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A milestone of science, from the library of the Nuremberg humanist Joachim Camerarius

Agricola, Georg. De re metallica. Basel, J. Froben and N. Episcopius, 1556. Basel, J. Froben and N. Episcopius, 1556. Folio. (10), 538 (but: 502), (74) pp. With 2 (1 folded) woodcut plates and about 280 woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text, partly full-page. Contemporary vellum with ms. title to spine. Edges in blue.

EUR 65,000.00

First edition of "the first systematic treatise on mining and metallurgy, and one of the first technological works of modern times" (PMM), an immaculate copy with outstanding provenance. Dealing with "everything connected with the mining industry and metallurgical processes, including administration, prospecting, the duties of officials and companies, and the manufacture of glass, sulphur and alum" (PMM), Agricola's main work paved the way for further systematic study of the earth and of its rocks, minerals, fossils, refinery and oil. Illustrated with 2 plates (one folding) and more than 280 woodcuts in the text attributed to Hans Rudolf Manuel Deutsch (1525-72), some very large, showing the different stages of the extraction and transformation of metals. - From the library of the famous German physician and botanist Joachim Camerarius the Younger (1534-98) with his autograph ownership to the title page ("Joachimo Joach[imi] F[ilio] Camerario"; the Morgan Library holds another book from his library with an identical inscription, cf. Accession no. PML 129904) and a very few underlinings and marginalia most likely also in his hand. Unidentified 18th c. engraved bookplate with the motto "simulare nescit" on verso of title. Acquired from the library of Werner Habel, with his stamp, signature and acquisition date (1977) to front pastedown. First and final pages very lightly brownstained in the edges, otherwise clean and crisp throughout. Complete with the two inserted plates following page 100. A very appealing, wide-margined copy in its first binding. {BN#48845}
¶ PMM 79. Adams A 349. Sparrow (Milestones of Science), 4 and pl. 26.

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The principal Renaissance treatise on mining

Agricola, Georg. Vom Bergkwerck XII. Bücher darinn alle Empter, Instrument,... Gezeug und alles zu diesem Handel gehörig [...]. Basel, Hieronymus Froben & Nikolaus Episcopius, 1557. Basel, Hieronymus Froben & Nikolaus Episcopius, 1557. Folio (225 x 326 mm). (8), 491, (13) pp. With printer's woodcut device on title-page and verso of final leaf, a double-page-sized woodcut plate and numerous large woodcuts in the text (some 70 of which are page-sized). Contemporary limp vellum with fore-edge flap.

EUR 35,000.00

First translation ever of the principal Renaissance treatise on mining, prepared for German readers by Philipp Bech. Significantly rarer than the Latin first edition (PMM 79) published the previous year, as most of the printed sheets ended up being used for the 1580 second German edition. "A book that has earned its place in history as a masterpiece of Renaissance technical writing and technical illustration" (Hoover). "Treats the entire field of mining and metallurgy, including the overlapping subjects of geology and chemistry, but in particular mechanical engineering and machine technology" (cf. Koch). "Of the 292 woodcuts, 269 concern mining, economic geology, surveying instruments, tools and machinery, mine workings, and even salt production from the sea, a glass foundry, etc. They were cut in Basel after designs by Basilius Wefring of Joachimsthal. At least two known masters had a hand in the woodcuts: the draughtsman H. R. Manuel Deutsch from Bern and the woodcutter Z. Specklin from Strasbourg" (Horst). - Light, mostly even browning throughout; some fingerstaining to title with edges somewhat frayed, but well preserved in the unusual and entirely contemporary limp vellum binding with a generous flap protecting the fore-edge. Early 16th century bibliographical note concerning Porta's "De refractione" penned to lower pastedown. Provenance: early handwritten ownership of "Andreas Virizius" on front pastedown. While the "possessor huius libri" calls himself a "conterfecter" (portrait painter), he may be identical with the like-named student of the Flemish humanist Justus Lipsius who flourished in Danzig around 1599, gave private instruction and produced several translations from Latin into German (cf. Jöcher IV, 1645). {BN#49345}
¶ VD 16, A 935. IA 101.560. Hoover 22. Koch 6 & pp. 34ff. Darmstaedter, Agricola 45 & 88. Michaelis-Prescher 22. Horst 771ff. Lipperheide Pd1. Cf. Horblit 2b. Sparrow 4. Dibner 88. PMM 79 (1556 Latin first edition).

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Interpretation of Dreams

[Ahmet Ibn Sirin]. [Kitab al-Jawami - Italian]. Espositione de gli insomnii... secondo la interpretatione de gli Indi Persi et Egyptii. Tradutte e Greco in Latino per Leone Toschano, et al presente date in Luce. Per il Tricasso Mantuano ad Alessandro Bicharia patricio Pavese. Venice, Giovanni Padoano ad instantia de Marchio Sessa, 1551. Venice, Giovanni Padoano ad instantia de Marchio Sessa, 1551. 8vo. 62, (2) ff. With wodcut printer's device on title page. Contemporary limp vellum with later giltstamped orange spine label and ms. spine title.

