1

Adam, Robert. The Religious World Displayed; or, A View of... the Four Grand Systems of Religion, Judaism, Paganism, Christianity, and Mohammedism; and of the various existing denominations, sects and parties, in the Christian world. To which is subjoined, a view of deism and atheism. Edinburgh, James Ballantyne and Co., 1809. Edinburgh, James Ballantyne and Co., 1809. 8vo. 3 vols. Contemp. giltstamped calf with double giltstamped black spine labels; spines gilt; giltstamped borders to covers.

EUR 1,000.00

First edition of this encompassing study by the Rev. Robert Adam (1770-1825), long a standard work on the world's religions. - A prettily bound set from the library of the British philosopher of religion, David Arthur Pailin (b. 1936), with his bookplate.
¶ OCLC 1615651. Cf. Chauvin XII, 53 (later edition 1823).

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Inscribed copy
2

Ahmed Hassan, Hafiz. Pilgrimage to the Caaba and Charing Cross. London, W. H. Allen & Co., [1871]. London, W. H. Allen & Co., [1871]. 8vo. VIII, 174, 8, (2) pp. With mounted photoportrait frontispiece. Original elaborately giltstamped forest green cloth. All edges red.

EUR 2,800.00

First and only edition; inscribed copy. The author worked in the service of the Nawab (sovereign) of Tonk, in Hindustan. A Muslim, the Nawab in January 1870 received permission to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. Ahmed Hassan accompanied him, and his account includes details of the crossing from Bombay to Jeddah, of the visits to Mecca and Medina, and of the continuation of his journey to England. The account is uncommon. - Occasional minute foxing to interior, otherwise a very fine copy in well-preserved original binding. Inscribed by the author on t. p.: "With the author's compliments".
¶ OCLC 4384569. Not in Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula.

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3

Aitchison, Charles Umpherston. A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sunnuds, Relating... to India and Neighbouring Countries. Calcutta, Savielle and Cranenburgh, J. L. Kingham, & O. T. Cutter, 1862-1865. Calcutta, Savielle and Cranenburgh, J. L. Kingham, & O. T. Cutter, 1862-1865. Large 8vo. 7 vols. With 4 large folding maps in colour. Contemp. cloth with giltstamped title to spine.

Complete set of the first edition as issued by 1865. An index volume (not present here) was appended in 1866, but is not part of the basic series. Comprises: (vol. 1) Bengal, Burmah, and the Eastern Archipelago; (vol. 2) N.W. Provinces, Oudh, Nipal, the Punjah and the states on the Punjah frontier; (vol. 3) Peishwa, Nagpore and Bundelcund; (vol. 4) Rajpootana, Central, India, and Malwa; (vol. 5) Hyderabad, Mysore, Coorg, the Madras Presidency and Ceylon; (vol. 6) the states within the Bombay Presidency; (vol. 7) Sindh, Beloochiston, Persia, and Herat, Turkish Arabia and the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian and African coasts. This final volume is especially fascinating for recording numerous treaties made with the tribes of the Arabian Gulf - the territory of Bahrain and the so-called "Maritime Tribes" of the Arabian coast. We find here the convention between Sheikh Mahomed bin Khulefa, ruler of Bahrain, to "abstain from all maritime aggressions of every description [...], so long as I receive the support of the British Government in the maintenance of the security of my own possessions", a treaty with the "pacificated" Arab tribes of the Gulf, describing (and picturing in colour!) the red flag they will use, and a treaty with "Sheikh Shabout of Abou Dabyee" to deliver all "vessels of the piratical powers" to General William Keir. Significantly, the contemporary rulers and their territories (e.g. "Rasool Khyma", "Shargah", "Amalgavine", "Dubey", "Ejman", and "Abouthabee") are noted by name. The treaties, mainly translated from the original Arabic, paint a remarkable picture of the political relations between the British and the small, independent tribes who ruled the coast during the mid-19th century. - Slight wear to extremities. Removed from the Public Libraries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne with their bookplates on front pastedown. Complete sets of the present first edition are of the utmost rarity, the Burell copy (with only 2 maps present) commanded £6,000 more than a decade ago (Sotheby's, Oct 14, 1999, lot 34).
¶ BM Supplement, 1966-70, vol I, 33 (257). OCLC 29119267. Cf. Macro 18 (later eds. only).

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Eight years a slave in Tunis
4

(Albertus, Fr[iedrich] Gottl[ieb]). Die merkwürdige Lebensbeschreibung des unglücklich reisenden Uhrmachergesellen, welcher... acht Jahre in der türkischen Sklaverey unter vielen Jammer und Elend zugebracht und endlich erlöst wurde. No place or printer, [c. 1806]. No place or printer, [c. 1806]. 8vo. (16) pp. Modern marbled wrappers.

EUR 2,500.00

Extremely rare German slavery account by the Prussian clockmaker F. G. Albertus. Born in Potsdam in 1770, he visited Amsterdam in 1797, was press-ganged into joining an East India Company ship bound for Batavia, but fell into the hands of Tunisian pirates off the coast of Gibraltar. He details the horrors of his eight-year slavery in North Africa and mentions several of his fellow sufferers by name, including a Spanish Countess named Carolina who was captured at age 16 and was finally ransomed after nine years of slavery. Ultimately, Albertus is ransomed by a Dutch jeweller named Birkenthal and returns to Germany, physically broken but full of praise for the workings of God. - Trimmed rather closely (slight loss to text). Title page bears contemporary censorship stamp of the Delitzsch police. Of the utmost rarity: a single other copy is known (bound within sammelband A/31581:9 in the State and University Library of Hamburg).
¶ OCLC 837821535 (SUB Hamburg).

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Vespucci, and the Arabian Gulf
5

Albertus Magnus. De natura locoru[m]. Libru[m] mira eruditio[n]e & singulari... fruge refertu[m], & iam primu[m], summa dilige[n]tia revisum [...]. (Vienna, Hieronymus Vietor & Johannes Singriener für Leonhard & Lukas Alantsee, 1514). (Vienna, Hieronymus Vietor & Johannes Singriener für Leonhard & Lukas Alantsee, 1514). 4to. (104) pp. With woodcut title border and full-page woodcut arms of Emperor Maximilian I on verso of final leaf. Papered spine.

