"Liber Genethliacus" of Abu Bakr al-Hasan
From the Same Press as Copernicus’s "De Revolutionibus"
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Abu Bakr al-Hasan ibn al-Hasib al Harasi (Albubater). [Kitāb al-Mawālīd]. Albubatris astrologi diligentissimi, Liber Genethliacus, sive... De nativitatibus, non solum ingenti rerum scitu dignarum copia, verum etiam iucundissimo illarum ordine conspicuus. Nuremberg, Johann Petreius, 1540. Nuremberg, Johann Petreius, 1540. 4to. (148) pp. With a small floral vignette on the title-page and two woodcut initials. 18th century full vellum with gilt title label on spine.

EUR 9,500.00

First edition under this title, and the definitive edition of the Renaissance. Al-Hasan is "often quoted in astrological works of the Christian middle ages under the name Albubather. He flourished about the middle of the third century A.H., for Ahmad b. Abi Tahir Taifur (died 280 = 893) mentions him in his Kitab Baghdad as a contemporary" (Suter). Notable is the scholar-printer responsible for the work: Johannes Petraeus was soon to cement his historical reputation by printing Copernicus's "De Revolutionibus" (1543). In the present work, Petraeus offers his own justification for printing the work of Al-Hasan alongside such luminaries, for "true majestic Astronomy is on a higher level than the things intelligible to students. However this should not dissuade them from its handmaiden, Astrology, as its fruits and rewards are adjudged to be pure, and itself offering many advantages" (preface to the reader). Astronomy was properly regarded as being essential for deriving accurate figures needed for the sciences of Astrology and Prognostication; a heavily annotated copy of this edition of Al-Hasan is known from Tycho Brahe’s library (cf. Prandtl, Die Bibliothek des Tycho Brahe), and Robert Westman has argued that Copernicus not only embraced astrology but sought to defend it in his "De Revolutionibus" ("Copernicus and the Astrologers", Dibner Library Lecture, 2013). - The important 9th century astrologer and physician Abu Bakr al-Hasan is best known for this work on casting nativities, or divination as to the destinies of newborns, which was "translated by Salio of Padua in or around 1218. The work is extant in a least seven manuscripts and four early printed editions from 1492 to 1540. A treatise in 206 chapters on nativities (birth horoscopes) providing answers to a wide number of questions pertaining to the twelve houses" (The Warburg Institute, Bibliotheca Astrologica Latina). The questions range from correct aspects of insemination and conception to the effects of delayed birth; the effects of the moon and planets on the pregnancy; the feeding of the newborn; and even whether the birth will take place "modestly" or "immodestly". Accoding to Al-Hasan, if Mars and Mercury align, the newborn will unfortunately be a liar; he also gives guidelines for how to determine whether the offspring will be pious; whether s/he will be a "hypocrite"; intelligent; gifted with a keen memory; foolish; faithful; generous; greedy; jealous; beautiful; argumentative; a fornicator; a thief; a sodomist (chapters 37 & 38); and prone to chastity or prone to sins against nature. - OCLC shows one copy in US libraries, at Brown. - Minor dampstaining to blank margin of a handful of leaves, more pronounced on fol. b4, otherwise only very light browning. Contemporary annotation to fol. h1r, a few modern pencil underlinings and marginal marks. 20th century bookplate of the Italian writer Enrico Gaetani to pastedown.
¶ VD 16, A 59. Zinner 1732. Houzeau/Lancaster II, 3941. Lalande p. 60. Sarton I, 603. Aboussouan 6. Rosenthal 3352. Graesse I, 60. Suter, H., "al-Hasan", in: First Encyclopaedia of Islam III, p. 274f. Carmody, Arabic Astronomical and Astrological Sciences in Latin Translation (Berkeley, 1956), pp. 136f., no. 1. Sezgin, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums VII, p. 123, no. 1.3. Cf. GAL S I, 394.

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A milestone of science, from the library of the Nuremberg humanist Joachim Camerarius
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Agricola, Georg. De re metallica. Basel, J. Froben and N. Episcopius, 1556. Basel, J. Froben and N. Episcopius, 1556. Folio. (10), 538 (but: 502), (74) pp. With 2 (1 folded) woodcut plates and about 280 woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text, partly full-page. Contemporary vellum with ms. title to spine. Edges in blue.

EUR 65,000.00

First edition of "the first systematic treatise on mining and metallurgy, and one of the first technological works of modern times" (PMM), an immaculate copy with outstanding provenance. Dealing with "everything connected with the mining industry and metallurgical processes, including administration, prospecting, the duties of officials and companies, and the manufacture of glass, sulphur and alum" (PMM), Agricola's main work paved the way for further systematic study of the earth and of its rocks, minerals, fossils, refinery and oil. Illustrated with 2 plates (one folding) and more than 280 woodcuts in the text attributed to Hans Rudolf Manuel Deutsch (1525-72), some very large, showing the different stages of the extraction and transformation of metals. - From the library of the famous German physician and botanist Joachim Camerarius the Younger (1534-98) with his autograph ownership to the title page ("Joachimo Joach[imi] F[ilio] Camerario"; the Morgan Library holds another book from his library with an identical inscription, cf. Accession no. PML 129904) and a very few underlinings and marginalia most likely also in his hand. Unidentified 18th c. engraved bookplate with the motto "similare nescit" on verso of title. Acquired from the library of Werner Habel, with his stamp, signature and acquisition date (1977) to front pastedown. First and final pages very lightly brownstained in the edges, otherwise clean and crisp throughout. Complete with the two inserted plates following page 100. A very appealing, wide-margined copy in its first binding.
¶ PMM 79. Adams A 349. Sparrow (Milestones of Science), 4 and pl. 26.

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An illustrated Latin manuscript of Al Madkhal, bound with occult texts by Raymund Lull and others
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Al-Qabisi, Abu Al Saqr 'Abd Al-'Aziz Ibn 'Uthman Ibn 'Ali [Alchabitius]). Libellus isagogicus (Al-madkhal), with the commentary of Johannes... de Saxonia and additional works on astronomy, medicine and logic, compiled by Hieronymus Paulus of Limburg. Latin manuscript. Likely Germany (Limburg an der Lahn), 1500-1524. Likely Germany (Limburg an der Lahn), 1500-1524. Folio (220 x 305 mm). Latin composite manuscript (black ink) on paper. (100), (7 blank) ff. Some rubrication and red highlights; a few initials in gilt and red or blue. - (Bound with) II: Rolewinck, Werner. Fasciculus temporum. Cologne, Ludwig von Renchen?, not after 1483. (73 [instead of 74]) ff. With numerous woodcuts in the text, coloured by a contemporary hand. Index and first half rubricated, a few Lombardic initials. Contemporary wooden boards (upper board restored) with calf spine on three raised double bands. Stored in custom-made cloth box.

