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Chinese voyages to the west, based on Chinese sources, presentation copy

Bretschneider, (Emil). Notes on Chinese Mediaeval Travellers to the West. Shanghai, London, American Presbyterian Mission Press, Trübner, 1875. Shanghai, London, American Presbyterian Mission Press, Trübner, 1875. 8vo. (2), II, (1), (1 blank), 130 pp. With numerous Chinese characters in text and 3 wood engraved illustrations in text. Contemporary blind- and gold-blocked cloth.

EUR 4.950,00

First separately published edition of a work on Chinese travellers from the 13th century by the Baltic physician and sinologist Emil Bretschneider (1833-1901). The book opens with a preface and an introduction, followed by four chapters, each devoted to a different Chinese traveller or voyage to the west. Bretschneider starts each chapter with a brief introduction, followed by a translation of Chinese sources including many Chinese characters, mostly for Chinese names, cities, rivers, mountains, etc. The first chapter deals with the travels of the Taoist monk Qiu Chuji (1148-1227), who travelled to Persia and India in the years 1221-1224 to meet the Mongol Khan. The second chapter narrates the journey of a Mongol embassy, dispatched in 1259 to west Asia, and chapter three is an "account of Western countries", written by an envoy of the Chinese Jin dynasty around 1220. He describes the customs and culture of the "Mohameddans" he meets in the west, probably describing the city Herat in Afghanistan. The fourth and last chapter describes partly the travels of the Khitan statesman Yelü Chucai, who served Genghis Khan, to present-day Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The book closes with some corrections and an appendix. Bretschneider mentions in his preface that the text was first published in the Chinese recorder and missionary journal. Bretschneider worked at Beijing from 1866 tot 1883 as doctor to the Russian Legation. "His writings both on botany and geography are extremely valuable" (Couling), most of them dealing with China. - Presentation copy, with a note by the author to "V. Gauvain" in ink on first flyleaf. Title-page with some faint damp stains, otherwise in very good condition. {BN#47717}
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 2667. Couling 64.

In meine Auswahl

The Burmah Oil Company in early photographs

Burmah Oil Co. Photograph album. Burma, ca. 1904. Burma, ca. 1904. Oblong folio (420 x 312 mm). Contemporary half leather album of 56 large format photographs, ca. 27 x 20 cm.

EUR 9.500,00

A photograph album containing views of Burma, including images of the staff and works of the Burmah Oil Company, the majority uncaptioned, though several are captioned in the negative and a couple are identified by hand. The Burmah Oil Company was formed in Scotland in 1886 and by the early 20th century owned the largest oil fields in the British Empire, producing 90% of Burma's oil output. - The first eight images show group portraits of staff, the following 48 are topographical or portrait photographs, including views of oil fields, Rangoon, the countryside, an oil blaze and elephants at work. - Album slightly worn; 5 additional large format and 2 small photos (group portraits, a brass band, oil fields enveloped in smoke) loosely inserted. Overall in good condition. {BN#48292}

In meine Auswahl

Büsching, Anton Friderich. Auszug aus seiner Erdbeschreibung. Erster Theil, welcher Europa... und den nordlichen Theil von Asia enthält. Hamburg, Johann Carl Bohn, 1771. Hamburg, Johann Carl Bohn, 1771. 8vo. (4), 918, (170) pp. With engraved title vignette and 1 engraved plate (damaged). 19th c. half cloth over black boards with interlaced relief-stamped ornaments. All edges red.

EUR 50,00

An extract from Büsching's (1724-93) famous geographical description published between 1754 and 1792: a monumental work consisting of a total of 13 parts, 10 of which were written by the German theologian and geographer. The author's "merit lies in providing a description of the earth on a scientific foundation. Even if he only captured it political-statistically without discussing it physically, that is to say, from the historical and not from the natural scientific point of view, his work remains a great achievement" (cf. NDB). This extract is based on parts 1-4, treating Europe and Northern Asia, and was issued in 1762 so as to reach audiences unable to afford the complete edition. It contains descriptions of Denmark, Sweden, Russia, Poland, Prussia, Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Spain, Great Britain and Ireland. About half the volume, however, is dedicated to Austria and Germany. The descriptions contain geographical data as well as historical, administrative and economic remarks. Apart from informing the reader about a large number of towns in the given territories, the author also mentions important monasteries, such as St. Gallen, Worms and Fulda. The engraved view of Wiltzburg (with Weißenburg and Ellingen in the background) is preserved only as a fragment. Büsching's extensive work was continued by other hands until well into the 19th century. - Spine somewhat worn, small tear in the final page, a little brownstained in the front, otherwise well preserved. From the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel, with his ownership stamp to the front pastedown. Note of acquisition, dated 1975, loosely inserted. {BN#48842}
¶ VD 18, 90096819. Cf. ADB III, 644f. NDB III, 3f. Engelmann I, 16. Poggendorff I, 336. Haller I, 740 (Neue Erdbeschreibung 1754).

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Büsching, A[nton] F[riedrich]. Große Erdbeschreibung. Drei und zwanzigster Band. Asia. Erste... Abtheilung. Brünn, Joseph Georg Traßler, 1787. Brünn, Joseph Georg Traßler, 1787. Nur 23. Band (von 24). 557, (1) SS. Blauer Interimspappband der Zeit mit hs. Rückentitel und Bibliotheksetikett. 8vo.

