With four drawings and five watercolours by O. R. Schatz
31

Leischner, Erich Franz, Austrian architect (1887-1970). Hausbuch. No place, 1936-1954. No place, 1936-1954. 4to. Ca 95 pencil drawings (including occasional pen-and-ink drawings and watercolours), as well as entries and drawings by other hands on a total of 187 ff. Contemporary cloth with illustrated vellum title label and spine label.

EUR 18,000.00

The drawings - some of which are very finely executed, though most constitute only perfunctory sketches - include numerous portraits. Many depict Leischner's wife Stefanie, née Friedrich, others show caricatures, interiors etc. The several signed full-page watercolours and pencil drawings by Otto Rudolf Schatz (1900-61) deserve special mention: these include a number of decidedly anti-fascist and anticlerical caricatures, but also a full-page pencil drawing and a full-page entry with two illustrations by Franz von Zülow (1883-1963). - Schatz's contributions have been researched and documented for a catalogue raisonné by Dr Cornelia Cabuk, Belvedere, Vienna. - Binding somewhat rubbed and warped. Edges of leaves slightly darkened; occasional slight spots.
¶ Cabuk, Schatz (2018), p. 104, illustrated.

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Opposition to Imperialist War and the Birth of the Comintern
32

Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov), revolutionary, Marxist thinker, founder of the Soviet Union (1870-1924). Autograph draft letters signed, written about the Zimmerwald... Conference. No place or date, but apparently August 1915. No place or date, but apparently August 1915. 8vo. Altogether 5 pp. and 2 lines on 3 ff. (some notes in copying pencil on p. 6 in a different hand).

EUR 450,000.00

Important autograph draft letters signed about the Zimmerwald Conference, calculating how many votes the central committee of the Bolshevik faction will have at the conference, criticising Karl Radek's proposed address, of which he has a copy, for its lack of references to the fight against chauvinism, referring to Schklowsky, to the Swiss socialist Robert Grimm, and offering advice to his unidentified correspondent. - The Zimmerwald Conference, later to be called "the founding myth of the Soviet Union", was held at the "Beau Séjour" Hotel in Zimmerwald, Switzerland, from 5 to 8 September 1915. It was the first of three international socialist conferences convened by anti-militarist socialist parties from countries that were originally neutral during World War I. Among the 37 members were Karl Radek, Leo Trotsky, Grigory Zinoviev, and Lenin. With the Zimmerwald Conference began the unravelling of the coalition between revolutionary socialists (the so-called "Zimmerwald Left") and reformist socialists in the Second International.

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Complete run of this series of illustrated news sheets issued during the Great Turkish War: of the utmost rarity
33

[Lorck, Melchior (artist) / Happel, Eberhard Werner (ed.)]. Der Türckische Schau-Platz. Eröffnet und fürgestelt in sehr... vielen nach dem Leben gezeichneten Figuren [...]. Hamburg, Thomas von Wiering, (1683-)1685. Hamburg, Thomas von Wiering, (1683-)1685. Folio (210 x 340 mm). (12), 136 (instead of 138) ff. With one engraved folded map, one engraved folded view and 138 woodcut illustrations in the text (including 15 views). Contemp. full vellum with ms. spine title.

EUR 75,000.00

A very rare and extraordinarily interesting volume published as a series of bi-weekly news sheets in the wake of the 1683 siege of Vienna, consisting of single sheets, each with a title ("Türckis. Estats- und Krieges-Bericht") and number, a woodcut on the recto, and from no. 76 onward a date (26 May-22 Dec. 1684). This series of more than 130 large woodcuts by Melchior Lorck, the Danish draughtsman who only recently was hailed as "one of the sixteenth century's most original artists" and to whose life and work the publication of a five-volume monograph by E. Fischer (cf. below) paid ample tribute, provides us with the hitherto most extensive western-commissioned visual record of Ottoman society and Islamic culture in general. It is here published for the first time with the accompanying text written by the artist himself during two extended stays in Constantinople. Only two copies recorded at auction, the last one being incomplete, with three leaves missing, and heavily restored with the title-page and map partly supplied in facsimile (Christie's London, 13 July 2016, lot 188, £74,500). - The editor is suggested to have been E. W. Happel, an active miscellaneous writer of the period best known for his "Thesaurus exoticorum". In the introduction he states that the aim of the publication was to present a report on Turkish society, customs, beliefs, manners, as well as fortifications and recent battles. The work is prefaced by an account of the Battle of Vienna, including an engraved map showing the territories between Vienna and Constantinople and an engraved view depicting the siege. Lorck's illustrations fall into several groups: first, those of people and things, consisting of pictures of natives of different parts of the Ottoman Empire, different grades of person and trades, with a few plates of horses or things (no. 87: a Tartar covered wagon; no. 92: reproductions of Turkish coins). Then comes a group of views of towns, Damascus, Smyrna (93-98), portraits of lady sultans (99-104), followed by some more individual types (including a dervish), then views of the great mosques of Contantinople, including the Hagia Sophia and the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (113-122), then more pictures of animals (horses, including an Arab horse, camels), individuals and things such as Turkish standards (123-136). The accompanying text describes each image in some detail and is printed across the page. It is followed (printed in a smaller type and in two columns) by contemporary news dated from 2 September to 24 December 1684. - A complete, continuous run of the first 136 issues of these news sheets as issued from 1683 onwards and jointly re-issued with a general title-page and prefatory matter in 1685; the final, double page issue (no. 137, titled "Das Türkische Kirchen-Gemählde") was obviously never bound with this set. Variously browned; slight worming to pastedown, flyleaf and title-page. Old ownership of Friedrich Engl of Wagrain on title-page; later ownership "Seiffenburg" to flyleaf. Latterly in the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his ownership stamp. An excellent, genuine copy in its original binding, especially in comparison with the few copies traceable in libraries and the two recorded at auction.
¶ Erik Fischer, Melchior Lorck (2009), vol. III, passim. Atabey (Sotheby's cat.) 1594. Sturminger 2635. VD 17, 23:231261H. Not in Blackmer, Kábdebo, or Koc.

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The first folio atlas published in the Islamic World
34

Mahmoud Ra'if. Cedid Atlas Tercümesi [= New Atlas, translated]. Üsküdar/Istanbul, Tab'hane-yi Hümayunda / Mühenduishâne Press, 1218 H (April 1803-March 1804). Üsküdar/Istanbul, Tab'hane-yi Hümayunda / Mühenduishâne Press, 1218 H (April 1803-March 1804). Folio. Engraved, ill. title page, 79 pp. and 24 engraved maps (2 on 2 sheets joined), after William Faden, in contemporary hand colour. Bound in near-contemporary flexible boards with cloth spine. Stored in custom-made green morocco case.

EUR 125,000.00

The "rare Cedid Atlas, the first world atlas printed by Muslims, of which only fifty copies were printed" (Library of Congress, An illustrated guide ). Several copies were reserved for high ranking officials and important institutions. The remainder was partially destroyed in a warehouse fire during the Janissary Revolt of 1808. "Based on several estimates and accounting for the single maps (torn-out from bound volumes of the atlas) sold or being sold worldwide, it is believed that a maximum of 20 complete examples could be present in libraries or in private collections, whereas some sources suggest that there exist only 10 complete and intact copies in the world. As such, it's one of the rarest printed atlases of historical value" (Wikipedia, s. v.). - This work, a prestigious project for the Ottoman Palace with the seal of approval of the Sultan Selim III, was one of the avantgardistic enterprises promoted by Mahmoud Ra'if to introduce western technical and scientific knowledge to the Ottoman state. Composed of 25 maps based upon William Faden's 'General Atlas', it is the first Muslim-published world atlas to make use of European geographic knowledge. On each of the maps the place-names are transliterated in Arabic. Ra'if (cf. Turk. Biogr. Archive 221, 314ff.) had visited London in 1793 as secretary to the first Turkish Ambassador where he became proficient in both French and English. It was during this time in London that he acquired the copy of William Faden's 'General Atlas' used to compile the 'Cedid Atlas' (cf. Kemal Beydilli. Türk Bilim ve Matbaacilik Tarihinde Mühendishâne ve Kütüphanesi. Istanbul, 1995). The Atlas includes Raif's 79-page geographical treatise "Ucalet ül-Cografiye". - This copy is without the double-page celestial chart missing from most recorded copies, but is complete with all 24 maps, including the two world maps and fold-out maps of the continents. Contemporary ownership entry in Arabic, "Sheikh Abudulla bin Sefik", dated AD 1879. A few restored tears in the folded maps; two maps expertly remargined. Somewhat browned in places, but still a very good copy in comparison to the known examples in institutional possession. A severely defective copy recently commanded an auction price of USD 118,750 (Swann Galleries NY, 26 May 2016, lot 199).
¶ OCLC 54966656. Not in Philipps/Le Gear. Not in Atabey or Blackmer collections.

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Ship log of a journey to Singapore
35

[Manuscript ship's journal]. HMS "Agincourt". Manuscript ship's journal. Chusan, Hong Kong, Singapore and other places, 1844-1845. Chusan, Hong Kong, Singapore and other places, 1844-1845. Folio. 50 pp. Dated 16 Oct. 1844 to 21 April 1845. Bound in loose covers with a handwritten title "Log of the proceedings of HMS 'Agincourt' - H. W. Bruce Esqr., Captain. Bearing the Flag of Rear Adml. Sir Th. Cochrane RN, From the 16th October 1844 to the 8th March 1845 [sic], Rept. by - Elphinstone D. D. Aplin, Mate".

EUR 9,500.00

The log contains detailed daily entries tracking the ship's travels to Asia, including Chusan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Each day's entry provides the ship's bearings, speed, wind direction, and distance travelled, and contains remarks on the ship's maneuvers, signals, and activities. In addition to the necessary constant maintenance plus sail and course correction, ship activities included cutlass drill and mustering of the crew for general review, church services, and leisure time ashore for recreation and amusement. Occasional punishments are listed, with entries on 13 March 1845, "Punished Ed Bhilsly with 48 lashes for insolence", and 20 March, "Punished Jno. Elliott with 36 lashes for Insubordination". - Expected wear to the covers (including tears, toning, and small areas of paper loss); interior pages are in fine condition. The journalist, Elphinstone D'Oyley D'Auvergne D. Aplin, joined the Royal Navy in 1838 and was appointed as acting lieutenant on the HMS Agincourt on 2 April 1845, while making the last entries in this log. He rose to command the HMS Hecla in the mid-to-late 1850s, and in 1861 commanded the HMS Centaur in China during the Taiping Rebellion.

