Camerarius, Joachim. De Philippi Melanchthonis ortu, totius vitae curriculo et... morte, implicata rerum memorabilium temporis illius jominumque mentione atque indicio, cum expositionis serie cohaerentium. Leipzig, (Ernst Voegelin, 1566). Leipzig, (Ernst Voegelin, 1566). Large 8vo. (20), 424 (not: 423) pp., 1 bl. f., (18) pp. With woodcut printer's device on t. p. Contemp. blindstamped pigskin, monogrammed and dated "I.V.S | 1566". Wants ties.

EUR 3,500.00

First edition, first printing, of this first and most important biography of Melanchthon. Camerarius was able to consult a large amount of personal correspondence, a fact which makes this work a valuable source to this day. - Wide-margined copy, slightly browned with insignificant waterstain near upper edge. Slight worming to t. p. repaired; numerous contemp. marginalia. The appealingly blindstamped binding can be attributed to the Swabian bookbinder Wolfconrad Schwickart (cf. Goldschmidt, Gothic & Renaissance Bookbindings 227). Somewhat rubbed; modern front pastedown. From the library of Neidstein castle in in the Oberpfalz region of Bavaria.
¶ VD 16, C 502. IA 130.520. Hartfelder 624, 43. Schottenloher 15023. Ebert 3391.

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From one of the most extensive private libraries of its time, extensively annotated by a Portuguese reader

Comazzi, Giovanni Battista. Morale des Princes, Traduite de l'Italien... Première [-Quatrième]... Partie. Paris, P. G. Simon, 1754. Paris, P. G. Simon, 1754. 8vo. 4 vols in 4, bound in contemporary mottled calf. Engraved ex-libris of François-César Le Tellier, Marquis de Courtanvaux (1718-1781) on pastedown of each volume, along with his ink stamp on title-page and final leaf of each volume. Thoroughly annotated from start to finish of all four volumes in a slightly later Portuguese hand.

EUR 1,500.00

Rare first edition of this French translation of a popular didactic work, from the library of François-César Le Tellier, Marquis de Courtanvaux, better known as a collector of travel literature and sponsor of scientific voyages. Le Tellier "ne négligea ni soins ni dépenses pour compléter sa collection. Aussi était-elle regardée comme une des plus remarquables qui aient jamais existé" (Guigard, Nouvel Armorial du Bibliophile II, p. 318). Noted as #262 in Le Tellier’s sale catalogue of 1782, the present copy migrated to Portugal at some point and was there thoroughly read and annotated, almost on every page of each of the four volumes, by a reader seemingly drawing parallels between the text and the Napoleonic Wars. - OCLC shows 1 US copy, at Johns Hopkins.

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Best and most correct edition

Demosthenes / Aischines. Opera, cum utriusq[ue] autoris vita, & Ulpiani commentariis,... novisq[ue] scholiis ex quarta, eaque postrema recognitione, graecolatina [...]. Per Hieronymus Wolfium Oetingensem, utriusque linguae in Augustana Schola professorem. Basel, Herwagen, per Eusebium Episcopium, [1571-]1572. Basel, Herwagen, per Eusebium Episcopium, [1571-]1572. Large folio. 3 pts. (= 6 tomoi) in 1 vol. With woodcut printer‘s device on t. p. and last f. as well as several ornamental woodcut initials. (36), 744, (32), 368, 218, (24) pp., 1 f. Contemp. pigskin binding with ms. title to spine and blindstamped cover fillets. Remnants of clasps.

EUR 4,500.00

Beste und correcteste (Schweiger) humanist edition of the works of Demosthenes and Aischines, the greatest orators of Greek antiquity. Greek text and Latin translation (by the editor Wolf) printed parallel in two columns. "The edition of 1572 is compiled from two MSS., and a careful investigation of the ancient editions: many things are however inserted from the author's own conjecture" (Dibdin). - Various contemporary annotations (quite extensive on some pages); first and last leaves slightly water-stained in the margins; otherwise splendid copy from the library of Joseph Frh. v. Laßberg (1770-1855).
¶ VD 16, D 486. BM-STC German 239. IA 151, 340. Adams D 486. Schweiger I, 87. Hoffmann I, 510. Dibdin I, 477ff.