EUR 4,500.00

Very rare Italian edition of the "Kitab al-Jawami", an Arabic work on the interpretation of dreams by an "Achmet, son of Seirim" - almost certainly identical with the 8th century Muslim mystic Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Sirin. The work survived in a Greek translation ("Biblion oneirokritikon") prepared in the 12th century. "The author Ahmed served as interpreter of dreams to Caliph Al-Mamun around 820 [...] The mediaeval conflation of medicine with astrology originated with the Arabs. Through the Salernitanian school, which had many Arabic works translated, the notion reached Europe in the 11th century, where it remained predominant as late as the 17th and 18th century [...] In 1577 J. Loewenklau published a Latin translation of the Oneirokritiká of Ahmed, whom he calls Apomasar" (cf. Schöll). - Slight waterstaining and old ink ownerships and annotations to title page. {BN#48447}
¶ BM-STC Italian 338. Edit 16, CNCE 40443 (title misspelt: "insonnii"). OCLC 1002786023. Not in Adams. Cf. GAL I, 66. Schöll, Geschichte der griechischen Literatur III, 487. Graesse, Bibl. mag. et pneum. 97.

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The principal work of Rhazes

Al-Razi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya (Rhazes). Opus medicinae practicae saluberrium, antehac nusquam impressum, Galeatii... de sancta Sophia in nonu tractatum libri Rhasis ad Regem Almansorem, de curatione morborum particularium, huic seculo accomodatissimum [...]. Hagenau, Valentian Kobian, 25. III. 1533. Hagenau, Valentian Kobian, 25. III. 1533. Folio (215 x 316 mm). (4), 125 ff., final blank f. Title-page printed in red and black. With woodcut title border and numerous initials. - (Bound after) II: Hyginus, C[aius] Julius. Fabularum liber [...]. Basel, Johann Herwagen, March 1535. (24), 246, (2) pp. With 2 different printer's devices, 48 woodcuts in the text and numerous initials. - (Bound after) III: Alexander Trallianus. De singularum corporis partium, ab hominis coronide ad imum usque calcaneum, vitiis, aegritudinibus, & injuriis [...]. Basel, Heinrich Petri, (March 1533). (18) ff. (last blank), 342, (6) pp. With repeated woodcut printer's device and numerous initials. Contemporary wooden covers with blindstamped leather spine on four double bands. 2 clasps.

EUR 45,000.00

The principal work of Rhazes, hailed as the "Arabic Galen", frequently reissued with a wealth of commentaries as late as the Renaissance. Dedicated to Prince Almansor of Chorasan, this edition contains the commentary of the physician Galeazzo da Santa Sofia (d. 1427), a native of Padua who served in Vienna as the personal physician to Duke Albrecht IV - likely the only edition of this commentary. The volume was edited by the physician Georg Kraut, who contributed a "Libellus introductorius in artem parvam Galeni de principiis universalibus totius medicinae". - II: Bound before this is the first edition of this variously reprinted collection of Hyginus's mythographical works, "an indispensable aid for the knowledge of the subject matter of Greek tragedy" (Tusc. Lex. Lit.). This is the first appearance in print of the "Fabularum liber", edited by Jacob Micyllus; the finely illustrated "Poeticon astronomicon" had first appeared in 1482. - III: Also bound within the same volume is the second Latin edition of the works of Alexander from Tralles in Lydia (525-ca. 605), the third great physician of the Byzantine epoch, edited by the learned Swiss physician Alban Thorer (Albanus Torinus, 1489-1516). - Traces of a removed title label on the upper cover of the well-preserved binding. Finely penned annotations to Rhazes; the other works contain marginalia in a different hand. An old ownership appears to have been removed from the upper blank margin of Hyginus. Wants the first free endpaper. Some dampstaining to upper margins throughout; other margins show only occasional staining; otherwise largely clean with insignificant browning. {BN#50997}
¶ I. VD 16, M 6766. Adams R 225. BM-STC German 634. Benzing 115, 5. Bird 2030. Burg 187. Durling 1747. Haeser I, 705. Panzer VII, 111, 362. Wellcome I, 5748. Not in Lesky, Osler or Waller, not in Wolfenbüttel. - II: VD 16, H 6479. Honeyman 1738. Houzeau/L. 762. Panzer VI, 306, 1013. BM-STC German 427. Schweiger II.1, 464. Zinner 1592. Not in Adams. - III. VD 16, ZV 394. BM-STC German 20. Adams A 701 (incomplete). Choulant, Ält. Med. 136. Durling 147. Wellcome I, 206 (incomplete). Cf. Puschmann I, p. 99.

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Surgical instruments illustrated

Al-Razi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya (Rhazes) / Arcolano, Giovanni (ed.). Omnes, qui proximis seculis scripserunt, medicos longe excellentis... opera [...]. In quibus sunt & commentarii in Razis Arabis nonum Lib. ad regem Almansorem [...]. Basel, Heinrich Petri, 1540. Basel, Heinrich Petri, 1540. Folio (225 x 331 mm). (12), 747, (1) pp. With 2 (repeated) woodcut printer's devices to title page and final page as well as a half-page woodcut of surgical instruments at the end of the preliminaries. Modern blindstamped brown calf on four raised double bands.