EUR 8,500.00

Very rare first edition of Albert's general description of the earth, marking the inauguration of scientific geography as an independent discipline and the first attempt at a comparative geography. Edited by the Bavarian mathematician, astronomer and astrologer Georg Tannstetter, who was mainly active in Vienna. "Interesting to the American collector on account of a marginal note relating to Vespuccius, which seems to have been inserted with movable type, on the recto of the last leaf in signature d, after the book had been printed" (Sabin). The contemporary owner, too, has highlighted the name by a marginal ms. note, "Vespucius". Also treats the Middle East with the "sinus Persicus" and "sinus Arabicus" (f. J4r). At the end, Tannstetter provides a brief list of unprinted works by Albertus, to which the contemporary owner has added "De vegetabilis et plantis". - Binding somewhat loosened near beginning; upper edge of title page remargined. Several contemporary marginalia. Occcasional light fingerstaining, but altogether clean and well-preserved.
¶ VD 16, A 1345. IA 102.526. Alden/L. 514/1. Sabin 671. JCB I, 58. Harrisse 76.

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The first European to enter the Arabian Gulf
6

Albuquerque, Afonso de. Commentarios do Grande Afonso Dalboquerque, Capitao geral que... foy das Indias Orientales, em tempo do moito poderoso Rey dom Manuel, o primeiro deste nome. Novemente emendados & acrescentados pelo mesmo auctor. Lisbon, Joao de Barreira, 1576. Lisbon, Joao de Barreira, 1576. Folio (271 x 200 mm). 578 pp. With woodcut coat-of-arms on title page and two small woodcuts in the text. Recent full vellum binding with gilt borders on sides and gilt compartments on spine.

Second edition, excessively rare and "plus correcte et plus estimée que la première" (Palha). Afonso d' Albuquerque (1453-1515), the Great, was one of the most striking personalities in the history of Portuguese discovery and colonialism and is the founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East Indies. Albuquerque advanced the three-fold Portuguese grand scheme of combatting Islam and securing the trade of spices and the establishment of a vast Portuguese Asian empire. He was the first European to enter the Persian Gulf, led the first voyage by a European fleet into the Red Sea, and was also the first westerner to reach the coast of South-Eastern Arabia: "In 1506 Albuquerque was despatched from Lisbon on an expedition, intended to consolidate Portuguese supremacy in the Indian Ocean. His instructions were to monopolize trade with East India for portugal, and to exclude both Venetians and Saracens from Indian waters [...] Attacks were made on the Arab ports at Malindi, Hoja, Lamu and Brava, before continuing to Socotra [...] Sailing from Socotra with six ships, Albuquerque coasted the Arabian peninsula, sacked Muscat and Sohar, and then launched an attack on Hormuz during the months of September and October 1507. In spite of the overwhelming forces assembled against him by the island's twelve-year-old ruler, Albuquerque mounted a successful siege, with the result that the ruler become a vassal of the Portuguese crown [...] The famous 'Commentaries' [...] were published by his son Alfonso [...], collected from his father's papers. The only documents actually originating from the father are in the form of letters" (Howgego I, 19-21). - Of the utmost rarity: only the 1774 edition is recorded in ABPC. The only copy of the present edition in the trade so far was the one sold by Reiss in 1989 (Auction 40, Travel and Exploration, lot 395). - Provenance: Acquired from the collection of Dom Diogo de Bragança, Marquês de Marialva (1930-2011), with his bookplate on front pastedown. Formerly in the library of Miguel de Faria with his gilt supralibros on front cover.
¶ Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 29 (1774 ed. only). Adams A 568. Howgego I, 21. Anselmo 222. King Manuel No. 155. BM-Portuguese Books 127. Innocencio I, 7, 36. Palha 4136. Cat. Gulbenkian, Portugal & Persia, 126. Henze I, 35ff. Brunet I, 144.

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The first European to enter the Arabian Gulf
7

Albuquerque, Afonso de. Commentarios do Grande Afonso Dalboquerque, Capitao geral que... foi das Indias Orientaes, em tempo do moito poderoso Rey D. Manuel, o primeiro deste nome. Parte I (-III). Lisbon, na Regia Officina Typografica, 1774. Lisbon, na Regia Officina Typografica, 1774. 8vo. 3 vols. Contemp. brown calf with giltstamped green spine labels. Leading edges gilt; marbled endpapers. All edges sprinkled in red.

Third edition, reprinted for the first time after the 1576 edition. Afonso d' Albuquerque (1453-1515), the Great, was one of the most striking personalities in the history of Portuguese discovery and colonialism and is the founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East Indies. Albuquerque advanced the three-fold Portuguese grand scheme of combating Islam and securing the trade of spices and the establishment of a vast Portuguese Asian empire. He was the first European to enter the Persian Gulf, led the first voyage by a European fleet into the Red Sea, and was also the first westerner to reach the coast of South-Eastern Arabia: "In 1506 Albuquerque was despatched from Lisbon on an expedition, intended to consolidate Portuguese supremacy in the Indian Ocean. His instructions were to monopolize trade with East India for Portugal, and to exclude both Venetians and Saracens from Indian waters [...] Attacks were made on the Arab ports at Malindi, Hoja, Lamu and Brava, before continuing to Socotra [...] Sailing from Socotra with six ships, Albuquerque coasted the Arabian peninsula, sacked Muscat and Sohar, and then launched an attack on Hormuz during the months of September and October 1507. In spite of the overwhelming forces assembled against him by the island's twelve-year-old ruler, Albuquerque mounted a successful siege, with the result that the ruler become a vassal of the Portuguese crown [...] The famous 'Commentaries' [...] were published by his son Alfonso [...], collected from his father's papers. The only documents actually originating from the father are in the form of letters" (Howgego I, 19-21). - A good, clean copy.
¶ Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula 29. Howgego I, 21. Anselmo 222. King Manuel No. 155. BM-Portuguese Books 127. Innocencio I, 7, 36. Palha 4136. Cat. Gulbenkian, Portugal & Persia, 126. Henze I, 35ff. Brunet I, 144. Cf. Graesse I, 59 (4 vols).