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Important Latin translation of the lost Arabic original
36

Maša'allah ibn Atari / Heller, Joachim. De elementis et orbibus coelestibus, liber antiquus ac... eruditus Messahalae laudatissimi inter Arabes Astrologi. Nuremberg, Johann vom Berg & Ulrich Neuber, 1549. Nuremberg, Johann vom Berg & Ulrich Neuber, 1549. 4to. (100) ff. With several woodcut astronomical diagrams in text. Modern marbled boards with morocco label to gilt spine. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 25,000.00

A collection of astrological writings in Latin translation first published in 1504 as "De scientia motus orbis". The work provides a comprehensive account of the whole cosmos along Aristotelian lines. The 8th-century Persian Jewish astrologer and astronomer Maša'allah ibn Atari "wrote on virtually every aspect of astrology [...] His brief and rather primitive 'De scientia motus orbis' [or 'De elementis et orbibus coelestibus'] combines Peripatetic physics, Ptolemaic planetary theory, and astrology in such a way that, in conjunction with its use of the Syrian names of the months, one strongly suspects that it is based on the peculiar doctrines of Harran, to which al-Kindi and Abu Masar were also attracted [...] This important Latin translation by Gerard of Cremona of the lost Arabic original of this exposition was published by J. Stabius (Nuremberg, 1504) and by J. Heller (Nuremberg, 1549)" (DSB). - Bookplate of the Marques de Viana, Conde de Urbasa on front pastedown. In excellent condition.
¶ VD 16, ZV 10470. DSB IX, 160 & 162. Zinner p. 211, 1962. Lalande, Bibliographie Astronomique, p. 68. Sarton I, 531. Graesse IV, 503.

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Photographs taken by the author between 1905 and 1915
37

Moritz, Bernhard. Bilder aus Palästina, Nord-Arabien und dem Sinai. 100... Bilder nach Photographien mit erläuterndem Text. Berlin, Reimer, 1916. Berlin, Reimer, 1916. Oblong folio. 106 illustrations on 50 plates, each with separate title, in various sizes. With text booklet (2 ff., 16 pp.). Original half cloth portfolio.

EUR 40,000.00

Rare photographic work documenting important cities and parts of the countryside in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. Most of the photos were taken by the author during his travels between 1905 and 1915. The images of northern Hejaz, Mecca, and Medina, which Moritz was unable to visit, were taken by Turkish friends. The images also show the construction of the Hejaz Railway between Damascus and the holy sites of Mecca and Medina, as well as views of Medina, Mecca, Jeddah, Petra, and Jerusalem. - Plates and text are well preserved; portfolio shows slight traces of repairs.

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Printed in colour by Vienna's Imperial Print Shop
38

Moser, Henri. Sammlung Henri Moser-Charlottenfels: Orientalische Waffen und Rüstungen. Leipzig, Karl W. Hiersemann, 1912. Leipzig, Karl W. Hiersemann, 1912. Imperial folio (520 x 415 mm). 17, (1) pp. With additional coloured title in Persian and 44 coloured plates. Original blue cloth portfolio with gilt-embossed floral and oriental decoration. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 12,000.00

Very rare monograph about Henri Moser's collection of oriental arms and armour. The present copy in German is no. 103 of a small press run of 125 German copies (total number of copies: 300). The outstanding plates, printed in colour by the Vienna Court Printing Office, show extraordinary pieces of Moser's precious collection containing over 1,300 weapons. The Swiss merchant and art patron Henri Moser (1844-1923) left Schaffhausen at the age of 23 and began travelling through Asia. During his expeditions he collected many pieces of art, weapons, armour, and hunting trophies. His remarkable collection was displayed at various museums throughout Europe. - Cloth portfolio splitting at hinges. A few insignificant edge flaws; some staining, mainly confined to the text fascicule, otherwise in excellent condition.

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One of the earliest editions of the Cosmographia
39

Münster, Sebastian. Cosmographiae universalis lib. VI. Basel, Heinrich Petri, (March 1559). Basel, Heinrich Petri, (March 1559). Folio (220 x 328 mm). (24), 474, (4), 475-476 pp, 477-480 ff., 481-608 pp., 609-612 ff., 613-1162, (2) pp. (thus complete). With woodcut title border, Münster's portrait on the verso, printer’s device on the final page by Urs Graf, 14 maps (11 double-page and 3 triple-page) as well as 37 double-page views and approximately 970 woodcuts in the text (including repeats). Contemporary full calf on six raised double bands with gilt central oval ornaments and corner fleurons to both covers; spine sparsely gilt.

EUR 28,000.00

An early edition of Münster’s monumental work. The Cosmographia by Sebastian Münster (1488-1552), the German cartographer and cosmographer, was one of the most successful and popular books of the 16th century. The most highly valued of all cosmographies, it passed through 24 editions within 100 years and was of principal importance for reviving the interest in geography in 16th century Europe. In spite of its numerous maps, Münster's Cosmography is largely a work of historical geography and history, and it was thus that it soon became the most popular work of its kind throughout Europe - not only in Germany, but also in France (where it saw several editions), Italy, and Bohemia. "The Latin edition, more scientific in many respects, was intended for the scholars in all of Europe" (cf. Burmeister, p. 14). - In good condition, with some frequent but slight waterstaining. A few near-contemporary underlinings and annotations, some in red ink. Binding rubbed, chafed and bumped. Provenance: handwritten ownership of Carl Isaak Rothovius, dated 1649 (possibly related to Isaacus Rothovius [1572-1652], the bishop of Turku, who oversaw the first complete translation of the Bible into Finnish). Late 18th century engraved armorial bookplate of the naturalist and Swedish civil servant Mathias Benzelstierna (1713-91), who studied with Carl Linné and became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1786.
¶ VD 16, M 6718. Burmeister 90. Hantzsch 77.33. Adams M 1911. Sabin 51382. Graesse IV, 622. Cf. Borba de Moraes II, 90f. Not in BM-STC German.

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Bestowed by Khalifa bin Harub Al-Said
40

[Oman - Zanzibar]. Order of the Brilliant Star. Zanzibar and London, 1913. Zanzibar and London, 1913. Insignia of the Third Class of the Order of the Brilliant Star, stored in custom-made red morocco case with gilt cover, lined in silk and purple felt (Elkington & Co., London). Includes: Letter of bestowal in Arabic. Form printed in gold and filled in in black ink (6 May 1913). Foreign Office letter announcing Royal permission to wear the decoration (T.D.S., 9 July 1913). Royal Warrant to accept and wear the insignia, signed by King George V and Reginald McKenna as Home Secretary (T.D.S., 21 July 1913). Additional material.

EUR 8,500.00

The Insignia of the Third Class of the Order of the Brilliant Star as conferred upon the British diplomat Edward William Paget Thurstan (1880-1947). The Star was bestowed in the early days of the long reign of Khalifa bin Harub Al-Said of Zanzibar, who ruled from December 1911 to October 1960. The Arabic dynasty of the Al-Saids ruled Zanzibar until the revolution of 1964. Khalifa bin Harub (r. 1911-60), ninth Sultan of Zanzibar, was descended from Said ibn Sultan (1790-1856), the last of the dynasty whose empire included not only Muscat and Oman, but also Zanzibar, where he had established his capital in 1840. Upon Said's death his realm had been divided: his third son, Thuwaini, succeeded him as Sultan of Muscat and Oman; and his sixth son, Majid, became Sultan of the wealthier Zanzibar. Long an area in which the British Empire exerted paramount influence, Zanzibar became a British protectorate in 1890. - Includes a later T.D.S. from Buckingham Palace to Thurstan (now C.M.G.), forwarding a medal "to be worn in commemoration of Their Majesties' Silver Jubilee 6th May, 1935".

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A highly important illustrated account of a visit to Muscat and the Sultan of Oman, hitherto unpublished
41

Page, Théogène François, captain of the frigate La Favorit (1807-1867). Campagne de la Favorite - Journal. In the Gulf and elsewhere at sea, 3 June 1841 - 5 January 1844. In the Gulf and elsewhere at sea, 3 June 1841 - 5 January 1844. Autograph ship's journal in French. Folio (335 x 220 mm). 2 vols. with a total of 192 unnumbered pages (of which 30 are blank). In black ink, with more than 40 small pen or pencil drawings in the text, ranging from simple coastal profiles to detailed and skilfully executed views of cities and fortifications. With 11 inserted items, including a 27 July 1842 letter from Admiral Guy-Victor Duperré (Ministère de la Marine et des Colonies) to Captain Page, and a slip with neatly drawn Chinese characters. Contemporary plain-paper wrappers, with manuscript title on both front wrappers. Stored in custom-made half morocco case with gilt title to spine.