EUR 9,500.00

Rare edition of this commentary on the ninth book of the treatise dedicated by ar-Razi (also known as Rhazes; 850-923 or 932) to Almansor, the Prince of Chorosan (with the text). "The manual, known as 'Nonus Almansoris', was popular among mediaeval physicians" (cf. GAL S I, p. 419). The work discusses special pathology but excluding pyrology and was one of the most popular textbooks at medical schools and faculties well into the Middle Ages (cf. Hirsch/H. I, 171). Rhazes is considered the greatest mediaeval physician next to Avicenna; he also conducted alchemical experiments. According to his biographer al-Gildaki, he was blinded for refusing to share his secrets of chemistry. - A woodcut on the final page of the preliminaries depicts ten different surgical instruments, including a tongue depressor, a forceps, and various instruments for cauterization. Several minor waterstains throughout, but generally a fine copy. Provenance: Handwritten ownership of the Jesuit College of Louvain, dated 1637, on the title page. {BN#48706}
¶ VD 16, A 3222. Durling 249. Cf. Garrison/M. 3666.84; Poletti, p. 11; Wellcome I, 383; M. H. Fikri, Treasures from The Arab Scientific Legacy in Europe (Qatar 2009) no. 46, with double-page spread illustration on p. 82f. (1542 Venice edition).

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Satirical poetry by a Medici opponent who fled Florence for France

Alamanni, Luigi. Opere toscane. Venice, heirs of Lucantonio Giunta (colophons: printed by Peter Schoeffer the younger) , 1542. Venice, heirs of Lucantonio Giunta (colophons: printed by Peter Schoeffer the younger) , 1542. 2 volumes bound as 1. 8vo. (16), 431, (1 blank); 295, (7) pp. With 2 title-pages, each with the same woodcut Giunta device (a decorated fleur-de-lis in a wreath with 2 putti), a full-page woodcut showing a larger version of the same device on the last printed page of vol. 2, and about 90 spaces with guide letters left for 3-line manuscript initials (not filled in). Set in an Aldine-style italic (with upright capitals), but the imprint in the first successful italic with sloped capitals, headings (including the titles) in roman capitals. 18th-century gold-tooled mottled calf, sewn on 5 recessed cords, each board with a frame made from a single roll, the spine tooled as a single field (filled with a 7 mm roll of diagonal lines) except for a separate field for the red morocco label, gold-tooled board edges, marbled endpapers (Dutch pattern in red, blue, yellow, green and white), red edges, headbands in green, tan and white, green ribbon marker.

EUR 1,750.00

Third edition of frequently satirical poetry and plays written in (mostly blank) Italian verse by the Florentine statesman, poet and playwright Luigi Alamanni (1495-1556), the two volumes first published in 1532 and 1533. He and his contemporary Giangiorgio Trissino pioneered the use of blank verse in Italian poetry. The French King François I (1494-1547), who promoted Renaissance Italian ideas and fashions in France, had been allied with the Medici in Florence, but when Giulio de' Medici (from 1523 Pope Clement VII) and François I fell out in 1521, Luigi Alamanni, whose family had long supported the Medici, took François's side and plotted against Giulio. As a result Luigi had to flee to France, living part of the time in Lyon and frequenting François's court in Paris. He returned to Florence when the Medici fell in 1527 but fled again when they regained power in 1530. As a result, he wrote most of his works in France, and Sébastien Gryphius first published them in two volumes at Lyon. The second editions followed in Italy in the same years, published by Bernardo Giunta in Florence (volume 1) and Melchior Sessa in Venice (volume 2). Each volume of the present third edition includes a (different) dedication to King François I. The literary content is: volume I: Elegia (in IV libri with X, VII, VIII & V elegies); Egloga I-XIIII; Sonettini; Canzone; Favola di Narcisso; Il diluvio Rom[ano]; Favola di Athlante; Satire I-XII; Luigi Almanni a Bernardo Altoviti S.; Salmi penit[entiali] I-VII. Vol. II: Selve (in III libri with VII, V & V silvan poems); Favola di Phetonte; Argomento di messer' Antonio Bruciolo sopra l'Antigone; Tragedia di Antigone; Hymni I-VIII; Stanze; Sonetti. - With alphabetical indexes of the poems at the beginning of volume 1 and the end of volume 2. - The book was printed for the Giunti heirs by Peter Schoeffer the younger (ca. 1475/80-1547), the son of Gutenberg's assistant, who began printing in Mainz, but printed in Venice in 1541 and 1542. He was an important typographic punchcutter, so that the book shows types often of his own cutting. The italic used for the imprint is especially interesting as the second (and the first successful) italic to use sloped capitals: that used for the main text follows the earlier Aldine italics, with upright capitals. Schoeffer's present italic with sloped capitals, apparently completed in 1537, proved very successful and helped make sloped capitals the norm for italics. - With an early owner's inscription at the foot of the title-page. The first page and last page are very slightly browned and one page has torn at the foot along the gutter fold, but the book is still in very good condition, most leaves fine. With the front board detached, the back hinge worn, a vertical crack down the spine (with a chip at the foot and damage to the headband), and the right half of the spine label lost. 16th-century Italian poetry of both literary and political interest. {BN#49592}
¶ BM-STC Italian 12. Camerini, Annali dei Giunti 465. Edit 16, CNCE 600. Gamba, Serie testi lingua Italiana (1839), 15. USTC 808166. Cf. Adams A 406f, (1532-33 Lyons ed.).

