (p. 25f.; quoted in Lust). The hand-coloured double-page maps consist of a general map of China, 15 maps of the provinces, and a map of Japan. The volume was published as a separate volume by Blaeu in 1655; however, the maps were also included in volume VI of Blaeu’s "Nieuwe Atlas" (1649-58) in Dutch and "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum; sive, Novus Atlas" (1655) in Latin. - Title with small repair at center, patched with bookplate on verso before colouring, first leaf with paper flaw repaired before printing and with a few letters supplied in manuscript facsimile on verso, map of Iunnan with tiny losses to brown pigment repaired on verso, some browning, mostly to text. Provenance: contemporary, unidentified engraved armorial bookplate on verso of title; latterly in the library of Jean R. Perrette (his bookplate on pastedown).
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 182. Koeman Bl 53. Lust 160. Henze III, 384f. & cf. IV, 339. Howgego I, M64 (p. 689).

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Famous navigational manual, with new views of the principal harbours
916

Bougard, R. / Serres, John Thomas (ed. and transl.). The little sea torch: or, true guide for... coasting pilots: by which they are clearly instructed how to navigate along the coasts of England, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Sicily; the isles of Malta, Corsica, Sardinia, and others in the straits; and of the coast of Barbary, from Cape Bon to Cape de Verd. Enriched with upwards of one hundred appearances of head-lands and light-houses. Together with plans of the principal harbours. Also a table of soundings [...]. London, printed by T. Rickaby for J. Debrett and the author, 1801. London, printed by T. Rickaby for J. Debrett and the author, 1801. Folio (285 x 447 mm). (2), II, 144, (6) pp. With 20 hand-coloured aquatint plates, each showing several coastal views, and 24 hand-coloured detailed plans on 12 plates, engraved by John Luffman. Contemporary half calf over marbled boards with giltstamped red spine label. Later endpapers.

EUR 15,000.00

First English translation of Le Sieur Bougard's famous and oft-printed navigation manual, the "Petit flambeau de la mer", which contains "the minute description of the coasts of the countries and islands indicated by the title" (Phillips). Crucially, this edition boasts a new and original series of illustrations, "beautifully drawn and colored views of the principal headlands, harbors, lighthouses, ports, etc. mentioned in the text" (Phillips), drawn by the English painter John Thomas Serres (1759-1825), who was created Maritime Painter to King George III in 1793. In 1800 Serres became Marine Draughtsman to the Admiralty, and the sketches he made on his ensuing coastal voyages around Britain, France and Spain, and into the Mediterranean, were self-published in the present form, with the consent of the Admiralty (which purchased two copies). "The vast majority of the [...] 170 subscribers were naval officers. This may well be considered to be Serres's most important contribution to the arts of naval victory, both because it was a valuable aid to navigation and because it displays such consummate workmanship" (Tracy). The harbour charts are the work of John Luffman, who was active between 1776 and 1820 as an engraver, publisher, and goldsmith, and the "Naval Chronicle" published quite a few of Luffman's charts. - Slight wear to extremities. Occasional light spotting, neatly rebacked to style.
¶ Phillips 2852. Goldsmiths'-Kress library of economic literature; v. 5, reel 22, no. 4. Tooley, Mapmakers I, 172. N. Tracy, Britannia's Palette: The Arts of Naval Victory (Montreal 2007), p. 232. Cf. Polak 1044; NHSM 69.

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In contemporary full calf
917

Brentano, Clemens. Gockel, Hinkel und Gackeleia. Ein Märchen. Frankfurt, Schmerber, 1838. Frankfurt, Schmerber, 1838. 8vo. XIV, 346, (2) pp. With lithogr. title page and 14 full-page lithographs after the author's own designs. Contemp. calf with giltstamped spine title, covers and spine elaborately gilt.

EUR 5,000.00

First edition of the famous fairy tale, illustrated after Brentano's own designs and dedicated to a "little old grandmother" (meaning Marianne von Willemer). - The fine binding in the Romantic style is very slightly rubbed at the extremeties, corners slightly bumped. From the collection of the Prussian civil servant Heinrich Stinnes (1867-1932), the brother of the industrialist and politician Hugo Stinnes, with his characteristic autograph ownership and acquisition note on the flyleaf.
¶ WG² 26. Goedeke VI, 62, 43. Mallon 112. Borst 1856. Rümann 130 & 2562. Seebaß I, 275.