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Vesalius's teacher on blood vessels: heavily annotated by a 16th century medical student

Dubois (Sylvius), Jacques. In Hippocratis et Galeni physiologiae partem anatomicam isagoge [...]. Paris, Aegidius Gorbin, 1561. Paris, Aegidius Gorbin, 1561. 8vo. 76 ff. - (Bound with) II: The same. Commentarius in Claudii Galeni de ossibus ad tyrones libellum [...]. Ibid., 1561. 37, (3) ff. Contemporary limp vellum (wanting ties).

EUR 9,500.00

Two medical textbooks by the Parisian anatomist Dubois, widely used by French medical students in the mid-16th century. The present volume is heavily annotated by a contemporary owner who signs his name as "Mirard" (?) on the first title-page. The annotations are particularly extensive in the sections on blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. Dubois (1478-1555, Latinized as "Sylvius") was the first to describe venous valves, which he injected with coloured liquids (although their function was discovered only later by William Harvey), and is credited with first having given names to the various muscles, previously simply numbered. His blind reverence for the ancient physicians, especially Galen, involved him in a public controversy with his most famous student, Vesalius, who had dared to expose the errors of the Greeks. A former classicist, Dubois is also the author of the first French grammar to be published in France. - Some waterstaining near end, the final leaf showing severe paper flaws with some loss to the index. The first 50 ff. show noticeable worming to the gutter, stronger near the beginning, but mostly without loss to text. An additional handwritten ownership from Montpellier, another center of French medical learning (signed "G. B. Minet", dated 1709), at the bottom of the title page.
¶ Durling 1259 & 1236. Wellcome I, 6183 & 6184. Adams S 2181 & S 2170. OCLC 14317273 & 1025189760. Cf. BM-STC French 141. Hirsch II, 220f.

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No copy in America - annotated by a French astrology student?

Gaurico, Luca. Super Tabulis Directionum Ioannis Montegeriensis quodam Supplementum. Nec... non Tractatus Iudican di omnium Aphetarum Directiones: de quibus sigillatim neq[ue]; diffusse Claudius Ptolemaeus [...]. Rome, Vincenzo Lucchino, 1560. Rome, Vincenzo Lucchino, 1560. 4to. With hundreds of tables, woodcut diagrams, and half-page nativity charts in text; a few tables printed in red and black. Bound in contemporary limp vellum. Annotated throughout in a 16th or early 17th century French or Italian hand.

EUR 3,500.00

Very rare second edition of one of Gaurico's later works, with signs of active use by a late 16th or 17th century reader. Astronomy was properly regarded as being essential for deriving accurate figures needed for the sciences of Astrology and Prognostication; Robert Westman has argued that Copernicus not only embraced astrology but sought to defend it in his De Revolutionibus ("Copernicus and the Astrologers", Dibner Library Lecture, 2013). - Gaurico possibly knew Copernicus from their shared time as students as Padua (cf Rose); in any case, Gaurico enjoyed a formidable reputation himself as astrologer to Pope Paul III, earning himself a bishopric for his troubles. Julius Caesar Scaliger was one of his pupils at Ferrara, where Gaurico ran a school of astrology from 1531 onwards. The present work was his last opus, elaborating on earlier exemplary nativities with full directions on predicting the movements of all of the celestial bodies. A few of the annotations are in French and mention Paris, strongly suggesting the nationality of the scribe. - We have been unable to trace any copy in US libraries of either the first (1557) or second edition of this work.

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A charming Elzevier with an early Scottish provenance - annotated by a young Earl of Kinnoull?

Perez, Antonio. Institutiones Imperiales, Erotematibus distinctae, atque ex ipsis principiis... regulisque Juris, passim insertis, explicatae. Editio octava. Amsterdam, Lodovico & Daniel Elzevir, 1657. Amsterdam, Lodovico & Daniel Elzevir, 1657. 12mo. With engraved frontispiece. Bound in contemporary yapp-edged vellum with gilt-and-red title label on spine. Annotated in Latin from Preface through to the end of Book II [of IV]. Early 18th century Scottish provenance markings including "Dupplin Castle" and shelfmark on pastedown; collation note of John Wright ("Collat. & perfect") dated Dec. 23, 1723 on flyleaf; as well as draft text of a full missive reading "Dear George / this is to desire you to acompany [sic] the corpse of my deceased father a very pious man who died at two oclock w[ith]out pain or troble by w[hich] we may conclude that he lived a good & pious life , & his death was we[ll?] greeted by all."