EUR 150,00

Erste Ausgabe. - Vorwiegend zum nahen und mittleren Osten. Einzelband dieser Umarbeitung von Büschings bahnbrechender "Neuer Erdbeschreibung". - Der Theologe und Geograph A. F. Büsching (1724-93) wurde von einer Reise nach Petersburg, die er als Hauslehrer beim dänischen Gesandten Gf. Lynar mitmachte, zur Abfassung einer neuen Erdbeschreibung veranlaßt. "Büschings Verdienst ist es, die Erdbeschreibung auf eine wissenschaftliche Grundlage gestellt zu haben. Wenn er sie auch nur politisch-statistisch erfaßte, ohne sie physikalisch zu behandeln, also von der historischen und nicht von der naturwissenschaftlichen Seite, so bleibt seine Arbeit doch eine große Leistung" (NDB III, 3f.). "Er wagte es zuerst, genauere Nachrichten über den Zustand mancher Länder bekannt zu machen, die bisher als Staatsgeheimnisse verborgen gehalten wurden" (ADB). - Papierbedingt vereinzelt schwach gebräunt; der Einband leicht fleckig. {BN#13307}

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Büsching, A[nton] F[riedrich]. Große Erdbeschreibung. Siebenzehnter Band. Der chur-rheinische Kreis. Brünn, Joseph Georg Traßler, 1786. Brünn, Joseph Georg Traßler, 1786. Nur 17. Band (von 24). 554 SS. Blauer Interimspappband der Zeit mit hs. Rückentitel und Bibliotheksetikett. 8vo.

EUR 150,00

Erste Ausgabe. - In sich abgeschlossener Einzelband zu den kurrheinischen Gebieten (mit Mainz, Köln, Straßburg, Fulda, Zweibrücken, Hessen, Königstein, Worms, Speyer, Frankfurt etc.). Umarbeitung von Büschings bahnbrechender "Neuer Erdbeschreibung". - Der Theologe und Geograph A. F. Büsching (1724-93) wurde von einer Reise nach Petersburg, die er als Hauslehrer beim dänischen Gesandten Gf. Lynar mitmachte, zur Abfassung einer neuen Erdbeschreibung veranlaßt. "Büschings Verdienst ist es, die Erdbeschreibung auf eine wissenschaftliche Grundlage gestellt zu haben. Wenn er sie auch nur politisch-statistisch erfaßte, ohne sie physikalisch zu behandeln, also von der historischen und nicht von der naturwissenschaftlichen Seite, so bleibt seine Arbeit doch eine große Leistung" (NDB III, 3f.). "Er wagte es zuerst, genauere Nachrichten über den Zustand mancher Länder bekannt zu machen, die bisher als Staatsgeheimnisse verborgen gehalten wurden" (ADB). - Papierbedingt vereinzelt schwach gebräunt; der Einband leicht fleckig. Rücken mit kl. Schadstelle. {BN#13305}

In meine Auswahl

Büsching, A[nton] F[riedrich]. Große Erdbeschreibung. Zwölfter Band. Die vereinigten Niederlande, Schlesien... und Glatz. Troppau, Joseph Georg Traßler, 1786. Troppau, Joseph Georg Traßler, 1786. Nur 12. Band (von 24). 731, (1) SS. Blauer Interimspappband der Zeit mit hs. Rückentitel und Bibliotheksetikett. 8vo.

EUR 150,00

Erste Ausgabe. - In sich abgeschlossener Einzelband zu Holland und Schlesien. Umarbeitung von Büschings bahnbrechender "Neuer Erdbeschreibung". - Der Theologe und Geograph A. F. Büsching (1724-93) wurde von einer Reise nach Petersburg, die er als Hauslehrer beim dänischen Gesandten Gf. Lynar mitmachte, zur Abfassung einer neuen Erdbeschreibung veranlaßt. "Büschings Verdienst ist es, die Erdbeschreibung auf eine wissenschaftliche Grundlage gestellt zu haben. Wenn er sie auch nur politisch-statistisch erfaßte, ohne sie physikalisch zu behandeln, also von der historischen und nicht von der naturwissenschaftlichen Seite, so bleibt seine Arbeit doch eine große Leistung" (NDB III, 3f.). "Er wagte es zuerst, genauere Nachrichten über den Zustand mancher Länder bekannt zu machen, die bisher als Staatsgeheimnisse verborgen gehalten wurden" (ADB). - Papierbedingt vereinzelt schwach gebräunt; der Einband leicht fleckig. {BN#13303}

In meine Auswahl

Büsching, A[nton] F[riedrich]. Hauptregister der allgemeinen Erdbeschreibung. Wien, Franz Anton Schrämbl, 1790. Wien, Franz Anton Schrämbl, 1790. Bde. 3-4 (von 4). Blaue Interimspappbände der Zeit mit hs. Rückentitel und Bibliotheksetikett. 8vo.