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A medieval celebration of the "valiant woman" - the first and only incunable edition

Albertus Magnus. Liber de muliere forti […]. [Cologne, Heinrich Quentell, 7 May 1499]. [Cologne, Heinrich Quentell, 7 May 1499]. 4to (135 x 193 mm). (160) ff. (signed aa-dd8; a-y8). With colophonic title-page on verso of y4. Bound in 16th or early 17th century gilt-ruled Spanish calf with gilt ornaments at corners and on spine as well as faded armorial or emblem on center of both boards. All edges stained dark blue. A few scored early inscriptions on title-page including of 'Petri Cendra'; front endpaper laid onto pastedown. Some unobtrusive staining to inner margins throughout due to binder's glue; a few leaves with dampstains to lower corners; and a few signatures foxed due to paperstock. A neat, broad-margined copy in an early binding.

EUR 15,000.00

Editio princeps of this apocryphal text celebrating the Medieval ideal of the 'strong' or 'valiant' woman - certainly an unusual theme for an incunable, and an important reflection of idealized female conduct in the early Renaissance. The present copy is found in a well-preserved binding with ownership inscriptions indicating the book's migration to Spain perhaps as early as the late 16th century. - Long attributed to Albertus Magnus, the present work has enjoyed a recent resurgence in interest thanks to modern scholarship focusing on women in medieval Christianity. De Muliere Forti takes as its scriptural starting point verses 10-31 of Proverbs 31, which contain some of the most outspoken praises of women in the Bible: "Strength and beauty are her clothing… She hath opened her mouth to wisdom, and the law of clemency is on her tongue…" etc. In De Muliere Forti, various parts of a woman's body (feet, hands, arms, loins, breast, womb, etc) are treated as symbolic of the virtues of the 'valiant woman'; overall the text "show[s] readers how a male Dominican thought about gender and, in particular, women in the high Middle Ages" (The Valiant Woman, p. iii). On the other hand, an allegorical interpretation refers to the Church herself as the 'Valiant Woman', and "one could say that [the author] radicalizes the tradition by writing an entire theological treatise on ecclesiology on the basis of the Song [of Solomon]. The opening words of the book state simply: Laudes Ecclesiae describit Salomon in figura mulieris fortis, 'Solomon lists the praises of the Church in the figure of a valiant woman,' and the rest of the work gives a theological elaboration of that assumption, interspersed with philosophy and Aristotelian physics (for example on the formation of snow, in connection with verse 21)" (Wolters). - The title-page inscription of 'Petri Cendra' - a distinctly Catalonian surname - is somewhat puzzling, as it is the name of a famous 13th century (d. 1244) Dominican monk resident in Barcelona. The inscription may reflect a reader's authorial attribution - which would be an interesting piece of the historiographical puzzle - or, a later monk may have taken on the same nom de religion as his illustrious predecessor. - We note just two copies in auction records of the last 20 years, the last (2014) making € 12.500. {BN#50024}
¶ Goff A-286. GW 699. ISTC ia00286000. Cf. also Ashley, Benedict M. & Holtz, Dominic M (eds.), The Valiant Woman. De muliere forti: a medieval commentary on Proverbs 31:10-31 (2013); and Wolters, Albert M. The Song of the Valiant Woman (Prov 31:10-31): A Pattern in the History of Interpretation (MA thesis, McMaster University, 1987).

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Alessio Piemontese. De secretis libri sex mira quadam rerum varietate... referti ex italico in latinum sermone e nunc primum translati per Ioannem Iacobum Weckerum, medicum. Basel, [Peter Perna], 1559. Basel, [Peter Perna], 1559. 8vo. (16), 279, (23) pp., final blank f. Half vellum using a leaf from an antiphonary.

