Arabian Horses in Cuba
1

[Arabian Horse Breeding]. Collection of 19 original photographs. [Prob. Cuba, 1920s]. [Prob. Cuba, 1920s]. Gelatin silver prints (vintage). Approx. 87 x 142 mm.

EUR 2,500.00

Rare collection of vintage photographs showing the breeding of race horses, mostly Arabians: the sire covering the dam, surrounded by handlers; individual portraits of horses, captioned on reverse ("Jerez Arabe", "Bourbon Barrymore", "Idilio I Arabe", "Hoyo Arabe"). - Two additional images show the breeding of donkeys. Removed from an album, with traces of glue mounting on reverse. Some brownstaining; occasional nicks or slight edge damage (slight loss to left of one image).

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The Arabian horses of the Honvéd army
2

[Arabian Horses at the Hungarian National Stud]. Collection of original vintage photographs. Bábolna, c. 1885. Bábolna, c. 1885. 11 vintage photo prints (ca. 90 x 120 mm, but one 105 x 170 mm) on backing cardboard (20 x 25 cm).

EUR 9,500.00

Highly uncommon photographs of Arabian horses (all individually captioned) at the famous Bábolna stud in Hungary, the principal stud for producing the best horses for the Austro-Hungarian military in the 19th century. The "Bábolna Nemzeti Ménesbirtok" (Bábolna National Stud) was founded by Emperor Joseph II in 1789. In 1816 it was decreed that henceforth only Arabian stallions should be used for stud service - a policy that raised the quality of the Austrian cavalry's horses to a famous level and necessitated the frequent introduction of new pure-bred Arabian stallions from the Middle East. One of the greatest commanders and stud-masters of Bábolna, Mihály Fadlallah el Hedad, hailed from Syria. - The photos show portraits of the horses Sechun, Nadir, Tahita, Nasira, Celeby, Dzerid, El Hafi, El Denedzi, Hiläl, Riat, as well as a larger group portrait showing several of the horses with their Arabian and Austro-Hungarian trainers. Some slight staining to backboards, but altogether well-preserved. Extremely rare.

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3

[Bahrain]. Views of Manama. Manama, Bahrain, 1969. Manama, Bahrain, 1969. Collection of 4 press photos, c. 130 x 180 mm each.

EUR 150.00

The Government building, palace, two minarets, and a downtown street scene. Hungarian press captions on reverse.

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4

[Bahrein]. HH Sheikh Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa with... three other sheikhs. Gulf region, 1920s. Gulf region, 1920s. Black and white photograph (gelatin silver print, 80 x 70 mm) mounted on brown cardboard (90 x 85 mm). Captioned in white ink.

EUR 4,500.00

HH Sheikh Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa, KCIE, CSI (1872-1942) was the King (Hakim) of Bahrain from 1923 until his death. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, his palace in Al-Sakhir was a centre where both Gulf Sheikhs and British nobility and political figureheads were regularly invited to dine and discuss foreign policy of the region. The photograph shows the monarch in a deck chair on a ship in the company of noble retainers. The caption reads "Sheikh Hamad. Ruler of group of Islands Persian Gulf". - A well-preserved, glossy print in good contrast.

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5

[Bahrein - Falconry]. Original press photo (vintage). Bahrein, 1973. Bahrein, 1973. 294 x 203 mm.

EUR 450.00

Captioned on the reverse: "Royal Falcons. Falcons belonging to the Amir of Nahrein perch on royal falconers' wrists at a racetrack near Rifaa al Gharbi. Between races pigeons and doves are released for the falcons to hunt down in a swift and violent chase over the heads of the crowd." - Slight wrinkling to edges, but well preserved.

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6

[Bedouins]. Sheikh el Rachid, Chief of the Escorts and... greatest Bedouin of Palestine. Washington, DC, J. F. Jarvis, 1900. Washington, DC, J. F. Jarvis, 1900. 2 stereoscopic images, c. 80 x 80 mm each, mounted on cardboard (177 x 88 mm) with printed captions.

EUR 950.00

The portrait shows the seventy-odd-year-old Sheikh, wearing numerous medals on his burnous, before a door. Significantly superior specimen compared to the only other known set, that in the Keystone-Mast Collection of stereoscopic views in the California Museum of Photography.

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An Austrian expedition to Yemen
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[Bublay, Ferdinand]. Aden harbor. Aden, 12. X. 1893. Aden, 12. X. 1893. Photograph panorama, taken from the Austrian corvette "Fasana". Two conjoined albumen prints on backing cardboard, with Bublay's autogr. caption. 490 x 180 mm.

EUR 2,000.00

Impressive view, photographed near the beginning of the two-year expedition of the Austrian "Fasana", in which the later Rear Admiral Bublay participated as ensign. This Austrian circumnavigation of the world, begun in Pola on Sept. 1, 1893, was completed in March 1895. - Includes a group photograph of the "Fasana" officers during a "Picknik im Middle-Harbour (Sydney) 9./5. 1894" (Bublay's caption).