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The life of Almansoor
8

(Ali Albencufian) [i.e., Miguel de Luna]. Histoire veritable contenant la vie de Iacob Almançor... Roy d'Arabie, qui conquist le Royaume d'Espagne sur le Roy Dom Roderic. Paris, Gervais Clousier, 1638. Paris, Gervais Clousier, 1638. 8vo. 174 pp. With engr. title vignette. 19th-c. half calf with giltstamped title to panelled spine. Marbled endpapers.

EUR 2,500.00

First French edition of the life of Almansor, the Arabic conqueror and ruler of Spain in the tenth century. Translated from "La Verdadera Historia del Rey Rodrigo" by Gilles de Rainssant. The author, the Moorish apologist Miguel de Luna, first published this historical work in two parts in 1592 and 1600. Although presented as a translation from an Arabic manuscript, it was almost certainly of his own composition. It is important as a sympathetic account of the Moorish conquest of Spain and offers numerous accounts of the humanity and cultivation of an Arabic prince. His pre-eminence in science and learning is dwelt upon, and there is an interesting account of the formation of his vast library: he is said to have offered twice the market value for any book he found wanting from his collections. This rare French edition marks an early and remarkable point in the emergent French interest in the Arab world. - Slight browning throughout. Bookplate of Eugène Vignat (1815-95), Mayor of Orléans and Député of Lorient. A good copy. Rare.
¶ Goldsmith A 275. OCLC 771039115. Not in Barbier. Not in Brunet.

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9

'Abd al-Basit ibn Musá `Almawi / Sauvaire, H[enri]. Description de Damas. Traductions de l'Arabe. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1895-1896. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1895-1896. 8vo. 2 parts in 1 vol. (4), 318 pp. (4), 441, (1) pp. Modern red half morocco with giltstamped spine title; original blue printed wrappers bound within.

EUR 1,500.00

First edition in book form ("Extrait du Journal Asiatique, 9. sér., v. 3-7, 1894-96"). The French scholar Henri Sauvaire (1849-96), a leading photographer and numismatic collector, served as a Consul in Damascus and Casablanca. He spent the last years of his life writing on Arab culture. In 1864 he embarked on translating into French the "Description of Damascus" by Abd al-Basit al-Amawi, who lived in Damascus in the mid-16th century (d. 1573/4). - Rare and well-preserved.
¶ OCLC 23427282.

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A famous tract against Islam
10

[Alphonsus de Spina. Fortalicium fidei contra iudeos saracenos aliosq[ue] christiane fidei... inimicos]. Lyon, Guillaume Balsarin, 22. V. 1487. Lyon, Guillaume Balsarin, 22. V. 1487. Small folio (195 x 275 mm). Gothic type, 2 cols., 51 lines. 246 (instead of 249) unnumbered ff. (a*3-8 [instead of 8], a-r8, s-v6, A-K8, L2-7 [instead of 8], wanting final blank). With a woodcut in the text on fol. a2r; printer's device at the end. Several unsophisticated initials supplied in ink by a former owner. 18th century brown calf with giltstamped spine label, attractively gilt spine.

The "Fortalitatium fidei", the principal work (written c. 1458) of the baptized Spanish Jew de Spina, is considered the "methodical and ideological foundation of the Inquisition. The book, divided into five chapters, targets chiefly Jews and Muslims" (cf. LMA I, 408f.). Of the five books, "the first [is] directed against those who deny the Divinity of Christ, the second against heretics, the third against the Jews, and the fourth against Islam and the Muslims, while the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell. In this last book the author dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demons, etc." (Catholic Encyclopaedia). "Ouvrage fort curieux de ce théologien espagnol [...] il était dit-on d'origine juive, c'est pour cela que son 'Fortalicium' pèut ètre classé dans une bibliothèque kabbalistique" (Caillet). - Binding rubbed, hinges beginning to split. Wants first two leaves, final blank and counter-leaf L1. Some waterstaining and soiling near beginning and end, some slight edge defects. Bookplate of the great French anthropologist and anatomist Paul Broca to pastedown.
¶ HC 874*. Goff A-542. GW 1577. Proctor 8575. BMC VIII, 277. Polain 159. Pellechet 564. Coumont (Witchcraft) S84.4. Cf. Caillet 10306 ("Incunable gothique rare", only 16th-c. eds.).

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11

Alquie, Francois-Savinien d'. Les mémoires du voyage de Monsieur le marquis... de Ville au Levant, ou l'histoire curieuse du siège de Candie. Amsterdam, Boom, 1670-1671. Amsterdam, Boom, 1670-1671. 12mo. 3 parts in 1 vol. (10), 60, 153 (but: 453), 320 pp. Contemp. vellum.

EUR 3,850.00

First complete French edition. The account of the siege of the fortress of Candia, Crete, based on the reports of Giovanni Battista Rostagno, secretary to Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Milan, was first published in Italian in 1668. The engraved title page depicts the siege of Candia. - Ownership of the Swedish nobleman Corfitz Christian count Beck-Friis (dated Stockholm, 1876); unobtrusive ownership stamp to title page. Last in the Ottoman collection of the Swiss industrialist Herry W. Schaefer (his ms. ownership to endpaper; dated Zuroch, 28 March 1992).
¶ Atabey 17. Cioranescu 7075. Weber II, 347. Cf. Willems 1844.

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Illustrated by Jacques Callot
12

Amico da Gallipoli, Bernadino. Trattato delle piante & immagini de sacri edifizi... di Terra Santa. Florence, Pietro Cecconcelli, (1619)-1620. Florence, Pietro Cecconcelli, (1619)-1620. Folio (205 x 295 mm). (8), 65, (1) pp. With engr. title page, large woodcut printer's device on reverse of final f., and 34 double-page-sized etchings by Jacques Callot, printed from 38 plates, with 46 numbered illustrations. Contemp. limp vellum with ms. title "Amico" to spine. All edges red.