EUR 100,00

Erste Ausgabe. - Ortsregisterbände der Buchstaben M-Z (fehlen Bde. 1 u. 2, A-L) zu Büschings "Großer Erdbeschreibung", der 24bändigen Umarbeitung seiner bahnbrechenden "Neuen Erdbeschreibung". - Der Theologe und Geograph A. F. Büsching (1724-93) wurde von einer Reise nach Petersburg, die er als Hauslehrer beim dänischen Gesandten Gf. Lynar mitmachte, zur Abfassung einer neuen Erdbeschreibung veranlaßt. "Büschings Verdienst ist es, die Erdbeschreibung auf eine wissenschaftliche Grundlage gestellt zu haben. Wenn er sie auch nur politisch-statistisch erfaßte, ohne sie physikalisch zu behandeln, also von der historischen und nicht von der naturwissenschaftlichen Seite, so bleibt seine Arbeit doch eine große Leistung" (NDB III, 3f.). "Er wagte es zuerst, genauere Nachrichten über den Zustand mancher Länder bekannt zu machen, die bisher als Staatsgeheimnisse verborgen gehalten wurden" (ADB). - Papierbedingt vereinzelt schwach gebräunt; die Einbände leicht fleckig. {BN#13308}

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The Life of Madame Candida Xu

[Candida Xu / Couplet, Philippe]. Histoire d'une Dame Chrétienne de la Chine. Ou... par Occasion les Usages de ces Peuples, l'établissement de la Religion, les manieres des Missionnaires, & les Exercices de Pieté des nouveaux Chrétiens sont expliquez. Paris, Estienne Michallet, 1688. Paris, Estienne Michallet, 1688. 8vo. (1) ff., 152 pp., (1) f., plus engraved portrait of "Madame Candide Hiu" and 3 further folding engraved plates. Bound in contemporary sheep, spine gilt.

EUR 6.500,00

Rare first edition - seldom found complete with all four engraved plates - of perhaps the first full-length Western biography of a Chinese woman. Candida Xu (1607-80) was the grand-daughter of the Ming Dynasty polymath and government official Xu Guangqi (1562-1633), himself an early convert to the Christianity. "The purpose of Couplet's biography was to inspire support for the Chinese mission and to generate increased devotion among Catholic women" (Western Travellers in China, p. 26). - Born in Shanghai, Candida moved to Songjiang after her marriage where she bore eight children to her non-Christian husband. Widowed at the age of 46, she turned her attention to promoting Christianity - not just by financial means, but by embarking on a grand tour of China to personally foster the development of that religion through appointments of priests and the building of churches. Accompanied by her son Basil, she travelled to Hubei, Nanchang, Chengdu, Chongquing, Kaifeng, etc., commissioning some 30 churches in all. - Alongside the striking full-length portrait of a seated Candida Xu, one of the engravings depicts her gravestone, exemplifying the successful admixture of Chinese elements into Jesuit Christianity which would become so controversial in ensuing decades. On the folding plate we thus find a large cross decorated with Chinese extracts (and Cantonese transliterations) from the Apostles' Creed, but also giving prominence to Candida's defining traits with the Chinese characters for faith, hope, and love. - De Backer/Sommervogel suggests that the present work is a translation by Pierre Joseph d'Orléans from Couplet's unpublished Latin manuscript, brought to Europe in 1680 upon the priest's return from his Chinese mission. We note that the work is sometimes encountered incomplete (e.g., the Sotheby's copy with only 2 plates sold in 2016). - A very good copy. {BN#50025}
¶ Cordier (Sinica) 832. Western Travellers in China 26. Löwendahl 201 [or 209]. De Backer/S. II, 1563, 8. Cf. also G. King, "Candida Xu and the Growth of Christianity in China in the 17th Century", Monumenta Serica Vol. 46 (1998), pp. 49-66 ("arguably the most influential Chinese Christian woman of the seventeenth century"); T. Brook, "Couplet's Biography of Madame Candida Xu (1607-1680)", Sino-Western Cultural Relations Vol. 17 (1998); N. Golvers, "Le Role de la Femme dans la Mission Catholique au Dix-Septieme Siecle au Jiangnan: Philippe Couplet et sa Biographie de Candida Xu (1607-1680)," Courier Verbiest, Vol X (1998).

In meine Auswahl

Cannabich, J[ohann] G[ünther] F[riedrich]. Lehrbuch der Geographie nach den neuesten Friedensbestimmungen. Ilmenau, Bernhard Friedrich Voigt, 1832. Ilmenau, Bernhard Friedrich Voigt, 1832. XII, 1138, (2) SS. Mit monogrammierter Holzschnittdruckermarke am Titel. Marmorierter Pappband der Zeit mit goldgepr. rotem Rückenschildchen. Dreiseitiger gesprenkelter Farbschnitt. Gr.-8vo.

EUR 75,00

Dreizehnte Auflage. - Der ev. Theologe und Geograph J. G. F. Cannabich (1777-1859) "studierte seit 1794 in Jena Theologie, Philologie, Philosophie und Mathematik und beschäftigte sich autodidaktisch mit Geographie [...] Seine geographischen Abhandlungen und Lehrbücher über Deutschland und Europa fanden weite Verbreitung" (DBE). Sein Hauptwerk ist das vorliegende, "unmittelbar nach den Freiheitskriegen auf Bestellung eines Buchhändlers in Sondershausen [...] nach den Gebietsverhältnissen des Friedens von 1815" verfaßte Lehrbuch, das "wol in mehr als 100.000 Exemplaren verbreitet worden ist" (ADB). - Papierbedingt durchgehend gebräunt. {BN#13129}
¶ Vgl. ADB III, 761. Sabin 10687 Anm.