EUR 350,000.00

Primary source for the very first French diplomatic mission to the Arabian Gulf, the trucial Sheikhdoms, Oman and Bahrein, which was published only in extracts (Billlecoq 2001, cf. below) and of which to this day no critical edition exists. The Captain's meticulous, illustrated account of the voyage of the French corvette La Favorite, departing under his command from Brest on 3 June 1841, sailing around Africa and along Madagascar to India and the Gulf (extensively exploring both the Arabian and the Persian coasts as far as present-day Kuwait), around the Arabian Peninsula into the Red Sea, then around the southern tip of India to the East Indies, the South China Sea and up the Chinese coast as far as Zhejiang province. "Its journey across the eastern seas, especially to the Gulf, was a landmark event. For the first time, a French government was dispatching a ship on a mission to the Gulf, specifically to the Sovereign of the States of the Bahrain Islands" (Billecocq). - While Page often records brief pieces of information about the weather and coordinates, he includes much more descriptive text than most ships' journals, and often illustrates the account with drawings of fortifications (often quite detailed), natural landmarks, tornados and locals, as well as clothes, utensils and other objects. The journal also gives much detail of the return voyage through the seas around the East Indies, but only brief reports for the further voyage home, ending on 5 January 1844. - The first volume closes on 17 October 1841, when Page visited the Kailasanatha temple (Ellora, India). The next volume starts nearly a month later, on 16 November, when the ship was near Bombay. They sailed, via Karachi (Pakistan), to Muscat, where they arrived on 4 December. There Page was received by the "second son" of Said bin Sultan al Said (1791-1856), the Sultan of Muscat and Oman, who himself was staying at Zanzibar. Sayyid Thuwaini bin Said al-Said (1821-71), actually the Sultan's third son, would succeed his father in 1856. Page describes Thuwaini and his residence, and on the following days describes the city's harbour and fortifications, the market (where one could buy pearls, rhinoceros skin and coconut oil from Africa, Indian ghee and much more) and some surrounding villages. He also includes a small drawing of a veiled woman. The ship left the city on 9 December, sailing north through the strait of Hormuz (16 December) and continuing along the Persian coast. On 25 December it reached "Cangoun" (Bandar-e Kangan, Persia), where Page visited Sheikh Diégara (or Diegarah) at his house near the sea for two days. He gives a description of the Sheikh's house and its surroundings, again including a drawing of a veiled woman and a small drawing of a "machine singalière" that watered the gardens (a well with a pump?). On 31 December, back at sea again, Page had a conversation with his Arabic guide about Abdullah bin Saud, who ruled the first Saudi State from 1814 to 1818, and his imprisonment by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848). They also discussed the infamous pirate "Rah'm Ben Jaber": Rahmah ibn Jabir Al Jalhami (ca. 1760-1826), his father Jabir bin Adhbi and their relation to Sheikh Abdullah bin Ahmad Al Kalifa, the ruling family of Bahrain. On 2 January 1842 La Favorite anchored at Bushehr, where Page met a certain "Monsieur Malcolm" who invited him to visit Sheikh Nasr (Nasser) in the house that was built by Nasr's father, Sheikh Abdur Rassoul. Page stayed there for several days, going horse-back riding with the Sheikh, describing the region and provisioning his ship before leaving on 7 January. The following day Page visited a fortress, shown in some small drawings in the present journal. On 14 January La Favorite sailed for Bahrein, arriving on the 18th. "This was a truly singular historic event, being the first time that diplomatic relations were established between France and the renowned Gulf islands, so influential in the history of the Middle East and of world civilizations" (Billecocq). He went ashore at Muharraq, where he was welcomed by the ruler, Sheikh Abdullah bin Ahmad al Khalifa. It has recently been suggested that Abdullah was a much greater and more important figure in Bahrain's history than has been previously recognised (cf. Abdulaziz Mohamed Hasan Ali al Khalifa, Relentless warrior and shrewd tactician: Shaikh Abdullah bin Ahmad of Bahrain 1795-1849, PhD thesis, University of Exeter, 2013). According to Page, the Sheikh was very interested in France and its "sultan", asking many questions and saying: "You are the first of the French sultan's captains I have seen here. Your ship is the first to come here, welcome!" (vol. 2, p. 19). Later that day Page visited the Sheikh's son Hassan and Ali, where he dined. The next day Page was given some "splendid" Arab horses to explore the island with. He gives a description of Muharraq, the mosques, the bazaar, and some surroundings. On 20 January Page writes he wants to visit the "île du pirate Rah'm ben Jimber" (island of the pirate Rahm bin Jabir), but was unable to do so and visited Manama instead. He gives a vivid picture of the bazaar, mentioning dates from the south, woolen cloth from Lassa, fabric from Bombay, pearls, etc. He also briefly touches on the Portuguese influence in the region. On 21 January Sheikh Hassan came aboard La Favorite, and Page enjoyed the festivities in the city. The ship left Bahrein on 22 January and arrived at the isle of "Kichmie" (probably Qishm, Iran, since Page mentioned he could see Ormuz) on 27 January, where he met Sheikh Abderaman. Included here are some relatively large architectural drawings of the Sheikh's house, the harbour, a view with some ruins and a ground plan of a fortress. Page gives lengthy description of each day up to the first of February, when the ship left for Muscat . La Favorite anchored at Muscat from 6 to 21 February to reprovision for the long journey to the East Indies. "While waiting for the ship to be prepared for the journey, Page left to explore the area around the Omani capital and discovered the charming valley of Al-Bustan" (Billecocq). - Page's decision to keep within this journal the letter by Admiral Duperre, Ministère de la Marine et des Colonies, adressed to him from Paris, 27 July 1842, makes perfect sense, as the Admiral congratulates Page extensively on his very interesting report on the Gulf: "Vous me rendiez compte, qu’après avoir exploré le golfe Persique, la corvette la Favorite avait mouillé pour la seconde fois sur la rade de Mascate [...] La lecture de ces rapports m’a vivement intéressé et les détails qu’ils renferment sur les différents points que vous avez successivement visités [...] ont particulierèment fixé mon attention". Obviously Page was well aware of the importance and unique value of his observations made during a journey still characterized in the 21st century as a "landmark event" (Billecoq), all of which finally comes to light through the present journal. - Provenance: Chateau de Vincennes, Paris, deaccessioned and sold to the Swedish Bookseller and collector Björn Löwendahl, bought from his heirs.
¶ Xavier Beguin Billecocq, Un vasseau français à Bahreïn, 1842: une première diplomatique / A French ship's journey to Bahrain, 1842: a diplomatic first (Paris 2001). Bequin Billecocq, Oman, pp. 190f. J. Peterson, Historical Muscat, p. 129 ("unpublished manuscript, cited in Billecocq").

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With views of Mecca, Mocha, Muscat, and Aden
42

Peeters, Jacob. Briefve description et demonstration des places et villes... continuées en ce livre: exactement delinées comme elles sont à present. (Antwerp, Jacob Peeters), [ca 1686]. (Antwerp, Jacob Peeters), [ca 1686]. Small oblong folio (304 x 186 mm). 20 pp. of letterpress text with 126 (instead of 128) engraved plates, including a print with two medallion portraits of the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I. and his third wife, 9 (instead of 11) equestrian portraits, 10 numbered scenes of the 1683 battle of Vienna, and 106 city views (Palotta repeated, lacking Vesperin). - (Bound with) II: The same. Description des principales villes, havres et isles du Golfe de Venise du coté oriental [...]. Ibid., [1685?]. (2), 40 pp. of letterpress text with engraved title and 114 (instead of 115?) engraved plates, including 89 city views (one of which folded), 24 maps and plans (one of which folded), and one illustration of a Venetian banner from the 1685 Siege of Coron. Contemporary calf with giltstamped spine.

EUR 9,500.00

An interesting collection of engraved prints centered around the Great Turkish War (1683-99), a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League, consisting of the Habsburg Empire, Poland-Lithuania, Venice and Russia. This work can be divided into three general parts: it begins with equestrian portraits of the relevant monarchs and other leading figures (after Pieter Stevens), followed by scenes from the 1683 Battle of Vienna (after Romeyn de Hooghe). The final and largest part of the volume consists of 106 views of the cities involved, drawn by Jacob Peeters and engraved by Lucas Vorsterman and Gaspar Bouttats. They are arranged in six series, with the second, third and fourth providing a title on the first plate, while the division between the two final series is unclear: [Cities of Austria and Upper Hungary] (40 views); "Civitates Hungariae inferiores" (20 views); "Diverse viste della cita in Candia, Malta, come nel archipelago" (11 views); "Diverse viste delli Dardaneli del' Strecio come delle città e castelli nel archipelago" (10 views); "Divarse viste delli luoghi e contrade di Barbaria e il Stretto di Gib[r]altar" (11? views); and [Cities and other views in the Holy Land and the Arabian Peninsula] (14? views, including Mecca and Jerusalem). The letterpress text provides 108 numbered descriptions of the views in French, while many of the views' captions are in Dutch. The present copy was accidentally issued without the descriptions 51-70 and with descriptions 89-108 repeated without numbers. As the description of St. Job mentions an event of 12 February 1686 and the equestrian portraits include Mehmed IV, who was deposed in November 1687, this set was probably issued in 1686/87. - At the end is Peeters's set of views of the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern ports, first issued in 1685. It is assembled very similarly with 137 unnumbered descriptions in French and 89 city views as well as maps and plans, including places in Palestine and Syria as well as the Egyptian pyramids, Mocha, Muscat and Aden in Arabia, Babylon and Baghdad in Iraq, and locations in Armenia, Persia, and India. Loss to right edge of the folding plan of Sibenik. - Binding rubbed and scuffed, hinges starting. Variously browned and brownstained, otherwise well preserved. From the library of Werner Habel with his ownership stamp to flyleaf and his 1977 acquisition note loosely inserted.
¶ Atabey 933 (Dutch ed., 63 plates). Landwehr, De hooghe Book Illustrator 82 (French ed.). Weber II, 816 (Dutch ed., 125 plates). Nebehay/Wagner II, 481. Cf. Atabey 934; Blackmer 1276f. Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) XVIII, p. 28, 1; III, p. 175, 23; XLII, p. 123-133, 60-78. Le Blanc 156. Nagler XI, 165f. - 2nd part: Blackmer 1278. Weber II, 821. Hollstein III, 175. OCLC 643393952.

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An instrument invented by Peurbach
43

Peurbach, Georg. Quadratum geometricum praeclarissimi mathematici. Nuremberg, Johann Stuchs, 1516. Nuremberg, Johann Stuchs, 1516. Folio. 10 unnumbered ff. Title-page printed in red and black with full-page woodcut of the instrument in question (repeated on f. 2v) and numerous woodcut diagrams. Modern half morocco over red boards.

