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Al-Wardi, Siraj al-Din 'Umar ibn. Kitab kharida al-'Aja'in wa farida al-gharaib [The Pearl... of Wonders and the Uniqueness of Strange Things]. [Ottoman provinces, ca 1600]. [Ottoman provinces, ca 1600]. Small folio (215 x 285 mm). Arabic and Ottoman Turkish manuscript on paper, 246 ff. 21 lines of black naskh per page (text area 23 x 13 cm), with section titles in red; fol. 1r with an elaborately calligraphed title in black and red, ff. 1v-2r with red, green and gilt frames; ff. 2v-3r with an illuminated world map and fol. 27r with a coloured, marginal illustration of a nilometer in cross-section, and f. 51v with a diagram of the Ka'aba in red and black. Contemporary morocco binding with fore-edge flap, gilt-tooled and blind-stamped, with manuscript Arabic title to lower edge. Pink-dyed European endpapers watermarked with a six-point star and the letters AF. 19th-c. linen pasted over the original binding.

EUR 45,000.00

An unusually large and attractive copy of the 15th-century cosmographical compilation most often ascribed to Siraj al-Din 'Umar ibn al-Wardi. His authorship and the manner of the text's composition remain a subject of scholarly research, but it was a popular text in the Ottoman world, much copied, and translated into Turkish repeatedly. Its popularity has led to a tangled series of recensions, with different copies incorporating various different elements from the text. While some copies omit the historical and eschatological sections, ours contains all the expected sections. The text notes the world, its regions, seas, cities, rivers, and mountains. Plants and animals are also described and their various properties enumerated. The final, brief sections provide a set of capsule histories and, lastly, a description of the sayings and deeds of the Prophet and his companion. The title and preface of the present copy are in Arabic; the rest of text is an anonymous Turkish translation. Though al-Wardi's cosmography circulated in Arabic and numerous Turkish translations, this hybrid Arabic-Turkish recension is relatively unusual. The scheme of illustrations is conventional in the world map and diagram of Ka'aba, often found in copies of this work with slight variations, but less so in the cross-section of a nilometer on fol. 27r, an illustration we have not seen in other manuscripts of this text. The nilometer is not located or named in the text, but appears beside the section on Fustat, and may be the Abbasid nilometer constructed opposite Fustat in 861. "The geometrically rigid map, commonly known as "Ibn-al-Wardi map", renders schematically the mediaeval Islamic image of the world: "At the center of the map are the two holiest cities of Islam, Mecca and Medina. The map shows China and India in the north and the 'Christian sects and the states of Byzantium' in the south. The outer circles represent the seas" (Cat. "World treasures of the Library of Congress: Beginnings" [2002]). - Though the manuscript's binding has suffered from much use and from an unsympathetic attempt to repair it in the 19th century, it provides ample evidence of an expensive, luxuriously produced copy in the traces of the original decoration still visible beneath the later cloth, while its vividly dyed endpapers suggest an unusual taste for colour on the part of the patron who first commissioned this manuscript. - Pastedowns renewed; heavily worn, but sound. Internally, a little staining to the initial folios, and a small dampstain to the gutter, otherwise clean. Ownership inscription of Mustafa, an artillery officer, dated 1067 AH (1676/7 CE). {BN#49137}
¶ GAL II, p. 163.

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(Albertus). Elogia divi Josephi, duodecim titulis exornata. O. O., um 1790. O. O., um 1790. 16 beschr. SS. auf 10 Bll. Taubenblauer Seidenband der Zeit. Gr.-4to.

EUR 120.00

Hübsch ausgeführte, unpublizierte Handschrift, wohl österreichischen Ursprungs, mit 12 thematischen Elogen auf den Hl. Joseph: I. S. Josephus e stirpe regia; II. S. Josephus vir justus; III. S. Josephus Virginis B.mae sponsus; IV. S. Josephus angelorum alloqio honoratus; V. S. Josephus mysterii incarnationis praescius; VI. S. Josephus divinorum mysteriorum praesens sectator; VII. S. Josephus Christi custos; VIII. S. Josephus Christi nutritius; IX. S. Josepho Christus subditus; X. S. Josephus moriens beatissimus; XI. S. Josephus patrum in limbo consolator; XII. S. Josephus thaumaturgus. Am Schluß signiert von einem "Albertus". - An Ecken und Kanten berieben; der Seidenbezug am Rücken fehlt. {BN#19876}

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The Vice of Dice

Augustine of Hippo, Saint. Sermones de verbis domini [and other works]. [Austria], 1448. [Austria], 1448. Small folio (235 x 314 mm). Latin ms. (gothic book cursive) on paper. 550 pp. (page numbers addeed in pencil, c. 1900, written on 547 pp.). Leaf size 210 x 295 mm, written area mainly 140 x 190 mm. 2 cols., mainly 30-31 lines (but final gathering: 41-43 lines), partly rubricated with red chapter headings and ends; numerous red Lombardic initials. Contemp. blindstamped Gothic calf binding over wooden boards. Wants the fittings and clasps.

EUR 45,000.00

Fine late mediaeval manuscript, principally comprising sermons of St Augustine (pp. 1-410), but also containing four shorter treatises of his slightly older contemporary, Gregory of Nazianzus (pp. 411-523); dated "1448" at the end. Bound after this are 12 additional leaves, apparently penned slightly later by a different scribe, with theological writings of the early 15th century, namely two treatises by the French mystic Jean Gerson (pp. 527-540) and the treatise on the vice of dice by the Vienna canon Johann Geuss (pp. 541-550). - Contents: A) St Augustine. 1-121: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Mattheum (with a table of contents, followed by "Evangelium audivimus ... agite penitentiam"); 122-181: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Lucam (inc. "Petite et dabitur"); 182-344: Sermones de verbis domini secundum Johannem (inc. "Capitulum Evangelii quod lectum est"); 345-347: Sermo de verbis domini evangelio secundum Lucam de verbis apostoli, omnes nos manifestari oporte ante tribunal Christi (inc. "Omnium Christianorum spes"); 348-410: Liber de spiritu et anima (inc. "Quoniam dictum est mihi", expl. "quem cernere finis est doloris"). - B) Gregory of Nazianzus. 411-470: De urbana vita [ad Pronianum; tr. Rufinus] (inc. "Proficiscenti mihi ex urbe magnopere iniungebas Aproniane fili"); 470-487: De nativitate domini [oratio XXXVIII] (inc. "Christus nascitur"); 487-506: De luminibus et secundis epiphaniis [oratio XXXIX] (inc. "Iterum Jesus meus et iterum"); 506-523: De pentecoste [oratio XLI] (inc. "De sollemnitate huius diei pauca dicenda sunt"; expl. "et potestas in spiritu sancto in secula seculorum. Amen"); followed by date: "et finitus est liber anno etc. 1448"; 524-526 vacant. C) Johannes Gerson: 527-537: Tractatus de trepidantibus accedere ad celebrationem misse post pollutionem in sompniis habitum (inc. "Dubitandum est aput me"); 537-540: De duplicii stuatu in dei ecclesia, curatorum et privilegiatorum (inc. "Pax quam omnibus"; expl. "inveniri. Deo gratias. Deo gratias"). D) [Johannes Geuss]. 541-550 [Sermo de ludo alearum] (inc. "Confundatur sorcium distributio scribitur Numeri ultimo. Hec verba possunt intellegi de sortilegio lusorum et confusione ipsorum"; expl. "unam libram et sic posset fieri recompensatio" (lacking the final four columns of text). - Occasional addenda and marginalia by a roughly contemporary hand in the wide blank margin throughout. The 12-leaf quire bound at the end (watermark: type Piccard V [libra], section V, no. 294 ["Vienna 1461"]) must originally have been followed by a now-lost final leaf of text. Binding rubbed and bumped; small crack to upper cover; traces of a pasted grey paper wrapper. Occasional slight browning to manuscript; insignificant waterstain near beginning. Slight tear to first 3 ff. (not touching text), loss of corner to first leaf (loss of page number and a 17th century monastic ownership "Conven[tus] C[...]"). {BN#44879}

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[Austrian customs duties]. Tarif-Aufsatz ad monendum. [Austria/Hungary, ca. 1780]. [Austria/Hungary, ca. 1780]. Folio. 103 written pages on 67 ff. (pre-printed forms). Contemporary boards with ms. cover label.