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The Queen's present to her mother
918

Carmen Sylva, Queen consort of Romania and wife of King Carol I of Romania, poetess (1843-1916). Kleine Andachten für Segenhaus. No place, 31 Dec 1883. No place, 31 Dec 1883. 8vo (125 x 205 x 50 mm). Autogr. ms. on paper, with Elizabeth's silverstamped crowned initials on every other leaf. 3 ff., 400 pp., 4 ff. Splendid contemporary ochre velveteen binding with nine metal fittings, seven bosses and two clasps, studded with a total of 20 facetted garnets and 9 freshwater pearls. Brown moirée silk endpapers; pastedowns framed with a wide border of dark green giltstamped calf. Silver edges, goffered.

EUR 25,000.00

Elisabeth I of Romania, chiefly known under her pen name "Carmen Sylva", probably composed these devotional texts during a protracted stay in Italy and with her mother in Segenhaus (Neuwied, Rhineland-Palatinate) during the years 1882/83. The 21 devotions were first published in 1888 in Romanian (as "Cuvinte Sufletesti", "Words of the Soul"); a German edition appeared in Bonn in 1900 as "Seelengespräche". The Queen drew up this present fair copy specially for her mother and dedicated it to her, bound in a luxury binding, for her 59th birthday: "Meiner Mutter, meinem Religionslehrer und Vorbild auf dem Erdengange" ("To my mother, my religious instructor and role model throughout my life", f. 2). - Velvet binding shows signs of age in places, but is only very slightly rubbed. Silver edges are oxydized; wants a headband. The paper is unstained and immaculately white.
¶ Cf. Silvia I. Zimmermann: Die dichtende Königin. Selbstmythisierung und prodynastische Öffentlichkeitsarbeit durch Literatur (Stuttgart 2010). For the first printing: Schmidt 459.

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919

Cavalcanti, Bartolomeo. Trattati overo discorsi [...] sopra gli ottimi reggimenti... delle republiche antiche et moderne. Venice, (Jacopo Sansovino il Giovane, 1570)-1571. Venice, (Jacopo Sansovino il Giovane, 1570)-1571. 4to. (4), 86, (1) ff. With small woodcut device on title, several woodcut initials and head-pieces and fine printer's device to verso of last leaf. Contemporary limp vellum.

EUR 1,500.00

First edition. A treatise on political theory exposing liberal if not democratic principles for a republican city government, with much attention devoted to public administration, economic policy, the advancement of agricultural production, etc. Cavalcanti (1503-62), a Florentine scholar, historian and diplomat, is best known for his compendium of classical rhetoric (Retorica, 1559) in which he emphasized its practical rather than its literary meaning. After the assassination of Alessandro de' Medici in 1537 he left Florence and lived in Ferrara and Rome, serving as a diplomat for Pope Paul III, and died in Padua. This treatise was posthumously published by Sebastiano Erizo and reprinted several times, with at least three editions in the 19th century. - Handwritten ownership of Andrea da Verrazzano on flyleaf. Stitching slightly defective, wanting the final part (14 leaves). Small waterstain in upper and lower part of inner margin. A nice copy.
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 10438. Adams C 1178. BM-STC Italian 162.

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Cellini's only work published during his lifetime
920

Cellini, Benvenuto. Due trattati, uno intorno alle otto principali arti... dell'oreficeria. L'altro in materia dell'arte della scultura. Florence, Valente Panizza & Marco Peri, 1568. Florence, Valente Panizza & Marco Peri, 1568. 4to. (5) ff., 1 blank, 61, (7) ff. With armorial title woodcut (Medici arms), printer's device at the end, and 35 large woodcut initials, showing views of cities. Contemp. vellum. All edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 18,500.00

First edition of the only work of Cellini's published during the author's lifetime, and indeed in the entire 16th century. This treatise on the art of goldsmiths and sculptors offers a wealth of technical instructions drawn from immediate practical experience (on enamelling, gilding, embossing, moulding, bronze casting, etc.), providing insight not only into Cellini’s own methods, but also in those of Michelangelo and other Renaissance artists. - The misnumbered final leaf no. "47" has been corrected to "61" by a contemporary owner. Some occasional browning; slight waterstain near end. Binding somewhat rubbed and bumped at extremeties, with minor worming to upper cover. Letterpress bookplate of the musician and bibliophile Louis Thompson Rowe (1855-1927) and steel-engraved bookplate of John Addington Symonds (1840-93), a poet, literary critic and Renaissance scholar best known as an early advocate of male homosexuality. In 1887 he published an English translation of Cellini's autobiography. - Uncommon; ABPC lists the last copy at an international auction in 2003.
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 10737. BM-STC 164. Adams C 1240. IA 135.063. Cicognara 273. Gamba 335. Parenti 151. Steinmann/W. (Michelangelo) 439.