EUR 5,000.00

Second edition, the first to be illustrated by Callot. All etchings are in their first state, with typographical text on the reverse. Colophone dated "M.DC.XIX". The etchings are numbered 1-41 and 43-47. "Mariette parle de cette série dans ses 'Notes Manuscrites' (Paris, Cabinet des Estampes). Ces planches, dit-il, sont gravée d'une manière très ferme et le peu de figures qui s'y rencontrent sont des mieux qu'ait faites Callot" (Lieure). Includes a view and a plan of Jerusalem, views of buildings with many details and ground plans unsurpassed for centuries, according to Tobler. - A good copy with slight foxing to margins. Top spine end slightly bumped; modern endpapers. Loss of upper corner to p. 53 (fig. 41), remargined using the respective page of another copy without illustrations on verso (slight loss to etched border; some gluestaining). Several contemporary marginalia; ms. notes to endpapers; ms. index et the end. Bound first is a large, folding engraved map of the eastern Mediterranean with insets of Palestine and Jerusalem, engraved by Nicolas Sanson: "Iesu Christi Salvatoris Nostri et Apostolorum Petri, et Pauli Mansiones, Itinera, Peregrinationes &c. per Galilaeam, Samariam, Iudaeam; et per Aegyptum, Asiam, Europam" (from: Sanson, Geographia Sacra. Paris, Mariette, 1665). Ms. ownership "Mompre et Moucheron" on reverse.
¶ STC 29. Cicognara 3932. Atabey 20. Blackmer 31. Kat. der Ornamentstichslg. Berlin 2782. Pollen I, 24. Fowler 19. Röhricht 837. Tobler 87. Laor 940 & 941. Plan 220-254. Meaume 4455-4489. Lieure 306-352. Sanson's map: Laor 697. Graesse I, 101.

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Portuguese classic of Arabian travel
13

Andrade, Jacinto Freyre de. [Vida de Dom Ioao de Castro, Quarto Visorey... da India.] Vida de D. Ioam de Castro, Quarto Viso-Rey da India. Lisbon, Ioam da Costa f. Antonio Leite, 1671. Lisbon, Ioam da Costa f. Antonio Leite, 1671. Folio. (8), 380 pp. With additional engr. t. p., engr. portrait frontispiece, and full-page woodcut in the text; several woodcut vignettes and initials. 18th century calf with giltstamped label to gilt spine.

Second edition (first published in 1651). "Cette biographie est un des livres classiques de la langue portugaise" (Brunet). Includes an account of the battles at Ormuz between the Turks and the Arabs. Dom João de Castro (1500-48) was a naval officer and later Viceroy of Portuguese India. In 1538 he embarked on his first voyage to India, arriving at Goa and immediately proceeding to the defence of Diu. Castro was responsible for the overthrow of Mahmud, King of Gujarat whose interests threatened Portuguese control of the Goan coast. His voyages frequently took him to the coasts of Arabia, and his present biography contains many details about the Peninsula, especially about Aden and the sea route to Mecca. Castro died in Goa in 1548 and was initially buried there, but his remains were later exhumed and transferred to Portugal. - Some fingerstaining at the beginning, otherwise fine. Contemporary ms. ownerships to printed title page and flyleaf.
¶ OCLC 21568157. Brunet I, 263. Cf. Atabey 462. BM 9: 1024 (241). Salva 3448. Not in Blackmer.

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14

Andreae, Samuel (praes.) / Jordis, Johann Philipp (resp.). Disquisitio historico-physica de sepulcro Muhammedis. Marburg, Salamon Schadewitz, 1680. Marburg, Salamon Schadewitz, 1680. 4to. 32 pp. Modern green morocco.

EUR 1,500.00

Second edition of this dissertation about the grave of the Prophet Muhammad, first published in 1677, including a description of the location of Mecca (where the grave was believed to be situated) and an account of the Prophet's body being preserved in a box of iron, levitated in mid-air by magnetic forces. - The Danzig-born theologian Samuel Andreae (1640-99) had taught Greek, Philosophy, Rhetorics, and History before settling at the Hessian university of Marburg, where he served as professor of Theology and head of the university library. Several of his academic works offer a historical slant on Biblical topics. The physician Johann Philipp Jordis (1658-1721/25) studied in Utrecht and practised in Frankfurt from 1685 onwards. - Browned throughout due to paper. No copy in America, according to OCLC.
¶ VD 17, 12:142174N. OCLC 67857720.

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15

Andreossy, [Antoine François]. Constantinople et le Bosphore de Thrace, pendant les... années 1812, 1813 et 1814, et pendant l'année 1826, avec un atlas composé de six planches gravées, et de quatre paysages lithographiés. Paris, Théophile Barrois & Benj. Duprat, J. S. Merlin, 1828. Paris, Théophile Barrois & Benj. Duprat, J. S. Merlin, 1828. 8vo. (4), XLIV, 525, (1) pp. Contemp. half calf with giltstamped spine title. With the folio atlas: 6 engr. maps and plans and 4 lithogr. views. Contemp. half calf over marbled boards, with original printed wrapper cover on upper cover.

EUR 4,500.00

First edition, text and atlas together. Descended from a family of canal builders, Antoine François Conte Andreossi (1761-1828) served at the French embassy in Constantinople from 1811 to 1814, when he was recalled to France by Louis XVIII, much to the dismay of the local French community. Some of the plates show his beloved waterways and fountains; they also include a view of the Hippodrome and Mosque of Sultan Ahmed. - Slight worming to hinges of atlas; old stamp to first engraved plates. Bookplate of Dr. Th. Weber (no. 518).
¶ Atabey 22. Blackmer 33. Weber I, 154f. Brunet I, 276. Graesse I, 122. Not in Aboussouan.

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Early Life of the Prophet
16

Andrés, Juan. De zeer wonderlijcke ende warachtighe historie van Mahomet.... Inde welcke beschreven ende verhaelt wordt zijn gheboorte, afcomste, leven ende valsche leeringhe, mette confutatie oft wederlegginge van den Alcoran ende quade secte des selfs Mahomet [...]. Antwerp, Guillaem van Parijs, 1580. Antwerp, Guillaem van Parijs, 1580. 8vo. 149, (9) ff, with half-page woodcut of Muhammad and his followers on title page and full-page woodcut printer's device on final leaf. 17th century embossed vellum with manuscript title on spine, sprinkled edges.

