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'Abd al-Basit ibn Musá `Almawi / Sauvaire, H[enri]. Description de Damas. Traductions de l'Arabe. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1895-1896. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1895-1896. 8vo. 2 parts in 1 vol. (4), 318 pp. (4), 441, (1) pp. Modern red half morocco with giltstamped spine title; original blue printed wrappers bound within.

EUR 4,500.00

First edition in book form ("Extrait du Journal Asiatique, 9. sér., v. 3-7, 1894-96"). The French scholar Henri Sauvaire (1849-96), a leading photographer and numismatic collector, served as a Consul in Damascus and Casablanca. He spent the last years of his life writing on Arab culture. In 1864 he embarked on translating into French the "Description of Damascus" by Abd al-Basit al-Amawi, who lived in Damascus in the mid-16th century (d. 1573/4). - Rare and well-preserved. {BN#28985}
¶ OCLC 23427282.

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The most important voyages from the 15th to the end of the 17th century, including the first edition of Balbi's travelogue to the Middle East in Folio

Aa, Pieter van der (ed.) / Gottfried, Johann Ludwig (falsely attributed to). De aanmerkenswaardigste en alomberoemde zee- en landreizen der... Portugeezen, Spanjaarden, Engelsen en allerhande natiën: zoo van Fransen, Italiaanen, Deenen, Hoogh- en Nederduitsen als van veele andere volkeren. Voornaamenlyk ondernomen tot ontdekking van de Oost- en Westindiën, midsgaders andere verafgelegene gewesten des aardryks. The Hague and Leiden, widow of Engelbrecht Boucquet and sons, Jan van der Deyster, and Boudewijn and Pieter van der Aa, 1727. The Hague and Leiden, widow of Engelbrecht Boucquet and sons, Jan van der Deyster, and Boudewijn and Pieter van der Aa, 1727. 8 vols. 1mo and folio. With 7 (of 8) engraved frontispieces (lacking that of volume 4), 4 engraved dedications, 117 engraved maps on 61 leaves, 7 engraved plates and 502 engravings in text. Further with 127 (of 128) title-pages (including a general title-page, a title-page to 7 (of 8) volumes, lacking that of volume 4, and 118 for the separate works). Volume 1-3 & 5-8: contemporary mottled calf, gold-tooled spine and board edges; volume 4: modern calf.

EUR 65,000.00

Large paper copy of the so-called "folio-edition" (although here mostly printed as 1mo) of Van der Aa's voluminous collection of important voyages to the East and West Indies and other countries, undertaken by all European countries, other than the Dutch. Including voyages by Acosta, Balbi, Cabot, Cavendish, Chester, Columbus, Cortes, Coutinho, Da Cunha, Drake, Evesko, Frobisher, Gallonye, Da Gama, Garay, Garcia, Gilbert, Jenkinson, Harcourt, Herberer, Magallanes, Mildenhal and Cartwright, Mouette, Petelin and Andrasko, Raleigh, Saris, De Soto, etc. - The work is falsely attributed on the title-page to Johan Lodewijk Gottfried, by Van der Aa, most likely because he made good money publishing Gottfried's "Chronicle" in 1702. In reality Gottfried had nothing to do with the present work. The work was edited and co-published by Pieter van der Aa, known for his ambitious projects. Where other publishers were primarily concerned about the profits, Van der Aa wanted to publish outstanding books. For the present series of travels he either reused and revised older Dutch translations or had the original accounts translated for the first time into Dutch. In 1706 he already started publishing the translated voyages both in small (8vo) and large instalments (folio or 1mo), and a year later he published a 28-volume set of the 8vo editions. The folio editions were afterwards issued and divided in four large collections of two volumes each. The present issue, is a reissue of these four collections with their own independent tile-pages and frontispieces, and ads a new general title-page and list of subscribers. - While all sets seem to be described as "folio" the present set is printed mainly as 1mo, with some occasional quires in folio. And as the large editions of the two volume sets were available on normal paper (80 guilders) and on large paper (100 guilders; Hoftijzer, p. 43), it seems very likely the present set is one printed on large paper. All leaves are unwatermarked and the 1mo leaves are only slightly trimmed (measuring 396 x 238 mm with the tranchefiles often still visible) the folio leaves are trimmed more and don't have visible tranchefiles. The fourth volume is from a different set which is trimmed down much more, but also combines both 1mo and folio leaves. - Some occasional spots, a couple minor restorations and a few wormholes; a very good set, but with the fourth volume from a different and heavily trimmed set (though printed on the same large paper), in a modern binding and lacking the frontispiece and the title-page to the volume. The seven volumes with contemporary bindings slightly worn along the extremities and with some minor wear on the sides, but otherwise very good. {BN#45571}
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 1942f. Muller, America 1889. Sabin 3 (note). Tiele, Bibl. 10. For Van der Aa: P.G. Hoftijzer, Pieter van der Aa (1659-1733), Leids drukker en boekverkoper (1999).