EUR 850.00

A late-18th-century Austrian deskbook for customs officials listing the applicable import and export tariffs for a great variety of goods from and to the Hungarian territories and the foreign and Austrian countries. This main section ("Consumo, und Essito") is followed by the appendices "Transito" (transit duties) and "Rückzoll" (duty drawback). - Binding duststained and slightly buckled; extremeties rubbed and bumped. Interior clean and well-legible. {BN#21438}

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[Austrian legal manuscript - Walther, Bernhard, jurist (1516-1584)]. Private-Law Treatises [and other works, including (incipit): Der... Fünff N.O. Lannde und Fürstlichen Graffschafft Görz Vergleichung Anno 1542]. Probably Austria, later 17th century. Probably Austria, later 17th century. Folio (210 x 310 mm). German manuscript on paper. 698 written pages on 396 unnumbered ff. Contemporary calf; spine gilt.

EUR 3,500.00

Collection of almost entirely German (Austrian) 16th century legal texts, but also comprising a few 15th century sources (and one in Latin), thus assembled in the lat 17th century. The tax legislation for all five Lower Austrian countries and Gorizia from 1542 (copied from the printed book) is followed by the extensive Treatises of Bernhard Walther (the "father of Austrian law" who in the mid-16th century collected the Lower Austrian customary law). The present, very complete manuscript comprises 14 of the 15 treatises (all except that on bankruptcy), and it was used by Max Rintelen for his critical edition, published in 1937 (cf. reference below). The treatises are followed by decisions concerning the law of inheritance ("Von Erbschafften drey Fragen, dem Herrn Landtmarschalkh ... alhier anzuzaigen"; "Ob deß abgestorbnen Wittib, oder Glaubiger den Vorgang haben: Der Regierung Rathschlag" etc.), "Bericht wegen der Caution im Landtsrechten in Österreich Under der Enß", "General wegen der Verstorbenen Pfarrer in Steyer Verlassenschafft", "Tractatus de testibus, ex secundo tomo actionum forensium D. Joan. Oldendorffii"; "Königlicher Bevelch daß ain jede Sach vor dem ordentlichen Gericht erster Instanz clagt soll werden (4 March 1534); "Khay. May. Declaration und Spruch zwischen der Löblichen Universitet zu Wienn, und gemainer Statt daßelbst" (1571), "Gemaine Beschwerung der Erblande" (with detailed regulations on mining and minting, manslaughter, gypsies, Jews, etc.), confirmations of decrees issued by Frederick III in 1444, 1462 and 1470, etc. - Some waterstaining near end; occasional slight staining. Spine-ends professionally repaired. Provenance: Handwritten ownership of Baron Anton von Egger (d. 1727): "Ex lib. Ant. L. B. de Egker". Later in the collection of the Austrian legal historian and numismatist Arnold Luschin von Ebengreuth (1841-1932) with his etched bookplate to the front pastedown. After Luschin's death his heirs presented the volume to his student, the legal historian Max Rintelen (1880-1965); cf. his entry in blue ink: "Von Luschins Erben erhalten. Max Rintelen". {BN#47823}
¶ M. Rintelen, Bernhard Walthers privatrechtliche Traktate (Leipzig 1937), Ms. LE (p. XVIII).

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A 15th-Century Vernacular Account of a Pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Barbatre, [Pierre], Norman priest (b. 1525). Account of a Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1480. [France, after 1480, circa 1490-1500]. [France, after 1480, circa 1490-1500]. 4to (209 x 165 mm). Middle French decorated manuscript on paper (watermark "licorne sanglée", pointing to Normandy: similar to Briquet 10387 & 10390 - Coutances 1497 and Frene d'Archeveque, 1499). 116 pp., collation: i1, ii8, iii8, iv8, v8, vi8, vii8, viii10; complete save for loss to the lower corner of the final leaf, concerning 9 lines of text on the last page but one. Incipit: "In nomine domini Amen. 1480. L'an de grace mil quatre cens octante, le mardi IIIIe jour d'apvril apres pasques, je, Pierre Barbatre, prebstre, aagé de LV ans ou environ, me party de la ville de Vernon pour et intencion d'aler en Hierusalem visiter le sainct sepulchre Nostresegneur Jesuschrist et les aultres sainctz lieulx de la terre saincte"; explicit: "et la feusme attendans passer a Ravennes, pour tirer a Ancone a cause que avions loué une barque a Venize pour nous passer la mer jusques audit Ancone. Et nous coutoit le passage de maistre Nicole, de Sainct Omer, mon frere et moy .x. marcelins". Bound in a parchment leaf from an 11th c. codex, containing fragments of the "Passio Pauli" attributed to Pseudo-Lin and a fragment of the "Life of St Ethbin", both in Latin (lower cover poorly legible). Stored in custom-made half morocco case.

EUR 185,000.00

Rare document containing a first-hand vernacular account of a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1480, the only expedition allowed to leave Venice for the Palestine in that year. - The priest Pierre Barbatre relates the story of his journey, which he begins at the age of ca. 55 years at the Norman town of Vernon on the Seine. He travels south via Chartres and Orléans, Savoy, Turin, Leghorn, Milan (where he reports on the ongoing construction of the cathedral), Brescia, Vicenza and Padua to Venice; here, he spends a month, giving details of Venetian life, including the great festivals. On 6 June 1480 he embarks on the "Contarina" - the only pilgrim galley to make the voyage to the Holy Land that year, for the Ottoman-Venetian War of 1463-1479 had led to a sharp drop in the numbers of pilgrims, and boats were strictly controlled. Only about sixty pilgrims would return from the journey. Barbatre gives accounts of the various places he visits during the voyage - especially Rhodes, which he portrays with much precision - before the ship reaches Jaffa on 24 July 1480. He describes his exhilaration at finally beholding the holy places of Palestine and visits Ramla, Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Jericho as well as the Dead Sea; his story provides much information about the relic cult, local customs and the political situation after the recent Turkish offensive. - It appears that Barbatre did not manage to return to France after his pilgrimage, for his account of the return journey ends abruptly with the embarkation for Ancona. In spite of much research having been dedicated to his text, too little is still known about its author. While the present manuscript constitutes the sol9e witness for Barbatre's travelogue, scholarship is lucky to possess three further accounts of this same 1480 pilgrimage by other authors: that of Sancto Brascha of Milano, chancellor to Ludovico Sforza, whose "Itinerario ... alla santissima città di Gerusalemme" was published at Milan in 1481; the account by Félix Faber (Schmidt), a Dominican from Ulm who was Barbatre's travel companion (ed. C. Hassler, Stuttgart 1843-49), and an anonymous report by a Parisian traveller, published in Paris in 1517 as "Voyage de la Saincte cyte de Hierusalem en l'an mil quatre cens quatre vingtz". - Provenance: a fair copy prepared in France, likely in Normandy, by a professional scribe after 1480, probably following the author's own notes. Rediscovered in 1972 by the French physician Dr. Lemonnier in the estate of his grandmother Henriette Rooy, née Masmoudet, whose father had been an educator at Athis-Mons (Orge) (cf. Pinzuti/Tucoo-Chala [1973], p. 8). Previously in a collection owned by the Duguet family, connected with the painter Eugène Fromentin. - Binding tattered, some writing on parchment faded, but stitching tight with the manuscript in excellent condition and well legible throughout. {BN#48453}
¶ N. Pinzuti & P. Tucoo-Chala (eds.), Le voyage de Pierre Barbatre à Jérusalem en 1480. Edition critique d'un manuscrit inédit, in: Annuaire-Nulletin de la Société de l'histoire de France, 1972/73 (1974), pp. 75-172. The same, "Sur un récit inédit de voyage aux Lieux Saints sous Louis XI", in: Comptes rendus des séances de l'Academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, 117:1, 1973, pp. 188-204. Europäische Reiseberichte des späten Mittelalters II (1999), no. 23. P. Cantoni, Les pelerinages a Jerusalem et au mont Sinai du XIVe au XVIe siecle, diplome d'archiviste paleographe, Ecole nationale des chartes (Paris 1972), pp. 33-42. Dansette (1977), p. LXXI. Esch (1984), pp. 384-416. Crouzet-Pavan (1984), pp. 489-535. Ashtor (1985), p. 211. Chevallier (1987), pp. 366, 370f.