Extremely rare first edition of this early Dutch "Life of Muhammad", illustrated with a woodcut of the bearded Prophet preaching to three prostrate devotees. Authored anonymously by "G. S.", the work suggests an unusual European interest in the founder of Islam - at a particularly tense moment in relations between the West and the Islamic World, shortly after the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. It is formidably rare, and is not recorded at Anglo-American or German auctions in the last 50 years. - As the title suggests, the present work was designed to offer a "very remarkable and true History of Muhammad, in which is described and treated his birth, lineage, life and teachings". Although ostensibly a translation of an earlier 16th century work by the Spanish Muslim-turned-Christian Juan Andrés, the "Warachtighe Historie van Mahomet" is in fact a skillful re-working of Andrés meant to focus the reader's attention on the central figure of Muhammad, rather than on the religion itself. Comparison of the present text with the Spanish original indicates that it is in fact based only loosely on Andrés's text. Instead, the "Warachtighe Historie van Mahomet" presents Muhammad's life in detail before discussing, for example, his status as a prophet and the miracles worked by him. Its dozens of chapter headings, as a glance at the table of contents shows, almost all explicitly center around Muhammad himself: "The Jews of Medina argue against Muhammad"; "Muhammad's Men take the City of Mecca"; "Muhammad comes to the aid of Heraclius against the King of Persia"; etc. The "History of Muhammad" continues through to his illness and death, as well as a few chapters on his successors Abu Bakr and Umar (fol. 90). An overview of the contents of the Qur'an is also given (fols. 91-95), and a lengthy dialogue is reproduced in full between the rabbi Abdias Ben Shalom (subsequently known as Abdallah Ibn Shelem) and Muhammad, who eventually converts the Jew - a passage found at the end of the Qur'an. Whatever his motives, the composer of the present Dutch "translation" evidently had a remarkably keen interest in the historical personage of Muhammad, and it is the Prophet's life and deeds which become the focus of the narrative. - As Vincente Cantarino notes, "after the middle of the fifteenth century, and as a direct consequence of the Ottoman expansion in eastern Europe, there was a resurgence of the medieval interest in the composition of treatises dealing with and arguing against the religion of Islam" (p. 27). The most important western work on Islam during this period was undoubtedly Juan Andrés's "Confusion de la Secta Mahometica y d'l Alcora". Andrés, who had only converted in 1487, was unique among early Christian writers on Islam. "The authority that the author commanded was due in part to the fact that he had been a Muslim alfaqui and had become a priest and a missionary after his conversion to Christianity" (p. 28). Of Andrés's early life we know very little: "His father, Abdala, was an alfaqui in the same city. His education was strictly religious and that he seems to have known the Koran well and been familiar with the Sunna, Sira, and Koran commentators" (ibid). To date, Andrés's work has received only cursory attention in the relevant literature, and the present "translation" seems so rare that it is virtually unknown to scholars. With its curiously explicit focus on Muhammad, however, this Dutch adaptation reveals much about northern European attitudes towards a Muslim enemy they had never encountered in the flesh, and is certainly worthy of further scholarly research in itself. - Lengthy closed tear on leaf 80 not affecting the legibility of the text; otherwise a very good copy, pages clean and fresh.
¶ Chauvin XI, no. 524 (tentatively attributed to Esquivel de Alava). Belgica Typographica 7197. OCLC 68838554. USTC 407827 (5 copies, 3 in Antwerp). Not mentioned in John Tolan, "European Accounts of Muhammad's Life", in The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad. - On Andres' original work cf. Vincente Cantarino, "From Spoken to Written Language and Back: Some cultural considerations on Hispano-Arabic phonetics", in: Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics VI, pp. 25-36; and Ryan Szpiech, "Preaching Paul to the Moriscos: The Confusión o confutación de la secta Mahomética y del Alcorán (1515) by Juan Andrés", in: La Coronica 41.1 (2012), pp. 317-343.

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17

Angèlio da Barga (Bargaeus), Pietro. [Syrias.] Hierosolyma hoc est expeditio illa celeberrima Christianorum... principum, qua Goffredo Bulione duce à Turcarum tyrannide Hierusalem liberatur. Florence, Giovanni Donato, Bernardino Giunta, & Soc., 1616. Florence, Giovanni Donato, Bernardino Giunta, & Soc., 1616. 4to. (26), 496, (2) pp. With woodcut printer's device to t. p. and several historiated initials. Contemp. limp vellum with ms. spine title "Carmina Barge".

EUR 2,800.00

Epic poem on the events of the first crusade (1486-99), led by Godfrey of Bouillon. The work was written at almost the same time as Tasso's like-themed "Gerusalemme Liberata": while this is the first edition under the title "Hierosolyma", it was actually already published in Paris in 1582 (bks. 1-2) and 1584 (bks. 3-4), then in Rome in 1585 (bks. 1-6), and finally, in all 12 books, separately in 1591 under the title "Syrias" (cf. Brunet I, 288). Petrus Angelus Bargaeus (1517-92) was a scholar and professor at the universities of Pisa and Rome. - Rather strong brownstaining, occasional waterstaining. Some contemporary underlining and ms. line-numbers supplied throughout. OCLC locates single copy in America (Houghton Library, Harvard).
¶ BMC 5:448. NUC 16.619. Bruni/Evans 232. OCLC 82107113. Cf. Brunet I, 288.

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The Nile Flooding and the Plague in Egypt
18

Antes, John. Observations on the Manners and Customs of the... Egyptians, the Overflowing of the Nile and its Effects. London, Stockdale, 1800. London, Stockdale, 1800. 4to. 139, (5) pp. With folding engr. map. Later cloth.