In meine Auswahl

Eaves Tiles Inscriptions of the Qin and Han dynasties

Cheng, Dun. Qin Han Wa Dang Wen Zi [Eaves Tiles... Inscriptions of the Qin and Han dynasties]. [Lintong], Heng Qu Shu Yuan, 1787 (Qianlong Period). [Lintong], Heng Qu Shu Yuan, 1787 (Qianlong Period). Large 4to (206 x 280 mm). 111 leaves, folded (double leaves in oriental style). Early 20th century calf-backed marbled boards, lettered on spine "Inscription sur Tuiles des Tsin et des Han".

EUR 3.500,00

First edition of this historical manual of Chinese inscriptions of honorific and noble titles. The first of three volumes that would appear until 1794. - Paper flaw to title page, repaired on verso; occasional foxing to margins. A good copy. {BN#48293}
¶ OCLC 40844063.

In meine Auswahl

[China]. Photograph album. China, 1910-1917. China, 1910-1917. Oblong folio (306 x 252 mm). Contemporary half leather album of 230 photographs (average size 9 x 12 cm).

EUR 18.000,00

A remarkable collection of photographs showing China during the 1910s, the vast majority captioned in English. They include Shanghai, the Yangtze River, life outside Shanghai, Hong Kong, the River Canton, the canal between Shameen and Canton City, Canton, the five-storey pagodas and graveyards outside the Canton walls, Cheefo, Wei-hai-Wei, old Taku Forts and junks on the Pei-ho River, Changli station, Pei-tai-ho, Chien-Meng gate in Beijing, Chien-Men, the wall of Beijing, shelter for man guarding crops, kiaolang and soya crop near Beijing, the Beijing bell tower, the Race Club, yew trees, Temple of Heaven, the Pagoda at Yu-Chuan-Shan near Beijing, the Terracotta Pagoda and hills east of Beijing, the hills west of Yu Chuan-Pu, camel-back bridge in the gardens of Ya Choan-Shan, temples and lake in the summer palace, the Lama Temple courtyard in Beijing, the Pond Summer Palace, the Marble Bridge Summer Palace, looking up beginning of Pass Kalgar, foot of pass: carts and bullocks, the great wall on hills, camels waiting to be loaded at foot of pass, the riverbed forming a road; ascending the Nantow Pass, Messrs. Brisker, Hawkshaw and Horsely with the Lama Temple in the background, a view from the train near Kalgar, Men-Tou-Kou, a coal mine near Beijing, the Shan-Hai-Kwan hills, junks, fishing boats, a bluff seen from the harbour, Chinwantao, the old walled town on way to Hot Springs, the Great Wall of China at Shan-Hai-Twam, a steamer going down the river, a pontoon bridge to a Russian concession, Peizus waiting on tee to take passengers down the river, gardens, the Tientsin Club and station, the Tientsin Golf course, a fire at Liddell Bros., British soldiers leaving Tientsin for Tsingtau, international manoeuvres at Tientsin (spring 1914) showing Russian, British, French, Japanese, German troops, an icebreaker at Tientsin, the river near Canton, inside the Forbidden City of Beijing, Tai-Ho-Tien Forbidden City, a grotto temple near Shan-hai-Kwan, 13 photographs of Japan, a dam in the course of construction (Li-Shu-Shcen), the Regent Emperor (12th July 1917), Manchu troops in Beijing, the funeral of Yuan Shih-Kai in 1916, northern troops outside Tung Hua, Chang Siens soldiers, a flooded Chinese city, as well as eight photographs of Russia. - Album bumped at extremeties and lacks spine, a few leaves loose but interior very well preserved altogether. {BN#48289}

In meine Auswahl

[China]. Photograph album. China, ca. 1919-1941. China, ca. 1919-1941. Oblong folio (440 x 292 mm). Contemporary cloth album of 535 photographs. Various sizes, ranging from 5 x 5 to 13 x 22 cm.

EUR 12.500,00

A vast trove of photographs showing China throughout the 1920s and 1930s to the early 1940s, mostly captioned. Includes views of Beijing, the Summer Palace, canal, gardens, moat, Imperial Ancestral Temple, Pei Hai from the West, T'Ang Shan & Hei-Lung T'An (1922), Shih-Ching-Shan, Dagoba, Iron Cow, Goddess Kwan-Yin, Beijing 1940 P'ai Lou, Wang-Fu-Chin Ta Chieh, the funerals of Feng-Kuo-Chang and of Prince Pu Lun, Pei-Hai in winter, General Chang-Tso-Lin retreating from Beijing and Chian-Kai-Shek's troops entering in 1928, Shansi troops entering Beijing, celebrations of the Nanjing government taking over Beijing, skating on Pei Hai, aeroplanes, the Yellow Temple in Beijing, scenes at the Liu-Li-Ch'Ang Fair at New Year 1941, masked dancers at the Devil's Dance, Lama Temple, Chinese Games Beijing, the Princess Tomb near Beijing, Coal Hill, Beijing Club and Skating Rink, Europeans in Beijing 1937-40, Beijing Golf Club, Pa-Pao-Shan Course (1939), skating on the Pei-Hai, the West and North Gate, the Great Wall, house at 32 Ta Juan Fu Hut'Ung (1921), the British Embassy at Beijing, the Pagoda at Pa-Li-Chuang, Nian-Niagn-Miao Temple, Lung-Men-Ssu, Chien T'ai Ssu, Miao-Feng-Shan (1922), Pei-Hai and Dragon Screen, the Western Hills on the way to Miao-Feng-Shan (1932), the Citroen Haardt Trans-Asiatic Expedition, the Seann Expedition to Jehol ("up Nankou Pass by six wheeler 1930"), the bridge at Mi-Yun-Hsien, the Chin-Shih-Ling Pass, Ku-Pei-K'ou, the Potola Jehol, palace grounds, General T'Ang-Yu-Lin Governor of Jehol Province, officers of Jehol Army 1930, "to Shih-Chia-Chuang by Road with Major Lovat-Fraser 1929", Nank'ou Pass and Great Wall (October 1919), Ming Tombs, P'ai Lou, temples and fortress at Shih-Ching-Shan, Shan-Hai-Kuan views on the Shih-Ho, Grotto temple, Europeans and landscape at Shan-Hai-Kuan, ruins of Yen-Ming-Yuen, Beijing, destroyed by Anglo-French troops in 1860, the River Temple, "to Chai-T'ang with A. O. Buckingham 1919", Yung-T'ing Ho, Fo-Tzu-Ling, Pei-T'ai Ho (1938), the River Temple at Shan-Hai-Kuan, the Tower and Ocean Palace at Beijing, camels bringing coal to Beijing, etc. Also includes 7 loose photos of Ming tombs and 9 of ornate antique Chinese furniture, along with 24 photographs of the Phillippines and 16 of Japan. Finely preserved. {BN#48290}