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8

[Hajj - photographs]. Collection of 11 photographs. Hejaz, Addis Abeba, 1937-1965 and no date. Hejaz, Addis Abeba, 1937-1965 and no date. 11 black and white photographs (gelatin silver prints, 50 x 69 to 180 x 230 mm).

EUR 3,500.00

Photographs of the Mahmal on its way to Mecca, pilgrims performing the hajj, the Holy Kaaba, a scene of dhabiha, etc. Among the pilgrims pictured is among them Rajah Sayyid Harrun Putra ibni Sayyid Hassan Jamalullail, ruler of Malaysia, with the Emir of Mecca, Machaal ibn Abdulaziz, brother of H.R.H. King Faisal.

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9

[Ibn Saud]. Original vintage photograph. Hejaz, 1927. Hejaz, 1927. 13 x 18 cm. Original nitrate silver print.

EUR 8,500.00

HRH King Abdulaziz ibn Sa'ud standing before his tent with Sir Gilbert Clayton and George Habib Antonius during one of their pivotal meetings at which they negotiated the Treaty of Jeddah, in which the UK recognized the Ibn Saud's sovereignty over Hejaz and Nejd. Clayton had been Chief of Arab Bureau over T. E. Lawrence when he helped facilitate the beginning of the Arab Revolt. Lawrence praises Clayton in his "Seven Pillars of Wisdom" (1935): "Clayton made the perfect leader for such a band as we were." In the centre of the photograph is King Abdulaziz, the first monarch of Saudi Arabia and father of the Sa'ud dynasty. He bagn his conquests by retaking his family's ancestral homeland of Riyadh in 1902. In 1925 he took Hejaz and in 1932 would unite all his dominions into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In 1925 and 1927 Clayton made important voyages to Jeddah to meet with King Abdulaziz over the future of the Arabian Peninsula. These conferences culminated in the pivotal 1927 Treaty of Jeddah, in which the United Kingdom recognized the King's sovereignty over Hejaz and Nejd, and in return Abdulaziz would hold back his forces from attacking the neighboring British protectorates. As recently revealed by the release of British Intelligence documents, the two continued to have secret meetings in 1928 to settle the borders of present-day Iraq with the emerging Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The records of these meetings, mostly typescripts and carbon copies, sold at Sotheby's in 2010 for more than $500,000. Photographic records of these critical and closely guarded negotiations are extremely rare; the only other one known is in the personal collection of the Antonius family. Even the Sotheby's archive included only photographs and slides of Clayton's funeral, and none of his meetings with Ibn Saud. - With French press caption printed on the reverse ("photo Meurisse - mention obligatoire").

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In Khabari Wadha with Ibn Saud: the formation of the Kingdom in mostly unpublished photos
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Mackay, Ulrich Sinclair Peter, RAF pilot (1904-1945). Two photo albums of private and operational (restricted)... photos of campaigns over the Gulf region and Iraq. Mainly Middle East, 1928-1931. Mainly Middle East, 1928-1931. Oblong 4to. 2 vols., together with Mackay's RAF Pilot Flying Log Book and his RAF Certificate. Contemporary sheepskin and cloth covered boards; ca. 220 photos of Middle Eastern locations and people, including many RAF aerial reconaissance images (as well as a small number of others showing various other subjects). Photos measure ca. 5 x 8 to ca. 16 x 20 cms.