EUR 2,500.00

First Latin edition of Alessio's "De secretis", still in six books. The author is commonly identified with the alchemist Girolamo Ruscelli (1520-66). "Das Werk gehört nach Caillet zur 'haute philosophie hermetique'. Es enthält außer alchemistischen auch viele kosmetische Rezepte, ferner solche gegen Pest, Schlangengift, Ungeziefer, wie auch Konfekt, Einmachen von Früchten, Druckerschwärze, Putzmittel, Schlafmittel usw., des weiteren sehr frühe Beispiele zur Syphilis-Therapie und Arsenikverbindungen zur Haarvertilgung" (Horn/Arndt). "Une des premières éditions de ces célébres secrets que l'on considère comme merveilleux. Quelques personnes qui ont fait l'essai de plusieurs affirment que les résultats sont prodigieux" (Caillet). Sections on making wine, ink, soap, toothpaste, etc. From 1569 onwards Perna also published a German translation. - Somewhat brownstained and waterstained throughout; a few contemporary marginalia; extensive notes by a contemporary hand on reverse of t. p. and at the end. Very rare; no copy in auction records of the past decades. {BN#30052}
¶ VD 16, R 3835. Durling 110. Wellcome 178. Ferchl 455. Ferguson I, 22 (note). Duveen 15 (note). Cf. Caillet I, 177ff. Rosenthal 754. Graesse (Bib. magica) 50. Simon 33.

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A famous tract against Islam

[Alphonsus de Spina. Fortalicium fidei contra iudeos saracenos aliosque christiane fidei... inimicos]. [Lyon], Guillaume Balsarin, 22. V. 1487. [Lyon], Guillaume Balsarin, 22. V. 1487. Small folio (209 x 291 mm). 248 unnumbered leaves (without the first and last blank, as usual). Gothic type, 2 cols., 51 lines. With a woodcut in the text on fol. a2r and printer's device at the end. A single ink initial on p. a2 supplied by the owner. 18th century full calf with panelled boards and giltstamped spine label. Marbled endpapers. All edges red.

EUR 18,000.00

Rare edition; a single copy in Great Britain. The "Fortalitatium fidei", the principal work (written c. 1458) of the baptized Spanish Jew de Spina, is considered the "methodical and ideological foundation of the Inquisition. The book, divided into five chapters, targets chiefly Jews and Muslims" (cf. LMA I, 408f.). Of the five books, "the first [is] directed against those who deny the Divinity of Christ, the second against heretics, the third against the Jews, and the fourth against Islam and the Muslims, while the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell. In this last book the author dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demons, etc." (Catholic Encyclopaedia). "Ouvrage fort curieux de ce théologien espagnol [...] il était dit-on d'origine juive, c'est pour cela que son 'Fortalicium' pèut ètre classé dans une bibliothèque kabbalistique" (Caillet). Part 3, on the iniquities of the Jews, is a veritable encyclopaedia of mediaeval antisemitic libel, containing numbered lists of Jewish "cruelties" and refutations of the Jews' supposed anti-Christian arguments. The section on Islam lists the numerous Saracen wars, while the fifth book is devoted to the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell and its resident demons, whose population the author calculates at over 133 million; this is one of the earliest printed discussions of witchcraft and a precursor to the "Malleus maleficarum", the first edition of which appeared in the same year as this present edition. - Occasional contemporary ink marginalia (some touched by the binder's knife); some slight worming, confined to blank margins. Some even browning and a weak waterstain, but a very good, wide-margined copy with an 18th century noble collection stamp (crowned Gothic letter G; not in Lugt) on the first leaf. {BN#46737}
¶ HC 874*. Goff A-542. GW 1577. Proctor 8575. BMC VIII, 277. Polain 159. Pellechet 564. Coumont (Witchcraft) S84.4. Caillet 10305.

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A famous tract against Islam

Alphonsus de Spina. Fortalitium fidei in universos christiane religionis hostes Judaeorum... et saracenorum [...]. (Lyon, Jean Moylin for) Etienne Gueynard, (11 Oct. 1525). (Lyon, Jean Moylin for) Etienne Gueynard, (11 Oct. 1525). Large 8vo. (8), CCCLXXI, (3) ff. Title printed in red and black with woodcut illustration and numerous woodcut initials and marginal illustrations repeated throughout the volume. Contemporary full calf over wooden boards with blind-tooled ornaments and remains of clasps, rebacked in the 19th century with new spine and marbled endpapers.

EUR 9,500.00

This "Fortress of the Faith, against all the enemies of the Christian religion, restraining the rage of Jews and Muslims", written c. 1458, is the principal work of the baptized Spanish Jew de Spina. It is considered the "methodical and ideological foundation of the Inquisition. The book, divided into five chapters, targets chiefly Jews and Muslims" (cf. LMA I, 408f.). Of the five books, "the first [is] directed against those who deny the Divinity of Christ, the second against heretics, the third against the Jews, and the fourth against Islam and the Muslims, while the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell. In this last book the author dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demons, etc." (Catholic Encyclopaedia). "Ouvrage fort curieux de ce théologien espagnol [...] il était dit-on d'origine juive, c'est pour cela que son 'Fortalicium' pèut ètre classé dans une bibliothèque kabbalistique" (Caillet). Part 3, on the iniquities of the Jews, is a veritable encyclopaedia of mediaeval antisemitic libel, containing numbered lists of Jewish "cruelties" and refutations of the Jews' supposed anti-Christian arguments. The section on Islam lists the numerous Saracen wars, while the fifth book is devoted to the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell and its resident demons, whose population the author calculates at over 133 million. - Block loosened in places. Clasps missing; binding rubbed but original blind-tooling of boards remains recognizable, even though partly obscured by the 19th century leather that replaced the spine. A fine post-incunabular edition, the final one to appear, embellished with numerous woodcut illustrations. {BN#48723}
¶ Adams S 1593. BM-STC French 170. Coumont (Witchcraft) S84.7. IA 103.849. Caillet 10306 ("Incunable gothique rare").

