Gertrude Stein was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector. She moved to Paris in 1903, and made France her home for the remainder of her life. She hosted a Paris salon, where the leading figures of modernism in literature and art would meet. In 1933, Stein published a quasi-memoir of her Paris years, "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas", written in the voice of her life partner. The book became a literary bestseller and vaulted Stein from the relative obscurity of the cult-literature scene into the limelight of mainstream attention. The quote "Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose" from her 1922 poem "Sacred Emily" has become widely known.