EUR 165,000.00

Early 16th century Latin manuscript of al-Qabisi's most influential work, "al-Madkhal" (in the translation of Joannes Hispalensis from 1144): an introduction to of some of the fundamental principles of genethlialogy, the astrological science of casting nativities, or divination as to the destinies of newborns. The author, known as Alchabitus in the Latin tradition, flourished in Aleppo, Syria, in the middle of the tenth century. "Although al-Qabisi's education was primarily in geometry and astronomy, his principal surviving treatise, 'Al-madkhal ila sina'at ahkam al-nujum' ('Introduction into the Art of Astrology') in five sections [...], is on astrology. The book, as the title indicates, is an introductory exposition of some of the fundamental principles of genethlialogy; its present usefulness lies primarily in its quotations from the Sassanian Andarzghar literature and from al-Kindi, the Indians, Ptolemy, Dorotheus of Sidon, Masha'allah, Hermes Trismegistus, and Valens" (DSB). Together with the writings of Abu Ma'shar and Sacrobosco's "Sphaera mundi", "al Madkhal" became Europe's authoritative introduction to astrology between the 13th and the 16th century. - Al-Qabisi's text (fol. 28r-50v) is followed by the extensive commentary of Johannes de Saxonia (51r-100r). In addition, the manuscript comprises a number of shorter additional parts, worked upon by various hands and prefixed to the "Madkhal": 1. Ramon Lull. Ars brevis ("Incipit ars brevis artis generalis ad omnes sciencias"). With several diagrams and tables in the text (fol. 1r-13r). Thorndike/K. 1315. - 2. Macer Floridus. "Herbarum quasdam dicturus carmine vires" (fol. 14r-21r). Thorndike/K. 610. Departs from the text of Choulant's 1832 edition. With later annotations, including German translations of plant names. - 3. German recipes (fol. 21r). - 4. "Nota dignas regulas de tempore flembotome multum utilis" (fol. 21v). - 5. "Prima dies vene sit moderatio cene" (fol. 21v). Six verses on phlebotomy. Thorndike/K. 1090. - 6. De temporis aptis pro flebotomia ("Rogatus a quibusdam et de tempore minucionis aliquid edocerem volens", fol. 22r-25v). A part from Johannes de Procida's "De occultis nature". Thorndike/K. 1364. - 7. De sortibus cum tabulis ("Quia verissime omnis sciencie perfecta congregacionis", fol. 25v-26r). Thorndike/K. 1226. Followed by astrological tables and diagrams with instructions for use. - 8. A short ophthalmological prescription ("Aqua sodalis", fol. 26r). - 9. Alexander Hispanus. "Melleus liquor physicae artis" (fol. 26v). Recipes relating to urine and fever. The front flyleaf bears a contemporary table of Lullist philosophical terms (likely corresponding to the "Ars brevis" opposite) and a verse against astrology in a late 17th century hand. - The editio princeps of Al-Qabisi's "Al Madkhal" had appeared at Mantua in 1473. The present text and commentary would appear to be derived from the Ratdolt edition published at Venice in 1485 (GW 844), or possibly from that published by Gregorius de Gregorii in 1491 (GW 845). The compiler Hieronymus Paulus of Limburg states his name twice (with the date): in the colophon, he substitutes his own name for that of the printer; he also appears at the end of Al-Qabisi's text on fol. 50v ("Finit textes Alkabicii per me Hieronymum Pauli anno salutis 1520"). A similar composite manuscript ("Introductiones ad astrologiam") written by the same Paulus is in the New York Public Library, Spencer Coll. Ms. 51: here, too, the writer has added various parts and annotations. Krämer (Scriptores possessoresque codicum medii aevi) references a third ms. compiled by Paulus, a Sammelhandschrift with mathematical texts (Wiesbaden, Landesbibliothek, Ms. 79), but this was lost in WWII. - Bound at the end of the volume is one of the many incunabular editions of the "Fasciculus temporum", Rolewinck's popular history of the world from Creation to Pope Sixtus IV, in an appealingly coloured copy with several early 16th century marginalia, possibly also in Paulus's hand (flaw to upper corner of a2, rebacked with some loss to text, and rebacked flaw to blank lower corner of b8; wants first blank; final leaf of the index, bound at the end, shows fraying and some loss, rebacked). - Some light browning and dampstaining throughout. Binding professionally repaired. Provenance: old sanguine inventory no. "22" on fol. 1r. Front pastedown has fragment of engraved armorial bookplate of Elector Johann Friedrich von Ostein (1689-1763), Archbishop of Mainz. His nephew Johann Franz von Ostein (1735-1809), Imperial counsellor and chamberlain, was married to Louise Charlotte von Dalberg, whose family inherited the library after the death of her husband, by which his line was extinguished. The noble family of Dalberg owned several properties in Germany and Austria; the present volume was long kept in the library of one of their smaller castles in Lower Austria before being sold to a Swiss private collection, whence it was now acquired.
¶ I: Thorndike-Kibre 1078, 351, 1713, 913. - II: HC 6914. Goff R-269. GW M38689. Proctor 1284. BMC I, 269.

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Al-Zarquali's astronomical tables revised for Emperor Frederick II:
a precious Renaissance manuscript commissioned by a Roman senator, illuminated and signed by the scribe
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Bianchini, Giovanni. Tabulae de motibus planetarum. [Ferrara, ca 1475]. [Ferrara, ca 1475]. Folio (242 x 340 mm). Latin manuscript on paper. 160 leaves (complete including four blank leaves at the beginning and six at the end). Written in brown ink in a neat humanistic hand, double columns, 37 lines to each page, numerous two and three line initials supplied in red or blue. With one large illuminated initial and coat of arms of the Scalamonte family flanked by floral decoration on first leaf, painted in shades of blue, green and lilac and heightened in burnished gold. With altogether 231 full-page tables in red and brown, some marginal or inter-columnar annotations, and one extended annotation on final leaf. Fifteenth century blind stamped goat skin over wooden boards, remains of clasps.

EUR 280,000.00

The so-called Toledan Tables are astronomical tables used to predict the movements of the Sun, Moon and planets relative to the fixed stars. They were completed around the year 1080 at Toledo by a group of Arab astronomers, led by the mathematician and astronomer Al-Zarqali (known to the Western World as Arzachel), and were first updated in the 1270s, afterwards to be referred to as the "Alfonsine Tables of Toledo". Named after their sponsor King Alfonso X, it "is not surprising that" these tables "originated in Castile because Christians in the 13th century had easiest access there to the Arabic scientific material that had reached its highest scientific level in Muslim Spain or al-Andalus in the 11th century" (Goldstein 2003, 1). The Toledan Tables were undoubtedly the most widely used astronomical tables in medieval Latin astronomy, but it was Giovanni Bianchini whose rigorous mathematical approach made them available in a form that they could finally be used by early modern astronomy. - Bianchini was in fact "the first mathematician in the West to use purely decimal tables" and decimal fractions (Feingold, 20) by applying with precision the tenth-century discoveries of the Arab mathematician Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqilidisi, which had been further developed in the Islamic world through the writings of Al-Kashi and others (cf. Rashed, 88 and 128ff.). Despite the fact that they had been widely discussed and applied in the Arab world throughout a period of five centuries, decimal fractions had never been used in the West until Bianchini availed himself of them for his trigonometric tables in the "Tabulae de motis planetarum". It is this very work in which he set out to achieve a correction of the Alfonsine Tables by those of Ptolemy. "Thorndike observes that historically, many have erred by neglecting, because of their difficulty, the Alfonsine Tables for longitude and the Ptolemaic for finding the latitude of the planets. Accordingly, in his Tables Bianchini has combined the conclusions, roots and movements of the planets by longitude of the Alfonsine Tables with the Ptolemaic for latitude" (Tomash, 141). - The importance of the present work, today regarded as representative of the scientific revolutions in practical mathematics and astronomy on the eve of the Age of Discovery, is underlined by the fact that it was not merely dedicated but also physically presented by the author to the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in person on the occasion of Frederick's visit to Ferrara. In return for his "Tabulae", a "book of practical astronomy, containing numbers representing predicted times and positions to be used by the emperor's […] astrologers in managing the future" (Westman, 10ff.), Bianchini was granted a title of nobility by the sovereign. - For Regiomontanus, who studied under Bianchi together with Peurbach, the author of the "Tabulae" counted as the greatest astronomer of all time, and to this day Bianchini's work is considered "the largest set of astronomical tables produced in the West before modern times" (Chabbas 2009, VIII). Even Copernicus, a century later, still depended on the "Tabulae" for planetary latitude (cf. Goldstein 2003, 573), which led to Al-Zarquali's Tables - transmitted in Bianchini's adaption - ultimately playing a part in one of the greatest revolutions in the history of science: the 16th century shift from Geocentrism to the heliocentric model. - In the year 1495, some 20 years after our manuscript was written, Bianchini's Tables were printed for the first time, followed by editions in 1526 and 1563. Apart from these printed versions, quite a few manuscript copies of his work are known in western libraries - often comprising only the 231 full-page Tables but omitting the 68-page introductory matter explaining how they were calculated and meant to be used, which is present in our manuscript. Among the known manuscripts in public collections is one copied by Regiomontanus, and another written entirely in Copernicus' hand (underlining the significance of the Tables for the scientific revolution indicated above), but surprisingly not one has survived outside Europe. Indeed, the only U.S. copy recorded by Faye (cf. below) was the present manuscript, then in the collection of Robert Honeyman. There was not then, nor is there now, any copy of this manuscript in an American institution. Together with one other specimen in the Erwin Tomash Library, our manuscript is the only preserved manuscript witness for this "crucial text in the history of science" (Goldstein 2003, publisher's blurb) in private hands. Apart from these two examples, no manuscript version of Bianchini's "Tabulae" has ever shown up in trade or at auctions (according to a census based on all accessible sources). - Condition: watermarks identifiable as Briquet 3387 (ecclesiastical hat, attested in Florence 1465) and 2667 (Basilisk, attested to Ferrara and Mantua 1447/1450). Early manuscript astronomical table for the year 1490 mounted onto lower pastedown. Minor waterstaining in initial leaves and a little worming at back, but generally clean and in a fine state of preservation. Italian binding sympathetically rebacked, edges of covers worn to wooden boards. A precious manuscript, complete and well preserved in its original, first binding. Provenance: 1) Written ca 1475 by Francesco da Quattro Castella (his entry on fol. 150v) for 2) Marco Antonio Scalamonte from the patrician family of Ancona, who became a senator in Rome in 1502 (his illuminated coat of arms on fol. 1r). 3) Later in an as yet unidentified 19th century collection of apparently considerable size (circular paper label on spine "S. III. NN. Blanchinus. MS.XV. fol. 43150"). 4) Robert Honeyman, Jr. (1928-1987), probably the most prominent U.S. collector of scientific books and manuscripts in the 20th century, who "had a particular interest in astronomy" (S. Horobin, 238), his shelf mark "Astronomy MS 1" on front pastedown. 5) Honeyman Collection of Scientific Books and Manuscripts, Part III, Sotheby's, London, Wed May 2, 1979, lot 1110, sold to 6) Alan Thomas (1911-1992), his catalogue 43.2 (1981), sold to 7) Hans Peter Kraus (1907-1988), sold to 8) UK private collection.
¶ Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabas, 'Ptolemy, Bianchini and Copernicus: Tables for Planetary Latitudes,' Archive for the History of Exact Sciences, vol. 58, no. 5 (July 2004), pp. 553-573. Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabas, Alfonsine Tables of Toledo (= Dordrecht-Boston-Londres, Kluwer Academic Publishers ("Archimedes, New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology" 8), 2003. José Chabás & Bernard R. Goldstein, The Astronomical Tables of Giovanni Bianchini (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2009). Thorndike, 'Giovanni Bianchini in Paris Mss,' Scripta Mathematica 16 (1950) 69ff. & his 'Giovanni Bianchini in Italian Mss.,' Scripta Mathematica 19 (1953) 5-17. Rashed, Development of Arabic Mathematics: Between Arithmetic and Algebra. Boston, 2013. Mordechai Feingold & Victor Navarro-Brotons, Universities and Science in the Early Modern Period. Boston 2006. R. Westman, Copernicus and the Astrologers. Smithsonian 2016. M. Williams, The Erwin Tomash Library on the History of Computing, 2008, 141. Simon Horobin & Linne Mooney, English Texts in Transition: A Festschrift Dedicated to Toshiyuki Takamiya on his 70th Birthday. Woodbridge 2014. Silvia Faschi, Prima e dopo la raccolta: diffusione e circolazione delle Satyrae, di Francesco Filelfo. Spunti dall' epistolario edito ed ineditio. In: Medioevo e Rinascimento. XIV, n.s. XI (2000), 147-166 (mentioning a connection between the Italian Humanist and Marco Antonio Scalamonte). C. U. Faye & W. H. Bond, Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (1962), p. 21, no. 12 (this manuscript).