EUR 2,500.00

Eighth edition (but the third Elzevir) of this student textbook intended to make the Justinian Institutions accessible to beginners, ostensibly to serve as a model for practical questions on everyday gentlemanly affairs from guardianship and inheritance to property, servitude, debt, business ownership, and so on. The collation note dated 1723 is known to be that of John Wright, librarian and purveyor of books to George Henry Hay, Earl of Kinnoull (1689-1758) at Dupplin Castle near Perth. - This copy has been thoroughly annotated up to p. 290 by a near-contemporary Latin hand. The annotations appear to match the hand of one of many doodlers on the endpapers, who has scribbled ‘737’ several times, perhaps referring to the year 1737. - On the content of the work, cf The Formation and Transmission of Western Legal Culture: 150 Books that Made the Law in the Age of Printing, #54 (pp 184-7); on John Wright and his librarianship, cf Steve Fergusons’ useful blog entry here: https://blogs.princeton.edu/rarebooks/2011/12/collat-perfect-per-j-wright-wh/

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The Kloss copy: with marginal notes formerly described as the handwriting of Philipp Melanchthon

Persius Flaccus, Aulus / Murmellius, Johann (ed.). Nova co[m]me[n]taria in Persium. A. Persii Flacci satyrae... co[m]plusculis, quibus scateba[n]t, mendis repurgate, cum ecphrasi et scholiis Joa[n]nis Murmellii Kuremu[n]densis. M[a]rtialis sepius in libro memoratur persius uno quam totus magna Marsus Amazonide. Cologne, Heinrich Quentel (heirs), September 1517. Cologne, Heinrich Quentel (heirs), September 1517. 4to. XL, (1) ff. (several errors in foliation, but complete, lacking only final blank). Decorated initials. 19th century boards (spine repaired).

EUR 7,500.00

First edition thus of the satires of Persius, published but a month before the death of the editor, Murmellius. The work is preceded by a short biography of Persius, taken from Petrus Crinitus. Finely printed in a small "lettre bâtarde", including some Greek type, with legenda in the margins for the comments, and the main text printed in a slightly larger type, with the lines set widely apart. Georg Kloß copy, with his bookplate on the front pastedown and the relevant catalogue clipping from his sale (described as bound with an additional work) pasted above. The Frankfurt physician Georg Franz Burkhard Kloß (1787-1854) was also a noted historian of freemasonry. His rather notorious sale was held at Sotheby's in London in 1835. This volume contains long 18th c. notations on the title-page about the rarity of this edition as well as a contemporary humanist's extensive marginalia in Latin from fol. C1v to D2r, then again on D5v and D6v (slightly trimmed at rebinding), mostly pertaining to the text, but also to the commentary. These early handwritten annotations were boldly attributed to Melanchthon by Samuel L. Sotheby in his 1835 catalogue of the Kloß library, an unsustainable notion against which the collector himself spoke out clearly (cf. G. Kloß, Ueber Melanchthons angebliche Handschriften, welche in dem Catalogue of the Library of Dr. Kloss verzeichnet sind, in: Serapeum 2 [1841], no. 24, p. 369-377). In his monumental account of Melanchthon research throughout the centuries, Wilhelm Hammer provided similarly critical reviews of Sotheby's relevant publications: "[Wimmelt] von Sach- und Druckfehlern [...] Die hier zusammengestellten 'Privatexemplare' [Melanchthons] entsprechen nicht den Tatsachen [...] Eine höchst unsinnige Veröffentlichung" ("Abounds with factual and setting errors [...] The 'private copies of Melanchthon' here assembled are not in accordance with fact [...] A deeply misguided publication", cf. Die Melanchthonforschung im Wandel der Jahrhunderte 36 [1968], pp. 96 & 110). Subsequently in the collection of Cosmo (Cosmas) Nevill, Esq. of Holt, Leicestershire, with his 19th century engraved bookplate. Nevill would have acquired the book from the Kloß sale. - Some browning and minor dampstains. Pasteboards rubbed, extremeties bumped, spine professionally restored, as is a tear in the title page. Final index leaf H3 repaired by an early owner with loss of text (colophon on verso preserved). A slight wormtrack in top margin of H1 and H2 repaired (with slight text loss to H2). Very rare; only two copies located in North America (at Ann Arbor & Columbia); none in Britain.
¶ VD 16, P 1610. Schweiger 708. Panzer VI, 377.270. Moreau/Renouard V, 254. Sotheby's, Catalogue of the Library of Dr. Kloss, of Franckfort a. M., Professor (auction catalogue, London 1835), no. 2507 (this copy: "Melancthon's copy, with marginal notes"). Not in Adams or BM-STC German.