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Album of the Imperial blanket maker J. F. Hörmannsperger

Baroque pattern book and album of the blanket maker Johann Franz Hörmannsperger. Vienna, 1736. Vienna, 1736. Oblong folio (390 x 252 mm). 118 numbered ff. (but 115: ff. 96, 106, and 112 skipped). Calligraphic preface by Hörmannsperger, 58 full-page textile designs by the same, mostly in red, blue, green, and gilt (including one folded, double-page sized specimen and 4 ff. with 2 designs each), 7 splendid gouache washes raised in gilt and silver; bound in between these are a total of 52 engravings on 48 plates, all in splendid contemporary colour raised in gilt and silver. Contemp. marbled boards.

EUR 85,000.00

Unique, museum-quality document of late Baroque craftsmanship among the urban Third Estate: apart from 58 meticulously executed textile designs, the album contains seven large-format gouaches showing the self-assured author practising his trade in his workshop, advertising and selling his wares to customers, as well as playing music and even bowling, but also attending the general meeting of the Viennese blanket makers. The engravings which Hörmannsperger inserted between his own works all show mundane subjects (dwarves, soldiers, caricatures, etc.): thus, his autograph textile designs and gouaches are interleaved with some of the rarest and most charming pieces produced by the 1720's Augsburg school of engraving. - The album is introduced by a self-portrait of the 26-year-old Hörmannsperger in his workshop (with his compass and one of the later-included textile designs lying on the table); on the opposite page he offers a brief preface to the volume: "for true art speaks for the master: here is a book, all mine, with many drawings, as they will be seen, all drawn by me, though I say so myself, with much time, labour, and trouble [...] I, Johann Frantz Hörmansperger" (transl.). The captions to the splendid gouaches prove the author's humour (sometimes bawdy) as well as a trait of surprising self-confidence. Pitching his self-plaited blanket to a female customer, he addresses her: "My dear lady, here's a fine blanket for you - you may well stretch yourself under this: one and a half ells wide and two in length; perfect for flipping over with your husband underneath" (transl., f. 84). Another image shows him selling saddlecloths to military officers ("we'll have these and take them into battle", f. 86); yet another shows him bowling in a Baroque garden at the weekend ("All gay and jolly, for we are journeymen of the trade: and so the virgins may be; they will not be bored - here is red wine and white, so well we may make merry", f. 94) and dancing ("Be merry all. Musicians play! Thus do the blanket makers frolic and dance with pretty girls until their shoes may fall to pieces", f. 104). The final leaf shows an apprentice received into the society of blanket makers at their quarterly general assembly ("The blanket makers convene today to discuss what concerns the society: the young man must have learned his trade; he is not too tall nor too small. But he must put in his time, until he is made a journeyman", f. 118). Some of Hörmannsperger's ornamental designs, created with the use of a compass, include centerpieces showing armorial or figural motifs; one design (f. 113) is apparently a commission for Emperor Charles VI (bearing his monogram and Imperial insignia); according to the later caption, it was indeed executed for him. - Between his own works Hörmannsperger bound engravings by the great Augsburg masters of his age, all splendidly coloured and raised in gilt and silver: eight engravings from Elias Bäck's dwarf series (fencing school, drinking, gluttony, and tobacco addiction), a complete cycle of the seasons and the life stages of man by Martin Engelbrecht ("Der Menschen Jahr Veränderung"), a total of 19 of the famous engravings by Pfeffel, Schmidt, and Engelbrecht showing a soldier's life (two with movable parts), as well as a fine broadsheet by Albrecht Schmidt showing the seven Honest Swabians, and finally an untitled eight-page cycle showing the female tempers. - The Austrian and especially the Viennese bedclothes were known for their high quality throughout the continent. During their golden age in the 18th century they were exported to all European courts, as well as to Greece, Turkey, and many oriental countries. At the time this album was drawn up, there were ten masters of the profession in Vienna alone creating blankets and mattresses as well as backpacks and cuirasses. - Provenance: acquired in 1893 "from Mr Josef Lang's son-in-law" by the bedclothes merchant Josef Pauly, supplier to the Royal and Imperial court, and passed on by him to Mr. Junghofer, chairman of the bedclothes makers' cooperative, in 1896 (cf. Pauly's autograph dedication note on the flyleaf); last in an Austrian private collection. Boards imperceptibly restored at lower spine end; interior slightly fingerstained; slight tears to two leaves, but in excellent state of preservation altogether. {BN#30828}

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Baudrand, Barthélemi, SJ / [Basile, Vincent, SJ (Übs.)]. Rasmiscgljajte ova dobro. Otza Bartola Baudrand Druscbe Jesussove.... Prinesegne u jesik slovinski. [Wohl Balkan, um 1845]. [Wohl Balkan, um 1845]. Titel, 11-130 (recte: 129), (1) SS. (Lagen 9 und 10 hinter 12 verbunden; S. 66 in der Zählung übersprungen). Marmorbroschur um 1880. 4to.

EUR 250.00

Zeitgenössische Abschrift von Vincent Basiles illyrischer (kroatischer) Übersetzung von Baudrands erbaulicher Meditation "L'Ame Penitente" (erstmals Lyon 1778). Der sizilianische Jesuit Basile (1811-82) wurde 1840 von seinem Orden nach Albanien und anschließend nach Dalmatien und die Herzegowina versetzt. Er gab mehrere Jesuitenschriften im südslawischen Idiom heraus; die vorliegende erschien erstmals 1844 in Rom und erlebte mehrere Auflagen. - Etwas braunfleckig und angestaubt. {BN#27227}
¶ Vgl. de Backer/Sommervogel I, 1000, 1 & 1040. OCLC 55609485.

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[Beethoven, Ludwig van]. Grand Sonate pour le Piano-Forte composée par Louis... van Beethoven oeuvre 28. O. O., nach 1802. O. O., nach 1802. Notenmanuskript. Quer Folio (240 x 330 mm). 30 Bll. letzte Seite leer. 8 Doppelblätter in 2 Lagen, Fadenbindung, starke Bütte, handrastriert, 10-zeilig, die beiden letzten Seiten 8-zeilig.