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Rare news of Albuquerque's conquests in the East
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[Albuquerque, Afonso de] - Manuel I, King of Portugal. Epistola potentissimi ac invictissimi Emanuelis Regis Portugaliae et... Algarbiorum etc. de victoriis habitis in India et Malacha. (Vienna, Hieronymus Vietor & Johannes Singriener, 16. IX. 1513). (Vienna, Hieronymus Vietor & Johannes Singriener, 16. IX. 1513). 4to. (8) pp. Modern brown half calf over marbled boards with gilt spine title.

EUR 75,000.00

A highly important letter by King Manuel to Pope Leo X, reporting on the great victories of Don Afonso de Albuquerque in India, especially the conquest of Malacca in 1511. Albuquerque (1453-1515) advanced the three-fold Portuguese grand scheme of combatting Islam and securing the trade of spices and the establishment of a vast Portuguese Asian empire. He was the first European to enter the Arabian Gulf, led the first voyage by a European fleet into the Red Sea, and was also the first westerner to reach the coast of South-Eastern Arabia. This very rare Viennese edition (the fourth altogether) was printed in the same year as the original Rome edition. The preface states that the text from which it was set was sent from Rome to Georg Slatkonia, Bishop of Vienna. "Of this edition, copies must have been so rare even as early as the late 16th century, that neither Andreas and Franz Schott nor Pistorius had knowledge of it. Necessarily, this increases the value of the present edition" (Denis, p. 83). - Some dampstaining in the margins; lower edge shows slight paper flaws. Old ownership in ink, dated 1600, in margin of final page. Latterly in the library of Swedish antiquarian bookdealer Björn Löwendahl (1941-2013).
¶ VD 16, P 4374. Denis p. 82, no. 86. Not in Adams or BM-STC German.

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Portuguese classic of Arabian travel, the rare first edition
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Andrade, Jacinto Freyre de. Vida de Dom João de Castro Quarto Viso-Rey... da India Escrita por Jacinto Freyre de Andrada. Lisbon, Officina Craesbeeckiana, 1651. Lisbon, Officina Craesbeeckiana, 1651. Small folio (210 x 280 mm). (8), 444, (48) pp. With separate engr. title page, eng. portrait fater the preliminaries and full-page woodcut on p. 59. Contemporary limp vellum with remains of ties.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition, very rarely seen in trade or auction and only 4 copies recorded in the US according to OCLC. - "Cette biographie est un des livres classiques de la langue portugaise" (Brunet). Includes an account of the battles at Ormuz between the Turks and the Arabs. Dom João de Castro (1500-48) was a naval officer and later Viceroy of Portuguese India. In 1538 he embarked on his first voyage to India, arriving at Goa and immediately proceeding to the defense of Diu. Castro was responsible for the overthrow of Mahmud, King of Gujarat whose interests threatened Portuguese control of the Goan coast. His voyages frequently took him to the coasts of Arabia, and his present biography contains many details about the Peninsula, especially about Aden and the sea route to Mecca. Castro died in Goa in 1548 and was initially buried there, but his remains were later exhumed and transferred to Portugal. - Contemporary ink ownership to printed title. Binding loosened in places, still a good, wide-margined copy.
¶ Atabey 462. Brunet I, 263. Graesse I, 118. Pinto de Mattos p.23 ("os exemplares desta edio, so raros e estimados").

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One of fifty copies
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[Anglo-Iranian Oil Company Ltd. - John Vernon Harrison]. Geological Air Photographs of South West Persia. No place, Anglo-Iranian Oil Company Ltd., ca 1949. No place, Anglo-Iranian Oil Company Ltd., ca 1949. Oblong folio (590 x 330 mm). 94 black-and white photographic prints (30 laid down and 64 loose in cellophane wallets, dimensions from 25 x 22 cm to ca 23.5 x 16.5 cm), including several stereopairs, on 47 card leaves. Includes 34 colour-keyed diagrams. In burgundy faux leather binding, attached with black strap and buckle, stamped in gilt on front board. Text and diagrams printed on paper, cut to size and laid down, with photos (many with accompanying printed tracings) either laid down or loose in cellophane wallets.

EUR 8,500.00

A substantial volume containing nearly a century of "Geological Air Photographs of South West Persia" with accompanying text and colour-keyed diagrams. One of 50 copies, numbered "11". These elaborate sets were likely prepared under the direction of the geologist and explorer J. V. Harrison (1892-1972) for the use of geology students. As the introduction states, "There are few countries in the world where geological structure is more magnificently displayed than in South West Persia [...] This album contains a representative selection of interesting and informative geological air photographs of South West Persia arranged, with generalised descriptive data, in such a way that they can be studied without other assistance. It is thought that it will not only prove useful to students but will also provide an understanding of the nature of the country which can otherwise only be obtained by much travel and field work." - The volume begins with "Generalised Stratigraphy and Legend" (with colour key) and "Photogrammetric Notes". The following material is divided into three main sections, each with its own table of contents, and a total of 42 numbered subsections: 1) "Obliques Only", in 17 numbered parts; 2) "Obliques and Verticals", in 15 numbered parts; 3) "Verticals", in 10 numbered parts. Around 40 of the photographs are accompanied by a semi-transparent guard on which a tracing of significant features has been made. Many of the colour-keyed diagrams (those dated between 1931 and 1935) ascribed to Harrison, others to J. P. Verteuil (dated to May 1949), J. Nason-Jones (December 1925) P. T. Cox (one dated to May 1946), A. Allison and V. H. Boileau, and another "after Lehner 1938". Undated, but certainly dating from after June 1949, as it contains a reference to a "recent paper" of that date, and before 1951, when the company was nationalized by the Iranian Parliament and the British withdrew from Iran (the company was renamed "British Petroleum" in 1954). - It was the decade Harrison spent in Persia that saw his greatest geological achievements and his emergence as one of the great structural geologists of his time. In his entry on Harrison in the Oxford DDB, Prof. E. A. Vincent states that it was "the work in Persia for which he became best-known. Harrison's gifts of observation coupled with vivid geological imagination enabled him to visualize in three dimensions the large-scale geological structures with which he was confronted [...] and the sometimes singular processes which had given rise to them. Striking results emerged from arduous fieldwork carried out in the roughest of terrains; it is said that many mules died nobly in Harrison's service in Persia". - Lightly aged and worn, 5 photographs missing and slight damage to a couple of others, as well as to a few of the guards and the thumb index. In fair condition. Withdrawn bookplate of King's College Library, London, on front pastedown, and small neat stamp in gilt on front board. No copy at the British Library; only six copies on OCLC WorldCat and COPAC.

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Building the largest masonry dam in the world
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[Aswan Dam Construction]. A collection of more than 250 vintage photographs... of the construction of the Aswan Dam. Upper Egypt, ca. 1899-1910. Upper Egypt, ca. 1899-1910. A total of 267 photographs of construction work on the Aswan Dam. Comprises 190 large photographs (ca 25 x 30 cm), frequently with captions in the negative, mainly by D. S. George but also including A. Gianny and G. Kemble Bolam of Cairo (56 tipped in to an album and captioned, 21 loosely inserted within another album, 108 stored loosely within a portfolio, a 5 separately matted). Also, 77 smaller photographs (gelatin prints) of the dam and its environs, ca 15 x 18 cm (including a few duplicates), in an envelope.