EUR 850.00

First edition. - Includes observations "on the Plague in Egypt", "on the Overflowing of the RIver Nile, and the Qualities of its Water", "on the Climate and Seasons of the Year in Egypt", and "on the Situation of Egypt relative toi commercial Advantages", as well as "A Specimen of Turkish Justice, or, rather, of that of the Mamelucks in Egypt". John Antes was a missionary of the Moravian Church resident in Egypt from 1770 to 1781. He "produced this work in answer to those of Savary and Volney" (Blackmer). - Some foxing to title page. This copy is from the collection of the author's descendants, with several inscriptions on the flyleaf. Later in the Ottoman collection of the Swiss industrialist Herry W. Schaefer.
¶ Atabey 25. Blackmer 36. Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 38. Blake 16. OCLC 4415058.

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19

Anville, [Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d']. L'Euphrate et le Tigre. Paris, Imprimerie Royale, 1779. Paris, Imprimerie Royale, 1779. 4to. 148, XII pp. With engr. folding map (535 x 448 mm) with borders in contemp. colour. Early 19th-c. brown calf; giltstamped spine rebacked.

EUR 2,500.00

Very rare topographical work about Mesopotamia and Babylonia, written by one of the greatest cartographers and geographical writers of his age. The large-format map was also sold separately and is almost never encountered together with the book it was meant to accompany. It shows the area from Kayseri in Anatolia to Tabriz and Basra and "offre les noms anciens et modernes placés comparativemente" (Notice, no. 54). The supplement on Basra announced at the end of the books is not bound with any known copy and was probably never published; the Anville bibliography states "160 pages" (i.e., 148+12). - Covers somewhat rubbed; spine, corners and inner hinges restored in the early 20th c. A somewhat foxed, but wide-margined copy. Covers bear giltstamped arms of the "Society of Writers to the Signet", one of the oldest British legal associations (founded in 1594); their shelfmarks on pastedown; their contemporary ms. ownership note on t. p. The Burrell copy (described as "without the supplement on Basra") fetched £632 in 1999.
¶ Notice des ouvrages de M. d'Anville (1802), no. 54 (cartes) & 36 (ouvr. impr.). Brunet I, 339. OCLC 558160044.

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The Ottoman state and its officials in contemporary portraits, coloured by hand
20

Arif Pacha, Muchir. Les Anciens Costumes de l'Empire Ottoman, depuis l'origine... de la monarchie jusqu'a la reforme du Sultan Mahmoud. Paris, Lemercier, 1863. Paris, Lemercier, 1863. Folio (548 x 400 mm). Vol. I (all published). Lithographic calligraphic title, portrait of Arif Pasha, drawn on stone by M. Julien, 16 tinted lithographic plates after Arif, coloured and finished by hand. Modern cloth.

EUR 35,000.00

First edition of this valuable and beautifully illustrated survey of the costumes worn at the court of the Ottoman Empire, published with the text in both French and Turkish. Ministers, state officials and military officers (including intelligence service) are shown in full costume with their functions captioned in Arabic and French below. Although the lithographic title states 'Tome 1er', no further volume was published in either language. - Arif Pasha fought against the Greeks at Athens and at Euboea (1826-28), and in Syria against Mehmet Ali. His career included a number of missions for the Sultan and his appointment, in 1861, as governor of the province of Silistria. - A little marginal soiling, a few closed tears, portrait lacking tip of lower corner, but overall a good, complete copy of the rare coloured issue.
¶ Atabey 30. Blackmer 43. Lipperheide 1440m. Colas I, 148.

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The Ottoman state and its officials in contemporary portraits
21

Arif Pacha, Muchir. Les Anciens Costumes de l'Empire Ottoman, depuis l'origine... de la monarchie jusqu'a la reforme du Sultan Mahmoud. Paris, Lemercier, 1863. Paris, Lemercier, 1863. Folio (548 x 400 mm). Vol. I (all published). Lithographic portrait of Arif Pasha, on India paper mounted, drawn on stone by M. Julien, 16 tinted lithographic plates after Arif. (Lacking lithographic title, toning to text). Contemp. black half morocco over black cloth-covered boards with gilt title to spine.

EUR 25,000.00

First edition of the valuable and beautifully illustrated survey of the costume worn at the court of the Ottoman Empire, published with the text in both French and Turkish. Ministers, state officials and military officers (including intelligence service) are shown in full costume with their functions captioned in Arabic and French below. Although the lithographic title states 'Tome 1er', no further volume was published in either language. - Arif Pasha fought against the Greeks at Athens and at Euboea (1826-28), and in Syria against Mehmet Ali. His career included a number of missions for the Sultan and his appointment in 1861 as governor of the province of Silistria.
¶ Atabey 30. Blackmer 43. Lipperheide 1440m. Colas I, 148.

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22

Arnù, Niccolò. Presagio dell'imminente rovina e caduta dell'imperio Ottomano. Venice, Pietro Antonio Brigonci, 1686. Venice, Pietro Antonio Brigonci, 1686. 4to. (8), 91, (1) pp. With several historiated woodcut initials. Modern wrappers.

EUR 2,500.00

Second edition of this compilation of prophecies about the expected downfall of the Ottoman Empire. First published in 1684, the year after the failed Ottoman siege of Vienna. - Niccolò Arnù (1629-92) held the chair of Metaphysics at the university of Padova; among his many works is a commentary on the "Summa Theologica" of St. Thomas Aquinas (cf. Wetzer/Welte I, 1440). - Formerly in the Ottoman collection of the Swiss industrialist Herry W. Schaefer.
¶ ICCU BVEE45772. Not in STC.

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23

[Arvieux, Laurent d']. Voyage dans la Palestine, vers le Grand Emir,... Chef des Princes Arabes du Desert, connus sous le nom de Bedouins, ou d'Arabes Scenites, qui se disent la vraie posterité d'Ismael fils d'Abraham [...]. Avec la description générale de l'Arabie, faite par Ismael Abulfeda, traduite en François [...] par M. [Jean] de la Roque. Amsterdam, Steenhouwer und Uytwerf, 1718. Amsterdam, Steenhouwer und Uytwerf, 1718. 8vo. (46), 342, (6) pp. With engr. frontispiece and 4 engr. plates (1 folding). Contemp. calf with giltstamped red label to gilt spine. Marbled pastedowns.