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A rare annotated commentary on Aristotle, edited by a suspected heretic - annotated in Greek and Latin

Simplicius of Cilicia. Simplicii, omnium Aristotelis interpretum praestantissimi, in eiusdem philosophi... Categorias sive Praedicamenta, ut vocant, commentaria absolutissima [...]. Basel, Michael Isengrin, 1551. Basel, Michael Isengrin, 1551. Folio (222 x 328 mm). (6), "211" [= 111], (1) f. With woodcut printer's device on t. p. (repeated on final leaf) and woodcut diagrams in the text. 17th century full calf.

EUR 5,500.00

Rare edition of Simplicius's commentaries on the Categories of Aristotle, annotated throughout by a contemporary humanist in Greek (and occasionally in Latin). This edition was edited by Justus Velsius (Joost Welsens, ca. 1501-after 1581), a colourful and disputatious Dutch Renaissance scholar who entangled himself in controversy wherever he moved throughout western Europe, perhaps explaining the rarity of this edition. A friend of Vesalius, he had been made professor of philosophy and Greek at Cologne in 1550 but had to relinquish his post at the end of 1554 after having been accused of heresy. - The Latin annotations are mostly executed in an appealing, unusually careful humanist lettering, while those in Greek - frequently limited to a single catchword or phrase indexing the text in the margin, but sometimes running to notes of several lines - are in a fluid script replete with ligatures. - We have traced just one copy in US libraries, at U Penn.
¶ VD 16, S 6574. BM-STC German 817. Adams S 1205. Schweiger I, 288. Hoffmann III, 405. Ebert 21275. Not in Schmitt.

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The Neo-Platonist Bishop of Libya: richly annotated in Greek, French, and Latin by an 18th century scholar

Synesius of Cyrene / Petau, Denis, SJ (ed.). Hapanta ta heuriskomena. Opera quae Extant Omnia, Graecè... ac Latinè nunc primum coniunctim edita [...]. Paris, Officina Nivelliana for Sebastien Cramoisy, 1612. Paris, Officina Nivelliana for Sebastien Cramoisy, 1612. Large folio, bound in contemporary red-stained velum. Annotated throughout in an exceptionally neat, legible late 18th century hand in Greek, French, and some Latin, with a handful of loose paper inserts with additional annotations.

EUR 3,500.00

First Petau edition, with parallel Latin-Greek text, of the writings of Synesius (ca. 270-414), a neo-Platonist who became Bishop of Ptolemais in ancient Libya. A handsome production in all respects, this copy has been annotated on every single leaf by a thorough scholar unafraid to voice his own opinion ("je préfère, j'approuve", etc.) mainly interested in philology, with references to Homer and Apollonius as well as the Classicists Fréderic Morel and Petrus Wesseling, etc. - The works found here include "De Dono Astrolabii", a treatise accompanying the gift of a planisphere to a friend at Constantinople; "De Insomniis", a curious treatise on dreams and divination; "Dion", a vindication of his manner of life against stern asceticism; "Calvitii Encomium", "a facetious eulogy on baldness by a man who suffered from that complaint"; and 155 epistles and 10 hymns, "valuable because of the light which they throw on his religious and philosophical views, ... [the] writer's personality, and the picture which they give of the age in which he lived." (Catholic Encylopedia).

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A unique collection of 18th century literature on musical theory, annotated throughout