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The Muslim festivity of Al-Ashura

Abbate, Washington. [Al-Asura]. Al-Achoura. Par Washington Abbate. (Croquis de l’auteur).... Cairo, Imprimerie Franco-Égyptienne, 1888. Cairo, Imprimerie Franco-Égyptienne, 1888. Folio (254 x 355 mm). 14 leaves (letterpress within lithographed illustrated borders). Loose in original wrapper covers with title printed in French and (in gilt letters) Arabic. Stored in custom-made green half morocco case.

EUR 3,500.00

Beautifully illustrated publication on the Muslim festivity of Al-Ashura. For Shia Muslims, Ashura, the tenth day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar, marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram and commemorates the death of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala. Illustrated by the author throughout; a fine, late production of the French press in Egypt. - Contemporary ownership stamp "A.T." to upper cover. Covers slightly stained, otherwise a very good copy. Rare. {BN#50077}
¶ OCLC 456737731.

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[Abdul Hamid II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1842-1918)]. Secretarial document with gilt tughra of Abdülhamid II.... No place, [1888]. No place, [1888]. Large folio (ca. 37 x 57 cm). 1 p.

EUR 3,500.00

Traces of folds; some slight paper flaws. Austrian revenue stamp (50 kreuzers), dated 1888, affixed to upper left corner. Calligraphic notes in Ottoman Turkish on reverse (ink somewhat oxydized). {BN#49418}

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A Grand Tourist in the Middle East

[Abdulmejid I]. Ottoman travelling firman for Sir Jacob Henry Preston. [Constantinople], ca. 1840. [Constantinople], ca. 1840. Ca. 550 x 770 mm. Ottoman Turkish manuscript with large Tughra of Sultan Abdülmecid I (reigned 1839-61). 1 page. Black ink on single sheet of sturdy, smoothed laid paper (watermark: "GFA"; Fratelli Gava manufactory of Lombardy & Venice?).

EUR 1,800.00

A scarce example of a mid-19th century Levantine manuscript firman granting permission to travel in the Ottoman Empire, issued to Sir Jacob Henry Preston (1812-91), 2nd baronet of Beeston St Lawrence. Preston was educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A. 1832); his seat was at Beeston Hall near Norwich in Norfolk. - Traces of old folds. Small stain with related small hole not affecting text; contemporary ink annotation on verso: "Travelling firman for Sir Jacob Henry Preston". In fine condition. {BN#52174}

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Abidin, Ihsan. Pferdezucht und Pferderassen im osmanischen Reiche. Berlin, Verlag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Züchtungskunde, 1918. Berlin, Verlag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Züchtungskunde, 1918. 8vo. 31, (1) pp., with 47 pp. of black-and-white photo plates. Modern half cloth.

EUR 1,500.00

Rare treatise on the various breeds of Arabian horses in the Ottoman Empire, a translation of the author's "Osmanli atlari", published in Istanbul the previous year. "I have decided to reissue my book in German because, as far as I know, the German language does not possess of an extensive and detailed account of the several horse breeds of Turkey, in especial of the Arabian horse and its various sub-breeds and strains. I was also encouraged by the great interest that Turkey evinces quite generally throughout Germany, and the close economic connexions between these two allied countries which we are to expect after the end of the war may also bring about closer relations in the field of horse breeding [...]" (preface). The copious plate section shows numerous breeds of Arabian horses. - Occasional brownstaining with the odd contemporary German annotation in copying pencil, but well preserved altogether. A single copy outside Germany (Catholic University of Paris); none in America (only a microfilm of the Tübingen copy at Harvard). {BN#49573}
¶ Flugschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Züchtungskunde 42. OCLC 72415601. Not in Boyd/Paul.

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Abidin, Ihsan (Akinci). Osmanli atlari. [Istanbul], Matbaa-i Amire, 1917. [Istanbul], Matbaa-i Amire, 1917. Large 8vo. Various pagings: (2), 12, (18) pp., 1 blank f., 5-20, (2), 45-58, 37,38, 61-80, 79-80, 21-40, 79-228, 5 pp. With 48 numbered leaves of photographic plates. Original printed cloth.

EUR 750.00

Only edition of this Ottoman Turkish book on horse breeding by Ihsan Abidin (1882-1945), published as volume 3 in the "Teksir ve islah-i hayvanat koleksiyonu" series of books on animal breeding. - Some brownstains; binding rubbed and bumped. Very rare; OCLC lists copies only in Harvard and the University of Chicago. {BN#49655}
¶ OCLC 40204344. Not in Boyd/P.

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15th century law manual

Abu al-Barakat 'Abdallah b. Ahmad b. Mahmud al-Nasafi. Kanz al-daqua'iq fi'l-furu (Treasure of Niceties in the... Branches [of Jurisprudence]). No place, Wednesday 17 Rabi` I 882 AH [1477 AD]. No place, Wednesday 17 Rabi` I 882 AH [1477 AD]. Large 4to (176 x 262 mm). Arabic ms. on oriental paper. 325 ff., expertly written naskh script, possibly in more than one hand, black ink with rubrics, usually 6-8 lines to the page, considerable interlinear and marginal glossing. Full-leather Islamic binding with fore-edge flap; original blind tooled ornamentation (medallion).