EUR 45,000.00

An unusual, copious collection of rare original photos, assembled by a British airman who happened to be in the right places at the right time, with a quick eye for telling images and uncommonly good access to restricted documentation. The owner of these albums, the New Zealand-born RAF pilot U. S. Mackay, saw service in Arabia, Iraq and the Gulf area during the late 1920s and early 1930s, at the very time when Abdulaziz Ibn Saud was consolidating his rule over Hejaz and Nejd and striking down the Ikhwan tribal army's insurgency and their incursions into the neighboring British protectorates Iraq and Kuwait, which threatened his rule. In 1932, Ibn Saud would succeed in uniting his territories into a single state, forming the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - Stationed with the 84B Squadron at Britain's Shaibah Air Base near Basrah, Mackay was one of the limited number of western officers well placed to witness at first hand the events leading up to the founding of the Kingdom. In his first album (whose tone is set by the opening photo on the pastedown, a large print of a Nejd riding camel), some twenty photographs - both private and rare army images - cover the arrival of the defeated Ikhwan leaders Faisal Al Dawish and Naif ibn Hithlain at the air base at Basrah after their surrender to the British on 10 January 1930 and their ensuing extradition to the King. Among this set is a fine, large group portrait of Ibn Saud with Hafiz Wahba and other retainers, together with the British officers and diplomats Hugh Biscoe, Charles Burnett and H. R. P. Dickson, taken on 22 January at the King's camp at Khabari Wadha, half-way between Basrah and Riyadh, where the captured rebels were subsequently flown to be handed over to their ruler (cf. V. Dickson, 40 Years in Kuwait, p. 80f. and plate 5; H. R. P. Dickson, Kuwait and her Neighbors, pp. 318 ff.). Several photos show the captured Shaikhs - the gaunt figure of Ibn Hithlain and the hunched one of Al Dawish, who was still labouring from the abdominal injury he had sustained at the Battle of Sabila the previous March; another shows H.M.S. Lupin in the Shatt-al-Arab, the ship where they were first detained. Numerous previously unknown photos show Ibn Saud's camp at Khabari Wadha: the royal tents, the King's luxury car, Arab retainers seated among British planes with their gyrfalcon, and Air Commodore Burnett in conversation with one of Ibn Saud's eldest sons. Another shows the "ar[r]ival of [the] Hejas Airforce", the English planes and pilots Ibn Saud had commissioned from the British government for what would be his new state. There are also photo reproductions of the pencil portraits which H. Stewart drew of the rebels at Shaibah during their surrender negotiations (cf. H. R. P. Dickson, plate opposite p. 260), as well as several of British officers. Among the many other noteworthy images in the album are street scenes in Baghdad, Basrah and other towns, British war ships in the Gulf (some identified in the captions), a flying boat over Kuwait and the Gulf, an Imperial Airways de Havilland Hercules at Shaibah, a British armoured car, Arab guides and sentries, "Two Arab Murder[er]s and Escort" before a tent, the flogging of a local overseen by British officers, and an excursion to the ruins of Baalbek in Syria, along with group photos of British squadron officers and NCOs stationed in Iraq and the Gulf during the time. Yet perhaps among the most intriguing of these albums' images are the large number of strategic aerial photographs taken either by Mackay himself or by specialist army staff on his squadron's reconnaissance flights, mostly restricted RAF imagery showing aerial views of cities (Basrah, Baghdad, the Ctesiphon Arch, Zubayr, Kut, Samarrah, Sulaymaniyah, among others), military operations ("Bombing Arab Villages Hammar Lakes" with the buildings blazing, bomb hits observed from the plane immediately above), desert fortifications and encampments (As-Sulam Fort and biplanes overflying Busaiya Fort, which had been attacked by the Ikhwan in the winter of 1927/8), etc. These aerial views - exclusively in large, well-defined prints - dominate the second album, where they are accompanied by crisp in-flight images of the various aircraft used by the British in the late 1920s and early 30s. - The collection includes Mackay's RAF Flying Log Book, documenting his ongoing flight training on various types of airplanes (ending with the entry "aircraft crashed" after "crazy flying practice" in 1931). As Mackay's RAF Certificate shows, he completed his basic flying training in 1927 with the assessment "might have done better if he had tried harder. Has done well in some subjects", though his Wing Commander thought him "an exceptionally good soldier". Mackay continued serving in the RAF as pilot and died at the end of WW2 of altitude sickness. He had been renowned for flying at extreme heights and when in charge of Spitfires refused to use pressure equipment. - A few of the loose photos have marginal tears or corner flaws, but overall are in excellent condition. An important ensemble providing first-hand views of Northern Arabia at a crucial time in its history, including rare documents of Anglo-Saudi diplomacy immediately before the founding of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the majority entirely unpublished.

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The Royal Württemberg Stud: the first Arabian stud in the West
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[Marbach Stud]. Hofacker, [Caesar Paul] von. Das Königl[ich] Württemberg[ische] Haupt- und Landgestüt.... Marbach, no printer, 1875. Marbach, no printer, 1875. 24 vintage photographs (albumen prints) by Ch. Schmid, Reutlingen, mounted on cardboard with printed captions (c. 487 x 320 mm; images c. 270 x 210 mm to 190 x 137 mm). With 4 pp of letterpress text (folio, green papered spine). In custom-made green half morocco solander.

EUR 35,000.00

Fine set of original photographs showing the Royal Wuerttemberg Stud in Marbach and its famous horses. Owned by Wilhelm, King of Württemberg, Marbach was the first Arabian stud in Europe. From 1852 to 1871 it was directed by Baron Julius von Hügel, who purchased valuable stock from the Egyptian stud of Abbas Pasha, "thus raising it to the highest standard of excellence" (W. R. Brown, The Horse of the Desert, p. 161/166). Hügel was succeeded by Cäsar Paul von Hofacker (1831-96), who issued the present photo series and also composed the accompanying text: the latter discusses the history of the Stud and its horses, including the stallion Sanspareil, son of the Arabian Bajan and bred in 1816; in 1860 another pure-bred Arabian was acquired from the Wuerttemberg Weil Stud. Among the photoportraits are the pure-bred Arabian Zarif, his daughter Zinka, and the stallion Shah. Well-preserved.