In meine Auswahl

[China]. Photograph album. China, ca. 1926. China, ca. 1926. Oblong folio (501 x 302 mm). Album of 82 photographs mounted on 14 loose brown cardboard sheets, unbound, with blank cover sheet. Sizes ranging from 10 x 6 to 15 x 26 cm.

EUR 3.500,00

Photographs of the Summer Palace, Tan Chueh Ssu Monastery, a trip to Mt. Connelly (Ching Shi Chien) with views taken on the road from Wang Ping Kou to Men Tou Kou following the river, of Fengtien troops marching westwards to meet the Shanhsi raiders, the Tan Han Ling Pass with the temple, Pan Chiao-Erh, Tan Chueh Ssu main gate, Shan-Hai-Kuan (wall, gates and towers, temple precincts, surrounding landscape, trolley line), etc., many captioned in ink in English. - Provenance: From the collection of Johannes Gottfried William Schröder (1870-1942). Born in India, the brother of the German poet Rudolf Alexander Schröder grew up in Bremen, trained as a merchant and visited India, China, Japan, and America. He established his own business in Shanghai in 1906. His intimate knowledge of East Asia led him to embrace the philosophy of anthroposophy. {BN#48291}

In meine Auswahl

[China - Beijing: Khanbaliq]. Flemish / Dutch school. Cambalv. [Likely Antwerp or Amsterdam, circa 1590]. [Likely Antwerp or Amsterdam, circa 1590]. Woodcut ovoid roundel (60 x 75 mm), contemporarily trimmed to just outside neatline and contemporarily mounted to a larger sheet of paper (in excellent condition).

EUR 5.000,00

One of the earliest printed views of what is today Beijing: an unrecorded bird's eye prospect over 'Cambalu', or Khanbaliq (on the site of modern Beijing), the capital of China during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The Yuan Dynasty was founded by the legendary Mongol warrior Kublai Khan, who after conquering China proclaimed his new capital at Khanbaliq, although the city would not be completed until 1293. During the succeeding Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Khanbaliq was transformed into what is known as Beijing. Interestingly, as seen in the view, the walled rectangular form of the old city of Beijing is already evident in the design of Khanbaliq. Marco Polo visited Khanbaliq, but his description of its location was vague. For over two centuries thereafter Europeans were confused as to not only the location of "Cambaluc", but they even sometimes confused its identify with "Cathay" (China), thinking that it was the name for the entire country. This confusion was cleared up by the Jesuit Matteo Ricci during his first visit to Beijing in 1598, when he definitively identified Khanbaliq as the precursor to the modern Chinese capital. The present work is one of a series of 26 woodcut roundels of views and maps that were found together as collection. Charming, mysterious and apparently unique, in the absence of any accompanying documentation we are left to make educated guesses about their genesis. By all appearances they seem to be late 16th or early 17th century Flemish or Dutch woodcuts, probably proofs for vignettes to adorn the sides of an unrealized copper-engraved wall map (or maps). Indeed, this period saw the beginnings of the "carte à figures" wall maps that became all the rage during the 17th century, and which occupied an iconic place in the art world of the Low Countries. In the fluid and fast-paced environment of the large European print shops, it was common for artists to experiment with designs for copperplate maps by making woodcut proofs, as carving into wood was much quicker and cheaper. Only if the design was accepted for publication was it engraved into copper (an expensive and demanding process). The views within the roundels were generally predicated on the most authoritative recent sources. Many of the views are based on those published within the first four volumes of Braun & Hogenberg's "Civitates Orbis Terrarum" (6 vols., 1572-1618), the first great "town book", featuring bird's eye views of cities in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. Inspired by Ortelius's ground-breaking world atlas "Theatrum Orbis Terraum" (1570), which featured all of the world's known regions in detail, this monumental endeavour featured 546 views and maps of cities. The views from the "Civitates" are imbued with profound historical importance as, in many cases, they are the first accurate and detailed views of many great cities and towns, and were the most popular and influential images of these urban centres available to Europeans during the late 16th and much of the 17th centuries. Other fantastic sources include Jan van Linschoten's "Itinerario" (Amsterdam, 1596), one of the most consequential books ever written, responsible for breaking the Portuguese monopoly on European trade in South and East Asia. Likewise, other views were borrowed from important and pioneering 16th century prints and manuscripts. The unknown maker of the set of roundels to which the present view belongs likely intended for them to serve as proofs for the vignettes adorning the sides of an intended "carte à figures" wall map (or more likely maps). The creation of such woodcut proofs was commonplace, although very few examples survive to this day, as most were destroyed once their incidental use had transpired. In any event, these woodcut roundels are a fascinating insight into the operations of a large cartographic workshop in the late 16th century. {BN#45982}