EUR 12,000.00

Manual on Islamic Law by Abu al-Barakat Abdallah b. Ahmad b. Mahmud al-Nasafi (d. 710/1310), an important Hanafi legist and theologian. Born in Nasaf in Sogdian, he taught in the Madrasa al-Kutbiya al-Sultaniya in Kirman, came to Baghdad in 710 and died in Rabi I 710 (August 1310), apparently on his return journey to Idjadj (in Khuzistan), where he was buried. The Kanz al-Daqa'iq is an important text on Hanafite law and formed the basis for a great number of commentaries, especially in the 9th/14th and 10th/15th centuries (EI² VII, p. 96; GAL II, pp. 250-53). Contains both the Ibadat and the Muamalat. - Final 12 leaves (f. 313ff.) show edge damage with some loss of text. Copied by Khidr b. Shaykh `Ali (colophon in a chancery hand on f. 325v). {BN#30317}
¶ Cf. GAL S II, 265.

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Only printed edition of the Arabic text

Abu al-Fida Isma`il ibn `Ali. Vie de Mohammed. Texte arabe d'Abou'lféda, accompagnié d'une... traduction française et de notes par A. Noël des Vergers. Paris, Imprimerie Royale, 1837. Paris, Imprimerie Royale, 1837. 8vo. 2 parts in one volume. X, 160 pp. (4), 120 pp. Contemp. blindstamped calf, sparsely gilt.

EUR 4,500.00

Only printed edition of this mediaeval biography of the Prophet, "Mukhtasar tarikh al-bashar". Abu'l-Fida, born in Damascus in 1273, was a historian, geographer, military leader, and sultan. The crater Abulfeda on the Moon is named after him. - Includes an annotated French translation by Adolphe Noël des Vergers (1805-67). Binding slightly chafed; lower joint repaired. Slight foxing near beginning and end with occasional browning. A very appealingly bound set. {BN#33428}
¶ GAL II, p. 56. Chauvin XI, 2. Gay 3614. Silvestre de Sacy 1489. Hoefer XXXVIII, 184. Brunet I, 18. Graesse I, 8.

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Important mediaeval geography of the Middle East: first separate printing

Abu al-Fida Isma`il ibn `Ali (Abulfeda). Albulfedae tabula Syriae cum excerpto geographico ex Ibn... Ol Wardii geographia et historia naturali. Arabice nunc primum edidit, latine vertit, notis explanavit Io. Bernhardus Koehler. Leipzig, Schönermarck, 1766. Leipzig, Schönermarck, 1766. Large 4to. (70), 240 pp. Near-contemporary marbled grey boards with giltstamped red spine label.

EUR 2,800.00

First separate edition of this important mediaeval geography of the Middle East, concentrating on Syria. Printed in Latin and Arabic parallel text; edited with an extensive commentary by the versatile oriental scholar J. B. Köhler (1742-1802). Abu'l-Fida, born in Damascus in 1273, was a historian, geographer, military leader, and sultan. The crater Abulfeda on the Moon is named after him. - Extremeties rubbed and bumped. Insignificant browning throughout; ink marginalia by a mid-19th-c. owner, probably the Hamburg theologian and educator Carl Bertheau (1806-86), whose bookplate is on the front pastedown. {BN#33244}
¶ GAL II, 46. Ebert 29. Hamberger/Meusel IV, 189. ADB XVI, 444.

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Important mediaeval geography of the Middle East: first separate printing

Abu al-Fida Isma`il ibn `Ali (Abulfeda). Albulfedae tabula Syriae cum excerpto geographico ex Ibn... Ol Wardii geographia et historia naturali. Arabice nunc primum edidit, latine vertit, notis explanavit Io. Bernhardus Koehler. Leipzig, Schönermarck, 1766. Leipzig, Schönermarck, 1766. Large 4to. (70), 240 pp. Contemporary half calf with giltstamped spine label.

EUR 3,500.00

First separate edition of this important mediaeval geography of the Middle East, concentrating on Syria. Printed in Latin and Arabic parallel text; edited with an extensive commentary by the versatile oriental scholar J. B. Köhler (1742-1802). Abu'l-Fida, born in Damascus in 1273, was a historian, geographer, military leader, and Sultan. The crater Abulfeda on the Moon is named after him. - Insignificant browning throughout as common; contemp. ownership (1840) to front pastedown. {BN#47800}
¶ GAL II, 46. Ebert 29. Hamberger/Meusel IV, 189. ADB XVI, 444.

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Liber Genethliacus of Abu Bakr al-Hasan, From the Same Press as Copernicus’s "De Revolutionibus"

Abu Bakr al-Hasan ibn al-Hasib al Harasi (Albubater). [Kitab al mughni fi 'l-mawalid, latine]. Liber genethliacus,... sive De nativitatibus, non solum ingenti rerum scitu dignarum copia, verum etiam iucundissimo illarum ordine conspicuus. Nuremberg, Johann Petreius, 1540. Nuremberg, Johann Petreius, 1540. 4to. (148) pp. With a small floral vignette on the title-page and two woodcut initials. 18th century full vellum with gilt title label on spine.