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921

[China]. Photograph album. China, 1910-1917. China, 1910-1917. Oblong folio (306 x 252 mm). Contemporary half leather album of 230 photographs (average size 9 x 12 cm).

EUR 18,000.00

A remarkable collection of photographs showing China during the 1910s, the vast majority captioned in English. They include Shanghai, the Yangtze River, life outside Shanghai, Hong Kong, the River Canton, the canal between Shameen and Canton City, Canton, the five-storey pagodas and graveyards outside the Canton walls, Cheefo, Wei-hai-Wei, old Taku Forts and junks on the Pei-ho River, Changli station, Pei-tai-ho, Chien-Meng gate in Beijing, Chien-Men, the wall of Beijing, shelter for man guarding crops, kiaolang and soya crop near Beijing, the Beijing bell tower, the Race Club, yew trees, Temple of Heaven, the Pagoda at Yu-Chuan-Shan near Beijing, the Terracotta Pagoda and hills east of Beijing, the hills west of Yu Chuan-Pu, camel-back bridge in the gardens of Ya Choan-Shan, temples and lake in the summer palace, the Lama Temple courtyard in Beijing, the Pond Summer Palace, the Marble Bridge Summer Palace, looking up beginning of Pass Kalgar, foot of pass: carts and bullocks, the great wall on hills, camels waiting to be loaded at foot of pass, the riverbed forming a road; ascending the Nantow Pass, Messrs. Brisker, Hawkshaw and Horsely with the Lama Temple in the background, a view from the train near Kalgar, Men-Tou-Kou, a coal mine near Beijing, the Shan-Hai-Kwan hills, junks, fishing boats, a bluff seen from the harbour, Chinwantao, the old walled town on way to Hot Springs, the Great Wall of China at Shan-Hai-Twam, a steamer going down the river, a pontoon bridge to a Russian concession, Peizus waiting on tee to take passengers down the river, gardens, the Tientsin Club and station, the Tientsin Golf course, a fire at Liddell Bros., British soldiers leaving Tientsin for Tsingtau, international manoeuvres at Tientsin (spring 1914) showing Russian, British, French, Japanese, German troops, an icebreaker at Tientsin, the river near Canton, inside the Forbidden City of Beijing, Tai-Ho-Tien Forbidden City, a grotto temple near Shan-hai-Kwan, 13 photographs of Japan, a dam in the course of construction (Li-Shu-Shcen), the Regent Emperor (12th July 1917), Manchu troops in Beijing, the funeral of Yuan Shih-Kai in 1916, northern troops outside Tung Hua, Chang Siens soldiers, a flooded Chinese city, as well as eight photographs of Russia. - Album bumped at extremeties and lacks spine, a few leaves loose but interior very well preserved altogether.

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The invention of America
922

De Bry, Theodor. [The Great American Voyages]. Vols. 1-9 plus variant... duplicate volumes of IV and VIII, in all 11 volumes, bound in 9. Mixed editions/issues, mixed German and Latin text. Frankfurt/Oppenheim, 1591-1625. Frankfurt/Oppenheim, 1591-1625. Folio. Bound in 9 uniform magnificent late 19th century full green morocco bindings with gilt centrepieces, gilt lines to edges of boards and gilt line-frames to inside of boards. All edges gilt and all volumes signed W. Pratt.