EUR 9,500.00

An impressive collection of photographs detailing the construction and opening of the Aswan Low Dam between 1899 and 1902 and of the work to raise it in 1907-1912. The images (frequently captioned in English on reverse) include views of the navigation channel in various stages of completion, the countless hundreds of local workers toiling in the unfinished West Channel and on the masonry of Bab el Maroum, the locks, trenches, Asyut Barrage, the acculmulator house, the inauguration ceremony, but also a friendly football match between the "10th Soudanese Regiment (Blacks)" and the "Whites" (final score: Blacks 0, Whites 5). A stark panoramic shot shows the solar eclipse of 28 May 1900 above the Mohammed Ali Channel, seen from Awad. - Owing to its rainless climate Egypt has always depended on the annual flooding of the Nile for irrigation. The Aswan dam was designed by eminent British engineers to provide storage of annual floodwater and to augment dry season flows; construction about 1000 km up the river from Cairo was begun in February 1899 by the London-based contractor John Aird & Co. Nothing of its scale had ever been attempted; on completion, it was the largest masonry dam in the world. It created an artificial lake extending 200 miles up the valley, partly submerging Ptolemy's temple on the island of Philae. The 1.25 mile-long dam with 180 sluice gates cost 3 million pounds sterling. It was opened by the Khedive on 10 December 1902. Originally limited in height by conservation concerns, the dam worked as designed but provided inadequate storage capacity for planned development and was raised between 1907 and 1912. The heightening still did not meet irrigation demands, and in the 1960s the Aswan High Dam was built 6 km upstream. - A few nicks along the edges, some gelatin prints somewhat faded and with occasional creases. Mats generally foxed, with some foxing to the matted images, but on the whole an outstandingly preserved ensemble printed in rich, crisp detail.

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The Father of Empiricism
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Bacon, Francis, English philosopher, statesman, and scientist (1561-1626). Letter signed and subscribed ("assured/ fr. verulam Canc[ellarius]").... Gorhambury, 3. VIII. 1619. Gorhambury, 3. VIII. 1619. Folio. 1 page. With integral address leaf.

EUR 28,000.00

Letter signed and subscribed ("assured/ fr. verulam Canc[ellarius]"), as Baron Verulam and Lord Chancellor, to Lord Zouch, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, notifying him of a forthcoming legal case affecting his prerogative: "There are protest gone out at Mr Attorney Generalls prayer against Hugh Hugginson and Josias Ente concerning the busines against the Dutchmen in Starchamber. Out of a desire to extened the ancient priviledges and customes due to your place not to serve such protest within your jurisdiction without your leave and contente, I have thought it good hereby to desire your Lordship for his Majesties service, that you would cause them forthwith to be sent papers to answer Mr Attorneys Bill and abide such further proceedings as their case shall require". - Written in a secretary hand, with the place, date and closing in an italic hand, as is Bacon's signature and subscription; contemporary endorsement. - From the Spiro Family Collection (Christie's, London, 3 December 2003, lot 59).
¶ Printed by Spedding; two other manuscript sources (although not our original) are listed by the online CELL calendar, The Correspondence of Francis Bacon.

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Albuquerque's expedition to the Arabian Gulf
10

Barros, João de. Decada primeira (-terceira) da Asia. Lisbon, Jorge Rodriguez for Antonio Gonsalvez, 1628. Lisbon, Jorge Rodriguez for Antonio Gonsalvez, 1628. Large 4to. 3 vols. (7), 208 ff. (2), 238 ff. (10), 262 ff. Title vignettes (royal arms of Portugal). Without the folding plan present in some copies. Uniform contemporary limp vellum with Iberian handwritten spine titles and traces of ties. All edges red.

EUR 12,500.00

Second edition of the first three "Decades" on Portugal's Middle Eastern enterprises, all that was published during the lifetime of the author (a fourth volume was produced posthumously in 1615, and the set was continued by other hands). "This is considered by Du Fresnoy as being a good edition of the three first decades" (Clarke, The Progress of Maritime Discovery, p. 132). The writer de Barros (1496-1570), head agent for the Portuguese overseas trade authority "Casa da Índia", managed to persuade King João III to commission from him a history of the Portuguese in India (including Asia and southeast Africa). The result, published between 1552 and 1563, earned him renown as one of the first great Portuguese historians, and the the title of a "Portuguese Livy". The 'Decades' contain "the early history of the Portuguese in India and Asia and reveal careful study of Eastern historians and geographers, as well as of the records of his own country. They are distinguished by clearness of exposition and orderly arrangement. They are also lively accounts" (Enc. Britannica). Books 2 and 3 of the "Decada Segunda" (fols. 21 ff.) offer a detailed narrative of Afonso de Albuquerque's expedition to the Arabian Gulf and his conquest of Ormuz in 1507; the island remained under Portuese occupation from 1515 to 1622. As vassals of the Portuguese state, the Kingdom of Ormuz jointly participated in the 1521 invasion of Bahrain that ended Jabrid rule of the Arabian archipelago. - From the library of the Spanish Dukes of Medinaceli y Santisteban (their engraved armorial bookplate on the pastedowns); olf shelfmark on flyleaves. Occasional slight browning, but a very good set.
¶ Palau I.181b. Howgego I, B34, p. 91. Arouca B 56-58. Löwendahl, Sino-Western Cultural Relations I, p. 42, no. 75. OCLC 4507939. Cf. Macro 474.

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A Major Ottoman-Venetian Border Scandal of 1622
11

Bevilacqua, Melchiorre. Oratione [...] nelle nozze della Signora Cattarina Sattorovichia... figliuola del Sangiaco di Clissa, di natione Turca, & hora Christiana. Recitata da lui il primo giorno di Agosto 1622 nella chiesa delle Citelle di Venetia alla Giudeca. Venice, Varischi, 1623. Venice, Varischi, 1623. 4to. 13 (paginated "9" in error), (3) pp. Woodcut printer's device to title page, large woodcut initials. Contemporary orange paper wrappers with floral designs stamped in black and white.

EUR 2,800.00

Very scarce work about Cattarina Santorovichia, a Turkish girl from the Ottoman sandjak of Clissa (Klis) north of Spalato (Split) in Dalmatia, who crossed into Venetian territory and converted to Christianity. Mihale Satorovic, as she was born, was from a respected and well-connected Turkish family, the daughter of Ahmed Aga, an officer in the local garrison of Clissa, and the affair provoked a major international incident. "Although Venice had been at peace with the Ottoman Empire for almost half a century, the Spalato border was a sensitive area where tensions occasionally flared" (Dursteler, 63). When the girl disappeared in late December 1621, her parents immediately feared that she had been kidnapped and taken to the Venetian side - a relatively frequent phenomenon on the border that occurred for a variety of reasons. Although it was soon established that the girl had not been forcibly abducted, but rather had fled her home of her own free will so as to become a Christian, Muslim sensitivities were ignited. On 23 January 1622 Mihale was baptized "Cattarina" in Spalato, and the attendant ceremonies only intensified the anger on the Ottoman side: indeed, "immediately following Mihale's flight, eight Venetian subjects from the neighboring town of Trau were taken hostage in relatiation" (67), and the threat of military violence caused the Venetians to deploy six armed ships to Spalato. "The flight of Mihale Satorivic was an extremely serious affair that dragged out over five years, and eventually engaged the Ottoman and Venetian military forces, as well as the highest officials in the region and in the respective imperial capitals" (68). - The present oration that recounts part of the girl's history is an important source about the affair. While the occasion is here termed "nozze", it is clearly not a wedding (not even one "con la chiesa"), but apparently closer to a confirmation rite celebrated for the recently converted girl. The author was the parish priest at S. Eufemia in Giudecca, Venice, and dedicates his work to Giovanni Cornaro, Procurator of S. Marco. - Remains of an old label on the title-page. An excellent copy. Extremely rare; ICCU lists a single copy in Italy (Biblioteca nazionale Marciana, Venezia).
¶ ICCU VEAE128667. Cf. Eric Dursteler, Renegade Women (Baltimore, 2011), pp. 62ff.

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Editio princeps of the Gospels in Arabic (Darlow/M.)
12

[Biblia arabica - NT]. Evangelium Sanctum Domini nostri Iesu Christi conscriptum a... quatuor Evangelistis sanctis, id est Matthaeo, Marco, Luca et Iohanne. Rome, typographia Medicea, 1590(-1591). Rome, typographia Medicea, 1590(-1591). Folio. 368 pp. With 149 large woodcuts. Early 19th century auburn morocco with gilt spine, ornamental gilt borders and blindstamped cover ornaments. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 28,000.00

Rare first edition of the Gospels in Arabic; the first work to be issued from the Medicean Press, directed by G. B. Raimondi. Printed in Granjon's famous large fount, generally considered the first satisfactory Arabic printing type and appears here for the first time. Apart from the Latin title and colophon, the book is in Arabic throughout. Also in 1591 an Arabic-Latin edition was issued, more common than the present one and reprinted in 1619 and 1774. Illustrated with 149 large woodcuts from 67 blocks by Leonardo Parasole after Antonio Tempesta. - Some various browning throughout as common; slight waterstaining near end. Old ownership stamps of the "Collegium Missionum Nigritiae" on title page; includes photocopy of ownership transferral by the Biblioteca Seminario Vescovile of Verona. An uncommonly appealingly bound example. The Hauck copy fetched $75,000 at Sotheby's in 2006.
¶ Adams B 1822. Mortimer 64. Darlow/Moule 1636. Fück 54. Schnurrer 318. Smitskamp 374.