EUR 9,500.00

First edition under this title, and the definitive edition of the Renaissance. Al-Hasan is "often quoted in astrological works of the Christian middle ages under the name Albubather. He flourished about the middle of the third century A.H., for Ahmad b. Abi Tahir Taifur (died 280 = 893) mentions him in his Kitab Baghdad as a contemporary" (Suter). Notable is the scholar-printer responsible for the work: Johannes Petraeus was soon to cement his historical reputation by printing Copernicus's "De Revolutionibus" (1543). In the present work, Petraeus offers his own justification for printing the work of Al-Hasan alongside such luminaries, for "true majestic Astronomy is on a higher level than the things intelligible to students. However this should not dissuade them from its handmaiden, Astrology, as its fruits and rewards are adjudged to be pure, and itself offering many advantages" (preface to the reader). Astronomy was properly regarded as being essential for deriving accurate figures needed for the sciences of Astrology and Prognostication; a heavily annotated copy of this edition of Al-Hasan is known from Tycho Brahe’s library (cf. Prandtl, Die Bibliothek des Tycho Brahe), and Robert Westman has argued that Copernicus not only embraced astrology but sought to defend it in his "De Revolutionibus" ("Copernicus and the Astrologers", Dibner Library Lecture, 2013). - The important 9th century astrologer and physician Abu Bakr al-Hasan is best known for this work on casting nativities, or divination as to the destinies of newborns, which was "translated by Salio of Padua in or around 1218. The work is extant in a least seven manuscripts and four early printed editions from 1492 to 1540. A treatise in 206 chapters on nativities (birth horoscopes) providing answers to a wide number of questions pertaining to the twelve houses" (The Warburg Institute, Bibliotheca Astrologica Latina). The questions range from correct aspects of insemination and conception to the effects of delayed birth; the effects of the moon and planets on the pregnancy; the feeding of the newborn; and even whether the birth will take place "modestly" or "immodestly". According to Al-Hasan, if Mars and Mercury align, the newborn will unfortunately be a liar; he also gives guidelines for how to determine whether the offspring will be pious; whether s/he will be a "hypocrite"; intelligent; gifted with a keen memory; foolish; faithful; generous; greedy; jealous; beautiful; argumentative; a fornicator; a thief; a sodomist (chapters 37 & 38); and prone to chastity or prone to sins against nature. - OCLC shows one copy in US libraries, at Brown. - Minor dampstaining to blank margin of a handful of leaves, more pronounced on fol. b4, otherwise only very light browning. Contemporary annotation to fol. h1r, a few modern pencil underlinings and marginal marks. 20th century bookplate of the Italian writer Enrico Gaetani to pastedown. {BN#49046}
¶ VD 16, A 59. Zinner 1732. Houzeau/Lancaster II, 3941. Lalande p. 60. Sarton I.603. Aboussouan 6. Rosenthal 3352. Graesse I, 60. Suter, H., "al-Hasan", in: First Encyclopaedia of Islam III, p. 274f. Carmody, Arabic Astronomical and Astrological Sciences in Latin Translation (Berkeley, 1956), pp. 136f., no. 1. Sezgin, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums VII, p. 123, no. 1.3. Cf. GAL S I, 394.

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HRH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan visits Pakistan

[Abu Dhabi - State Visits to Pakistan]. Photograph archive and album: "Visit to Lahore of... His Highness Sheikh Zaid bin Sultan Alnahayyani the ruler of AbuDhabi (16th to 28th November, 1967). Pakistan, 1967 and 1970. Pakistan, 1967 and 1970. An archive of 183 photographs: 133 loose b/w photos (ca. 30 x 25 cm), 30 smaller photos (ca. 5 x 6 cm) numbered and mounted together on a single sheet of paper, and 20 photos in the album. Original black half morocco, with green cloth sides with title and emblem of Pakistan's United Bank Limited on upper board. Includes numerous rolls of original medium format negatives.