EUR 2,500.00

Zeitgenössische Abschrift des Op. 28, deren Vorlage Rätsel aufgibt: Ein Vergleich mit dem Autograph und dem Erstdruck (Bureau des Arts et d'Industrie, PN 28, Wien 1802) sowie mit Titelauflagen und frühen Nachdrucken (Autograph, Abschrift und Originalausgabe im Querformat, Simrock 240 [1802] und Zulehner 130 [ca. 1807] im Hochformat, Hummel 1321 [1805/1806] im Querformat) führt zu folgenden Resultaten: Das Manuskript hat einige Gemeinsamkeiten mit dem Erstdruck und dem Autograph, die es von späteren Drucken unterscheidet, die daher nicht als Vorlage in Frage kommen. Es gibt aber auch Gemeinsamkeiten mit dem Autograph, in denen sich dieses vom Erstdruck unterscheidet (!), sodass auch eine zwischenzeitliche Abschrift der Sonate aus dem Manuskript vor dem Erstdruck als Kopiervorlage in Frage kommen kann. - Eine mögliche Erklärung dafür wäre der verhältnismäßig lange Zeitraum zwischen Entstehung im Herbst 1801 und Veröffentlichung der Sonate im August 1802 aufgrund der personellen Veränderungen in der Gründungsphase des Verlages: 1. Gesellschaftsvertrag vom 1. 5. 1801 "Kunst- und Industrie-Comptoir" Kappeller und Holer. 2. Dem Gesuch zur Firmenprotokollierung vom 23. 10. 1801 legten die Verleger eine "Kontraktliste" bei, nach der sie bereits über eine Reihe von Kompositionen für die Veröffentlichung verfügten, darunter auch Beethovens Sonate Op. 28. 3. Die neue Firma wurde am 1. 5. 1802 protokolliert, 4. aber erst ab August 1802 die Musikalien des Verlages in der Wiener Zeitung (WZ) annonciert, wobei mit Beethovens Op. 28 (und der dazu passenden Verlags-/Plattennummer 28) ein öffentlichkeitswirksamer Paukenschlag gesetzt werden sollte: Beethovens Sonate wurde am 14.8.1802 (WZ 65) alleine vorgestellt, 4 Tage später folgte dann die Ankündigung der Werke von Krommer, Call, Albrechtsberger, Förster, Eberl, etc. mit den Verlagsnummern 1-30 (ohne die bereits vorgestellte VN 28, 18.8.1802, WZ 66, Weinmann, S. 220 f). - Gertsch/Prahia erwähnen im Vorwort zur Henle Urtext-Ausgabe (2008) zur Erklärung der ungewöhnlichen Zeitspanne zwischen Entstehung und Druck auch die - nicht belegbare - Hypothese, dass Beethoven "dem Widmungsträger Joseph Freiherr von Sonnenfels (1732-1817) auf die Sonate ein Exklusivrecht von einigen Monaten oder gar einem Jahr eingeräumt" hätte. - Das Papier ist nach Auskunft des Archivs der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde für Wien um 1800 untypisch, und zeitlich nur grob auf die ersten Jahrzehnte des 19. Jahrhunderts bestimmbar. - Etwas fingerfleckig, ansonsten sauber. {BN#48302}

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Berg (eig. Ebersberg), Ottokar Franz, Schriftsteller (1833-1886). Die Pfarrersköchin. Lebensbild mit Gesang in vier Acten.... O. O., um 1881. O. O., um 1881. 157, (3) SS. und ein durchschossenes Bl. zwischen S. 128 und 129. Marmorierter Halbleinenband der Zeit. Kl.-4to.

EUR 200.00

Zeitgenössische Abschrift von Ebersbergs 1868 geschriebener "Pfarrersköchin". Am letzten Blatt die Freigabe der Zensur (dat. Dauba 28. X. 1881) und mit einigen von derselben im Text gestrichenen Stellen; am Titel ein eh. Besitzeintrag von Johann Hugo Kochansky v. Kochan, einem Theaterunternehmer aus Hirschberg, der das Stück aufführen wollte. - Etwas gebräunt und fingerfleckig. {BN#27242}

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A source for Copernicus: the first use of decimal fractions in Europe

Bianchini, Giovanni. Tabulae de motibus planetarum. [Ferrara, ca 1475]. [Ferrara, ca 1475]. Folio (242 x 340 mm). Latin manuscript on paper. 160 leaves (complete including four blank leaves at the beginning and six at the end). Written in brown ink in a neat humanistic hand, double columns, 37 lines to each page, numerous two and three line initials supplied in red or blue. With one large illuminated initial and coat of arms of the Scalamonte family flanked by floral decoration on first leaf, painted in shades of blue, green and lilac and heightened in burnished gold. With altogether 231 full-page tables in red and brown, some marginal or inter-columnar annotations, and one extended annotation on final leaf. Fifteenth century blind stamped goat skin over wooden boards, remains of clasps.