Trouflaut, Gilbert, organist and musical scholar (1726-1820). A volume of four works from his library,... all with his autograph annotations and comments, bound with correspondence to him: 2 autograph letters signed by the fellow musical scholar Pierre-Joseph Roussier (1716-1792). Paris and no place, 1764-1770 (prints) and 1773-1776 (autographs). Paris and no place, 1764-1770 (prints) and 1773-1776 (autographs). Large 4to. Comprises I: Ballière [de Laisement, Charles Louis Denis]. Théorie de la musique. Paris, Didot 1764. (2), VIII, 177, (3) pp. With folding letterpress table and 5 folding engraved plates. - II: [Le Dran, Nicolas Louis]. Sur les signes do, di, ca. Pour l'indication des accords en musique. Paris, Alexandre Le Prieur 1765. (2), 32 pp. With engr. half title, folding letterpress table, and 9 engraved plates of music. - III: Roussier, [Pierre-Joseph]. Mémoire sur la musique des anciens [...]. Paris, Lacombe 1770. (4), XXIV, 252 pp. With a folding table, and engraved plate of music, and an engraving in the text. - IV: The same. Pseaume CL. Petit motet. Paris, Gando & Fils, 1766. Title, (3) pp. Engraved notes. Later full calf, bound to style with giltstamped spine and marbled endpapers. Includes 2 autograph letters signed by Roussier: Ecouis, 5 Feb. 1773, 2 pp., and Ecouis, 17 Sept. 1776, 3 pp.; each a 4to bifolium with integral address leaf, addressed to Trouflaut.

EUR 9,500.00

A unique collection of 18th century literature on musical theory, annotated throughout by the priest Gilbert Trouflaut, canon of Nevers, including unpublished scholarly correspondence. Long the organist of the Nevers Cathedral and also employed as an expert consultant on the instrument, Trouflaut was also a noted naturalist who went botanizing with Jean-Jacques Rousseau and created the botanical garden of Nevers, where he also taught at the École centrale. Eitner (IX, 464; misspelling his name as "Trouffaut") quotes his treatise "Sur les Clavecins en peau de duffle" in the Journal de musique (1773). The works contained are individually: I) "Théorie de la musique" by C. L. Ballière de Laisement (1729-1800), a versatile scholar who knew J. J. Rousseau, d'Alembert, Diderot and Voltaire well and wrote several librettos for comic operas (cf. Eitner). "In his 'Théorie de la musique' (Paris, 1764) he developed a system based on the harmonic series of the hunting-horn; a similar system, evidently unknown to him, had been presented by G. A. Sorge in 1741. The 'Théorie' had some followers (notably Canon Jamard and Abbé Feytou) and won Rousseau's praise, but was harshly criticized by later theorists, in particular J.-B. de La Borde" (New Grove). Trouflaut's handwritten ownership (dated 1772) on title; numerous underlinings and annotations, with a scale in the margin of p. 71. - II) Principal theoretical work of the Paris musician N. L. Le Dran, "which tried to introduce a different designation for the chords in the doctrine of the figured base" (cf. Eitner). It was attacked by La Borde with the same vehemence as Ballière's theory had been. Trouflaut's handwritten ownership (dated 1772) on title; a few corrections by his hand. - III) A principal work of musical theory by the Abbé Roussier (1716-92), "self-instructed in music but inclining toward Rameau" (cf. Eitner). Here, he "also dealt with problems of musical temperament, [rejecting] contemporary systems in favour of a Pythagorean tuning" (New Grove). Presentation copy from the author with Trouflaut's note next to his ownership on the title (1772). Numerous annotations and marginalia, some quite extensive. Roussier's correspondence with Trouflaut is bound before the "Memoire". - IV) At the end, one of Roussier's two known compositions, a motet based on Psalm 150 ("Laudate Dominum in sanctis ejus"). Author's presentation copy with Trouflaut's autograph note on the title. On the verso, almost completely covered with Trouflaut's annotations, the scholar also pasted two lines of printed music from "L'art du facteur d'orgues" by Don Bedos de Celles. - Some waterstaining to margin and gutter throughout, more severely affecting the "Mémoire sur la musique des anciens" near the end and the "Pseaume CL" throughout with some loss to legibility. Although the volume was undoubtedly compiled this by Trouflaut himself, his original binding must have been so badly damaged that it was replaced by another one in the 18th century style sometime during the early 20th century. The front flyleaf contains Trouflaut's very extensive notes on the theoretical opinions of M. Guignet (maître de musique de la cathédrale de Nevers) as well as instructions for the original binding ("1# de relieure pour cet in 4° chez Tiger derrière la fontaine St. Benoit, place Cambray a côte de la porte cochere du college de Cambray"). The bookplate of the book's last owner before rebinding, the bishop of Nevers, Dominique-Augustin Dufêtre (1796-1860), has been glued onto the inside of the new upper cover.
¶ I: New Grove II, 94. Eitner I, 320. - II: Eitner VI, 105. - III: New Grove XVI, 277. Eitner VIII, 339. Hirsch I, 528. - IV: New Grove XVI, 277.

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