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Costumes of the world

[Amman, Jost/Weigel, Hans. Habitus praecipuorum populorum, tam virorum quam foeminarum singulari... arte depicti. Trachtenbuch darin fast allerley und der furnembsten Nationen die heutigs tags bekandt sein. Nuremberg, Hans Weigel, 1577]. Nuremberg, Hans Weigel, 1577]. Folio (204 x 325 mm). 161 (instead of 220) hand-numbered woodcut plates in early 18th-century colour, mounted on backing paper and missing parts supplemented by hand. Later half calf with 18th-c. spine label. All edges sprinkled in red.

EUR 14,000.00

First edition of Jost Amman's encyclopedic book of costumes. A strongly fragmented copy, as usual; in the early 19th century, the plates were mounted on backing paper by the owner, the trained landscape painter Jakob Linckh (1786-1841) from Stuttgart (cf. Thieme/B. 23, 254), who also coloured the volume throughout and supplemented all missing parts of the images and even of the text by hand. Linckh, who had studied in Rome, visited Greece in 1810. There he met Byron, who commissioned him to provide the illustrations for Hobhouse's travel book. - Wants 59 plates altogether; the remainder are trimmed closely at the upper edge, and most have severe defects in the lower half. Although the present collection begins with the plate showing the Emperor, as originally issued, the remaining woodcuts follow no apparent order. 20 plates show costumes of Turkey, Arabia, Persia, Egypt, and Ethiopia; others depict Greeks, Russians, and Englishmen. 28 plates show the costumes of today's Italy; German cities are well represented, as are France and Spain, Bohemia and Hungary. Also includes the famous picture of the Brazilian Tupinamba Indians: a man with a crown and belt of feathers, a knife, and a bow and arrow, beside a long-haired woman carrying a baby in a knotted sling. The illustration is an adaptation of two cuts from the "Recueil de la diversité des habits" (Paris, 1562; Antwerp, 1572) by Francois Descerpz, "one of the first likenesses of the Brazilian Indian" (Borba de Moraes). - Title page shows Jakob Linckh's autograph ownership (dated 1825); somewhat later stamped ownership of Anton Franzin (possibly the like-named Tyrolean law clerk, c. 1840) to flyleaf. {BN#28741}
¶ VD 16, W 1487 (BSB copy incomplete). Lipperheide 7-8 (both copies incomplete). Andresen I, 234. Becker 140. Borba de Moraes II, 373f. Maggs, Bibl. Americana 1-214 ("This book is excessively rare in a complete state").

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The first book illustrations of Hans Baldung Grien

(Andreae, Johannes). Arbor consanguineitatis cum suis enigmatibus [e]t figuris. (Nuremberg, Hieronymus Höltzel, 23 December 1506). (Nuremberg, Hieronymus Höltzel, 23 December 1506). 4to. (23) ff. Printed in red and black. With full-page woodcut on verso of title-page and 15 woodcut genealogical diagrams, some full-page. Modern half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 3,500.00

Important collection of commentaries on the canon law of marriage and inheritance among blood relations; a standard work of the Middle Ages that saw more than 59 incunabular editions. Compared to Höltzel's first issue, produced in 1505, the present edition has been expanded by 5 leaves. Of the 15 woodcuts showing various degrees of relation, six are by Hans Baldung Grien, whose first works of woodcut book illustration these are. The new woodcut on leaf e2v ist not by Baldung, but by an imitator. The finely printed woodcut on the verso of the title-page, the work of an unidentified artist, shows St. Jerome kneeling before a crucifix with a fortified city in the background. - Trimmed rather closely with insignificant loss to some of the printed marginal glosses. Light brownstaining to title-page; an old blue crayon annotation to the colophon. {BN#50491}
¶ VD 16, J 321. BM-STC German 31. Adams A 1056. IA 105.179. Panzer VII, 443, 29. Oldenbourg L 2. Kat. Karlsruhe I Anm. Dodgson, Cat. I, 510, 23. Kat. Baldung-Ausstellung Nürnberg 1961, Nr. 26. Oettinger/Knappe, Nr. 71.

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Angelo da Vallombrosa. Apologeticum Angeli anachorite Vallisumbrose pro Iulio Papa contra... consilium Decii ad S.R.E. Cardinales. [Rome, Marcello Silber, 1511]. [Rome, Marcello Silber, 1511]. 4to. (4) ff. With the woodcut Papal arms on the title-page. Modern half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 850.00

One of two issues of this pamphlet in defence of Pope Julius II against the anti-papist "consilium" of the important jurist Filippo Decio (1454-1535), who had argued for the legitimacy of the second Council of Pisa. The jurist and abbot Angelus Anachorita Vallombrosa (1455-1530) authored a number of polemics, including several against Savonarola. - Year of printing supplied from the date of the preface ("X Kal. Dec. 1511" = 22 Nov. 1511); the copy in the Bavarian State Library (4 Conc. 81) is patently misdated "1509". Printer from A. Tinto, Gli annali tipografici di Eucario e Marcello Silber (1968). - Some brownstaining to title-page with old shelfmark in brown ink; date on verso annotated in sanguine. Very rare. {BN#50494}
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 1851. OCLC 54337177. Not in Adams or BM-STC Italian.