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Monumental letter of indulgence, intended for display at a church door in Bavaria
13

Boniface VIII, Pope (ca 1230-1303). Letter of indulgence for the church "Beati Nicolai"... at the monastery of Scheyern, in the diocese of Constance. St Peter, Rome, 1298. St Peter, Rome, 1298. Manuscript on vellum. A parchment leaf of 46 x 67 cm. 13 lines. With 9 (of 12) wax seals on silk strings (2 loose, 1 in fragments). Stored in cloth box.

EUR 25,000.00

A fine and generously written pre-Avignon collective episcopal indulgence in gothic minuscle, with a very large "U" initial ("Universis") in the same ink, decorated with minute blank designs, including a flower bud in the left shaft. The fairly thin initial suggests a scribe not yet fully accustomed to large-scale designs. The ascenders of his normal-sized letters, however, are decoratively and professionally executed with a sweeping arch to the right showing a circle or dot topped with a curved line, reminiscent of a pictographic face shown in profile. - The Scheyern monastery was founded by the Benedictine order in 1119. Well known as a place of pilgrimage, it was an important cultural center, especially due to its illuminated manuscripts. This letter of indulgence was issued during the papacy of Boniface VIII (1294-1303), best remembered for his feuds with King Philip IV of France and for being placed in the Eighth Circle of Hell by his contemporary, Dante Alighieri. Twelve different bishops grant this 40-day indulgence to all the faithful who visit the Scheyern church at Christmas, Easter, Pentecost and other feast days and contribute to the cost of the decoration. - Collective epicscopal indulgences such as this are remarkable for their sheer size and the number of their seals; Seibold (2001) calculated their average size for the pre-Avignon period as 374 x 580 mm (Sammelindulgenzen, p. 55). Indeed, they were always intended for display, to be suspended from poles or even draped above the church door on the relevant days (some examples even preserve the loops for hanging up). Their text was supposed to be legible from a distance, which explains the large spaces between the lines; this also gave the various letters' ascenders and descenders ample room for calligraphic development. The elegant script, as well as the large number of seals, would have been interpreted as an iconic sign not only by the illiterate: hence, scholarship has long regarded such collective indulgences as a type of broadsheet or poster. - 17th century summary in German handwriting on the reverse. In excellent condition; especially uncommon with the wax seals preserved intact.

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Ship of Fools in contemporary calf
14

Brant, Sebastian. Stultifera navis mortalium, in qua fatui affectus, mores... [...] depinguntur [...] et per Iacobum Locher [...] Latinitati donatus [...]. Basel, (Sebastiani Henricpetri, March 1572). Basel, (Sebastiani Henricpetri, March 1572). 8vo. (28) pp., 2 blank ff., 284, (2) pp., final blank leaf. With woodcut title vignette and 115 woodcut text illustrations (6 of which in original hand colour, 1 partly coloured). - (Bound with) II: Lucanus, Marcus Annaeus. De bello civili apud Pharsaliam libri X. Cologne, Walther Fabritius, 1560. (336) pp. With woodcut title vignette. Contemporary blind-tooled calf over wooden boards with bevelled edges and two brass clasps, lozenge-shaped floral roll-tools enclosing plate-stamps of "Justitia" and "Lucrecia", upper cover bearing monogram "ALG" and date "1573".

EUR 3,500.00

A fine, later Latin edition of the famous "Narrenschiff", originally published in German verse in 1494 and translated by the author's student Jacob Locher in 1497. This is the first edition to contain the outstanding narrative woodcuts by Tobias Stimmer (1539-84), showing the fools and their companions in Renaissance costume. The first six illustrations are coloured by a contemporary hand. - One of literature's most famous satires: before Goethe's "Werther" arrived on the scene, this work was the most successful book ever published in Germany. In his "Ship of Fools", Brant describes the voyage of a ship bearing one hundred fools, to the fools' paradise of Narragonia, thereby satirizing the follies of his time including representatives of every human and social type. "[T]he first original work by a German which passed into world literature [... it] helped to blaze the trail that leads from medieval allegory to modern satire, drama and novel of character" (PMM). Erwin Panofsky called the book "a remarkably complete mirror of human life", based upon the "universality of Brant's self-righteous surliness [...] and the picturesqueness of his metaphors" (Panofsky, p. 30). Incidentally, the book also contains the earliest literary reference to the discovery of America: "Hesperiae occiduae rex Ferdinanus, in alto Aequore nunc gentes repperit innumeras" ("Ferdinand, King of the West, recently discovered innumerable peoples across the high seas", p. 132). - Bound with this is an uncommon Cologne edition of Lucanus's epic "Pharsalia", esteemed throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages for its stylistic and historical merits. - Light brownstaining and occasional light waterstains throughout. A few underlinings in red ink to the "Pharsalia". Upper hinge starting, but binding generally in fine condition. Provenance: Handwritten ownership of Virgilius Fetius of Oettingen in Bavaria (gift from Johann Nortman in February 1577), dated 1578, on the flyleaf. Bookplate of the Bohemian industrialist and art collector Karl Adalbert Lanna (1805-66) to front pastedown; a shelfmark, dated 16 March 1888, written on lower flyleaf. Latterly in the library Werner Habel (his ownership stamp to verso of upper flyleaf).
¶ I: VD 16, B 7081. BNHCat B 874. BM-STC German 147. Adams B 2673. - II: VD 16, L 2905 (A 4393). Schweiger II.1, 562. Not in Adams or BM-STC German.

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The only surviving documentation of Mshatta Palace in Jordan
15

Brünnow, Rudolf Ernst / Domaszewski, Alfred von. Die Provincia Arabia. Strasbourg, Trübner, 1904-1909. Strasbourg, Trübner, 1904-1909. Small folio (320 x 246 mm). 3 vols. XXIV, 532, (2) pp. with heliogravure frontispiece, 548 illustrations, 40 plates and maps in the text, and 2 extra maps on 4 ff. XII, 358, (4) pp. with 315 illustrations and 9 plates. XIV, 403, (1) pp. with 257 illustrations and 4 plates. Publisher's original half vellum and green boards.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition: rare. A remarkably well-illustrated archaeological survey of sites in Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon, particularly valued for its account of Petra and of the palace of Mshatta in Jordan, a great monument of early Islamic art. With over 1100 half tone illustrations, many full-page, and numerous splendidly produced plates (some folding or double-page, a few coloured). The outstanding feature of the Mshatta palace was the intricately carved decoration on its facade. Today the complete facade, built in the mid-eighth century, exists only in Brünnow's photographs (see vol. II). - Bindings slightly rubbed; upper joints of vol. III slightly split; stamp of the Meadville Theological School library to title page. A good, clean copy.
¶ NYPL Arabia Coll. 166. OCLC 24223621.

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The Burmah Oil Company in early photographs
16

Burmah Oil Co. Photograph album. Burma, ca. 1904. Burma, ca. 1904. Oblong folio (420 x 312 mm). Contemporary half leather album of 56 large format photographs, ca. 27 x 20 cm.

EUR 9,500.00

A photograph album containing views of Burma, including images of the staff and works of the Burmah Oil Company, the majority uncaptioned, though several are captioned in the negative and a couple are identified by hand. The Burmah Oil Company was formed in Scotland in 1886 and by the early 20th century owned the largest oil fields in the British Empire, producing 90% of Burma's oil output. - The first eight images show group portraits of staff, the following 48 are topographical or portrait photographs, including views of oil fields, Rangoon, the countryside, an oil blaze and elephants at work. - Album slightly worn; 5 additional large format and 2 small photos (group portraits, a brass band, oil fields enveloped in smoke) loosely inserted. Overall in good condition.

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Burning oil wells at Baku
17

[Caucasus - Russio-Persian War of 1722-1723]. Der Allerneueste Staat von Casan, Astracan, Georgien und... Vieler Andern dem Czaren, Sultan und Schach, Zinsbaren und Unterthanen Tartarn, Landschaften und Provinzien: samt einer kurzen Nachricht von der Caspischen See, dem Daria-Strom, ingleichen von dem Persischen Hof, und Dessen Allerneuesten Staats- und Kriegs-Verfassung; zur Erläuterung der Russisch- und Persischen Kriegs-Operationen entworfen, und mit dienlichen Kupfern ausgezieret. Nuremberg, Wolfgang Moritz Endters sel. Erben, 1724. Nuremberg, Wolfgang Moritz Endters sel. Erben, 1724. 12mo. (24), 398 pp. With an engr. frontispiece and 4 folding engr. plates. Period quarter vellum with decorative papered boards. Rebacked with 17th century vellum with decorative manuscript initials.