EUR 15,000.00

First edition of one of the rarest works by the Austrian astronomer and instrument maker. The "Quadratum geometricum", a new geodetic measuring instrument, was invented by Peurbach himself, and its use is here described for the first time. - From the library of Werner Habel, with his ownership stamp, signature and acquisition date (1977) to front pastedown. Previously in the collections of Count Wladyslaw Hrabia Bielinski and Zygmunt Czarnecki, with their stamps to title. Rare, only a single copy recorded at auction within the last 60 years.
¶ VD 16, P 2054. Adams P 2270. BNHCat P 943.

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Very Early Photographs of Muslim Holy Sites in Jerusalem
44

Pierotti, Ermete, Italian engineer, topographer and archaeologist (1820-80). Le Mont Moria. Album of original photographs and... manuscript plans of Jerusalem. Jerusalem, February/March 1861. Jerusalem, February/March 1861. Landscape folio (400 x 530 mm). Private album with 13 original albumenised salt prints by Mendel Diness (but the view of the Al-Aqsa Mosque taken by the Austrian photographer Othon von Ostheim), 4 original manuscript maps and plans in delicate hand-colour, and 2 large engraved or photographically reproduced plans. Presentation binding of contemporary "native" brown sheepskin. Smooth spine with simple wavy-line banding, sides with roll-tool border of foliate motifs and urns (in gilt on front, in blind on back) enclosing a single-line panel with scrolling corner pieces, gilt lettered on front cover.

EUR 90,000.00

Fascinating and important dedication album of original photographs and hand-coloured manuscript maps of Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem. Assembled by the Jerusalem-based archaeologist Ermete Pierotti for presentation to Edmond de Barrère (1819-90), the French consul general in Jerusalem, with Pierotti's (partially erased) inscription on the large map: "L'auteur á Monsieur [Consul de France], chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur". - Of the 13 photographs, 6 are devoted to the great Ayyubid Mosque of Omar and a further 2 to the Al-Aqsa Mosque and Haram al-Sharif. The 4 manuscript maps and plans are delicately hand-coloured, finely detailed and extensively annotated, reflecting Pierotti's painstaking approach. They show Jerusalem, the Church of St Anne, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the Greek Convent, and Bethlehem. The photo reproduction of the plan of Haram al-Sharif notes that the original was presented to the British consul James Finn. - Pierotti was a colourful figure of Palestine archaeology. A former captain in the Corps of Royal Piedmontese Army Engineers, he was appointed architect and engineer of Jerusalem by the Ottoman governor Sureyya Pasha in 1858, and "this gave him the opportunity to explore various places in the city, including the Haram al-Sharif, something which hardly any non-Muslims had done at the time" (Legouas). A respected authority who assisted British, French and Russian researchers and pilgrims during his time in Jerusalem, Pierotti was entrusted with important research commissions and stood in direct contact with the French consul. It is likely the present ensemble to which Pierotti referred in an autobiographical note (quoted by the French historian Legouas), stating that in 1856 he "had already placed in an album several plans, sections and photographs of Jerusalem, of which I had acquired part from Mr. Diness, and others had been given to me by Padre Andrea, a Franciscan amateur in photography." In 1857, he writes, "M. de Barrère, the French Consul, employed me in measuring the Church of St Anne and all the neighbouring ground, and ordered me to make a plan, sections, and levels on a large scale, which I did." Pierotti would draw on several of the photos here present for his 1864 book "Jerusalem Explored". All but one of them were contributed by the long-neglected Jewish photographer Mendel Diness (1827-1900), who today is hailed as one of the earliest photographers of Jerusalem, following the sensational rediscovery of some 130 of his glass negatives in 1989. - Spine sunned, some wear to extremities, large strip across back cover neatly repaired, large map of Jerusalem with old tape repairs on verso, some cockling where photographic prints have been mounted yet overall very good. Detailed list of contents available upon request.
¶ Cf. Jean-Yves Legouas, "Saving Captain Pierotti?", in: Palestine Exploration Quarterly 145.3 [2013], pp. 231-250. Dror Wahrman, Capturing the Holy Land: M. J. Diness and the Beginnings of Photography in Jerusalem, Harvard, 1993.

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An Austrian soldier from Steyr fighting against Ottoman corsairs
45

Puel, Matthias. Itinerarium Thalassicum. Das ist: New Raiß- und Meers-Beschreibung... [...]. Nuremberg, Christoph Lochner, 1666. Nuremberg, Christoph Lochner, 1666. 4to. (8), 208 pp. With engraved frontispiece and 5 etched folding plates. Contemporary gold-brocade decorated paper wrappers.

EUR 6,500.00

Only edition. - A detailed travelogue of the Austrian soldier Matthias Puel, who joined the papal fleet in 1660 and participated in several naval expeditions against Ottoman corsairs in the Mediterranean. He describes his experiences as a soldier and traveller, starting with a description of his native Steyr in Upper Austria and his journey to Vienna. He discusses the cities, landmarks and fortresses he visited during his travels, as well as the fierce battles with the Ottomans and the terrible conditions aboard the galleys (cf. ADB XXVI, 692). The plates show fine and uncommon views of Steyr, Vienna, Rome, Naples, and Mt. Vesuvius erupting. "Dedicated to Maximilian Luckhner, the mayor of Steyr [...] Chapters 3-8 treat Hungary, giving a detailed account of Raab, Komorn, Neuhäusel, Tyrnau, and Pressburg" (cf. Apponyi). - Lightly browned; title-page duststained in the margin. Frontispiece trimmed rather closely with minimal loss to image. Wrappers worn; lower corner of front wrapper torn away, rebacked and retouched by a later owner. From the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his handwritten and stamped ownership, dated 1976, to inside of upper cover. Rare.
¶ VD 17, 23:243619V. Apponyi II, 948. Graesse V, 504.

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First printed translation of the Quran
46

[Quran]. Machumetis Saracenorum principis, eiusque successorum vitae, ac doctrina,... ipseque Alcoran. His adiunctae sunt confutationes multorum authorum una cum Martini Lutheri proemonitione. Adiunctae sunt etiam, Turcarum res gestae. Opera et studio Th. Bibliandri. [Basel, Johann Oporinus & Nikolaus Brylinger, 1543]. [Basel, Johann Oporinus & Nikolaus Brylinger, 1543]. Folio (215 x 306 mm). 3 pts. in 1 volume. (28), 230, (10) pp. (8), 178 pp., 1 bl. f., 163 pp. (Bound with) II: John VI Kantakuzenos. Contra Mahometicam fidem christiana & orthodoxa assertio, Graece conscripta, nunc vero Latinitate donata, R. Gualthero interprete. Adiecta est eadem Graeca scripta. Basel, J. Oporinus, 1543. 2 pts. (12), 124, (4) pp. (8), 108, (2) pp. Contemporary half calf over wooden boards, signed and dated "PAZL 1659".

EUR 45,000.00

First edition of the first-ever printed Quran translation. "The text of this Latin version is based upon an Arabic manuscript acquired by Pierre de Cluny and Bernard de Clairvaux in Toledo in the 12th century. Pierre de Cluny charged the Englishman Robert von Kent, also in Toledo, with translating the ms. into Latin. Four hundred years later, Martin Luther had a copy of this text, and he commissioned Theodor Bibliander to publish it. Apart from this version, Bibliander used three other mss. he had managed to discover. However, the finished print sheets as well as the set type were seized by the Basel authorities on 1 July 1542. Prolonged negotiations ensued, and Oporinus was arrested on 30 August and imprisoned briefly. It was only the emphatic intervention by Luther and Melanchthon that prevented the work from being destroyed. On 7 December, the Basel council permitted the book to be published under the condition that neither the name of the city nor that of the printer be stated. Luther was compelled to contribute a preface, and the book must be sold in Wittenberg only" (cf. Enay). The second part contains a compilation of earlier writings about Islam and the Quran, some printed in Greek and Latin parallel text, including writings by Savonarola and Nicolaus Cusanus. The third part contains writings about the Ottomans, Islam, and Tamerlane's Mongolian invasion. - II: First edition of this discussion of Islamic teachings and the life of Muhammad by Emperor John Kantakuzenos. Both works are rather clean; worming (especially near beginning and end of the volume) has been professionally repaired. Binding somewhat rubbed and bumped as well as wormed. A similar binding is described in the "Festschrift Otto Schäfer", p. 434: both bear the initials of Placidus Hieber, abbot (1640-78) of Lambach monastery and famous not only for the Baroque splendour of his rule, but also for his death (he was poisoned by his cook). Rare: the last copy in the trade was that in the Burrell collection (sold at Sotheby's, Oct 15, 1999).
¶ I: VD 16, ZV 18456. Adams M 1889 (?). BM-STC German 479. Graesse IV, 43. Cf. Göllner 1792-93 and Benzing, Luther, 2766-68 (variants); Enay 102 (2nd ed: Basel 1550). - II: VD 16 J 376. Adams J 261. IA 131.339. Göllner 802.

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With full-page woodcuts by Lucas Cranach
47

(Rhau, Georg). Hortulus Animae. Lustgarten der Seelen: Mit schönen lieblichen... Figuren. Wittenberg, (Georg Rhau's heirs), 1550. Wittenberg, (Georg Rhau's heirs), 1550. 4to. (248) pp. Title printed in red and black. With woodcut title vignette and 52 woodcut illustrations in the text (13 of which are full-page). - (Bound with) II: Dietrich, Veit. Agend Büchlein für die Pfarrherren auff dem Land. (Nuremberg, Johann vom Berg and Ulrich Neuber), 1553. (246) pp. With woodcut title border. Contemporary roll-tooled pigskin over wooden boards with bevelled edges and two brass clasps.