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Angelo da Vallombrosa. Epistole Angeli anachorite Vallisumbrose Iulio Secundo pont. max.... Francorum regi Bernardino tunc cardinali sancte Crucis. Pro Christiana unitate servanda. [Rome, Marcello Silber, 1511?]. [Rome, Marcello Silber, 1511?]. 4to. (4) ff. With the woodcut Papal arms on the title-page. Modern half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 850.00

Probably only edition of these five missives to Pope Julius II and his antagonists, the deposed cardinal Bernardino Carvajal and Louis XII of France. The jurist and abbot Angelus Anachorita Vallombrosa (1455-1530) authored a number of polemics, including several against Savonarola. - Year of printing taken from the date of the last letter ("VIII Kal. Nov. 1511" = 25 October 1511). Printer supplied from A. Tinto, Gli annali tipografici di Eucario e Marcello Silber (1968); Edit 16 (CNCE 1854) and British Museum state Giacomo Mazzocchi in Rome and G. S. di Carlo da Pavia in Florence as other possible printers. - A slight waterstain in the margin throughout with slight edge damage. Old shelfmark in brown ink to title-page; date at the end annotated in sanguine. Very rare. {BN#50496}
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 1855. BM-STC Italian 29. Halle (Newe Zeitungen) 66. Not in Adams.

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Angelo da Vallombrosa. Oratio Angeli anachorite Vallisumbrose pro concilio Lateranensi. Contra... conventiculum Pisanum. [Rome, Marcello Silber, 1511]. [Rome, Marcello Silber, 1511]. 4to. (6) ff. With the woodcut Papal arms on the title-page. Modern half vellum over marbled boards.

EUR 850.00

Only edition of this speech for the convocation of the Fifth Lateran Council and against the convocation of the schismatic Second Council of Pisa. The jurist and abbot Angelus Anachorita Vallombrosa (1455-1530) authored a number of polemics, including several against Savonarola. - Year of printing supplied from the date of the preface ("Sexto Idus Sept. 1511" = 8 Sept. 1511); printer from A. Tinto, Gli annali tipografici di Eucario e Marcello Silber (1968). - Noticeable waterstaining throughout with old shelfmark in brown ink to title-page; date on verso annotated in sanguine. Very rare. {BN#50495}
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 1857. BM-STC Italian 29. Not in Adams.

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From the library of the miniaturist Johann Spiegler, with coloured title page

Apian, Petrus. Inscriptiones sacrosanctae vetustatis non illae quidem Romanae, sed... totius fere orbis summo studio ac maximis impensis Terra Marique conquistae feliciter incipiunt. Ingolstadt, P. Apianus, 1534. Ingolstadt, P. Apianus, 1534. Folio (210 x 294 mm). (40), DXII, (8) pp. Title page printed in red and black. With large emblematic title woodcut after Albrecht Dürer, hand-coloured around 1730; woodcut printer's device on verso of final leaf. With coloured woodcut arms of Raimund Fugger, 7 large woodcut initials showing astronomical and mathematical motifs, and 184 woodcut illustrations. Text surrounded by various woodcut borders throughout. Contemp. vellum with ms. spine title.

EUR 9,500.00

Only edition. - Printed at the expense of the banker Raimund Fugger, this work presents classical inscriptions and statues collected all over Europe (of which many were in Fugger's own collection). The text is based on earlier studies by Peutinger, Pirckheimer, and others. An exceptionally fine work from the private press of Peter Apianus (1495-1552), mainly known as a mathematician and geographer. Title woodcut by Hans Brosamer (after Dürer) and Fugger's coat of arms (by M. Ostendorfer) splendidly hand-coloured and raised in gilt; undoubtedly the work of the book's previous owner, Johann Spiegler, who signs his name beneath the imprint on the title page ("Annumeror libris Joannis Spiegleri Juliomagensis"). Spiegler is known as a Constance miniaturist active during the first half of the 18th century (cf. Brun, SKL III, 1913) and is sometimes identified with the Constance painter Franz Joseph (Johann) Spiegler (1691-1757; cf. Thieme/Becker XXXI, 370f.). - Slight dampstains and edge tears near end; occasional paper loss remargined. Page tt1r (the printed area of which reaches far into the margin) lacks the final character of the right column. An uncommonly beautiful copy, last in the collection of the Maryland pharmaceutical investor Charles W. Newhall. {BN#27149}
¶ VD 16, A 3086. IA 106.422. Adams A 1291. BM-STC (German) 37. Stalla 85. Brunet I, 342. Van Ortroy 109. Günther (Apian) 20f.