EUR 185,000.00

A lovely set, exquisitely and uniformly bound, magnificently restored in the most gentle and respectful of manners, of the entire original run of De Bry's "Great American Voyages" (supplied by extra variant copies of volumes IV and VIII), the magnificent work that is responsible for shaping the European image of the New World, inventing it in the minds of the masses. Presenting a broad view of European conquests in America and the first contact with the American Indians, De Bry's Great American Voyages represents the first attempt to introduce in Europe - and on a large scale - a pictorial image of the New World as a whole. With it, the first iconography of the American Indian had been created, and most Europeans glimpsed for the first time the wonders of the New World in the illustrations present here. For more than a century, the European view of the New World was dominated by the present work. Theodor de Bry himself published the first six parts (in German and Latin simultaneously), and after his death, his widow and his two sons issued the three following parts. "It appears that they intended to stop there" (Sabin III, 20). However, 17 years later, Johann Theodor decided to publish another three volumes (1619-24). These are not present here. The present set is a mix of the German and Latin volumes (which appeared simultaneously), and as always in a mix of editions and issues. Due to the great scarcity as well as the complex bibliographical nature of "The Great American Voyages", no sets of this great work are said to be alike. They are always made up of different languages, editions, and issues, and there is said to be no such thing as a "complete set". Copies of sets are almost always in very poor condition. - With the book plate of John Jay Paul (dated 1913 and 1914) to each volume, and each volume with a tipped-in manuscript note describing issue points and/or the main restoration work (one dated 1919). - Gentle washing, pressing, and a few restorations; some maps neatly mounted, 2 maps supplied in facsimile (being the map in both copies of vol. VIII, which is not always present and thus technically not lacking), and a few leaves supposedly supplied from other copies. Occasional slight cropping. All in all a very handsome and well preserved copy.

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“The acme of the age of reason”, complete with 3129 plates
923

Diderot, Denis & d'Alembert, Jean Le Rond. Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts... et des métiers, par une Societé de gens de lettres. Mis en ordre & publié par M. Diderot [...]; & quant à la partie mathematique, par M. d'Alembert [...]. Paris [i. e., Geneva], "1751-1772" [i.e., 1771-1776]. Paris [i. e., Geneva], "1751-1772" [i.e., 1771-1776]. Folio. 17 text vols., 11 plate vols., 5 vols. of supplements. Without the 2 index vols. Altogether 33 vols. with 3129 plates (doubles and triples counted as such) and the engraved frontispiece. Contemp. marbled calf, gilt, with double spine labels.

EUR 75,000.00

Complete copy of the second folio edition, issued simultaneously with the final volumes of the original edition and even reproducing its predecessor's imprint down to the original years of publication. It can be distinguished from the first edition only by the missing accent over the word "Mathématique" and two additional composition errors in the title, for which reason the trade usually offers it as the original edition: indeed, among the more than fifty "Paris" folio editions of the "Encyclopédie" auctioned during the last decades, not a single one is identified as the Geneva reprint, although this edition's press-run was fully half as great as that of the Paris original. - The supplement volumes, which "had no formal connection with the original 'Encyclopédie' and involved a new group of contributors" (Darnton 33), are here present in the 1776-1777 edition published in Paris and Amsterdam, which is generally treated as part of the Paris first edition.
¶ Lough 15-21 & 52-110. Darnton 34. Cf. PMM 200.

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924

Du Fresne de Francheville, Joseph. Histoire generale et particuliere des finances, ou l'on... voit l'origine, l'etablissement, la perception & la regie de toutes les impositions: dressee sur les pieces autentiques. Paris, de Bure l'aine, 1738. Paris, de Bure l'aine, 1738. Small folio. 3 vols. 4to. (20), 938, (2) pp. (8), VIII, (2), 1022, (2) pp. (12), 660, (2) pp. All title-pages printed in red and black. Contemporary full calf with labels to richly gilt spines. Marbled endpapers. All edges red.