EUR 6,500.00

First edition, second issue of this "very latest account of Kazan, Astrakhan, Georgia and many other Tartaries, regions, and provinces tributary and subject to the Czar, Sultan and Shah". A rare work and one of the first books on the Russio-Persian War of 1722-1723, published anonymously just a year after the end of the war and thoroughly describing the regions of Southern Russia, the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. The author describes the events of the war which ended with a Russian victory and the subsequent Russian annexation of the Persian cities Derbent, Baku, Rasht, and the northern Persian provinces of Shirvan, Gilyan and others. The author also describes all regions influenced by the war: the Volga River and all its major cities, including Kazan and Astrakhan (as the two main centers of the organization of the Persian campaign); the Caucasus: Georgia, Mingrelia, Dagestan and others; the Western Caspian Sea region and its largest cities Baku, Derbent and Shemakha. Remarkably, Baku inhabitants are described as sick and lethargic, due to contamination of the water by Naphta (oil). The text describes the geography of the Caucasus Mountains, including Mount Elbrus, the manners and customs of the people, genealogy of local Georgian and Mingrelian princes and others. Includes an engraved portrait of Sultan Hossein who ruled Persia at the time, three engraved views of Derbent, Baku and Shemakha (the Baku view showing various images of burning oil wells), and an engraved plate of local costumes. A few library stamps on half-title and title, otherwise a very good copy from the library of the theologian Isidor Keppler (1715-92) with his ms. ownership (dated 1751) to the beginning of the text.
¶ Nitsche-Stender 189.

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A photographic pioneer in the Middle East, "the first completely realized photobook" (Parr/Badger) ever published
18

Du Camp, Maxime. Égypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie: dessins photographiques recueillis... pendant les années 1849, 1850 et 1851, accompagnés d’un texte explicatif et précédés d’une introduction. Paris, Gide & J. Baudry, 1852. Paris, Gide & J. Baudry, 1852. Folio (447 × 315 mm). 125 mounted original salt-prints, letterpress captions to mounting leaves and tissue-guards, 3 small engravings to the introductory text, double-page engraved plan of Karnak, single-page plans of Medinet-Habu and the island of Philae. Recent half brown cloth, marbled boards, original spine, brown hard-grained morocco laid down, title gilt direct, low flat bands with dotted roll gilt, double fillet panels to the compartments, new endpapers, original marbled free endpapers retained.

EUR 350,000.00

Extremely rare first edition complete, illustrated with 125 salt prints from wet paper negatives (Blanquart-Evrard process) mounted one to a page. Maxime Du Camp’s monumental survey, "Égypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie", was the first of its kind, the first travel album to be completely illustrated with photographs of archaeological monuments. - A young man of independent means, Du Camp learnt the craft of photography from Le Gray in 1849 in preparation for his second journey to North Africa. By the time he came to Abu Simbel in March 1850 to explore the rock-cut temples built by Ramesses II (reigned 1292-1225 BC), Du Camp was thoroughly at ease with the medium. With official backing from the French Government, and travelling in the company of the novelist Gustave Flaubert, Du Camp returned with over 200 paper negatives of the antiquities of Egypt and the Near East, of which 125 were published in the present work. The illustrations were produced at the photographic printing works of Louis-Désiré Blanquard-Évrard at Lille and their distinctive cool neutral tones are due to the prints being chemically developed rather than merely printed-out in sunlight. - Distinguished as it was, Du Camp’s photographic career was short-lived. After the completion of his magisterial survey of the antiquities of the Near East, he abandoned photography entirely in favour of literary pursuits. - Soundly bound, presenting well on the shelf, front hinge slightly cracked towards the head at the first blank, some foxing throughout, varying from light to moderately heavy but the prints themselves fairly lightly touched when at all, remains very good.
¶ Parr/Badger, The Photobook, I, 73. QNL Inaugural Exhibition (2018), 153.

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"The pearl of all books printed in Vienna" (Mayer)
19

Francolin, Hanns von. Thurnier Buech warhafftiger ritterlicher Thaten, so in dem... Monat Junii des vergangnen LX. Jars in und ausserhalb der Statt Wienn zu Rosz und zu Fueß, auff Waser und Lannd gehalten worden [...]. (Vienna, Raphael Skrzetusky gen. Hofhalter), [1561]. (Vienna, Raphael Skrzetusky gen. Hofhalter), [1561]. Small folio (202 x 279 mm). (6), LXXX (but: 84), (1) pp. (collation: A6; B-N4 [N4 blank], O-P4 Q2, R-X4, x2, Y-Z4). Title page printed in red and black surrounded by a border of 10 armorial woodcuts. With full-page woodcut portrait of Emperor Ferdinand I by Donat Hübschmann on verso, large emblematic etching by Johann Schlutpacher von Rauris (A6v), full-page woodcut by Hans Lautensack of the standard-bearer Heinrich the younger, Burgrave of Meissen (E1r), 45 woodcut coat-of-arms in quire x, on Z1r woodcut device incorporating the arms of the printer, a Polish nobleman. 7 large folded etched plates, including two by Hanns Lautensack (at G4 and N4), one attributed to Francesco Terzi (at H2), one by the monogrammist FA (at I3), one attributed to Giovanni Guerra (at Q2), one unsigned (at X3), and one attributed to Johann Thwenger. Early 19th century half calf.

EUR 35,000.00

First German edition of the finest early printed book on tournaments. It describes in detail and spectacularly illustrates the tournaments, staged battles (including an elaborate naval scene), balls and banquets, held at Vienna to honour the visit of Albrecht V Duke of Bavaria (1528-79), son-in-law of Emperor Ferdinand I and brother-in-law of King Maximilian of Bohemia (Emperor Maximilian II from 1564 onwards). According to Graesse (II, 629), the Latin edition of the same year has different illustrations, which he describes as "moins bonnes", and the same is true for Feyerabend's Frankfurt edition appended to Rüxner's "Thurnier Buch" (1566). The author served as herald to John II Sigismund, King of Hungary. - In complete condition with the full complement of etched plates, the book is of the utmost rarity; both Ruggieri copies were imperfect, and Bartsch describes only three of the etchings. - Fine impressions throughout. Some light browning and marginal fingerstaining; a few tears or flaws to the plates reinforced or rebacked. Rebound in the early 18th century for the Austrian infantry captain and secretary to the military court Franz von Grössing (his handwritten ownership at the bottom of title-page and colophon), preserving the upper third of the original flyleaf with handwritten ownerships dating from the 1560s (Rosina and H. V. Bastrig[o] 1561; gifted to Bernhard Kulmer by his sister Barbara Poltus, but returned to Bastrig in 1563 "as he will not allow the gift, and has a better right to the book"). Latterly in the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his handwritten and stamped ownership to the new flyleaf.
¶ VD 16, F 2207. Ruggieri 827. Brunet Suppl. II, 767. BNHCat F 406. Mayer I, 88f. Watanabe 21.

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The classic baroque manual on fireworks and military explosives
20

Furttenbach, Joseph. Büchsenmeisterey-Schul, darinnen die new angehende Büchsenmeister und Feurwercker... [...]. Augsburg, Johann Schultes, 1643. Augsburg, Johann Schultes, 1643. Small folio (205 x 307 mm). (14), 151, (1) pp. Title printed in red and black. With double-page-sized engraved frontispiece bound after the text, engraved portrait after the preliminaries and 44 numbered engraved folding plates (but fig. 9 on two plates, not conjoined). Edges sprinkled red. Contemporary half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 4,500.00

Famous manual on artillery and fireworks, a revised edition of the author's "Halinitro-pyrobolica" from 1627 (cf. Lipperheide Qb 36). As common in the 17th century, fireworks as entertainments ("Lustfeuerwerke") and military explosives are treated jointly. The fine engravings by R. Custos, J. Custos, and M. Rembold show measuring devices, technical details of ordnance, and ballistic trajectories; the engraved plate before the introduction ("Reimenweise Erklärung", a rhyming narrative of the invention of gunpowder) shows the splendid portrait of the monk Bertold Schwarz at the supreme moment of discovery. Furttenbach (1591-1667) was architect and councilman in Ulm and author of various works on the subject. - Binding rubbed and scuffed; spine chipped. Paper lightly browned throughout. Title-page has contemporary ownership (noting that the book cost 4 guilders) as well as the later ownership of "Karl Schmidt", dated 1871. Last in the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his handwritten and stamped ownership, dated 1974, to flyleaf.
¶ VD 17, 23:230397Z. Honeyman Coll. 1388. Jähns II, 998ff. Graesse II, 647. STC F 1372. Cockle 692. Bibl. Dt. Mus. Libri rari 109. Philip F 130.3. Lotz 30 & 129. Thieme/Becker XXVIII, 146.

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The first modern maps of the East
21

Gastaldi, Giacomo. La Descrittione della Prima Parte dell'Asia. (And:) Il... disegno della seconda parte dell'Asia. (And:) Il disegno della terza parte dell'Asia. Venice and Rome, A. Lafreri and G. Gastaldi, 1561. Venice and Rome, A. Lafreri and G. Gastaldi, 1561. Together 3 maps, each on two sheets joined (447 x 744 mm; 480 x 752 mm; 480 x 732 mm). Stored in custom-made half morocco case with gilt title to spine.