EUR 280,000.00

The so-called Toledan Tables are astronomical tables used to predict the movements of the Sun, Moon and planets relative to the fixed stars. They were completed around the year 1080 at Toledo by a group of Arab astronomers, led by the mathematician and astronomer Al-Zarqali (known to the Western World as Arzachel), and were first updated in the 1270s, afterwards to be referred to as the "Alfonsine Tables of Toledo". Named after their sponsor King Alfonso X, it "is not surprising that" these tables "originated in Castile because Christians in the 13th century had easiest access there to the Arabic scientific material that had reached its highest scientific level in Muslim Spain or al-Andalus in the 11th century" (Goldstein 2003, 1). The Toledan Tables were undoubtedly the most widely used astronomical tables in medieval Latin astronomy, but it was Giovanni Bianchini whose rigorous mathematical approach made them available in a form that they could finally be used by early modern astronomy. - Bianchini was in fact "the first mathematician in the West to use purely decimal tables" and decimal fractions (Feingold, 20) by applying with precision the tenth-century discoveries of the Arab mathematician Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqilidisi, which had been further developed in the Islamic world through the writings of Al-Kashi and others (cf. Rashed, 88 and 128ff.). Despite the fact that they had been widely discussed and applied in the Arab world throughout a period of five centuries, decimal fractions had never been used in the West until Bianchini availed himself of them for his trigonometric tables in the "Tabulae de motis planetarum". It is this very work in which he set out to achieve a correction of the Alfonsine Tables by those of Ptolemy. "Thorndike observes that historically, many have erred by neglecting, because of their difficulty, the Alfonsine Tables for longitude and the Ptolemaic for finding the latitude of the planets. Accordingly, in his Tables Bianchini has combined the conclusions, roots and movements of the planets by longitude of the Alfonsine Tables with the Ptolemaic for latitude" (Tomash, 141). - The importance of the present work, today regarded as representative of the scientific revolutions in practical mathematics and astronomy on the eve of the Age of Discovery, is underlined by the fact that it was not merely dedicated but also physically presented by the author to the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in person on the occasion of Frederick's visit to Ferrara. In return for his "Tabulae", a "book of practical astronomy, containing numbers representing predicted times and positions to be used by the emperor's […] astrologers in managing the future" (Westman, 10ff.), Bianchini was granted a title of nobility by the sovereign. - For Regiomontanus, who studied under Bianchi together with Peurbach, the author of the "Tabulae" counted as the greatest astronomer of all time, and to this day Bianchini's work is considered "the largest set of astronomical tables produced in the West before modern times" (Chabbas 2009, VIII). Even Copernicus, a century later, still depended on the "Tabulae" for planetary latitude (cf. Goldstein 2003, 573), which led to Al-Zarquali's Tables - transmitted in Bianchini's adaption - ultimately playing a part in one of the greatest revolutions in the history of science: the 16th century shift from Geocentrism to the heliocentric model. - In the year 1495, some 20 years after our manuscript was written, Bianchini's Tables were printed for the first time, followed by editions in 1526 and 1563. Apart from these printed versions, quite a few manuscript copies of his work are known in western libraries - often comprising only the 231 full-page Tables but omitting the 68-page introductory matter explaining how they were calculated and meant to be used, which is present in our manuscript. Among the known manuscripts in public collections is one copied by Regiomontanus, and another written entirely in Copernicus' hand (underlining the significance of the Tables for the scientific revolution indicated above), but surprisingly not one has survived outside Europe. Indeed, the only U.S. copy recorded by Faye (cf. below) was the present manuscript, then in the collection of Robert Honeyman. There was not then, nor is there now, any copy of this manuscript in an American institution. Together with one other specimen in the Erwin Tomash Library, our manuscript is the only preserved manuscript witness for this "crucial text in the history of science" (Goldstein 2003, publisher's blurb) in private hands. Apart from these two examples, no manuscript version of Bianchini's "Tabulae" has ever shown up in trade or at auctions (according to a census based on all accessible sources). - Condition: watermarks identifiable as Briquet 3387 (ecclesiastical hat, attested in Florence 1465) and 2667 (Basilisk, attested to Ferrara and Mantua 1447/1450). Early manuscript astronomical table for the year 1490 mounted onto lower pastedown. Minor waterstaining in initial leaves and a little worming at back, but generally clean and in a fine state of preservation. Italian binding sympathetically rebacked, edges of covers worn to wooden boards. A precious manuscript, complete and well preserved in its original, first binding. Provenance: 1) Written ca 1475 by Francesco da Quattro Castella (his entry on fol. 150v) for 2) Marco Antonio Scalamonte from the patrician family of Ancona, who became a senator in Rome in 1502 (his illuminated coat of arms on fol. 1r). 3) Later in an as yet unidentified 19th century collection of apparently considerable size (circular paper label on spine "S. III. NN. Blanchinus. MS.XV. fol. 43150"). 4) Robert Honeyman, Jr. (1928-1987), probably the most prominent U.S. collector of scientific books and manuscripts in the 20th century, who "had a particular interest in astronomy" (S. Horobin, 238), his shelf mark "Astronomy MS 1" on front pastedown. 5) Honeyman Collection of Scientific Books and Manuscripts, Part III, Sotheby's, London, Wed May 2, 1979, lot 1110, sold to 6) Alan Thomas (1911-1992), his catalogue 43.2 (1981), sold to 7) Hans Peter Kraus (1907-1988), sold to 8) UK private collection. {BN#47198}
¶ Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabas, 'Ptolemy, Bianchini and Copernicus: Tables for Planetary Latitudes,' Archive for the History of Exact Sciences, vol. 58, no. 5 (July 2004), pp. 553-573. Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabas, Alfonsine Tables of Toledo (= Dordrecht-Boston-Londres, Kluwer Academic Publishers ("Archimedes, New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology" 8), 2003. José Chabás & Bernard R. Goldstein, The Astronomical Tables of Giovanni Bianchini (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2009). Thorndike, 'Giovanni Bianchini in Paris Mss,' Scripta Mathematica 16 (1950) 69ff. & his 'Giovanni Bianchini in Italian Mss.,' Scripta Mathematica 19 (1953) 5-17. Rashed, Development of Arabic Mathematics: Between Arithmetic and Algebra. Boston, 2013. Mordechai Feingold & Victor Navarro-Brotons, Universities and Science in the Early Modern Period. Boston 2006. R. Westman, Copernicus and the Astrologers. Smithsonian 2016. M. Williams, The Erwin Tomash Library on the History of Computing, 2008, 141. Simon Horobin & Linne Mooney, English Texts in Transition: A Festschrift Dedicated to Toshiyuki Takamiya on his 70th Birthday. Woodbridge 2014. Silvia Faschi, Prima e dopo la raccolta: diffusione e circolazione delle Satyrae, di Francesco Filelfo. Spunti dall' epistolario edito ed ineditio. In: Medioevo e Rinascimento. XIV, n.s. XI (2000), 147-166 (mentioning a connection between the Italian Humanist and Marco Antonio Scalamonte). C. U. Faye & W. H. Bond, Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (1962), p. 21, no. 12 (this manuscript).

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[Binding]. An early 16th century ledger in a fine... limp vellum binding. Probably Italy, early 16th century. Probably Italy, early 16th century. Small folio (ca. 220 x 300 mm). Contains 128 blank leaves, foliated in ink by a contemporary hand 17-144 (a first quire of 16 leaves, likely containing notes, has been removed). Contemporary limp vellum binding sewn on three leather bands with wide fore-edge flap. Remains of a handwritten spine label "Debitori [...] 1511" (?).

EUR 3,500.00

An attractive binding for an account book in the late mediaeval style, captioned "Debitori et creditori dipacta" along the top edge of the upper cover in a narrow Gothic majuscule written in brown ink, and an initial "A" within an ornamental circular border and acanthus ornaments drawn in the centre of the cover. The wide bands of dark leather, sewn down with crisscrossed lighter-coloured thongs, add to the binding's stark appeal. The volume encloses 128 blank leaves watermarked with a pear-shaped flower with two leaves, similar to Briquet 7386 (Florence 1507). Since the removal of the first quire, which must be assumed to have been used by the owner for keeping accounts, the only handwriting remaining in this book of otherwise blank leaves are a few notes in a Renaissance hand on the final page. - Some brownstaining to lower edge of some leaves; some staining and wrinkling to binding. Leather spine bands and thongs loosened in places; wants the tie which would have fastened the fore-edge flap. {BN#47490}

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The book of the noble science: an illustrated 16th century manuscript manual on astronomy

Bonsignorius, Joannes. Il libr[o] [...] dela nobil[e] s[c]ienza.... Probably Northern Italy (or Switzerland?), 1579. Probably Northern Italy (or Switzerland?), 1579. Small folio (185 x 275 mm). Italian manuscript on paper. 154 leaves (including 19 blank leaves, 268 written pages), with one full-page drawing of an armillary sphere in red and black (signed "Jo[annes] Bap[tis]ta Bonsignorius"), 9 subject diagrams and 77 astronomical tables. Italian semi-cursive script in black ink, rubrics and astronomical symbols supplied in red, 24 lines to each page. Bound in 16th century limp vellum with manuscript title to spine ("Manoscritti di Astronomia"). Remains of ties.

EUR 45,000.00

An intriguing, elegantly written and well illustrated handwritten manual about the "noble science of the movements of the planets", forming a detailed display of 16th century astronomical knowledge and all related information available, compiled by an otherwise unrecorded author. Joannes Bonsignorius, likely a member of the Sienese noble Bonsignori family noted for their important role in the history of banking, brings together all the information which a contemporary might need to read the planets and the stars. He begins with explanations of the Metonic cycle, leap years, and ascendants, proceeds to the calculation of new moons and moveable feasts, then expands on the qualities and characteristics of the signs of the zodiac, the influence of the ascendants on each, planetary aspects and their influence on 'air' and climate, lunar and solar eclipses, the planetary houses, triplicity rulers, friend and enemy planets, elaborates on the effects of the planets on the human body (perceived as pain in various body parts) and on the movement of the ascending lunar mode before finally enumerating which countries and cities of the world are ruled by which zodiacal sign (while England, for example, comes under the influence of Aries, Damascus is listed under Leo; Egypt, Babylon and Constantinople are under the sign of Cancer, and Alexandria is said to be ruled by Gemini). - Condition: written on paper assembled from various stocks, showing five different watermarks. While none of them can be positively identified with the specimens illustrated by Briquet, it is interesting to note that they all largely conform to types common among Swiss and Southern German papermills: three show the "Crosse de Bâle" (types: Briquet I, 1313, 1339 & 1357), one shows the griffin-head of Freiburg im Breisgau (type: Briquet I, 2216), and another shows an eagle with an F (type: Briquet I, 154), originating in Frankfurt am Main but used throughout the Rhine Valley and even in the Habsburg provinces. One leaf stained at foot; some light browning; the final leaves of index a bit brown-stained in the outer margins; overall in excellent condition, and in its original first binding. - Provenance: as stated on the first page in the author's own hand, the present manuscript was written in 1579 and dedicated by Bonsignorius to a member of his family named Nicolo. Later in an unidentified European collection (shelfmark "XXII" on front pastedown). Recently acquired from a U.S. private collection. {BN#47185}

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Frauentagebücher

Bosch, Therese, Brauereibesitzerin (1796/97-1862). Sammlung von (Reise-)Tagebüchern. Jedlesee (heute zu Wien-Floridsdorf) u. a. O., 1841-1860. Jedlesee (heute zu Wien-Floridsdorf) u. a. O., 1841-1860. Deutsche Handschrift auf Papier. 4 Tagebücher mit zus. 84 beschr. SS. Dabei: ein selbst geführtes Notizheft mit Seelenmessen (21 SS.), das umfangreiche Fragment eines von einer Familienbedienten geführten Kurtagebuchs (1830er Jahre, 120 SS.) und eine Speisekarte der Gastwirtschaft der Familie (1852, wohl von Therese Boschs Tochter Katharina geführt, 8 SS.). Jeweils fadengeheftet, 4to und 8vo.