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Secret reports from the South China Command to the British War Office, with reconnaissance photos, written as Mao Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek rose to power and veered toward civil war

China. [Secret British Military Report]. Reports on Kwangtung and Fukien Provinces. Hong Kong, British War Office, 1926-1928. Hong Kong, British War Office, 1926-1928. Folio (22.5 x 35 cm). [ii], 11; [ii], 12-35; [i], 36-60; [i], 61-101; [i], 103-138 ll. Five secret military reconnaissance reports totalling 138 numbered leaves in typescript (some in carbon copies or duplicated) with insertions and manuscript additions, with 47 original photographs (3.5 x 6 to 8 x 13 cm) mounted on the leaves (3 of the 47 are longer panoramas, each built up from 2 to 3 photos) and a folding blueprint plan (26 x 48.5 cm). Contemporary brown half cloth with diapered cloth sides and printed paper labels on the spine and front cover. Kept in a modern cloth clamshell box.

EUR 36.000,00

Five secret British military reconnaissance reports made by the South China Command in Hong Kong for the Under Secretary of State at the War Office in London from 1926 to 1928 and distributed in 1927 and 1928, giving a very detailed account of sites of military importance in Guangdong and Fujian provinces on the southeast coast of mainland China at a critical moment in Chinese history. It includes a description of the famous Whampoa (Huangpu) Military Academy, established by Sun Yat-sen in 1924 with help from the Soviet Union and commanded by the young Chiang Kai-shek in his first major post, the Guangzhou radio transmitting station, the aerodrome near the academy, arsenals, railways, fortifications, other prospective military targets, the topography of the region and possible landing sites for an invasion. The folding plan shows "The Asiatic Petroleum Co's wharf Amoy", with extensive soundings, reproducing a drawing dated 14 September 1919. The British were secretly preparing for military intervention in China during a period of tension between China and the western powers. Although the text gives some background information and a few anecdotes about events in China (some Chinese feared the compiler might be a Russian spy), it mostly leaves political opinions to the politicians and concentrates on the factual information the military would need if England decided to invade China. Sun Yat-sen died in March 1925 and in the wake of worker and student uprisings, the British-led Shanghai Municipal Police shot and killed at least nine protesters in Shanghai on 30 May, stoking the existing anti-British sentiments. The Chinese Communist Party and Sun Yat-sen's Nationalist Kuomintang had been allied against the warlords since 1923 but Chiang Kai-shek had commanded their National Revolutionary Army since 1925 and beginning in March 1926 he purged Communists in the military and declared martial law, a coup that made him the undisputed leader of the Kuomintang. Mao Zedong, still only one of several leaders of the Chinese Communist Party, was beginning to organise peasant militias in Guangzhou, planting the seeds of what would become the Red Army. In April 1927 the hostilities erupted in civil war, with Chiang killing thousands of Communists and Mao Zedong leading the Red Army against him was to prove equally ruthless. The British government under Conservative Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin saw dangerous Bolshevic influences on both sides, but were pleased that Chiang made a definitive break with the Communists. After Chaing captured Nanking in March 1927, British and American ships opened fire on uprisings against him, and the British built up their military presence around the Communist stronghold of Shanghai as well. In the event, this was the closest they came to an invasion, and the preparations shown by the present reports never went further. But they give a remarkably detailed picture of the military state of southern China at this critical moment and form a primary source for both the beginnings of the Chinese civil war and the British view of the situation. The five reports are: [Part 1:] Report on Canton City [= Guangzhou in Guangdong] (sent 13 October 1927 and referring to an arsenal established 16 June [1927]). [Part 2:] Report on Shekcheng Arsenal, Whampoa Military Academy, and other establishments near Canton (sent 15 June 1928 and including information gathered in Guangzhou on 31 May 1928). [Part 3:] Report on Swatow [= Shantou in Guangdong] (dated March 1926 and sent 28 July 1927; addendum sent 10 February 1928). [Part 4:] Amoy [= Xiamen in Fujian] (dated March 1926 and sent 28 July 1927). [Part 5:] Foochow [= Fuzhou in Fujian] (refers to a publication of 1925 and sent 28 July 1927). The reports of 1927 and 1928 (parts 1 & 2) were compiled by Captain Robin Hasluck Campbell (1894-1964) of the Royal Marines, who was to rise to the rank of Major-General in 1944, and he also added a page of addenda to the 1926 report on Shantou, which was written by Captain R.A. Slater. Two of the Hong Kong cover letters were signed by Major-General Charles Camac Luard (1867-1947), Commander of British Troops in South China, and the other two by officers under his command. The paper for part 3 is watermarked "D. Gestetner's|Rotary" and some texts in the volume seem likely to have been reproduced on a Gestetner stencil-based duplicating machine, though some may be carbon copies and others appear to have been typed directly. Most of the leaves added in India are watermarked "Government|of|India|T". The Hong Kong cover letters indicate that these reports were distributed in only three to five copies, all but one going to Asian offices (including Malaya, Singapore and Peking), and we have located no surviving copies besides the present ones. They were sent in 1927 and 1928 to the Headquarters of the British Army in Delhi, India, which passed them on to their General Staff Branch at its summer office in Simla in the latter year. It was in India, probably when the reports were sent to Simla, that they were bound together with the four original cover letters (the third for parts 3 to 5 and the fourth for the addenda to part 3) and some new additions: a new typescript table of contents for all five reports headed by a general drop-title (with a manuscript note telling the binder to have the title printed for the cover), a manuscript part-title inserted before each part and one additional cover letter written in Delhi. Also at that time, the British authorities in India mounted some of the cover letters on paper leaves (and seem to have remounted some of the photos on new leaves) and made some manuscript annotations. They also used a red pencil to number the leaves of the five reports in a single series including the cover letters and leaves with photos, but not the manuscript part-titles. The table of contents cites these new leaf numbers. The reports in parts 1-3 had been separately foliated in typescript without the added leaves: 8; [2], 19; [1], 9, [3] ll. Some worm holes, especially in the first few and last few leaves (slightly affecting 2 photographs), and with occasional minor chips and tears, the folding plan has separated at the folds, a folding photographic panorama assembled from 3 photographs has one part torn through and another photo has a faded patch, but most text leaves and photographs are in good condition. A detailed secret report of British military reconnaissance in southern China as the civil war between Communists and Nationalist broke out. {BN#48762}
¶ For the British military's view of the circumstances: Jonathan Parkinson, The Royal Navy, China Station (2018), pp. 359-372.