EUR 8,500.00

First and only edition. A principal source for the financial history of France; the chief work of the author. The third volume constitutes a history of the Compagnie des Indes, including a great number of facts and figures difficult to find elsewhere. The present three volumes are all that was published of a projected 40-volume complete history of French finances, compiled so as to resolve practical difficulties with the tariff. The first two volumes give a detailed account of the tariff of 1664 for exports (vol. 1) and imports (vol. 2). The author treats, alphabetically, hundreds of taxed goods, including books, clothing, drugs, gold, ivory, jewels, lace, matches, paintings, printing types, silver, wine, and weaponry. The first volume includes an introductory history of duties imposed by earlier regulations since 1304. The highly interesting third volume, with the half title "Histoire de la Compagnie des Indes avec les titres de ses concessions & privileges", deals exclusively with the French East India Company. The greater part of the volume (pp. 159-602) is taken up by sources: official documents, extracts from private memoirs, etc. The volume ends with a chronological index of facts and titles and alphabetical indexes of subjects, of geographical names (with numerous references to Asia and America), and an index of persons. - The archaeologist, poet and historian Du Fresne (1704-81) spent some time at the Prussian court of Frederick II and was a member of the Berlin Academy. He befriended Voltaire, who published the first edition of his "Siècle de Louis XIV" under Du Fresne's name. - Bookplates of the Belgian Château de Seneffe, owned by Julien Depestre (1725-74), a Walloon merchant who made his fortune by trade with the Imperial Austrian troops stationed in the Austrian Netherlands. Light wear to extremities but a fine set.
¶ Einaudi 1639. Kress 4380 (vol. 3 only). INED 1533. Stourm p. 38. Bourgeois/Andre 5918 (vols. 1 & 2) ("a work of the highest order") & 6031 ("of capital importance"). Sabin 21147 (vol. 3). Larousse du XIXe VIII, 755.

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Vesalius's teacher on blood vessels: heavily annotated by a 16th century medical student
925

Dubois (Sylvius), Jacques. In Hippocratis et Galeni physiologiae partem anatomicam isagoge [...]. Paris, Aegidius Gorbin, 1561. Paris, Aegidius Gorbin, 1561. 8vo. 76 ff. - (Bound with) II: The same. Commentarius in Claudii Galeni de ossibus ad tyrones libellum [...]. Ibid., 1561. 37, (3) ff. Contemporary limp vellum (wanting ties).

EUR 9,500.00

Two medical textbooks by the Parisian anatomist Dubois, widely used by French medical students in the mid-16th century. The present volume is heavily annotated by a contemporary owner who signs his name as "Mirard" (?) on the first title-page. The annotations are particularly extensive in the sections on blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. Dubois (1478-1555, Latinized as "Sylvius") was the first to describe venous valves, which he injected with coloured liquids (although their function was discovered only later by William Harvey), and is credited with first having given names to the various muscles, previously simply numbered. His blind reverence for the ancient physicians, especially Galen, involved him in a public controversy with his most famous student, Vesalius, who had dared to expose the errors of the Greeks. A former classicist, Dubois is also the author of the first French grammar to be published in France. - Some waterstaining near end, the final leaf showing severe paper flaws with some loss to the index. The first 50 ff. show noticeable worming to the gutter, stronger near the beginning, but mostly without loss to text. An additional handwritten ownership from Montpellier, another center of French medical learning (signed "G. B. Minet", dated 1709), at the bottom of the title page.
¶ Durling 1259 & 1236. Wellcome I, 6183 & 6184. Adams S 2181 & S 2170. OCLC 14317273 & 1025189760. Cf. BM-STC French 141. Hirsch II, 220f.

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The Theatre of Devils
926

(Feyerabend, Sigmund [ed.]). Theatrum Diabolorum, das ist: Warhaffte eigentliche und kurtze... Beschreibung, allerley grewlicher, schrecklicher und abschewlicher Laster [...]. Frankfurt, Peter Schmid (for Sigmund Feyerabend), 1587-(1588). Frankfurt, Peter Schmid (for Sigmund Feyerabend), 1587-(1588). Folio (250 x 363 mm). 2 parts in 1 volume. (5), 1 blank, 302, (7) ff., final blank. (5), 1 blank, 380, (7) ff., final blank. With 2 different woodcut title vignettes and the publisher's woodcut device on the final page. Contemporary blindstamped pigskin over wooden boards with bevelled edges, on five raised double bands, twith two clasps. All edges red.