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Photographs taken by the author between 1905 and 1915
12

Moritz, Bernhard. Bilder aus Palästina, Nord-Arabien und dem Sinai. 100... Bilder nach Photographien mit erläuterndem Text. Berlin, Reimer, 1916. Berlin, Reimer, 1916. Oblong folio. 106 illustrations on 50 plates, each with separate title, in various sizes. With text booklet (2 ff., 16 pp.). Original half cloth portfolio.

EUR 40,000.00

Rare photographic work documenting important cities and parts of the countryside in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. Most of the photos were taken by the author during his travels between 1905 and 1915. The images of northern Hejaz, Mecca, and Medina, which Moritz was unable to visit, were taken by Turkish friends. The images also show the construction of the Hejaz Railway between Damascus and the holy sites of Mecca and Medina, as well as views of Medina, Mecca, Jeddah, Petra, and Jerusalem. - Plates and text are well preserved; portfolio shows slight traces of repairs.

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The original edition of one of the most important photo books: the horse in motion, pictured for the first time in history
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Muybridge, Eadward. Animal Locomotion. An Electro-Photographic Investigation of Consecutive Phases... of Animal Movements. 1872-1885. Author's Edition. Philadelphia, published under the Auspices of the University of Pennsylvania, plates printed by the Photo-Gravure Company, 1887. Philadelphia, published under the Auspices of the University of Pennsylvania, plates printed by the Photo-Gravure Company, 1887. Large folio. Half morocco, retaining the original cloth covers and gilt cover label. 11 (instead of 21) plates.

EUR 40,000.00

Author's Edition. Landmark collection of Muybridge's revolutionary "instantaneous photography", a self-developed technique that allowed for high-precision series of high shutter speed stop-motion photographs. He began his work with photographing horses, but in time it would also include athletes, birds, lions, and even camels. Muybridge first photographed a horse with all 4 hooves off the ground in 1872, after Leland Stanford (later the Governor of California) hired Muybridge to determine whether a horse leaves the ground completely when running, a hotly debated issue at the time. (Stanford believed they did, and Muybridge won Stanford a $25,000 bet.) By 1885, Muybridge had accumulated over 20,000 photographic negatives, or 781 sequential series of photo-plates, shot from multiple cameras at carefully planned locations and angles, each of which showed a human and/or animal engaged in a continuous motion. This required Muybridge to develop cameras for faster shutter closure. In cases where a human or animal moved any great distance, photographing the movement required a team of photographers, rather than a single photographer. Muybridge and H. Allen, a physiology professor at the University of Pennsylvania, published 37 eleven-volume sets which contained a collotype of every one of the 781 photographic series. This "Author's Edition" consists of a selection of the most important collotypes contained in the full work; the present set includes all the plates to show animals: No. 565. Horse trotting. - 616. Horse and rider, trotting more rapidly. - 626. A third horse and rider, running, including several frames with all 4 hooves off the ground. - 647. A horse jumping a hurdle at high speed, with a bareback jockey. - 659. Mule jumping and kicking with his hind limbs. - 710. Race hound at high speed, including frames with all 4 feet off the ground. - 721. Lion circling along the wall of a small enclosure. - 739. Camel walking. - 755. Bird flying, including swoops down. - 3. Runner. - 152. Runner jumping a hurdle. - The combined illustrated area of any given plate varies, but is typically about 21 x 30 cms. Muybridge had focused his early photographic work on San Francisco and Yosemite, but had later been sent by the Federal Government to photograph Alaska for the High Sierra Survey. (The latter project was in 1868, shortly after the territory was purchased. He was later sent on a second trip to Alaska to photograph the Tlingit tribe and the Modoc War.) During his time as a photographer, Muybridge owned a racetrack. Late in life, he invented the zoopraxiscope, a primitive forerunner of the motion picture camera. Analyses made possible by the technique later had a wide range of implications for sports, podiatry, physical therapy, vertebrate paleontology, and other fields. - Pastedowns and spine renewed, otherwise an excellent, clean copy in the original boards.
¶ Grolier, Truthful Lens, 123. Parr/Badger, The Photobook I, 52.

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The first photographic book to appear on the Nejd
14

[Philby, Harry St John Bridger]. Iraq in War Time. Al-Iraq fi zaman al-harb. Basrah, Government Press, [1918]. Basrah, Government Press, [1918]. Folio (257 x 344 mm). (104) pp. More than 200 photo prints. Original giltstamped green cloth.