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Chinese Association for the Study of Ancient Bronze Drums. Ancient Chinese Bronze Drums. Peking, Wenwu Chubanshe [= Cultural Relics Publishing House], [1988]. Peking, Wenwu Chubanshe [= Cultural Relics Publishing House], [1988]. 4to. 232, 124 SS. Mit zahlreichen Textabbildungen nach Zeichnungen, teilweise ausfaltbar, einigen Tabellen, 4 Farbtafeln und 120 Tafeln mit meist 2 Fotoabbildungen. Originaler Halbleinenband.

EUR 1.500,00

Erste Ausgabe. Der 1957 gegründete Wenwu Chubanshe ist ein auf chinesische Archäologie spezialisierter Verlag, der seither fast alle wichtigen Werke zum Thema veröffentlichte. Gezeigt werden Bronzetrommeln in allen Variationen. Die Textabbildungen zeigen hauptsächlich Details und Muster. Text bis auf eine kleine Zusammenfassung chinesisch. {BN#45433}

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Closen, Karl von. Bemerkungen über die von der deutschen Nationalversammlung angenommenen... §§ 2 und 3 des Verfassungs-Entwurfs mit besonderer Rücksicht auf das Verhältnis von Oesterreich zu Deutschland. Frankfurt a. M., J. D. Sauerländer, 1848. Frankfurt a. M., J. D. Sauerländer, 1848. 72 SS. Bedruckte Originalbroschur. 8vo.

EUR 250,00

Freiherr von Closen (1786-1850), der sich im bayerischen Landtag als Vertreter der ständischen Rechte hervortat, wurde von Ludwig I. wegen Majestätsbeleidigung verfolgt, weil er angeblich ein revolutionäres Gedicht verbreitet haben sollte. Durch Inhaftierung und lange Verfahrensdauer bekannt, wurde er 1848 in das Frankfurter Parlament und zum Mitglied des Fünfziger-Ausschusses gewählt und engagiert sich für die großdeutsche Lösung. - Rücken berieben. {BN#31893}

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Clüver, Philipp. Introductionis in universam geographiam, tam veterem quàm novam,... libri VI. Acceßit P. Bertij breviarium orbis terrarum. Amsterdam, Elzevir, 1659. Amsterdam, Elzevir, 1659. 12mo. 352 (including the engraved title-page), 70, (10) pp. With 3 folding engraved plates and 1 folding letterpress table. Contemporary blindstamped vellum over thin wooden boards with handwritten spine title and green ribbons.

EUR 850,00

First edition thus as published by the Elzeviers of Amsterdam: a compact copy of this prominent work by the founder of historical geography, the German historian and cartographer Clüver (1580-1622) which first appeared in 1624. It is divided into 6 books, with the first book giving an account of the planet Earth, including a discussion of its climate zones, its rotation, remarks about navigation at sea and signs of the zodiac, while the following books describe various countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. The plates show circles of longitude and latitude, the winds of the Mediterranean, cardinal directions and measures of distance. Also, the present edition includes the "Breviarium totius orbis terrarum" by the Flemish geographer Peter Bertius (1565-1629), further describing various countries and providing a list of Roman and Holy Roman Emperors. The small 12mo format is a characteristic of the books issued by the famous Elzevir printing and publishing house and soon became very desirable among bibliophiles. - With shelfmarks to the pastedown and the lower flyleaf. Binding rubbed, brownstained. From the library of the Viennese collector Werner Habel, with his signed and stamped ownership, dated 1982, to the flyleaf. {BN#48971}
¶ Willems 1242. Cf. Graesse II, 204 (1729 ed.). Pieters 261 (different collation). Sabin 13085. Ebert I, 374 (other eds.).