EUR 5,000.00

Third and final edition of Sigmund Feyerabend's potboiling compilation of the "devil literature" which flourished in the second half of the Faustian 16th century. "One of the most valuable books for the cultural history of its age" (cf. Hayn/G.). First printed in 1569, Feyerabend's two massive volumes - blatantly entitled "The Theatre of Devils" - aimed to unite all previously published pertinent works. "The clever bookseller had not misjudged his market: the venture proved a happy speculation, and only six years later he went about producing a second edition, which was to include four additional works [...]. The 'Theatrum Diabolorum' appeared for the third and last time in 1587, still printed by Schmidt's press, now including 'ten new' diabolical chapters. By a hardly credible mistake, the 'Melancholic Devil' by Simon Musaeus was included twice in the same volume (fols. 129-136 and 374-380 in part 2) [...]. Naturally, this final two-volume edition was the best-known and the most frequently quoted one in the 17th and 18th centuries, which were still somewhat in touch with the Devil's Literature of the Age of Reformation" (cf. Osborn, p. 38f.). - Binding rubbed and bumped with noticeable worming; some worming to interior; some waterstaining and occasional fingerstaining. Corner of fol. 219 (Oo3) in part 1 remargined with slight loss to text on both sides. Old ownership on title page obliterated in ink by a 17th century owner. Early 19th century duplicate stamp of a German library on the title. Stamp of the Leipzig rare book dealer and auction house Oswald Weigel on pastedown, along with the small bookplate of the Swedish collector Anders Persson of Västeras.
¶ VD 16, F 906. Ebert 22706. Coumont, Witchcraft F28.3. Hayn/G. VII, 617. Grimm, Die Deutschen "Teufelbücher", p. 1751. Osborn, Die Teufellitteratur des XVI. Jahrhunderts, p. 38. Not in Adams or BM-STC German. Cf. Rosenthal 2359.

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With an autograph letter signed by Fourier
927

Fourier, Charles. Traité de l'association domestique-agricole. (Includes:) Sommaire du traité... de l'association domestique-agricole ou attraction industrielle. Paris, London, Bossange père, P. Mongie ainé, M. Bossange et Comp., 1822-1823. Paris, London, Bossange père, P. Mongie ainé, M. Bossange et Comp., 1822-1823. 8vo. 3 vols. LXIV, 592 pp. VIII, 648 pp. (2), 8, 8B-8E, 9-16, (1329)-1398, B1398-1398E, 1399-1448, (1) pp. Contemporary green half calf, spine gilt in compartments, gilt lettering, corners, gilt fillets on sides (some very light browning, first four leaves of the second work with a dampstain in the lower outer blank corner).

EUR 35,000.00

First editions of Fourier's principal work, together with the very rare supplement. The first volume is signed by Fourier on verso of the half title. This is Fourier's most important work, containing "the essence of Fourier's doctrine" (D. O. Evans, Social Romanticism in France 1830-1848, p. 129.) The main thesis of the work is the discovery of "harmonie": the entire work endeavors to prove how this harmony can be established and how life and society should be designed so as to ensure success. In an attempt to garner further attention for his ideas, he published the "Sommaire du traité" in 1823, a supplement often lacking. Indeed, the work went virtually unnoticed. Although Fourier is often seen as a dreamer and fantasist, he anticipated Marx in many of his ideas: the theory of poverty and exploitation and their relation to the means of production can already be found with him, and the Marxist concept of the "all-round man" is an idea on which Fourier elaborately worked and which is the most important result of his "harmonie". Fourier was "emphatically a serious social thinker who contributed much of permanent value, not only to socialist and co-operative ideas, but also to the solution of the entire problem of work and of the incentives and human relations connected with it" (cf. Kolakowsky, History of Marxism; Quack, de Socialisten, and G. D. H. Cole, A History of Socialist Thought). Numerous Fourierist communities were established, chiefly in the United States, where the way had been prepared by Robert Owen. Fourierism was introduced to the U.S. by Albert Brisbane, whose "Social Destiny of Man" appeared in 1840. Brisbane had studied in France under Fourier in 1834. In 1842 the New York Tribune, then edited by Horace Greeley, placed at his disposal a column in which for over a year he popularized Fourier's doctrines. - Contains, bound before the title page, the leaf "Instructions pour le Vendeur et l'Acheteur", and on the last page the "Appendice aux Conclusions" as well as two inserted quires, the first, B8-E8, containing "Banques Rurales", the second, B1398-1398E, "Carton à placer entre 1398 et 1399. Antienne du chap. III. La 4e phase de civilisation, I, 159". Extremely rare in this complete state, conforming with the details given by Del Bo. Bound in the "Sommaire" is an autograph letter signed by Charles Fourier, dated 9 Oct. 1836, written on paper of "La Réforme Industrielle ou Le Phalanstère" (2 pp. on bifolium with integral address panel, to Madame Caroline Thibaut, rue St. Victor, no. 76 in Paris). Fourier writes about his having met a lady friend of the recipient's: "[...] est une jolie femme, je m'en suis fort bien aperçu, et si j'avais eu 30 ans de moins je lui aurais dit ce que j'en pensais; mais j'ai trop à redouter que de pareils aveux ne soient indifferens à qui en serait l'objet [...]".
¶ I: Del Bo 5. Kress C.864. Goldsmiths 23694. Einaudi 1960 (both works). - II: Del Bo 6. Kress C.1060. Goldsmiths 23997.