EUR 8,500.00

This devotional book is especially significant due to the outstanding woodcut illustrations by the eminent German artists Lucas Cranach the Elder, Hans Brosamer, Anton Woensam, and others, including the famous portrait of the Wittenberg printer Georg Rhau at the age of 60. This edition of the "Hortulus" was first printed by Rhau in 1547, and later in a smaller edition in 8vo. This is the larger (4to) edition. It contains the Catechism, the Explanation of the Lord's Prayer, by Melanchthon, the "Lobgesang" "Ein Kindelein so loebelich / ist uns geboren heute / von einer Jungfraw seuberlich / zu trost uns armen Leuten", with commentary; other pieces for Christmas, and on the Passion. The "Symbolum Apostolorum", the Creed, with the Commentary by Martin Luther, has a separate title page. One of the most important religious works of the 16th century. - Bound with this is a rare early edition of the famous manual of protestant liturgy by Veit Dietrich (1506-49), a close companion of Luther's, commissioned by the Council of Nuremberg. The work saw more than 15 editions in the 16th century alone, and liturgical practice in Bavaria's Protestant church was based on it until well into the 19th century. - Variously browned and brownstained; insignificant worming. From the library of Werner Habel with his ownership stamp to front pastedown; his acquisition card from 1974 loosely inserted.
¶ I: VD 16, R 1691. B. Gotzkowsky, Die Buchholzschnitte Hans Brosamers in den Werken Martin Luthers (Baden-Baden 2009), p. 273-277. Not in Adams or BM-STC German. - II: VD 16, A 644. Cf. BM-STC German 518. Not in Adams.

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"It was an expensive book"
48

Salzmann, Auguste. Jérusalem. Etude et reproduction photographique des monuments de... la ville sainte depuis l'époque judaïque jusqu'à nos jours. Planches. Paris, Gide & Baudry, 1856. Paris, Gide & Baudry, 1856. Folio (335 x 432 mm). 3 ff. of letterpress matter (half-title, title and list of plates). With 40 mounted calotypes. Contemp. marbled half morocco on five raised bands with gitstamped spine title; marbled endpapers.

EUR 45,000.00

Second, "better known" (Parr/Badger) edition of this pioneering work, first published in 1854: only the plate volume with the 40 magnificent calotypes, wanting the separately published 90 pages of text. - Wishing to support L. F. J. Caignant de Saulcy in the controversy concerning the dating of the wall of Jerusalem that followed his journey to the Dead Sea, Auguste Salzmann set out for the Holy Land on 12 December 1853. With the help of his assistant Durheim, he prepared some two hundred waxed-paper negatives of the Jerusalem monuments during his four-month stay. While his findings were first published in a monumental volume in 1854 (the copy of the Duke de Luynes commanded 463,500 Euros at Sotheby's Paris in 2013), the present reduced edition, with prints by Blanquart-Evrard, is the better known. "It was an expensive book, a livraison, or fasicle of three prints costing 24 gold francs. A single print was 10 francs [...] Salzmann was acutely attentive to both patina and pattern in attempting to define the architectural strata of a city in which building was built upon building, thus leaving a vertical record of the various cultures that had occupied the city and left their remains on the foundations built by earlier conquerors [...] Salzmann himself described his pictures as having 'a conclusive brutality', but to modern eyes their poetic aspect seems paramount. It would appear that Salzmann was at one and the same time both expert and layman, dispassionate observer and enthusiast. His pictures have this dual quality, flickering rapidly between documentary and poetry. This, one might suggest, is the ideal goal for any photographer". - Binding slightly rubbed and chafed in places. Marginal foxing throughout, affecting only a few photographs; insigficant waterstain to edge; old ownerships erased from title, leaving slight traces.
¶ Parr/Badger, The Photobook I, 25. Tobler 181f, Röhricht 440f. Baier, Geschichte der Fotografie 452f. Gernsheim, History of Photography 186. Witkin/London, Photograph Collector's Guide 86f.

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Sending two bottles of Malaga
49

Say, Jean-Baptiste, French economist and businessman (1767-1832). Autograph letter signed. Paris, 19. X., no year. 8vo. 1 page on bifolium. With integral address panel.

EUR 2,500.00

To his aunt, sending two bottles of Malaga: "Voici, Ma chere Tante, deux couples de bouteilles de Malaga pour assaisonner vos seconds déjeuners. C'est bien peu mais il ne rien en pas resté beaucoup, apres avoir partagé avec quelques amis un baril, qu'on m'avait cedé du haire. [...]" - Jean-Baptiste Say had classically liberal views and argued in favor of competition, free trade, and lifting restraints on business. He is best known for Say's Law, also known as the law of markets, which he popularized. - Small hole from breaking the seal (not touching text).

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Two rare travel accounts of Constantinople and the Ottoman Empire, with an appendix on the Arnheim's return from Batavia
50

Somer, Jan. Johann Sommers See- und Land-Reyß nach der Levante,... das ist nach Italien, Candia, Cypern, Rhodis Egypten, Syrien, Gelobten Lande, Constantinopel und von dar wider durch Ungarn, Italien und Teutschland nach Mittelburg nach Hauß [...]. Frankfurt, Johann Frantz for Wilhelm Serlin, 1664. Frankfurt, Johann Frantz for Wilhelm Serlin, 1664. 4to. (8), 200 pp. With 8 engraved plates (some with touches of colour, two folded). - (Bound with) II: Wenner, Adam. Türckisches Reisebuch von Prag aus biß gen Constantinopel [...]. Nuremberg, Johann Andreas Endter & Wolfgang Endter's heirs, 1665. (8), 135, (5) pp. Title printed in red and black. Contemporary full vellum with handwritten title to spine.

EUR 15,000.00

Exceedingly rare Mediterranean travelogue: one of two German editions published in the same year (the other, an entirely different translation, by Cunradus in Amsterdam; the Nuremberg edition cited by several bibliographies is fictitious). Dutch editions had previously appeared in 1649 (the first) and in 1661. Although the Amsterdam-published German edition dates the journey to 1640-42, the Dutch first edition as well as the present translation make it clear that it had taken place as early as 1590-92! Somer's voyage began inauspiciously - he was captured by a Turkish galley in the harbour of Famagusta and briefly enslaved, but was soon set free after the French consul at Alexandria intervened for him. In spite of this episode, he travelled the Ottoman Empire at a time of relative peace (the Long Turkish War with the Habsburgs would not break out until 1593), spending several months in Egypt, Constantinople and Palestine. His colourful account includes a description of desert sandstorms and the trade with Egyptian mummies (not all of them ancient) as well as extensive chapters on Constantinople, the Ottoman court, the ubiquitous baths, Turkish customs and manners, the Muslim faith, curses and magic, etc. Somer returned via then-Ottoman Greece and Hungary, which he also describes. An appendix (pp. 170ff.) contains A. Stockram's topical account of the voyage of the Dutch ship Arnheim, which foundered off Mauritius on the return from Batavia. The translation is credited to "Philemerus Irenicus Elisius" (i.e., Martin Meyer). Rare; the last copy in auction records sold in 1983 (Erasmushaus, an incomplete reissue with only 5 views). - Bound after this is the second edition of A. Wenner's narrative of the Imperial embassy to the Porte in 1616-18, to ratify the Treaty of Zsitvatorok. Wenner served as secretary to the embassy; his "book is a day-to-day account of the journey to Constantinople from Prague, and includes a list of all the entourage from nobles to the apothecary, goldsmith, musicians, tailors, cooks, and so on. A list of presents for the sultan, with their values, is also given" (Atabey). The Treaty of Zsitvatorok "was a landmark in Turkish-European diplomatic relations, when the Turks first began to observe the general principles and courtesies of international law, and to exchange special ambassadors on an equal footing with European nations" (Blackmer). - Some browning throughout due to paper, more pronounced in Somer's work, the title page of which shows an unobtrusive tear in the upper edge. Contemporary handwritten ownership "Bocken" to recto of flyleaf; verso has stamp and 1978 ownership of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015).
¶ I: VD 17, 23:231760C. Tobler 86. Röhricht p. 217, no. 820. Paulitschke 532; Ternaux-Compans, Bibliothèque asiatique et africaine, 1977 (both have "Nuremberg" in error for Frankfurt). Cf. Weber II, 216 (Amsterdam German ed.); Kat d. Scheepvart Mus. I, 254f. (Dutch eds.). Not in Atabey, Blackmer, Aboussouan, Howgego, Henze, Cox, or Chauvin. - II: VD 17, 23:234557B. Cf. Atabey 1326; Blackmer 1783; Brunet VI.2, 435 (all for the 1622 first edition). Not in Röhricht, Tobler, Aboussouan or Brunet.

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Stalin to his daughter
51

Stalin (Dzhugashvili), Josef, Russian dictator (1878-1953). Autograph letter signed. No place, 4. III. 1937. No place, 4. III. 1937. 8vo. 1 page. In blue and red crayon.

EUR 65,000.00

A humorous correspondence with his daughter Svetlana, giving her the desired permission to invite two classmates for the weekend: "For Secretary Number 1 Mr Stalin / Decree Number 2 / I order you to permit me to invite two boys and a girl from my class this weekend (12/3/37). / Insurgent - Svetlanka Stalina [stamp] / Signed / I submit myself / Secretary to Svetlanka - insurgent / Stalin". Very well preserved document of Stalin's private family life, pervaded by the formulae of party bureaucracy.

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Arabians of Lawrence
52

Stirling, Walter Francis. Arab Types. Album of Arabian portrait photographs. Syria, c. 1918. Syria, c. 1918. 8vo. 15 black and white photographs captioned in white, plus one repeat in a smaller print. Original board album, acquired from "M. Arthur, Beyrouth". Paper label to upper cover: "Arab Types. Syria".