EUR 125,000.00

A trove of unpublished photographs depicting two official visits to Pakistan by HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. The earlier one, in 1967, is documented by a separate photo album containing images of the visit to Lahore, the second largest city of Pakistan, between 16 and 28 November 1967. (Almost 20 years later, in 1986, Sheikh Zayed would donate a hospital to the city, now the "Shaikh Zayed Medical Complex", which is one of the premier medical institutions in the country.) The album opens with a picture of HH Sheikh Zayed arriving in his car; later pictures show him being honoured and presented with an album very similar to the present one, and in the company of officials representing Pakistan's UBL bank (United Bank Limited). - The 30 small photographs show an audience with Sheikh Zayed as well as a banquet in his honour, attended by various Pakistani dignitaries including Agha Hasan Abedi (1922-95), the illustrious founder of UBL. These photos, apparently clipped from a set of medium format contact prints, are mounted on a sheet of coated black photographic paper. - The largest set in size and number shows the state visit that took place on 20-22 January 1970 at the invitation of President Yahya Khan (1917-80). It provides extensive documentation of how the large Abu Dhabi delegation is formally received by Yahya Khan, who served as president of Pakistan between March 1969 and December 1971. Many show HH Sheikh Zayed shaking hands with and speaking to President Yahya; others show the airport reception, formal dinners, speeches, but also informal conversations, members of the delegation handling falcons, and numerous high-ranking Abu Dhabi retainers. Among the persons depicted is again Agha Hasan Abedi, but there are also several pictures of Butti Bin Bishr, secretary to Sheikh Zayed, and of Ahmed Bin Khalifa Al Suwaidi, the first Minister of Foreign Affairs of the UAE and the Personal Representative of Sheikh Zayed. - President Yahya Khan had been "one of the very first international leaders to reach out to Sheikh Zayed after the UAE had been founded and had, prior to this, in July 1970, been instrumental in creating an agreement to provide technical assistance to the then Trucial States. With the December 1971 union agreement approaching, Pakistan was quick to forge even closer ties, and Khan had been one of the first foreign leaders to offer his congratulations and reiterate his country's support when the UAE was born. Full diplomatic ties were then quickly established, and Pakistan became one of the first to extend recognition to the new country [...] All his life Sheikh Zayed had held a personal affinity for Pakistan. He had hunted there extensively, came to know the people, its culture and lands, and enjoyed close ties with leaders" (Wilson). - Binding of the album slightly rubbed. Some of the loose photographs slightly scuffed along the edges, occasional nicks or slight tears, but on the whole in excellent state of preservation. The majority of the photographs are entirely unmarked, save for the odd Arabic inscription or stamp on the reverse. A fine, unpublished set, entirely unknown and without counterparts in the UAEhistory, Keystone or Hulton/Getty press photo archives. From the estate of Azhar Abbas Hashmi (1940-2016), Pakistani financial manager and eminent literary patron with close ties to Karachi University. Long with UBL, Hashmi would serve as the bank's vice-president before founding several important cultural organisations and becoming known as a man of letters in his own right. It was because of Hashmi’s close connections to the Gulf states that Abu Dhabi provided funds to build the Karachi University’s faculty of Islamic studies, along with Sheikh Zayed Islamic Centre and Jamiya Masjid Ibrahi. {BN#49666}
¶ Cf. Graeme H. Wilson: Zayed - Man Who Built a Nation (Dubai 2013), pp. 111f.

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A fascinating 15th-century Arabic manuscript compendium of astrological and occult texts

Abu Ma'shar Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn 'Umar al-Balkhi (Albumasar). Kitab mawalid al-nisa' wa'l-rijal (The Book of Nativities... of Women and Men). [Possibly Iraq], Thursday, 6th Shawwal 860 H [1456 CE]. [Possibly Iraq], Thursday, 6th Shawwal 860 H [1456 CE]. 4to (150 x 207 mm). Arabic manuscript in black ink on paper. 384 pages numbered in pencil, containing 4 discrete texts and a section of fragments, the first 2 in the same hand, the later texts in a variety of hands, all apparently contemporary. Bound in contemporary goatskin decoratively blind-ruled with repeating interstitial floral devices, later decorative cloth tie. Frequent tables and occult symbols; full-page diagrams to pp. 321-333; frequent framed headings. 8 later (19th or early 20th century) leaves laid in at front and rear.