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Owned by German noble women through at least three generations - a masterpiece of the German Renaissance
928

[Fürstenberg Book of Hours]. The prayer book of Anna Maria Countess of... Fürstenberg, German manuscript on vellum, illuminated by an Augsburg Master. Probably Augsburg, 1526. Probably Augsburg, 1526. Small 8vo (88 x 126 mm). 160 folios. German manuscript on vellum, Bastarda in black ink, rubricated in red, initials in red and blue. Leaves 82 x 118 mm, writtenspace ca 50 x 80 mm. With 11 miniatures by a master "KW" (probably a member of the workshop of Nikolaus Bertschi), 23 borders, and 14 decorative initials. Leather binding, ca 1860, covers stamped in gilt and blind, leading edges gilt, giltstamped spine title.

EUR 95,000.00

Splendidly illuminated prayer book owned by noble women for several generations; a masterpiece of the Augsburg school of early Renaissance book illustration, containing eleven full-page miniatures of uncommon quality. A fine example of a time of theological change in Southern Germany, the seven-part volume comprises Marian devotions as well as Oecolampadius's German mass ("zu Hayl allen Evangelischen"), liturgical prayers and specimens of the 'ars moriendi': "Die sibenn Zeytt von unser lieben Frauen" (2r), "Die anderthalb hundert Verß die der Herr Jhesus an dem Stam des heiligen Crutz gesprochen hatt" (87r), "Das Testament Jhesu Christi: das man byßher genent hat die Meß vertutscht durch Johannem Oecolampadion" (106r; printed in 1523: cf. Staehelin 85ff.), "Ein schöns Gebet wie der Mensch im selbs ein Testament und ein löblich Gemecht bey seiner Vermüglichait zwischen Gott und im machen soll, so stirbt er desto sicherer" (127r, with invocations of the Saints on 133v-134r, including St Uncumber), "Das Gebet soltu anheben zu sprechen wan d' Briester das Sanctus spricht" (147r), "Ain gutter Segen für aines yeden Menschen guten unnd getruwen gemahet zebitten" (149r), and "Ein offne Peicht und Protestation das ein Mensch cristenlich beger zu leben und zu sterben" (153r). From the beginning the prayer book was intended for a noble lady: a miniature on fol. 152v shows a portrait of the kneeling sponsor of the book with a banner "Exaudi queso [...] domine supplicum preces [...]", and another on fol. 126v shows two women kneeling in prayer before an epiphany of Christ, including the sponsor with the banner "Miserere deu[s] anime famuli tue et". The other miniatures show the Annunciation (1v), Nativity (35r), Annunciation to the Shepherds (42v), Adoration (47r), Circumcision (51r), Flight into Egypt (55r), Coronation of the Virgin (63v), and the Crucifixion (86v). The vivid and highly detailed, realistic borders show cherubs as well as hunting motifs: stags, deer, a leopard, hare, hedgehog, fox, weasel, dogs, birds (storks, geese, ducks, partridges, peacocks and numerous smaller fowl), butterflys and flowers of all kind, revealing the strong influence of contemporary Flemish book art, frequently encountered in the Augsburg art of the early 16th century, such as in the work of the Petrarch Master. The initials "KW" are on the deer's white hindquarters in the border of fol. 42r; the date is written on the door lintel in the Adoration miniature. - Provenance: the prayer book was passed on from mother to daughter throughout at least three generations, thus always remaining in the possession of noble women: Anna Maria countess Fürstenberg (1562-1611) married Christoph of Waldburg zu Trauchburg (1551-1612) in 1577; her ownership is written on fol. 86r: "Anna Maria Erbtruchsessin Freifrau Walpurg. G. G. zu Fürstenberg" (dated 1594). Her daughter Walburga Eusebia von Waldburg zu Trauchburg (1595-1671) entered her ownership on 17 April 1620, together with her husband Johann Wilhelm count Königsegg zu Aulendorf (d. 1663), on fol. 152r. In 1647 the book was then passed on to her daughter Maria Anna Eusebia Baroness Königsegg zu Aulendorf (1627-56), who in 1655 married Johann VI count Montfort (her autograph, dated ownership is at the bottom of the same page). In 1855 the volume was auctioned by Weigel in Leipzig ("Verzeichnis der Bibliotheken des Herrn Kränner in Regensburg", lot no. 25b); in 1890 it was in the library of the Prussian army physician Dr. Laeuterer (cf. his handwritten ownership on fol. 125v). In November 1975 it was offered for auction at Hartung & Karl's sale 14 in Munich (lot no. 9) but remained unsold. It was described in Ulrich Merkl's 1999 monograph on Bavarian book illustration during the first half of the 16th century, citing it as privately owned (pictured on p. 214). - Some traces of use, variously stained throughout with occasional slight abrasions (a few miniatures rubbed more strongly than others, but altogether very well preserved). Trimmed during re-binding in the 19th century, though preserving comparatively wide margins and only closely trimming a few borders near the upper edge. The binding in the Romantic style is very lightly rubbed at three extremeties.
¶ U. Merkl, Buchmalerei in Bayern in der ersten Hälfte des 16. Jahrhunderts. Spätblüte und Endzeit einer Gattung, Regensburg 1999, p. 298f. (no. 18). R. Cermann, in: Handschriftencensus. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der handschriftlichen Überlieferung deutschsprachiger Texte des Mittelalters (wiedergefunden.handschriftencensus.de/23535).