EUR 8,500.00

Intriguing photo publication of both Iraq and Central Arabia during the Great War, brought out by St John Philby at the end of the year 1918, after he had served with the British administration in Baghdad from 1915 to 1917 and then travelled through the interior of the Arabian peninsula as head of a mission to Ibn Saud. Philby completed a great tour of the Nejd in nine months, covering some 4000 kilometres. "Over 600 photographs were taken, some of which were later published in 1918 in 'Iraq in War Time', the first photographic book to appear on Najd" (Badr El-Hage, p. 95f.). The book, captioned throughout in English and Arabic (in which Philby was fluent) is divided into four sections: "Groups and Portraits" (43 illustrations); "Local Events" (55 illustrations); "Views" (112 illustrations, including "In Basrah City", "Amarah", "Nasiriyah", "Baghdad", "Najaf", "Mosul", "Suq al Shuyukh", "In Persia"), and "A Tour through Central Arabia" (24 illustrations). Among these are numerous equestrian images ("The best Arab horse 'Winchester' owned by Fahud el Nasar", "Well-known Basrah Race Horses", "Arabs competing for a prize offered for the best Arab mare", "Judging the Arab mares", "Winner of the Prize for Arab Mares" etc.), and the portrait section contains a veritable gallery of the sheikhs and political officers of the Arabian scene during the Great War. The tour of the Nejd shows fascinating images of Jeddah, Nafudh, Sakha, Madhiq, Riyadh, Al-Hafar, Saqtah Gorge, the Shamsiyah Garden, etc., as well as Arab chiefs and a group portrait with the anonymous tourist Philby himself, surrounded by his Bedouin escort. "Although Philby was an amateur photographer, and the quality of his photographs fails at times to be up to standard, his achievements were remarkable, and his photographs documented many towns and villages for the first time" (Badr El-Hage, p. 114). - Near-indecipherable ownership inscription, possibly that of the Sheikh of Muhammerah, Khaz’al bin Jabir bin Merdaw al-Ka’bi (1863-1936), to the verso of the rear free endpaper. A photograph of the Sheikh appears in Part II. A few small scuffs and stains, corners bumped. A good copy of this rare and important work usually encountered only in poor condition.
¶ Badr El-Hage, Saudi Arabia: Caught in Time, 1861-1939, p. 95. Imperial War Museum 29(567)/3-5. OCLC 757755425. Not in Macro or Wilson.

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5 original glass lantern slides with the earliest photographs of Mecca and Medina
15

Sadiq Bey, Muhammad / Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje / Al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Ghaffar. [5 photographic lantern slides of Mecca and Medina... (silver gelatin glass positives), taken in the years 1880 to 1889]. Stuttgart, Lichtbilderverlag Theodor Benzinger, [ca. 1910]. Stuttgart, Lichtbilderverlag Theodor Benzinger, [ca. 1910]. 5 glass positive lantern slides (85 × 100 mm), each with a black paper mask, paper tape around the edges, a letterpress slip at the foot giving the publisher's name and city, and a slip at the head with the manuscript title. Stored in a contemporary purpose-made wooden box with brass fittings, with the word "Mekka" on the top of the hinged lid.

EUR 35,000.00

Five of the earliest and best photographs of Mecca and Medina, beautifully preserved as silver gelatin glass plates, including the first photograph of the Ka'ba in Mecca's Masjid al-Haram (Great Mosque). Two of the photographs were taken by the first person to photograph Mecca and Medina, the Egyptian Colonel Muhammad Sadiq Bey (1832-1902), who made them in 1880 for the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II. The others were taken by the first European to photograph Mecca, Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, and Al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Ghaffâr, who worked closely with him. Snouck Hurgronje (1857-1936), one of the greatest pioneering Dutch Arabists, converted to Islam and lived in Mecca from January to about July 1885. The photographs by these three men are best known and most frequently reproduced from the published collotype facsimiles, while the rare surviving early albumen prints are usually faded or otherwise in bad condition. The present five plates, sold as lantern slides for magic lantern presentations, are therefore of the greatest importance as well-preserved high quality specimens of these famous photographs, providing the best early images of the mosques of Mecca and Medina. - All five slides are in very good condition, with only a bit of dust and the occasional smudge on the glass. They show: 1) The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca (the Great Mosque); 2) a closer view of the Ka'ba in Mecca; 3) the portrait of an unidentified Mu'ezzin in Mecca; 4) a portrait of an unidentified East Indian pilgrim; 5) the al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina (the Prophet's Mosque).
¶ Cf. D. v.d. Wal, Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (2011); J. J. Witkam, new introduction to the 2007 reprint of the 1931 English translation of Hurgronje, Mekka.

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His Royal Highness Saud of Saudi Arabia
16

Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1902-1969). Portrait photograph. Probably London, early 1930s. Probably London, early 1930s. Albumen print (vintage), hand-coloured and raised in gilt and opaque white. Matted (ca. 280 x 360 mm) and framed (ca. 530 x 640 mm). Signed "Lafayette" on the mat.

EUR 35,000.00

His Royal Highness Saud of Saudi Arabia, second son of and immediate successor to Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the founder of Saudi Arabia, as a young prince. A fine, splendidly hand-coloured portrait by Lafayette Studios, Photographers Royal and among the world's most prestigious studios of the early 20th century. - In immaculate condition.