EUR 2,000.00

Second edition of this travelogue, first published from the author's posthumous papers by La Roque in 1717. D'Arvieux (1635-1702) lived in the Levant for a long time, spending six years at Aleppo as French consul, and collected these important observations on the Arabic Bedouins of the area. "His observations, which departed greatly from what had been formerly reported about the Bedouins, were received with doubt, but were confirmed by later travellers such as Niebuhr" (cf. Henze I, 101). The plates show costumes and the Bedouin camp on Mt. Carmel (with a view of Haifa). - Binding rubbed and slightly bumped. Browned throughout due to paper; insignificant worming near beginning and end. Old catalogue entry mounted on front pastedown; t. p. has ms. ownership of the library of St. Lambert (dated 1749).
¶ Weber II, 337. Gay 3452. Röhricht 1112 & 1207. Tobler 108. Hage Chahine 180. Henze I, 101.

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With an important map of the Peninsula
24

Avril, Adolphe, Baron d'. L'Arabie contemporaine. Avec la description du pèlerinage de... la Mecque et une nouvelle carte géographique de Kiepert. Paris, E. Maillet & Challamel Ainé, 1868. Paris, E. Maillet & Challamel Ainé, 1868. 8vo. (4), 313, (3) pp. Contemp. red morocco on four raised bands, with blindstamped covers and giltstamped title to spine. Marbled endpapers.

First and only edition of this rare description of the Arabian Peninsula and its inhabitants, as well as of the Muslims' annual pilgrimage to Mecca. The French diplomat Louis-Marie-Adolphe Lévesque, Baron d'Avril (1822-1904), served as Minister Plenipotentiary. Includes Heinrich Kiepert's groundbreaking map of the region (in German, folding, with slight tear near inner edge). Interior somewhat foxed throughout; altogether a good, very appealingly bound copy in excellent condition. Sold for £2,800 at Sotheby's (Oct 14, 1999, lot 61: Burrell copy).
¶ Macro, Bibliography of the Arabian Peninsula, 810. Gay 3605. Pirenne 309.

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Important notes on the Middle East, China, Russia, etc.
25

Avril, Philippe, SJ. Travels into divers parts of Europe and Asia,... undertaken by the French king's order to discover a new way by land into China [...] Together with a description of Great Tartary, and of the different people who inhabit there [...] To which is added, a supplement extracted from Hakluyt and Purchas; giving an account of several journeys over land from Russia, Persia, and the Moguls country to China. London, Tim Goodwin, 1693. London, Tim Goodwin, 1693. 12mo. (12), 191, (1) pp. 178, (2) pp. With title-page printed in red and black. Modern half calf.

EUR 2,500.00

First English edition of an account by the French missionary Philippe Avril, relating his travels in search of an overland route to China and the Far East. Avril embarked in 1685 in Livorno and travelled through Syria, Kurdistan, Armenia and Persia. He returned to France via Constantinople, Russia, Moldavia and Poland, arriving home in 1690. - Owner's entry on title page. Annotated in pencil. Some minor browning; tear in A2; otherwise in good condition.
¶ De Backer/Sommervogel I, 706. Howgego I, A142 (p. 70). Cordier, Sinica, cols. 2088f. Cox I, 75f. ESTC R16481. Löwendahl 207. Lust 311. Morrison I, 311. Wing A4275.

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26

[Bahrein] - Cox, L[eslie] R[eginald]. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India. Palaeontologica... Indica, being figures and descriptions of the organic remains procured during the progress of the geological survey of India. Published by order of the Government of India. New Series. Vol. XXII, Memoir No. 2. Plates I to VIII. Fossil Mollusca from Southern Persia (Iran) and Bahrein Island. Calcutta & Delhi, Geological Survey of India, 1936. Calcutta & Delhi, Geological Survey of India, 1936. Large folio (268 x 365 mm). (4), II, 69, (3) pp. With 8 numbered plates.

EUR 450.00

Scientific, well-illustrated study of fossil mollusca from the Gulf region, in particular those found in Bahrein. Inscribed by the author to the British geologist Arthur Elijah Trueman (1894-1956): "Professor A. E. Trueman, With the Author's kind regards" and with Trueman's ownership stamp.
¶ OCLC 10180767.

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First edition of the Arabic text
27

[Bakhtiyar Namah.] Knös, Gustav (ed.). [Kitab Qissat al-`asr wuzara wa-ma gara lahum ma`a... ibn al-malik Azad Baht]. Historia decem vezirorum et filii regis Azad Bacht insertis undecim aliis narrationibus. Göttingen, Heinrich Dieterich, 1807. Göttingen, Heinrich Dieterich, 1807. 8vo (182 x 113 mm). (2), 114, (10) pp. Contemp. green boards with giltstamped label to spine.

EUR 1,500.00

First edition of the Arabic text. The Swedish scholar Gustaf Knös (1773-1828) studied in Göttingen and (under Silvestre de Sacy) in Paris. He held the Uppsala chair of oriental languages from 1814 until 1828. Apart from his large Syriac chrestomathy, his edition of the "Bakhtiyar Namah", or "History of the Ten Viziers" (an offshoot story of the 1001 Arabian Nights, in which the Arabic version of the tale is sometimes included), was to become his principal work. The present edition, based on a manuscript discovered in Cairo, contains the Arabic text only; a Latin translation with annotations followed (in dissertation form) in 1814. Later, following a spiritial crisis, Knös lost all interest in philology and produced no more works. - Spine somewhat sunned. An excellent, virtually unbrowned copy.
¶ Chauvin VIII, p. 13 (note). Schnurrer 419. Brill, EI1, II, 603. Kayser III, 371. NYPL Arabia coll. 193. OCLC 186765709.

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First printed record of Abu Dhabi and Dubai
28

Balbi, Gasparo. Viaggio dell'Indie Orientali. Venice, Camillo Borgominieri, 1590. Venice, Camillo Borgominieri, 1590. 8vo. (16), 159 (but: 149), (23) ff. Woodcut title device (with touches of contemp. colour), woodcut foliated initials and woodcut navigational diagram on fol. 144. Contemp. limp vellum with ms. title to spine; lacks ties. Stored in custom-made giltstamped morocco clamshell case.