EUR 35,000.00

Small but fascinating collection of portrait photographs showing Arabian nobles as well as commoners, all captioned and the subject often identified by name and tribe. The photos, many of which are executed as highly expressive profile studies, were taken and assembled by Lt. Col. Walter Francis Stirling (1880-1958), Chief of Staff to T. E. Lawrence. While the present photographs were taken during his time with Lawrence, whom Stirling revered, it is not his British comrades but rather the striking features of the sheikhs and bedouins on which this collection is focused. Among the images are "Sheik Gawaileh of Nejd, one of Lawrence's Bodyguard", and "Sheikh Hamondi, Friend of Lawrence"; others are more ominously identified as "Yezidi Shepherd, Devil worshipper" or "Bad type of Hadadiyim Tribesman". Of many noble tribesmen here depicted, such as Fauraz ibn Sha'laan, Emir of the Ruwalla, or Sheikh Daham al-Hadi, Paramount Sheikh of the Shammar tribe, these probably constitute the only photographic record. - Stirling was trained at Sandhurst and served in the Transvaal operation during the Boer War before being seconded to the Egyptian Army in 1906. He spent five years patrolling with an Arab battalion on the Eritrean and Abyssinian borders. Throughout WWI he served at Gallipoli and the Palastinian campaign until he was appointed chief staff officer to Lawrence of Arabia, who called him "Stirling the imperturbable". In 1937, Stirling would reflect on his famous wartime comrade: "From then [early 1918] throughout the final phase of the Arab revolt on till the capture of Damascus, I worked, travelled, and fought alongside Lawrence [...] We sensed that we were serving with a man immeasurably our superior [...] In my considered opinion, Lawrence was the greatest genius whom England has produced in the last two centuries [...] If ever a genius, a scholar, an artist, and an imp of Shaitan were rolled into one personality, it was Lawrence." In 1919 Stirling became advisor to Emir Feisal and Deputy Political Officer in Cairo, then acting governor of Sinai and Governor of the Jaffa district in Palestine before moving to Albania in 1923 to take up a position advising and assisting in the reorganisation of the Albanian Ministry of the Interior.

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An Embassy to Persia, and a description of the Most Serene Republic
53

Tectander von der Jabel, Georg / Khakas Salankhomeny, Stephan. Iter Persicum, Kurtze, doch außführliche und warhafftige Beschreibung... der Persianischen Reiß: welche [...] 1602 von [...] Stephano Kakasch von Zalokemeny, vornehmen Siebenbürgischen vom Adel, angefangen [...]. Altenburg in Meißen, for Henning Grosse (in Leipzig), 1610. Altenburg in Meißen, for Henning Grosse (in Leipzig), 1610. 8vo. (16), 180, (6) pp. Title page printed in red and black. With 6 folding engraved plates. - (Bound after) II: Megiser, Hieronymus. Paradisus deliciarum; das ist, eigentliche und wahrhafftige Beschreibung der wunderbaren, mechtigen und in aller Welt hochberümbten Stadt Venedig [...]. Leipzig, (Michael Lantzenberger for) Henning Grosse, 1610. (24), 495, (13) pp. Title printed in red and black. With engraved Dietrichstein arms on the verso of title and 25 (instead of 26) engraved plates (mostly folded, one double-page-sized). (Includes:) Chronologia Veneta. (94) pp., 1 blank f., (62) pp., final blank f. Contemporary blindstamped pigskin with handwritten labels to spine; remains of clasps. Edges goffered and coloured blue.

EUR 14,500.00

I: Rare account of the embassy undertaken by Stephan Kakasch (Khakas) and Georg Tectander von der Jabel from Prague to the Persian court in the year 1602, in response to an embassy sent to the Habsburgs' court two years previously by Shah Abbas. The travellers passed through Bohemia, Silesia, and Moscow (to which a large part of the narrative is dedicated) before reaching Persia. Kakasch, the ambassador, died near Astrakhan, but the journey was successfully completed by his aide Tectander, and in January 1605 the report was officially presented to Emperor Rudolph. The present edition is a rare re-issue of the one published by Grosse in the previous year. The plates include views of Moscow and Breslau, the audience with the Grand Duke of Moscow, as well as Persian and Tatar costumes. Complete with all illustrations as called for by VD17 and the table of plates at the end (though some copies are known to have included as many as 8 plates). - II: First edition under this title; very rare: an extensively revised and expanded version of the author's "Venediger Herrlichkeit" from 1602. The famous historiographer and linguist Hieronymus Megiser (1554-1618/19) spent almost a year at Padua, from there making frequent journeys throughout Italy as far as Sicily and Malta. His book covers not only the history of Venice and its most important buildings and landmarks, but also provides information on the city's political and financial administration. The views include Venice, Padua, Verona, Bergamo, Udine, Palma, Sibenik, and Corfu; other plates depict Venetian curiosities such as a gondola and a Dogal procession. The appendix (with its own title-page and colophon) gives a chronology of the Most Serene Republic. - Some browning throughout due to paper. Appealing binding well preserved, though wanting clasps. Acquisition note, dated 1711, on lower pastedown, as well as a later note, according to which the volume was purchased for 40 Marks from Breslauer in Berlin in 1914. Ownership "Vi. Kringer / [18]59" on front flyleaf. Last in the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his handwritten and stamped ownership, dated 1975.
¶ I: VD 17, 23:253397U. Wilson 117. Apponyi 711. Bircher A 7099. BL-German books T 155. Adelung, Reisende in Russland II, 137. Schwab 568. Cf. Weber II, 236 (French 1877 ed. only). Not in Atabey or Blackmer. - II: VD 17, 3:300735K; 3:300737Z. Stagl 71. ADB XXI, 184. Cf. Tresoldi 14. Not in Pescarzoli.

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The first recorded visit of a Westerner to Mecca:
the first illustrated edition
54

Varthema, Lodovico di. Die Ritterlich und lobwürdig reiß [...] Sagend von... den landen, Egypto, Syria, von beiden Arabia Persia, India und Ethiopia, von den gestalten, sitten, und dero menschen leben und glauben. Strasbourg, Johann Knobloch, 1516. Strasbourg, Johann Knobloch, 1516. 4to. 226 pp. (A8, B-C4, D8, E-F4, G8, H-J4, K8, L-M4, N8, O-P4, Q8, R-S4, T6, V4, X7, without the final blank). With title woodcut and 47 woodcuts in the text (including 1 full-page illustration). - (Bound after) II: Giovio, Paolo. Libellus de legatione Basilii Magni principis Moschoviae ad Clementem VII. Pontificem Max. in qua situs regionis antiquis incognitus, religio gentis, mores, & causae legationis fidelissime referuntur. Basel, [J. Froben], 1527. 39, (1) pp. With woodcut printer's device to t. p. - (Bound after) III: Fabri (of Leutkirch), Johann. Ad serenissimum principem Ferdinandum Archiducem Austriae, Moscovitarum iuxta mare glaciale religio. Basel, J. Bebel, 1526. 18 ff. - (Bound after) IV: Ricoldo (da Monte di Croce). Contra sectam Mahumeticam libellus. (Georgius de Hungaria). De vita & moribus Turcorum. Carben, Victor de. Libellus de vita et moribus Iudaeorum (ed. J. Lefèvre). Paris, H. Estienne, 1511. 86 ff. With large woodcut in the text and several woodcut initials. - (Bound after) V: Ficinus, Marsilio. De religione Christiana & fidei pietate opusculum. Xenocrates de morte, eodem interprete. Strasbourg, J. Knobloch, 1507. 90 ff. With woodcut printer's device on final page. - (Bound after) VI: Haythonus (Hatto). Liber historiarum partium orientis, sive passagium terrae sanctae scriptus anno Redemptoris nostri M.CCC. Hagenau, J. Setzer, 1529. 71 ff. With woodcut title border and device on final page. Contemp. wooden boards with wide blindstamped leather spine and 2 brass clasps.

EUR 450,000.00

The first illustrated edition (in its second issue) of one of the most famous early travel reports and the first western encounter with the Arab world. Of the utmost rarity; not a single copy could be traced on the market for the past sixty years; not a single copy in the USA (cf. OCLC). Lodovico de Varthema’s “Itinerario” describes the first recorded eyewitness account by a westerner of the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. All early editions of Varthema’s “Itinerario” are exceedingly rare (even the 2013 Hajj exhibition at the MIA, Doha, only featured the 1654 reprint; cf. below). This - the first illustrated one - is certainly the rarest of them all: international auction records list not a single copy. The 1510 editio princeps was offered for US$ 1 million at the New York Antiquarian Book Fair in April 2011. - Varthema, a gentleman adventurer and soldier from Bologna, left Venice at the end of 1502. In 1503 he reached Alexandria and ascended the Nile to Cairo, continuing to Beirut, Tripoli, Aleppo and Damascus, where, adopting Islam and taking the name of Yunas, he joined a Mameluke escort of a Hajj caravan and began the pilgrimage to Mecca. Varthema was amazed by what he observed: "Truly I never saw so many people collected in one spot as during the twenty days I remained there", he begins, and arriving at the Great Mosque, continues, "it would not be possible to describe the sweetness and the fragrances which are smelt within this temple." Thanks to his knowledge of Arabic and Islam, Varthema was able to appreciate the local culture of the places he visited. Impressed and fascinated, he describes not only rites and rituals, but also social, geographical, and day-to-day details. "I determined, personally, and with my own eyes", he declares in the prefatory dedication, "to ascertain the situation of places, the qualities of peoples [...] of Egypt, Syria, Arabia Deserta and Felix, Persia, India, and Ethiopia, remembering well that the testimony of one eye-witness is worth more than ten hear-says." His good fortune did not continue unabated, however: after embarking at Jeddah and sailing to Aden, he was denounced as a Christian spy and imprisoned. He secured his release and proceeded on an extensive tour of southwest Arabia. Stopping in Sanaa and Zebid as well as a number of smaller cities, he describes the people, the markets and trade, the kind of fruits and animals that are plentiful in the vicinity, and any historical or cultural information deemed noteworthy. Returning to Aden, and after a brief stop in Ethiopia, he set sail for India. In addition to visiting Persia, Varthema explored the coasts of Malabar and Coromandel, including a very documented stay at Calicut at the beginning of 1505. He also purports to have made extensive travels around the Malay peninsula and the Moluccas. Returning to Calicut in August 1505, he took employment with the Portuguese at Cochin and, in 1508, made his way back to Europe via the Cape of Good Hope. - First published in 1510, Varthema's account became an immediate bestseller. In addition to his fascinating account of Egypt, Syria, the Arabian Peninsula, and the holy Muslim cities, "Varthema brought into European literature an appreciation of the areas east of India [...] which it had previously not received from the sea-travelers and which confirmed by firsthand observations many of the statements made earlier by Marco Polo and the writers of antiquity" (Lach, I. i. 166). "Varthema was a real traveller. His reports on the social and political conditions of the various lands he visited are reliable as being gathered from personal contact with places and peoples. His account of the overland trade is of great value in that we are made to see it before it had begun to give way to the all-seas route. He even heard of a southern continent and of a region of intense cold and very short days, being the first European probably after Marco Polo to bring back the rumor of Terra Australis" (Cox I, 260). - Bound with this work are five other 16th century imprints: II: Giovio's report on Russia is based on conversations with the Russian envoy Dimitry at the court of Pope Clement VII in Rome. - III: "The second printed book on Russia" (NUC), intelligence on Russia gathered by the later bishop of Vienna in Tübingen in 1525 from the envoy of the Grand Prince Ivan Vasilievitch. - IV: "Very rare anti-Muslim and anti-Semitic volume, of which this is the first edition to include the third tract by Victor de Carben" (Schreiber). Contains the report by Georgius de Hungaria, who was captured in 1438 during the siege of Mühlbach and was sold into Turkish slavery. Also includes the anti-Muslim treatise of Ricoldo (1242-1320) and the anti-Semitic pamphlet of Victor de Carben (1422-1515), a converted Rabbi from Cologne. - V: Fine Strasbourg humanist edition of two works by the great Neo-Platonist Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), including his 1474 apology of Christianity against Islam and Judaism. - VI: First Latin edition, edited by Menrad Molther, with his dedication to Georg von Morsum. The Armenian prince Haytho reached Poitiers in 1306 and there dictated his history of the Middle East since the first appearance of the Mongols. - Spine slightly rubbed; some browning, annotations and occasional worming. Ms. index of all works contained on front pastedown. Removed from the Donaueschingen court library with their stamps on first and final page.
¶ I: VD 16, ZV 15157. BM-STC 66. IA 113.543 (includes copies in BSB Munich and Wolfenbüttel). Benzing (Strasbourg) 100. Schmidt (Knobloch) 132. Ritter (IV) 932 & 2000. Muller 132, 170. Kristeller 383. Paulitschke 296. Ibrahim-Hilmy II, 305. Röhricht 574. Cf. exhibition cat. “Hajj - The Journey Through Art” (Doha, 2013), p. 90 (1655 Dutch ed. only). Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 2239 (other editions only). - II: BM-STC 360. VD 16, G 2081. Adelung I, 188 ("1537" in error). - III: BM-STC 294. VD 16, F 189. Adelung I, 185. - IV: BM-STC 317. Moreau 197. Renouard 9, 1. Göllner 48. Apponyi 78. Schreiber 11. - V: BM-STC 302. Adams F 416. VD 16, F 939. Ritter 838. The same, Catalogue, 978. Schmidt (Knobloch) 33. Muller 117, 29. - VI: BM-STC 403. VD 16, H 870. Adelung I, 119 (imprecise). Röhricht 176 (p. 66). Ritter 1090. The same, Catalogue, 1171. Burg 200. Benzing (Hagenau) 84, 107.