EUR 25,000.00

A fascinating 15th-century Arabic manuscript compendium of astrological and occult texts, including a notably early and dated copy of the Kitab mawalid al-nisa' wa'l-rijal, a treatise on natal astrology attributed to the great astrologer Abu Ma'shar (786-886, known in the West as Albumasar). It is divided into 24 sections, giving a systematic account of each of the twelve constellations, their interactions with other celestial bodies, and the effect on the characteristics and prospects of men and women born under each sign. - Abu Ma'shar was born in Balkh (modern-day Afghanistan) and travelled to Baghdad during the caliphate of al-Ma'mum (813-33), where he became the main rival of al-Kindi, known as the father of Arab philosophy, though principally he "devoted himself to the account and justification of astrology ... He drew together into one great synthesis many ancient traditions Indian, Greek, and Iranian. The Greek influence consisted of the teachings of Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, and Theon. Yet he also drew on Syriac Neoplatonic sources and on al-Kindi for a general metaphysics" (Hackett, "Albumasar", in Gracia & Noone, eds., A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages, p. 102). Abu Ma'shar was an important influence on such thinkers as Albert the Great and Roger Bacon, who commonly referred to him as the "auctor in astronomia", granting him the same status in astronomy that Aristotle enjoyed in philosophy. His immense introduction to astrology, the Kitab al-mudkhal al-kabir ila 'ilm ahkam al-nujum, and his book on planetary conjunctions, the Kitab al-dalalat 'ala 'l-ittisalat wa-qiranat al-kawakib, were both translated into Latin in the 12th century and printed by Erhard Ratdolt in 1489. - The Kitab mawalid al-nisa' wa'l-rijal was printed several times in Cairo during the early 20th century from a variant manuscript. Keiji Yamamoto, Professor of Arabic at Kyoto Sangyo University, notes that the "number of extant manuscripts suggests its high popularity in the Islamic world" (Hockey, ed. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, p. 11). Our manuscript is notable in having a dated colophon. Manfred Ullmann records 13 copies in libraries worldwide, of which none is dated. Of twelve further copies traced, only one of the six copies dated is earlier than the present copy. It has been noted that "the earliest manuscripts of Abu Ma'shar's Kitab al-Mawalid to survive are from the Jalayirid period in the late 14th century" (Stefano Carboni, review of: Wonder, Image, and Cosmos in Medieval Islam by Persis Berlekamp, in: West 86th. A Journal of Decorative Arts, Design History, and Material Culture 19.2 (Fall/Winter 2012), pp. 319-324). We can trace one possible complete copy in commerce, dating from 1988, and ambiguous with regard to the content of the manuscript; a fragment appeared at auction at Christie's South Kensington in 2015. - Abu Ma'shar's work is preceded by another, otherwise untraced astrological text entitled al-Hikmah al-Sulaymaniyah ("The Wisdom of Solomon", pp. 1-108). It is divided into six sections, the first of which provides a short summary of each sign of the Zodiac, followed by a fable in which Solomon approaches whichever ruler is associated with the given sign, and is provided with four differently inscribed amulets. The second treats naming of children. This is followed by passages on the treatment of illnesses depending on the star sign of the afflicted, treatment depending on the day that the illness arises, the auspicious days of each month according to the "Greek" calendar and then of the Arabic calendar, and finally a list of afflictions and curative talismanic inscriptions. - The Kitab mawalid is followed firstly by various unnamed fragments containing occult maxims and passages of Qur'anic exegesis (pp. 300-326). These are in turn followed by an unnamed astrological text (pp. 327-348), in which each page is headed with the name of a celestial body and is followed by ten lines of stylistically formulaic divinatory maxims, for instance, "Mercury ... You have asked me about marriage: it is blessed unto you ... Moon ... You have asked me about marriage: delay it until a later time" (pp. 340f.). Finally, there is a work entitled Hikmat alhuruf ("The Science of Letters", pp. 349-384), an occult text detailing the nature of illnesses in accordance with the first letter of a person's name. Like the first work in this volume, it also bears an apocryphal attribution to Solomon. The final leaf is signed "tamma tamma", indicating completeness. - Binding lightly rubbed overall with minor loss to head of spine and the leather apparently re-stitched along top edges of both boards, contents tanned, occasional smudging, marking and scribal, errata, a few later annotations or embellishments, tide-mark extending from fore edge, legibility only affected between pp. 305 & 320 (this section comprising textual fragments only; text on p. 318 sometime overwritten in blue ink), earlier and later leaves slightly nicked or crumpled at the fore edge with a few closed tears, a few leaves skilfully reinforced along gutter. Overall a very well-preserved Arabic manuscript in a pleasing contemporary binding. {BN#52214}

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Two key works of the Arab astrologer, with French humanist provenance

Abu Ma'shar Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn 'Umar al-Balkhi (Albumasar). Introductorium in astronomiam Albumasaris abalachi octo continens libros... partiales. (Venice, Giacopo Penzio de Leucho for Melchiorre Sessa, 5 Sept. 1506). (Venice, Giacopo Penzio de Leucho for Melchiorre Sessa, 5 Sept. 1506). 4to (165 x 224 mm). (64) ff.; complete with final blank. With woodcut illustration on title, woodcut initials, 43 small woodcuts in the text (22 repeats), 2 diagrams, and printer's device on final leaf verso. - (Bound with) II: Albumasar de magnis coniunctionibus annorum revolutionibus ac eorum profectionibus octo continens tractatus. (Ibid., 31 May 1515). (94) ff. With woodcut illustration on title, woodcut initials, 270 woodcuts in the text, 2 diagrams, and printer's device on final leaf recto. Contemporary French full calf on four raised double bands.