First edition of this travelogue by the Venetian state jeweller and merchant, containing much information useful to the contemporary merchant, including rates of exchange, duties, travel routes and distances as well as a detailed account of the pearling grounds in the Arabian Gulf. As only recent research by B. J. Slot (cf. below) has revealed, Balbi was "the first writer to record the place names between al-Qatif and Oman that are still in use today" (UAE: A New Perspective, 74). Thus, the present volume constitutes the earliest printed source for the history of the UAE, Qatar, and Oman. Balbi's "interest in the area lay in the pearls that came from the oyster beds of which the most extensive are those in the waters around al-Bahrayn, those off the Qatar peninsula and especially those in the western waters of Abu Dhabi. Either taking his information first-hand from a local individual or using a navigator’s list, Balbi recorded place-names along the coast of modern Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of Oman [...] he is the first to refer to many of these places using the names by which they are known today" (G. King, cf. below). According to Slot, "practically none of the names of places on the coast between Qatar and Ras al Khaima occur in other sources before the end of the eighteenth century" (36). The present work is also of the utmost significance for "includ[ing] the first European record of the Bani Yas tribe" (UAE yearbook 2005, 46) - the first printed mention of the largest and most important tribe of the Arabian Peninsula, from which emerged both the Al Nahyan and the Al Maktoum dynasties, today's ruling families of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. - Rare: the present original edition is recorded in no more than some 20 copies worldwide (only two in the U.S., according to OCLC); most libraries hold only the Rome 1962 reprint or the mikrofiche edition (New Haven 1974). An Arabic translation was published in 2008 (OCLC 298925737); an English translation has not been prepared to this day. - An excellent copy from the library of the French librarian and theological writer (Joseph) Léon Clugnet (1848-1920) with his ownership, dated 1882 and numbered 335, on the title page.
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 3930. BM-STC Italian 68. Howgego I, B7. Cordier Japonica 112. Brunet I, 618. Graesse I, 279. Goldsmiths' 251. Kress library of economic literature S 276. Ibrahim Al Abed, Peter Hellyer. United Arab Emirates: A New Perspective. London 2001. Slot, B. J. The Arabs of the Gulf, 1602-1784. Leidschendam, published with the support of the Cultural Foundation Abu Dhabi, 1993. Geoffrey King. Delmephialmas and Sircorcor: Gasparo Balbi, Dalmâ, Julfâr and a problem of transliteration. In: Arabian archeology and epigraphy 17 (2006) 248-252. United Arab Emirates yearbook 2005 by Ibrahim Al-Abed, Paula Vine, Peter Hellyer. London 2005. Heritage Library, Qatar, p. 17. Carter, Robert A. Sea of Pearls, p. 79. Not in Adams.

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The first printed record of Abu Dhabi and Dubai
29

Balbi, Gasparo. Aanmerklyke zee en land-reysen [...] naar Oost-Indien, van't... jaar 1579 tot het jaar 1588. Leiden, Pieter van der Aa, 1706. Leiden, Pieter van der Aa, 1706. 8vo. (2), 153, (19) pp. With Van der Aa's engraved device on title-page, 10 double-page engraved plates, and 1 folding engraved map. (Forms the final part of:) Aa, Pieter van der. Naaukeurige versameling der gedenk-waardigste Zee en Land-Reysen, na Oost en West-Indien. Ibid., 1707.

First Dutch edition of Balbi's acclaimed "Viaggio dell' Indie Orientali", first published in Italian in 1590. Balbi, a Venetian jewel merchant, travelled extensively in the Arabian Peninsula in search of precious stones. From Venice he sailed for Aleppo, proceeding to Bir and from there overland to Baghdad, descending the Tigris to Basra, where he embarked for India. While in the Persian Gulf, he studied the pearl industry, noting that the best pearls were to be found at Bahrain and Julfar. He refers to islands in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (including Sir Bani Yas and Das) and to several coastal settlements that were to become permanently established, such as Dubai and Ras al Khaima. Balbi was the first to record the place names along the coast of modern Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Practically "none of the names of places on the coast between Qatar and Ras al Khaima occur in other sources before the end of the eighteenth century" (Slot). - Bound with four other 16th-century travel reports, all published independently by van der Aa but re-issued as a collection in 1707.
¶ Howgego I, B7. Klaversma & Hannema 79 (incomplete). STCN (7 copies). Cf. Cordier, Japonica, col. 112. Slot, The Arabs of the Gulf, 1602-1784 (Leidschendam, 1993), p. 36ff.

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The first printed record of Abu Dhabi and Dubai
30

Balbi, Gasparo. Aanmerklyke zee en land-reysen [...] naar Oost-Indien, van't... jaar 1579 tot het jaar 1588. Leiden, Pieter van der Aa, 1706. Leiden, Pieter van der Aa, 1706. 8vo. (2), 153, (19) pp. With Van der Aa's engr. device on title-page and 10 double-page engr. plates (wants the folding engr. map). Modern marbled boards.

EUR 1,800.00

First Dutch edition of Balbi's acclaimed "Viaggio dell' Indie Orientali", first published in Italian in 1590. Balbi, a Venetian jewel merchant, travelled extensively in the Arabian Peninsula in search of precious stones. From Venice he sailed for Aleppo, proceeding to Bir and from there overland to Baghdad, descending the Tigris to Basra, where he embarked for India. While in the Persian Gulf, he studied the pearl industry, noting that the best pearls were to be found at Bahrain and Julfar. He refers to islands in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (including Sir Bani Yas and Das) and to several coastal settlements that were to become permanently established, such as Dubai and Ras al Khaima. Balbi was the first to record the place names along the coast of modern Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Practically "none of the names of places on the coast between Qatar and Ras al Khaima occur in other sources before the end of the eighteenth century" (Slot). - Brownstained and slightly wrinkled, with occasional edge defects.
¶ Howgego I, B7. Klaversma & Hannema 79 (incomplete). STCN (7 copies). Cf. Cordier, Japonica, col. 112. Slot, The Arabs of the Gulf, 1602-1784 (Leidschendam, 1993), p. 36ff.

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