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The birth of modern anatomy: a coloured copy of the first edition, used by the surgeon of the Duke of Saxony
55

Vesalius, Andreas. De humani corporis fabrica libri septem. Basel, (Johannes Oporinus, June 1543). Basel, (Johannes Oporinus, June 1543). Folio (319 x 456 mm). 355 leaves and two folding sheets. Roman and italic types, occasional use of Greek and Hebrew types, printed shoulder notes. Woodcut pictorial title, author portrait, and printer’s device; 7 large, 186 mid-sized, and 22 small woodcut initials; more than 200 woodcut illustrations, including 3 full-page skeletons, 14 full-page muscle men, 5 large diagrams of veins and nerves, 10 mid-sized views of the abdomen, 2 mid-sized views of the thorax, 13 mid-sized views of the skull and brain, and numerous smaller views of bones, organs and anatomical parts. All woodcuts and initials up to page 165 in full contemporary hand colour. Contemporary blindstamped leather over wooden boards with bevelled edges, on five raised double bands, with two clasps.

EUR 950,000.00

A truly outstanding copy of one of the greatest and most appealing books in the history of science. Preserved in its original binding with the blindstamped initials of its first owner, the German physician Caspar Neefe (1514-79), and with his handwritten annotations throughout, the present copy is partly coloured by a contemporary artist (including the iconic woodcut used as title page and all anatomical illustrations up to page 165). Caspar Neefe, who later served as personal physician to Duke Albert I of Saxony, acquired the precious volume only a year after its publication and obviously consulted it extensively throughout his career as a medical practitioner. - With the publication of "De humani corporis fabrica" (when he was only twenty-eight) Vesalius revolutionized both the science of anatomy and how it was taught. In his preface he describes his disappointing experiences as a student in Paris and Louvain, stating his intention to reform the teaching of anatomy by giving in this book a complete description of the structure of the human body, thereby drawing attention "to the falsity of Galen’s pronouncements". Vesalius also broke with tradition by performing dissections himself instead of leaving this task to assistants: the striking and dramatic title illustration shows him conducting such a dissection, his hand plunged into a female cadaver (striking in itself, as only the cadavers of executed criminals could be dissected legally and female criminals were rarely executed), surrounded by a seething mass of students. - The "Fabrica" is also revolutionary for "its unprecedented blending of scientific exposition, art and typography" (Norman). The woodcuts by artists of the school of Titian are both iconographically and artistically important. The series of fourteen muscle men show landscapes that, when assembled in reverse order, form a panorama of the Euganean Hills near Padua, a scenery well known to Vesalius while he was at work on the Fabrica. - Of the few copies of the first edition to have come to the market in recent decades, only two were in a contemporary binding. Apart from Vesalius's dedication copy to Emperor Charles V (Christie's New York, 18 March 1998, lot 213: $1,652,500), only a single other partly coloured copy was previously known, a list to which ours must now be added as the third known copy in contemporary colour. - Acquired in 2017; previously in a Tyrolean private medical collection, where the book rested for three generations (erased circular library stamp in the blank lower margin of the title page): an outstanding copy hitherto unknown to scholarship (cf. the recent census published by Dániel Margócsy, University of Cambridge, below; further relevant correpondence with Dr Margócsy is available upon request). Occasional waterstaining to margins, the splendid binding a little rubbed and bumped, but altogether a wonderfully crisp, wide-margined copy of the first edition. Unquestionably the most desirable copy of a milestone in the history of science still in private hands, and likely the most important medical book obtainable for decades to come.
¶ PMM 71. VD 16, V 910. Durling 4577. Cushing VI.A.1. Eimas 281. Norman 2137. Wellcome 6560. Graesse VI.2, 289. Cf. D. Margócsy, M. Somos, S. N. Joffe: "Vesalius' Fabrica: A Report on the Worldwide Census of the 1543 and 1555 Editions", in: Social History of Medicine Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 201–223. For Neefe cf. A. Lesser, Die albertinischen Leibärzte (Petersberg 2015), p. 71-74.

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The only edition of the Mundus Novus illustrated with a globe map
56

Vespucci, Amerigo. Epistola Albericij. De nouo mundo. [Rostock, Hermann Barkhusen], 1505. [Rostock, Hermann Barkhusen], 1505. (8) pp. With large title woodcut, 3 woodcut diagrams and full-page world map on fol. 4v in original colour. 19th century boards with ms. title to cover.

The first (and only) folio edition of Vespucci's "Mundus Novus" (the seventh overall), the celebrated account of his voyage undertaken at the orders of King Manuel I of Portugal in 1502 - a voyage which is still considered one of the most important achievements in the history of exploration and which brought Vespucci immediate fame, ultimately bestowing on him the honour of serving as America's namesake. "Diplomats had vaguely suggested a new world before him, basing their suppositions on reports of Portuguese navigators, but nobody had made statements using words that reveal assurance such as 'Quarta Pars Mundi' [... Vespucci] describes the land they had reached on the 7th of August as 'a continent inhabited by a greater multitude of people and animals than our Europe, or Asia or even Africa' and adds: 'We knew that land to be a continent and not an island'" (Levillier, 39). "Mundus Novus" was "written in 1502 - in Italian or Spanish - and printed - in Latin - between 1503 and 1505" (ibid., 37). Of all these editions, listed by Sabin, the present one is the only one to contain the full-page globe map of the eastern hemisphere, accompanied by a six-line paragraph comparing the ancient knowledge of Ptolemy with the new discoveries. It was on account of this large woodcut map and the title woodcut representing a male and female savage, used here for the first time as well, that the folio size was employed, while all other editions were published in either octavo or quarto formats. The edition also includes Vespucci's famous star diagrams which pioneered navigation in the southern hemisphere. While Vespucci allegedly presented a catalogue of the newly mapped stars to Manuel I of Portugal, this has not survived, and all that has come down to us is his "Mundus Novus", containing the first description (let alone illustration) of the southern sky. - Of the utmost rarity: Sabin records two copies only, to which OCLC adds a third one (NYPL - the only one in America). Globe map centered on the Arabian Peninsula, coloured in yellow, blue, green and red (for the Red Sea) by a strictly contemporary hand. Some soiling and browning with light traces of waterstains; the uppermost line is trimmed throughout with slight loss to the text. Provenance: 1) Contemporary ownership of Johannes Stephanus de Cano on verso of final leaf; extensive annotations in the same hand throughout. The as yet unidentified De Cano was likely of German origin, flourishing in the early 1520s: in his marginalia on. p. a2r, he converts Vespucci's 700 leagues into "350 miliaria germanica", while at the end he adds an extensive note on the siege and conquest of Mexico City by Cortés in 1521 - likely the outstanding event concerning the New World at the time of his reading and writing. His excerpts in the margins are concise and pithy; on the title page he has added another lengthy paragraph about the discovery of America by Columbus in 1492. 2) Stamp of the "Bibliotheca Zaluski", the largest Polish library and one of the earliest public libraries in Europe; dispersed by the Russian army in 1794. 3) German private collection.
¶ VD 16, ZV 15198. Sabin 99334. Cf. R. Levillier, New Light on Vespucci's Third Voyage, in: Imago Mundi 11 (1954), 37-46.