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929

Fuß, N[icolas]. Entwurf einer allgemeinen Leihe-Bank wo nicht nur Kapitalien... zu gewissen Zinsen sowol ausgelehnt als angenommen, sondern auch zugleich andere verschiedene Anstalten als Leibrenten, Sterbe- und Wittwen-Kassen damit verbunden werden können. St. Petersburg, gedruckt bey der Kayserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1776. St. Petersburg, gedruckt bey der Kayserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1776. 4to. 154 pp. With folding table after p. 130. 19th century blue boards with cloth spine and handwritten label.

EUR 4,500.00

First and only edition. A project for a loan-office, based upon the principles of probability developed by Leonhard Euler. Published simultaneously in French as "Eclaircissemens sur les etablissements publics en faveur tant des veuves que des morts", for which - according to his present preface - Fuß had done the calculations. Fuß was a Swiss mathematician who, recommended by Daniel Bernoulli, moved to Russia to become Euler's assistant and in 1800 secretary of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. As from page 83: "Analytischer Anhang die Auflösung der in obigem Entwurf einer allgemeinen Leihe-Bank vorkommenden Aufgaben enthaltend". - Removed from the Tbilisi Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory with their cancelled lithographic bookplate to the inside front cover; Georgian stamp to first free endpaper and to page 17.
¶ Humpert 6798. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.

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Luxury dedication copy from the library of Archduchess Sophie
930

Gironi, Robustiano. Toletta delle dame greche e private costumanze dei... greci sì antichi che moderni. Saggio. Milan, Giulio Ferrario, 1825. Milan, Giulio Ferrario, 1825. Folio. (6), 133, (3) pp. With 19 (including frontispiece; 1 double-page-sized) coloured aquatints by or after Albrisetti, Bonatti, Bramati, Bottigelli, Bussi, Fumagalli, Gallina, Palagi, Raineri, and Sanquirico. Contemporary ruby-red morocco, elaborately gilt with giltstamped arms to both covers. Green moirée silk endpapers.

EUR 48,000.00

Of all of Gironi's publications, all of which are of a similar nature, this present work on ladies' ablutions and private habits in Greek antiquity as well as in modern Greece would appear to be the rarest. Illlustrated with particular care and printed in no more than eighty copies, it is dedicated to the 20-year-old Archduchess of Austria, Sophie (1805-72), daughter of the Bavarian King Maximilian I Joseph, later aunt and mother-in-law to Empress Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi"). Our copy is that from the library of the Archduchess herself, printed on strong, very wide-margined wove paper and sumptuously bound. Slight foxing to endpapers and edges, otherwise in perfect condition. Sophie's monogram (her entwined, crowned initials) stamped to reverse of title.
¶ Not in British Library, Atabey, Blackmer, Brunet, Cicognara, Colas, Graesse, Hiler, Lipperheide, or Rothschild.

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