EUR 1,500.00

Interessante Sammlung von unausgewerteten Frauentagebüchern, geführt von der Jedleseer Brauerin Therese Bosch, deren erster Ehemann Jakob Wohl bereits das Brauhaus geführt hatte. Beim Donauhochwasser 1830 hatte sich die Familie große Verdienste erworben, als sie das hochaufragende Brauereigebäude für die Flüchtenden öffnete und so Hunderte rettete. Während die Jedleseer Brauerei 1931 stillgelegt wurde, sind sowohl die Familie Bosch als auch die Enkelfamilie Dengler, die nach der Heirat von Thereses Tochter Katharina mit Johann Nepomuk Dengler im Jahr 1837 allmählich die Geschäftsführung übernahm, noch heute in Jedlesee durch Straßennamen verewigt. - Das erste von Thereses Tagebüchern, "Tage Buch von unserer Reiß nach Gräfenberg Breßlau, nach Prag. Am 20ten Septembr 1841 bis 30ten dito" (9 beschr. SS. auf 9 Bll. 4to), bildet das Journal einer teils schon auf der neu errichteten Kaiser-Ferdinands-Nordbahn (bis Olmütz) und mit der Postkutsche unternommenen Herbstreise durch Mähren, Schlesien und Böhmen via Prerau, Neiße, Breslau, Glatz, Königgrätz, Prag und zurück über Iglau, mit Bemerkungen zu einer besichtigten dampfbetriebenen Brauerei. Ein weiteres Heft, betitelt "Tage Buch vom 20ten September 1841 bis 30ten detto Sept. 1841 von der Reiße nach Preßlau Gräfenberg und Prag. Vom Jahr 1842 nach Mariazell etc. mit Herrn von Weygert und Vetter Caspar Bosch" (11 beschr. SS. auf 22 Bll.) enthält tatsächlich einige Angaben von anderer Hand zur Wirtschaftsführung der Brauerei während Thereses Abwesenheit in Böhmen 1841 sowie ein Diarium von Thereses Geschäften bzw. Geschäfts- und Familienfahrten in Wien und Umgebung im Sommer 1842, während die angekündigte Reise nach Mariazell nicht mehr beschrieben wurde. Das "Tagebuch von unserer Reiße ich und meine Tochter, und deren Tochter Christine, und unsere Frau Nichte Wicki Bauer, abgereißet mit Gott den 3ten August 1852 6 Uhr früh" (52 beschr. SS. auf 26 Bll. 4to) schildert eine Eisenbahnreise über Brünn, Prag und Außig nach Dresden und Berlin, dann über Leipzig, Plauen, Hof und Nürnberg nach Nördlingen zum Familienbesuch im nahen Wallerstein, dann mit der Kutsche weiter über Hohenschwangau, Reutte und Lermoos nach Meran und Trient, anschließend über Venedig und Görz, Celje, Graz, Wiener Neustadt nach Wien zurück. Die "Anmerkungen von meiner Reiße mit Gott angetreten den 28ten May 1860 nach Wallerstein mit der Westbahn bis Linz" (12 beschr. SS. auf 12 Bll. 4to) sind das Journal einer Reise über Salzburg und München nach Wallerstein bei Nördlingen zum Familienbesuch, dann mit dem Dampfschiff ab Donauwörth über Regensburg und Linz zurück nach Wien-Nußdorf. Beiliegend findet sich noch Thereses "Anmerkbuch vom 1ten Novembr 1853" (21 beschr. SS. auf 12 Bll. Gr.-4to), ein frömmigkeits- und familiengeschichtlich interessantes Verzeichnis der 1853 bis 1860 - vielfach für Familienmitglieder - veranlassten Seelenmessen und deren Kosten. Das "Speisezettl Buch 1852. K[atharina] D[engler]" (8 beschr. SS. auf 16 Bll. 8vo) ist die handschriftliche Speisekarte der Jedleseer Gastwirtschaft mit dem Angebot an Suppen, Fleischspeisen, Gemüsebeilagen, Assietten, Mehlspeisen, Fastengerichten und Abendmahlzeiten, teils nach Wochentagen angegeben. Wiederum von diaristischem Interesse sind zwei Faszikel (Nro. 2 und Nro. 4) des Tagesbuchs eines Kuraufenthalts von Therese Bosch und ihrer Tochter Katharina in Karlsbad (wohl 1830er Jahre), geführt von einer Bedienten der Familie (zus. 120 SS. auf 24 und 36 Bll. 4to). - Bemerkenswertes Zeugnis weiblicher Reisetätigkeit und -diaristik in der 2. Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts durch eine Wiener Gastwirtin und Brauereibesitzerin, das auch das Vordringen der neuen Verkehrsmittel Eisenbahn und Dampfschiff im ausklingenden Postkutschenzeitalter dokumentiert. Wiederkehrende Angaben zur Wirtschaftsführung der Brauerei, wie Holz- und Hopfenkauf, bilden ökonomiegeschichtliche Quellen; von theatergeschichtlichem Interesse sind die zahlreich vermerkten Theaterbesuche. {BN#46779}

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Devotional manuscript in Dutch

Bossche, Johannes Baptista van den. Instructie om deuchdelick synen tyt [...] ghemaeckt by... den Eerwerdighen heere, Johannes Baptista vanden Bossche, prioor en pater van het Syon [...] int Jaer 1617. [No place], 1617. [No place], 1617. 8vo. Dutch manuscript on paper. 87 ff., last blank pasted to back cover (collation: A-L8).

EUR 3,500.00

Interesting devotional manuscript in Dutch containing extensive instructions and rules for behaving, praying and meditating, and living a good religious life in a monastery from hour to hour. The booklet also gives the texts prayers and meditations to perform during the day. It is a sort of "Diurnale" (a shortened Breviary), written by the prior of a monastery ("het Syon"), for his brothers. - Strangely enough the text seems to have been written by a Dutchman from the northern Netherlands where all the monasteries were demolished during the beginning of the Eighty Year's War, and where the Roman-Catholic faith was tolerated at best. "Het Syon" is an often used name for a monastery, for example one near Beverwijck, or near Delft, but, again, these cloisters were no longer in existence. Possibly, Johannes Baptista van den Bossche was a refugee from the north and active in the Southers Netherlands. The manuscript is written in a clear, sophisticated, and almost calligraphical handwriting (by Johannes van den Bossche himself?) in two scripts: italic and a script reminding the civilité type. - Very well preserved. {BN#26608}

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Brewing Manual

[Brewing] - Welhorn, Gregor, Ingolstadt brewer (fl. ca. 1786). Ganz trefliche höchstgeheime Wissenschaften, und vollkomene Explicirung der... höchst nutzbaren edlen Bierbräukunst. Ingolstadt, 1786. Ingolstadt, 1786. 4to (170 x 195 mm). German manuscript on paper. (2), 86 pp. (66f. and 70f. blank). Contemporary boards with cover label, dated "1786".