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17

Saudi Arabia and United States diplomacy. A collection of 50 photographs of King Saud's... visit to the United States, together with an original Issue of "Time" magazine featuring the King (January 1957). [New York and Washington DC, January-February 1957]. [New York and Washington DC, January-February 1957]. 50 press and wire photographs (average 180 x 230 mm, or the reverse), most stamped on the reverse, and with captions. Together with an original copy of "Time" magazine for 28 January 1957 with King Saud on the cover.

EUR 7,500.00

King Saud of Saudi Arabia made an historic state visit to the United States of America during January and February 1957 at the invitation of President Eisenhower, whom he met in Washington DC. King Saud also addressed the United Nations in New York. A key objective was to discuss ways forward following the Suez crisis. The king brought his son Prince Mashur, who received treatment from Eisenhower's own surgeon and whose presence was much covered in the U.S. media. On his return, King Saud visited Cairo with the task of explaining the "Eisenhower doctrine" to an informal summit of Arab leaders.

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The photo album of an Aramco pioneer
18

[Saudi Arabia]. - Aramco. Original photographs from the estate of Lester M.... Snyder (1905-2000), vice president and member of the board of Aramco. Saudi Arabia, 1950-1960s. Saudi Arabia, 1950-1960s. An album of 66 black-and-white photographs (gelatin silver prints), measurements between 7.6 x 7.6 cm and 35 x 28 cm. Includes additional memorabilia.

EUR 15,000.00

Unique photo album from the estate of Aramco pioneer Les Synder, memorializing his more than three decades with Aramco and Socal upon his retirement in 1963. The photographs focus on his final decade in Dharan, including images of HRH King Abdulaziz and HRH King Saud, desert scenes, Badawin life, falconry, but also life at the Aramco compound at Dhahran, impressive aerial shots as well as details of the oil wells and the city, the Ras Tanura oil terminal, and even a few images of Mekka and the Kaaba. Four pages of signatures by Aramco team members bear witness to the high regard in which Snyder was held by his colleagues and employees, as do the included letters, telegrams and miscellaneous items regarding his farewell. A special "Sun and Flare" edition (June 1963), also included, honours Snyder and his wife Betty for their lifelong service and dedication to Aramco. - During his nearly three decades in Saudi Arabia, Snyder played a key role in the development of the kingdom's vast oil reserves. He joined Standard Oil of California as early as 1931 and transferred to the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc, later Aramco) in 1939, arriving in Dhahran in April, only a year after the discovery of what soon would be recognized as the largest source of crude oil in the world. He was present on May 1st when the tanker "D. G. Scofield" took on the first shipment of Saudi Arab oil ever to be loaded at Ras Tanura, an event also attended by HRH King Adulaziz. Snyder returned to San Francisco in 1943 to work on plans for the Ras Tanura refinery, but was back in Dhahran in 1952 when the site was made Aramco's executive headquarters, soon rising to the position of vice president and general manager for Operations. - A fine collection of photographs in excellent tonal quality throughout, wonderfully preserved in a somewhat worn album.

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19

[Saudi Arabia - Camels]. Collection of 17 photographs of camels. Saudi Arabia, 1960s. Saudi Arabia, 1960s. Spiral-bound album with 6 large and 11 smaller photographs (1 image included in a duplicate print).

EUR 3,500.00

The present album of black-and-white photographs, all taken by G. F. Larsen, later Vice President of General Services at Aramco, shows camels in the Arabian desert and the locals whom they accompany. - Occasional slight staining; well-preserved in general.

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20

[Saudi Arabia]. - Dhahran. Original photographs from the estate of Frank E.... Patterson III, former coordinator, Home Ownership and Community Development. Dhahran, early 1960s. Dhahran, early 1960s. 46 black-and-white photographs (gelatin silver prints), including 36 negatives. Measurements between 10 x 7 cm and 14 x 9 cm.

EUR 5,000.00

The present collection comprises a variety of photographs depicting official and private moments in Dhahran, including geological measurings, convoys, family life, and young Arabians at the beach. - After graduating from Harvard, Frank E. Patterson spent his early career in landscape architecture and land planning operations in the U.S. After WWII he joined the Ministry of Public Works in Kabul, Afghanistan, where he served nearly four years as Royal City Planning Architect-Engineer, followed by some years as consultant in housing and town planning for the U.S. State Department's Point IV Program in Beirut. His first office with Aramco, which he joined in 1958, was "Dhahran District superintendent of Home Ownership and Community Development. In 1960 he was named coordinator of that function and in that capacity represented Saudi Arabia at the first International Seminar on Town Planning in the Arab World, held in Cairo" (Sun and Flare, October 29, 1969, p. [7]; clipping included). The lengthy list of local community developments in which he played a major role includes "major expansions for Dhahran, Abaqiq, and Ras Tanura, the preparation of master town plans that have served to guide the physical development of Dammam, al-Khobar, Saihat, Qatif, Safwa, Madinat Abqaiq, Rakha and Rahimah, site selections and layout for Safaniya GOSP and camp and 'Udhailiyah and the installation of public water and sewer systems in Dammam and al-Khobar" (ibid.).