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Apollonius of Rhodes. Argonauticorum libri quatuor, nunc primum latinitate donati, atque... in lucem editi. Ioanne Hartungo interprete. Acceßit locuples rerum & verborum memorabilium index. Basel, (Johannes Oporinus, February 1550. Basel, (Johannes Oporinus, February 1550. 8vo. (32), 226, (28) pp., l. bl. f. With 2 woodcut initials. Contemp. vellum with gold-stamped label to spine.

EUR 1,400.00

First Latin edition, the first 16th c. Latin verse translation of the most important and only complete epic of Alexandrine hellenism in imitation of Homer. - The classicist J. Hartung (1505-79) received the Heidelberg Chair of Greek in 1537. in 1546 he followed a call as Professor of Greek and Hebrew in Freiburg/Breisgau, where he also taught Poetry. - With dedicatory poems by Joachim Mynsinger, Jacob Micyllus, and Balthasar Acanthius; these are followed by emendations of the Greek text, improving upon the Aldine and the Frankfurt edition, with Latin and - “quite uncommon!” (cf. Hieronymus) - German notes in Gothic type. - Somewhat browned throughout (occasionally stronger). Small stamp of the Bonclerici Library on t. p. {BN#6791}
¶ VD 16, A 3132. IA 106.503. Hoffmann I, 215. Schweiger I, 38. Hieronymus, Griechischer Geist 188. Not in Adams or BM-STC German. Not in Dibdin or Moss.

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Arcussia, Charles d'. La fauconnerie. Paris, Jean Houzé, 1599. Paris, Jean Houzé, 1599. Small 8vo (100 x 169 mm). 272, (8) pp. With 11 engravings in the text. Red morocco.

EUR 18,000.00

Second edition of this classic work on hawking. - Leaf F8 in facsimile. Some staining; otherwise in good condition. {BN#51162}
¶ Thiébaud 28. Harting, 153. Schwerdt I, 41. Souhart 16.

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Aretino, Pietro. Quattro comedie [...] Cio' è Il Marescaléo, La... Cortegiana, La Talanta, l'Hipocrito. Novellamente ritornate, per mezzo della stampa, a luce, a richiesta de conoscitori del lor valore. [London, John Wolfe], 1588. [London, John Wolfe], 1588. Small 8vo. 4 parts in one volume. VIII, 285, (3) ff. With medallion portrait (legend: "D. Petrus Aretinus Flagellum Principum") on title (repeated three times). 19th c. calf (slightly worn).

EUR 1,500.00

Pirated edition of Aretino's "comedie" (the first appeared 1553 in Venice) printed by one of the most rebellious and outspoken of all the Elizabethan printers. Wolfe's production was in all probability chiefly destined for the European continent, as all of Aretino's works had been on the Roman Index since 1558; copies were offered for sale at the Frankfurt Book Fair of 1589. Aretino's comedies are considered the best of his works. They rank among the great works of Renaissance drama, and many of their leading characters were prototypes for later playwrights. ‘La Talanta’, for example, prepared the way for Shakespeare’s character Falstaff. "[U]n frontespizo particolare ad ogni comedia [...] ha al fine una Lettera dell'Aretino a Daniele Barbaro" (Gamba). - One gathering misbound, but a nice complete copy. {BN#14571}
¶ Edit 16, CNCE 2486. Index Aureliensis 107.120. BM-STC Italian 517. Adams A 1562. Gamba 1204 note. Brunet I, 408. Pforzheimer 800. Woodfield, Surreptious Printing in England 43.

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Famous medical manual

Arnoldus de Villanova, [Pseudo-] (ed.). [Regimen sanitatis Salernitanum.] Regimen Sanitatis cu[m] expositione magistri... Arnaldi de Villa nova Cathellano Noviter Impressus. Venice, Bernardinus Venetus de Vitalibus, [after 1500/1505]. Venice, Bernardinus Venetus de Vitalibus, [after 1500/1505]. 4to. (82) ff. (A-T4, V6). 29 lines, text partly surrounded by commentary. Later half vellum.

EUR 6,500.00

Latin edition of this famous medical manual, arranged at Salerno in the 12th century and published in various incunabular editions. This instructional poem and the commentary that accompanies it, often attributed to the 13th-century Montpellier alchemist Arnoldus de Villanova (cf. E. Wickersheimer, in: Comptes rendus du XIIIe Congrès international d'histoire de la médecine, 1954, p. 226-234 [Aquilon 570]), preserved its exceptional influence in Western Europe well into the 19th century. - Quire Q misbound but complete; some browning and fingerstaining; margins show some wrinkling. Several old marginalia and underlinings; later ms. note to title page: "Arnoldinus in Scholam Salernitanam". Very rare; a single record in ABPC (Swann, 24 Jan. 1980, lot 1792). {BN#30234}
¶ CR 5053. Goff R-77. GW M37397. BSB-Ink R-50. Klebs 830.12. Sander 6391. Pellechet 1289. BMC V, 598. Edit 16, CNCE 60481. Cf. Essling 609f.

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