EUR 195,000.00

Gastaldi's mapping of Asia, published in three parts, is considered one of the most influential cartographical ventures in the 16th century. All three maps would go on to be prototypes for the depiction of the region well into the early 18th century. As official cosmographer to the Venetian Republic, Gastaldi had access to the most up-to-date geographical information in compiling his maps, which represent the most accurate and detailed renderings of their time. Having been established in the city for two decades, by the late 1550s Gastaldi was devising the large-scale monumental masterpieces that would confirm his legacy. The travels of Marco Polo, published in Ramusio's "Navigationi et viaggi", heavily influenced Gastaldi's geography of these three maps, which are considered to be far superior to all previous maps of Asia. The "Prima Parte" covers Asia Minor and the Levant coast to Afghanistan, including Persia, northern Arabia, and the Caspian Sea; the second map centers on the Arabian Peninsula extending from the Horn of Africa to Calcutta; while the third and final part provides a magnificent perspective of India, the Malay Peninsula, and southern China. - The first part, in the second state, is printed by Lafreri in Rome, the other two are published in Venice by Gastaldi himself. All maps show vertical crease folds, some reinforced on verso, first map remargined at lower right-hand corner, second with an irregular crease mainly in Indian Ocean, and trimmed close to lower edge just touching longitude scale. Overall an excellent set, well preserved. Considered unobtainable as a complete set, the three separately published maps are traceable only individually at auction within the last decades. Although broadly geographically contiguous, the three parts do not join, and so today - even in institutional possession - complete sets are of the utmost rarity.
¶ Karrow 30/85.1, 30/91 & 30/92. Nordenskiold II, 130, 57, 61 & 62.

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"They do not enter into a scheme like this for love of the Negro or for exploration purposes"
22

Gordon, Charles G., known as "Chinese Gordon", "Gordon Pasha", and "Gordon of Khartoum", British Army officer and administrator (1833-1885). Autograph letter signed. Khartoum, Sudan, 12. III. 1879. Khartoum, Sudan, 12. III. 1879. Folio. 4 pp. on 4 ff.

EUR 9,500.00

An important letter on the construction of an overland telegraph line through Africa, to the telegraphic engineer Samuel Canning (1823-1908), a pioneer in submarine telegraphy. Writing while serving as governor-general of the Sudan and engaged in the suppressing of the slave trade and the improvement of communications in the region, Gordon acknowledges the receipt of a letter from Canning on the construction of an overland telegraph line through Africa, and a Royal Geographical Society pamphlet on the same subject: "You ask me if I would recommend to the Egyptian Government, a convention, with a Company, on the basis of the terms alluded to by Mr. Geigler (and Geigler Pasha). I presume you want my outspoken opinion [...] A Company for any such work requires some certain advantages. They do not enter into a scheme like this for love of the Negro or for exploration purposes. Therefore, let me ask you, do you think, even if Egypt made the line up to Uganda, from the north, could the Company make the line up to Uganda, from the south. Even if you did make the line, are you sure of keeping it safe, except with an armed force [...] I doubt entirely, in spite of all the explorers have written, that you could do either one or the other without an armed force. The explorers say this king will do this or that, but they have only the words to go on [...] I am to recommend to the Egyptian Govt. with respect to the extension of the Egyptian line, to Uganda. I would support this extension on the terms which Geigler Pasha has mentioned [...] I should wish to see a lot of penal clauses put in which might bring in the Egyptian Govt. the reproaches of the Counsel General [...] I would prefer the following scheme, which would not compromise Egypt: 1. that the Company should take all receipts for a term of - years, from Khartoum southward, and vice-versa, allowing the Egyptian officials [...] to telegraph free, from stations in Egyptian territory. 2. that the Egyptian Govt. should supply half the cost of labour [...] By this means, Egypt would avoid any chance of interference, by the Company, of by the Counsel General [...] There is no doubt that if the line from the South up to Uganda is not made, then the line from Khartoum to Uganda could be of no use [...]". - Some spotting.

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India illustrated
23

Grindlay, Captain Robert Melville. Scenery, Costumes and Architecture, Chiefly on the Western... Side of India. London, Smith Elder & Co., 1830 [plates watermarked 1848]. London, Smith Elder & Co., 1830 [plates watermarked 1848]. Large 4to (395 x 300 mm). Engraved title with hand-coloured engraved vignette, 36 hand-coloured aquatint plates by R. G. Reeve, T. Fielding, G. Hunt, C. Bentley and others after Grindlay, William Westall, Clarkson Stanfield and others. Contemporary half green morocco over marbled boards, bound by J. Wright, spine gilt with raised bands, marbled endpapers, edges gilt, rebacked with original spine laid down.

EUR 18,000.00

One of the "most attractive colour plate books on India" (Tooley), noted for the brilliant quality of the hand colouring. Robert Grindlay, the son of a London merchant, sailed for India at the age of seventeen in 1803. He served with the 7th Bombay Native Infantry from 1804 until 1820 and travelled widely throughout India with his regiment. His talent for recording the life and landscape of India is evident from the images in the present work, and on his return to Britain he was persuaded to work on its publication.
¶ Abbey Travel II, 442. Brunet II, 1742. Colas 1333. Lipperheide 1487. Tooley 239.

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After photographs by Pascal Sébah
24

Hamdi Bey, Osman / Launay, [Victor] Marie de. Les costumes populaires de la Turquie en 1873. Constantinople, imprimerie du "Levant Times & Shipping Gazette", 1873. Constantinople, imprimerie du "Levant Times & Shipping Gazette", 1873. Folio (280 x 355 mm). 3 consecutively paginated parts in one vol. 319, (1), VII, (1) pp. With 74 plates after photographs by Sébah. Early 20th century half morocco with giltstamped spine title.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition. - The three sections are devoted to "Turquie d'Europe" (including Greece), "Ilas ottomanes" (including Cyprus), and "Turquie d'Asie" (including Mecca and the Lebanon). The plates are based on studio portrait photographs by Pascal Sébah (1823-86), then at his peak. Sébah's Istanbul studio catered to the western European interest in the exotic "orient" and the growing numbers of tourists visiting the Muslim world who wished to take home images of the cities, ancient ruins in the surrounding area, portraits, and local people in traditional costumes. "Sebah rose to prominence because of his well-organized compositions, careful lighting, effective posing, attractive models, great attention to detail, and for the excellent print quality" (Gary Saretzky). - Occasional brownstaining, otherwise a good copy.
¶ Atabey 551. Blackmer 957. Lipperheide Lb 65. Colas 1374. Hiler 411.

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Including the first translation of the Quran into German
25

Happel, Eberhard Werner. Thesaurus exoticorum. Alßdann eine kurtzbündige Beschreibung von Ungarn.... Hamburg & Frankfurt, Wiering & Hertel, 1688. Hamburg & Frankfurt, Wiering & Hertel, 1688. Folio (221 x 352 mm). 5 parts in 1 vol. (10), 120, 192, 160 (but: 156), 288 (but: 388), (4), 115, (1) pp. (without 4 ff. of index). With engraved t. p., 26 double-page-sized engravings (mostly folding), 3 folding engr. maps, 3 folding woodcut plates, and numerous text engravings. Marbled pastedowns. Contemp. calf.

EUR 8,500.00

A complete copy of the first edition, noted for its illustrations, half of which are devoted to the Islamic World. This exceptionally wide-ranging collection of politics and travel reports, anecdotes, scientific discoveries, and experiments is a testament to Happel's shrewd journalistic understanding of popular taste. The woodcuts constitute the principal work of Thomas Wiering (cf. Thieme/Becker XXXV, 537). "Has special interest for the American collector, as it consists of a series of 15 curious representations of the aborigines of America, all with detailed descriptions of their manners, customs, religion" (Sabin). Mainly concerned with the Turkish Wars in Europe (and also mentions the campaigns in southern Greece from 1684 to 1688). "The last part of the work is of particular interest in that it contains the first complete transcription of the Qu'ran into German language" (Koc, 164). - Engraved title page shows ink censorship to pudenda of allegorical figure; four-line ms. inscription (dated 1690). Several plates trimmed closely or remargined (occasional slight loss to image). Formerly in the Ottoman collection of the Swiss industrialist Herry W. Schaefer.
¶ VD 17, 39:131766W (citing 25 plates and 2 engr. maps). Ömer Koc Collction, I, 92 (pp. 163-173). STC H 315. Dünnhaupt 15.1. Borba de Moraes 393. Hayn/Gotendorf III, 84. Jantz 1291. Alden 688/117. Sturminger 1464. Sabin 30279. Graesse III, 208.

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169 plants explained and illustrated
26

[Herbarius]. Herbolario volgare, nelquale se dimostra a conoscer le... herbe [...]. (Venice, Francesco Bindone & Maffeo Pasini, June) 1536. (Venice, Francesco Bindone & Maffeo Pasini, June) 1536. 8vo. (12), CLXIX, (18) pp. With large woodcut title vignette and 169 woodcut illustrations in the text. Later limp vellum with handwritten title to spine.

EUR 4,500.00

Third Italian edition of the 1484 Mainz "Herbarius", an anonymous compilation of classical, mediaeval and Arabic sources (first published in Italian in 1522 by the same printers, followed by one printed by Vassore in 1534). The herbal contains descriptions of numerous plants mostly found in Germany focussing on their curative functions. They are organised alphabetically with each chapter dedicated to one plant and starting with a woodcut depiction of the same. The final chapter - the only one longer than a single leaf - discusses the medical benefits of wine and vinegar, containing an illustration of a wine cellar in the beginning. Since the herbal was intended as a reference book, it prefixes an alphabetical index of maladies referencing the corresponding chapters, thus enabling the reader more easily to find the required remedy. The title vignette shows the saints Cosmas and Damian, two scholars who practised medicine and suffered martyrdom under the reign of Roman Emperor Diocletian. - A good, clean copy with minimal browning. Upper right-hand corners of the last two leaves torn away without loss to text. From the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel (1939-2015) with his handwritten and stamped ownership to the flyleaf, dated 1977.
¶ BM-STC Italian 325. Edit 16, CNCE 22580. Essling 1195. Sander 619. Pritzel 10765. Nissen (BBI) 2316. Not in Adams.