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Extremely rare: 20 original photographs of Mekka by the "earliest Arabian photographer"
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Snouck Hurgronje, Christian. Bilder aus Mekka. Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1889. Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1889. Folio (282 x 372 mm). 20 collotype prints mounted on 18 sheets loose in red gilt cloth portfolio as issued, complete with the oft-lacking half-title, list of plates, title and preface.

EUR 135,000.00

One of the earliest photographic documents of Mecca and the Hajj, preceded only by the photographs of Muhammed Sadiq Bey published in 1881 (Sotheby's, 4 June 1998: £1,250,000). Much rarer than the author's similarly titled "Bilder-Atlas zu Mekka", a portfolio of lithographs to accompany the "Mekka" books which Snouck had published after his return from the Arabian Peninsula. "Following the publication of 'Bilder-Atlas zu Mekka', Hurgronje received a letter from his doctor in Makkah, whom he had taught the art of photography. The letter contained new photographs of the hajj which were of such great interest that he decided in 1889 to publish his 'Bilder aus Mekka' [...] The photographs provide an insight into the world of Makkah's inhabitants, pilgrims from all over the Islamic world, in addition to the sharif of Makkah, the Turkish governor, and various religious and secular figures" (Badr el-Hage, p. 46f.). "In 1981 F. H. S. Allen and C. Gavin first identified the earliest Arabian photographer by deciphering his elaborately calligraphed signatures, which without exception had been erased from the plates reproduced by Snouck Hurgronje: 'Futugrafiyat al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Ghaffar, tabib Makka' (The Photography of the Sayyid Abd al-Ghaffar, physican of Mecca). This princely eye surgeon had been host to the young Snouck in Mecca immediately after the Dutchman's conversion to Islam. Snouck claimed to have taught his host how to use a camera and attributes to him (without ever mentioning his name) the pictures reproduced in 'Bilder aus Mekka'". - The first four leaves of letterpress material have been reinforced along the left edge. Prints and their mounts in excellent condition, crisp with very slight toning. Cloth portfolio a little faded; spine repaired, with 1914 De Belder bookplate on pastedown. Very rare: only two copies at auctions internationally during the past decades (the last, at Sotheby's in 2006, was incomplete, lacking all the text leaves).
¶ Macro 1233. Badr el-Hage. Saudi Arabia Caught in Time. Reading, 1997. F. E. Peters. The Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca and the Holy Place. Princeton University Press 1996.

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The earliest photographic documents of the city of Mecca, its dignitaries and its pilgrims
22

Snouck Hurgronje, Christian. Mekka. (And:) Bilder-Atlas zu Mekka. Haag, Nijhoff, 1888-1889. Haag, Nijhoff, 1888-1889. 2 vols. of text (4to) and one volume of plates (folio, 284 x 378 mm). Text: XXIII, (1), 228, (2) pp. With 3 genealogical tables and 2 folding maps. XVIII, 397, (1) pp. Half calf with gilt-stamped morocco label to spine. Atlas: 4 chromolithogr. plates (conjoined as 2), 6 (1 double-sized) toned lithogr. plates, and 65 mounted photographs on a total of 40 plates; 1 letterpress leaf of contents. Cloth portfolio with gilt cover title.

EUR 45,000.00

Remarkable set, rarely encountered complete with the plates volume. The Dutch orientalist Snouck spent a year in Mecca and Jeddah during 1884/85 and was married to a Mecca woman. He was the first non-Muslim to visit the city outside the annual pilgrimage. The photographs, taken by himself and an Arabic physician, are among the earliest to show Mecca and its pilgrims. - Very nicely rebound, in matching period style portfolio and half calf. An unusually crisp and clean copy throughout: text volumes spotless; the plates with the vintage photographs, much sought after as the earliest photographic documents of the city, its dignitaries and its pilgrims, are backed on thin linen and preserved in perfect condition.
¶ Macro 1239 (omitting mention of the Atlas). Henze V, 177. Dinse 443.

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Investigation into the sanitary and health measures during the Hajj in the late 19th century, with 19 photographs of Mekka, Medina, Jeddah, and more
23

Soubhy, Saleh. Pèlerinage à la Mecque et à Médine. Précédé... d'un aperçu sur l'islamisme et suivi de considérations générales au point de vue sanitaire et d'un appendice sur la circoncision. Cairo, Imprimerie Nationale, 1894. Cairo, Imprimerie Nationale, 1894. 8vo. With 19 plates with reproductions of photographs. Modern green cloth.