EUR 3,500.00

A brewer's copious recipe book in six chapters. Contains not only instructions for cleaning the barley and for preparing and fermenting malt, but also "secret articies" and "excellent arcana", such as "how to render a beer gone full sour quite pleasant once more". The principal text comprises pages 1 through 63 of the manuscript, paginated by an early owner; it is written by a single hand throughout in well-legible German cursive, including the three-page panegyrical preface. According to a note on the half-title (dated 15 Feb. 1786), the recipe book was compiled by Gregor Welhorn, "burgher and beer brewer in the electoral capital and fortress city of Ingolstadt". The original author, however, is revealed by the preface to have been Melchior Schlögl, "professor", "praxator peritissimus" (well-experienced brewer) and "one of Germany's most eminent brewing masters", who had written the book "with all its secret artifices and principal arcana for himself and his own use", "all described in the most minute detail in the year 1782". This "famous frater" is said to have been the brother of Vicelinus Schlögl, one of the "most eminent professors" - that is to say, of Anton Vicelinus Schlögl (1743-1811), a baker's son who was educated at the convent of the Augustinian Canons Regular at Polling near Weilheim and became professor of mathematics and physics at the University of Ingolstadt. The brewer Melchior therefore must be his younger brother (1752-88), a Canon Regular who took the monastic name of "Quarinus" and taught physics at the Upper Bavarian monastery Rottenbuch, undertaking meteorological investigations at the Hohenpeißenberg observatory (cf. Poggendorff II, 805). - The final leaves contain additional notes, apparently mainly dating from the 1790s, concerning the purchase of malt (along with other expenditures), further brewing recipes, or a recipe for driving away flies and mosquitos. A curious entry mentions the repudiation of the writer's wife after a mere three years of marriage: "on this same Saturday after St Willibaldus in 1797 I took her to her parents, but not on account of the magistrates, rather all by myself I did this" (p. 68). - Binding rubbed and bumped; wants spine. Some browning and brownstaining. Sewing somewhat loosened near beginning; two leaves cut out between pp. 82 and 83 (pre-dating the pagination). {BN#47516}

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[Carniolan legal manuscript]. Schönleben, Johann Ludwig, historiographer and theologian (1618-1681) (ed.). Varia Statum Politicum, Judicialem, et Oeconomicum Carnoliae Concernentia.... Conscripta per Anonymum circa annum 1590. Descripta manu scribae, et famuli Joannis Ludovici Schönleben St. Theol. Doct. Proton. Ap.lici Archidiaconi Inf. Carn. Anno MDCLXXIX. [Probably Laibach, likely 1620s, with additions to 1681]. [Probably Laibach, likely 1620s, with additions to 1681]. Small folio (205 x 300 mm). German and Latin manuscript on paper. (2), 188 (but: 186, omitting 88); (15); (4), 25; (32); (9 blanks); 4 ff. (ca. 530 written pages). With a contemporary sanguine portrait of Emperor Leopold I on the front pastedown and a receipe for aloe pills, dated 1679, written on the lower. 17th century vellum.

EUR 8,500.00

A collection of mainly German (and a few Latin) legal texts, assembled thus in the 1670s by the Carniolan protonotary apostolic and sometime Jesuit J. L. Schönleben. His title page (as quoted above) is followed by a single, frayed leaf of contents covering folios 1-62, so that at least two further leaves of contents may be assumed to be lacking at the beginning. This is followed by the first and earliest part of the collection, foliated to leaf 188 and written in an earlier 17th century hand, containing the common law of the Duchy of Carniola. Because this section incorporates large parts of the so-called Private-Law Treatises of Bernhard Walther (the "father of Austrian law" who in the mid-16th century collected the Lower Austrian customary law), the present manuscript served as an important source for Max Rintelen's 1937 edition of the Treatises (cf. references below). As a form of oath on f. 5r refers to Emperor Ferdinand II, this section can be dated to no earlier than 1620; occasional textual amendments in Schönleben's later hand suggest that it was closely studied by the scholar. - The remainder of the collection is written in a different single, later scribal hand, likely by an assistant of Schönleben's, containing copies of rare legal codes and mandates: "N. ainer Ersamen Landschafft in Crain verpesserte Landschrannen Ordnung" (copied from the book printed in Graz in 1565); "Neu-auffgerichte Bergkwerchs-Ordnung über all Eisen-, Pergk- und Hammerwerch deß Fürstenthumbs Crain" (copied from the book printed in Laibach in 1587, with a facsimile of the title page traced in ink on now browned translucent paper), various addenda ("Lebensberueff Formular", "Generale ratione ecclesiasticorum bonorum de dato 1. Januar 1587", "Cassatio privilegiorum a privatis concessorum"); a long collection of the decrees of the apostolic visitation of Laibach in 1621 (extracts of which were published in 1862 based on this MS; cf. below); the milling ordinances issued by Emperor Maximilian II in 1572; instructions issued to the verderer of Crain by Emperor Ferdinand III in 1650, and numerous similar mandates mostly issued in the 17th century (but also including a Papal bull from 1122). The end is brought up by the copy of a communication of a Laibach Capuchin monk concerning the traditional Good Friday penance procession (dated 1 June 1681), a tax list for 1633-75, and a curious, extensive and apparently unpublished polemical version of the Lord's Prayer levelled against the King of Sweden ("Des Khinigs in Schwöden Vatter Unser"), juxtaposed line for line with the received text of the prayer: "Ach Khinig du khanst noch nicht recht betten / Ich glaub nit daß auf Erden Einmall / Ein solcher Khirchenrauber gewesen sey alß / Du stilst, raubst, bringst mir schaden [...]". - Provenance: 1) autograph ownership of the Carniolan jurist and historian Johann Gregor Thalnitscher von Thalberg (Dolnitscher, in Slovene: Janez Gregor Dolnicar, 1655-1719), dated 1679, on the pastedown, and his printed bookplate, dated 1680, on the title page. Thalnitscher, who obviously received the book during Schönleben's lifetime, has been called "the spirit of cultural rebirth in the Baroque in Ljubljana". He was keenly interested in the arts, and it is likely that the gifted portrait of Emperor Leopold I (here called "Semper Augustus Princeps Carniolae") under his handwritten ownership is his own work. 2) Private collection of Baron Anton Codelli (fl. 1850s), director of the Historical Society for Carniola. 3) Acquired by the Historical Society for Carniola from Codelli in 1856. 4) Traded to the Austrian legal historian and numismatist Arnold Luschin von Ebengreuth (1841-1932) in 1880, as confirmed by a signed and sealed statement issued by the Society (represented by their secretary, August Dimitz) mounted on the reverse of the title page: "Bestätigung daß die Handschrift 'Tractate Walters, Landschrannenordnung für Krain etc.' vom historischen Verein für Krain im Tauschwege an Herrn Prof. Dr. Arnold Luschin v. Ebengreuth gegen 'Rosolenz Anti-Rungius Gründlicher Gegenbericht etc. Gräz 1607' und mehrere Familie Khisel betreffende Archivalien überlassen wurde. Laibach, 29. März 1880". 5) Given to Lushin's former student, the legal historian Max Rintelen (1880-1965), by Lushin's heirs ca. 1933 (cf. his signed note in blue ink on the reverse of the title page: "Von Luschins Erben erhalten"); his visiting card (as lecturer in Königsberg, 1909) is loosely inserted. - Spine and extremeties professionally repaired. Interior very well preserved and clean throughout; entirely complete save for the table of contents; the extant leaf of contents frayed at the edges with some loss to text (professionally repaired). {BN#47691}
¶ Von dem historischen Vereine für Krain im J. 1856 erworbene Gegenstände, in: Mittheilungen des historischen Vereins für Krain 11 (1856), p. 111 no. LXXV. A. Dimitz, Decreta visitationis Apostolicae Ecclesiae ac Diocesis Labacensis a Fre Sixto Carcano Ep.o Germanicense Visitatore Apostolico peractae ao. 1621, in: Mittheilungen des Historischen Vereins für Krain 17 (1862), pp. 11f., 30-32. A. Dimitz, Geschichte Krains von der ältesten Zeit bis auf das Jahr 1813 (Laibach 1874), p. 251 note 1. M. Rintelen, Bernhard Walthers privatrechtliche Traktate (Leipzig 1937), Ms. LK (p. XVIII).