EUR 45,000.00

A humanist sammelband comprising two attractive, finely illustrated Venetian editions of key astrological works by the great Arab astronomer Abu Ma'shar, who furnished the West with Aristotelian thinking. These 12th-century Latin versions of Abu Ma'shar's immense introduction to astrology, "Kitab al-madkhal al-kabir 'ala 'ilm ahkam al-nujum" (translated by Hermann of Carintha), and of his book on planetary conjunctions, "Kitab al-qiranat" (translated by John of Seville; for both cf. GAL I, 221f.), were previously published only by Erhard Ratdolt at Augsburg in 1489. Both of Penzio's Venetian editions are rare; of the first, a single copy is known in the trade since 1952 (sold through us in 2017). - Of all the Arabic writers on astrology, the most imposing is Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abû Ma'shar (c. 787-886), known in the West as Albumasar. Born in Balkh (now Afghanistan), he travelled to Baghdad during the caliphate of al-Ma'mum (813-33) and there became the main rival of al-Kindi, the father of Arab philosophy, though principally he "devoted himself to the account and justification of astrology [...] He drew together into one great synthesis many ancient traditions Indian, Greek, and Iranian. The Greek influence consisted of the teachings of Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, and Theon. Yet he also drew on Syriac Neoplatonic sources and on al-Kindi for a general metaphysics" (Hackett, "Albumasar", in Gracia & Noone, eds., A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages, p. 102). Abu Ma'shar was an important influence on such thinkers as Albert the Great and Roger Bacon, who commonly referred to him as the "auctor in astronomia", granting him the same status in astronomy that Aristotle enjoyed in philosophy. - Binding somewhat rubbed; extremeties and spine professionally restored. From the library of the French theologian and scholar Nicolas Maillard (documented 1508-65), an admirer of Erasmus of Rotterdam, whom he knew and with whom he corresponded, with his autograph humanist ownership "Mallarii kai ton philon" at the top of the first title-page. 17th century ownership of the Barnabites of Annecy ("Collegii Annessiatensis congregationis Sancti Pauli") below the woodcut; a few 18th century bibliographical notes on the pastedowns. Later in the collection of Arthur Brölemann (1826-1904), bibliophile and president of the Tribunal de Commerce de Lyon, with his engraved bookplate on front pastedown. His library was dispersed by his great-granddaughter Blanche Bontoux (Mme. Étienne Mallet) in 1926. {BN#52312}
¶ I: Edit 16, CNCE 822. Adams A 567. Gaselee, Early printed books in Corpus Christi Cambridge, 166. Essling I, 525. Isaac 12913. BM-STC Italian 345. DSB I, 35. Graesse I, 60. Caillet I, 154. The Heritage Library, Scientific Treasures, p. S, no. 31, and p. 30. Panzer VIII, 380, 344. - II: Edit 16, CNCE 823. Adams A 566. Isaac 12926. BM-STC Italian 345. DSB I, 36. Graesse I, 60. Houzeau/L. 3821. IA 102.834. Sander 215. Essling I, 449. Caillet I, 154. Honeyman Coll. 57. The Heritage Library, Scientific Treasures, p. S, no. 32 ("Augsburg" in error). OCLC 31479499.

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(Abu Rashid Sa'id b. Muhammad b. Sa'id al-Nisaburi) / Biram, Arthur. Kitabu 'l-masa'il fi'l-hilaf bejn al-Basrijjin wa 'l-Bagdadijjin. Al-kalam... fi'l gawahir. Die atomistische Substanzenlehre aus dem Buch der Streitfragen zwischen Basrensern und Bagdadensern. Inaugural-Dissertation der hohen philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Leipzig zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde. Berlin, H. Itzkowski, 1902. Berlin, H. Itzkowski, 1902. 8vo. 82, (2), 89, (1) pp. Papered spine.

EUR 850.00

Only edition of this study of Arabic atomism, tracing the dispute in mediaeval Arabic natural philosophy between the theologians of Basra and Baghdad. Includes the Arabic text. {BN#31435}
¶ GAL S I, 344. OCLC 4391682.

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A sixteenth century dervish residing in Constantinople

Abu-'l-Ma`ani al-Bagdadi, Muhammad / Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph von. Juwelenschnüre Abul-Maani's (des Vaters der Bedeutungen) das ist... Bruchstücke eines unbekannten persischen Dichters. Vienna, (van Ghelen'sche Erben für) Anton Doll, 1822. Vienna, (van Ghelen'sche Erben für) Anton Doll, 1822. 8vo. XIX, (1), 196 pp. Contemp. calf with giltstamped cover borders, gilt spine, gilt cover dedication; leading edges gilt; all edges gilt.

EUR 2,800.00

First edition, second impression with corrected title page. Hammer's German translation of verses by a 16th-century dervish residing in Constantinople. - From the library of the Swedish diplomat Ulf Torsten Undén (1877-1962) with his ownership "U. T. Undén" signed twice to endpapers. {BN#45373}
¶ Goedeke VII, 763, 60. Wurzbach VII, 276, 42. WG² 28. Hayn/Gotendorf III, 498. OCLC 41405611.

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A Saxon Arabist's scholarly hoax

Abu-’l Harr al-Mumallih (Pseudo-) / Gliemann, Wilhelm. Viro pietate doctrina humanitate excellentissimo Christiano Wolterstorff kallikrenaioi... [...] Praemissum est Abu’l Charri’l Momallechi ad Abu’l Melchum sapientem carmen arabicum ex duobus codd. mscr. nunc primum editum latine et vernacule conversum adnotationibus criticis et exegeticis instructum. Halle, (Karl August Schwetschke), Gebauer (for the author), 1828. Halle, (Karl August Schwetschke), Gebauer (for the author), 1828. 4to. XII, 23, (5) pp. Arabic letterpress text within red ornamental borders. Contemporary papered spine.