EUR 5,000.00

First and only edition of a report on the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina written by the Egyptian doctor Saleh Soubhy. Soubhy worked as a health inspector at Cairo, and was appointed by khedive Abbas Hilmi II (1874-1944) to investigate the sanitary conditions of the Egyptian pilgrimage caravan to Mecca and Medina. Soubhy travelled to the Hijaz in 1888 and 1892, and published his experiences in the present work. "The French-educated doctor, Soubhy, wrote for a foreign audience in order to show both the sanctity and orderliness of the Hajj, regulated by quarantines and public health measures through which a great number of pilgrims flowed" (Sheehi). With this work, "a carefully composed defense of Islam" (Marmon), Soubhy also tried to portray Islam is as an acceptable religion to his European colleagues. The book also includes some important early photographs of Mecca and Medina, taken by Muhammad Sadiq Bey (1832-1902), the first to photograph the holy cities, and al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Ghaffar (active 1880's). - With a bookplate on paste-down. Upper outer corner of half-title restored, tiny piece of the same corner torn off from the title-page, browned throughout, half-title smudged, and a few plates slightly thumbed, otherwise in good condition.
¶ S. Marmon, Eunuchs and sacred boundaries in Islamic society, p. 103. S. Sheehi, The Arab imago: a social history of portrait photography, 1860-1910, p. 166f.

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Arabians of Lawrence
24

Stirling, Walter Francis. Arab Types. Album of Arabian portrait photographs. Syria, c. 1918. Syria, c. 1918. 8vo. 15 black and white photographs captioned in white, plus one repeat in a smaller print. Original board album, acquired from "M. Arthur, Beyrouth". Paper label to upper cover: "Arab Types. Syria".

EUR 35,000.00

Small but fascinating collection of portrait photographs showing Arabian nobles as well as commoners, all captioned and the subject often identified by name and tribe. The photos, many of which are executed as highly expressive profile studies, were taken and assembled by Lt. Col. Walter Francis Stirling (1880-1958), Chief of Staff to T. E. Lawrence. While the present photographs were taken during his time with Lawrence, whom Stirling revered, it is not his British comrades but rather the striking features of the sheikhs and bedouins on which this collection is focused. Among the images are "Sheik Gawaileh of Nejd, one of Lawrence's Bodyguard", and "Sheikh Hamondi, Friend of Lawrence"; others are more ominously identified as "Yezidi Shepherd, Devil worshipper" or "Bad type of Hadadiyim Tribesman". Of many noble tribesmen here depicted, such as Fauraz ibn Sha'laan, Emir of the Ruwalla, or Sheikh Daham al-Hadi, Paramount Sheikh of the Shammar tribe, these probably constitute the only photographic record. - Stirling was trained at Sandhurst and served in the Transvaal operation during the Boer War before being seconded to the Egyptian Army in 1906. He spent five years patrolling with an Arab battalion on the Eritrean and Abyssinian borders. Throughout WWI he served at Gallipoli and the Palastinian campaign until he was appointed chief staff officer to Lawrence of Arabia, who called him "Stirling the imperturbable". In 1937, Stirling would reflect on his famous wartime comrade: "From then [early 1918] throughout the final phase of the Arab revolt on till the capture of Damascus, I worked, travelled, and fought alongside Lawrence [...] We sensed that we were serving with a man immeasurably our superior [...] In my considered opinion, Lawrence was the greatest genius whom England has produced in the last two centuries [...] If ever a genius, a scholar, an artist, and an imp of Shaitan were rolled into one personality, it was Lawrence." In 1919 Stirling became advisor to Emir Feisal and Deputy Political Officer in Cairo, then acting governor of Sinai and Governor of the Jaffa district in Palestine before moving to Albania in 1923 to take up a position advising and assisting in the reorganisation of the Albanian Ministry of the Interior.

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Yemen and Egypt photographs
25

[Yemen and Egypt]. Photograph album. Yemen, Egypt and other places, c. 1889. Yemen, Egypt and other places, c. 1889. An album of 25 albumen prints (vintage), measurements usually c. 200 x 270 mm, one a double-page spread, many captioned in English. Bound in contemp. giltstamped auburn full calf (378 x 280 mm; spine rebacked). All edges gilt.

EUR 4,500.00

Photographic record of a journey begun in Australia and taken, via Aden, through the Suez canal and to the Mediterranean (and then on to England). While the first image shows the steamship R.M.S. Ormuz in the port of Sydney, three images (including a double-page spread) show the port of Aden in Yemen, the famous water tanks, and a native of the Southern Arabian region in a studio portrait. The majority of the album is dedicated to Egypt, showing Arabs on their camels, the Khedive's Ismailia Palace, the Suez Canal, Port Said, and members the local population, as well as the famous pyramids. The last few photographs show the final leg of the journey: Naples, and ultimately Gibraltar. Among the studios identified in the photographs are those of Hippolyte Arnoux and the Zangaki brothers, based at Port Said. A slightly later inscription on the flyleaf identifies this album as that of Edith Elkington: "Aunt Edith's voyage home to England about 1889". - Some foxing and waterstaining, but prints largely clean.

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