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Crasset, Jean, SJ. Außführliche Geschicht der in dem äussersten Welt-Theil gelegenen... Japonesischen Kirch. Augsburg, Franz Anton Ilger, 1738. Augsburg, Franz Anton Ilger, 1738. 2 Tle. in 1 Bd. (24), 534, 559, (1) SS. (313-320 Spaltenzählung). Titel in rot und schwarz gedruckt. Mit 9 Kupfertafeln. Blindgepr. Schweinslederband der Zeit über Holzdeckeln (Schließen fehlen). Folio (215:320 mm).

EUR 3.950,00

Erste deutsche Ausgabe dieser zuerst 1689 erschienenen Geschichte der Jesuitenmission in Japan mit Nachrichten über Land, Einwohner, Sitten und Gebräuche. Die Tafeln mit Darstellungen von Kostümen, Bauten und Marterszenen. Obwohl viel übersetzt und breit rezipiert, fand das Werk gerade bei der katholischen Kritik skeptische Aufnahme: "Crasset's history was scarcely original, for it was drawn in great part from the work which Father Solier had issued in 1627; he merely retouched the style and continued the narrative from 1624 to 1658. The objection is made that the work lacks precision, is heavy, and is crowded with details. The author attributed the origin of the persecution of 1597 to the imprudence of the friars in making their religious ceremonies too public" (Cath. Ency. IV, 468). - Einband kaum berieben. Titel und Falz gegen Ende mit unbedeutenden Wurmspuren (kein Textverlust), leicht braunfleckig, die S. 1/2 des zweiten Teils mit Spuren eines entfernten Blattweisers. - Exemplar aus dem 1803 säkularisierten Augustiner-Chorherrenstift Polling in Oberbayern mit entspr. gest. Exlibris (datiert 1744); Stempel des 2008 aufgelassenen Franziskanerklosters Bad Tölz am Titel. {BN#29703}
¶ Alt-Japan Kat. 379. Cordier 401. De Backer/Sommervogel II, 1641, 21. Fromm 6191. Laures 612. Streit VI, 1441.

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[Dahlbergh, Erik]. Suecia antiqua et hodierna. [Stockholm, 1693-1714]. [Stockholm, 1693-1714]. 3 Bde. in einem. 354 Kupferstiche auf 321 teils gefalteten Tafeln. 13 Seiten Register. Marmorierter brauner Kalbsledereinband auf fünf Bünden mit zweifacher Rahmung aus zusammen sechs verschieden Rollen (goldgeprägtes Rankenwerk, Blüten- und Lilienrolle) und doppelten Fileten, intarsiertes goldgeprägtes Rückenschildchen und reiche Rückenvergoldung, Steh- und florale Innenkantenvergoldung, marmorierte Vorsätze und gleichartige Schnittmarmorierung. Quer-Gr. Folio.

EUR 18.000,00

Erste Ausgabe des prachtvollen Ansichtenwerks von Schweden, vorliegend eines der wenigen Exemplare in Folio, hier in einem Meistereinband des schwedischen Buchbinders Gustaf Hedberg (1859-1920). - "Suecia antiqua enthält über 350 Kpfst. mit Ansichten von Städten, Häfen, Schlössern, bemerkenswerten Gebäuden, aber auch altnord. Stätten und Denkmälern aus Schweden und Finnland, zahlenmäßig konzentriert auf die mittelschwed. Regionen. Trotz der inhaltl. Vielfalt kann Suecia antiqua et hodierna v. a. als ein Denkmal für die ehrgeizigen Bauprojekte der Krone und des Adels nach den großen Kriegen bez. werden. Dahlberg hat die Projekte zum Teil nach noch nicht realisierten Plänen wiedergegeben, weshalb der dok. Wert der Stiche in einigen Fällen umstritten ist. In den Darst. einzelner Bauwerke und Gärten folgt er frz. und niederl. Mustern, während die Stadtansichten dem Vorbild Merians verpflichtet sind" (AKL). "Im ganzen eine kunstgeschichtliche Quelle von unschätzbarem Wert und außerdem eine ganz hervorragende künstlerische Leistung" (Thieme/B.). Das Werk wurde ohne Text veröffentlicht und ist wie vorliegend komplett. - Die ersten Exemplare des auf Kosten des Königs von Schweden gedruckten Werks wurden noch vom Königshaus selbst verschenkt; erst 1772 gelangte es in den Handel. Vorliegend eines der seltenen plano gebundenen Geschenkexemplare, für welche "die Tafeln vielfach in Papierumrahmungen montiert bzw. angerändert [wurden], um sie auf ein einheitliches Groß-Querfolio-Format zu bringen" (HH 100, 497 für ein anderes königl. Dedikationsexemplar des vorl. Werkes). - Deckelgelenke unmerklich verstärkt. Innen teilweise etwas fingerfleckig und mit fachmännisch restaurierten Einrissen, im ganzen aber gut erhaltenes Exemplar der seltenen Plano-Ausgabe, die Tafeln in frühen und zumeist sehr kräftigen Abzügen. {BN#13151}
¶ Brunet V, 578. Graesse Vi, 519. Ebert 21882. Hiler 211. Ornamentstichslg. Bln. 2256. Lipperheide Haa 3. Thieme/B. VIII, 276. Collijn 1600-talet 197. Warmholtz 207. Avery AH485. AKL XXIII, 421.

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