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A large-paper copy from the library of Cardinal Richelieu
57

Vien, Joseph-Marie. Caravanne du Sultan à la Mecque: Mascarade turque... faite à Rome par Messieurs les pensionnaires de l'Académie de France et leurs amis au carnaval de l'année 1748. [Paris, c. 1749]. [Paris, c. 1749]. Folio (368 x 255 mm). Etched and engraved title and 31 etched plates (numbered 1-30 and one unnumbered). Contemp. French red morocco gilt, arms of Louis-François-Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac on covers (Olivier 407, fer 15), within gilt border of Richelieu’s repeated motif of two crossed batons intertwined with an ornamental “R”, repeated with coronet within arabesques at the corners, spine gilt in compartments with same motif.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition; a large-paper copy with Richelieu's arms. Vien's charming series of etchings depicts the costumes worn by members of the French Academy in Rome for a "Turkish masquerade" held during the Carnival celebrations of 1748. This masque is an outstanding example of the influence the orient exerted on western style during the late-Baroque era, showcasing the degree to which cultural transfer was possible and even a matter of enthusiastic adoption by the west but little more than half a century after the siege of Vienna. The elaborate masquerades at the French Academy constituted an important fixture in the Roman calendar. As director of the Academy, Vien organised the masque of 1748, the fabulous costumes of which are presented here, designed, drawn and etched by Vien himself. The costumes in the present suite are "a curious mixture of authentic Turkish habits and European invention" (Blackmer), showing the stock figures of the Turkish court liberally enhanced with elements of Vien's own concoction. The fantastical nature of the creations is a far cry from the sober neo-classical style with which Vien is commonly associated (his pupils included some of the foremost artists of the period, notably Jacques-Louis David). Vien's original drawings and oil paintings for the Mascarade are held by the Musée du Petit Palais; they were exhibited in Berlin in 1989. - Some marginal dampstaining and foxing, binding rebacked retaining most of original spine, corners repaired. This copy commanded $26,000 at Christie's New York in 1997. Provenance: from the library of Louis-François-Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac (1696-1788), a close friend of Louis XV of France, though critical of Madame de Pompadour.
¶ Atabey 1288. Lipperheide Sm 10. Colas 3005 (suggesting the plates are un-numbered). Hiler 879. Le Blanc II, 122, 8-39. Cohen/R. 1014f. Brunet V, 1211. Cf. Blackmer 1730. Cf. Gay 3644. Graesse VI/2, 311 (Paris, Bassan et Poignan).

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Complete with more than 80 views
58

Wagner, Johann Christoph. Delineatio provinciarum Pannoniae et Imperii Turcici in Oriente.... Eine Grundrichtige Beschreibung dess ganzen Aufgangs sonderlich aber dess hochlöblichen Königreichs Ungarn und der ganzen Türckey [...] auch Mohren, Arabern und Tartarn [...]. (Erster und anderer Theil). Augsburg, Jakob Koppmayer, 1685-1687. Augsburg, Jakob Koppmayer, 1685-1687. Folio (230 x 350 mm). Parts 1 and 2 (of 4) in one volume, each with separate title-page printed in red and black. (8), 163, (9), 12 pp. With engraved frontispiece, engr. portrait, 2 folding engr. maps, 46 double-page-sized or folding engr. views of cities and fortresses, naval battles, historical scenes, equestrian portraits, plants, etc. (the Tower of Babylon on two unconjoined plates), 3 engravings in the text, and 12 woodcuts in the text (4 of which are full-page). (4), 140, (4) pp. With engr. frontispiece, 2 double-page-sized engraved maps, and 36 mostly double-page-sized or folded views and plates (including two plates showing two smaller views each). 18th century red half calf over marbled boards.

EUR 12,500.00

Second editions of the first two parts of Wagner's grand description of Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, the Middle East and the Orient. First published in 1684/85, the work catered to a rapidly growing interest in eastern geography and all things oriental in the wake of the 1683 Battle of Vienna and the ongoing Turkish War. While the author would later expand the scope of his work to include India and East Asia, the present set covers the kingdom of Hungary (still largely under Ottoman rule), the Balkan states, the Mediterranean and Anatolia, the Holy Land, Syria and Palestine, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Chaldea, as well as Arabia and parts of Africa. Apart from the prinicpal fortresses in Hungary, views include the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the Egyptian pyramids, Constantinople, Vienna, Rome and Venice, Lepanto, Cairo, Aden, Damascus, Sissek, Nauplia, and Kotor. Camels and crocodiles are illustrated, as are the tamarind tree and other tropical plants, with accompanying descriptions of the Turkish flora and fauna, the Ottoman court, manners, and potentates. An extensive chapter in pt. 1 (pp. 99-109) discusses Arabia, including Mecca and the Hajj. - Binding somewhat rubbed and scuffed. Paper insignificantly browned; untrimmed as issued. A near-contemporary note of acquisition on the pastedown states that the book was bought thus for 8 guilders in Amsterdam on 19 September 1924 from the local bookseller Samuel Schönewald ("Ao. 1724 den 19ten Sept. in Amsterdam von dem Buchführer Samuel Schönewaldt mit den 2ten Theil zusammen gekauft vor 8 fl."). Latterly in the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015), with his handwritten and stamped ownership, dated 1978, to the pastedown. Very well preserved. - Even single vols. are usually never encountered complete with all plates as present, not a single copy with all four volumes in trade or auction of the last decades. The only comparable copy (still lacking vol. IV) was auctioned in 2009 (Sotheby's London, 13.11.2008, GBP 20,000).
¶ VD 17, 3:301648N & cf. 39:135607B. Graesse VI/2, 409. Cat. Fischer Libr. 621. Hiler 889. Lipperheide Lb 22. Nebehay/Wagner 794. Not in Apponyi, Colas, Cordier, Ibrahim-Hilmy, Kainbacher, Paulitschke, Payer or Schwab.

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The Turkish War, illustrated with 35 hand-coloured plates
59

Walenta, J(oseph). Sammlung der merkwürdigsten Städte und Festungen, welche in... den Jahren 1788, 1789, und 1790 von den k. k. öesterreichischen und kais. russischen Armee der Pforte abgenommen worden [...]. Prague, Johann Balzer, Caspar Widtmann & Joseph Walenta, 1790. Prague, Johann Balzer, Caspar Widtmann & Joseph Walenta, 1790. Small oblong folio (318 x 192 mm). 2 parts in 1 volume. 60 pp. With engraved title, 12 views and 4 plans, all engraved and in original hand colour. (2), 68 pp. With 13 views and 6 plans, one of which folded, all engraved and in original hand colour. Contemporary marbled boards.

EUR 12,500.00

A rare and appealing, ambitiously illustrated volume about the Austro-Turkish and Russo-Turkish Wars taking place concurrently between 1787 and 1792, when the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II and Russian empress Catherine the Great fought as allies against the Ottoman Empire. The text gives an account of the military operations; the 35 coloured engravings by Anton Balzer show plans and views of towns, fortresses, field camps and battles near Belgrade, Gradiska, Bucarest, Khotyn, Dreznik castle, Dubica, Foksan, Calafat, Novi Sad, Orsova, Ochakiv, Zemun and other places, as well as on the Black Sea. - The trigger for the escalation of the conflict was the Russian annexation of the Crimea in 1783: the peninsula was part of the Ottoman Empire, and when Russia was pressured again to surrender it along with its possessions near the Black Sea, Catherine declared war. After years of fighting which involved heavy losses, Joseph's younger brother and successor Leopold II made peace with the Ottoman Empire in 1791 by the Treaty of Sistova. Austria gave up all conquered territories, keeping only Orsowa on the northern shore of the Danube. In the following year, Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Jassy, recognizing the Russian annexation of the Crimea and other formerly Ottoman territories along the Black Sea. Catherine's goal of weakening the Ottoman Empire had not been achieved. In the aftermath of the war Turkish ambassies were established in Vienna, London, Paris and Berlin, thus more strongly embedding the Ottoman Empire into the European powers. Also, the Ottoman military, whose backwardness had been exposed by the war, was thoroughly reformed. - Slight flaws to spine-ends, otherwise well preserved. Interior shows occasopnal light browning and foxing; traces of earlier block-stitiching along the gutter. Engraved title bound after the first letterpress half-title. From the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his handwritten and stamped ownership to the flyleaf.
¶ Lipperheide 2113 (= Qc 10; s. v. Balzer). Colas 205. VD 18, 10049835.

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One of the best English 19th century accounts of Arabia and the Gulf
60

Wellsted, J[ames] R[aymond]. Travels to the City of the Caliphs, along... the Shores of the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean. Including a Voyage to the Coast of Arabia, and a Tour on the Island of Socotra. London, Henry Colburn, 1840. London, Henry Colburn, 1840. Large 8vo. 2 vols. XIII, (3), 405, (1) pp. VIII, 347, (1) pp. With 2 lithogr. frontispieces and a folding map of the Arabian Peninsula. Contemp. blindstamped cloth with gilt title to spine.

EUR 6,000.00

Only edition. One of the best English 19th-c. accounts of Arabia and the Gulf. Wellsted's short career was almost entirely devoted to the surveying of the Red Sea, Arabia and Oman, undertaken on a number of expeditions between 1830 and 1837. On board the surveying ship Palinurus he was the first European to set foot in the interior of Oman. Starting late in 1835 from the easternmost point of Oman, Wellsted made his way westward through the Jaalan region to the Wahibah Sands and then struck north up the Wadi Batha to Samad. There he was joined by Lieutenant F. Whitelock, also of the Indian Navy, who had set out from Muscat later. Together they reached Nazwa, the ancient capital of Oman, and climbed the lower slopes of the Jabal al-Akhdhar, in central Oman. In January 1836 they arrived on the Al-Batinah coast and then turned west, recrossing the Hajar mountains and emerging on the edge of the Dhaharah, the rocky steppe that stretches west toward the Rub al-Khali. - Bindings rubbed; spines rebacked. Interior somewhat foxed as common. Removed from the Worcester Public Library. Rare; the Peter Hopkirk copy fetched £3,500 at Sotheby's (Oct 14, 1998, lot 1192).
¶ Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 2283. Howgego III, 635. Weber I, 67. Wilson 242. Henze IV, 476. Not in Gay, Blackmer, or Ghani.

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