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Manuscript Wall Map

[China]. Manuscript map of China. Japan, ca 1780. Japan, ca 1780. Manuscript map of 81 x 80 cm on mulberry paper, entirely in contemporary hand colour, folded between its original blue paper covers and preserved in a black modern leather protective case. Text in classical Japanese. Scale: ca 1:8,500,000.

EUR 45,000.00

Superb, unique manuscript map of China executed towards 1780, during the time of the powerful Qing dynasty, showing the whole extent of the Empire at the height of its power. No bibliography appears to mention our map, which is likely unique and is not known to have been published. It presents a major historical interest because it was drawn during the golden age of the Chinese civilization, when the borders of the Empire were more far-flung than ever. The reigns of Yonghzheng (1723-35) and Qianlong are considered the zenith of power of the Qing Empire, which spread out over more than 13 million square kilometres - a size unmatched in Chinese history before or after. - Qianlong (1711-99), the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, reigned over China from October 18th, 1735 until February 9th, 1796. His reign is considered the golden age of Chinese civilization, the height of the Qing Dynasty. The Emperor, an ambitious statesman conscious of his duty, expanded the borders of the Chinese Empire towards central Asia. A poet, accomplished painter and master of calligraphy, he promoted the development of Chinese culture across the empire and gathered one of the most important collections of art in the world. He founded the library of the four treasures, Siku Quanshu, so as to establish the largest collection of books in the history of China. This was a period of great territorial expansion and interior stability: under Qianlong, the Chinese Empire grew considerably, particularly in central Asia. Chinese Turkestan was incorporated into the Empire and renamed Xinjiang, while in the west, the valley of Ili was conquered. The magnificently hand-written map is filled with geographical and historical details. The legend indicates the distances from Nagasaki and gives multiple details about each and every Chinese province and the neighbouring countries. It also provides information about the population of the neighbouring countries such as the Philippines, Vietnam, and Java. The artist uses several colours to distinguish the various provinces of China as well as the neighbouring countries. Some elements depicted on the map are of particular interest, such as the clearly delineated Great Wall, from north-east to north-west, and the Gobi Desert, in the north and north-east of the map. Also, the illustration of the mouth of the great Yellow River is noteworthy. This river, the cradle of the Chinese civilization, has been known for changing its course since antiquity. Today, it runs to the Bohai Sea in the north of the Shandong province. On the present map, however, as on other contemporary maps, the mouth of the river is located in the south of the Jiangsu province. Other features shown include the Dongting Lake, in the Hunan province, the most important source of water in China; the sacred mountain of Taoism, Dong Yue Dai Shan, which all Chinese hope to climb one day; Korea and the Yalu River, the border between China and Korea; Japan and the sea of Japan in the north-east; Taiwan; Mongolia in the north; in the south-west, Vietnam, Malaysia, Java, the Philippines. - A red stamp of a previous Asian owner in the lower right corner of the map. The map has a high degree of precision, as 1 cm represents 100 Li (approximately 85 km). A superb and unique manuscript hand-coloured map of China, in perfect condition, revealing the extent of the Chinese Empire in the mid-18th century. {BN#47279}

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Unknown manuscript by a Jesuit about his sojourn in China, bound with two other relations

[China - Jesuit Letters]. Biblioteca volante ou colleçao de varias relacoes pertencentes... à Embaxada da China. Collection of relations about China compiled by Fr. Matthias da Conceiçao, librarian of the monastery at Mafra. Likely Mafra near Lisbon, 1756. Likely Mafra near Lisbon, 1756. 4to. 3 parts in one volume (with handwritten collective title as quoted above). I: Relaçao verdadeira dos sucessos da embaxada, que o Fidelissimo Rey de Portugal o Sr. D. José I mandou ao Imperador dal China no anno de 1752. (232) pp. Portuguese manuscript on paper. - Bound between (II): Jean Sylvain de Neuvialle. Relação da jornada, que fez ao Imperio da China, e summaria noticia da embaixada que deo na Corte de Pekim em o primeiro de Mayo de 1753, o Senhor Francisco Xavier Assiz Pacheco e Sampayo. Lisbon, Antonio Pedrozo Gairam, 1754. (16) pp. - (III): Noticia admiravel, e curiosa relaçam do grande imperio da China. Lisbon, Domingos Rodrigues, 1755. 8 pp. Contemporary full calf with title to giltstamped spine. All edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 18,000.00

A unique Chinese-themed sammelband compiled by the librarian of the famous palace-monastery of Mafra, built between 1717 and 1755. Bound between two rare, brief printed reports about the Portuguese missions to China carried out in 1753 and 1755 is an extensive unpublished manuscript that provides a "true relation of the successes of the embassy which King José I of Portugal sent to the Emperor of China in the year of 1752". Closely written in a fine, well-legible secretarial hand, the relation is dated December, 1754 and signed "Luis de Sigueira". Sequeira (1693-1763) was a French Jesuit who came to China in 1726, worked in Hukwang (Hankou) and served later as rector in Macao (cf. Pfister). No publication of his relation could be traced in the National Library of Lisbon or in library catalogues internationally. - Paper of letterpress relations and handwritten title noticeably browned, paper of Sequeira's manuscript unaffected, showing merely some occasional ink bleeding or corrosion in the bolder pen flourishes. Binding rubbed and bumped along extremeties; some chipping to spine. A unique survival with old handwritten library shelfmark "Est. 12.C.4.L.21" to flyleaf. {BN#48754}
¶ Cf. Pfister, Notices biographiques et bibliographiques sur les Jésuites de l'ancienne mission de Chine 1552-1773, II, p. 698 ff). OCLC 6407381 (II), 29132403 (III).

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[Chromometer]. Deutsche Handschrift auf Papier. O. O. u. D., [2. Hälft d. 18. Jhdts.]. O. O. u. D., [2. Hälft d. 18. Jhdts.]. 2 SS. Folio.

EUR 150.00

Instruktive Darstellung der Funktionsweise eines Chromometers, die wohl für einen Lexikonartikel oder als Aufsatz für eine technische Zeitschrift gedacht war: "Chromometer, Chromoskop oder Wärmemesser wird ein Instrument genannt, welches die Änderungen in der Wärme oder Temperatur der Luft oder eines andern Fluidums, dem es ausgesetzt, wird, genau anzeigt. Diese Kenntnis der abweichenden Temperatur ist bey mehreren ökonomischen Geschäften höchst wichtig; sie kann auch in einer regelmäßigen Bleich- und Färbeanstalt, wo man nicht auf[s] geradewohl operirt, und immer gleiche Resultate verlangt, nicht enbehrt werden; aber nur durch jenes Instrument wird sie möglich. So wie die Aräometer, so sind auch die Thermometer nach der Eintheilung ihrer Skalen verschieden. Die gebräuchlichsten sind das Reaumürische und Fahrenheit Thermometer, deren Eintheilung hinlänglich bekannt ist [...]". - Verfasser des vorliegenden Manuskript ist "Fritz v. Meiding[er]" - so die Unterschrift unter dem Text -, wohl ident mit dem Gelehrten, Naturforscher und Erfinder Johann Friedrich Reichsfrhr. von Meidinger (1726-1777). {BN#15980}

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