EUR 2,500.00

Only edition; exceedingly rare. - At first glance, the editio princeps of an ancient Arabic encomium based on two manuscript sources, accompanied by copious notes on the text as well as by German and Latin versions, and published on the occasion of the 50th teaching anniversary of Christian Woltersdorf, the director of the Salzwedel grammar school, by Friedrich Wilhelm Gliemann (1792-1864), teacher at the school. The few holding libraries unanimously cite the author as "Abu-’l Harr al-Mumallih", a poet entirely unknown to oriental literary history. Contemporary reviewers were quick to point out that the publication is, in fact, an elaborate hoax as scholarly as it is witty: "Indeed, the poem constitutes a cento assembled by Mr. Gliemann, in the main based on several poems of the Hamasah genre and on the encomium of Safieddin, edited by Bernstein [in 1816]. Yet the feat of properly conjoining these various pieces to form a whole, in a single, pure and correct metre, reveals no mean knowledge of Arabic. Several of the verses are of Mr. Gliemann's own invention. And so it is evident that the purported editor is none other than Abu’l Charr himself (the 'father of the embers', a pun on the name, 'Glühmann'), and that the variant readings of the second MS are nothing but different readings of the various passages of the original" (cf. Ergänzungsblätter zur A.L.Z. [1829], col. 263f.). - Printed on fine, crisp writing paper with tree watermark. Slight corner flaws to Latin and Arabic title-pages, otherwise a clean and wide-margined copy. Only four copies known in institutional possession (Halle, Leipzig, Göttingen, Greifswald). A rare and highly original piece of Arabic scholarship. {BN#52183}
¶ OCLC 257626548.

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History of the Islamic Almoravid and Almohad dynasties in Spain and north Africa

Abu-Mohammed Assaleh el Abdel-Halim / José de Santo Antonio Moura (transl.). Historia dos soberanos mohametanos das primeiras quatro dynastias... [...] annotada por Fr. Jozé de Santo Antonio Moura. Lisbon, Academia real, 1828. Lisbon, Academia real, 1828. 4to. (4), 454, (4) pp. Contemporary motted sheepskin, gold-tooled spine, marbled endpapers.

EUR 1,250.00

First edition of the Portuguese translation of an Arabic historical work written by Abu-Mohammed Assaleh el Abdel-Halim. The work deals with the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties who ruled the southern part of Spain and the north-western part of Africa from the 11th up to the 13th century. Abu-Mohammed Assaleh mainly focusses on Morocco, Fes and Mauritania. Little is known about the author except that he lived in Granada, Spain, in the year 726 (1325/1326). The text was translated by the Franciscan Antonio Moura (1770-1840), probably from the original manuscript, and is perhaps the only translation of the original Arabic text, since no other translations could be found. - Browned throughout, with a few marginal waterstains and some occiasional small spots. Binding worn along the extremities. A good copy. {BN#45999}
¶ Innocencio IV, 241.

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Arabian astrology after a Castilian manuscript

Abul Hasan Ali ibn abi Rijal, al-Shaibani (Albohazen Hall). De iudiciis astrorum libri octo [Kitab al-bari' fi... ahkam an-nujum]. Basel, Sebastian Henricpetri, (March 1571). Basel, Sebastian Henricpetri, (March 1571). Folio (250 x 310 mm). (28), 586, (2) pp. Contemporary blindstamped full calf; spine rebacked.

EUR 18,000.00

Second Henricpetri edition of this elaborate system of astrology, edited by Antonius Stupa. Abul Hasan Ali ibn abi Rijal (also known as Haly or Hali, and by the Latinized versions of his name, Haly Albohazen and Haly Abenragel), probably born in Cordoba, flourished in Tunis from ca 1020 to 1040, where he served as court astrologer to Prince Al-Muizz Ibn Badis. His "Distinguished Book on Horoscopes from the Constellations" enjoyed a great reputation, and he was celebrated as "Ptolemaeus Alter" and "summus astrologus". The work was translated from Arabic into Castilian by Judah ben Moses, upon orders of King Alfonso X of Spain, and - in 1485 - from the Castilian into Latin, by Aegidius de Tebaldis and Petrus de Regio. A manuscript copy containing five of the eight books of a translation into Old Castilian by Yehuda ben Moshe Cohen survives in the National Library of Spain. "De Judiciis Astrorum", a Latin translation of the Old Castilian manuscript, was first published in Venice in 1485 and became an important source in Renaissance Europe for the understanding of medieval astrology. - Spine and binding repaired; some duststaining to the first pages. Entirely complete: VD 16 cites 20 ff. of prelims in error; all digitized copies entirely agree with the present specimen. Removed from the Ampleforth Abbey library in North Yorkshire with their bookplate to pastedown. A good copy. {BN#49480}
¶ VD 16, A 1884. Cf. BM-STC German (1551 ed.). M. H. Fikri, Treasures fron the Arab Scientific Legacy in Europe, Bibliography, no. 26 (1551 ed.). Honeyman I, 54 (editio princeps). Not in Adams.

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