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Rare series of 50 views of Russian customs and costumes
27

Houbigant, Armand Gustave. Moeurs et costumes des Russes, représentés en 50... planches coloriées, exécutées en lithographie. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817. Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817. Folio. (4), 20 pp. text. With wood-engraved illustration on title page and 50 numbered lithographed plates in the publisher's hand colour. Modern half calf, with part of the original lithographed wrappers mounted on front.

EUR 28,000.00

Printer's issue of the rare first edition of a series of hand-coloured views of Russian customs and costumes, executed by the French artist Armand Gustave Houbigant (1789-1862) in collaboration with the artist Hippolyte Bellangé and the early experimental lithographer Charles de Lasteyrie. With 20 pages of letterpress text giving descriptions of the plates. Most of the plates are (in part) copies from Atkinson's "A picturesque representation of the manners, customs, and amusements of the Russians" (1803-04), but are here executed in typical chalk lithographs instead of Atkinson's aquatints. - Regular issues were printed with the names of the publishers: Paris, Treuttel & Wurtz and Strasbourg "Même maison de commerce". A second edition was published in 1821 and 30 of the plates were published in Recueil de trente croquis lithographies representant des scenes et costumes Russes. - Each leaf mounted to modern stubs, some occasional spots, the title-page slightly browned, and some of the impressions of the plates a bit weak, the colouring still very good. A very good copy, wholly untrimmed.
¶ Bobins Collection 195. Colas 1496. Hiler 448. WorldCat (7 copies). Cf. Lipperheide 1352-1353 (1821 ed.). For Houbigant see Thieme/Becker XVII, 554.

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Inscribed by a Mosul physician in 913 AH (1507 AD)
28

Jurjani, Zayn al-Din Abu Ibrahim Isma'il bin Husayn al-. Dhakhirah-i Khwarazm-Shahi. [Probably Anatolia, late 15th century]. Arabic manuscript on paper with somewhat wavy laid lines only (335 x 239 mm; text area 263 x 176 mm), 544 ff., written in a tidy nasta'liq, 35 lines to the page, text frame of red and blue rules, important words and phrases in red or in larger naskhi; chapter headings repeated in margins in a bold calligraphic script, several marginal annotations in various contemporary and later hands. Early 20th century brown roan preserving covers of contemporary morocco binding blind-stamped with a single tool to form a central motif of three interlocking lozenges, smaller lozenges above and below, blind-stamped corner-pieces.

EUR 35,000.00

Very rare Arabic translation of Al Jurjani's important medical compendium. - Jurjani (d. 1136) "went to live in Khwarizm in 504/1110 and became attached to the Khwarizmshahs Kutb al-Din Muhammad, to whom he dedicated his 'Dhakirah', and Atsiz b. Muhammad [...] His 'Dhakirah Khwarizmshahi', probably the first medical Encyclopaedia written in Persian and containing about 450,000 words, is one of the most important works of its kind; it also exists in an Arabic version, and was translated into Turkish and (in an abbreviated form) into Hebrew" (Encyclopaedia of Islam). - Modelled on the Qanun of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), the "Dhakirah" is divided into ten books, covering: definition and utility of medicine, and the structure and powers of the human body; health and disease, in general, including causes and symptoms of disease, and accidents of the body; the preservation of health; diagnosis, crisis and prognosis; fevers and their treatment; local diseases and their treatment; tumours, ulcers and so forth; the care of the external parts of the body (hair, skin, nails, and so on); poisons and antidotes; and simple and compound drugs. - Binding stained and rubbed. Various seal impressions (some erased) on first and second leaves and at end of text. Paper shows some splashes, soiling and staining, first leaf re-attached and with loss of one or two words on verso (sense recoverable), margins of last few leaves strengthened, but generally in good, sound condition. Provenance: Abdul-Malik bin Mahmud al-Mausuli al-tabib ("the physician"), with his ownership inscription dated 5 Rajab 913 AH (10 Nov. 1507) at the Mu'ayiddi hospital in Mosul; the distinguished German ophthalmologist and Arabist Max Meyerhof (1874-1945), with his bookplate on the front pastedown.
¶ GAL I, 487 & S I, 889. Cf. Keshavarz, A descriptive and analytical catalogue of Persian manuscripts in the library of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, pp. 52-54 & p. 149. Fihrist records no copies of the Arabic translation.

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The first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar, first printing
29

Ibrâhim Haqqi, Erzurumlu. Marifetname. Bulaq (Cairo), al-Matbaa ül-Kubra, 1251 AH [1835/36 AD]. Bulaq (Cairo), al-Matbaa ül-Kubra, 1251 AH [1835/36 AD]. Folio (226 x 337 mm). 23, (1), 563 (1) pp. With woodcut headpiece before the text and 23 text lithographs (17 page-sized) as well as several lithographed tables (some page-sized) in the text. Text is printed in the Ottoman Turkish version of the Perso-Arabic script type, within double ruled border. Bound in contemporary brown calf with blindstamped cover ornaments and fore-edge flap (traces of repairs).

EUR 25,000.00

Rare first printing of the famous scientific encyclopedia, published more than half a century after the death of its author, the Turkish Sufi philosopher Ibrahim Hakki Erzurumi (1703-80). The "Marifetname", or "Book of Gnosis", completed in 1756, is a compilation of astronomical, astrological, mathematical, anatomical, psychological, philosophical as well as mystical religious texts. It is famous for containing the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar. "Sorte d'Encyclopedie, traitant successivement des croyances musulmanes, de la cosmologie, de l'anatomie etc." (Zenker). Among the astronomical and geographical illustrations are a world map in two hemispheres, a map of the poles, the lunar phases and diagrams showing the solar system and earth's orbit. - The printing office in Bulaq, near Cairo, was set up at the command of the Viceroy of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pascha (1769-1849). Almost all its productions were printed in Ottoman Turkish with Arabic types and are today considered very rare. - Slight waterstaining to margins near beginning; a few pages near beginning and end remargined. Binding expertly repaired; in all an appealing copy.
¶ Özege, Eski Harflerle Basilmis Türkçe Eserler Katalogu III (1975), p. 1025 no. 12259. Zenker I, 1709. OCLC 21607393. A total of 13 copies in WorldCat (3 in Turkey, only 1 in Europe [Munich], 9 in the U.S.).

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Manuscript of the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar
30

Ibrâhim Haqqi, Erzurumlu. Marifetname [The Book of Knowledge and Skills]. [Ottoman Empire, ca 1760]. [Ottoman Empire, ca 1760]. Folio (209 x 318 mm). 459, (2), 14 (but: 13) ff. of index, numerous errors in Arabic pagination, but complete according to catchwords, numbered throughout by a later owner in pencil from left to right, 1-474 ff. Ottoman Turkish on thin, polished, cream-coloured laid paper. Text is in fine naskh script with black and red ink within a red double-lined border, 31 lines of text within a written area of 232 x 112 mm. Occasional red underlining, sections usually demarcated by a single word of red text on a line with a red border on either side. 11 full-page colour illustrations of scientific diagrams, 8 full-page coloured tables and 5 coloured half-page illustrations, as well as a round, black and red ink diagram on leaf 448v. Contemporary full calf, expertly rebacked with six compartments of raised bands and gilt motifs, gilt red title label, all edges speckled red.

EUR 28,000.00

A fine 18th century manuscript copy of the famous scholarly encyclopedia, not printed until 1835 (in Bulaq). The "Marifetname", or "Book of Gnosis" is a compilation of astronomical, astrological, mathematical, anatomical, psychological, philosophical as well as mystical religious texts. It is famous for containing the first treatment of post-Copernican astronomy by a Muslim scholar. - Ibrahim Haqqi Erzurumi (1703-80) is considered an outstanding figure of 18th century Ottoman Turkey. Based on an immense knowledge of the Sufi branch of Islam as well as his studies in Western science, he devoted himself to the domains of both religion and science, considering both a means of approaching God. - Occasional smudging of ink; minor offsetting on pages facing illustrations, leaves 7-11 with minor waterstains in the upper corner margins, leaves 12-18 expertly reinforced in the upper margin, with rather severe loss to text in upper half of leaves 14v and 15. Text appears to be lost on 378r (faint traces of text still remain). Leaves 343v-350v have dark pink stain in centre of text toward gutter (no loss), likewise on 443v-463v. Leaves 448-454 have had their margins reinforced. Leaves numbered 449 and 450 must be switched, as well as 453 and 454. Altogether a very appealing copy with the numerous illustrations showing fine detail.
¶ Cf. Zenker I, 1709. F. Gülen, "Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism," p. 106, n. 69. Z. Virk, "Science and Technology in Ottoman Sultanate".

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